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PGINA 1

Ttulo Ser Inserido Aqui

PGINA 2
Pre-test
Can you find the mistake in each of these sentences? Some examples have more than one mistake.

1. Teacher, I have a doubt.


2. During my travel, I went to Italy, Spain and France.
3. I have 2 children. Ana has 7 years and Miguel has 3 years.
4. I made a barbecue last weekend.
5. Do you know Rio do Janeiro?
6. The director spoke for the new trainees during the workshop.
7. I want more one piece of pizza, please.
8. Im going to take a coffee.
9. Im married with my husband for 10 years.
10. I was stuck in traffic and lost the meeting this morning.

*Answers can be found in each lesson and at the end of the book.

PGINA 3
Lesson #1 Teacher, I have a doubt.

This is probably the most common mistake that I hear Brazilian Portuguese
speakers make while speaking English. In fact, many students learn this in their
English classes and they are shocked when they find out that this is incorrect.

So what should you say when you want to say, Tenho uma dvida? Instead of
saying I have a doubt, you should say I have a question.

Side note: Its not common to address teachers in the U.S. as teacher. Typically,
the students call the teachers by using a prefix such as Mr. Ms. or Mrs. and their
last name. (For example, Ms. Smith or Mr. Jackson)

So when do we use the word doubt in English?


In English, we use the word doubt as a verb when we think that something is
unlikely to happen. So its a bit negative.

Here are some examples:


a) I doubt that Ill get the job. Eu duvido que eu consiga o emprego.
b) Mary doubts that her boyfriend will show up. Mary duvida que seu
namorado v aparecer.

We also say to have doubts to express uncertainty about something or to ex-


press that what you are about to do is possibly a mistake. This expression is usu-
ally used in the present continuous tense is having doubts.

PGINA 4
Lesson #1 Teacher, I have a doubt.

Here are some examples:


a) Im having doubts about marrying Tommy. (I think Im making a mistake.)
b) The Smith family is having doubts about getting a new puppy. (They are wor-
ried about getting a new puppy and think it may be a mistake.)
c) Do you think I should take this new job? Im having some doubts. (Im not sure
if accepting this new job is a good decision.)

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#1 Teacher, I have a doubt. Ms. Katsis, I have a question.

So, lets review.


1. If you want to ask a question, just say I have a question (not a doubt).
Ex. Does anyone have any questions?

2. We use doubt as a verb when we dont believe something will happen.


Ex. Look at the sky. Its a clear sunny day. I doubt it will rain.

3. We use the expression to have doubts to say that we are uncertain about a
decision, a person or an event.
Ex. Im having doubts about Andrea as the new manager. She seems too insecure
to take on so much leadership.

PGINA 5
Lesson #2 Trip or Travel?

When do we use "trip" and when do we use "travel"? There is a lot of confusion
about these words.

TRIP
We use trip almost always as a noun (unless you want to say tropear). So in
Portuguese, when you want to say viagem as a noun, you need to say TRIP.

Here are some examples:


a) Before my trip, I need to pack my suitcase and get my visa. Antes de minha
viagem, preciso fazer minha mala e pegar meu visto.
b) How was your trip? Como foi sua viagem?
c) This summer Im going on a trip to South Africa. Este vero vou fazer uma
viagem para a frica do Sul.

TRAVEL
We use travel almost always as a verb, just like viajar in Portuguese.

Here are some examples:


a) I love to travel. Adoro viajar.
b) I have traveled to the U.S. several times. Eu viajei para os EUA vrias vezes.
c) When I retire, I want to travel the world. Quando eu me aposentar, quero
viajar pelo mundo.

Easy, right? Well, heres the tricky part.

PGINA 6
Lesson #2 Trip or Travel?

TRIP and TRAVEL


Both trip and travel can be use as adjectives, which is what causes the confu-
sion in most cases.
Ex: You can say travel agency, trip protection, travel insurance, or trip advisor.

So, when used as an adjective, it can be either trip or travel. However, travel
is more commonly used.

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#2 During my travel, I went to Italy, Spain and France. During my trip,
I went to Italy, Spain and France.

Lets review.
1. If you want to say viagem as a noun, say trip.
Ex. Im very excited for my trip to Canada. Estou muito animada pela minha
viagem para o Canad.

