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# Unit - 4

Measurement and Motion 4
Measurement
On a holiday Ezhil went to market Ladies’ finger - 1kg
with his father. First they went to a
grocer’s shop. Ezhil’s father asked for Green chillies - 100gm
the following. Onions - 2kg
Rice - 10 kg The shopkeeper weighed the
vegetables with the help of a balance.
Bengal gram - 500 gm
Groundnut oil - 2 litres went to a fruit stall and asked for a
Ghee - 200 millilitres dozen bananas. The shopkeeper
counted and gave them 12 bananas.
The shopkeeper used a balance
After getting them, they returned
for measuring rice and bengal gram.
home.
He measured oil and ghee with a
They went to a flower shop and father, “ Whenever an item is bought
bought 5 cubits of garland. Then why it is asked for in a different way?”
they went to a textile showroom and His father said, “ Go and prepare a list
selected a shirt material and asked of the things that we bought and the
for 2 metres. The salesman measured instruments that were used to measure
2 metres of the cloth with a metre them. I will clear your doubts.” Ezhil
scale and gave them. got ready to prepare the list. Shall we
also help him?
Then, they went to a vegetable
shop and asked for the following
vegetables.

Electronic balance
Balance

124

Measurement and Motion

Activity 1

Item Quantity Measuring Instrument

Activity 2
What are the instruments used to measure the following?
Discuss in small groups and write them down.
1. Shirt material __________________________
2. Sugar __________________________
3. Cooking oil __________________________
4. Tomatoes __________________________
5. Length of your science textbook __________________________
6. Time taken to reach school __________________________
7. Kerosene __________________________
8. Duration of Maths period __________________________
From the above activities, we have magnitude which has to be determined
learnt that measuring instruments like and kilogram is the unit of mass.
metre scale, balance, clock, Kilogram is a known constant quantity.
measuring jar, etc. are necessary for That is, the mass of the bag is 3 times

SCIENCE
measuring different items. the mass of 1 kilogram.
What is measurement? Similarly, if it takes 20 minutes to
Now, shall we measure the length reach your school from home, here 20
of our classroom cupboard using a is the magnitude which has to be
metre scale? Have you measured the determined and minute is the unit of
length? If it is 2 metres then 2 is the time. Minute is a known constant
magnitude and metre is the unit of quantity. That is, the time to reach the
length. Metre is a known constant school from home is 20 times the
(accepted) quantity but the quantity constant time unit 1 minute.
2 is to be determined. Here the length Measurement is a process of
of the cupboard is two times length of comparison of an unknown quantity
1 metre. with a standard (accepted) quantity of
In the same way, can we measure the same kind. The known constant
the mass of your schoolbag using a quantity is called Unit. Here metre,
balance? If it is 3 kilograms, here 3 is kilogram and minute are units.

125

Therefore. The differs from person to person. SI Units Shall we individually measure the (System International Units) length of the same table by a metre scale? All of us get the same value. Second) used in Standard measurement are 2.FPS system(Foot. Gram. mass and time were in use.Unit . Pound.MKS system(Metre. kilogram Second) and second are standard units. Fill up the following table.CGS system(Centimetre. hand span.4 The need for Standard Unit Activity 3 With your friends measure the length of the table in your classroom in terms of hand span. in cubit by you and the shopkeeper. ___________________ ___________________ 2. That units which are used to measure the is why there is a difference in the fundamental quantities are called measurement of the length of garland fundamental units. ___________________ ___________________ 3. Mass and Time are called is measured by different students. fundamental quantities. we Second) infer that cubit. they can not be expressed in terms It is because the length of hand span of any other physical quantity. ___________________ ___________________ 4. Now In order to overcome the difficulties shall we learn about fundamental of using different systems of units. Kilogram. an quantities? International system was adopted in 126 . ___________________ ___________________ From the above activity we Fundamental quantities observe that though the same table Length. Name of the Student The number of hand span measured 1. In different parts of the world What do we infer from this? different system of units for measuring length. because each student gets a different value. Metre. etc. not standard units. are 3. A Any measurement that gives the few systems of units are same value for all is called Standard measurement. The units which are 1. called Standard units.

