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g]kfn /fhkq

g]kfn ;/sf/f/f k|sflzt


v08 ^^_ sf7df8f}+, sflQs @( ut], @)&# ;fn -cltl/Qmf !!

efu @
g]kfn ;/sf/
sfg"g, Gofo tyf ;+;bLo dfldnf dGqfno
g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f @(^ sf] pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhdsf]
Joj:yflksf;+;bn] agfPsf] tn n]lvP adf]lhdsf] P]g
;j{;fwf/0fsf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu k|sfzg ul/Psf] 5 .
;+jt\ @)&# sf] P]g g+= !%
g]kfn /fi6 a} P]g, @)%* nfO{ ;+zf]wg ug{ ag]sf] P]g
k|:tfjgfM g]kfn /fi6 a} P]g, @)%* nfO{ ;+zf]wg ug{ jf~5gLo
ePsf]n],
g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f @(^ sf] pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhdsf]
Joj:yflksf;+;bn] of] P]g agfPsf] 5 .
!= ;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De M -!_ o; P]gsf] gfd g]kfn /fi6 a}
-bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ P]g, @)&# /x]sf] 5 .
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-@_ of] P]g t'?Gt k|f/De x'g]5 .
@= g]kfn /fi6 a} P]g, @)%* sf] k|:tfjgfdf ;+zf]wg M g]kfn
/fi6 a} P]g, @)%* -o;kl5 d"n P]g elgPsf]_ sf]
k|:tfjgfdf /x]sf lbuf] ljsf;sf] lgldQ d"No l:y/tf sfod
ug{ / zf]wgfGt/ ;'b[9Ls/0f ug{sf nflu cfjZos df}lb|s tyf
ljb]zL ljlgdo gLlt lgdf{0f ug{, ;'/lIft, :j:y tyf ;Ifd
e'QmfgL k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug{, a}l tyf ljQLo k|0ffnLsf]
:j:y ljsf;sf] nflu pko'Qm lgodg, lg/LIf0f tyf
;'kl/j]If0f ug{ / d'n'ssf] ;du| a}l tyf ljQLo k|0ffnLk|lt
;j{;fwf/0fsf] ljZj;gLotf clej[l ug{sf] nflu eGg]
zAbx?sf] ;f lbuf] ljsf;df ;xof]u k'Ug] u/L d"No /
zf]wgfGt/ l:y/tf tyf ;du| ljQLo If]qsf] :yfloTj sfod
ug{sf] nflu eGg] zAbx? /flvPsf 5g\ .
#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @ sf] v08 -
n_ kl5 b]xfosf v08 -n!_ / -n@_ ylkPsf 5g\ M
-n!_ cbfnt eGgfn] g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf]
k/fdz{ lnO{ g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L
tf]lslbPsf] pRr cbfntsf] jfl0fHo Ohnfz
;Demg' k5{ .
-n@_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x eGgfn] bkmf **v= adf]lhd
u7g ePsf] ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x ;Demg' k5{ .
$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $ sf]
pkbkmf -!_ sf],
-!_ v08 -s_ sf] k|f/Dedf cfly{s :yfloTj / eGg]
zAbx? ylkPsf 5g\ .
-@_ v08 -v_ sf] ;f b]xfosf] v08 -v_ /flvPsf] 5 M
-v_ ljQLo ;]jfsf] kx'Fr clej[l4 / a}l tyf
ljQLo If]qsf] :yfloTj sfod u/L a}l
2
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
tyf ljQLo k|0ffnL k|lt ;j{;fwf/0fsf]
ljZj;gLotf clej[l4 ug{],
-#_ v08 -3_ / -_ lemlsPsf 5g\ .
%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf % df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf % sf] pkbkmf
-!_ sf] v08 -em_ kl5 b]xfosf] v08 -em!_ ylkPsf] 5 M
-em!_ t/ntf Joj:yfkgsf] lgldQ cfjZos pks/0fsf]
dfWodf/f v'nf ahf/ sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ug{],
^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #@ sf]
pkbkmf
-#_ lemlsPsf] 5 .
&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #$ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #$ sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf #$ /flvPsf] 5 M
#$= n]vfk/LIf0f ;ldlt M ;ldltn] cfkm"k|lt pQ/bfoL
x'g] u/L b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Pp6f n]vfk/LIf0f ;ldlt
u7g ug{]5 M
-s_ ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] Pshgf ;~rfns ;+of]hs
-v_ ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] ;DalGwt ljifosf]
lj1 Pshgf ;b:o
-u_ a}sf] cfGtl/s n]vfk/LIf0f ljefusf]
k|d'v ;b:o ;lrj
*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #( sf]
pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf Ps ca{ k}ofF eGg] zAbxsf] ;f
kfFr ca{ k}ofF eGg] zAbx /flvPsf 5g\ .
(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $) df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $) sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf $) /flvPsf] 5 M

3
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
$)= v'b cfo Joosf] u0fgf M -!_ a}n] k|To]s cfly{s
jif{df cfgf] cfo Joosf] ljj/0f tof/ ug{]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cfo Joosf] ljj/0f
tof/ ubf{ g]kfn n]vfdfg adf]lhd ug{' kg{]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -@_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP
tfklg g]kfn n]vfdfgdf ;dfj]z gePsf If]qx?sf]
xsdf cGt/f{li6o n]vf dfkb08nfO{ cfwf/sf] ?kdf
lng' kg{]5 .
-$_ cfo Joosf] ljj/0f tof/ ubf{ a}nfO{
k|fKt e};s]sf] cfo, a}n] Joxf]/]sf] jf Joxf]g{ afFsL
/x]sf] Joo / v'b d"Nofg cfo jf Joo ;dfof]hg
u/L v/fa jf zf:kb C0f tyf ;DklQsf] x|f; sL
Joj:yf 36fO{ v'b cfo olsg ug{' kg{]5 .
!)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $! df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $! sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf $! /flvPsf] 5 M
$!= v'b cfosf] afF8kmfF6M -!_ s'g} cfly{s jif{df a}n]
v'b cfo cfh{g u/]df To:tf] cfosf] afF8kmfF6 tyf
k|of]u b]xfo adf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5 M
-s_ v'b cfoaf6 k'gd{"Nofg gfkmf
a/fa/sf] /sdnfO{ k'gd{"Nofg
hu]8f sf]ifdf 5'ofO{ /fVg' kg{]5 .
-v_ v08 -s_ adf]lhdsf] /sd
5'ofPkl5 sfod x'g cfpg]
ljt/0fof]Uo v'b cfosf] kfFr
k|ltzt /sd df}ls bfloTj
sf]ifdf, bz k|ltztdf g36\g] u/L
;ldltn] tf]s]sf] /sd ;fwf/0f
hu]8f sf]ifdf, kfFr k|ltzt /sd
4
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
ljQLo :yfloTj sf]ifdf tyf
;ldltn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] /sd v'b
;l~rt art sf]ifdf /fVg' kg{]5 .
-u_ v08 -v_ adf]lhd /sd ljlgof]hg
ul/;s]kl5 ;ldltn] af+FsL artaf6
cGo sf]ifdf cfjZostf cg';f/
/sd ljlgof]hg u/L afFsL /xg
cfpg] /sd g]kfn ;/sf/df bflvnf
ug{' kg{]5 .
-3_ ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]ifdf /sd
5'6\ofpFbf a}sf] jflif{s ah]6df
pNn]v ePsf] k"FhLut vr{ ;d]tnfO{
vfDg] u/L yk /sd ljlgof]hg ug{'
kg{]5 .
-@_ ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]if / ;l~rt art
sf]ifsf] /sd a}sf] k"FhL j[l4 ug{sf nflu ;d]t
k|of]u ug{ ;lsg]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd sf]ifdf hfg]
/sd afx]s cGo /sdsf ;DaGwdf lgoddf
Joj:yf eP adf]lhd x'g]5 .
!!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $@ sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf $@ /flvPsf] 5 M
$@= v'b Joosf] afF8kmfF6M -!_ s'g} cfly{s jif{df a}sf]
cfosf] t'ngfdf Joo a9L ePsf] cj:yfdf a9L
ePsf] v'b Joo /sdnfO{ b]xfo adf]lhd afF8kmfF6
ug'{ kg]{5 M

