Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 66

!

Lynchburg,+Virginia+

Local+Emergency+Planning+Committee+

Hazardous+Materials+Commodity+Flow+Study+

August+2017+

Study!conducted!by:!

Blue!Rock!Enterprises,!LLC!
815!South!Perry!Street,!Suite!110!
Castle!Rock,!Colorado!80104!
(720)!389G9410!

!
!

Preface+
!
Blue!Rock!Enterprises!of!Castle!Rock,!Colorado!conducted!this!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!

Study!(HMCFS)!with!a!high!degree!of!due!diligence.!!Every!precaution!was!taken!to!ensure!the!accuracy!

and!validity!of!the!data!gathered!and!received.!!Blue!Rock!is!pleased!to!present!the!Lynchburg,!Virginia!

Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee!with!this!study.!

This!hazardous!materials!commodity!flow!study!report!is!provided!for!informational!purposes!only,!and!

improper!use!of!this!information!and!material!may!result!in!property!or!environmental!damage,!bodily!

injury,!or!death.!

Blue!Rock!makes!no!representations,!warranties,!or!endorsements!of!the!information!provided!to!Blue!

Rock!that!was!not!explicitly!observed!and!compiled!by!Blue!Rock.!!The!reader!and!user!of!this!

information!is!cautioned!that!although!it!is!substantial!and!voluminous,!the!information!represents!only!

a!very!small!snapshot!of!the!region.!!(A!10Ghour!study!on!a!given!roadway!represents!1/10th!of!1%!for!

roadway!travel!observation!potential!in!a!year!as!an!example.)!!!

Any!hazardous!material!can!be!transported!at!any!time,!by!any!mode.!

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!2!
!

Contents+
1.! Executive!Summary!.............................................................................................................................!5!
2.! Introduction!.........................................................................................................................................!7!
Purpose!................................................................................................................................................!7!
Scope!...................................................................................................................................................!7!
Planning!Assumptions!.........................................................................................................................!8!
Roadway!..............................................................................................................................................!8!
3.! Stakeholders!........................................................................................................................................!9!
4.! Methodology!.....................................................................................................................................!10!
Roads!.................................................................................................................................................!11!
5.! Data!Collected!...................................................................................................................................!13!
!!!!!!!!!!Roadway!Observation!Locations!.......................................................................................................!13!

Commercial!Motor!Vehicles!(CMV)!documented!by!Survey!Location!...............................................!14!
Specialized!container!types!observed!(Number!Observed)!..............................................................!15!
Number!of!Placarded!Loads!Observed!..............................................................................................!16!
Percentage!of!Commercial!Motor!Vehicles!Carrying!Hazardous!Materials!.......................................!18!
Class!9!Placards!Observed!.................................................................................................................!20!
Number!of!loads!observed!by!hazard!class!.......................................................................................!21!
Top!10!Hazardous!Materials!with!UN!Number!Observed!.................................................................!22!
MAPS!..........................................................................................................................................................!23!

Hazardous!Material!Loads!Observed!per!Hour!..................................................................................!23!
Total!Hazardous!Material!Loads!Count!.............................................................................................!24!
Class!1!Explosives!...............................................................................................................................!25!
Class!2!Flammable/NonGFlammable!Gases!........................................................................................!26!
Class!3!Flammable!Liquid!...................................................................................................................!27!
Class!4!Flammable!Solids!...................................................................................................................!28!
Class!5!Oxidizers!................................................................................................................................!29!
Class!6!Toxic/Poison!..........................................................................................................................!30!
Class!7!Radiological!............................................................................................................................!31!
Class!8!Corrosive!................................................................................................................................!32!
Class!9!Miscellaneous!........................................................................................................................!33!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!3!
!

6.! Critical!Infrastructure!/!Key!Assets!....................................................................................................!34!
7.! Tier!II!Facilities!...................................................................................................................................!36!
8.! Analysis,!Conclusions,!and!Recommendations!..................................................................................!40!
9.! Appendices!........................................................................................................................................!43!
a.! NFPA!704!Chemical!Placarding!/!Labeling!System!.............................................................................!43!
b.! Full!Chemical!List!...............................................................................................................................!46!
c.! Chemical!Lists!by!Location!.................................................................................................................!49!
d.! Glossary!.............................................................................................................................................!54!
e.! Curriculum!Vitae!................................................................................................................................!60!
Kenneth!C.!Rost,!CHMP,!ABCP!...........................................................................................................!60!
f.! VDOT!Engineering!Work!Order!........................................................................................................!63!
10.! !Works!Cited!......................................................................................................................................!64!
!
!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!4!
!

1.! Executive+Summary+

The!objectives!of!this!hazardous!materials!commodity!flow!study!were!to:!

! Identify!hazardous!materials!commodities!transported!by!roadway.!

! Assess!and!analyze!locations,!volumes,!and!hazard!classes!of!hazardous!materials!being!

transported.!

! Assess!the!transportation!of!hazardous!materials!conducted!by!select!Tier!II!facilities.!

! Determine!the!impact!on!critical!infrastructure/key!assets!within!proximity!to!observed!routes.!

During!the!study!period,!substantial!work!efforts!were!undertaken!by!all!members!of!the!commodity!

flow!study!team.!!Not!including!research!and!reporting!related!functions,!direct!observation!alone!

accounted!for!the!following!facts:!

! 240!hours!of!transportation!observation!

! 28,094!commercial!motor!vehicles!counted!

! 1,338!placarded!hazardous!material!loads!documented!

! 68!unique!UN!numbers!were!captured!

4!separate!locations!on!2!roadways!were!studied!during!the!project.!!The!study!revealed:!!

! Some!roadways!exceeded!10!hazardous!materials!loads!per!hour,!with!the!Lynchburg,!VA!

average!being!5!hazardous!materials!loads!per!hour!as!observed.!!

! Some!roadways!observed!had!as!high!as!8%!of!all!commercial!motor!vehicles!handling!

hazardous!materials.!!The!average!is!4.35%!of!commercial!motor!vehicles!observed!carried!

identifiable!hazardous!materials!loads.!!

! The!greatest!rates!and!volume!of!hazardous!materials!transportation!was!observed!on!Hwy!460!

near!New!London.!

Tier!II!facilities!reviewed!provided!insightful!information!including:!

! Identified!the!need!to!establish!a!working!relationship!with!these!facilities.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!5!
!

! Hazardous!materials!on!site!at!Tier!II!facilities!are!transported!regularly.!

! Additional!information!can!be!gained!regarding!transportation!of!hazardous!materials.!

Critical!infrastructure/key!assets!near!the!observation!areas!presented!some!challenges!and!risks!

including:!

! Proximity!to!an!elementary!school.!

! Topographical!and!environmental!risks.!

Analysis,!Conclusions,!and!recommendations!include!but!are!not!limited!to:!

! Any!hazardous!material!can!be!transported!at!any!time,!by!any!mode.!

! Hwy!460!near!811!represents!the!highest!rate!and!volume!of!hazardous!materials!shipments.!!As!

such!consider!educating!the!New!London!Academy!Elementary!and!community!atGlarge,!

concentrated!enforcement!activities,!and!evaluation!of!equipment!and!capability!placement.!

! Consider!evaluation!of!equipment!and!capability!placement.!

! Consider!specialized!container!response!training.!

! Establish!relationships!with!Tier!II!facilities!for!education!on!response,!transportation!impacts,!

and!carrier!safety!efforts.!

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!6!
!

2.! Introduction+

Purpose+

The!purpose!of!the!Hazardous!Materials!Commodities!Flow!Study!was!to!identify!the!type,!amount!and!

routes!of!hazardous!materials!commodities!transported!into!and!through!the!specified!geographic!area!

of!the!region,!identify!critical!infrastructure!and!key!assets!within!a!specified!range!of!collection!

locations,!clarify!transportation!impacts!from!designated!Tier!II!facilities,!and!provide!an!analysis!of!the!

data!and!information!collected!so!that!planners!may!consider!activities!in!prevention,!preparedness,!

mitigation,!response,!and!recovery.!

Scope+

The!scope!of!this!study!encompassed!the!following!for!hazardous!materials!transported!by!roadway:!

! Target!data!collection!by!roadside!observation!

! Physical!survey!for!critical!infrastructure!/!key!assets!

! Tier!II!facility!review!/!analysis!

! Data!review!!

! Report!and!recommendation!

Roadways!studied!included!the!following:!

! Hwy!29!near!Amherst!(North)!

! Hwy!29!near!Phillips!Wayside!(South)!

! Hwy!460!near!811!(New!London!!West)!

! Hwy!460!near!Thomas!Terrace!(East)!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!7!
!

Planning+Assumptions+

Roadway+

Surveys!counted!(numerical)!all!commercial!vehicles!estimated!to!be!over!10,000!pounds!Gross!Vehicle!

Weight!Rating!(GVWR)!that!moved!through!the!survey!area!in!addition!to!more!specific!hazardous!

material!loads!including!placarding!information.!!When!evaluating!the!information!captured,!the!

following!assumptions!should!be!considered:!

! The!survey!results!provide!a!snapshot!of!the!hazardous!materials!that!were!specifically!

identified!in!the!designated!survey!location.!

! Roadways!were!surveyed!for!several!periods!of!time,!on!several!different!days,!thus!an!average!

could!be!created!based!upon!the!survey!results.!!These!results!can!also!be!used!by!planners!and!

responders!to!make!assumptions!when!the!greatest!risk!of!a!release!could!occur.!

! Transportation!of!hazardous!materials!in!commercial!vehicles!are!the!standard!amounts!that!

could!be!anticipated!by!the!specific!transportation!containers.!!For!example:!

!! A!standard!MCG306/406,!flammable!liquid!tanker!could!transport!up!to!9,000!

gallons!of!flammable!or!combustible!liquids.!MCG306/406!like!other!Department!

of!Transportation!(DOT)!spec!containers!can!be!modified!in!length!with!a!

subsequent!reduction!in!capacity.!!There!is!no!accounting!in!the!data!for!

reduced!capacity!DOT!spec!containers.!

! A!Standard!Cargo!transport!vehicle!with!a!DANGEROUS!placard:!

!! The!container!is!hauling!MORE!THAN!1,001!pounds!of!TWO!or!more!placard!

required!hazardous!materials!commodities.!!

!! Anticipate!a!MIXED!LOAD!of!hazardous!materials,!of!multiple!types,!that!can!

react!adversely!when!contacting!other!materials!within!the!trailer.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!8!
!

