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Background about Putrajaya

Putrajaya was formed on October 19, 1995 and is part of the Multimedia Super Corridor
(MSC). In 2001, Putrajaya officially became Malaysia's third Federal Territory, while the other
two were Kuala Lumpur and Labuan.

Earlier, Putrajaya was named as Prang Besar and was established in 1918 as part of
Selangor State. In the mid-1990s, the Federal government negotiated with Selangor to explore
another Federal Territory. As a result of the negotiations, the Federal government paid about
46km of land to Selangor. After the purchase of land, the two Federal Territories, Kuala
Lumpur and Putrajaya, are now located in Selangor.

In 2002, a high-speed railway called Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) was
opened connecting Putrajaya to Kuala Lumpur and Kuala Lumpur International Airport in
Sepang. In addition, the construction of monorail system is underway.
Location
Putrajaya is strategically located on an area of 4,931 hectares in the Multimedia Super
Corridor (MSC) about 25km south of Kuala Lumpur and about 20km north of Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA). Putrajaya is accessible via ERL Transit from Kuala Lumpur Central to
Kuala Lumpur International Airport via Putrajaya Sentral in the 7th district via the expressway
network and the High Speed Rail Link (ERL Transit).

Intelligent City
As Putrajaya is located within the Multimedia Super Corridor and is in line with
government recommendations, it is planned to develop it into a smart city. Advanced
multimedia technologies are being implemented to facilitate communication and interaction
among government agencies, governments and businesses, and between government and
communities.
In the 1980s, Malaysia began looking for a new Federal Government Administrative
Center. The goal of developing a new federal administration is to disperse some of the
development in Kuala Lumpur. As a result, the strategic location between Kuala Lumpur and
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) has chosen a location in Prang Besar, Sepang. The
new federal administration is named "Putrajaya" to mark the invaluable contribution made by
Malaysia's first Prime Minister, YTM Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra al-Haj. Putrajaya will become
the new federal administration and Kuala Lumpur remains the nation's capital and premier
financial and business center.
The new Putrajaya City started construction in August 1995. It is estimated that after the
completion of the city, there will be 64,000 housing units, which will welcome about 320,000
people.
Landmark of Putrajaya
The Putra Mosque (Figure 1) will be the first to complete one of the integrated buildings of the
city, until today is still an important symbol of Putrajaya. Its dim pink dome, on top of a layer of gold
tiles, the total area of 76 meters higher than the ground, has become a guide to the city around the road
many people reference.

Surprisingly, thanks to the use of modern technology, a carefully decorated dome can only be
completed in six weeks, which can create a perfect dome mould. The prefabricated part of the dome is
manufactured off-site and is installed on the mosque without using scaffolding, 30% less than the
conventional method.

Today, the mosque, which floats on the Putrajaya Lake, welcomes up to 10,000 admirers in the
vast prayer hall. Even so, five years later, another mosque will be built, the Tunku Mizan Zainal Abidin
Mosque, which can accommodate 20,000 admirers at once.

Due to the 6000 tons of steel used in its construction, it was identified as an Iron Mosque, unlike
the Putra Mosque, which is only 2.2 km north. Affected by German and Chinese architectural aesthetics,
mosques in addition to minarets, fans and air conditioning.

Figure 1: View of Putra Mosque


Size of the site
Nowadays, the covered area with blue colour shown in Figure 2 is the design project proposed.
The area of the site is around 116,252.45m2 that can be calculated by a map tool with area calculator
and the perimeter of the site is 2.07km which is given. The area and the perimeter of the site can be
found or calculated at the link https://www.mapdevelopers.com/.

Figure 2: Shaded Area of the Site

Figure 3: Given Total area and Total Distance of the Site


Land Ownership
Figure 4 shown the shaded region is presint 5 where is mostly owned by government of
Malaysia. Therefore, the site is under the Malaysian government. Meanwhile, Table 1 summarized the
overall land use distribution in Putrajaya city.

Table 1: Overall Land Use Distribution

Figure 4: Shaded Area of Presint 5


Previous land uses and existing land uses
Previously, the project site was abandoned and there were some unnecessary grasses, trees and
puddles on the site. These photos (Figure 6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15) which are provided by google map
were taken in year 2013 to prove that the project site was abandoned long time ago. However, there
was an incomplete tunnel mouth of monorail at the site where was derailed in 2004 due to budget
constraints. The highlighted with yellow colour in Figure 5 is the location of the abandoned tunnel.
Initially, the project site was an undulating land which requires to develop into a sustainable urban living
in the future.

Figure 5: Location of the Abandoned Tunnel

Figure 6: Tunnel Mouth of Monorail


Figure 7:

Figure 8:
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Figure 10:
Figure 11:

Figure 12:
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Figure 14:
Figure 15:

Figure 16:
Location of the site
The site is located in the modern garden-city of Putrajaya just 35km south of Malaysias capital
Kuala Lumpur city centre. The site is beside of the University of Heriot-Watt Malaysia and there is a
Putrajaya international convention centre which is 2km away from the site.

Figure 17: Distance between City of Kuala Lumpur and the Site Proposed

Proposed Land Use Concept


Three Condominiums
Shopping mall
Playground
Cafeteria
Two Car parks
Flexible outdoor public space for events
Tunnels
Previously, a tunnel was built under the site. Referring to the online resources, the tunnel is an
entrance to underground, which connected to Putrajaya monorail. According to the Figure 18, the
monorail line goes under the lower deck of Gemilang Bridge and heading out at south mouth. The
tunnel is connected to the line of Putrajaya monorail and functioned as an entrance of west mouth. The
tunnel was built many years ago and abandoned until today.

Figure 18: Putrajaya Monorail Alignment


Services
Electricity of the site is supplied by the government of Putrajaya. The telephone can be used in
the site that supported by Putrajaya Telekom Malaysia(TM). It can be seen that the signal strength of
telephone shown in Figure 19 is excellent enough to be received in the site. Moreover, the site can even
receive smooth data which can achieve 4G LTE-A speeds.

Figure 19: Signal Strength of Telephone Provided by Digi

Figure 20: Data Signal Strength of Telephone Provided by Digi


Reference

http://www.ppj.gov.my/portal/page?_pageid=311,1&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL#1227

http://www.thestar.com.my/travel/malaysia/2013/09/16/putrajaya-the-making-of-a-new-
city/#OpjJWcOgryhmLcYq.99

http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2016/09/23/mmc-proposes-putrajaya-monorail/

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/271965358_fig6_Figure-7A-Unified-Soil-Classification-System-for-
fine-grained-soils

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