Measurement and Motion 1960. mass and time? Physical quantity SI Unit Symbol Length metre m Mass kilogram kg Time second s Measurement of length Draw a straight line in your notebook. To measure length we use measuring tape. What you have measured now is length. Plot two points A and B on the line. Shall we know the SI units of length. • Distance between Chennai and New Delhi _____________. Measure the distance between the two points using a scale. metre scale etc. 127 . This system is called SI units. The distance between two points is called A B length. • Distance of your neighbouring town from your home ____________. • Distance between your home and school ______________. The SI unit of length is metre. Activity 4 We shall measure the length of the following and write them SCIENCE with appropriate units. Length of your pencil _________________ Length of your thumb _________________ Length of your eraser _________________ Length of a leaf _________________ Length of your pen nib _________________ Length of the nail of your little finger _________________ Know yourself • Length of cloth required for stitching your shirt ______________. This was accepted by scientists all over the world.

We express smaller lengths such as length of a pencil. Length metre kilometre centimetre 1 metre = 1000 millimetres Measurement of mass 1 metre = 100 centimetres 1 kilometre = 1000 metres Activity 5 Have you ever been to a market? How do the merchants measure rice. Physical SI unit Multiples Submultiples quantity millimetre. These are called submultiples. larger distances such as the distance between two places are expressed in kilometre. in centimetre and millimetre. pen nib etc.4 Shall we write down the different units of length used in the above activity? Units of length Multiples and submultiples of length In the above activity. pulses. pulses. This is called multiple of length. vegetables etc. 128 .? What instrument do they use to measure? In what units do they measure? Why do they not use the units millimetre and centimetre in measuring rice.Unit .? Discuss with your friends and find out the answer. vegetables etc.

Different units are used for measuring different quantities. a handful of rice. etc. Activity 6 Among the three. physical balance and electronic balance for measuring mass. Physical balance Activity 7 Carefully observe the wrapper of the following items and write down SCIENCE masses mentioned on it. which one is the heaviest? Sand is the heaviest because the amount of matter contained in sand is more than the amount of matter contained in rice and cotton. a handful of sand and a handful of cotton. We use beam balance. milligram 129 . The quantity of vegetables used at home per day ______________. spices. cotton bales. silver. The mass of a body is the amount of matter contained in it. These are called multiples and submultiples of mass. Measurement and Motion From the above activity we have learnt that all quantities are not measured by the same unit. etc. Physical SI unit Multiples Submultiples quantity Mass kilogram quintal. Multiples and submultiples of mass We use units quintal and metric tonne to measure larger quantities of sugarcane bundles. Mass of toilet soap ________________ Mass of a packet of tea ________________ Mass of a biscuit packet ________________ Know yourself The quantity of rice purchased per month at home____________. The SI unit of mass is kilogram. metric tonne gram. we use units gram and milligram to measure smaller quantities of gold. Similarly.

Duration between sowing the paddy until harvesting 11. Duration between the first term and the second term examination 12. Time taken for ripening of fruits 6.4 1 gram = 1000 milligrams 1 kilogram = 1000 grams 1quintal = 100 kilograms 1 metric tonne = 1000 kilograms Measurement of time We perform many activities in our daily life and many events also take place but the duration of each event / activity differs from one another. Duration of sleep 3. Time of fall of a coconut from the tree Events/ Events/ Events/ Events/ Events/ activities activities activities activities activities occurring in occurring occurring in occurring in occurring in seconds in minutes hours days / months years 130 . Time interval between a new moon and a full moon 10.Unit . Time taken to weave a saree 9. Time taken for a plant to grow into a tree 7. Time taken for curdling of milk 8. Working hours of your school 4. Discuss in small groups and tabulate the events / activities according to their duration. Activity 8 Look at the following activities. Time taken to blink your eyes 5. Time taken for bathing 2. 1.