5
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-s_ v'b Joodf k'gd{"Nofg cfo ;d]t ;dfj]z
ePdf k'gd{"Nofg cfonfO{ k'gd{"Nofg
hu]8f sf]ifdf /fVg' kg{]5 .
-v_ v'b Joodf k'gd{"Nofg Joo ;d]t ;dfj]z
ePsf] cj:yfdf k'gd{"Nofg JoonfO{
k'gd{"Nofg hu]8f sf]ifdf vr{ n]Vg' kg{]5 .
k'gd{"Nofg hu]8f sf]ifdf /x]sf] /sdeGbf
k'gd{"Nofg Joo a9L ePdf a9L ePsf]
Joo /sdnfO{ b]xfosf] sf]if tyf vftfdf
k|fyldstf qmddf vr{ n]lvg]5 M
-!_ ;l~rt art sf]ifdf hDdf /x]sf]
/sd;Dd ;l~rt art sf]ifdf,
-@_ pkv08 -!_ cg';f/ ;l~rt art
sf]ifdf ;dfof]hg kZrft\ Joo /sd
afFsL /x]df ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]ifdf, /
-#_ pkv08 -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd ;l~rt
art sf]if / ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]if
;dfof]hg kZrft\\ Joo /sd afFsL
/x]df k"FhL vftfdf .
-u_ v08 -s_ adf]lhdsf] k'gd{"Nofg cfo /
v08 -v_ adf]lhdsf] k'gd{"Nofg Joo
afx]ssf] ;~rfng tyf cGo JoonfO{
;l~rt art sf]ifdf vr{ n]Vg' kg]{5 .
-3_ ;l~rt art sf]ifdf hDdf /x]sf] /sd
eGbf Joo /sd a9L ePdf a9L Joo
/sdnfO{ b]xfosf] sf]if tyf vftfdf
k|fyldstf qmddf vr{ n]Vg' kg]{5 M

6
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-!_ ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]ifdf /x]sf]
/sd;Dd ;fwf/0f hu]8f sf]ifdf,
-@_ pkv08 -!_ adf]lhd ;fwf/0f
hu]8f sf]ifdf ;dfof]hg kZrft\
Joo /sd afFsL /x]df k"FhL
vftfdf,
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd Joosf] afF8kmfF6
ubf{ ;dfof]hg x'g g;s]sf] Joo g]kfn ;/sf/n]
Joxf]g{]5 .
!@= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $% df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $% sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf $% /flvPsf] 5 M
$%= v'nf ahf/ sf/f]af/ ;~rfng M -!_ a}n] ;Demf}tf
u/L g]kfn ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 hf/L u/]sf] C0fkq jf
a}n] hf/L u/]sf] jf tf]s]sf] C0fkq tTsfn vl/b
jf laqmL ug{] jf kl5 vl/b jf laqmL ug{] u/L v'nf
ahf/ sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ug{]5 .
-@_ a}n] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] v'nf
ahf/ sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ubf{ g]kfn ;/sf/sf
C0fkqx? jf a} cfkm}n] hf/L u/]sf C0fkqsf]
;'/If0fdf l/kr{]h Plu|d]06 jf l/e;{ l/kr{]h
Plu|d]06 u/L cNksfnLg t/ntf Joj:yfkgsf] sfo{
;d]t ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ a}n] v'nf ahf/ sf/f]af/ ;~rfngsf
nflu cGo pko'Qm pks/0f ;d]t hf/L ug{
;Sg]5 .

7
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
!#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $( sf],
-!_ pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf ^ dlxgfsf] nflu eGg]
zAbx?sf] ;f Ps jif{sf] nflu eGg] zAbx?
/flvPsf 5g\ .
-@_ pkbkmf -@_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#_ ylkPsf] 5 M
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd k|bfg ul/Psf] shf{
tf]lsP adf]lhdsf zt{x?sf] cwLgdf /xL yk Ps jif{sf
nflu gjLs/0f ug{ ;lsg]5 .
!$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf %( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %( sf] 7fFp
7fpFdf /x]sf tyf l;Ssf eGg] zAbx? lemlsPsf 5g\ .
!%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &( sf]
pkbkmf -$_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -$s_ ylkPsf] 5 M
-$s_ a}+n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cft+sjfbL
lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug]{ k|of]hgsf] nflu
jfl0fHo a}+ tyf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ u|fxs klxrfg / u|fxssf]
hf]lvd juL{s/0f tyf Joj:yfkg ug{], /sd :yfgfGt/0f,
lgIf]k nufotsf ;Ldf jf z+sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] ljj/0f
k|rlnt ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f ;DaGwL sfg"g adf]lhd
:yflkt ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{df pknAw u/fpg] ;DaGwdf
cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg ;Sg]5 .
!^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *$ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *$ sf]
pkbkmf -^_ sf] ;f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -^_ /flvPsf] 5 M
-^_ o; bkmf adf]lhd lg/LIf0f tyf ;'kl/j]If0f ug{]
clwsf/L jf ljz]if1n] cfkm"n] u/]sf] lg/LIf0f tyf
;'kl/j]If0fsf] k|ltj]bg tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq ueg{/ ;dIf k]z
ug{' kg{]5 .

8
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
!&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^v= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^v= sf]
v08 -5_ df /x]sf] vf/]hL -lnSjL8]zg_ eGg] zAb kl5 jf
km/kmf/s eGg] zAbx ylkPsf 5g\ .
!*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^u= df ;+zf]wgM d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^u= sf]
pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfnfO{ eGg] zAbx?sf] ;f To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] Joj:yfkg cfgf] lgoGq0fdf lnO{ jf ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a}+ jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;~rfns ;ldltnfO{ eGg]
zAbx? /flvPsf 5g\ .
!(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^r= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^r= sf]
pkbkmf -#_ sf] ;f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#_ /flvPsf] 5 M
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] Joj:yfkg k/LIf0f jf
n]vfk/LIf0f k|ltj]bg jf a}f/f lgo'Qm clwsf/Lsf]
k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df a}n] tf]s]sf] dfkb08sf] cwLgdf /xL
cfjZostf cg';f/ g]kfn lwtf]kq af]8{ / g]kfn rf6{8{
Psfp06]06 ;+:yfsf k|ltlglw tyf cGo afXo ljz]if1 ;d]t
;dfj]z u/L u7g ePsf] ;ldltn] lgwf{/0f ul/lbPsf] d"No
e'QmfgL kfpg] u/L s'g} z]o/wgLnfO{ lghsf] gfddf /x]sf]
z]o/sf] :jfldTj a}n] plrt 7x/fPsf] s'g} JolQmnfO{ laqmL,
ljt/0f tyf x:tfGt/0f ug{ ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L
cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 .
@)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^5= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^5= sf]
;f b]xfosf] bkmf *^5= /flvPsf] 5 M
*^5= km/kmf/sdf n}hfg ;Sg] M s'g} ;d:ofu|:t jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfpk/ bkmf *^u= adf]lhdsf]
sf/afxL rnfpFbf jf bkmf *^= adf]lhdsf]
;'wf/fTds pkfo cjnDag ubf{ jf bkmf *^r=
adf]lhdsf] pkrf/fTds sfo{ ubf{ ;d]t To:tf]
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfn] k"/f ug{' kg{] bfloTj
9
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
k'/f ug{ c;dy{ ePsf] jf /fd|f];Fu ;~rfng x'g
g;Sg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] s'/fdf a} ljZj:t ePdf
a}n] To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{
kl/R5]b (s= adf]lhd km/kmf/ssf] k|lqmofdf n}hfg]
lg0f{o ug{ ;Sg]5 .
@!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^h= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^h=
sf],
-!_ pkbkmf -@_ lemlsPsf] 5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -#_ df /x]sf] bfdf;fxLdf eGg] zAb kl5
jf km/kmf/vdf eGg] zAbx ylkPsf 5g\ .
@@= d"n P]gdf kl/R5]b(s= yk M d"n P]gsf] kl/R5]b( kl5
b]xfosf] kl/R5]b(s= ylkPsf] 5 M

kl/R5]b(s=
km/kmf/v ;DaGwL Joj:yf
**s= km/kmf/vsf] sfo{ ug{ ;Sg] a}sf] clwsf/ M -!_
a}n] b]xfosf] s'g} cj:yfdf s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ cfgf] lgoGq0fdf lnO{ km/kmf/vsf]
sfo{ cufl8 a9fpg ;Sg]5M
-s_ k"0f{ jf cf+lzs ?kdf cfgf]
bfloTj e'QmfgL ug{ g;s]df,
-v_ ;'kl/j]IfsLo ljZn]if0fsf cfwf/df
;f] ljZn]if0f ;DaGwL sfo{ ;dfKt
ePsf] ldltn] gAa]] lbgleq e'QmfgL
ug{' kg{] bfloTjx? k'/f ug{ g;Sg]
cj:yf ePdf,