2. If are are talking about the verb form viajar, say travel.
Ex. I travel somewhere new every year. Eu viajo para um lugar novo todo ano.

3. Both trip and travel can be used as adjectives.


Ex. I spoke with the travel agency about getting trip protection in case something
unexpected happens. Falei com a agncia de viagens sobre proteo de via-
gens no caso de um imprevisto.

I hope this lesson has helped you to speak correctly about your trips and travel
plans!

PGINA 7
Lesson #3 Talking about age.

In English, when we want to talk about our age, we use the verb BE + years old
or BE + number. Ex. I am 30 years old. OR I am 30.

I, You, We, They + BE + (number) years old. He, She, It

For example:
a) I am 19./ I am 19 years old. (NOT: I am 19 years.)
b) You are 35./ You are 35 years old.
c) My sons are 5 and 2 years old./ My sons are 5 and 2.
d) My grandma is 93 years old./ My grandma is 93.

Lets check your answer to the pre-test question.


#3 I have 2 children. Ana has 7 years and Miguel has 3 years. I have 2 children.
Ana is 7 years old and Miguel is 3 years old. / Ana is 7 and Miguel is 3.

Bonus tip!
Do you know how to say the following?
Estou fazendo 30 anos. = Im turning 30.
Quantos anos est fazendo? = How old are you going to be? (se for no futuro)
How old are you? (se for no mesmo dia)

PGINA 8
Lesson #3 Talking about age.

So, lets review.


To talk about our age, we use the verb BE + # years old (or BE + #)
Ex. I am 36 years old. OR I am 36.

Lets practice.
Answer these questions out loud.
1. How old are you?
2. How old are your children?
3. How old is your mother?
4. How old is your father?

Possible answers to the Lets practice questions:


1. I am 29. / I am 29 years old
2. My children are 5 and 7. / My daughter is 5 and my son is 7 years old.
3. My mother is 65. / My mother is 65 years old.
4. My father is 50. / My father is 50 years old.

PGINA 9
Lesson #4 How do you say fazer in English?

Fazer is one of the most frequently used verbs in Portuguese, so its very im- a) Good employees do work. (Good employees perform/execute work)
portant to learn the correct way to say this in English. Most of the time, fazer b) Bad employees make work. (Bad employees create work because they
can translate to make or do. However, there are some instances in which you dont do a good job.)
need to use another verb such as have.
We also use the verb have when we are talking about events or commit-
When do we use make and when do we use do in English? Lets look at this ments. Here are some examples.
chart for some examples.
Have a party Have a meeting
DO To perform or execute something MAKE To create something Have an interview Have a wedding

- The dishes - Friends


- The laundry - Plans
- Homework - Food and drinks (dinner, lunch, etc.)
- Hair, nails - Money
- Work - Music
- The ironing - A mess
- A blood test - Noise
- Do well/poorly/a good job/etc. - A mistake
- Exercises at the gym - Peace, war
- Chores * Make the bed

Compare the following examples.


a) As a teacher I need to make grammar exercises for my students. (I create the
grammar exercises.)
b) My students do the grammar exercises for homework. (The students perform/
execute the exercises.)

PGINA 10
Lesson #4 How do you say fazer in English?

Remember!
Commitment = Compromisso - Compromise = Acordo ou Comprometer

Lets check your answers from the pre-test.


#6 I made a barbecue last weekend. I had a barbecue last weekend. (We use
have because a barbecue is an event.)

Lets practice! Fill in the blanks with the correct form of make, do or have.
*Answers are found below.
1. Last night I ______ spaghetti for dinner.
2. My children always ______ a mess right after Ive cleaned.
3. Did you _____ your homework?
4. I ______ an interview tomorrow morning.
5. I really need to ______ more money in order to travel every year.
6. I _______ exercises at the gym 5 times a week.
7. My grandma is turning 100 this weekend! We are going to ______ a birthday
party for her to celebrate.
8. Shhhhhh! You guys are _______ too much noise and I cant concentrate.
9. I have so much laundry to _____ after our vacation at the beach.
10. I think I ______ a great job on the test. It was very easy!