The SI unit of time is second. Multiples and submultiples of time Larger time intervals are expressed in minute. microsecond etc. For measuring time we use pendulum clock. millisecond. we have learnt that we use different units for measuring time. Time second week. week. day. month. These are called multiples of time. water clock etc. year microsecond 1 minute = 60 seconds 1 hour = 60 minutes 1 day = 24 hours 1 year = 365 1/4 days 1 second = 1000 milliseconds 1 second = 1000000 microseconds 131 . Measurement and Motion From the above events / activities. year etc. month. stop clock etc. wall clock. hour. hour. For measuring time accurately we use atomic clock. day. sand clock. Time is the interval between two events. Any time interval less than 1 second is expressed in millisecond. wristwatch. These are called submultiples of time. Physical SI unit multiples submultiples quantity SCIENCE minute. In olden days people used sundial.

Fill in the blanks. week. microsecond. SI unit of mass is ___________ a) gram b) kilogram c) milligram d) centigram 3. Rice. Generally sugarcane is weighed by the unit____________(tonne / gram) 4. Breadth of a classroom - centimetre 3. year. One kilometre = _________ metre 3.4 Evaluation I. Choose the correct answer. Height of your friend - metre IV. month. Thickness of a five rupee coin - kilometre 2. SI unit of length is __________ a) centimetre b) millimetre c) metre d) kilometre 2. Match the following with the correct units 1. One quintal = _________ kilogram 4.1 hour = ____________ seconds. 1. 1 metric tonne is equal to __________ a) 1000 kilograms b) 100 kilograms c) 1 kilogram d) 10 kilograms 4. Distance between two places - millimetre 4. millisecond.Unit . a) 60 b) 3600 c) 24 d) 1000 II. hour. minute. Arrange the following units in ascending order. sugar etc are measured by the unit ____________ (milligram / kilogram) 3. The mass of the chemicals present in a tablet are expressed in the unit____________ (milligram / kilogram) V. 132 . One metre = _________ centimetre 2. The mass of gold is measured by the unit ____________ (gram / metre) 2. SI unit of time is ___________ a) second b) minute c) week d) day 5. Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. second. One minute = _________ second III. 1. 1.

B A VII. using them try to measure the length of the given curved line AB. What are the SI units of length.20. and time? Mention their symbols. Measure the length and breadth of your classroom and write them in foot. Define measurement and unit. Let us know (( The length of the largest sea animal. Kumar took 1 hour to draw the same picture.000 times heavier than the earth) 133 . With the model of the sand clock you have made. Who took more time to draw? How much more time did he take ? 2) Thread and metre scale are provided to you. SCIENCE 2. b) fi nd your pulse rate with reference to your model. hand span. 2.98 x 1024 kilograms (mass of the sun is 3. centimetre and metre. mass. Measurement and Motion VI. Expand the following (i) FPS (ii) CGS (iii) MKS (iv) SI Project 1. blue whale measures 30metres approximately. Make a model of a sand clock using two ink bottles.Find the answer 1) Ravi took 90 minutes to draw a picture. 5. What are fundamental quantities? Why are they called so? 4. (( Mass of the sun = 1. What is the significance of standard units? 3.Answer the following questions 1. a) using a clock find the time taken for the sand to completely flow down.99 x 1030 kilograms (( Mass of the earth = 5.

it is said to be stationary or at rest.4 Motion We observe many objects in our daily life. observe your surroundings and classify the objects under Objects in motion Objects at rest _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ From the above activity we have learnt that some objects move and some remain stationary. air etc. 134 . If the object changes its position with respect to time then it is said to be in motion. Some of them move from one place to another and some of them remain stationary. Activity 1 On your way to school. we can actually observe that some objects change their position with time. Can we find out whether an object is at rest or in motion only by observing them directly? Activity 2 Do the earth. If an object does not change its position with respect to time. we come to know their motion from the effects they make. From the above discussion. Hence motion is defined as the change of position of an object with respect to time.Unit . In some cases. move ? If they move. how do we know it? We may get more information through a small group discussion. though we can not see the objects change their position.