10
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-u_ v'b ;DklQ eGbf bfloTj a9L
ePdf,
-3_ a}n] tf]s]sf ;a} k|sf/sf k"FhL
tyf sf]ifx?n] ;d]t vfDg g;Sg]
u/L 3f6fdf uPdf,
-_ a}n] bkmf *^5= adf]lhd
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf n}hfg] lg0f{o
u/]df .
-@_ s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf pk/
/x]sf] lgIf]kstf{ tyf ;'/lIft ;fx'sf] bfaLnfO{
km/kmf/v ug{] u/fpg] clwsf/ a}nfO{ dfq x'g]5 .
-#_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{ ubf{ nfu]sf] ;Dk"0f{ vr{
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ
laqmL u/L k|fKt /sdaf6 Joxf]l/g] 5 .
**v= ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] u7g ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_
bkmf **s= adf]lhd s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] km/kmf/vsf] sfo{ cufl8 a9fpg] lg0f{o
ePdf a}n] ;f] k|of]hgsf nflu tf]lsP adf]lhdsf]
of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx? dWo]af6 a9Ldf tLg hgf
JolQm /x]sf] ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x u7g u/L ;f]
dfkm{t ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{
cfgf] lgoGq0fdf lnO{ km/kmf/vsf] sfo{ cufl8
a9fpg ;Sg]5 .
-@_ a}n] ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf ;a} jf
s'g} ;b:osf] sfd ;Gtf]ifhgs gePdf lghnfO{
tf]lsP adf]lhd kbd'Qm ug{ ;Sg]5 .

11
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd kbd'Qm ug'{ cl3
lghnfO{ dgfl;a dflkmssf] ;do lbO{ ;'g'jfOsf]
df}sf lbg' kg]{5 .
-$_ a}n] km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{ ;DkGg
gx'Fb} ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf ;b:onfO{ kbd'Qm
u/]df ;f] :yfgdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf
JolQmnfO{ afFsL cjlwsf nflu lgo'Qm ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-%_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf ;b:osf]
kfl/>lds sfo{ ;Dkfbg;Fu cfa4 x'g] u/L tf]lsP
adf]lhd x'g]5 .
**u= ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] sfd, st{Jo tyf clwsf/ M
-!_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xnfO{ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a}
jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f;ef, ;~rfns ;ldlt,
k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t tyf cGo kbflwsf/Ln]
k|of]u ug{ kfpg] ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] cwLgdf /xL ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xnfO{ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] rn, crn ;DklQsf] Joj:yfkg ug{], s'g}
;DklQ tyf bfloTj km/kmf/s ug{] tyf ;f] jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf ;~rfng ug{] ;DaGwdf
b]xfosf clwsf/ x'g]5 M
-s_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] laqmL
x'g afFsL k'/} jf cflz+s z]o/ gofF
JolQmnfO{ laqmL ug{],
-v_ s'g} sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ug{ Pj+
k|0ffnLut b[li6sf]0fn] lgoldt ?kdf
;~rfng ug{ ;lsg] vf; sfo{ ug{
cGo s'g} ;+:yfnfO{ lhDdf lbg] jf
12
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
To:tf] sfo{ ;~rfng ug{sf] nflu
s]xL ;dosf] nflu 5'} k"n ;+:yf
-a|Lh OlGi6Ro";g_ jf OsfO :yfkgf
ug]{,
-u_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yf jf ;f] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] s'g} ;xfos sDkgLsf] s'g}
jf ;a} sf/f]af/ jf ;DklQ laqmL ug{],
-3_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] cGo s'g} JolQm jf ;+:yfdf
/x]sf] ;DklQ jf xs clwsf/ laqmL
ug{] .
-#_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xnfO{ km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmofdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf
;DaGwdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf] cGo clwsf/ ;d]t
x'g]5 M
-s_ km/kmf/vsf] sfd sf/afxL cufl8
a9fpg ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] cfkm"n]
cfjZos 7fg]sf sfuhft ;DalGwt
JolQmaf6 k]z ug{ nufpg],
-v_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfn] hf/L u/]sf z]o/ jf cGo
pks/0fsf] :jfldTj x:tfGt/0f ug{]
jf ug{ nufpg],
-u_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] lglZrt clwsf/, ;DklQ jf
bfloTj csf]{ JolQmdf x:tfGt/0f ug{],

13
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-3_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfn] hf/L u/]sf z]o/ jf cGo
pks/0fnfO{ vf/]h ug{],
-_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfn] hf/L u/]sf jf To;sf] s'g}
jf ;a} z]o/wgLn] wf/0f u/]sf] z]o/
jf cGo :jfldTj ;DaGwL pks/0f
tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] cfwf/df cGo s'g}
JolQmsf] gfddf gfd;f/L ug{],
-r_ cu|flwsf/ z]o/ jf k"FhL ;DaGwL
cGo pks/0f hf/L ug{],
-5_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] ;DklQ ;+/If0f / x]/rfx ug{
cfjZos b]lvPsf ;a} sbdx?
rfNg] .
-$_ o; bkmf adf]lhd jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{ ubf{ ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xn] b]xfosf] sfo{ ug{ cfjZos kg]{
5}g M
-s_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf /x]sf]
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf
z]o/wgL, lgIf]kstf{ jf ;fx'
nufotsf ;fj{hlgs jf lghL
If]qsf s'g} JolQmx?sf] k"j{
:jLs[lt lng,
-v_ o; kl/R5]bdf cGoyf pNn]v
ePsf]df afx]s s'g} JolQm, kmd{,

14
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
sDkgL jf ;+:yfnfO{ ;"lrt
ug{ .
-%_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] o; P]g
adf]lhdsf] km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{ k|f/De u/]sf]
Ps jif{leq ;DkGg ul/;Sg' kg{]5 .
t/ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ul//x]sf
km/kmf/s;Fu ;DalGwt s'g} sfo{ tf]lsPsf] ;dodf
;DkGg x'g g;s]df cfjZostf / cf}lrTotfsf]
cfwf/df a}n] ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] sfof{jlw yk
ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-^_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 b]xfosf
s'g} jf ;a} sfo{x? ;d]t ug{ ;Sg]5 M
-s_ lgIf]k ;+sng ug{] tyf s'g} klg shf{
k|bfg ug{] afx]s jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfn] ul//x]sf cGo sfd
sf/afxLnfO{ lg/Gt/tf k|bfg ug{,
-v_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfn]
ul/cfPsf s'g} sfd sf/afxL :ylut
jf aGb ug{,
-u_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ
lwtf] /fvL jf g/fvL shf{ lng,
-3_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
bfloTjsf] e'QmfgL /f]Sg jf ;f]sf nflu
;Ldf lgwf{/0f ug{,
-_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] nflu
cfjZos kbflwsf/L, sd{rf/L jf