! Many!of!the!commercial!vehicles!identified!at!the!survey!points!could!be!transporting!hazardous!

materials!that!are!in!amounts!less!than!the!placard!amounts,!but!all!will!contain!larger!amounts!

of!flammable!fuels!than!the!typical!passenger!vehicle!on!the!highway.!!In!most!cases!the!

commercial!vehicles!traveling!the!highways!can!carry!several!hundred!gallons!of!flammable!

fuels.!!

! Any!vehicle!could!be!carrying!a!hazardous!material!and!display!no!placard!either!legally!(within!

permissible!exceptions)!or!in!violation!of!hazardous!materials!transportation!regulations.!

! Any!vehicle!could!be!displaying!a!hazardous!materials!placard!and!not!be!carrying!a!hazardous!

material!either!legally,!in!violation!of!hazardous!materials!regulations,!or!as!required!when!

residue!exists.!

! Any!vehicle!could!be!displaying!an!improper!hazardous!materials!placard.!

! Dangerous!placards!are!considered!as!part!of!the!Class!9!hazards!(miscellaneous)!and!are!not!

called!out!specifically!in!this!report,!but!are!documented!in!all!class!9!considerations.!

3.! Stakeholders+

Provided!below!is!broad!identification!of!stakeholder!groups.!!!The!goal!is!to!educate!them!about!the!

study!findings!so!they!may!better!prepare!activities!including!prevention,!preparedness,!mitigation,!

response,!and!recovery.!Stakeholders!include!but!are!not!limited!to:!

State,!Local,!and!Federal!Agencies:!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committees!(LEPC),!Emergency!

Management,!Environmental,!Natural!resources,!Planning,!Agriculture!and!Transportation!among!

others.!!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!9!
!

Local!Fire/EMS/Police!and!Sheriff!Departments!(First!Responders):!It!is!essential!that!the!first!responders!

are!aware!of!the!potential!hazards!they!face!on!a!dayGtoGday!basis.!The!findings!will!assist!them!in!

preparing!for!an!event,!and!how!they!will!properly!respond!to!protect!lives,!property!and!the!

environment.!!

Hospitals:!!They!will!be!caring!for!those!injured!in!an!event!and!need!to!be!educated!on!the!potential!

hazards!coming!into!their!facilities.!They!can!consider!training!their!employees!accordingly!and!work!

closely!with!local!emergency!responders!to!implement!and!coordinate!plans!in!case!of!an!emergency.!

Community:!!Among!the!common!responsibilities!of!the!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee!is!one!of!

public!education.!!From!this!report,!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committees!can!create!plans!and!educate!

the!community!of!the!hazards!in!addition!to!preparing!the!community.!

!!

4.! Methodology+

Figure+1.+Blue+Rock+vehicle+at+Highway+460<New+London+Observation+Point+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!10!
!

Roads+

Roadways!are!the!most!visible!form!of!transportation!of!hazardous!materials.!!Although!by!comparison!

the!amounts!present!at!one!location!or!incident!are!limited!by!the!container!size,!the!sheer!volume!of!

containers!alone!increases!the!risk!of!an!incident.!!Coupled!with!volume!of!commercial!motor!vehicle!

traffic!and!increased!speeds!(relative!to!roadways!not!commonly!traveled!by!commercial!motor!vehicles!

except!for!local!deliveries)!and!once!again!an!increase!in!risk!is!developed.!

In!collecting!roadway!data,!the!roadways!were!approved!by!members!of!the!Local!Emergency!Planning!

Committee!(LEPC).!!Data!collected!included!the!following:!

! Specific!location!

! Total!commercial!vehicle!counts!(Over!10,000!pounds!GVWR!estimated)!

! Direction!of!travel!

! Carrier!type!of!hazardous!material!loads!including;!

o! MC!G331!(Compressed!gases)!

o! MC!!338!(Cryogenics)!

o! MC!!306!(lowGpressure!liquids)!

o! MC!!307!(lowGpressure!liquids)!

o! MC!!312!(DenseGlowGpressure!liquids)!

o! Standard!cargo!(typically!boxGtype)!

! If!marked!with!a!United!States!Department!of!Transportation!(DOT)!placard;!

o! Hazard!class!(Class!1!through!Class!9)!and!division!(See!glossary)!

o! UN/NA!number!if!possible!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!11!
!

Sample!carrier!type!icons!are!shown!in!Figure!2.!

+
Figure+2.+Sample+carriers+and+graphic+representation+

Based!on!the!chemical!identification!either!by!class!or!UN/NA!number,!further!data!is!developed!and!

collected.!!It!is!then!assigned!the!ratings!given!by!the!National!Fire!Protection!Association!(NFPA)!704!

system!for!classifying!risk!of!a!given!chemical.!(National!Fire!Protection!Association,!2015).!!The!NFPA!

704!System,!chemicals!identified,!locations!and!associated!volumes!are!in!section!A!of!the!appendix!of!

this!document.!

Data!collected!is!assembled!on!a!spreadsheet!for!analysis!and!production!of!ratings,!locations,!top!

values!such!as!volume,!percentages,!locations,!etc.!!!Significant!further!analysis!is!possible!using!this!

information!and!would!be!based!on!the!user!perspective!and!goal!of!data!extraction!and!examination.!

However,!maintaining!the!focus!on!the!most!pertinent,!relevant!information!was!key!to!the!

methodology!utilized!in!the!analysis.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!12!
!

5.! Data+Collected+

Roadway+Observation+Locations+

Figure+3.+Roadside+Observation+Points++

Roadways!represent!the!most!visible!form!of!transportation!of!hazardous!materials.!!Data!collection!

(specifically!roadside!observation)!revealed!some!remarkable!statistics!for!analysis.!!Keeping!in!mind!

that!a!hazardous!material!can!be!transported!anywhere!at!any!time!by!any!mode,!the!roadside!data!

collected!consisted!of!all!commercial!motor!vehicle!(CMV)!traffic.!!Any!CMV!estimated!by!the!observer!

to!be!greater!than!10,000!pounds!gross!vehicle!weight!rating!(GVWR)!capable!of!containing!substantial!

amounts!of!hazardous!materials!was!documented!and/or!counted.!!With!this!statistical!data,!we!are!not!

only!capable!of!determining!how!much!commercial!motor!vehicle!traffic!exists!on!a!roadway!at!a!certain!

time,!one!can!also!determine!how!much!potential!may!exist.!!The!user!of!this!document!must!

understand!that!only!amounts!above!required!thresholds!require!placarding!(Transportation!U.!D.!

2016).!!One!can!assume!that!loads!of!hazardous!materials!are!transported!considering!this!requirement!

in!three!different!ways.!!1)!They!are!transporting!hazardous!materials!below!the!required!thresholds!

(which!vary!by!product),!2)!the!transporter!is!not!marking!the!hazardous!materials!load!as!required!by!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!13!
!

regulation,!or!3)!they!are!placarding!properly.!!Regardless,!CMVs!over!the!estimated!10,000#!GVWR!

were!counted!in!most!cases.!The!graphic!below!indicates!the!relative!volume!averages!of!CMVs!

(numerical!values).!!!

!
!
Commercial+Motor+Vehicles+(CMV)+documented+by+Survey+Location++

Daily!Average!of!CMV!over!10,000!Pound!GVWR
1800
1539
1600

1400 1260 1276

1200

1000 918

800

600

400

200

0
Hwy!29!Amherst Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside Hwy!460!Thomas! Hwy!460!New!London
Terrace
!

Figure+4.+Daily+Average+of+Commercial+Motor+Vehicles+by+Location++

In!addition!to!the!documentation!that!a!CMV!was!travelling!past!the!survey!location,!several!overGtheG

road!container!types!are!designed!for,!and/or!commonly!transport!hazardous!materials.!!Compressed!

gas!(MCG331),!cryogenic!(MCG338),!lowGpressure!liquid!MCG306/DOT406,!lowGpressure!liquid!MCG

307/DOT407,!acid/corrosive!low!pressure!liquid!(MCG312),!were!all!worthy!of!note!and!subject!to!data!

collection!efforts.!!Although!many!are!used!and!were!documented!carrying!hazardous!materials,!not!all!

of!them!did.!!So,!one!should!not!assume!that!based!on!the!container!type,!that!a!hazardous!material!

was!present.!!However,!risks!to!the!responder!still!exist.!!Specialized!containers!are!not!mapped!as!to!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!14!
!

their!observed!location,!but!as!these!1,002!containers!represent!3.5%!of!all!observed!CMVs,!and!76%!of!

all!hazardous!materials!loads!observed!and!many!require!specialized!technical!training!to!respond!to,!

the!data!is!presented!here.!!

Specialized+container+types+observed+(Number+Observed)+

Number!of!Specialized!Container!Types
800

700 668

600

500

400

300 250
177
200
94
100 48 57
15
0
MC!306/406 MC!307 MC!312 MC!331 MC!338 Cargo Other

MC!306/406 MC!307 MC!312 MC!331 MC!338 Cargo Other


!

Figure+5.+Total+number+and+type+of+specialized+containers+observed++

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!15!
!

Placarded!loads!are!the!immediately!recognizable!indicator!of!the!presence!of!hazardous!materials.!!It!is!

not!unusual!to!find!a!placarded!hazardous!materials!load!in!virtually!any!location.!!The!chart!below!

indicates!the!count!of!placarded!loads!as!they!passed!by!the!survey!location.!!This!result!is!slightly!

unbalanced!due!to!the!Hwy!460!near!Thomas!Terrace!and!Hwy!29!Amherst!sites!being!observed!one!day!

less!than!other!roadways.!

Number+of+Placarded+Loads+Observed+

Number!of!Placarded!Loads!Observed
1000
781
800

600

400 330
150 181
200

0
Hwy!29!Amherst Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside Hwy!460!Thomas! Hwy!460!New!London
Terrace
!

Figure+6.+Total+number+of+placarded+hazardous+material+loads+observed+by+location+

Figure+7.+Total+number+of+placarded+hazardous+material+loads+observed+by+location+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!16!
!

Given!the!set!time!frame!for!each!survey,!a!correlation!exists!between!placarded!(hazardous!material)!

loads!and!the!number!of!loads!that!passed!by!the!survey!location!per!hour.!!!

Number!of!Hazardous!Material!Loads!Observed!per!Hour!

Hazardous!Materials!Loads!Observed!per!Hour
9
7.8
8
7
6
5
4 3.3
3
1.8
2 1.5

1
0
Hwy!29!Amherst Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside Hwy!460!Thomas!Terrace Hwy!460!New!London
+

Figure+8.+Hazardous+materials+loads+observed+per+hour+by+survey+location+

Figure+9.+Hazardous+materials+loads+observed+per+hour+by+survey+location+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!17!
!