*Answers: 1. made 2. make 3. do 4. have 5. make 6. do 7. have 8. making 9. do 10. did

PGINA 11
Lesson #5 What do you KNOW in English?

What do you know about the verb to know in English?


Check out the chart below to learn more.

- I know my neighbors very well.


- My grandmother knows all her grandchildrens birthdays.
- People
KNOW - I dont know anyones cell number anymore.
- Information
- Do you know the new assistants name?
- Ive worked at this company for 15 years and I still dont know everyone in my department.

- I know how to speak English, Spanish and Portuguese.


- Abilities - Maria knows how to play the piano.
KNOW HOW
- Skills - If I knew how to surf, Id go to the beach every weekend.
- Does anyone know how to turn the projector off?

GO TO, VISIT, - Have you been to Disney World?


TRAVEL TO, - PLACES - When I went to Europe, I visited Switzerland and Germany.
HAVE BEEN TO - Have you been to the new sushi restaurant?

1. We use know with people and information.


a) I know my neighbors really well. We talk almost every day. - Eu conheo meus vizinhos muito bem. Ns conversamos quase todos os dias.
b) My grandmother knows all her grandchildrens birthdays. - Minha av sabe os aniversrios de todos os netos dela.
c) I dont know anyones cellphone number. - Eu no sei o nmero de telefone de ningum.
d) Do you know the new assistants name? - Voc sabe o nome da assistente nova?
e) Ive worked at this company for over 15 years and I still dont know everyone in my department. - Trabalho nessa empresa por mais do que 15 anos e aindo
no conheo todas as pessoas no meu departamento.

PGINA 12
Lesson #5 What do you KNOW in English?

2. We use know how with skills and abilities. We know how to do


things.
a) I know how to speak English, Spanish and Portuguese. (You can also say I
know English, Spanish and Portuguese.) Eu sei falar ingls, espanhol e portu-
gus.
b) Maria knows how to play the piano really well. A Maria sabe muito bem
tocar o piano.
c) If I knew how to surf, Id go to the beach every weekend. Se eu soubesse
surfar, eu iria para a praia todo fim de semana.
d) Does anyone know how to turn the projector off? Algum sabe como desli-
gar o datashow?

3. We DONT use know with places.


So what verb do we use with places? How can I say Voc conhece Chicago.
There are a few options, but visit, travel to, go to, and have been to (the present
perfect tense of be) are the most common.
a) Have you been to Disney World? Voc conhece Disney World?
b) When I went to Europe, I visited Switzerland and Germany. Quando fui
para Europa, conheci Sua e Alemanha.
c) Have you been to the new sushi restaurant? Voc conhece o restaurante
novo de sushi?

Lets check the sentence in the pre-test.


#5 Do you know Rio de Janeiro? Have you been to Rio de Janeiro?

PGINA 13
Lesson #5 What do you KNOW in English?

So, lets review.


1. Use KNOW with people and information.
Ex. Do you know any celebrities? I dont know any famous people.
Ex. I dont know my husbands phone number.

2. Use KNOW HOW with skills and abilities.


Ex. Do you know how to samba?
Ex. Many Americans know how to play baseball.

3. Use VISIT, GO TO, SEE, TRAVEL TO, or HAVE BEEN TO if you are talking about
a place.
Ex. Have you been to Taquaral?
Ex. While in Brazil, my parents traveled to Rio de Janeiro and So Paulo.

Test yourself! Translate the following sentences from Portuguese to English. You
can check your answers below.
1. Eu conheo muito bem meu professor de ingls.
2. No sei falar alemo.
3. Voc conhee Salvador, Bahia?

Answers:
1. I know my English teacher very well.
2. I dont know how to speak German.
3. Have you been to Salvador, Bahia?

I hope this lesson has been helpful and I KNOW you will achieve your English
goals.

PGINA 14
Lesson #6 TO or FOR?

There is a lot of confusion about when we use TO and when we use FOR be-
cause both can mean para in Portuguese.

