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Actix Trainer

Standard Basic Training for Radioplan users


3 days
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Mutual Introduction

Actix Trainer

Participants Professional Background & Expectations

Training Objectives

Target Audience & Required Knowledge

Agenda

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Course Objectives

Automatic Network Optimisation, Planning Tool Integration


& Planning Data Validation using the Radioplan ACP Tool
Introduce to for automatic radio
network optimisation: UMTS, HSDPA, GSM, Multi-Layer

Understand of Radioplan ACP pathloss tuning and


radio network optimisation

Cover the from the planned network setup


including drive test measurements to the optimised network setup

the radio network through cell parameter reconfiguration


and site selection

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Target Audience & Required Knowledge

Radio network planning and optimisation engineers


with experience in:
:
radio network configuration data, radio wave propagation,
planning principles, network roll-out and extension process
radio networks: structure, functionality,
radio network coverage, capacity and quality

Additional useful experience:


acquisition and analysis for network
optimisation

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How do you optimise your network?

Goal:
What do you consider a good or optimal network?
What are your performance measures?

Trigger for optimisation:


How do you identify the need for optimisation?

Method, Actions, Strategy:


How do you optimise?
Where do you start?
What changes do you apply for which situation?
Which information, data, tools, ... do you use?
What do you consider worth doing?
How much time and effort does it take?
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UMTS

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UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimisation

Problem:
Maximize coverage, capacity, and service quality for a
changing
at minimum cost
Degrees of freedom:
The following cell parameters may be changed:
antenna type
antenna tilt
antenna azimuth
[pilot power]

Main challenge:
Allow the optimization engineer to solve not only isolated troublespots, but
taking the interdependencies into account
Immense parameter space !

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Optimisation Method

Problem: extreme complexity


e.g. 100 cells each with 3 reconfigurable properties and each
property with 5 values: possible reconfigurations

Requirement
reach significant performance improvement

Evaluated optimization algorithms


Full search: impractical due to complexity
Random search: impractical due to complexity and randomness
Simulated annealing: not targetedly enough and critical
parameterization

Selected:
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Powells Algorithm

Evaluate :
Parameter 2 (e.g. azimuth) Original settings
Reconfiguration options
of Parameter 1
Accepted reconfiguration
Parameter 1 (e.g. tilt)

result for Parameter 1


with respect to coverage, cost

Reconfiguration options
of Parameter 2
Accepted reconfiguration
result for Parameter 2
with respect to coverage, cost

combined with Heuristics: e.g. cells & parameters in order of relevance


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#1: Coverage vs. Capacity (UMTS)

Coverage and capacity may be conflicting objectives


Better requires higher Higher requires higher
Pilot Pilot
either by higher Pilot RSCP (Ec)
(see left)

or by less interference (Io)

may cause cell overlapping achieved by cell overlapping

refer to RSCP vs. Ec/Io slider:


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Objective Function (1)

What is considered as ?
Exceed the clutter-specific coverage Exceed the clutter-specific coverage
threshold in the entire (traffic-relevant) threshold for the entire ,
, i.e. i.e. from the traffic map

Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold plot Equivalent Traffic per Pixel plot

either: Covered or: Covered


or:
refer to Preferred Coverage Objective slider:
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Objective Function (2-UMTS)

in the Analysis Area


with Pilot RSCP > Threshold of the pixels clutter class
=
number of pixels

in the Analysis Area


with Pilot RSCP > Threshold of the pixels clutter class
=
traffic in all pixels

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Meaning of for Optimisation

The traffic value of a pixel determines the of this part


for optimisation.

high
traffic
zero low
traffic traffic

optional: not relevant relevant

Zero-traffic areas are completely ignored


if Mask Regions With Zero Traffic is enabled
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Objective Function (1-UMTS)

:
interference increase the attenuations towards other cells
coverage areas

traffic Balance traffic across cells

serving area size Adjust cell sizes

Create signals:
propagation conditions
Reduce the attenuations towards the desired
coverage areas
Goal: the RF network configuration that needs the

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Objective Function (2-UMTS)

What is a unique measure to rate the capacity of a ?


