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LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054

GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Chapter 1
Introduction
1-1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF Volume II contains the individual work pack-
TECHNICAL MANUAL ages for on-site maintenance, including engine
changeout. Volume II also contains the recom-
Volumes I and II of this manual contain mended tooling and consumable provisioning
information to be used for the on-site installa- for on-site maintenance, as well as storage and
tion, operation, and maintenance of the follow- shipment preparation procedures.
ing LM2500+ Singular Annular Combustor
(SAC) engine models: Level 1 maintenance covers all work on the
exterior of an installed gas generator/gas tur-
LM2500 PK gas turbine bine, including scheduled inspections, com-
pressor cleaning (water-wash), and engine
LM2500 GK gas generator changeout. Level 2 modular maintenance cov-
ers removal and reinstallation of one or more
LM2500 PV gas turbine major sections of the engine.
LM2500 GV gas generator Each work package in Volume II (or subordi-
nate work package, as required) is numbered
1-2 ARRANGEMENT AND USE OF
and arranged in the following general
TECHNICAL MANUAL
sequence:
This manual consists of two volumes, each
arranged to provide easy access to all required 1. Introduction
information. Volume I provides general 2. Reference Material
descriptions of the engine and associated sys- 3. Support Equipment
tems, as well as operating and troubleshooting 4. Consumable Material
information. The chapters in Volume I are 5. Expendable Material
numbered with Arabic numerals. Figures, 6. Component Removal
tables, and pages are each numbered sequen- 7. Component Installation
tially, starting with the number one (1), pre-
ceded by the chapter number and a dash, for 1-3 NOTES, CAUTIONS, AND
each chapter; e.g., Figure 1-1. Paragraphs are WARNINGS
identified and layered in the following manner:
Notes, Cautions, and Warnings will be found
1-1 Main topic/paragraph throughout this publication. It is important
1-1.1 First-level subordinate that the significance of each is thoroughly
paragraph understood by personnel using this technical
manual. Their definitions are as follows:
1-1.1.1 Second-level subordinate
paragraph NOTE
1-1.1.1.1 Third-level subordinate Notes highlight an essential procedure or
paragraph a condition that requires emphasis.

1-1
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

CAUTION GE Aircraft Engines


Marine & Industrial Customer Service
CAUTIONS REFER TO PROCEDURES Mail Drop S-155,
OR PRACTICES THAT MAY DAMAGE 1 Neumann Way
OR DESTROY EQUIPMENT IF NOT Cincinnati, Ohio
FOLLOWED CORRECTLY. 45215-6301 USA
Attention: Documentation Programs
WARNING
The sample form shown in Figure 1-1 may be
WARNINGS REFER TO PROCE- reproduced and used for this purpose.
DURES OR PRACTICES THAT MAY
RESULT IN INJURY OR DEATH IF 1-5 GLOSSARY OF TERMS
NOT FOLLOWED CORRECTLY.
Table 1-1 lists and defines the abbreviations
1-4 CHANGES TO TECHNICAL most commonly used in this manual.
MANUAL
1-6 MEASUREMENT UNITS
A manual change is defined as the reissue of
selected pages of the manual. A revision is The Syste`me International d'Unites (SI) or
defined as the reissue of the entire manual. metric system is being adopted throughout the
world. For this reason, SI unit conversion
Changes are indicated by a vertical bar in the tables are shown in Tables 1-2, 1-3, and 1-4.
margin, alongside the text change. Changes to Fractions and decimal equivalents are shown
illustrations, diagrams, and schematics are in Table 1-5.
indicated in the same manner. Since previous
change symbols are deleted when a page is The introduction of torque wrenches calibrated
subsequently changed, the symbols show the in Newton-meters (Nm) has been commensu-
latest changes only. rate with the adoption of the SI system. These
will eventually replace torque wrenches cali-
Manual changes and revisions are mailed to all brated in kilogram-meters (kg m). A quick
authorized LM2500+ SAC manual holders at method to convert kilogram-meters (kg m) to
the time the issues are published. When Nm, is to move the decimal point one place to
changes are received, insert the latest change the right. For example, 3.5 kg m would become
pages and dispose of superseded pages. Page 35 Nm. Although this technique is not math-
changes are designated by the change number ematically precise (3.5 kg m actually equals
of the effective change at the bottom of each 34.3 Nm), it is considered adequate for gen-
affected page. Refer to the list of effective eral purposes. To convert kilogram-centime-
pages for current change page applicability. ters (kg cm) to Nm, move the decimal point
one place to the left. For example, 50 kg cm
Illustrations (line art and photographs) repre- would become 5.0 Nm.
sent the equipment configuration at time of
inclusion in this technical manual. They will The SI units shown in this manual are direct
not necessarily be changed to represent all mathematical conversions and may be rounded
and/or the latest equipment or configuration. off, in most instances, at the user's discretion.
They are to be used only as an aid to supple- Examples of units that may be rounded off are
ment the text and the parts list. those used for temperatures, torque values,
pressures, etc. Examples of SI units that may
Changes or additions deemed necessary for not be rounded off are those used for drop
proper operation, maintenance, and safety checks, rigging adjustments, runouts, etc.
improvements should be submitted to:

1-2
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Figure 1-1. Publication Change Request

1-3
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

Table 1-1. Abbreviations


Abbreviation Definition Abbreviation Definition
abs Absolute cm Cubic Centimeters
AC Alternating Current CRF Compressor Rear
Frame
AGB Accessory Gearbox CRFV Compressor Rear
Frame Flange
Accelerometer
ALF Aft Looking CW Clockwise
Forward
amp Ampere DC Direct Current
Assy Assembly Dia Diameter
b Bar Dim Dimension
b (beta) Variable Stator DLE Dry Low Emissions
Position
bhp Brake Horsepower -dPS3/dt Negative Rate of
Change of Compressor
Discharge Static
Pressure
Blisk Blade/Disc ECU Electronic Control Unit
Combination
Btu British Thermal ELBO Lean Blow-Out
Unit
C Degrees Centigrade EMU Engine Maintenance
(Celsius) Unit
cc Cubic Centimeter F Degrees Fahrenheit
CCW Counterclockwise FIR Full Indicator Reading
CDP Compressor FMP Fuel Manifold
Discharge Pressure Pressure
CFF Compressor Front FOD Foreign Object Damage
Frame
CG Center of Gravity ft Foot or Feet
cm Centimeter ft Square Foot or Feet
cm Square Centimeters FWD Forward

1-4
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Table 1-1. Abbreviations - (Cont.)


Abbreviation Definition Abbreviation Definition
g Gram IGHP Isentropic Gas
Horsepower
gal Gallon IGKW Isentropic Gas
Kilowatt
GEK GEAE Publication IGV Inlet Guide Vane
Identification
Number
GG Gas Generator in. Inch
GT Gas Turbine in. Square Inch
Hg Mercury in. Cubic Inch
Horiz Horizontal IPB Illustrated Parts
Breakdown
hp Horsepower J Joules
HP High Pressure kg Kilogram
HPC High Pressure kcal Kilocalorie
Compressor
HPCR High Pressure kg cm Kilogram-centimeter
Compressor Rotor
HPCS High Pressure kg m Kilogram-meter
Compressor Stator
HPT High Pressure kJ Kilojoules
Turbine
HPTR High Pressure kPa Kilopascal
Turbine Rotor
hr Hour kW Kilowatt
Hz Hertz l Liter
ID Inside Diameter lb Pound
IGB Inlet Gearbox lb/ft Pound per Square
Foot

1-5
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

Table 1-1. Abbreviations - (Cont.)


Abbreviation Definition Abbreviation Definition
l/min Liters per Minute OAT Outside Air
Temperature
l/sec Liters per Second OD Outside Diameter
LVDT Linear-Variable OGV Outlet Guide Vane
Differential
Transformer
m Meter oz Ounce
m Cubic Meter Pa Pascals
mA Milliampere Pamb Ambient Pressure
Max Maximum PCB Printed Circuit
Board
Min Minimum PCR Publications Change
Request
mm Millimeter PN Part Number
MW Megawatt ppm Parts per Million
N Newton Prcp High Pressure
Recoup Pressure
Nm Newton-meter PS3 High Pressure
Compressor
Discharge Static
Pressure
No. Number PT Power Turbine
NGG Gas Generator Speed PT5.4 (also referred Power Turbine Inlet
to as PT48) Total Pressure
NOx Oxides of Nitrogen P0 Gas Turbine Inlet
Pressure
NPT Power Turbine Speed P2 Compressor Inlet
Total Pressure

1-6
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Table 1-1. Abbreviations - (Cont.)


Abbreviation Definition Abbreviation Definition
qt Quart Temp Temperature
rpm Revolutions per TGB Transfer Gearbox
Minute
RTD Resistance theta 2 Ratio of Measured
Temperature Absolute Gas
Detector Turbine Inlet Abso-
lute Temperature to
Standard Day
Absolute
Temperature
SAC Singular Annular TMF Turbine Mid Frame
Combustor
sec Second TRF Turbine Rear Frame
SG Specific Gravity TRFV Turbine Rear Frame
Flange Accelerome-
ter
shp Shaft Horsepower T2 Compressor Inlet
Total Temperature
SI Metric System T3 Compressor
Discharge
Temperature
S/O Shutoff T5.4 (also referred to Power Turbine Inlet
as T48) Temperature
Standard atm UV Ultra Violet
Atmosphere
Surf Surface v Volt
SWP Subordinate Work vac Volts, Alternating
Package Current
Tamb Ambient VG Variable-Geometry
Temperature
TAN Total Acid Number VSV Variable Stator Vane
TBP To Be Provided WP Work Package
T/C Thermocouple