The bus passed by set of objects and moving in relation Akilan’s house. you look out from a moving bus. Akilan had two friends. “Yes. This implies sit-out. do we both saw you sitting and waving. As Akilan was in the to another set of objects. The next day when Akilan met We have learnt about rest and his friends in school. Measurement and Motion How do we differentiate rest and motion? Have you travelled in a bus? When Mukilan and Selvam said. Now discuss in small groups I was in the sit-out. An His friends reached the bus terminus object is at rest in relation to a certain and got into a bus. Akilan invited his friends to his town for a circus show. “When motion. Mugilan What do we learn from this? and Selvam. 135 . houses. that rest and motion are relative. Akilan returned home. moving bus”. I saw you in the and do this activity. appear to be moving for another. backwards”. The three An object may appear to be friends went to the circus and enjoyed stationary for one observer and themselves. the trees. he waved to his friends. lamp posts appear From the moving bus both you and to be stationary or in motion? Share your house appeared to be moving SCIENCE your experience in small groups. he said.

A coconut falling from a tree 13. C hildren playing on a sliding board Moving in a straight line Moving in a Moving in a random manner Motion circle Moving back and forth/ left and right From the above activity.Unit .  Children playing in a groups and classify. playground 1. Motion of people on a carnival write on a notebook day 6. M  ovement of your hand when you 16. Flapping of elephant’s ears 4. R  evolution of the moon around 17. Children playing in a swing 3. Motion of flies and mosquitoes 2. it is said to be 136 . A sprinter running a 100 m race 12. Types of motion falling from a tree? What type of path Linear motion did they take during their motion? Did you observe the vehicle moving Likewise. The tip of hands of a clock 15. R the sun 9. Motion of opening and closing of 7.4 Activity 3 Are the following motions same 10. T  he movement of a ball in a foot a draw ball match  evolution of the earth around 8. we have come to know that there are different types of motion. Movement of people in a bazaar 5. Motion of a spinning top the earth 18. Wagging tail of a dog or different type? Discuss in small 11. When an object moves along a straight road and a coconut along a straight line. Marching of soldiers 14.

the distance between the child and the centre of the merry-go-round 137 . isn’t it? If a body revolves about an axis. in any point is said to be in rotational motion. SCIENCE in the circular path the distance of the Eg. whirl it with your hand and observe Rotational Motion the motion of the stone. Here also. let us observe the motion of a child in the merry-go-round. tie a thread to it and motion.it is said motion.Spinning top stone from the centre of the circle Motion of a fan (hand) remains the same. to be in circular motion. it is clear that if an object motion of a lift are examples for linear moves along a circular path. in linear motion. Motion of a body dropped from the top of a building and From this. Motion of the tip of hands of a clock and a point Circular motion marked on the blade of the fan are some more examples for circular Take a stone. doesn’t it? Motion of a merry-go-round Similarly. it In this motion we can see. Measurement and Motion remains the same at any point of the circular path. The stone is moving along a circular path.

Can you think of any other object performing Rotationa more than one type of motion simultaneously? Explain. a rolling ball and a drilling machine perform more than one type of motion simultaneously. Multiple Motion ff M otion of a child in a swing. l motion Linear motion 138 . The wheels of a bicycle perform rotational as well as linear motion simultaneously. whereas the around the sun motion of the bicycle is linear. Random Motion When an object moves at different speeds and in different directions. What type of motion does the while plucking wheel perform? What type of forward ff Motion of the moon revolving motion does the cycle perform? around the earth The motion of the wheels of a ff Motion of the earth revolving bicycle is rotational. type of motion at a time? We ride a ff Motion of the string of veena bicycle. Eg. Similarly.4 Periodic motion If an object repeats the same type of motion at regular intervals of time it is said to be in periodic motion. ff Motion of the pendulum in a Can a body perform more than one wall clock. A fish swimming in a tank  The movement of a football during a game Eg.Unit . it is said to be in random motion.