Relative minimize
represents the incl. traffic + interference load
accumulated over the cell area incl. some overlapping
inversely proportional to required SIR
each pixel weighted by equivalent traffic
spots with are proportionally
Ec/Io like SIR = / (Iintracell + + N)
can be maximized through:
to intended coverage area
coverage
to other cells coverage areas
cell overlapping pilot pollution pilot Ec/Io
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Objective Function (3-UMTS)

What is the optimal with respect to capacity?


Relative Load per Cell
represents mainly the overall DL power required to serve the traffic
possibly on the expense of sub-optimal DL:

Primary focus is on DL:


antenna configuration changes can most efficiently minimize the DL interference
to a great extent independent from uncertain traffic predictions
traffic weighting corresponds to UL load

In case of UL load and cell resources limitations:


Appropriate cell resources (e.g. codes) should be provided
UL overload indicates a missing site

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Interference Minimisation
#2: vs. Load Balancing

Max. Pilot Ec/I0, Min. DL power: UL load, Cell resources:


Orientate directly at the hotspot Orientate at the
to cover it with optimal DL SIR hotspot to share the traffic

, but: , but:
less balanced traffic load DL SIR not optimal & more pilot pollution

refer to Network Load slider:


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Main Optimisation Objective: RF Network

Service characteristics
directly benefit from good RF network based on RF network and much more:
but: highly non-linear dependency + RRM + access network
+ services + traffic + ...
, e.g. by Monte-Carlo simulations, e.g. blocking, dropping
(too)

RF network characteristics
directly affected by RF parameter changes based on RF network
can be verified with e.g. by parameters,
drive tests e.g. Rx power, Ec/Io, C/I

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GSM

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GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Problem:
cannot be resolved anymore by the frequency plan
Tighter frequency reuse needed for more or
were not adapted to inserted new sites while
evolving the network over time
Degrees of freedom:
The following cell parameters may be changed:
antenna type
antenna tilt
antenna azimuth
[BCCH carrier power]
Main challenge:
Allow the optimization engineer to solve not only isolated troublespots, but
taking the interdependencies into account
Immense parameter space !

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: Coverage vs. Interference

Coverage and interference may be conflicting objectives


Better requires higher Less requires higher
BCCH carrier
either by higher RxLev (C)
(see left)

or by less interference (I)

may cause cell overlapping achieved by cell overlapping

refer to RxLev_DL vs. Overlap slider:


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Objective Function (GSM)

How to evaluate interference in GSM ?

The GSM network is a network!

minimize
each pixel weighted by the traffic
spots with are proportionally

Constraints:
RxLev_DL vs. Overlap slider position
Cost (RPI !, optional: limitation of accumulated cost & effort)
Maximum Users per Cell ( target load)

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Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Network Export Results to Validation by
Import & Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

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Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Initial Analysis by Planning Data Network Export Results to Validation by


Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

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Required Data for Network Optimization
Requirements on the Planning Data
Planning Tool Project Import step by step
Planning Tool vs. Radioplan

Important points to remember:

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Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

Measurements from Optimization targets


live network Further constraints

Initial Analysis by Planning Data Network Export Results to Validation by


Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

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Atoll-Radioplan Data Import

Antenna Definitions via COM/COM+


Network Layout Tuned
(Sites, Transmitters, Cells, Other Antennas, Repeaters) Pathloss Matrices
Original Pathloss Data
Clutter Map & DTM Map
Computation & Focus Zones
UMTS Parameters

UMTS Traffic map properties


Atoll (through the Geographic Data Set, exported to a .geo file)

via shared file system


ASM*
Export
UMTS Environment traffic map(s) as raster file(s)

optional: UMTS Environment map properties as .mnu file(s)


* Atoll
UMTS Vector traffic map(s) as vector file(s) Synchro-
nisation
UMTS or GSM Density traffic map(s) as raster file(s) Module