1-7
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

Table 1-2. Metric and SI Unit Conversion Factors


To Convert From To Multiply By
bhp kW 0.7457142
Btu Joules (J) 1054.8
Btu/hr kJ/hr 1.0548
Btu/hr kcal/hr 0.2520
Btu/kW-hr Btu/hp-hr 1.341
Btu/kW-hr kcal/kW-hr 0.25198
Btu/kW-hr kJ/kW-hr 1.0548
Btu/lb kcal/kg 0.5555
cm in. 0.3937
cm m 0.01
cm mm 10
cm/sec ft/sec 0.03281
Degrees Fahrenheit 32 Degrees Celsius 0.5555
ft m 0.0929
ft/hr l/hr 28.32

ft/hr m/hr 0.02832

ft/min l/min 28.32

ft/min m/min 0.02832

ft cm 30.48
ft m 0.3048
ft lb (lb ft) kg m 0.1383
ft lb (lb ft) Nm 1.356
ft lb (lb ft) Btu 0.001286

1-8
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Table 1-2. Metric and SI Unit Conversion Factors - (Cont.)


To Convert From To Multiply By
ft lb/min ft lb/sec 0.016667
ft/min km/hr 0.018288
ft/sec cm/sec 30.48
ft/sec m/sec 0.3048
g oz 0.03527
g/cm lb/in. 0.03613
gal l 3.785
gal/min l/sec 0.06309
in. m 645.16
in. cm 16.387
in. mm 25.4
in. m 0.02540
in. cm 2.540
in. Hg (60F) pascal (Pa) 0.3377
in. water (60F) pascal (Pa) 248.8
kg lb 2.2046
kg cm lb in. 0.867
kg m lb ft 7.233
kg/m lb/ft 0.2048
km miles 0.6214
kW bhp 1.3409961
lb g 453.59

1-9
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

Table 1-2. Metric and SI Unit Conversion Factors - (Cont.)


To Convert From To Multiply By
lb kg 0.4536
lb N 4.4482
lb/ft kg/m 4.8828
lb/gal kg/l 0.11982
lb in. kg cm 1.1532
lb in. Nm 0.1129848
lb/in. kg/cm 0.0703
lb/in. Pascals (Pa) 6894.76
lb/in. kPa 6.8948
lb/hr kg/hr 0.4536
m ft 10.76426
m in. 61,023
m cm 100
m ft 3.2808
m in. 3937
microinches micrometers 0.0254
micrometers microinches 39.37
mile (statute) km 1.6093
mm in. 0.03937
N lb 0.2248
Nm lb in. 8.850748
Nm lb ft 0.73756
oz g 28.3495

1-10
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Table 1-2. Metric and SI Unit Conversion Factors - (Cont.)


To Convert From To Multiply By
oz/gal g/l 7.49
psi kPa 6.894757
qt l 0.9463
U.S. horsepower metric horsepower 1.014
U.S. horsepower kW 0.7457

Table 1-3. Pressure Conversions

Standard Kilograms per Pounds per


Bar Atmosphere square centime- square inch (lb/
(b) (atm ) ter (kg/cm) in.) Pascals(Pa)

1.0 0.987 1.020 14.504 100,000


1.013 1.0 1.033 14.696 101,325
0.981 0.968 1.0 14.22 98,067
0.0689 0.068 0.0703 1.0 6,895