Robots are run by heavy batteries. W  hen a bicycle is in motion. Measurement and Motion Science Today Robot Issac Asimov invented robot. the mouth which is used to fill the air will perform__________ a) Random motion b) Periodic motion c) Circular motion d) All of these 139 . do household work. robot to do our homework? Nowadays well designed robots are used for complicated and Imagine and draw the various minute clinical surgeries. Robot is a human machine. SCIENCE Evaluation I. We programme (electronic signals) the robot to do the work we want it to do. Robot’s brain is nothing but an electronic chip. a robot can do in your we may have robots in our homes to school.Movement of a branch of a tree in air is an example for ________________ a) Linear Motion b) Circular Motion c) Periodic Motion d) Rotational Motion 2. The machinery parts of robot follow and implement the commands already programmed. Very soon activities. 1.The motion of a rolling ball is ____________ motion a) Circular b) Linear c) Rotational d) Multiple 3. The Robot movements of robot are controlled How nice would it be to have a by electronic chip or computer. Choose the correct answer. It is he who named the machine as robot (derived from Philippines language).

______________ 3.4 II. The movement of the needle in a sewing machine is _____________ (linear motion. (position. 2.______________ 2. In Motion 1. Name the organ in your body which works in periodic motion.______________ At Rest 1. Fill in the blanks . Look at the pictures and answer the following . 1. Is there any difference between a child who rides on a merry-go- round and a child who takes part in a 50m race? 140 .Unit .______________ 2. 1. Motion is defined as the change of _____________ of an object with respect to time. Among them identify the pictures which work on more than one kind of motion. random motion) 2. Classify the following pictures based on the kind of motion.______________ 2. III. rotational motion) 3.  The rotation of an object about an axis is _____________ (linear.______________ 3. mass) IV. After 5 seconds 1. identify objects which are. Give reasons for the following. From the given pictures.

Motion seems to be some kind of a change in the position of an object with time. Answer the following. 3.com 141 .tutorvista. What type of motion does it perform while in operation? 5. After SCIENCE some time. 4. and connect the different points you have marked with arrows to show the direction in which the ant was moving.How many different kinds of motion could you demonstrate with this? V. Ants are likely to be attracted to the sugar and you will find many ants crawling on the sheet of paper soon. What is rotational motion? Give example. Distinguish between linear motion and circular motion. Give reasons.com/content/science/science-i/motion/types. in intervals of a few seconds.arvindguptatoys.org/wiki/measurement www. What is the name of the instrument in the given picture? Specify its uses. shake the paper free of the sugar and the ants. Name the types of motion possessed by children playing in a playground. motion. Each point you have marked shows where the ant moved to. What is periodic motion? Give example. 4.wikipedia. You are given a length of thread with a spherical bob attached to one end. 1. Keep marking its position often a few seconds as it moves along on the sheet of paper. isn't it? further reference Websites: http://www. For any one ant. Measurement and Motion 3. When do you say that an object is in motion? 2. try and make a small mark with a pencil near its position when it has just crawled on to the sheet of paper. Do it yourself Spread a large sheet of white paper on the ground and keep a little sugar on it.php http://en.

Discovery of magnets Why do the pins stick to the pin holder placed on headmaster's / headmistress's table? How magnets were discovered? It is an interesting story. iron pieces and iron particles in sand. The only occupation for the people was grazing the cattIe. So he went when it is very close to the refrigerator. There was a region called Asia Minor. Powerful magnets are used in cranes. It was full of mountains. There was a shepherd Why does the door of the named Magnes.Unit . where there was a town called Magnesia. Have you ever enjoyed playing with them? Already we know that magnet attracts pins. Cranes are used to lift heavy iron loads. 142 . along with others to graze the cattle. to the pin-holder and the refrigerator. rocks and plateaus.5 Magnetism 5 Because the magnets are attached You might have seen magnets. Powerful electromagnets are used to operate electromagnetic trains. In those days there refrigerator get stuck automatically was no school in the town. lifts and escalators.