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Requirements on the Atoll Data (1)

Before importing an to the Radioplan ACP:


In the opened Atoll project to be imported:
Clutter and DTM maps:
references defined in their properties must be valid
Area definitions:
Computation zone:
always used for spatial filtering of the Atoll map data to be imported to Radioplan;
will define the entire area considered for all calculations in Radioplan (Simulation area)
Focus zone (optional):
sets the optimization focus and defines the area for KPI analysis (Analysis area)
Filtering zone (optional):
can be used for spatial filtering of the Atoll site data to be imported to Radioplan
Visible/filtered sites and active transmitters:
Site filter: sites hidden by Polygon filter for sites ot Filtering Zone are not imported to
Radioplan
Transmitter Active status: only Active transmitters are imported to Radioplan;
(for a Site Selection optimization: also activate all transmitters of candidate sites!)
:
only valid propagation results are imported to Radioplan (see next slide)
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Requirements on the Atoll Data (2)
Verify in Atoll that the pathloss data is valid!
Transmitters Properties Propagation tab
Click Statistics Number of transmitters to recalculate must be zero

otherwise: re-calculate the pathloss predictions!


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Atoll Project Import (1)

Connect Radioplan to Atoll:


Launch Actix Radioplan from Atoll:
Tools Launch Actix Radioplan or

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Atoll Project Import (2)

File Import Atoll Project

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Atoll Project Import (3)

The currently open and active project


is pre-selected.

Import options:
Sites and Matrices in
Computation Zone only
Skip inactive transmitters
(inactive transmitters may be useful
for measurement analysis though)
Load DTM and clutter from Atoll
Traffic import settings

Click
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Atoll Project Import (4)

Projection and Display coordinate systems


are pre-selected based on the definitions in Atoll
(Atoll: Tools Options... Coordinates)

Click

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Atoll Project Import (5)

Traffic maps: the loaded


the traffic map Click
UMTS Environment Traffic raster map
If the association is not automatically detected,
click the user defined Configuration and
select the Configuration which belongs to the
respective file
UMTS Density Traffic vector map

A click on the button to the right shows


UMTS or GSM Density Traffic raster map the imported Atoll traffic map configuration

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Atoll Project Import (6)

Automatic import includes:


Antennas
Computation and Focus Zone
Sites, Transmitters/Cells including other antennas and repeaters
DEM map(s)
Clutter map
Traffic map(s):
UMTS Environment Traffic map(s) and their properties as *.mnu files
UMTS Vector traffic map(s)
GSM Density traffic map(s)
Pathloss matrices:
if available and matching: tuned Radioplan matrices
otherwise: original Atoll pathloss maps

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Atoll vs. Radioplan (1)

Main differences

Sites Sites, Sites,


Transmitters (relative displacement), Cells (relative displacement, frequency,
UMTS/CDMA Cells (per frequency) + optimization constraints)
Area Computation zone Simulation area
Definitions Focus zone Analysis area
Prediction included out of scope of the tool;
Model pathloss data is imported and
can be tuned by measurements
Pathloss Prediction map assigned to transmitter; Pathloss matrix assigned to cell,
Data Antenna pattern included in the matrix Antenna pattern is not included.

Traffic Data Raster maps based on environments (UMTS) A traffic density raster matrix per service profile, which can be
Vector maps based on user profiles (UMTS) referenced by a UE profile.
Maps based on densities (GSM) UMTS: Traffic matrices per Atoll-Compatible Service Profile
or other options ... GSM: Absolute Traffic matrix
User as required for static planning UMTS: corresponding User definitions with optimization-
Profiles relevant parameters in Atoll-Compatible Service Profiles
GSM: Generic User definition (container for the traffic matrix)
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as required for optimization
Atoll vs. Radioplan (2)

Pathloss data import and storage

Atoll project data:


for the planned antenna orientation

During data import to Radioplan:

Radioplan project data:


may be tuned by measurements

During Radioplan calculations


of received powers:
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Projects
Configuration tab tree
Toolbars and Icons
General Settings and Configuration Data Plots
Legend Presets and Layer Templates
User Workspace
Important points to remember:

(right-mouse-click on the item)


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Radioplan application: used for ACP*

Radio Access Network

Planning Database
Measurement e.g. Investig. DEM &
Equipment Network Pathloss Traffic Con-
Atoll, & Focus Clutter
Agilent, Anritsu, R&S, Setup Maps Maps straints
Panasonic, TEMS, ... Asset Areas Maps

Automated
Drive Test Analysis
Tuning of Network Optimization
Network Layout &
Planning Data Optimizing of Site and antenna height selection
Performance and adaptation of:
Planning Data
Database antenna tilt
antenna azimuth
antenna type/pattern
cell power
Dynamic & Static
Network Simulation

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Projects (1)

Tabbed tree window:


Projects
Tree of projects in the Radioplan database
For an opened project :
Configuration
Radio network configuration data
Results
e.g. Measurement data (drive test, performance counters, )
Layers
List of graphical layers representing, e.g.
configuration data plots, images, results data, cell
visuals, result from coinciding two layers, optimization plots

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Projects (2)

Creating projects
Typically, a poject is :
File Import : e.g. from an RF planning tool
:
File Load Project Data :
from a file system with Radioplan-proprietary formats.
A selected project.cfg file is the reference to such a file system.
A project is typically not created from scratch: New Project
Opening a project
it in the Projects tree
At the end of import or loading, a project is opened automatically.
A project is closed by opening another project.
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Project Data (1)

Network Layer characterized by:


(or Technology): UMTS, GSM, CDMA, iDEN, or WiMAX
, e.g.
UMTS or CDMA carrier identifier (e.g. UARFCN)
GSM or iDEN frequency band (e.g. 850, 900, 1800, 1900)
(Hierarchical Cellular Structure): cell layer or any group of cells
: for serving cell determination

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Project Data (2)

Project Statistics

is the area with non-zero traffic density.


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Configuration Data

Configuration tab tree


contains the network configuration data
for the opened project:
Area polygons
Environment data
User characteristics
Radio Access Network (RAN) configuration data

Surface Plots toolbar icons


create surface plots of the data in the Configuration tab tree
for the activated Network Layer(s)

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Areas (1)

Analysis Area (yellow polygon):



optimization objective function shall be maximized
Simulation Area (brown polygon):
should surround the analysis area to include further sites for consideration
The entire simulation area is
optimization objective function shall never be reduced

for these area definitions


Other areas (grey polygon):
for additional display; can be set as Analysis Area or Simulation Area
Each area may consist of sub-polygons
exclude sensitive areas from optimization
include additional areas outside main area
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Areas (2)

Areas can be imported:


as part of the import from an RF planning tool or
from vector data files
Simulation and Analysis Area can be drawn and modified:
switch on Modify Simulation Area or Modify Analysis Area
draw new polygon:
left mouse click to create vertex,
double click to finish
modify existing polygon:
left mouse click on highlighted vertex, release, move, left click
right mouse click on edge,
select Insert Vertex, move, left click
Edit Undo and Redo are supported
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Environment Data (1)

Clutter data
used to distinguish
(optional)
See: Optimization Capabilities for more information.
Clutter Classes and Clutter Matrix
are typically imported from an RF planning tool
can also be created and modified manually:
import from raster format files
display clutter matrix and switch on Add Clutter Region,
draw polygon, Select Clutter Class

Display the matrix by clicking Plot Clutter Data


plot legend can be shown or hidden by Draw Additional Legend

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Environment Data (2)

Terrain or Heights data


a.k.a. Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
used to determine the

DEM Matrix
is typically imported from an RF planning tool
can also be imported from raster format files

Display the matrix by clicking Plot DEM Terrain Data

Note: Vector data loaded to the Streets item is not used by ACP.