1-11
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

Table 1-4. Temperature Conversion Chart


To convert indicated temperature between Fahrenheit and Celsius, find indicated temperature (either Celsius or Fahrenheit) in middle
column and read Fahrenheit equivalent in the right column or the Celsius equivalent in the left column. For example, a temperature of 32F, when selected from the
center column, shows a corresponding temperature of 0C in the left column. A temperature of 0C, when selected from the center column, shows a corresponding tem-
perature of 32F in the right column.
Temperature Conversion Formulas
Temperature (C) = (Temperature F - 32) 1.8 Temperature (F) = (1.8 x Temperature C) + 32
-60 to 60 61 to 350 360 to 1050 1060 to 1750 1760 to 2450 2460 to 3000
C F C F C F C F C F C F
-51 -60 -76 16.1 61 141.8 182 360 680 571 1060 1940 960 1760 3200 1349 2460 4460
-46 -50 -58 16.7 62 143.6 188 370 698 577 1070 1958 966 1770 3218 1354 2470 4478
-40 -40 -40 17.2 83 145.4 193 380 716 582 1080 1976 971 1780 3236 1360 2480 4496
-34 -30 -22 17.8 64 147.2 199 390 734 588 1090 1994 977 1790 3254 1366 2490 4514
-29 -20 -4 18.3 65 149.0 204 400 752 593 1100 2012 982 1800 3272 1371 2500 4532
-23 -10 14 18.9 66 150.8 210 410 770 599 1110 2030 988 1810 3290 1377 2510 4550
-17.8 0 32 19.4 67 152.6 216 420 788 604 1120 2048 993 1820 3308 1382 2520 4568
-17.2 1 33.8 20.0 68 154.4 221 430 806 610 1130 2066 999 1830 3326 1388 2530 4586
-16.7 2 35.6 20.6 69 156.2 227 440 824 616 1140 2084 1004 1840 3344 1393 2540 4604
-16.1 3 37.4 21.1 70 158.0 232 450 842 621 1150 2102 1010 1850 3362 1399 2550 4622
-15.6 4 39.2 21.7 71 159.8 238 460 860 627 1160 2120 1016 1860 3380 1404 2560 4640
-15.0 5 41.0 22.2 72 161.6 243 470 878 632 1170 2138 1021 1870 3398 1410 2570 4658
-14.4 6 42.8 22.8 73 163.4 249 480 896 638 1180 2156 1027 1880 3416 1416 2580 4676
-13.9 7 44.6 23.3 74 165.2 254 490 914 643 1190 2174 1032 1890 3434 1421 2590 4694
-13.3 8 46.4 23.9 75 167.0 260 500 932 649 1200 2192 1038 1900 3452 1427 2600 4712
-12.8 9 48.2 24.4 76 168.8 266 510 950 654 1210 2210 1043 1910 3470 1432 2610 4730
-12.2 10 50.0 25.0 77 170.6 271 520 968 660 1220 2228 1049 1920 3488 1438 2620 4748
-11.7 11 51.8 25.6 78 172.4 277 530 986 666 1230 2246 1054 1930 3506 1443 2630 4766
-11.1 12 53.6 26.1 79 174.2 282 540 1004 671 1240 2264 1060 1940 3524 1449 2640 4784
-10.6 13 55.4 26.7 80 176.0 288 550 1022 677 1250 2282 1066 1950 3542 1454 2650 4802
-10.0 14 57.2 27.2 81 177.8 293 560 1040 682 1260 2300 1071 1960 3560 1460 2660 4820
- 9.4 15 59.0 27.8 82 179.6 299 570 1058 688 1270 2318 1077 1970 3578 1466 2670 4838
- 8.9 16 60.8 28.3 83 181.4 304 580 1076 693 1280 2336 1082 1980 3596 1471 2680 4856
- 8.3 17 62.6 28.9 84 183.2 310 590 1094 699 1290 2354 1088 1990 3614 1477 2690 4874
- 7.8 18 64.4 29.4 85 185.0 316 600 1112 704 1300 2372 1093 2000 3632 1482 2700 4892
- 7.2 19 66.2 30.0 86 186.8 321 610 1130 710 1310 2390 1099 2010 3650 1488 2710 4910
- 6.7 20 68.0 30.6 87 188.6 327 620 1148 716 1320 2408 1104 2020 3668 1493 2720 4928
- 6.1 21 69.8 31.1 88 190.4 332 630 1166 721 1330 2426 1110 2030 3686 1499 2730 4946
- 5.6 22 71.6 31.7 89 192.2 338 640 1184 727 1340 2444 1116 2040 3704 1504 2740 4964
- 5.0 23 73.4 32.2 90 194.0 343 650 1202 732 1350 2462 1121 2050 3722 1510 2750 4982
- 4.4 24 75.2 32.8 91 195.8 349 660 1220 738 1360 2480 1127 2060 3740 1516 2760 5000
- 3.9 25 77.0 33.3 92 197.6 354 670 1238 743 1370 2498 1132 2070 3758 1521 2770 5018
- 3.3 26 78.8 33.9 93 199.4 360 680 1256 749 1380 2516 1138 2080 3776 1527 2780 5036
- 2.8 27 80.6 34.4 94 201.2 366 690 1274 754 1390 2534 1143 2090 3794 1532 2790 5054
- 2.2 28 82.4 35.0 95 203.0 371 700 1292 760 1400 2552 1149 2100 3812 1538 2800 5072
- 1.7 29 84.2 35.6 96 204.8 377 710 1310 766 1410 2570 1154 2110 3830 1543 2810 5090
- 1.1 30 86.0 36.1 97 206.6 382 720 1328 771 1420 2588 1160 2120 3848 1549 2820 5108
- 0.6 31 87.8 36.7 98 208.4 388 730 1346 777 1430 2606 1166 2130 3866 1554 2830 5126
0.0 32 89.6 37.2 99 210.2 393 740 1364 782 1440 2624 1171 2140 3884 1560 2840 5144
0.6 33 91.4 37.8 100 212.0 399 750 1382 788 1450 2642 1177 2150 3902 1566 2850 5162
1.1 34 93.2 43 110 230 404 760 1400 793 1460 2660 1182 2160 3920 1571 2860 5180
1.7 35 95.0 49 120 248 410 770 1418 799 1470 2678 1188 2170 3938 1577 2870 5198
2.2 36 96.8 54 130 266 416 780 1436 804 1480 2696 1193 2180 3956 1582 2880 5216
2.8 37 98.6 60 140 284 421 790 1454 810 1490 2714 1199 2190 3974 1588 2890 5234
3.3 38 100.4 66 150 302 427 800 1472 816 1500 2732 1204 2200 3992 1593 2900 5252
3.9 39 102.2 71 160 320 432 810 1490 821 1510 2750 1210 2210 4010 1599 2910 5270
4.4 40 104.0 77 170 338 438 820 1508 827 1520 2768 1216 2220 4028 1604 2920 5288
5.0 41 105.8 82 180 356 443 830 1526 832 1530 2786 1221 2230 4046 1610 2930 5306
5.6 42 107.6 88 190 374 449 840 1544 838 1540 2804 1227 2240 4064 1616 2940 5324
6.1 43 109.4 93 200 392 454 850 1562 843 1550 2822 1232 2250 4082 1621 2950 5342
6.7 44 111.2 99 210 410 460 860 1580 849 1560 2840 1238 2260 4100 1627 2960 5360
7.2 45 113.0 104 220 428 466 870 1598 854 1570 2858 1243 2270 4118 1632 2970 5378
7.8 46 114.8 110 230 446 471 880 1616 860 1580 2876 1249 2280 4136 1638 2980 5396
8.3 47 116.6 116 240 464 477 890 1634 866 1590 2894 1254 2290 4154 1643 2990 5414
8.9 48 118.4 121 250 482 482 900 1652 871 1600 2912 1260 2300 4172 1649 3000 5432
9.4 49 120.2 127 260 500 488 910 1670 877 1610 2930 1266 2310 4190
10.0 50 122.0 132 270 518 493 920 1688 882 1620 2948 1271 2320 4208
10.6 51 123.8 138 280 536 499 930 1706 888 1630 2966 1277 2330 4226
11.1 52 125.6 143 290 554 504 940 1724 893 1640 2984 1282 2340 4244
11.7 53 127.4 149 300 572 510 950 1742 899 1650 3002 1288 2350 4262
12.2 54 129.2 154 310 590 516 960 1760 904 1660 3020 1293 2360 4280
12.8 55 131.0 160 320 608 521 970 1778 910 1670 3038 1299 2370 4298
13.3 56 132.8 166 330 626 527 980 1796 916 1680 3056 1304 2380 4316
13.9 57 134.6 171 340 644 532 990 1814 921 1690 3074 1310 2390 4334
14.4 58 136.4 177 350 662 538 1000 1832 927 1700 3092 1316 2400 4352
15.0 59 138.2 543 1010 1850 932 1710 3110 1321 2410 4370
15.6 60 140.0 549 1020 1868 938 1720 3128 1327 2420 4388
554 1030 1886 943 1730 3146 1332 2430 4406
560 1040 1904 949 1740 3164 1338 2440 4424
566 1050 1922 954 1750 3182 1343 2450 4442

