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Biology Unit Plan

Topic: Cells

Unit: 2

Grade: 10

Days: 8

UNIT OVERVIEW:
UNIT OVERVIEW:

All living things are made of cellscells that are remarkably similar, whether you are you (a human), a frog, a tree, or a bacterium. These tiny structures are made out of parts just like your organs that work together to ensure that all 4 billion of your cells do their jobs.

ESSENTIAL STANDARDS - GRADE LEVEL EXPECTATION (GLE)
ESSENTIAL STANDARDS - GRADE LEVEL EXPECTATION (GLE)
 
  • Compare active and passive cellular transport (LS-H-A2)

  • Analyze the movement of water across a cell membrane in hypotonic, isotonic and hypertonic solutions (LS-H-A2)

  • Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells (LS-H-A1)

 
  • Identify and describe structural and functional differences among organelles (LS-

H-A2)

  • Investigate and describe the role of enzymes in the function of a cell (LS-H-A3)

BIG IDEAS:
BIG IDEAS:
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:

Cells are the most basic unit of life

  • What needs to happen inside each

BUT! Cells are made out of tiny

cell in your body to keep you alive?

organelles that all serve a vital function for the life of the cell, just like are

  • What makes something (human and plant) alive?

organs do for our body Cells across all living organisms are

remarkably similar; however, some cells are more complex (e.g., eukaryotic) or more fine tuned to their organisms life

  • What is active transport? Does it require energy? How does it move? (low to high or high to low?)

(e.g., plant cells)

  • What is passive transport? Does it require energy? How does it move? (low to high or high to low?)

  • How do active and passive transport differ?

  • What is ATP? With which type of transport is it associated?

 
  • What is osmosis? What is a solute? What is a solvent? What is a solution? What does semi-permeable mean?

  • Where does water always flow? High solute to low solute or low solute to high solute?

  • What happens to water in a isotonic solution (equal in and out, moves into cell, moves out of cell)? What is its effect of the cell (nothing, swell/burst/lyse, shrink/crenate).

  • What happens to water in an hypotonic solution (equal in and out, moves into cell, moves out of cell)? What is its effect of the cell (nothing, swell/burst/lyse, shrink/crenate).

  • What happens to water in a hypertonic solution (equal in and out, moves into cell, moves out of cell)? What is its effect of the cell (nothing, swell/burst/lyse, shrink/crenate).

  • What is a prokaryote? How old is it? Does it have a nucleus? It is unicellular, multi-cellular or both? Does it have organelles?

  • What is a eukaryote? How old is it? Does it have a nucleus? It is unicellular, multi-cellular or both? Does it have organelles?

  • What makes prokaryotes and eukaryotes different and similar?

  • What are examples (people, animals, plants and bacteria.) of prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

  • What are organelles? What are their functions?

  • What is the difference between a

 

plant and an animal cell?

CONTENT:
CONTENT:

1.

Cell: smallest living part of your body

2.

Tissue: organized group of cells

SKILLS:
SKILLS:

Identify, describe, and compare and contrast active and passive transport

3.

Organ: organized group of tissues

Identify, describe, and compare and

4.

Organ systems: organized group of organs

contrast isotonic, hypotonic and hypertonic solutions

5.

Organism: organized group of organ systems

Identify, describe, and compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic

6.

Prokaryotic: simple cell with no

cells

nucleus (bacteria!)

Identify, describe, and compare and

7.

Eukaryotic: complex cell with organelles

contrast organelles and their functions

8.

Nucleus: control center of cells

 

9.

Ribosome: protein factory

  • 10. Golgi apparatus: the post officewhere info is packaged and shipped

  • 11. Endoplasmic reticulum: the transportation system in the cell

  • 12. Cell membrane: the outer layer, controls what goes in and out

  • 13. Cytoplasm: stuff that fills the cell and keeps things in place

  • 14. Mitochondria: the powerhouse, makes energy

  • 15. Cell wall: firm outside layer of plant cells

  • 16. Vacuole: stores water and food

  • 17. Chloroplast: where photosynthesis happens in cells

  • 18. ATP: energy

  • 19. Animal cell: normal eukaryotic cell

  • 20. Plant cell: eukaryotic cell with chloroplast, cell wall, large vacuole

KEY TERMS:
KEY TERMS:

LEVEL 1 VOCAB:

  • Cell

  • Prokaryote

  • Eukaryote

  • Animal Cell

  • Plant Cell

  • Tissue

  • Organ

  • Organ System

  • Organism

  • ATP

  • Cell Theory

LEVEL 2 VOCAB:

  • Ribosome

  • Cytoplasm

  • DNA

  • Cell membrane

  • Mitochondria

  • Nucleus

  • (Rough) Endoplasmic reticulum

  • Golgi apparatus

  • Lysosome

  • (Large) Vacuole

  • Cell Wall

  • Chloroplast

  • Photosynthesis

IMPLICIT VOCAB:

  • Protein

  • Genetic material

  • Waste

  • Structure

  • Function

  • Theory

  • Unicellular

  • Multicellular

  • Bacteria

ASSESSMENT EVIDENCE AND ACTIVITIES: INITIAL ASSESSMENT:
ASSESSMENT EVIDENCE AND ACTIVITIES:
INITIAL ASSESSMENT:

Biology Diagnostic

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:

Google Forms daily Exit Tickets

Check for Understanding Questions

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Oral Questions

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Do Nows

Independent Practice

Whiteboards

Kahoot

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT:
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT:

Notebook Activity Assessment

Unit 2 Assessment (Multiple Choice + Constructed Response)

Cell City Project

LEARNING PLAN & ACTIVITIES:
LEARNING PLAN & ACTIVITIES:

Day 1: SWBAT describe basic knowledge of a cell.