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User Traffic Characteristics (1)

A user type is represented by a UE Profile ,


which must formally reference:
an Equipment Profile (except HSDPA flag not relevant for ACP)
a Mobility Profile (not relevant for ACP)
a Service Profile with its
Generic Service weights the traffic for ACP with 1.0
a Network Layer or ALL network layers
See: Traffic for ACP Optimization for more information.
This structure is required to hold
a Traffic Matrix.
The traffic of the matrix can also be scaled by
the Service Portion of the UE Profile.
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User Traffic Characteristics (2)

Traffic data
used for (optional)
and for observing optional capacity constraints
Traffic Matrix (also more than one)
can be imported from an RF planning tool
can also be imported from raster format files
can be created using Traffic Matrix Generation
can also be drawn and modified manually
See: Traffic for ACP Optimization for more information.
Display the matrix by right mouse click on the
Traffic Matrix and select Show this Matrix
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Network Configuration (1)

is imported from an RF planning tool


including:
Antenna patterns
Site data
Transmitter, Cell, and TRX data
Repeater and Additional antenna data
Pathloss data (!)

See: Planning Tool Data Import for more information.

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Network Configuration (2)

Antenna beam patterns:


characterized by horizontal and vertical diagram
are typically imported from an RF planning tool
can also be imported from Planet format files
should be grouped into
a set of antenna beam patterns for the

usually automatically defined during import from


RF planning tool (subject to customization)
patterns without defined Antenna Family are
grouped in the No Family subfolder

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Network Configuration (3)

Antenna Settings

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Network Configuration (4)

Antenna Settings Overview:


to open: right-mouse-click any element in Antennas folder and
select Settings Overview
:
provides overview of
antenna usage

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Network Configuration (5)

Buttons in Antenna Settings Overview:


to be used Antenna Families and Electrical Tilts
have been
and
the following to the Antenna IDs.
Antenna ID naming conventions supported
by the Update Antenna Families and Update Electrical Tilt buttons:
<AntennaFamilyName>_<ElectricalTiltInDegree>
<AntennaFamilyName>_T<ElectricalTiltInDegree>

For example:
Both Antenna IDs 742212_U_6 and 742212_U_T6 result in
Antenna Family = 742212_U and Electrical Tilt [deg] = 6.

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Network Configuration (6)

Site Settings:
to open: double-click the respective site name
typically imported from an RF planning tool

Status Info and Custom Parameters
may contain further site parameters:
either imported:
from an RF planning tool
(subject to customization)
from file (see Site Settings Overview)
or added manually
See: Optimization Capabilities for information
on the Optimization parameters.
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Network Configuration (7)

Export from / Import (= Update) to :


right-mouse-click anywhere on the grid

exports the table to a TAB-delimited *.txt file
Invisible elements (e.g. due to filtering) are not exported.

TAB-delimited *.txt file with a header row:
one header field must specify the Key of the respective Settings
Overview table, e.g. antenna, site, cell ID
other rows and columns may also contain more as well as less elements
and parameters than in the Settings Overview and also at any sequence
if the respective Key column is found in the file, e.g. cell ID :
for each Key element, e.g. cell , which is listed in the Overview Settings:
all parameters defined in the file are overwritten in the Settings Overview
table or, if not defined yet, added as new columns ( )
Note: No new rows are created.

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Network Configuration (8)

Cell Settings:
to open: double-click the respective cell name
typically imported from an RF planning tool
:
General
, e.g.:
Resources
HSDPA (UMTS)
TRXs (GSM, iDEN)
Optimization parameters
See: Optimization Capabilities for more information.
Custom Parameters
See: Site Settings for more information.