In!considering!the!volume!of!all!commercial!motor!vehicle!traffic!and!the!presence!of!a!placarded!

hazardous!materials!load,!the!percentage!of!hazardous!materials!in!relation!to!all!commercial!motor!

vehicle!traffic!presents!an!interesting!statistic!illustrated!by!the!graphic.!!This!information!can!be!used!

during!commercial!vehicle!and!traffic!enforcement!activities!when!focus!on!hazardous!materials!loads!is!

key.!

Percentage+of+Commercial+Motor+Vehicles+Carrying+Hazardous+Materials+

Percentage!of!Commercial!Motor!Vehicles!Carrying!
Hazardous!Materials

Hwy!460!New!London 8.7

Hwy!460!Thomas!Terrace 3.9

Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside 3.6

Hwy!29!Amherst 2.4

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
!

Figure+10.+Percentage+of+commercial+motor+vehicles+carrying+hazardous+materials+by+observation+site+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!18!
!

Figure+11.+Percentage+of+commercial+motor+vehicles+carrying+hazardous+materials+per+observation+site+

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!19!
!

A!Class!9,!Dangerous!placard!represents!a!load!of!2!or!more!hazardous!materials!combined!into!one!

container/shipment!(U.S.!Government!Printing!Office).!!Response!to!these!incidents!is!a!challenge!

brought!about!by!the!fact!that!based!on!the!placard!alone,!there!is!no!way!of!determining!the!actual!

contents!and/or!the!hazards!presented!by!the!cargo.!!In!addition,!Class!9!can!include!miscellaneous,!

ORM!(Other!Regulated!Material),!and!any!material!that!does!not!ordinarily!fit!into!another!more!specific!

class.!!!

Class+9+Placards+Observed+

Class!9!Placards!Observed!by!Location
40 37

30

20
11 10 11
10

0
Hwy!29!Amherst Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside Hwy!460!Thomas!Terrace Hwy!460!New!London
!

Figure+12.+Class+9+Placards+observed+by+location+

Figure+13.+Class+9+Placards+observed+by+location+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!20!
!

Every!hazardous!material!placarded!vehicle!that!passed!by!the!survey!location!was!documented!at!a!

minimum!for!the!hazardous!materials!class!present!as!indicated!by!the!placard.!!In!section!A!of!the!

appendix,!the!actual!products!themselves!(where!possible)!were!captured,!documented,!and!given!the!

appropriate!NFPA!rating!at!a!minimum!along!with!the!North!American!Emergency!Response!Guidebook!

(ERG)!page!referenced.(U.S.!Department!of!Transportation)!!The!chart!below!indicates!the!numbers!

observed!of!each!class!and!subdivision!as!a!region.!!

Number+of+loads+observed+by+hazard+class++

Number!of!Loads!Observed!by!Hazard!Class

Class!9!(Miscellaneous/Dangerous) 69

Class!8!(Corrosive) 173

Class!7!(Radioactive) 0

Class!6.2!(Infectious!Substances) 0

Class!6.1!(Toxic!Substances) 11

Class!5.2!(Organic!Peroxides) 0

Class!5.1!(Oxidizing!Substances) 17

Class!4.3!(Water!Reactive!Substances) 3
Class!4.2!(Spontaneously!Combustible!
1
Materials)
Class!4.1!(Flammable!Solids) 1

Class!3!(Flammable!Liquid) 798

Class!3!(Combustible!Liquid) 18

Class!2.3!(Toxic/Oxidizing) 12

Class!2.2!(NonYFlammable!Gas) 86

Class!2.1!(Flammable!Gases) 238

Class!1!(Explosives) 15

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900


!

++Figure+14.+Total+number+of+loads+observed+by+hazard+class+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!21!
!

Top+10+Hazardous+Materials+with+UN+Number+Observed+

!
Top!10!Hazardous!Material!with!UN!Number*!Observed

Gasoline!!!UN!1203 486

Propane!!!UN!1075 143

Diesel!Fuel!!!UN!1993 79

Elevated!Temperature!Liquid!!!UN!3257 11

Carbon!Dioxide!!!UN!2187 11

Hypochlorite!Solution!!!UN!1791 10

Nitrogen,!Refrigerated!Liquid!!!UN!1977 8

Sodium!Hydroxide!Solution!!!UN!1824 7

Paint!!!UN!1263 6

Ammonium!Nitrate!emulsion!!!UN!3375 5

Maleic!Anhydride!!!UN!2215 5

Oxygen!Refrigerated!Liquid!!UN!1073 5

0 100 200 300 400 500 600

Figure+15.+Top+10+Hazardous+Material+with+UN+Number+observed+

*UN!Number!may!represent!multiple!products,!consult!the!North!American!Emergency!Response!

Guidebook!(NAERG)!for!additional!listings!possible.!!Those!most!commonly!transported!under!the!listed!

UN!number!are!identified.!

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!22!
!

MAPS+

The!following!maps!indicate!the!presence!of!a!hazardous!materials!load!by!Class,!the!number!range!

observed,!and!the!physical!location!of!the!survey!in!which!it!was!observed.!!!

Hazardous+Material+Loads+Observed+per+Hour+

!
Figure+16.+Hazardous+Material+loads+observed+per+hour+

! +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!23!
!

Total+Hazardous+Material+Loads+Count+

Figure+17.+Total+number+of+hazardous+material+loads+observed+by+location+

+ +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!24!
!

Class+1+Explosives!

Figure+18.+Number+of+Class+1+Explosives+loads+observed+by+location+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!25!
!

Class+2+Flammable/NonZFlammable+Gases+

Figure+19.+Number+of+Class+2+Flammable/Non+Flammable+Gas+loads+observed+by+location++

+ +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!26!
!

Class+3+Flammable+Liquid+

+
Figure+20.+Number+of+Class+3+Flammable+Liquid+loads+observed+by+location++

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!27!
!

Class+4+Flammable+Solids+

Figure+21.+Number+of+Class+4+Flammable+Solid+loads+observed+by+location++

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!28!
!

Class+5+Oxidizers+

Figure+22.+Number+of+Class+5+Oxidizer+loads+observed+by+location+ +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!29!
!

Class+6+Toxic/Poison+

Figure+23.+Number+of+Class+6+Toxic/Poison+loads+observed+by+location++

! +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!30!
!

Class+7+Radiological+

Figure+24.+Number+of+Class+7+Radiological+loads+observed+by+location++

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!31!
!

Class+8+Corrosive+

Figure+25.+Number+of+Class+8+Corrosive+loads+observed+by+location+

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!32!
!

Class+9+Miscellaneous++

Figure+26.+Number+of+Class+9+Miscellaneous+loads+observed+by+location+

! +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!33!
!

6.! Critical+Infrastructure+/+Key+Assets++

The!Lynchburg,!Virginia!area!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!Scope!of!Work!included!the!

physical!observation!of!atGrisk!critical!infrastructure!and!key!assets!within!one!linear!mile!and!oneGhalf!

mile!laterally!of!roadside!observation!points!(https://www.dhs.gov/whatGcriticalGinfrastructure!).!!!

The!roadside!observation!points!were!chosen!based!on!their!geographic!location.!!Each!point!(4)!

represented!a!major!artery!into!and!out!of!the!Lynchburg,!Virginia!area.!!Although!the!points!facilitated!

the!capturing!of!hazardous!materials!into!and!out!of!the!area,!they!were!at!a!substantial!distance!from!

population!centers.!!As!such,!the!proximity!of!roadside!observation!points!to!critical!infrastructure!and!

key!assets!was!minimized!as!these!facilities!tend!to!be!clustered!around!population!centers.!

The!premise!surrounding!the!geographic!limitation!of!the!physical!survey!is!once!a!hazardous!materials!

load!passes!a!roadside!observation!point,!it!can!go!any!direction!at!any!time!reducing!the!ability!to!

assess!risks!based!on!the!hazardous!material!present.!

Hwy+29+near+Amherst+(prior+to+the+Hwy+29+business+route)+

These!observations!were!conducted!on!Hwy!29!(southbound)!just!prior!to!the!intersection!of!the!Hwy!

29!Business!Route.!!This!was!described!as!a!major!traffic!flow!decision!point,!thus!it!was!chosen!to!

capture!as!many!as!possible!loads!entering!the!Lynchburg!area.!!Relative!to!other!observation!points,!it!

was!one!of!the!least!busy!in!terms!of!rates!and/or!volumes.!!Light!residential!and!commercial!are!in!the!

area.!!Of!particular!concern!in!this!area!are!many!of!the!Amherst!County!key!assets.!!Identified!critical!

infrastructure,!key!assets,!and!challenges;!

! County!and!City!Government!facilities!including!Fire!Department,!Sheriffs!Office,!and!others.!

! Schools!and!residential!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!34!
!

Hwy+29+near+Phillips+Wayside+

Hwy!29!in!this!location!is!positioned!near!the!crest!of!a!hill.!!Either!direction!(North!or!South)!leads!to!a!

topographically!depressed!area.!!There!are!numerous!small!businesses!and!lightly!populated!residential!

neighborhoods!on!either!side!of!the!roadway.!!Potential!incidents!involving!hazardous!materials!in!this!

location!could!present!challenges!due!to!the!topography!including!settling!(vapors),!and!runoff!

containment!(liquids).!!The!Lynchburg!Regional!Airport!and!mainline!rail!are!within!a!couple!miles!

(outside!initial!oneGmile!scope).!!Identified!critical!infrastructure,!key!assets,!and!challenges;!

! Regional!Airport!

! Light!industrial,!commercial,!and!residential!

! Topography!

Hwy+460+near+Thomas+Terrace+

The!Hwy!460!(east)!observation!location!was!near!the!crest!of!a!hill!outside!the!main!population!centers.!!

However,!there!are!several!subdivisions!and!a!few!small!businesses!within!the!observation!location!

scope.!!Sloping!topography!will!present!a!challenge!to!responders!both!from!a!vapor!and!liquid!release!

perspective.!Identified!critical!infrastructure,!key!assets,!and!challenges;!

! Light!commercial!and!residential!

! Topography!

Hwy+460+in+New+London+(just+east+of+811)+

The!Hwy!460!(west)!observation!location!was!within!the!property!boundaries!of!New!London!