15
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
Joj;flos ;Nnfxsf/nfO{ lgo'Qm ug{
jf avf{:t ug{,
-r_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] cfjZos 7fg]sf]
ljifodf 5nkmn tyf lg0f{o ug]{
k|of]hgsf] nflu lgIf]kstf{ tyf
;fx'x?sf] ;ef af]nfpg,
-5_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
gfdaf6 s'g} sfg"gL k|lt/Iff ug{, jf
-h_ km/kmf/v;Fu ;DalGwt cGo cfjZos
sfo{ ug{ jf u/fpg .
-&_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xnfO{ ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf tyf ;f]sf ;xfos
sDkgLsf] sfof{no, alxvftf, clen]v, ;DklQ tyf
;"rgf k|ljlw k|0ffnL dfly kxF'r /fVg] tyf lgoGq0f
ug{] k"0f{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .
-*_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] cfgf]
lgoGq0fdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] k"/}
jf d'Vo ;DklQ cGo s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfdf ufEg] jf csf]{ s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] ;DklQ k|fKt u/L Ps cfk;df ufleg
pko'Qm 7fg]df ;f] ;DaGwdf k|rlnt sfg"g
adf]lhd k|:tfj ;lxtsf] lgj]bg a}df k]z ug{'
kg{]5 . o;/L k|:tfj ;lxtsf] lgj]bg k|fKt ePkl5
a}n] To:tf] lgj]bgnfO{ :jLsf/ jf c:jLsf/ ug{]
;DaGwL lg0f{o lng' kg{]5 .
-(_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ljQLo
l:yltsf cfwf/df pknAw /sddWo] km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmofdf nfUg] cg'dflgt vr{ tyf k|rlnt sfg"g
16
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
adf]lhdsf cGo vr{sf nflu cfjZos kg{ ;Sg]
/sdsf] ljj/0f tof/ u/L kl/kSj e};s]sf] lgIf]k
bfloTjsf] e'QmfgL ug{ pknJw x'g ;Sg] /sd
dWo]af6 ;f] bfloTj afktsf] /sd Ps}k6s jf
ls:tfaGbLdf lkmtf{ ug{] jf e'QmfgL ug{] Joj:yf
ldnfpg' kg{]5 . o;/L e'QmfgL ubf{ Ps} ju{sf
lgIf]kstf{ tyf ;fx'x?nfO{ ;dfg Jojxf/ ug{'
kg{]5 .
-!)_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf
pk/ lgIf]kstf{ / ;fx'n] k]z u/]sf bfaLsf] j}wtf
lgwf{/0f, bfaL e'QmfgL, bfloTj lgwf{/0f tyf u|fxssf]
JolQmut ;DklQ lkmtf{ ug{] ;DaGwL sfo{ljlw tf]lsP
adf]lhd x'g]5 .
-!!_ k|rlnt sfg"gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ laqmL ubf{ tf]lsP
adf]lhdsf cfwf/df Go"gtd d"No lgwf{/0f u/L
lnnfd, l;naGbL k|:tfj, jftf{ h:tf Ps jf
PseGbf a9L tl/sfaf6 kf/bzL{ / Joj;flos
b[li6sf]0f /fvL laqmL ug{ ;Sg]]5 .
-!@_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ljQLo ljj/0f, ;f] ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ
laqmLsf] of]hgf / ;f] ;DaGwdf cfgf] b[li6sf]0f, ;f]
;+:yfsf] bfloTjsf] k"jf{g'dfg jf ;f]sf] e'QmfgLsf]
tl/sf, ;DklQsf] jf:tljs x:tfGt/0f / bfloTjsf]
cg'dfg ;lxtsf] ljj/0f tf]lsP adf]lhd ;do
;dodf a} ;dIf k]z ug{' kg{]5 .
-!#_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] gofF z]o/ hf/L ug{,
17
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
;DklQ laqmL ug{, lwtf]klqs/0f -;]So"l/6fOh]zg_
sf] nflu ;DklQ PsLs[t ug{, bfloTjsf] k"jf{g'dfg
ug{] Joj:yf ug{ jf To:tf sfo{x?sf] Joj:yfkg
ug{ cfjZos 7fg]df k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd ;DklQ
Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL sfo{ ug{ :yflkt s'g} lgsfo jf
sDkgLnfO{ ;f] sfo{ ug{] lhDdf lbg ;Sg]5 . To:tf
lgsfo jf sDkgLnfO{ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] lgliqmo shf{, d"Nofg ug{ sl7g
;DklQ tyf bfloTj laqmL ug{] clwsf/ ;d]t
x:tfGt/0f ug{ ;Sg]5 .
**3= km/kmf/vsf] cjlwe/ clwsf/ :jtM lgnDag x'g] M
-!_ km/kmf/ssf] k|lqmofdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf ;~rfns, k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t /
cGo kbflwsf/Lsf] clwsf/ km/kmf/vsf] cjlwe/
:jtM lgnDag x'g]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] tf]s]sf sfo{x?
ug{sf] nflu ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf ;~rfns, k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t tyf
cGo kbflwsf/Lx?dWo] ;a} jf s;}sf] lgnDag
km's'jf u/L km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfddf v6fpg
;Sg]5 .
-#_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] pkbkmf -@_
adf]lhd sfddf vl6g lbPsf] lgb{]zgsf] kfngf
gug{] JolQmnfO{ s'g} klg ;dodf avf{:t ug{
;Sg]5 .
-$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd avf{:t ePsf]
JolQmn] To:tf] a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfaf6 s'g}
kfl/>lds tyf ;'ljwf kfpg] 5}g .
18
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
**= km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{sf] ;"rgf / btf{ M -!_ ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{ k|f/De
u/]sf] b'O{ lbgleq b]xfosf] ljj/0f ;lxtsf] ;"rgf
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] k|To]s
sfof{nonfO{ lbg' kg{]5 M
-s_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfnfO{ cfkm"n] lgoGq0fdf lnO{
sfd z'? u/]sf] ldlt / ;do,
-v_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] cfly{s sf/f]af/ ug{] jf
;f]sf] Joj:yfkg ug{] jf ;f]
;DaGwL lgb{]zg lbg] ;fljssf]
clVtof/ k|fKt JolQmsf] clVtof/L
tyf lhDd]jf/L vf/]h ul/Psf]
Joxf]/f,
-u_ lgIf]kstf{n] ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a}
jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf /x]sf] cfgf]
lgIf]k / tf]lsPsf] aLdf tyf
;'/If0f /sdeGbf a9L /x]sf] cfgf]
bfaL k|:t't ug{] tl/sf, ;do /
:yfg,
-3_ lgIf]kstf{n] aLdf / ;'/If0f ePsf]
cfgf] lgIf]k lkmtf{ kfpg] tl/sf,
;do / :yfg, /
-_ ;'/lIft ;fx'n] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfaf6 k|fKt ug{'kg{] bfaL
k|:t't ug{] tl/sf, ;do / :yfg .