We use TO when there is a direct connection and FOR when there is an indirect
connection. Lets compare the following examples.

a) Mary sent an e-mail to her boss. (Mary sent an e-mail directly to her boss
Her boss received the e-mail.)
Mary enviou um email para o chefe dela. (Mary mandou um e-mail direta
mente
para o chefe dela. O chefe foi quem recebeu o e-mail).

b) Mary sent an e-mail for her boss. (Marys boss asked her to send an e-mail for
him. She sent the e-mail in his place, or as a favor, to someone else)
Mary enviou um email pelo chefe dela. (Nesse caso, Mary enviou o e-mail
no lugar do chefe dela, ou seja, enviou o email por ele).

Lets look at some other examples:


1. I spoke to my husband at the meeting. (I spoke directly to my husband at the
meeting.)
Falei com meu marido durante a reunio. (Falei diretamente com meu mari
do)

2. I spoke for my husband at the meeting. (My husband couldnt speak, or didnt
want to speak, so I spoke in his place.)
Eu falei pelo meu marido na reunio. (Eu falei no lugar do meu marido na re
unio, ou seja, por ele).

PGINA 15
Lesson #6 TO or FOR?

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#6 The director spoke for the new trainees during the workshop. The director
spoke to the new trainees during the workshop. (He spoke directly to them,
not in their place.)

Here are some more examples.


1. Can you teach the conversation class for me? Im not feeling well.
Voc pode dar a aula de conversao no meu lugar? No estou me sentindo
muito bem.
2. Im so nervous. Im going to present my ideas to the vice president during the
meeting today.
Estou muito ansioso. Vou apresentar minhas ideias para o vice presidente
durante a reunio hoje.
3. I sold my car to my brother.
Vendi meu carro para o meu irmo.
4. I sold my husbands cell phone for him. Hes been really busy lately and hasnt
had time to do anything.
Vendi o celular do meu marido para ele. Ele est muito ocupado ultima
mente e no tem tempo para fazer nada.
5. Mary read a story to the children.
Mary leu uma histria para as crianas.
6. Can you read this for me? I left my glasses at home.
Voc pode ler isso para mim? Esqueci meus culos em casa.

PGINA 16
Lesson #7 More one or One more?

In Portuguese, you would say mais um, dois, tres, etc. However, in English the
word order is reversed and youd say, one, two, three, ten more.

Here are some examples:


1. Id like one more glass of wine, please.
Eu quero mais uma taa de vinho.
2. You have 10 more minutes to finish the exam.
Vocs tem mais 10 minutos para terminar a prova.
3. We need three more volunteers to help with the fundraiser.
A gente precisa de mais 3 voluntrios para ajudar com o evento beneficente.
4. Lets swim four more laps.
Vamos nadar mais quatro piscinas.

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#11 I want more one piece of pizza. I want one more piece of pizza.

Heres the recap:


Portuguese: mais + nmero
English: number + more

I hope this lesson has been helpful! If you have any more questions, please let me
know!

The correct answer to the question in the picture is A

PGINA 17
Lesson #8 How do you say tomar caf in English?

Many people directly translate the expression tomar caf as take coffee in
English. However, this translation is not correct unless you are going to steal
someones coffee.

So, how can I say tomar caf in English? Here are some verbs that you can use.
1. Would you like to get a coffee with me?
Voc quer tomar um caf comigo?
2. Im really tired. I need to drink another coffee.
Estou muito cansado. Preciso beber mais um caf.
3. Ill have a coffee, please.
Vou tomar um caf, por favor.
4. Lets grab a coffee sometime.
Vamos tomar um caf algum dia.

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#8 Im going to take a coffee. Im going to grab (drink, get, or have) a coffee.

Pronunciation Tip!
Coffee ends in EE and you need to pronounce this final E sound. If not, the word
sounds like cough (tosse).

Lets recap:
You can drink, have, get, or grab a coffee. However, if you take someones coffee,
they may get mad at you.

Also, pay special attention to the pronunciation. Coffee with 2 syllables, not
cough. Okay?

PGINA 18
Lesson #9 Talking about your relationship

What is your relationship status?


Are you married, single, engaged or dating someone?

A common mistake that I often hear is someone saying, Im married with my


husband directly translating the Portuguese Estou casada com meu mari-
do. However, in English we say, Im married TO my husband. (not with)

Here is a little chart to help you talk correctly about your relationship.

Whats your relationship status?