Elementary!School,!just!east!of!the!intersection!of!Route!811.!!As!indicated!by!the!presented!values,!this!

location!was!the!busiest!in!terms!of!rates!and!volumes!of!both!commercial!motor!vehicles!as!well!as!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!35!
!

placarded!hazardous!materials!loads.!!There!is!a!mix!of!commercial!and!residential!within!the!scope!

defined!in!addition!to!the!school.!!A!cell!phone!tower!is!located!nearby!as!well.!Identified!critical!

infrastructure,!key!assets,!and!challenges;!

! Elementary!School!

! Cell!Phone!tower!

! Heavy!volumes!

7.! Tier+II+Facilities+

Roadside!observation!of!hazardous!materials!represents!a!small!portion!of!potential!hazardous!

materials!transportation!on!a!given!roadway.!!Consider!that!a!10Ghour!observation!on!a!given!roadway!

represents!1/10!of!1%!(.001)!of!potential!travel!within!a!year.!!!

In!accordance!with!the!Superfund!Amendment!Reauthorization!Act!(SARA)!and!the!Emergency!

Planning!and!Community!Right!to!Know!Act!(EPCRA),!facilities!within!the!Lynchburg,!Virginia!area!submit!

to!the!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee,!Tier!II!data!forms!which!contain!chemical!information!to!

planners!that!are!above!threshold!planning!amounts!(https://www.epa.gov/epcra!).!Unless!the!Tier!II!

facility!is!both!a!manufacturer!and!a!consumer!of!what!they!manufacture,!it!is!likely!that!transportation!

of!these!hazardous!materials!to!and/or!from!this!facility!occurs.!!!

Tier!II!submissions!gathered!by!the!Lynchburg,!Virginia!LEPC!were!reviewed!by!Blue!Rock.!!10!facilities!

were!selected!for!further!exploration!of!transportation!impacts!to!the!community.!!More!than!half!of!

the!facilities!contacted!elected!to!not!participate.!!Specific!information!regarding!the!facilities!is!

available!through!the!EPCRA!request!process!and!the!LEPC.!!Facilities!are!broadly!categorized!for!

security!reasons.!!Further!information!is!available!through!the!respective!Fire!Departments.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!36!
!

Water+Treatment+Facilities+

NAICS:++221310+(Water+Supply+and+Irrigation+Systems)+

The!water!treatment!facility!maintains!multiple!sites!and!receives!shipments!of!hazardous!materials!on!a!

regular!basis.!!The!primary!facility!is!located!within!a!densely!populated!residential!and!commercial!area.!!

Products!consist!primarily!of!the!following!hazard!classes:!

! Flammable!liquids!

! Corrosive!solids!and!liquids!

The!products!arrive!in!the!following!packaging,!and!rates!(shipments!may!be!combinedGresults!are!

expressed!as!a!maximum!foreseeable):!

! MC!306/406!!1!per!year!

! MC!307!or!MC!312!!156!per!year!

! Cargo!!28!per!year!(totes!and!dry!bags)!

! Dry!Bulk!!12!per!year!

Estimated!total!transportation!impact!(hazardous!materials!loads)!per!year:!!197!

Electrical+components+manufacturer+++

NAICS:++335311+(Power,+Distribution,+and+Specialty+Transformer+Manufacturing)+

The!electrical!components!manufacturer!is!located!in!a!primarily!industrial/commercial!area!within!

Lynchburg,!Virginia.!!Products!consist!primarily!of!the!following!hazard!classes:!

! Flammable!liquids!

! NonGFlammable!gases!

! Flammable!gases!

The!products!arrive!in!the!following!packaging,!and!rates!(shipments!may!be!combinedGresults!are!

expressed!as!a!maximum!foreseeable):!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!37!
!

! MC!331!!24!per!year!

! MC!338!!30!per!year!

! MC!307!or!MC!312!48!per!year!

! Cargo!!18!per!year!(Totes!and!drums)!

Estimated!total!transportation!impact!(hazardous!materials!loads)!per!year:!!120!

Fertilizer+transfer+facility+

NAICS:++424910+(Farm+Supplies+Merchant+Wholesalers)++

The!fertilizer!transfer!facility!is!located!near!the!boundaries!of!an!industrial/commercial!area,!and!is!

adjacent!to!a!moderately!populated!residential!area.!!Chemicals!listed!are!received!primarily!by!rail,!

served!by!a!rail!spur.!!Fertilizers!are!then!loaded!onto!cargo!trucks!(openGtop!bin!type!or!dry!bulk)!for!

distribution!to!customers.!!Shipments!from!the!facility!are!not!placarded.!!However,!utilizing!the!

Environmental!Protection!Agency!(EPA)!and!EPCRA!definition!of!a!hazardous!chemical!which!states!that!

a!hazardous!chemical!is!any!chemical,!element,!chemical!compound(s),!or!mixture(s)!of!elements!

and/or!compounds!with!hazardous!characteristics,!the!product(s)!are!a!hazardous!chemical,!primarily!

an!irritant!(https://www.epa.gov/epcra/epcraGsectionsG311G312#hazardous%20chemical).!!The!products!

shipped!are!largely!seasonal,!with!shipments!coinciding!with!the!local!growing!seasons,!but!shipments!

and!deliveries!can!occur!at!any!time!of!year.!!Estimated!hazardous!materials!load!impact!is!not!factored!

as!they!are!not!categorized!as!DOT!Hazardous!Materials!shipments.!

Manufacturing+Facility+

NAICS:++325620+(Toilet+Preparations+Manufacturing)+

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!38!
!

This!manufacturing!facility!is!located!within!a!residential!area!in!Lynchburg,!Virginia.!!Hazardous!

materials!are!received!in!volume!throughout!the!year.!!Products!consist!primarily!of!the!following!

hazard!classes:!

! Flammable!liquids!

! Corrosive!liquids!and!solids!

The!products!arrive!in!the!following!packaging,!and!rates!(shipments!may!be!combinedGresults!are!

expressed!as!a!maximum!foreseeable):!

! MC!306/406!!112!per!year!

! MC!307!or!MC!312!244!per!year!

! Mixed!Loads!(MC!307!and/or!Cargo)!!185!per!year!

! Cargo!!699!per!year!

Estimated!total!transportation!impact!(hazardous!materials!loads)!per!year:!!1,240!

The!three!Tier!II!facilities!with!discernible!and!credible!data!add!a!hazardous!materials!transportation!

load!to!the!Lynchburg,!Virginia!area!of!at+least!1,557!loads!per!year,!or!on!average!4!per!day.!!Totals!by!

carrier!type!based!on!likely!transportation!methods:!

! MC!306/406!!113!per!year!

! MC!307!or!MC!312!448!per!year!!

! MC!331!!24!per!year!

! MC!338!!30!per!year!

! Dry!Bulk!!12!per!year!

! Cargo!!745!per!year!

! Mixed!or!unknown!!185!per!year!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!39!
!

8.! Analysis,+Conclusions,+and+Recommendations+

Hwy!460!near!811!carries!hazardous!materials!loads!and!commercial!motor!vehicle!traffic!that!far!

exceed!the!rates!and!volumes!of!other!observed!roadways!by!a!factor!of!2!or!more!in!some!cases.!!The!

high!volume!of!light!vehicle!traffic,!commercial!motor!vehicle!traffic!and!the!corresponding!percentages!

of!hazardous!materials!increases!the!risks!of!an!incident!involving!a!hazardous!material.!!Risk!is!

expressed!as!a!function!of!consequence,!likelihood,!and!vulnerability.!!Considering!the!rates,!volumes,!

and!proximity!to!threatened!populations,!this!location!poses!a!risk!to!the!community!greater!than!other!

locations!observed.!!Recommendations:!

! Considering!the!traffic!and!hazardous!materials!flow!rates!and!volumes,!consider!educating!

New!London!Academy!Elementary!and!the!community!atGlarge!in!the!area!on!the!risks,!and!

potential!response!to!a!hazardous!materials!event!or!incident.!

! Evaluate!this!location!for!concentrated!enforcement!of!traffic!laws!to!reduce!risks.!

! Consider!equipment!placement!and!capabilities!in!accordance!with!the!following!

recommendation.!

Equipment!placement!and!equipment!capability!was!not!considered!as!part!of!this!study.!!If!a!response!

station!has!equipment!designed!to!address!highway!emergencies,!and!is!located!away!from!locations!

and!risk,!consideration!may!be!given!to!studying!the!correlation!between!capabilities,!equipment,!and!

risk!location.!!Recommendation:!

! Consider!an!evaluation!of!equipment!placement.!

Many!specialized!containers!are!used!to!transport!hazardous!materials!including!the!DOT!MC!groups.!!

Response!to!these!incidents!requires!very!specialized!training!to!mitigate!the!effects!of!a!release.!!The!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!area!should!evaluate!the!status!of!specialized!roadway!container!response!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!40!
!

technicians!in!the!area.!!In!addition,!one!may!also!consider!personnel!placement!according!to!

specialization!and!risk.!!Recommendation:!

! Evaluate!personnel!training!and!placement.!

Specialized!containers!represented!the!greatest!highway!transportation!method!on!roadways.!!The!MCG

307!(specialized!chemical!transport)!and!other!container!types!require!specialized!equipment!and!

training.!!Recommendation:!

! Hold/conduct/attend!specialized!highway!cargo!container!emergency!training!if!capabilities!do!

not!already!exist.!

Six!of!the!ten!Tier!II!facilities!selected!for!transportation!evaluation!elected!to!not!participate.!!Two!out!

of!the!four!evaluated!facilities!were!asked!if!they!knew!what!the!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee!is!

and!does,!and!they!did!not!know.!!A!third!facility!was!not!asked,!and!the!fourth!currently!participates!in!

the!LEPC.!!Tier!II!facilities!may!have!no!knowledge!of!what!the!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee!

(LEPC)!is!or!does!other!than!collect!Tier!II!reports.!!Although!many!have!experience!with!local!Fire!

Department!inspections,!this!may!or!may!not!be!related!to!the!functions!and!mission!of!the!LEPC.!!

Recommendation:!

! Establish!relationships!with!Tier!II!facilities!through!the!LEPC.!!!

Tier!II!facilities!that!were!contacted!(less!than!10%!of!Tier!II!reports)!provided!comprehensive!

information!regarding!their!hazardous!materials!transportation!impact!on!the!community.!!As!evidenced!

by!the!limited!Tier!II!transportation!data!collected,!this!has!the!possibility!of!being!a!substantial!impact!

and!subsequent!risk!to!the!community.!!In!addition,!even!with!the!limited!number!of!facilities!contacted!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!41!
!

a!tremendous!range!of!transportation!carriers!and!methods!of!loading/unloading!were!encountered.!!