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Network Configuration (9)

Cell and Transmitter/TRX Active flags:


, which indicates that the cell exists in the network
as checkbox in front of the cell item in the Configuration tree
in the Active column in the Cell Settings Overview
Inactive cells are not displayed in the main window.
,
which indicates that the transmitter is on, so that the cell is radiating power
as Transmitter Activated flag in the Cell Settings
as Transmitter Active option in the cells context menu
in Transmitter Active column in the Cell Settings Overview
,
which indicates that the respective TRX is on and radiating power
as Active flag in the List of Radios/TRX in the Cell Settings
as Activeflag in the Transmitter Settings Overview
The BCCH Active flag is also accessible
as Transmitter Active option in the cells context menu
Cells with inactive transmitter or BCCH TRX are displayed as:
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Network Configuration (10)

Cell Settings Overview:


:
right-mouse-click any cell
of the respective technology
technologies indicated by colors
all cells with same technology are
listed with all their parameters
:
File Current Project
in case of cells: all cells of the project
are listed, but only the
technology-independent parameters

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Pathloss Data

Radioplan does not include a prediction model.


Pathloss data

Pathloss matrices can be tuned in Radioplan by measurements from
drive tests.
Pathloss Matrix
is attached to every Cell, Repeater,
and Additional Antenna
contains the ,
i.e. without antenna pattern
Display a matrix by right mouse click on the
Pathloss Matrix and select Show this Matrix
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General Settings

Default Plot Pixel Size


affects display and dependent analysis functions
should be set in accordance with the original configuration
data resolution as well as with the Calculation Pixel Size
configured for Optimization or KPI Analysis
Restrict Plots to Simulation Area
to speed up plots
Default Settings for Configuration Data Plots
Noise settings for each technology
Message Logging
log output to Message window can be logged to
text files (new file for every 2MB; old is backed up)

Local TEMP Directory storage recommended if Radioplan database


is on a remote server to the Radioplan application server
Number of Processor cores to be exploited in parallel

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Configuration Data Plots (1)

Surface plots of Configuration tab data


are based on the General Settings
Plot Clutter Data and Plot DEM Terrain Data
See: Environment Data for more information.
further plots:
Received Power
Interference Ratio
Best Serving Cell
Cell Overlapping
can be configured in the Configuration Data Plot Settings
Symbol in the Layers tab

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Configuration Data Plots (2)

Plot Settings
Title: pre-defined depending on technology; can be edited
Pixel Size: from General Settings; can be modified
Min. DL Rx Power: pixels with less received power are not
displayed
Options:
Overwrite: By default, the last, unlocked layer of the same
type (e.g. Received Power configuration plot) is overwritten
Use Pathloss Clutter Offsets: The Pathloss Offsets configured
in the Clutter Classes Settings can be added to the pathloss
e.g. for modeling the indoor received power
Restrict: from General Settings; can be modified
Mask Area by Traffic: If a Traffic Matrix is available, pixels
with zero traffic are not displayed.
Use Color: for Best Serving Cell plot
Example for UMTS network layers
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Configuration Data Plots (3)

Special Plot Settings


Evaluate 1st or n-th Best Server
plots
Cell Overlap Window [dB]: cells within this margin below
the best server are counted as overlapping (incl. server)
plot
Interference (example ):
Noise Floor: from General Settings
Calculation Mode:
Constant Network Load: all cells loaded as defined by
Network Load [%], where 0% = common channels only and
100% = Maximum Power of the respective cell;
irrespective of a traffic matrix
Constant Cell Tx Power: all cells loaded as defined by
Cell Tx Power [dBm], which includes the common channels
Individual Cell Tx Power: each cell loaded as defined by
the cells Total Power [dBm], which includes the common ch.
plot
Example for UMTS network layers
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Configuration Data Plots (4)

Special Plot Settings


Evaluate 1st or n-th Best Server
plots
Cell Overlap Window [dB]: cells within this margin below
the best server are counted as overlapping (incl. server)
plot
Interference (example ):
Noise Floor: from General Settings
Calculation Mode:
Co-Channel Network: all BCCH TRXs considered as co-channel
interferers, irrespective of a frequency plan
Frequency Plan: co-channel interference based on the
configured frequency plan
Expected Interference: probability of co-channel interference
based on # of Available Channels as well as the respective cells
frequency plan, number of TRX, and forbidden frequencies
plot Example for GSM network layers
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Configuration Data Plots (5)