19
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf ljj/0f ;lxtsf]
;"rgf ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf
;/f]sf/jfnfn] hfgsf/L k|fKt ug{] u/L ;fj{hlgs
?kdf k|sfzg ug{' kg{]5 . o:tf] ;"rgfnfO{ k|To]s
xKtf k|sfzg x'g] u/L rf/ xKtf;Dd /fli6o b}lgs
klqsfdf ;d]t k|sfzg ug{' kg{]5 .
-#_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf
uPsf] cj:yf / ;f] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
clVtof/ k|fKt clwsf/L tyf lghsf] clVtof/Ldf
ePsf] kl/jt{g ;DaGwL hfgsf/L a}, sDkgL
/lhi6f/sf] sfof{no, ;DalGwt lwtf]kq ljlgd]o
ahf/ / k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd lgIf]k ;'/If0f ug{
:yflkt ;+:yf / cGo ;DalGwt lgsfodf ;d]t
clen]vsf nflu k7fpg' kg{]5 .
**r= gofF jf;nft tof/ ug{' kg]{ M -!_ ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"xn] bkmf **s= adf]lhd km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf
uPsf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] jf:tljs
ljQLo l:ylt b]lvg] u/L b]xfosf cfwf/df gofF
jf;nft tof/ ug{' kg{]5 M
-s_ ;DklQsf] v'b k|fKt x'g] d"Nosf]
cfwf/df,
-v_ bkmf **em= adf]lhd
k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ljt/0f
ug{' kg{] bfloTjsf] d"NonfO{
;d]t ;dfof]hg u/]/ .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd gofF jf;nft
tof/ ubf{ bfloTj lgwf{/0f ug]{ tl/sf tf]lsP
adf]lhd x'g]5 .
20
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd tof/ ul/Psf]
jf;nft / ;f] ;DaGwL lj:t[t ljj/0f a} ;dIf
tf]lsP adf]lhd k]z ug{' kg{]5 .
**5= jfl0fHo a}s jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ljQLo l:ylt
;'wf/sf] nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ ;Sg] M -!_ o; kl/R5]b
adf]lhd s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
;DaGwdf z'? ePsf] km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof ;DkGg
ubf{ ;du| ljQLo :yfloTj jf k|0ffnLdf gsf/fTds
c;/ kg{] b]lvPdf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;f]xL
Joxf]/f pNn]v u/L ;f] cj:yf l;h{gf x'g glbgsf
nflu To:tf] ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ tyf bfloTjsf] cj:yf
;d]t ;dfj]z u/L eljiodf rfNg' kg{] sbd
;lxtsf] k|ltj]bg tof/ u/L a} ;dIf k]z ug{'
kg{]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k|ltj]bg k|fKt
ePkl5 a}n] To:tf] jfl0fHo a}+ jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
km/kmf/v ubf{ ;du| ljQLo :yfloTj jf k|0ffnLdf
gsf/fTds c;/ kg{] b]lvg cfPdf / g]kfn ;/sf/n]
To:tf] jfl0fHo a}+ jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf nufgL u/]df
ljQLo l:ylt ;'wf/ x'g ;Sg] cj:yf b]lvPdf a}n]
cfgf] /fo ;lxt ;f]xL Joxf]/f g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf
l;kmfl/; ug{]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd a}sf] l;kmfl/;df
g]kfn ;/sf/n] s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf
nufgL u/L To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
ljQLo l:ylt ;'wf/ ePdf ;'wf/ ePsf] ldltn]
a9Ldf kfFr jif{leq af]nsaf]nsf] dfWodf/f g]kfn
;/sf/n] cfgf] nufgL ePsf] /sd lghL If]qnfO{
laqmL u/L p7fpg' kg]{5 .
21
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
**h= k'n ;+:yf -a|Lh OlGi6Ro";g_ jf PsfO :yfkgf ug{
;lsg] M -!_ bkmf **u= sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -
v_ adf]lhd k'n ;+:yf jf PsfO :yfkgf u/L jf
tf]sL km/kmf/s ;DaGwL sfo{ ;~rfng ug{ pko'Qm
x'g] b]lvPdf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] a} ;dIf
cg'/f]w ug{ ;Sg]5 . To:tf] cg'/f]w dgfl;a b]lvPdf
a}n] To:tf] k'n ;+:yf jf OsfO :yfkgf u/L jf
tf]sL km/kmf/s ;DaGwL sfo{ ug{ cg'dlt lbg
;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd :yflkt ;+:yf jf
PsfOnfO{ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
clwsf/, bfloTj, ;DklQ tyf To:tf] ;+:yfn] k|fKt
u/]sf] s'g} e'QmfgL, ;dfzf]wg jf km5\of}{6 k|0ffnLsf]
;b:otf ;d]t /x]sf] dflgg]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd :yflkt ;+:yf jf
PsfOsf z]o/wgL, ;fx' jf s'g} cGo JolQmnfO{
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ jf
clwsf/df s'g} lsl;dsf] clwsf/ x'g] 5}g .
-$_ k'n ;+:yf jf PsfOsf] sfd, st{Jo /
clwsf/ tyf To:tf] ;+:yf jf PsfOsf kbflwsf/Ln]
kfpg] kfl/>lds / ;'ljwf a}n] tf]s] adf]lhd
x'g]5 .
-%_ k'n ;+:yf jf PsfO{ jf cGo s'g}
;+:yfdf ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
;DklQ tyf bfloTj x:tfGt/0f ug{sf nflu
b]xfosf] s'g} s'/f cfjZos kg{] 5}g M
-s_ ;fx' jf s'g} ;Da4 kIfsf] ;xdlt lng,

22
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-v_ k|rlnt sDkgL tyf lwtf]kq ;DaGwL
sfg"gn] tf]s]sf] k|lqmof k"/f ug{, jf
-u_ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf
kIf /x]sf] s'g} s/f/df tf]lsPsf]
k|lqmof k"/f ug{ .
**em= e'QmfgLsf] k|fyldstfqmd M -!_ km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmofdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
;DklQ laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sd lgIf]kstf{, ;fx' /
ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] d"Nofg u/L e'QmfgL ug'{ kg]{
b]lvPsf cGo JolQmx?nfO{ e'QmfgL ug{] tyf /sd
5'6\ofpg] sfo{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] k|fyldstfsf
cfwf/df ug{' kg{]5 M
-s_ o; P]gsf] Joj:yfsf] sfof{Gjogsf
nflu a} tyf ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"xn] u/]sf vr{, sd{rf/Lsf]
kfl/>lds / ;'ljwf afktsf] vr{,
;f] ;DaGwdf sfddf nufOPsf
k]zfut Joj;foLsf] z'Ns tyf
cGo ;Da4 vr{ nufot
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf u/]sf]
cfjZos vr{,
-v_ lgIf]kstf{sf] s'n :jLs[t bfaL
/sdsf] ;Ldfdf ga9\g] u/L k|rlnt
sfg"g adf]lhd ePsf lgIf]k aLdf
;'/If0f ;Ddsf] /sd jf To:tf]
lgIf]k /sd sfg"g adf]lhd :yfkgf
ePsf] lgIf]k aLdf ;'/If0f ug{]
;+:yfn] lgIf]kstf{nfO{ e'QmfgL
u/]sf] eP ;f] a/fa/sf] /sd,
23
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-u_ v08 -v_ adf]lhd e'QmfgL eO{
afFsL x'g cfPsf] lgIf]k,
-3_ sfg"g adf]lhd ;'/lIft ;fx'sf]
?kdf dfGotf k|fKt JolQmx?sf]
:jLs[t bfaL .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df plNnlvt qmd cg';f/
e'QmfgL ubf{ s'g} ju{sf] :jLs[t bfaLsf] /sd
e'QmfgL ug{ ckof{Kt ePdf ;dfg ju{sf
bfaLstf{x?nfO{ ;dfg'kflts ?kdf /sd ljt/0f ug{'
kg{]5 .
-#_ lgIf]kstf{ jf ;'/lIft ;fx'x?nfO{
bfaLsf] e'QmfgL ubf{ /fli6otf, a;f]af;sf] :yfg jf
If]qflwsf/ h:tf s'g} klg cfwf/df e]befj gu/L
;dfg ?kn] e'QmfgL ug{' kg{]5 .
-$_ ;dod} bfaL k]z ug{] ;'/lIft ;fx'x?sf]
:jLs[t bfaL ;'/If0fdf /x]sf] ;DklQsf] laqmLaf6
k|fKt /sdn] vfd];Dd klxnf] k|fyldstfdf /fvL
e'QmfgL ug{' kg{]5 . To:tf] ;'/If0fn] gvfd]sf] bfaL
cGo ;fx'x?sf] bfaL ;/x x'g]5 .
-%_ bkmf **7= sf] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd
l;h{gf x'g ;Sg] cfly{s Ifltk"lt{ ;DaGwL bfloTj
axg ug{] k|of]hgsf nflu ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn]
To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ
laqmLaf6 k|fKt ePsf] /sdsf] b'O{ k|ltzt /sd 5'}
vftf v8f u/L hDdf ug{' kg{]5 .
-^_ lgIf]kstf{ tyf ;'/lIft ;fx'x?nfO{
e'QmfgL u/L pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd /sd 5'6\ofOPkl5
afFsL x'g cfpg] /sd k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd ltg{'
24
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
a'emfpg' kg{] s/, b:t'/, z'Ns ;f] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] cGo ;fx' jf :jLs[t bfaLstf{x?
tyf z]o/wgL jf cGo k|sf/n] :jfldTj u|x0f u/]sf
JolQmx?nfO{ bkmf **0f= sf] pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd
lgo'Qm lnlSj8]6/n] k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd
tf]lsPsf] k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ;dfg'kflts
?kdf ljt/0f ug{' kg{]5 .
**`= ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf
lgoGq0fdf lnPkl5sf] c;/ M -!_ ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"xn] s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf cfgf]
lgoGq0fdf lnPkl5 bkmf **em= adf]lhd e'QmfgL
k|fKt ug{ g;Sg] ;f] ;+:yfsf lgIf]kstf{ tyf
;fx'x?sf] bfaL / s'g} n]gfsf] ;DaGwdf pQm
;+:yfsf] ;DklQ dflysf] clwsf/ sfod ug{] s'g}
klg sfo{ :jtM :yug x'g]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg ;dfzf]wg, e'QmfgL / km5\of}{6 k|0ffnLdf
;+nUg JolQm;F+usf] sf/f]af/ tyf ;DklQ x:tfGt/0f
;DaGwL sfo{ / km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof;Fu ;DalGwt
gePsf sfd s'/fx? :yug ePsf] dflgg] 5}g .
-#_ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf n}hfg] k|of]hgsf] nflu ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"x u7g x'g'eGbf 5 dlxgf cufj} To:tf]
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf pk/ s'g} bfloTj jf
;'/If0fsf] clwsf/ l;h{gf ePsf]df afx]s To:tf]
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] s'g} ;DklQ, bfloTj
jf ;'/If0f pk/ s;}sf] clwsf/ l;h{gf ePsf]
dflgg] 5}g .