Recommendation:!

! Utilize!forged!relationships!with!Tier!II!facilities!to!examine!loading/transGloading/unloading!

operations!to!determine!potential!release!scenarios!and!undertake!planning!activities!

associated!with!the!risks.!

None!of!the!Tier!II!facilities!contacted!undertake!any!efforts!to!verify!the!safety!records!of!the!

independent!carriers!that!transport!their!hazardous!materials!shipments.!!This!effort!can!pay!dividends!

by!reducing!Tier!II!facility!and!community!risk!by!potentially!eliminating!highGrisk!carriers.!!

Recommendation:!

! The!LEPC!through!relationships!developed!with!Tier!II!facilities,!can!educate!themselves!and!

their!Tier!II!facilities!on!the!Safety!and!Fitness!Electronic!Records!(SAFER)!System!available!at!no!

cost!through!the!Federal!Motor!Carrier!Safety!Administration!

(FMCSA).(www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety/companyGsafetyGrecords)!!

Roadside!transportation!observations!were!made!over!a!short!period!of!time,!and!represent!just!a!small!

snapshot!of!the!roadway!during!late!summer.!!Seasonal!variations!do!occur!and!can!be!verified!with!

limited!effort.!!The!LEPC!can!assist!in!coordinating!activities!for!future!validation!of!potential!seasonal!

variations.!!OneGday!roadside!observation!at!a!minimum!(3!recommended)!at!the!same!locations!can!aid!

the!community!in!understanding!any!potential!seasonal!variations.!!Recommendation:!

! Conduct!followGup!roadside!observations!during!Q4G2017,!Q1G2018,!and!Q3G2018.!

Any!hazardous!material!can!be!transported!at!any!time,!by!any!mode.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!42!
!

9.! Appendices+

a.! NFPA+704+Chemical+Placarding+/+Labeling+System++

As!commodities!were!determined!they!were!evaluated!for!their!impacts!on!the!community.!!The!NFPA!

704!classification!standard!is!a!nationally!recognized!and!approved!classification!system!that!is!intended!

to!protect!the!health!and!safety!of!individuals!who!respond!to!fire!and!chemical!emergencies!in!

facilities,!transportation!or!locations!where!the!hazards!of!materials!are!not!readily!apparent!or!known.!

The!standard!addresses!the!health,!flammability,!instability!and!related!hazards!that!are!presented!by!

shortGterm,!acute!exposure!to!a!material!during!a!fire,!spill!or!other!emergencyGrelated!condition.!!

NFPA!704!is!a!simple,!recognizable!and!easily!understood!marking!system!that!provides!a!general!idea!of!

the!severity!of!the!hazards!of!a!material.!The!standard!applies!to!industrial,!commercial!and!institutional!

facilities!that!manufacture,!process,!use!or!store!hazardous!materials.!!

Figure+27.+Representative+NFPA+704+Symbol+

Hazard!Symbols:!

A!system!of!categories,!colors!and!numbers!was!created!to!provide!basic!hazard!information.!It!enables!

personnel!to!easily!decide!whether!or!not!to!evacuate!an!area!or!proceed!with!operations.!The!three!

principal!categories!of!identification!are:!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!43!
!

! Health,!Flammability!and!Reactivity!(Instability).!!

! A!numerical!range!of!0!to!4!indicates!the!severity!of!the!hazard.!!

o! 4!indicates!the!MOST!severe!and!

o! 0!indicates!a!MINIMAL!hazard.!!

! The!information!is!presented!in!a!color!and!spatial!arrangement!of!the!numerical!ratings:!

o! Health!Hazard,!BLUE,!at!the!9!oclock!position;!!

o! Flammability!Rating,!RED,!at!the!12!oclock!position;!!

o! Reactivity!(Instability)!Rating,!YELLOW,!at!the!3!oclock!position.!!

o! Special!Information!Rating,!WHITE,!at!the!6!oclock!position!is!reserved!for!indicating!

special!information!such!as:!!!

!! If!the!product!is!water!reactive!it!will!contain!the!letter!W!with!a!line!through!

the!center.!!

!! If!the!chemical!possesses!oxidizing!concern!it!would!be!identified!by!the!letters!

OX!or!OXY.!

Throughout!this!report!one!will!find!that!all!the!chemicals!identified!have!been!classified!into!the!NFPA!

704!system!to!aid!planners!and!responders!in!quickly!identifying!the!hazards!associated!with!the!

chemicals.!

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!44!
!

NFPA!704!Chemical!Information!

Figure+28.+NFPA+704+Health+Hazard+Ratings+

Figure+29.++NFPA+704+Flammability+Ratings+

Figure+30.++NFPA+704+Reactivity+Ratings++

! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!45!
!

b.! Full+Chemical+List+

Table+1.+List+of+Chemicals+observed+being+transported+

UN+ Chemical+Name+ Hazzard+ NFPA+704+Rating+ ERG+ Quantity+


Number+ Guide+
1023! Compressed!Coal!Gas! Poisonous! 2! 4! 0! 119! 1!
Gas/Flammable!Gas!
1046! Helium! Inert! 3! 0! 0! 121! 2!
1053! Hydrogen!Sulfide! Poisonous! 4! 4! 0! 117! 1!
Gas/Flammable!Gas!
1057! FLAMMABLE!GASES!!Hazard! Flammable! 1! 4! 1! 115! 2!
Class!2!
1072! Oxygen! Oxidizer!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 122! 2!
1073! Oxygen,!Refrigerated! Oxidizer!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 122! 5!
1075! LPG!(Propane)! Flammable!Gas! 1! 4! 0! 115! 143!
!! PETROLEUM!GASES! Flammable! 1! 4! 0! 115! !
!! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! !
1079! Sulphur!Dioxide! Inhalation!! 3! 0! 0! 125! 1!
1090! Acetone! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 127! 3!
1133! Adhesive! Flammable!Liquid! 2!! !3! 0!! 128! 3!
1170! Ethanol! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 127! 4!
1173! Ethyl!Acetate! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 129! 1!
1203! Gasohol,!Gasoline,!etc.! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 128! 486!
1210! Printers!Ink! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 129! 3!
1213! Isobutyl!Acetate! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1219! Isopropanol! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 129! 2!
1220! Isopropanol! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 129! 4!
1231! Methyl!Acetate! Flammable!Liquid! 2! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1263! Paint!Related!Material! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 128! 7!
1268! Petroleum!Distillates,!NOS! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 128! 3!
!! Petroleum!Distillates,!NOS! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 128! !
1275! Propionaldehyde! Flammable!Liquid! 2! 3! 2! 129! 2!
1294! Toluene! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 130! 3!
1593! Dichloromethane! Poison! 2! 1! 0! 160! 4!
1595! Dimethyl!Sulfate! Poison/!Corrosive! 4! 2! 1! 156! 1!
1709! Toluenediamine! Poison! !3! 0! 0! 151! 1!
1789! Hydrochloric!Acid! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 157! 1!
!! Hydrochloric!Acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 157! !
1791! Hypochlorite!Solution! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 10!
1805! Phosphoric!acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 1!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!46!
!

1814! Potassium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 3!


1824! Sodium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 7!
!! Sodium!Hydroxide/!Caustic! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! !
Soda!
1830! Sulfuric!Acid! Corrosive! 3! 0! 2! 137! 1!
1863! Aviation!Fuel! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 128! 1!
1866! Resin!solution! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 127! 3!
1869! Magnesium! Flammable!Solid! 0! 1! 1! 138! 1!
1903! Disinfectants,!corrosive,!liquid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 2! 0! 0! 153! 2!
NOS!
1942! Ammonium!Nitrate! Oxidizer! 0! 0! 3! 140! 1!
1951! Argon,!Refrigerated!Liquid! Inert! 3! 0! 0! 120! 4!
1975! Dinitrogen!Tetroxide!&!Nitric! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 124! 1!
Oxide!Mixture!
1977! Nitrogen,!Refrigerated! Inert!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! 8!
1978! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! 8!
1983! Chlorotrifluoroethane! Gas,!Compressed!or! 2! 4! 0! 126! 4!
Liquified!
1993! Combustible!Liquid! Combustible!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 128! 79!
!! Diesel!Fuel! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! !
1999! Asphalt/!Tar! Flammable!Liquid! 0! 1! 0! 130! 1!
2014! Hydrogen!Peroxide! Corrosive! 2! 0! 1! 140! 2!
2031! Nitric!Acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 4! 0! 0! 157! 4!
2187! Carbon!Dioxide! Refrigerated!Gases! 3! 0! 0! 120! 11!
!! Carbon!Dioxide,!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 120! !
Liquid!
!! Carbon!Dioxide!!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! !
2209! Formaldehyde!Solution! Corrosive! 3! 2! 0! 132! 1!
2215! Maleic!Anhydride! Corrosive! 3! 1! 1! 156! 5!
2218! Acrylic!Acid! Corrosive/!Flammable! 3! 2! 2! 132! 2!
2582! Ferric!Chloride! Flammable! 3! 0! 2! 154! 2!
2751! Diethylthiophosphoryl! Corrosive! 3!! 2! 0! 155! 1!
chloride!
2794! Batteries! Corrosive!! !! !! !! 154! 2!
2880! Calcium!hypochlorite! Oxidizer! 3! 0! 1! 140! 2!
2922! Corrosive!Liquid!!! Corrosive/!Poison! 3! 1! 2! 154! 3!
3027! Coumarin!derivative!pesticide!
Toxic!! 2! 1! 0! 151!! 1!
solid,!poisonous,!solid!toxic!
3082! Dangerous,!Environmental! Toxic! 2! 1! 1! 171! 2!
Hazard!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!47!
!

3093! Corrosive!Liquid,!Oxidizing! Corrosive/!Oxidizer!! 3!! 1!! 3! 140! 1!