1-12 GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.


LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

Table 1-5. Conversion Table - Fractions to Decimals


Fraction Decimal Fraction Decimal Fraction Decimal
1/64 0.0156 11/32 0.3438 11/16 0.6875
1/32 0.0312 23/64 0.3594 45/64 0.7031
3/64 0.0469 3/8 0.3750 23/32 0.7188
1/16 0.0625 25/64 0.3906 47/64 0.7344
5/64 0.0781 13/32 0.4062 3/4 0.7500
3/32 0.0938 27/64 0.4219 49/64 0.7656
7/64 0.1094 7/16 0.4375 25/32 0.7812
1/8 0.1250 29/64 0.4531 51/64 0.7969
9/64 0.1406 15/32 0.4688 13/16 0.8125
5/32 0.1562 31/64 0.4844 53/64 0.8281
11/64 0.1719 1/2 0.5000 27/32 0.8438
3/16 0.1875 33/64 0.5156 55/64 0.8594
13/64 0.2031 17/32 0.5312 7/8 0.8750
7/32 0.2188 35/64 0.5469 57/64 0.8906
15/64 0.2344 9/16 0.5625 29/32 0.9062
1/4 0.2500 37/64 0.5781 59/64 0.9219
17/64 0.2656 19/32 0.5938 15/16 0.9375
9/32 0.2812 39/64 0.6094 61/64 0.9531
19/64 0.2969 5/8 0.6250 31/32 0.9688
5/16 0.3125 41/64 0.6406 63/64 0.9844
21/64 0.3281 21/32 0.6562 1 1.0000
43/64 0.6719