25
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-$_ pkbkmf -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg km/kmf/ssf] k|lqmof rln/x]sf] jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DklQdfly ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"xn] l;h{gf u/]sf] s'g} k|sf/sf] bfloTj jf
;'/If0fnfO{ afwf k'ofPsf] dflgg] 5}g .
-%_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x u7g ePkl5
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] z]o/wgL
jf cGo s'g} k|sf/sf] :jfldTj /x]sf JolQmsf]
;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof ;dfKt
geP;Dd :jtM lgliqmo x'g]5 .
-^_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x u7g eO{
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] xsdf lwtf]kq ;DaGwL k|rlnt sfg"gdf
/x]sf Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .
**6= km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sf/afxL k|f/De x'g'eGbf klxn]sf
sf/afxL lgliqmo x'g] M -!_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn]
b]xfosf] cj:yfdf jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
;DklQdf k|efj kfg{] sf/f]af/ jf t];|f] kIf;Fu
;DalGwt x:tfGt/0fnfO{ lgliqmo ug{ ;Sg]5 M
-s_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof z'? x'g' cufj}
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf lgIf]kstf{ jf ;fx'sf] lxt
ljk/Lt x'g] u/L u/]sf sf/f]af/ jf
;Demf}tfx?,
-v_ km/kmf/ssf] k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn]
kfFr jif{ cufl8;Dd s'g} z]o/wgL,
;~rfns, kbflwsf/L jf ltgsf
gft]bf/x?nfO{ jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo

26
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
;+:yfn] lagf d"No u/]sf s'g} klg
x:tfGt/0fx?,
-u_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn]
tLg jif{ cufl8;Dd s'g} t];|f] kIfnfO{
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfn] lagf
d"No u/]sf s'g} klg x:tfGt/0fx?,
-3_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn]
tLg jif{ cufl8;Dd jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfn] t'ngfTds ?kdf sd
k|ltkmn k|fKt ug{] jf csf]{ kIfnfO{ a9L
k|ltkmn lbg] lsl;dn] ;DkGg u/]sf
sf/f]af/x?,
-_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn]
kfFr jif{ cufl8;Dd jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf lgIf]kstf{sf] lxt
ljk/Lt x'g] jf clwsf/ xgg\ x'g] u/L
ul/Psf] s'g} sfo{,
-r_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn]
5 dlxgf cufl8;Dd ;DalGwt jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfn] e'QmfgL ug{' kg{]
shf{ afkt s'g} JolQmnfO{ kmfO{bf
k'ofpg] p2]Zon] jf vf/]hLsf] k|lqmofdf
;fx'n] k|fKt ug{] /sd a9fpg] p2]Zon]
lghsf] gfddf ePsf] ;DklQ
x:tfGt/0f .
t/ k|lt lgIf]k ladf /
;'/If0fn] vfd];Ddsf] /sd ggfg] u/L
ul/Psf] lgIf]k afktsf] e'QmfgLsf

27
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
;DaGwdf of] v08sf] Joj:yf cfslif{t
x'g] 5}g .
-@_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmof z'? ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{ cufl8;Dd
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;~rfns,
kbflwsf/L jf lghsf glhssf] gft]bf/;Fu ;+:yfsf]
lgIf]kstf{ tyf ;fx'sf] lxt ljk/Lt x'g] u/L ul/Psf
sf/f]af/ ab/ ug{ jf ltgLx?af6 ;f] afktsf] /sd
c;'n ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g;'s} s'/f
n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfn] cfgf] ;fdfGo sf/f]af/sf]
l;nl;nfdf u/]sf jf plrt / kof{Kt d"No cfbfg
k|bfg ePsf jf To:tf] ;+:yf km/kmf/vdf hfg'
cufl8;Dd e'QmfgL gePsf sf/f]af/nfO{ ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xn] ab/ ug{] 5}g .
-$_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd ab/
ul/Psf sf/f]af/ jf x:tfGt/0faf6 ;DklQ k|fKt
ug{] JolQmn] To:tf] ;DklQ cljnDa lkmtf{ ug{' kg{]5
. ;DklQ k|fKt ug]{ JolQm;Fu To:tf] ;DklQ g/x]sf]
cj:yfdf ;f] ;DklQsf] d"No a/fa/sf] /sd
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf hDdf ug{'
kg{]5 . s'g} unt dg;fon] To:tf] sf/f]af/ ug{] tyf
sf/f]af/ ab/ ePkl5 ;DklQ jf ;f] a/fa/sf] d"No
;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf cljnDa
lkmtf{ gug{] JolQmsf] xsdf lgh pk/ ;'/lIft ;fx'
;/x bfaL sfod /xg]5 .
-%_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;DalGwt
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfaf6 c:jefljs kn]
28
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
sd d"Nodf s'g} JolQmnfO{ x:tfGt/0f eO{ To:tf]
JolQmaf6 ;d]t t];|f] kIfdf x:tfGt/0f ePsf] s'g}
;DklQsf] xsdf ;f]sf] nfut d"No lbO{ lkmt{f lng
;Sg]5 .
-^_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmof ;~rfng ubf{ s'g} klg lsl;dsf] rn crn
;DklQ jf xs x:tfGt/0f ug{ ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{
n]vL k7fpg ;Sg]5 . o;/L ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn]
n]vL k7fPsf]df ;DalGwt lgsfon] To:tf] rn
crn ;DklQ jf xs ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] gfddf bflvn vf/]h jf x:tfGt/0f
ul/lbg' kg{]5 .
-&_ s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf
km/kmf/vsf] nflu ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x u7g eO{
k|lqmofdf /x]sf] cj:yfdf s;}n] ;f] cufj} k|bfg
u/]sf ljB't, kfgL, 6]lnkmf]g, 3/hUuf, ;jf/L ;fwg
h:tf cGo j:t' tyf ;]jf afktsf] /sd k|fKt
gu/]sf] sf/0fn] dfq To:tf] j:t' tyf ;]jf aGb ug{
u/fpg x'Fb}g . To;/L k|fKt j:t' tyf ;]jfsf]
e'QmfgLsf] xsdf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmofdf hfg' cl3 sfod /x]sf] jSof}tf /sd
;DalGwt ;]jf k|bfosnfO{ e'QmfgL ug{' kg{]5 .
**7= km/kmf/v ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf M -!_ k|rlnt
sfg"gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yf;Fu ;DalGwt ;a} bfaLx?sf ;DaGwdf o;} P]g
adf]lhd x'g]5 .
-@_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] kx'Fr /
lgoGq0fsf] clwsf/df s;}n] afwf cj/f]w, bvn jf
29
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
x:tIf]k ug{' u/fpg' xF'b}g . s;}n] To:tf] sfo{ u/]
u/fPdf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] ;DalGwt k|zf;g jf
k|x/LnfO{ cfjZos ;xof]usf] nflu cg'/f]w ug{
;Sg]5 . To;/L cg'/f]w eO{ cfPdf ;DalGwt
lgsfon] cfjZos ;'/Iffsf] Joj:yf u/L To:tf]
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] sfof{no, ;DklQ,
clen]v, alxvftf / ;"rgf k|ljlw k|0ffnL dfly
ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] kx'Fr / lgoGq0f sfod ug{
;xof]u ug{' kg{]5 .
-#_ o; kl/R5]b adf]lhd ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"x jf a}n] u/]sf] sfd sf/afxLdf dsf{ kg{] s'g}
kIfn] Ifltk"lt{sf] nflu ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] a}df
k|ltj]bg k]z u/]sf] jf s'g} sf/0fn] ljz]if k|zf;g
;d"x lj36g ePsf]df lj36g ePsf] ldltn] ;f7L
lbgleq cbfnt ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .
-$_ cbfntn] b]xfosf] cj:yfdf dsf{ kg{]
kIfnfO{ dgfl;a dflkmssf] cfly{s Ifltk"lt{ e/fO{
lbg ;Sg]5 M
-s_ km/kmf/ssf] qmddf clwsf/ If]q
gf3L u/]sf] s'g} sfd sf/afxL
ePsf]df,
-v_ o; P]g adf]lhd km/kmf/vsf]
k|lqmof k"/f gu/]sf]df,
-u_ km/kmf/ssf] sf/afxL ubf{ kof{Kt
cfwf/ / sf/0f lagf u/]sf]df .
-%_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] o; P]g adf]lhd
cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/sf] k|of]u ubf{ kf/bzL{ Pj+