3170! Aluminum!dross! Water!reactive!/! 1! 1! 1! 138! 1!
Flammable!gas!
3226! SelfGReactive!Solid!Type!D! Flammable!Solid!! !2! 1! 3! 149! 1!
3254! Tributylphosphane! Spontaneously! 1! 3! 2! 135! 1!
Combustible!!
3257! Elevated!Temperature! Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! 11!
!! Elevated!Temperature! Hot!/!Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! !
Product!
3264! CORROSIVE!G!Hazard!Class!8! Corrosive! 3! 1! 2! 154! 3!
3266! Corrosive!Liquid!NOS! Corrosive! 3! 1! 2! 154! 1!
3294! Hydrogen!cyanide! Poison! 4! 4! 1! 131! 1!
Inhalation/Flammable!
Liquid!
3295! Hydrocarbons! Flammable!Liquid! 2!! 3! 0! 128! 1!
3313! Organic!pigments! Spontaneously! 0!! 1! 0! 135! 1!
Combustible!!
3336! Mercaptan!mixture! Flammable!Liquid! 3!! 4! 0! 130! 1!
3375! Ammonium!nitrate! Oxidizer! 0! 0! 3! 140! 6!
!! Oxygen!! ! 0!! 0! 0! !! 2!
! Not!Otherwise!Specified! ! ! ! ! ! 447!
Total! ! ! ! ! ! ! 1338!
!

! +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!48!
!

c.! Chemical+Lists+by+Location+

Table+2.+Hazardous+Materials+observed+at+location,+Hwy+29+near+Amherst+

Hwy!29!near!Amherst!

ERG+
Number+ Chemical+Name+ Hazzard+ NFPA+704+Rating+ Quantity+
Guide+
FLAMMABLE!GASES!!Hazard!
1057!
Class!2!
Flammable! 1! 4! 1! 115! 1!
1072! Oxygen! Oxidizer!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 122! 2!
1075! LPG!(Propane)! Flammable!Gas! 1! 4! 0! 115! 20!
!! PETROLEUM!GASES! Flammable! 1! 4! 0! 115! !!
!! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! !!
1133! Adhesive! Flammable!Liquid! !2! 3! 0! 128! 1!
1203! Gasohol,!Gasoline,!etc.! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 128! 34!
1709! Toluenediamine! Poison! 3!! 0! 0! 151! 1!
1824! Sodium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 2!
Sodium!Hydroxide/!Caustic!
!! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! !!
Soda!
1830! Sulfuric!Acid! Corrosive! 3! 0! 2! 137! 1!
1978! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! 6!
Gas,!Compressed!or!
1983! Chlorotrifluoroethane! 2! 4! 0! 126! 4!
Liquified!
1993! Combustible!Liquid! Combustible!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 128! 8!
!! Diesel!Fuel! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! !!
2187! Carbon!Dioxide! Refrigerated!Gases! 3! 0! 0! 120! 1!
Carbon!Dioxide,!Refrigerated!
!! Inert!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Liquid!
!! Carbon!Dioxide!!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
2209! Formaldehyde!Solution! Corrosive! 3! 2! 0! 132! 1!
2215! Maleic!Anhydride! Corrosive! 3! 1! 1! 156! 1!
3257! Elevated!Temperature! Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! 1!
!! Elevated!Temperature!Product! HOT!/!Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! !!
!! Not!Otherwise!Specified! !! !! !! !! !! 55!
Total! !! !! !! !! !! !! 139!
! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!49!
!

Table+3.+Hazardous+Materials+observed+at+location,+Hwy+29+near+Phillips+Wayside++

Hwy!29!Phillips!Wayside!

ERG+
Number+ Chemical+Name+ Hazzard+ NFPA+704+Rating+ Quantity+
Guide+
1046! Helium! Inert! 3! 0! 0! 121! 2!
FLAMMABLE!GASES!!Hazard!
1057! Flammable! 1! 4! 1! 115! 1!
Class!2!
1073! Oxygen,!Refrigerated! Oxidizer!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 122! 4!
1075! LPG!(Propane)! Flammable!Gas! 1! 4! 0! 115! 45!
!! PETROLEUM!GASES! Flammable! 1! 4! 0! 115! !!
!! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! !!
1079! Sulphur!Dioxide! Inhalation!! 3! 0! 0! 125!! 1!
1170! Ethanol! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 127! 2!
1203! Gasohol,!Gasoline,!etc.! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 128! 86!
1213! Isobutyl!Acetate! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1263! Paint!Related!Material! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 128! 3!
1791! Hypochlorite!Solution! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 2!
1814! Potassium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 1!
1824! Sodium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 2!
Sodium!Hydroxide/!Caustic!
!! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! !!
Soda!
1863! Aviation!Fuel! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 128! 1!
1866! Resin!solution! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 127! 1!
1869! Magnesium! Flammable!Solid! 0! 1! 1! 138! 1!
Disinfectants,!corrosive,!liquid!
1903! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 2! 0! 0! 153! 1!
NOS!
Dinitrogen!Tetroxide!&!Nitric!
1975! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 124! 1!
Oxide!Mixture!
1977! Nitrogen,!Refrigerated! Inert!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! 4!
1978! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! 2!
1993! Combustible!Liquid! Combustible!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 128! 24!
!! Diesel!Fuel! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! !!
1999! Asphalt/!Tar! Flammable!Liquid! 0! 1! 0! 130! 1!
2031! Nitric!Acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 4! 0! 0! 157! 4!
2187! Carbon!Dioxide! Refrigerated!Gases! 3! 0! 0! 120! 1!
Carbon!Dioxide,!Refrigerated!
!! Inert!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Liquid!
!! Carbon!Dioxide!!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
2215! Maleic!Anhydride! Corrosive! 3! 1! 1! 156! 4!
2218! Acrylic!Acid! Corrosive/!Flammable! 3! 2! 2! 132! 2!
Coumarin!derivative!pesticide!
3027! Toxic!! 2! 1! 0! 151!! 1!
solid,!poisonous,!solid!toxic!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!50!
!

3093! Corrosive!Liquid,!Oxidizing! Corrosive/!Oxidizer!! !3! 1! 3! 140! 1!


Spontaneously!
3254! Tributylphosphane 1! 3! 2! 135! 1!
Combustible!!
3257! Elevated!Temperature! Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! 2!
Elevated!Temperature!
!! HOT!/!Flammable! 1! 2! 1! 128! !!
Product!
3264! CORROSIVE!G!Hazard!Class!8! Corrosive! 3! 1! 2! 154! 1!
Poison!
3294! Hydrogen cyanide Inhalation/Flammable! 4! 4! 1! 131! 1!
Liquid!
!! Not!Otherwise!Specified! !! !! !! !! !! 109!
Total! !! !! !! !! !! !! 313!
!

Table+4.+Hazardous+Materials+observed+at+location,+Hwy+46+near+Thomas+Terrace+

Hwy!460!near!Thomas!Terrace!

ERG+
Number+ Chemical+Name+ Hazzard+ NFPA+704+Rating+ Quantity+
Guide+
Poisonous!
1023! Compressed!Coal!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 119! 1!
Gas/Flammable!Gas!
1075! LPG!(Propane)! Flammable!Gas! 1! 4! 0! 115! 21!
!! PETROLEUM!GASES! Flammable! 1! 4! 0! 115! !!
!! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! !!
1170! Acetone! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 127! 1!
1173! Oxygen,!Refrigerated! Oxidizer!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 122! 1!
1203! Gasohol,!Gasoline,!etc.! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 128! 58!
1219! Isopropanol! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1220! Isopropanol!Acetate! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1275! Propionaldehyde! Flammable!Liquid! 2! 3! 2! 129! 2!
1595! Dimethyl!Sulfate! Poison/!Corrosive! 4! 2! 1! 156! 1!
1791! Hypochlorite!Solution! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 4!
1814! Potassium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 1!
1824! Sodium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 3!
Sodium!Hydroxide/!Caustic!
!! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! !!
Soda!
1866! Resin!solution! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 127! 2!
1951! Argon,!Refrigerated!Liquid! Inert! 3! 0! 0! 120! 2!
1977! Nitrogen,!Refrigerated! Inert!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! 2!
1993! Combustible!Liquid! Combustible!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 128! 11!
!! Diesel!Fuel! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! !!
2187! Carbon!Dioxide! Refrigerated!Gases! 3! 0! 0! 120! 2!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!51!
!

Carbon!Dioxide,!Refrigerated!
!! Inert!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Liquid!
Inert!Gas!/!
!! Carbon!Dioxide!!Refrigerated! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Cryogenic!
Corrosive/!
2582! Acrylic!Acid! 3! 2! 2! 132! 2!
Flammable!
2794! Ferric!Chloride! Flammable! 3! 0! 2! 154! 2!
2880! Calcium hypochlorite Oxidizer! 3! 0! 1! 140! 2!
2922! Corrosive!Liquid!!! Corrosive/!Poison! 3! 1! 2! 154! 2!
3264! CORROSIVE!G!Hazard!Class!8! Corrosive! 3! 1! 2! 154! 2!
3375! Ammonium nitrate Oxidizer! 0! 0! 3! 140! 2!
!! Not!Otherwise!Specified! !! !! !! !! !! 47!
Total! !! !! !! !! !! !! 173!
+

Table+5.+Hazardous+Materials+observed+at+location,+Hwy+460+near+Route+811+

Hwy!460!near!Route!811!

Number+ Chemical+Name+ Hazzard+ NFPA+704+Rating+ ERG+ Quantity+


Guide+
1053! Hydrogen!Sulfide! Poisonous! 4! 4! 0! 117! 1!
Gas/Flammable!
Gas!
1073! Oxygen,!Refrigerated! Oxidizer!/! 3! 0! 0! 122! 1!
Cryogenic!
1075! LPG!(Propane)! Flammable!Gas! 1! 4! 0! 115! 57!
!! PETROLEUM!GASES! Flammable! 1! 4! 0! 115! !!
!! Propane! Flammable!Gas! 2! 4! 0! 115! !!
1090! Acetone! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 2! 0! 127! 3!
1133! Adhesive! Flammable!Liquid! !2! 3! 0! 128! 2!
1170! Ethanol! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 127! 1!
1203! Gasohol,!Gasoline,!etc.! Flammable!Liquid! 1! 3! 0! 128! 308!
1210! Printers!Ink! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 129! 3!
1219! Isopropanol! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1220! Isopropanol!Acetate! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 129! 3!
1231! Methyl!Acetate! Flammable!Liquid! 2! 3! 0! 129! 1!
1263! Paint!Related!Material! Flammable! 1! 3! 0! 128! 4!
1268! Petroleum!Distillates,!NOS! Flammable! 1! 2! 0! 128! 3!
1294! Toluene! Flammable! 2! 3! 0! 130! 3!
1593! Dichloromethane! poison! 2! 1! 0! 160! 4!
1789! Hydrochloric!Acid! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 157! 1!
!! Hydrochloric!Acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 157! !!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!52!
!

1791! Hypochlorite!Solution! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 4!