1-13
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

1-7 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AVOID SPILLING FREON OR


SIMILAR SOLVENTS ON THE
This technical manual is designed to provide SKIN. EXTREMELY RAPID
safe procedures and processes for accomplish- EVAPORATION OF THESE SOL-
ing the installation, operation, and mainte-
VENTS HAS A REFRIGERATING
nance tasks required for the LM2500+ SAC. It EFFECT AND MAY CAUSE SERI-
is therefore very important that all Warnings OUS FROSTBITE. DO NOT
and Cautions be clearly understood and
ALLOW ADHESIVE TO CON-
observed by users of this manual.
TACT THE SKIN. RAPID BOND-
This section describes general safety precau- ING OF CERTAIN ADHESIVES
tions that are not related to specific procedures WILL CAUSE INSTANT ADHE-
and therefore do not appear elsewhere in this SION TO BODY MEMBERS OR
manual. The precautions should be clearly OBJECTS. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO
understood and applied wherever appropriate FORCEFULLY SEPARATE BODY
in all phases of installation, operation, and MEMBERS IF BONDED
maintenance. TOGETHER. CONSULT THE
AREA SUPERVISOR OR A PHYSI-
1-7.1 Material Hazards CIAN FOR PROCEDURES FOR
SEPARATION. CAREFULLY
WARNING
REVIEW THE HAZARD INFOR-
USE ALL CLEANING SOLVENTS, MATION ON THE APPROPRIATE
FUELS, OILS, ADHESIVES, MATERIAL SAFETY DATA
EPOXIES, AND CATALYSTS IN A SHEET AND FOLLOW ALL
WELL-VENTILATED AREA. APPLICABLE PERSONAL PRO-
AVOID FREQUENT AND PRO- TECTION REQUIREMENTS.
LONGED INHALATION OF
1-7.2 Fire Hazards
FUMES. CONCENTRATIONS OF
FUMES OF MANY CLEANERS, WARNING
ADHESIVES, AND ESTERS ARE
TOXIC AND WILL CAUSE SERI- KEEP ALL CLEANING SOLVENTS,
OUS ADVERSE HEALTH FUELS, OILS, ESTERS, AND ADHE-
EFFECTS AND POSSIBLE SIVES AWAY FROM OPEN FLAME
DEATH IF INHALED FRE- SPACE HEATERS, EXPOSED ELE-
QUENTLY. AVOID FREQUENT MENT ELECTRIC HEATERS,
OR PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO SPARKS, OR FLAME. DO NOT
THE SKIN. SMOKE WHEN USING FLAMMA-
BLES, IN THE VICINITY OF FLAM-
WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING MABLES, OR IN AREAS WHERE
AND WASH THOROUGHLY WITH FLAMMABLES ARE STORED. PRO-
VIDE ADEQUATE VENTILATION TO
SOAP AND WARM WATER AS
DISPERSE CONCENTRATIONS OF
SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE FUMES
EXPOSURE TO SUCH MATERI- OR VAPORS. PROVIDE APPROVED
ALS. TAKE SPECIAL PRECAU- CONTAINERS FOR BULK STORAGE
TIONS TO PREVENT OF FLAMMABLE MATERIALS AND
MATERIALS FROM ENTERING APPROVED DISPENSERS IN THE
THE EYES. IF EXPOSED, RINSE WORKING AREAS. KEEP ALL CON-
THE EYES IN AN EYE BATH TAINERS TIGHTLY CLOSED WHEN
FOUNTAIN IMMEDIATELY AND NOT IN USE.
REPORT TO A PHYSICIAN.
1-14 GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

1-7.3 Compressed Air Hazards CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING


ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS.
WARNING LETHAL OUTPUT VOLTAGES ARE
GENERATED BY THE IGNITION
AIR PRESSURE USED IN WORK EXCITER. DO NOT ENERGIZE THE
AREAS FOR CLEANING OR DRYING EXCITER UNLESS THE OUTPUT
OPERATIONS SHOULD BE REGU- CONNECTION IS PROPERLY ISO-
LATED TO 29 PSI (200 KPA) OR LATED. BE SURE ALL LEADS ARE
LESS. USE APPROVED SAFETY CONNECTED AND THE PLUG IS
EQUIPMENT (GOGGLES/FACE INSTALLED AND ALL PERSONNEL
SHIELD) TO PREVENT INJURY TO ARE CLEARED TO AT LEAST 5 FT
THE EYES. DO NOT DIRECT THE (2.0 M) BEFORE ENERGIZING THE
JET OF COMPRESSED AIR AT EXCITER FOR FIRING THE PLUG.
YOURSELF OR OTHER PERSON- IF THE EXCITER IS REMOVED,
NEL, OR SO THAT DEBRIS IS FIRE IT ONLY IN THE ISOLATION
BLOWN ONTO ADJACENT WORK CHAMBER OF THE TESTER.
STATIONS. IF ADDITIONAL AIR
PRESSURE IS REQUIRED TO DIS- 1-7.6 Paints and Finishes Hazards
LODGE FOREIGN MATERIALS
FROM PARTS, ENSURE THAT WARNING
APPROVED SAFETY EQUIPMENT IS
WORN AND MOVE TO AN ISOLATED APPLY PAINTS, FINISHES, AND
AREA. BE SURE THAT THE AIR PRESERVATIVES IN APPROVED
PRESSURE IS AT A SAFE OPERAT- SPRAY BOOTHS OR ISOLATED
ING PRESSURE. AREAS EQUIPPED WITH AIR
CLEANING AND SPRAY-EVACUA-
1-7.4 Heated/Chilled Part Hazards TION EQUIPMENT. ENSURE THAT
ALL LIGHTING AND ELECTRICAL
WARNING GEAR IS OF THE EXPLOSION-
PROOF TYPE. WEAR APPROPRI-
USE THERMALLY INSULATED ATE BREATHING FILTERS, EYE
GLOVES WHEN HANDLING PROTECTION, AND SUCH CLOTH-
HEATED OR CHILLED PARTS TO ING AS IS REQUIRED TO PROTECT
PREVENT BURNING OR FREEZING THE SKIN. CONSULT THE MATE-
HANDS. PARTS CHILLED TO RIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET FOR
SUPERCOLD TEMPERATURES (-40F SPECIFIC PERSONAL PROTEC-
TO -65F [-40C TO -53C]) CAN TION REQUIREMENTS.
CAUSE INSTANT FREEZING OF
HANDS IF HANDLED WITHOUT 1-7.7 Procedural Hazards
PROTECTIVE GLOVES.
WARNING
1-7.5 Electrical Hazards
OBSERVE ALL SPECIFIED AND
WARNING LOGICAL SAFETY PRACTICES
WHEN ASSEMBLING OR DISASSEM-
USE EXTREME CARE WHEN WORK- BLING THE GAS TURBINE. WEAR
ING WITH ELECTRICITY. ELEC- SAFETY GLASSES OR OTHER
TRICITY CAN CAUSE SHOCK, APPROPRIATE EYE PROTECTION
BURNS, OR DEATH. ELECTRICAL AT ALL TIMES. DO NOT ALLOW
POWER SHALL BE OFF BEFORE SAFETY WIRE OR WIRE CLIPPINGS

