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CHAPTER 15: RIZALS SECOND SOJOURN IN PARIS AND THE UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1889

UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1889


World fair100th anniversary of the storming of Bastillethe symbol for the beginning of the French
RevolutionAbsolute Monarchy was overthrown by new Enlightenment principles of equality,
citizenship and inalienable rights

KIDLAT CLUB It was founded by:


Rizalto bring together young Filipinos in the French capitalenjoy their sojourn in the city during the
duration of the Universal Exposition.It will disappear:like lightning (temporary nature)

INDIOS BRAVOS proud of the name Indio


make our Spanish enemies revise their conception of the termThe Indios Bravos (brave Indians)
replaced :the ephemeral Kidlat Club.Members pledged:to excel in intellectual and physical prowess
in order to win the admiration of the foreignerssword and the pistol.Judo

CORRUPT GOVT OF DUTCH COLONY IN INDONESIA


MAX HAVELAAR (DUTCH)CORRUPT GOVT OF DUTCH COLONY IN INDONESIACULTIVATION SYSTEM:
TRADABLE CROPSTAX COLLECTION: COMMISSIONNOT STAPLE CROPS: RICERESULT OF NOVEL:
AWARENESS OF EUROPEKILLED COLONIALISM

RDLM SOCIETY initials of the societys secret name:


Redencion de los Malayos (Redemption of the the Malays).The aim of the secret
society:propagation of all useful knowledge scientific, artistic, literary, etc. in the Phil.
(patterned after Freemasonry)Letter to Blumentritt:If it is impossible for me to give freedom to my
countryat least I should like to give it to them in other lands (Borneo).

ANNOTATED EDITION OF MORGA PUBLISHED


Error: appraising the events of the past in the light of present standardsBlumentritt on Rizalabuses
of the friars should not be construed to mean the Catholicism is bad.Dedicated to the Filipinosthey
would know of their glorious pastclothes, government, laws, writing, literature, religion, arts,
sciences, and commerceFilipinos were already civilized before the advent of Spainblasted the
historical heresies of the Spanish vs early Filipinos were savages and were of low mentality.

THE PHILIPPINES WITHIN A CENTURY


Rizal predicted:tragic end of Spains sovereignty in Asia.Colonies established to subserve the policy
and commerce of the sovereign countryall eventually become independent

INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINOS


Filipinos had abandoned their pre-Spanish industries and worked less than their ancestorspeople
could not enjoy the fruits of their laborit is easier for a poor man to enter heaven than for a rich man

PROJECT FOR FILIPINO COLLEGE IN HONGKONG


A rich Filipino resident in Paris, Mr. Mariano Cunanan, from Mexico, Pampangapromised to help him
raise P40,000 as initial capital for the college.This project of Rizal to establish a modern college in
Hong Kongdid not materialize

POR TELEFONO
This satirical pamphlet under the authorship of Dimas Alang is:a witty satire which
ridicules Fr. Font.Rizal predicted much ahead of his times that people could carry on:overseas
telephonic conversations years after the publication of Rizals Por Telefono.

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