1805! Phosphoric!acid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 3! 0! 0! 154! 1!
1814! Potassium!Hydroxide! Corrosive! 3! 0! 1! 154! 1!
1903! Disinfectants,!corrosive,!liquid! Toxic!/!Corrosive! 2! 0! 0! 153! 1!
NOS!
1942! Ammonium!Nitrate! Oxidizer! 0! 0! 3! 140! 1!
1951! Argon,!Refrigerated!Liquid! Inert! 3! 0! 0! 120! 2!
1977! Nitrogen,!Refrigerated! Inert!/!Cryogenic! 3! 0! 0! 120! 2!
1993! Combustible!Liquid! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! 36!
Liquid!
!! Diesel!Fuel! Combustible! 1! 2! 0! 128! !!
2014! Hydrogen!Peroxide! Corrosive! 2! 0! 1! 140! 2!
2187! Carbon!Dioxide! Refrigerated!Gases! 3! 0! 0! 120! 7!
!! Carbon!Dioxide,!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Liquid!
!! Carbon!Dioxide!!Refrigerated! Inert!Gas!/! 3! 0! 0! 120! !!
Cryogenic!
2751! Diethylthiophosphoryl chloride Corrosive! !! !! !! 155! 1!
2922! Corrosive!Liquid!!! Corrosive/!Poison! 3! 1! 2! 154! 1!
3082! Dangerous,!Environmental! Toxic! 2! 1! 1! 171! 2!
Hazard!
3170! Aluminum!dross! Water!reactive!/! 1! 1! 1! 138! 1!
Flammable!gas!
3226! SelfGReactive!Solid!Type!D! Flammable!Solid!! !2! 1! 3! 149! 1!
3257! Elevated!Temperature! Flammable! !1! 2! 1! !! 8!
!! Elevated!Temperature!Product! Hot!/!Flammable! !1! 2! 1! !! !!
3266! Corrosive!Liquid!NOS! Corrosive! 3! 1! 2! 154! 1!
3295! Hydrocarbons Flammable!Liquid! !2! 3! 0! 128! 1!
3313! Organic pigments Spontaneously! !0! 1! 0! 135! 1!
Combustible!!
3336! Mercaptan mixture Flammable!Liquid! !3! 4! 0! 130! 1!
3375! Ammonium nitrate Oxidizer! 0! 0! 3! 140! 4!
OXYGEN! !! !! 0! 0! 0! !! 2!
!! Not!Otherwise!Specified! !! !! !! !! !! 236!
Total! !! !! !! !! !! !! 713!
! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!53!
!

d.! Glossary+

1.! Authorities+having+jurisdiction!!Political!subdivision!such!as!a!city,!town,!county!or!special!district!

granted!authority!by!legislative!action!that!governs!certain!activities!

2.! Hazard+Class:!The!hazard!class!designation!for!the!material!as!found!in!the!DOT!regulations,!49!CFR.!!

There!are!currently!9!DOT!hazard!classes!which!are!divided!into!22!divisions.!!

3.! Hazardous+Material:!Any!substance!or!material!in!any!form!or!quantity!that!poses!an!unreasonable!

risk!to!safety!and!health!and!property!when!transported!in!commerce!(Source:!DOT,!49!Code!of!

Federal!Regulations!(CFR!171).!!

4.! Hazardous+Materials+Load+Class+and+Division:+

Class+1+Explosives:!An!explosive!is!any!substance!or!article,!including!a!device,!which!is!designed!to!

function!by!explosion,!i.e.!an!extremely!rapid!release!of!gas!and!heat,!or!which,!by!chemical!reaction!

within!itself,!is!able!to!function!in!a!similar!manner!even!if!not!designed!to!function!by!explosion,!unless!

it!is!otherwise!classified!under!the!provision!of!the!regulations.!

Division+1.1!!Explosives!that!have!a!mass!explosion!hazard,!i.e.!a!mass!explosion!affects!the!

entire!load!instantaneously.!

Division+1.2!!Explosives!that!have!a!projection!hazard!but!not!a!mass!explosion!hazard.!

Division+1.3!!Explosives!that!have!a!fire!hazard!and!either!a!minor!blast!hazard!or!minor!

projection!hazard!or!both,!but!not!a!mass!explosion!hazard.!

Division+1.4!!Explosives!that!present!minor!explosion!hazard.!The!explosive!effects!are!largely!

confined!to!the!package!and!no!projection!or!fragments!of!appreciable!size!or!range!are!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!54!
!

expected.!An!external!fire!must!not!cause!virtually!instantaneous!explosion!of!almost!the!entire!

contents!of!the!package.!

Division+1.5!!Very!insensitive!explosives!that!have!a!mass!explosion!hazard!but!are!so!

insensitive!that!there!is!little!probability!of!initiation!or!of!transition!from!burning!to!detonation!

under!normal!conditions!of!transport.!

Division+1.6!!Extremely!insensitive!articles!that!do!not!have!a!mass!explosive!hazard!and!that!

contain!only!extremely!insensitive!detonating!substances!and!demonstrate!a!negligible!

probability!of!accidental!initiation!or!propagation.!

Class+2+Gases:!includes!all!gases!which!are!compressed!and!stored!for!transportation.!!

Division+2.1!G!Flammable!Gas!!A!material!that!is!a!gas!at!20!C!or!below!and!101.3!kPa!of!

pressure!(ambient!temperature!and!pressure),!i.e.!the!material!has!a!boiling!point!of!20!C!at!

sea!level!and!is!ignitable!when!in!a!mixture!of!13!percent!or!less!by!volume!with!air.!!Or!has!a!

flammability!range!with!air!of!at!least!12%!regardless!of!the!lower!limit.!

Division+2.2!G!NonGFlammable/NonGPoisonous!Compressed!Gas!!A!material!or!mixture!that!

exerts!in!the!packaging!an!absolute!pressure!of!280!kPa!(40.6!psi)!or!greater!at!20!C!and!does!

not!meet!the!definition!of!Division!2.1!or!2.3.!!This!includes!compressed!gas,!liquefied!gas,!

pressurized!cryogenic!gas,!compressed!gas!in!solution,!asphyxiate!gas!and!oxidizing!gas.!

Division+2.3!!Gas!Poisonous!by!Inhalation!!A!material!that!is!a!gas!at!20!C!or!below!and!101.3!

kPa!of!pressure!(ambient!temperature!and!pressure),!i.e.!the!material!has!a!boiling!point!of!20!

C!at!sea!level!and!is!known!to!be!so!toxic!to!humans!as!to!pose!a!hazard!during!transportation.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!55!
!

Class+3+Flammable+and+Combustible+Liquids:+Any!material!in!a!liquid!phase!with!a!flash!point!!37.8!C!

(100!F)!that!is!intentionally!heated!and!offered!for!transport!or!transported!at!or!above!its!flash!point!

in!bulk!packaging.!

Class!3!Combustible!liquids!are!a!liquid!that!does!not!meet!the!definition!of!any!other!hazard!class!and!

has!a!flash!point!of!>!60.5!C!(141!F)!and!!93!C!(200!F).!

Class+4+Flammable+Solids:+Spontaneously!combustible!materials;!and!Dangerous!when!wet!

materials/WaterGreactive!substances.!!

Division+4.1!!Flammable!Solids!

Division+4.2!!Spontaneously!combustible!

Division+4.3!!Dangerous!When!Wet!materials!are!materials!that,!when!in!contact!with!water,!

are!liable!to!become!spontaneously!flammable!or!to!give!off!flammable!or!toxic!gas!at!a!rate!of!

>!1L/kg!of!material/hr.!

Class+5+Oxidizers:+Oxidizing!and!Agents!and!Organic!Peroxides!

Division+5.1+Z+!Oxidizers!are!materials!that!can,!generally!by!yielding!oxygen,!cause!or!enhance!

the!combustion!of!other!materials.!

Division+5.2!!Organic!Peroxides!are!any!organic!compounds!containing!oxygen!in!a!bivalent!OG

OG!structure!and!which!may!be!considered!derivatives!of!hydrogen!peroxide,!where!one!or!more!

of!the!hydrogen!atoms!have!been!replaced!by!organic!radicals.!!

Class+6+Toxic+and+Infections+substances:!Poisonous!materials!are!materials,!other!than!gases,!known!to!

be!so!toxic!to!humans!that!it!presents!a!health!hazard!during!transportation.!

Division+6.1+!Toxic!substances!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!56!
!

Division+6.2!!Infections!substances!

Class+7:!Radioactive!materials:!substances!that!emit!radiation.!

Class+8+!Corrosive!substances!G!Corrosive!materials!are!liquids!or!solids!that!cause!full!thickness!

destruction!of!human!skin!at!the!site!of!contact!within!a!specified!period!of!time;!or!a!liquid!that!has!a!

severe!corrosion!rate!on!steel!or!aluminum!based!on!criteria!in!173.137(c)(2).!!A!liquid!is!considered!to!

have!a!severe!corrosion!rate!if!it!corrodes!steel!(SAE!1020)!or!aluminum!(nonGclad!7075GT6)!faster!than!

6.25!mm!(0.246!in.)!a!year!at!a!temperature!of!55!C!(131!F).!

Class+9+!Miscellaneous!hazardous!materials!Products,!substances!or!Organisms!G!Hazardous!Materials!

are!materials!that!present!a!hazard!during!transportation!but!dont!meet!the!definitions!of!hazard!

classes!1!!8.!

5.! Local+Emergency+Planning+Committees:!A!committee!appointed!by!a!state!emergency!response!

commission,!as!required!by!SARA!Title!III!to!formulate!a!comprehensive!emergency!plan!for!its!

corresponding!local!government!or!mutual!aid!region.!!!

6.! MC++306/406:!! Non!(low)!pressure!bulk!liquid!cargo!tank!

7.! MC++307:!! ! Low!pressure!bulk!liquid!cargo!tank!

8.! MC++312:! !! Corrosives!Cargo!Tank!

9.! MC++331:!! ! Hi!Pressure!Cargo!Tank!

10.!MC++338:!! ! Insulated!Cargo!Tank!

11.!North+American+Emergency+Response+Guidebook+(ERG):!A!nationally!recognized!guidebook!

provided!by!PHMSA!that!provides!first!responders!with!a!goGto!manual!to!help!deal!with!hazardous!

material!accidents!during!the!critical!first!30!minutes.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!57!
!

12.!Placard:!Approximately!10.75!inch!square!markings!required!under!DOT!regulations!and!applied!to!

both!ends!and!each!side!of!freight!containers,!cargo!tanks,!and!portable!tank!containers.!!Factors!

such!as!the!individual!package!labels,!the!size!of!individual!packages!and!the!total!quantity!of!the!

product!will!determine!the!correct!placard!to!be!used.!!