Change 2 1-15
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

TO FLY FROM THE CUTTER WHEN EXACTLY IN ORDER TO GUARD


REMOVING OR INSTALLING WIRE. AGAINST THE POSSIBLY HAZ-
DO NOT USE FINGERS AS GUIDES ARDOUS RESULTS OF TOOL
WHEN INSTALLING PARTS OR TO MISUSE.
CHECK ALIGNMENT OF HOLES.
USE ONLY CORRECT TOOLS AND 1-7.9 Environmental Hazards
FIXTURES AND ALWAYS USE ONLY
AS RECOMMENDED. AVOID SHORT
CUTS SUCH AS USING FEWER WARNING
THAN RECOMMENDED ATTACH-
ING BOLTS OR USING SHORTER THE DISPOSAL OF MANY
OR INFERIOR-GRADE BOLTS. CLEANING SOLVENTS, FUELS,
HEED ALL WARNINGS IN THE MAN- OILS, ADHESIVES, EPOXIES,
UAL TEXT TO AVOID INJURY TO AND CATALYSTS ARE REGU-
PERSONNEL OR DAMAGE TO GAS LATED AND, IF MISMANAGED,
TURBINE PARTS. COULD CAUSE ENVIRONMEN-
TAL DAMAGE. REVIEW THE
1-7.8 Tooling Hazards MATERIAL SAFETY DATA
SHEET, OTHER PRODUCT
WARNING INFORMATION, AND APPLICA-
BLE LOCAL, STATE, AND FED-
IMPROPERLY MAINTAINED ERAL DISPOSAL
TOOLS AND SUPPORT EQUIP- REQUIREMENTS FOR PROPER
MENT CAN BE DANGEROUS TO WASTE MANAGEMENT PRAC-
PERSONNEL AND CAN DAMAGE TICES.
GAS TURBINE PARTS. USE
TOOLING ONLY FOR THE PUR- 1-7.10 Gas Turbine Operational
POSE FOR WHICH IT WAS Hazards
DESIGNED AND AVOID ABUSE.
BE CONSTANTLY ALERT FOR WARNING
DAMAGED EQUIPMENT AND
INITIATE APPROPRIATE THE OUTSIDE SURFACES OF
ACTION FOR APPROVED THE ENGINE ARE NOT INSU-
REPAIR IMMEDIATELY. LATED. ADEQUATE PRECAU-
TIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO
WHEN A TORQUE MULTIPLIER PREVENT OPERATING PERSON-
IS TO BE USED, IT MUST HAVE NEL FROM INADVERTENTLY
ADEQUATE CAPACITY TO MEET COMING IN CONTACT WITH
THE SPECIFIED TORQUE THESE HOT SURFACES.
REQUIREMENT OF THE OPERA-
TION. THE TORQUE MULTI-
THE LM2500+ SAC GAS GENERA-
PLIER MANUFACTURER'S
TOR/GAS TURBINE IS A SOURCE
INSTRUCTIONS AND THE
OF CONSIDERABLE NOISE. IT
INSTRUCTIONS CONTAINED
IS NECESSARY FOR PERSON-
HEREIN MUST BE FOLLOWED
NEL WORKING ON THE ENGINE

1-16 Change 2
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
LM2500+ SAC GEK 105054
GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines Volume I

OR IN ITS VICINITY TO WEAR BE USED. IN THE EVENT THAT


PROPER EAR PROTECTION THE FIRE PROTECTION SYS-
EQUIPMENT WHEN IT IS OPER- TEM IS DISCHARGED WHILE
ATING. PERSONNEL ARE INSIDE THE
ENCLOSURE, ALL PERSONNEL
THE LM2500+ SAC ENGINE SHOULD IMMEDIATELY EXIT
IS A HIGH SPEED MACHINE. IN THE ENCLOSURE TO PREVENT
THE REMOTE CASE OF COMPO- INGESTION OF THE EXTIN-
NENT FAILURE, THE CASING GUISHING MEDIUM. DIS-
WOULD CONTAIN COMPRES- CHARGE OF FINE CHEMICAL
SOR BLADE AND TURBINE OR WATER MISTS DIRECTLY ON
BLADE FAILURES, BUT MIGHT GAS GENERATOR CASINGS IS
NOT CONTAIN MAJOR COM- PERMISSIBLE. THE USE OF
PRESSOR OR TURBINE DISK CHEMICAL FIRE EXTINGUISH-
FAILURES. OPERATING PER- ING MEDIA WILL REQUIRE THE
SONNEL SHOULD NOT BE PER- DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENGINE
MANENTLY STATIONED IN OR FOR CLEANING.
NEAR THE PLANE OF THE
ROTATING PARTS. WARNING