That is their iron-clad sticks. they called it When he woke up. their navigators by using these rocks SCIENCE One day. The They are called magnetic stones. with attracting property in several 143 . People came why they are called leading stones or to know that there were many rocks lode stones. were sticking to the rock. Magnes Magnetites are natural magnets. Magnetism After leaving the cattle to graze in regions of the world. As it was he dozed off. as he was sitting on the rock with attractive property. When a magnet is freely suspended. His nail-studded shoes found in that region.clad stick standing erect without was the ore with attracting property any support. discovered by Magnes. he found the Magnet and also Magnetite.Magnetite iron . he used to sit and take rest that the Chinese made compass for on a big rock with his grazing stick.south direction. it always comes to attracted not only his stick but also rest in north. whole town looked at this scene with wonder. thought that the rock was God. Natural magnets do not have a The people witnessed that the rock definite shape. Even before the plains.

non. blade. Iron. question. Bar magnet Horse shoe magnet Ring magnet What type of substances are attracted by magnets? Shall we find out whether pen cap. nickel are magnetic When some iron filings are spread substances. Such man-made magnets are called artificial magnets. plain pins. iron ball.5 After learning the method of changing the piece of iron into magnet (magnetization) we have been making and using several kinds of magnet. we find more iron filings sticking to Paper. It is better to find it out Substances that are attracted by ourselves. 144 .magnetic substances. Here some of the shapes of artificial magnets that we use in our daily life . but non-magnetic substances. pencil. wooden scale and coin are attracted by magnet or not? Shall we discuss in small groups and list them? Substances attracted Substances not by magnets attracted by magnets We understand that magnet Does magnet have poles? attracts certain substances and do Of course. all the filings do not attracted by magnet are called stick to the bar magnet uniformly. plastic scale. To perform a simple by magnet are called magnetic experiment. on a sheet of paper and a bar magnet Substances that do not get is placed over it.Unit . cobalt. chalk piece. plastic are called both ends of the magnet. Likewise. it is an interesting not attract some other substances. filings and a magnet. it is sufficient to have iron substances. nail.

times.Let us learn the simplest one. Magnetism more iron filings will stick to both ends Magnetic compass of a horseshoe magnet. South. Different directions magnet. magnetic compass we can find out different directions SCIENCE Shall we make our own magnet? There are several methods of making artificial magnets. So most of disc on which a small needle is pivoted the iron filings cling to the ends of the at its centre. By using this magnet as shown in the diagram. East. The Magnetic compass has been designed by using this directive Repeat the process for 30 to 40 property of the magnet. Take a nail / a piece of Iron and place it on a table. 145 . A freely suspended magnet always comes to rest in north-south direction. Now take a bar magnet and place North seeking pole is called north one of its poles near one edge of the pole. The ends of a magnet have the A magnetic compass is a circular strongest magnetic force. end to another end without changing the direction of the pole of the magnet. They are called poles of the (North. and west) are magnet. The poles of a magnet are easily The magnetic needle always rests found by freely suspending the in north-south direction. marked on the compass.This needle Which is north pole? Which is south can rotate freely and always point in the pole? north-south direction. South seeking pole is called nail / piece of Iron and rub from one south pole.

Unit . Similarly when the south poles of two bar magnets are brought closer they too move away from each other. When heated Shall we find out what happens when two magnets are brought closer? It is very easy to understand this. Unlike poles attract each other. continue the same process for some more time. When a north pole of one magnet and a south pole of another magnet When dropped 146 . they pull towards each other. Attraction? or repulsion? When we bring two north poles of two bar magnets closer as shown in the figure they move away from each other. If not. Do magnets lose their properties ? When? Bring a pin or some iron filings Magnets lose their properties if they near a nail /a piece of Iron to check are heated or dropped from a height whether it has become a magnet. or hit with a hammer. Like poles repel each other.5 are brought closer.