13.!Poisonous+or+Toxic+Materials!are!materials,!other!than!a!gas,!known!to!be!so!toxic!to!humans!as!to!

pose!a!health!hazard!during!transportation,!or!which,!in!the!absence!of!adequate!human!toxicity!

data:!Is!presumed!to!be!toxic!to!humans!because!it!is!within!one!of!the!following!when!tested!on!lab!

animals:!

a.! Oral!toxicity:!a!material!with!an!LD50!of!300!mg/kg.!

b.! Dermal!toxicity:!a!material!with!an!LD50!of!1000!mg/kg!

c.! Inhalation!toxicity:!a!dust!or!mist!with!an!LC50!for!acute!toxicity!on!inhalation!of!4.0!mg/L;!

or!a!material!with!a!saturated!vapor!conc.!in!air!at!20C!of!more!than!1/5!of!the!LC50!for!

acute!toxicity!on!inhalation!of!vapors!and!with!an!LC50!for!acute!toxicity!on!inhalation!of!

vapors!of!<!5000!mL/m3!

Is!a!material!with!properties!similar!to!tear!gas!that!causes!extreme!irritation,!especially!in!confined!

spaces.!

Toxins!that!are!extracted!from!a!living!source!like!plant,!animal,!or!bacteria!are!called!biotoxins!and!

could!be!considered!toxic!if!the!LD50!meets!the!criteria!stated!above.!

14.!UN/NA+number:!UN!numbers!or!UN!IDs!are!fourGdigit!numbers!that!identify!hazardous!substances,!

and!articles!(such!as!explosives,!flammable!liquids,!toxic!substances,!etc.)!in!the!framework!of!

international!transport.!NA!numbers!(North!America),!also!known!as!DOT!numbers!are!issued!by!

the!United!States!DOT!and!are!identical!to!UN!numbers,!except!that!some!substances!without!a!UN!

number!may!have!an!NA!number.!These!additional!NA!numbers!use!the!range!NA8000!G!NA9999.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!58!
!

15.!Water+miscible:!forming!a!homogeneous!mixture!when!added!with!water.!

16.!Water+Reactive:!A!water!reactive!substance!is!one!that!undergoes!a!chemical!reaction!with!water.!!

+ +

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!59!
!

e.! +Curriculum+Vitae+

Kenneth+C.+Rost,+CHMP,+ABCP+
ken@bluerockone.com!
720G389G9410!
!

Professional+Profile+
Kenneth!C.!Rost!is!a!Business!Continuity!professional!with!extensive!experience!in!emergency!
management,!environmental!compliance,!incident!management,!public!safety!and!hazardous!materials.!
!
Professional+Experience+
President+and+Owner,+Blue+Rock+Enterprises,+LLC+
International!business!venture!focused!on!the!protection!and!preservation!of!life,!the!environment!and!
property.!!!
!
Specialize:!business!continuity!consulting,!emergency!response!consulting,!hazardous!materials!training,!
incident!command!system!training!
Provide:!custom!programs!and!solutions!for!focused!on!people,!plans!and!preparedness!including!
disaster!readiness,!exercise!design!and!evaluation.!
Plan:!Alternative!Fuel!Response!Considerations,!3AM!Chem,!Incident!Readiness!Immersion!System,!
Incident!Readiness!Immersion!for!Schools,!Practical!Rad!Response,!Resource!Roundup!for!Responders,!
Hazardous!Materials!Safety!Officer!and!Site!Operations.!
!
CoZOwner,+TK+Hazards+Mitigation+Group,+LLC/+Signet+North+America+
International!business!venture!providing!hazardous!materials!training,!incident!command!system!
training,!business!continuity!and!emergency!response!consulting.!
Specialize:!Disaster!exercise!design!and!evaluation!
Provide:!Emergency!Response!training!of!personnel!globally.!
Plan:!Develop!emergency!response!plans!for!global!entities.!E85!and!Alternative!Fuels!curriculum!
creation!and!training!of!thousands!of!responders!nationally!and!internationally!
!
Consultant,+Signet+North+America+(Saskatoon,+SK,+Canada)++
Environmental!incident!response!and!remediation!company.!
Specialize:!Hazardous!Materials!training,!incident!command!system!training!
Provide:!Business!continuity!consulting,!emergency!response!consulting.!
Plan:!Disaster!exercise!design!and!evaluation!and!training!of!response!personnel!
!
Douglas+County+Sheriffs+Office,+Castle+Rock,+CO.++
Local!and!regional!emergency!management.!
Specialize:!Hazardous!materials!response!team!command.!100+!HazMat!Technicians,!250+!HazMat!
Operations,!and!all!first!responder!awareness.!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!60!
!

Provide:!Emergency!Management!services!to!metropolitan,!suburban!and!rural!populations.!!Disaster!
exercise!design!and!evaluation,!responsible!for!hazardous!materials!response!and!cleanup!within!all!
unincorporated!areas!of!the!county.!
Plan:!Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee!chairman,!regional!effort!in!school!chemical!remediation.!
!
Education+ +
Certified!Hazardous!Materials!Practitioner!(CHMP),!Institute!of!Hazardous!Materials!Management!
(IHMM)!
Associate!Business!Continuity!Professional!(ABCP),!DRI!International,!New!York!
Hazardous!Materials!Site!Operations,!National!Fire!Academy!
Hazardous!Materials!Incident!Command,!National!Fire!Academy!
Hazardous!Materials!Chemistry,!National!Fire!Academy!
Hazardous!Materials!Technician,!State!of!Colorado!
Environmental!Protection!Agency!(Inspector!course)!
Modular!Emergency!Radiological!Response!Trainer,!Department!of!Energy!
Emergency!Management!Courses;!Incident!Command!System,!Decisions!Making!in!a!Crisis,!Emergency!
Operations!Center,!National!Incident!Management!System,!Emergency!Manager,!MultiGHazard!Planning!
for!Schools,!Homeland!Security!Planning!for!Local!Governments!
Hazardous!Materials:!Hazardous!Materials!Technician,!Operations,!and!Awareness.!Hazardous!Materials!
Safety!Officer!and!Site!Operations,!Alternative!Fuels!Response!Considerations.!IATA,!IMO,!IMDG,!DOT!
Transportation!Instructor.!Department!of!Energy!Modular!Emergency!Radiological!Response!Instructor.!
Incident!Command!System:!ICSG100!through!ICSG400,!MultiGAgency!Command!System,!National!Incident!
Management!System.!
!
Accomplishments+
Hazardous!Materials!Voluntary!Certification!Board,!State!of!Colorado.!Appointed!by!Governor!Bill!
Owens.!
Certified!Hazardous!Materials!Practitioner!(CHMP)!recertification!board!chairman,!Institute!for!
Hazardous!Materials!Management.!
Operations!Committee!Chairman,!Regional!Hazardous!Materials!Board!of!Arapahoe!and!Douglas!County,!
2006!
Deputy!of!the!Year,!Douglas!County!Sheriffs!Office,!Castle!Rock,!Colorado!2000!
Meritorious!Conduct!Award,!Douglas!County!Sheriffs!Office,!Castle!Rock,!Colorado!2006!
!
Presentations/Publications+
Flex!Fuel!Perks!and!Perils,!Carolina!Fire!Rescue!EMS!Journal,!Fall!2007!
Incident!Management!Guidelines!and!Standards,!Hazardous!Materials!Annex,!Douglas!County!
Government!2006!
Emergency!Preparedness!and!Prevention!Guide,!coGauthorship,!Douglas!County!2006!
Journal!of!Hurricane!Katrina!Strike!Team,!International!Association!of!Emergency!Managers,!
www.iaem.com!2005!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!61!
!

Incident!Debriefing,!Critiques!and!Hotwashing,!Western!Canadian!HazMat!Symposium,!Saskatoon,!
Saskatchewan,!October!2009!
Alternative!Fuels,!Western!Canadian!HazMat!Conference,!Saskatoon,!Saskatchewan,!October!2008,!Cold!
Zone!HazMat!Conference,!Minneapolis,!Minnesota!May!2009/!May!2011.!Industrial!Fire!Safety!and!
Security,!February!2008.!
Steve!Spangler!KUSA!9!News!Mad!about!Science,!Denver,!Colorado!October,!2008!
!
Affiliations+
Disaster!Recovery!Institute!International!
American!National!Standards!Institute!
National!Fire!Protection!Association!
International!Association!of!Emergency!Managers!
Institute!of!Hazardous!Materials!Management!
Colorado!Emergency!Managers!Association!
National!Association!of!SARA!III!Program!Officials!
Douglas!County!Type!IV!Incident!Management!Team!
!
Community!Service!
Public!Safety!Advisory!Board,!Castle!Rock,!Colorado!2004!
School!Accountability!Committee,!Douglas!County!Schools,!Castle!Rock,!Colorado!
Local!Emergency!Planning!Committee,!Douglas!County,!Colorado!
! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!62!
!

f.! VDOT+Engineering+Work+Order+

!
! !

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!63!
!

10.!!Works+Cited+

National!Fire!Protection!Association.!(2015).!NFPA+704+Quincy:!National!Fire!Protection!Association.+

Transportation,!U.!D.!(2016).+Emergency+Response+Guidebook.++Neenah:!J.!J.!Keller!&!Associates.!

U.S.!Government!Printing!Office,!Code!of!Federal!Regulations,!Title!49GTransportation,!Subpart!!173.2!

U.!S.!Department!!of!Transportation.!(2015).!DOT+Chart+15+Hazardous+Materials+Marking,+Labeling+and+

Placarding+Guide.!Retrieved!from!Pipeline!and!Hazardous!Materials!Safety!Administration.!

U.S!Department!of!Homeland!Security,!Critical!Infrastructure!Security:!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!https://www.dhs.gov/whatGcriticalGinfrastructure!!!

United!States!Environmental!Protection!Agency,!Emergency!Planning!and!Community!RightGtoG!

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Know!Act!(EPCRA):!https://www.epa.gov/epcra!

United!States!Environmental!Protection!Agency,!Emergency!Planning!and!Community!RightGtoG!

Know!Act!(EPCRA!Sections!311G312):!!

https://www.epa.gov/epcra/epcraGsectionsG311G312#hazardous%20chemical!

Lynchburg,!Virginia!Hazardous!Materials!Commodity!Flow!Study!2017!!Blue!Rock! P a g e !|!64!