  • Hidden Life of a Cell Video + Questions

  • Study Guide

  • Exit Ticket Is the cell membrane impermeable, semi-permeable or permeable?

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Which kind of transport uses energy?

  • Active

  • Passive

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Which kind of transport is used to move molecules from concentration (in other words AWAY from equilibrium)

  • Active

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  • Passive What is the name of the energy used by active transport? (open-ended)

Day 2: SWBAT identify, describe, and compare and contrast active and passive transport.

  • Active and Passive Transport Key (Cheat Sheet)

  • Active and Passive Transport Stations

  • Active and Passive Transport Independent Practice

  • Exit Ticket

  • A high concentration has ..

Less molecules

More molecules

  • Fill in the blank - low.

means chill, it goes with the flow, from high to

Active

Passive

 

Fill in the blank - Big Idea: Things naturally want to…

 

Spread out or expand

Get closer together or shrink

 

Active Transport…

 

Does NOT require energy; moves things from low to high concentrations

Does require energy; moves things from low to high concentration

Does NOT require energy; moves things from high to low concentrations

Does require energy; moves things from high to low concentrations

Day 3: SWBAT identify, describe, and compare and contrast Osmosis.

  • Osmosis Cheat Sheet

 
  • Picture Practice

  • Osmosis Independent Practice

  • Exit Ticket

In an isotonic solutions…

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Water moves equally in and out; nothing happens to the cell

Water moves into the cell; the cell swells/bursts (lyse)

Water moves out of the cell; the cell shrinks (crenate)

In a hypotonic solution…

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Water moves equally in and out; nothing happens to the cell

Water moves into the cell; the cell swells/bursts (lyse)

Water moves out of the cell; the cell shrinks (crenate)

In a hypertonic solution ..

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Water moves equally in and out; nothing happens to the cell

Water moves into the cell; the cell swells/bursts (lyse)

Water moves out of the cell; the cell shrinks (crenate)

A solvent…

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Is liquid that a molecule dissolves into

  • A molecule that gets dissolved

  • A mixture of solutes and solvent

Day 4: SWBAT identify, describe, and compare and contrast Osmosis.

  • Amoeba Sisters: Osmosis Video + Questions

  • Osmosis Day 2: Case Studies

  • Osmosis Independent Practice

  • Exit Ticket

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What would occur is a freshwater fish was placed in salt water?

  • The fish would swell, because the fish would be placed in a hypertonic solution (salt water)

  • The fish would shrink, because the fish would be placed in a hypotonic solution (salt water)

  • The fish would swell, because the fish would be placed in a hypotonic solution (salt water)

  • The fish would shrink, because the fish would be placed in a hypertonic solution (salt water)

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Mr. Constana fell asleep at the wheel and at the hospital doctors stated that his brain was swelling. At the doctor, would you rinse his brain with a isotonic, hypertonic or hypotonic solution and why?

  • An isotonic solution so that nothing would happen to his brain.

  • A hypertonic solution so that the water would leave his brain reducing swelling.

  • A hypotonic solution so that the water would enter his brain increasing the swelling.

Day 5: SWBAT identify, describe, and compare and contrast Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.

  • Amoeba Sisters: Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes + Compare/Contrast Graphic Organizer

  • Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Practice (2 pgs.)

  • Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Creative Writing

  • Exit Ticket

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Prokaryotes are ..

  • Without a nucleus

  • Newer/younger

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  • Multi-cellular The following are true about eukaryotes except ..

  • They are multi-cellular

  • They DO have a nucleus

  • They DO have membrane-bound organelles

  • They are affected by anti-biotics

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Is bacteria a prokaryote or a eukaryote?

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Which is an example of an eukaryotic organism?

  • Bacteria

  • Strep Bacteria

  • A puppy

  • Pneumonia Bacteria

Day 6: SWBAT identify, describe and compare and contrast organelles.

  • Gotta Catch ‘em all ORGAN-ELLES!

  • Organelles Group Work (2 pgs.)

  • Exit Ticket

 

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The

controls what enters and leaves the cell.

 
  • Mitochondira

  • Ribosome

  • Cell membrane

  • Golgi body

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This organelle functions to package proteins

 
  • Lysome

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Golgi Body

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  • Nucleus What stores water and other nutrients for the cell?

 
  • Vacuole

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • Lysome

  • Mitochondria

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What is the “protein factory”?

 
  • Ribosome

  • Cell membrane

 
  • Mitochondria

  • Lysosome

Day 7: SWBAT review for their assessment and then assess their knowledge.

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Kahoot

Assessment Unit 2

Day 8: SWBAT reflect on their assessment data.

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GLE Mastery Document + Test Corrections

Differentiation

English as a Second Language Teacher Ms. Doroski

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Translation/Interpretation for Activities

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Accommodations for Assessments

  • Test Read Aloud

  • Extended Time

  • Word-to-Word Dictionary

  • Directions in Native Language

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Seating in proximity to Ms. Doroski

Strategies/Methods

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Unit Tracker

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Key Terms Study Guide

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Videos with Subtitles

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Graphic Organizers

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Guided Notes

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Visuals

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Bonus Early Finisher Work

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End of Course Sample Questions

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Model Notebook

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Cell City Variations

RESOURCES:
RESOURCES:

Hidden Life of the Cell (BBC)

Amoeba Sisters

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