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# USN 1 D A Sub.

Code
TE64
Dr. AMBEDKAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE 560056
An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)
B.E. Degree (Autonomous) SIXTH Semester End Examination(SEE),Jan2015

Microwave Engineering
(Model Question Paper I)
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks:100

Instructions to students

## 1.Answer FIVE FULL questions

2.Answer ANY ONE from Question No.3 and 4
3. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 6 and 7
4. Question No.1,2 and 5 are COMPULSORY

## 1. (a)With a suitable diagram, explain how oscillations are built up in a magnetron?

What is meant by - mode of oscillations. 10M
(b) A pulsed cylindrical magnetron is operated with the following parameters:
Anode voltage = 25kV, beam current = 25A, magnetic density = 034wb/m2 , radius
of cathode cylinder = 5cm, radius of anode cylinder = 10cm. Calculate
(i)Angular frequency (ii) cut off voltage (iii) the cut off magnetic flux density 6M
What is strapping? Explain the need for strapping. 4M

2. (a) Draw a diagram to describe the construction of a Rotary type precision variable
phase shifter. Derive the expression of the phase shift as a function of rotation angle
10M
(b) Explain the practical application of Magic Tee 8M
(c) Bring out the difference between E and H-plane Tees 2M

3. (a) Define negative differential resistivity. Explain the J-E characteristics of a Gunn
diode. 8M
(b) Explain the operation, construction and application of BARRITT diode 12M
OR
4. (a) Describe the operating principles of a READ diode 12M
(b) Discuss negative resistance parametric amplifiers 8M

5. (a) With relevant diagrams , express the equations of characteristic impedance for co-
planar and shielded strip lines. 6M
(b) A coplanar strip line carries an average power of 250mW and a peak current of
100mA. Determine the characteristic impedance of the coplanar strip line. 2M
A shielded strip line has the following parameters:
Dielectric constant of the insulator (polystyrene) r = 2.56
Strip width: w = 25 mils
Strip thickness: t = 14 mils
Shield depth: d = 70 mils
Calculate: (i) The K factor
(ii) The fringe capacitance
(iii) The characteristic impedance of the line. 4M
(d) With relevant equations, derive Q of microstrip lines. 8M

## 6. (a) With a neat block diagram, explain the operation of a RADAR 8M

(b) Derive RADAR range equation in terms of noise figure of the receiver. 8M
A radar transmitter has a peak pulse power of 400KW, a PRF of 1500 PPS and a
pulse width of 0.8 sec. Calculate (i) the maximum unambiguous range (ii) duty cycle
(iii) the average transmitted power (iv) suitable bandwidth 4M
OR
7. (a) With a neat block diagram, explain the operation of a pulse Doppler radar. 10M
(b)With a block schematic, explain the working of a moving target detector 10M

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