30
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
Gofof]lrt tj/n] ;DalGwt lgIf]kstf{ tyf cGo
bfaLstf{sf] lxt x'g] u/L ug{' kg{]5 .
-^_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofsf] l;nl;nfdf a}
jf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] k|ltlglwTj ug{] jf
lghnfO{ ;xof]u ug{] JolQmn] k|fKt ug{] kfl/>lds
tyf ;'ljwf a}n] lgw{f/0f u/] adf]lhd x'g]5 .
-&_ km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofnfO{ ;xof]u k'Ug]
u/L a} jf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog
ug{] l;nl;nfdf ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf ;~rfns tyf kbflwsf/Ln] u/]sf] s'g}
sfo{sf lj?4df s'g} lgIf]kstf{, z]o/wgL jf ;fx'n]
s'g} lsl;dsf] d'2f dfldnf ug{ kfpg] 5}g .
-*_ k|rlnt sfg"gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg a}n] s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]
km/kmf/v k|lqmofsf] ;DaGwdf ;f] ;+:yf;Fu
;DalGwt ;"rgf Pj+ ljj/0fx? s'g} ;/sf/L jf
lghL If]qsf] s'g} JolQm, kmd{, sDkgL jf ;+:yfaf6
k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5 . a}n] cfb]z lbPdf s'g} jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] d'Vo Joj:yfksLo ;"rgf,
k|ljlw /xg] :yfg tyf ;f] ;+:yfn] ug{] ;+j]bgzLn
Pj+ d'Vo sfo{ ;lxtsf] ljj/0f a} ;dIf k]z ug{'
kg{]5 . To;/L a}n] dfu]sf] s'g} klg ;"rgf k|bfg
ug{' ;DalGwt JolQm, kmd{, sDkgL jf ;+:yfsf]
st{Jo x'g]5 .
**8= km/kmf/v ;DaGwL sfo{sf] clGtd ljj/0f k]z ug{'
kg{] M -!_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/v ;DaGwL
sfo{ ;DkGg u/]kl5 jf To:tf] ;d"xsf] Dofb ;dfKt
ePkl5 jf s'g} sf/0fn] ;f] ;d"x lj36g ePsf]
kG lbgleq lghn] cfkm"n] ;DkGg u/]sf] sfd
31
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
sf/afxL Pj+ ;DalGwt jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] cfDbfgL / vr{sf] ljj/0f, ljQLo
sf/f]af/sf] >f]t Pj+ ;f]sf] pkof]u ;DaGwL ljj/0f
nufot afFsL ;DklQ / bfloTjsf] ljj/0f tof/ u/L
k/LIf0f u/fO{ ;f] ;d]t ;dfj]z ul/Psf] k|ltj]bg
a} ;dIf k]z ug{' kg{]5 . To:tf] k|ltj]bgdf ;f]
;+:yfsf ;Gbe{df eljiodf a}n] rfNg' kg{]
sbdx?sf] ;DaGwdf cfjZos ;'emfj ;d]t
;dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|ltj]bg k|fKt
ePkl5 a}n] ;f] k|ltj]bgdf plNnlvt ;'emfj
;d]tnfO{ ljrf/ u/L bkmf **5= adf]lhd pQm
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;~rfngsf] Joj:yf
ldnfpg] jf bkmf **0f= adf]lhd vf/]hLsf] nflu
cbfntdf lgj]bg lbg] ljifodf cfjZos lg0f{o ug'{
kg]{5 .
**9= kf/:kl/s ;xof]usf] cfbfg k|bfg ug{] M -!_ ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xn] a}sf] k"j{ :jLs[lt lnO{ s'g} jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof cufl8
a9fpg] l;nl;nfdf ljb]zL d'n'ssf] ;DalGwt
lgsfo;Fu cfjZostf cg';f/ ;xof]usf nflu
cg'/f]w ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] s'g} jfl0fHo a}
jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofsf ;DaGwdf
a}sf] k"j{ :jLs[lt lnO{ csf]{ d'n'sdf eO/x]sf]
sf/afxLnfO{ kf/:kl/stfsf] cfwf/df ;xof]u ug{ jf
csf]{ d'n'ssf] clwsf/ k|fKt lgsfon] ul//x]sf] sfd
sf/afxLnfO{ dfGotf k|bfg ug]{ u/L cfjZos
sf/afxL cufl8 a9fpg ;Sg]5 . o:tf] ;xof]u ubf{
32
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
jf sfd sf/afxLnfO{ dfGotf k|bfg ubf{
bfaLstf{x?nfO{ ;dfg Jojxf/ ug{' kg{]5 .
-#_ uf]kgLotf sfod ug{' kg{] tyf
;+j]bgzLn tYofx?sf] ;'/Iff ug{' kg{] cj:yfdf
afx]s ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"xn] km/kmf/ssf] k|lqmofdf
/x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] n]gf c;'nL,
km/kmf/v of]hgf cflbsf ljifodf a}sf] k"j{
:jLs[lt lnO{ ljb]zL d'n'ssf] ;DalGwt lgsfo;Fu
;"rgf cfbfg k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-$_ g]kfndf :yflkt eO{ ljb]zdf ;d]t
zfvf jf sfof{no /x]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yf jf ljb]zL d'n'sdf :yfkgf eO{ g]kfndf zfvf
jf sfof{no /x]sf] s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] km/kmf/vsf ;DaGwdf a} tyf lgIf]k
aLdf ;'/If0f ug{] ;+:yfn] ;d]t Ps cfk;df
;dGjo / ;xof]u cfbfg k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
-%_ a} tyf lgIf]k ladf ;'/If0f ug{]
;+:yfn] ljb]zL d'n'ssf ;DalGwt lgsfon] ul//x]sf]
km/kmf/v tyf ;f]sf] of]hgfsf ;DaGwdf cfk;L
;Demf}tf u/L km/kmf/vdf k/]sf] jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;DaGwdf k|efj kfg{] s'g} 36gf jf
;d:ofsf] af/]df s'g} hfgsf/L jf ;xof]u dfu
u/]sf]df To:tf] hfgsf/L jf ;xof]u cfbfg k|bfg
ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
-^_ o; bkmf adf]lhd kf/:kl/stfsf]
cfwf/df ljb]zL d'n'ssf] s]GLo a}, jfl0fHo a}
jf ljQLo ;+:yf jf lgIf]k aLdf ;'/If0f ug{]
;+:yf;Fu s'g} ;xof]u lng'kbf{ jf ;dGjo ug{'kbf{
;/sf/L :t/af6} To:tf] ;xof]u tyf ;dGjo
33
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
cfjZos k/]df ;f] ;DaGwdf cfjZos Joj:yf
ldnfO{ lbg a}n] g]kfn ;/sf/;dIf l;kmfl/;
ug]{5 .
**0f= vf/]hLsf] nflu lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]M -!_ a}n] s'g} klg
jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf ;DaGwdf z'? u/]sf]
km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmof ;dfKt ePdf jf cGo s'g}
sf/0fn] ;f] k|lqmof ;DkGg gxF'b} ;f] ;DaGwdf ljz]if
k|zf;g ;d"xn] lbPsf] ;'emfj jf cGo cfwf/df
;d]t To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf /fd|f];Fu
;~rfng x'g g;Sg] eGg] s'/fdf a} ljZj:t ePdf
To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ vf/]h
ug{sf nflu cbfnt ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd a}n] vf/]hLsf]
nflu lgj]bg lbPsf]df To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo
;+:yfsf] vf/]hLsf] ;DaGwdf bfdf;fxL ;DaGwL P]g,
@)^# sf] bkmf !) sf] pkbkmf -#_ / bkmf !# nfu"
x'g] 5}g .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd a}n] lgj]bg
lbPsf]df To:tf] jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yf
vf/]hLsf] nflu cbfntn] lnlSj8]6/ lgo'Qm ug{]
cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 .
@#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf () df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf () sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf () /flvPsf] 5 M
()= n]vf k|0ffnL M -!_ a}n] g]kfn n]vfdfg cg';f/sf]
n]vf k|0ffnL cg'?k sf/f]af/ / ljQLo cj:yf :ki6
b]lvg] u/L cfgf] cfo Joosf] ljj/0f b'?:t /fVg'
kg{]5 .