In 1600. English scientist William Gilbert proposed that earth behaves like a giant magnet. Magnetism Storage of magnets When hammered Improper storage can also cause magnets to lose their properties. televisions. Bar magnet Horse shoe magnet Horse shoe magnet Soft iron Bar magnet Soft iron SCIENCE Wooden piece Soft iron Let us know Magnets lose their properties if we keep it near the cassettes.Electromagnets are used in giant wheels. For horse-shoe magnet one should keep a piece of iron across the poles. These materials may also get damaged. They must be separated by a piece of wood and two pieces of soft iron should be placed across their ends. mobiles. bar magnets should be kept in pairs with their unlike poles on the same side. 2. To keep them safe. Fact File 1. compact disks and the computer. 147 .

The electric current that changes constantly allows a change in polarity of electromagnets.Unit . ___________________________ Electromagnetic train 148 . Germany and America. Electromagnetic train runs faster than ordinary train. This change in polarity pushes and pulls the train. In France. The technology in which the property of magnetic attraction and repulsion used gave birth to super fast electromagnetic trains. ___________________________ 3. ___________________________ 5. The north pole of the electromagnet on the track faces upwards and the north pole of the electromagnet on the train faces downwards. it is called flying train. The north pole in the track repels the north pole on the train and levitates the train. China. Electromagnetic trains do not have wheels. ___________________________ 4. Another significance of electromagnetic train is that it does not make a noise. France. whereas ordinary trains have. 2. (First difference is given) 1.5 Science today Shall we learn about electromagnetic train? Electromagnetic train is also called as suspension train.Powerful electromagnets are attached to the bottom of the train as well as on the track. We can see electromagnetic train in Japan. How does the electromagnetic train work? Electromagnetic trains do not have wheels. Write any 5 differences between a train and an electromagnetic train. It does not require diesel or petrol .

a) How will you identify the poles of the magnet? b) Which point of the bar magnet attracts more iron filings? Why? 2. Magnetism Evaluation I. horse. needle 3. pins. ring magnet . magnetite. electric bulb 4. Lift. Magnets lose their properties when they are a) used b)stored c) hit with a hammer d) cleaned 6. How will you magnetize it ? 149 . An object that is attracted by magnet. Attraction. A freely suspended magnet always comes to rest in the _____________ direction a) North . escalator. It is a natural magnet a) Bar magnet b) Magnetite c) Ring magnet d) Horse-shoe magnet 2. illumination III. Bar magnet.west c) East . You are provided with a bar magnet without labelling the poles of the magnet and iron filings.south 5.west d) North . Circle the odd ones and give reasons . rubber tube . a) wooden piece b) plain pins c) eraser d) a piece of cloth 3. SCIENCE 1. Iron nail.shoe magnet 2. electromagnetic train. a) Indians b) Europeans c) Chinese d) Egyptians 4. Using this. Think and answer 1. repulsion. Choose the correct answer 1. pointing direction. Mariner’s compass is used to find the a) speed b) displacement c) direction d) motion II. The people who made mariner’s compass for the first time.east b) South . You are provided with an iron needle.

3. Explain the attraction and repulsion between magnetic poles. 2. What are artificial magnets? Draw some artificial magnets and name them and label the poles.org/wiki/magnetite 150 .5 3.com/science/magnetism. When does a magnet lose its magnetic property? V. identify the North pole and the South pole in the bar magnet (B) A B 4. Take a glass of water with a few pins inside. 4. laboratory and playground are located in your school. How will you take out the pins without putting your hands. principal's room. Chalk piece Substances Substances attracted by not attracted by magnets magnets Plain pins Let us think over With the help of your teacher find the direction in which the flagpole. By the property of attraction. Further Reference Websites: http://www.school-for-champions. Answer the following 1.Unit . Write the properties of magnets that you know.htm http://en. Two bar magnets are given in the figure A and B.wikipedia. Write down the names of substances. IV.

I did’ Student’s Activity Record Subject: Sl. ‘I can. Lesson Topic of the Date Activities Remarks No No. Lesson 151 .