WARNING EXPLOSIVE MIXTURE SENSING


DEVICES SHOULD BE PRO-
ROTATING PARTS OF THE VIDED TO SENSE ANY LEAKAGE
STARTER OPERATE AT A VERY OF FUEL (INTO THE PACK-
HIGH SPEED. PERSONNEL AGER'S ENCLOSURE). THESE
SHOULD NOT BE STATIONED IN DEVICES SHOULD SHUTDOWN
THE PLANE OF THE STARTER THE GAS TURBINE IF LEAKAGE
DURING START CYCLE. IS PRESENT. IF THIS OCCURS,
EXERCISE CAUTION, DETER-
LOW PRESSURE, HIGH VELOC- MINE AND CORRECT THE
ITY AIRFLOW CREATED BY THE CAUSE OF THE LEAKAGE
COMPRESSOR CAN DRAW BEFORE CONTINUING OPERA-
OBJECTS AND/OR PERSONNEL TION. THE ENCLOSURE AND
INTO THE ENGINE. ALTHOUGH SURROUNDING AREA SHOULD
USE OF AN INLET SCREEN OR ALSO BE PROPERLY VENTI-
OTHER PROTECTIVE MEASURE LATED TO CLEAR ANY EXPLO-
IS REQUIRED, PERSONNEL SIVE FUMES PRIOR TO
SHOULD NOT STAND IN FRONT RESTARTING.
OF THE INLET WHILE THE
ENGINE IS OPERATING. WHEN ENTERING THE GAS TUR-
BINE ENCLOSURE, THE FOL-
SUITABLE FIRE PROTECTION LOWING REQUIREMENTS MUST
EQUIPMENT IS REQUIRED FOR BE MET:
EACH INSTALLATION. CARBON
DIOXIDE, HALIDES, FOG, THE GAS TURBINE MUST BE
WATER, OR CHEMICAL FIRE SHUT DOWN.
EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS MAY

Change 2 1-17
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.
GEK 105054 LM2500+ SAC
Volume I GE Industrial AeroDerivative Gas Turbines

MODULE ENTRY DURING WARNING


ENGINE OPERATION IS PRO-
HIBITED IN GENERAL. IF EAR PROTECTION MUST BE
ENTRY SHOULD BE REQUIRED WORN IF GAS TURBINE IS
DURING ENGINE OPERATION, OPERATING.
CONTACT GE FIELD SERVICE
FOR A REPRESENTATIVE WHO DO NOT REMAIN IN THE ENCLO-
IS TRAINED TO ENTER THE SURE OR IN THE PLANE OF
MODULE UNDER SUCH CONDI- ROTATION OF THE STARTER
TIONS. WHEN STARTING OR MOTOR-
ING THE GAS TURBINE.
THE FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYS-
TEM MUST BE MADE INACTIVE WHEN PERFORMING MAINTE-
ACCORDING TO THE PACK- NANCE ON ELECTRICAL COM-
AGERS/ CUSTOMER'S PROCE- PONENTS, AVOID SHOCKS AND
DURES. BURNS BY TURNING OFF ELEC-
TRICAL POWER TO THOSE COM-
SECONDARY AIR TO THE PONENTS, EXCEPT WHEN
ENCLOSURE MUST BE SHUT POWER IS REQUIRED TO TAKE
OFF, SINCE HIGH SECONDARY VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS.
AIRFLOW MAY PREVENT OPEN-
ING OR CLOSING THE ENCLO- WARNING
SURE DOOR.
LOCK OUT ALL CONTROLS AND
THE ENCLOSURE DOOR SWITCHES, IF POSSIBLE; OTH-
SHOULD BE KEPT OPEN. IF ERWISE, TAG ELECTRICAL
THE GAS TURBINE IS OPERAT- SWITCHES, OUT OF SERVICE,
ING, AN OBSERVER SHOULD BE TO PREVENT INADVERTENT
STATIONED AT THE ENCLO- ACTIVATION. TAG THE ENGINE
SURE DOOR AND CONFINED OPERATING CONTROLS, DO
SPACE ENTRY PROCEDURES NOT OPERATE, TO PREVENT
MUST BE FOLLOWED. STARTING DURING A DESIRED
SHUTDOWN CONDITION.
ALLOW GAS TURBINE TO COOL
DOWN. AVOID CONTACT WITH
HOT PARTS, AND WEAR THER-
MALLY INSULATED GLOVES AS
NECESSARY.

1-18 Change 2
GE PROPRIETARY INFORMATION - Subject to the restrictions on the Title page.