Im married to ./ Im en-
Im single. Im in a relationship with
gaged to

a) Ive been single a) Im in a serious relationship a) Im married to Roberto.


for 6 months. with Tom. b) Camila has been mar-
b) Jenny is single b) Ive been in a relationship ried to Lucas for 10 years.
but looking for a with Katie since we were 18 c) John is engaged to An-
boyfriend. years old. nie. They are getting mar-
*When you are in a relationship ried next year.
with someone, you can also say
that you are dating.

Its also important to use the present perfect tense when you are stating how
long you have been married, engaged or dating someone.

PGINA 19
Lesson #9 Talking about your relationship

Compare:
a) Camila has been married to Lucas for 10 years. (present perfect they are still
married)
b) Camila was married to Lucas for 10 years. (simple past they are not married
anymore)

Here are some more examples to help you talk about your relationship.
a) I have been engaged to James for 1 year. We are going to get married next
month.
b) How long have you been dating Caitlyn? I have been dating Caitlyn for
about 6 months.
c) Is Paul married? Yes, he has been married for 10 years to his wife Nicole.
d) Is Julia single? No, she is in a serious relationship with Mike. I think they will
get engaged soon.

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#9 Im married with my husband for 10 years. Ive been married to my
husband for 10 years.

Lets practice. Answer the following questions.


1. Are you married? If so, who are you married to? How long have you been mar-
ried?
2. If youre not married, what is your relationship status?

Possible answers to the practice questions.


1. Ive been married to my husband for 5 years.
2. Im single/divorced/separated.

PGINA 20
Lesson #10 What is the difference between miss and lose?

Perder can mean miss or lose in English. See the chart below to understand the
difference between these two words.

What is the difference between miss and lose?

MISS LOSE

We use miss to talk about


We use lose to talk about
1. events and opportunities or
1. items we cant find or
2. people we havent seen for a while.
2. games we didnt win.
sentir falta

Examples: Examples:
1. I missed the meeting this morning. 1. Mary lost her keys.
2. I missed your phone call. 2. I lost my cell phone.
3. Karen missed her flight. 3. Debbie lost her wallet.
4. Jacob missed the bus 4. I hate playing poker. I always lose.
5. I really missed my family went I 5. Palmeiras lost the soccer game last
went away to college. night.

Lets look at the sentence from the pre-test.


#10 I was stuck in traffic and lost the meeting this morning. I was stuck
in traffic and missed the meeting this morning.

PGINA 21
Lesson #10 What is the difference between miss and lose?

Lets review.
LOSE is for items we cant find or games we dont win.
MISS is for opportunities or people we havent seen for a while.

Lets practice.
1. Meghan ______ the bus and got to school late.
2. I cant believe you _____ the concert tickets!
3. The hockey team ______ the game last night after a 2-month winning streak.
4. If I ______ this interview because this traffic, Im going to be so mad!
5. I really _____ my family when Im away from them for a long time.
6. Hurry up! We are going to ______ our flight!
7. When my computer unexpectedly shut down, I _____ some unsaved docu-
ments.
8. I ______ the bet and had to pay R$50.
9. Why are you squinting? Did you ______ your glasses again?
10. Did you _____ me while I was gone?

1. missed 6. miss
2. lost 7. lost
3. lost 8. lost
4. miss 9. lose
5. miss 10. miss

PGINA 22
Pre-Test Test Answers

1. Teacher, I have a doubt.


Ms. Katsis, I have a question.
2. During my travel, I went to Italy, Spain and France.
During my trip, I went to Italy, Spain and France.
3. I have 2 children. Ana has 7 years and Miguel has 3 years.
I have 2 children. Ana is 7 years old and Miguel is 3 years old.
4. I made a barbecue last weekend.
I had a barbecue last weekend.
5. Do you know Rio do Janeiro?
Have you been to Rio de Janeiro?
6. The director spoke for the new trainees during the workshop.
I director spoke to the new trainees during the workshop.
7. I want more one piece of pizza, please.
I want one more piece of pizza, please.
8. Im going to take a coffee.
Im going to get/grab/have a coffee.
9. Im married with my husband for 10 years.
Ive been married to my husband for 10 years.
10. I was stuck in traffic and lost the meeting this morning.
I was stuck in traffic and missed the meeting this morning.

PGINA 23
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PGINA 24