34
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
eP tfklg g]kfn n]vfdfgdf ;dfj]z gePsf
If]qx?df cGt/f{li6o n]vf dfkb08nfO{ cfwf/sf]
?kdf lng' kg{]5 .
@$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf (! df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf (! sf]
pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf gfkmf gf]S;fg lx;fa eGg]
zAbxsf] ;f cfo Joo eGg] zAbx /flvPsf 5g\ .
@%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf (% df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf (% sf]
pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf jf To:tf sfo{df ;+nUg ePdf eGg]
zAbx? kl5 jf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd a}af6 Ohfhtkq
lng' kg{]df ;f] glnO{ To:tf] sf/f]af/ u/]df jf kl/R5]b(s=
adf]lhdsf] km/kmf/vsf] k|lqmofdf afwf k'ofPdf eGg]
zAbx? /flvPsf 5g\ .
@^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf (^ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf (^ sf] ;f
b]xfosf] bkmf (^ /flvPsf] 5 M
(^= b08 ;hfo M -!_ bkmf (% sf] pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_
adf]lhdsf] s;"/ ug{] JolQmnfO{ pQm s;"/;Fu
;DalGwt lauf] hkmt u/L lauf]sf] tLg u'0ff;Dd
hl/afgf jf tLg jif{;Dd s}b jf b'j} ;hfo x'g]5 .
-@_ bkmf (% sf] pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_
adf]lhd ;hfo ubf{ lauf] sfod ug{ g;lsg]
cj:yf ePdf s;"/sf] dfqf x]/L a9Ldf bz nfv
?k}ofF;Dd hl/afgf jf tLg jif{;Dd s}b jf b'j}
;hfo x'g]5 .
-#_ bkmf (% adf]lhdsf] s;"/ s'g} kmd{,
sDkgL jf ;+:yfn] u/]sf]df To:tf] ;hfo ;f] kmd{,
sDkgL jf ;+:yfsf] d'Vo kbflwsf/LnfO{ x'g]5 .

35
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-$_ bkmf (% adf]lhdsf] s;"/ ug{ pBf]u
ug{] jf To:tf] s;"/ ug{ d2t k'ofpg] JolQm, kmd{,
sDkgL jf ;+:yf jf To:tf] kmd{, sDkgL jf ;+:yfsf]]
kbflwsf/LnfO{ d'Vo s;'/bf/nfO{ x'g] ;hfosf] cfwf
;hfo x'g]5 .
@&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)@ df
/x]sf] k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf eGg] zAbxsf] ;f pRr
cbfntdf eGg] zAbx? /flvPsf 5g\ .
@*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)# df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)# sf]
pkbkmf -#_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -$_ ylkPsf]5 M
-$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd a}n] lgodg ubf{ jfl0fHo
a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfn] ;Demf}tf u/L Ph]06 jf afXo >f]t
dfkm{t u/fpg] e'QmfgL, lSnol/ / ;]6nd]G6 ;DaGwL
sf/f]af/ ;d]t lgodg ug{'sf ;fy} To:tf] sf/f]af/sf]
cfjZostf cg';f/ lg/LIf0f tyf ;'kl/j]If0f ;d]t ug{
;Sg]5 .
@(= d"n P]gdf bkmf !)^s=, !)^v= / !)^u= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf
!)^ kl5 b]xfosf bkmf !)^s=, !)^v= / !)^u= ylkPsf 5g\
M
!)^s= jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf sfd ug{ gx'g] M -!_
ueg{/ eO;s]sf] JolQmn] s'g} jfl0fHo a} jf
ljQLo ;+:yfdf s'g} klg x}l;otdf /xL sfd ug{
x'Fb}g .
-@_ 8]k'6L ueg{/ / a}sf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs
cfgf] kbaf6 x6]sf] jf cjsfz kfPsf] ldltn] tLg
jif{;Dd / a}sf] clws[t :t/sf] sd{rf/L cfgf]
kbaf6 x6]sf] jf cjsfz kfPsf] ldltn] b'O{ jif{;Dd

36
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
s'g} klg jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf s'g} klg
x}l;otdf /xL sfd ug{ xF'b}g .
t/ o; pkbkmfdf tf]lsPsf] ;dofjlw
k'/f ePkl5 s'g} klg jfl0fHo a} jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf
s'g} klg x}l;otdf /xL sfd ug{sf] nflu ;DalGwt
8]k'6L ueg{/, sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs jf clws[tn] a}sf]
k"j{ l:js[lt lng' kg]{5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g;'s} s'/f
n]lvPsf] eP tfklg g]kfn ;/sf/af6 lgo'lQm x'g]
kbdf of] Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .
!)^v= ljz]if1sf] ;]jf pknAw u/fpg' kg]{ M g]kfn ;/sf/n]
cg'/f]w u/]df a}n] cfkm";+Fu ePsf] ljz]if1sf] ;]jf
pknJw u/fpg' kg{]5 .
!)^u= g]kfn ;/sf/n] lgb{]zg lbg ;Sg] M -!_ d'f, a}+l /
ljQ ;DaGwdf g]kfn ;/sf/n] a}nfO{ lgb{]zg lbg
;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lbOPsf] lgb{]zgsf]
kfngf ug{' a}sf] st{Jo x'g]5 .
#)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)& df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !)& df
/x]sf a}sf s'g} clws[t jf sd{rf/L eGg] zAbx?sf] ;f
a}sf sd{rf/L jf ljz]if k|zf;g ;d"x eGg] zAbx?
/flvPsf 5g\ .
#!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !!) df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !!) sf]
pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -9_ kl5 b]xfosf v08 -9!_, -9@_, -9#_,
-9$_, -9%_ / -9^_ ylkPsf 5g\ M
-9!_ jfl0fHo a}+ tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx? Ps
cfk;df ufEg] ufleg] ;DaGwdf .

37
v08 ^^_ cltl/Qmf !! g]kfn /fhkq efu @ ldlt @)&#.&.@(
-9@_ jfl0fHo a}+ tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] zL3|
;'wf/fTds sf/afxL ;DaGwdf .
-9#_ shf{ ;"rgf ;DaGwdf .
-9$_ e'QmfgL tyf lx;fa ldnfg ;DaGwdf .
-9%_ km/kmf/v ug{] ;DaGwdf .
-9^_ a}n] hf/L ug{] Ohfhtkqsf ;DaGwdf .
#@= vf/]hL M d"n P]gsf] bkmf *^, *^`=, *^6=, *^7=, *^8= /
*^9= vf/]h ul/Psf 5g\ .

k|df0fLs/0f ldlt M @)&#.&.@(

cf1fn],
6]sk|;fb 9'fgf
g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ;lrj

38

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