Expected Interference
The interference by a co-channel TRX is weighted by a probability:
pik p jk

frequency_ k
preceived_cell_i, interfering_cell_j
No _ of _ TRX i

where pij, pik are defined as:


0 if frequency _ k _ is _ forbidden _ at _ cell _ l

pcell_l, No _ of _ TRX l
frequency_k
min1,

No _ of _ available _ freq. No _ of _ forbidden _ freq.l

It can be used as an option for interference calculation, especially in


conjunction with frequency re-planning after ACP optimization.

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Configuration Data Plots (6)

Received Power plot

beacon signal power


[dBm] received from
the best serving cell

UMTS, CDMA, WiMAX:


Best Pilot Power
GSM, iDEN:
Best RxLev Power

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Configuration Data Plots (7)

Plot Interference Ratio

beacon signal
interference ratio
[dB] of the
best serving cell

UMTS, CDMA:
Best Ec/Io
GSM, iDEN:
Best C/I
WiMAX:
Best CINR

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Configuration Data Plots (8)

Plot Best Serving Cell

Enable
Draw Additional
Legend
to display the string-
legend

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Customize Legends for Plots

To open:
Click on the legend scale in the black bar

Adjust / Select:
Scale Limits
Type of legend: Shading or Color Steps
( to select Color Steps legend: disable Autoscale!)
Table of colors and thresholds
Buttons to manipulate table entries
Use Create Transition button:
for creating an automatic range of thresholds

Legend Presets:
are templates that can be applied to any surface
plot (Load)
can be defined by the user (Add)
Radioplan can be initialized with custom templates
Default Legend Preset

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 77


Customize Surface Plots (Layers)

To open:
Click below the legend scale
in the black bar

Define:
Description

Display options

Layer Templates:
current layer settings can be used as
template for all layers of this type
(e.g. for all Best Pilot Power plots)
are saved in the User Workspace

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 78


User Workspace

Tools menu:
General and Display Settings Save or load legend.ini
are saved in winesworkspace.ini to share Legend Templates

Save or load winesworkspace.ini


to share Workspace Settings
or
Reset workspace

Manage Layer Templates:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 79


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Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Planning Data Network Export Results to Validation by


Import & Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 81


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 82
Required Data for Network Optimization
Import of Measurement Data
Compare Measurements and Planning Data

Important points to remember:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.


Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

Network configuration
(sites, cells, antennas, repeaters)
Environment (elevation, clutter;
optional: map)
Predicted pathloss Optimization targets
Area definition Further constraints
optional: Traffic map
optional: Optimization constraints

Planning Data Planning Data Network Export Results to Validation by


Import & Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 84


Import of Measurement Data (1-UMTS)
For updating the Scrambling Code plan importing the measurements,
use: Cell Settings Overview Update from File (refer to Custom Parameters)

UMTS scanner measurements Planning tool predictions


refer to: refer to:
Scrambling code (SC) UMTS cell
with SC as a cell parameter

Measurements are assigned automatically

If in the present network configuration,


measurements are still imported, but further refer to the SC

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 85


Import of Measurement Data (1-GSM)
For updating the Frequency/BSIC plan importing the measurements,
use: Cell Settings Overview Update from File (refer to Custom Parameters)

GSM scanner measurements Planning tool predictions


refer to: refer to:
BCCH channel number (ARFCN) GSM cell
BSIC with BCCH ARFCN and BSIC
(NCC, BCC) as a cell parameters

Measurements are assigned automatically

If in the present network


configuration, measurements are still imported, but further
refer to the ARFCN & BSIC
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 86
Import of Measurement Data (2)

the import plugin for the measurement

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 87


Import of Measurement Data (3-UMTS)

e.g.: Ericsson TEMS FMT (UMTS)


the measurement data
(Note: All files must be in one folder.)
Map scrambling codes to cell names
Use to account for additional losses
of the measurement system

Limitation to the Simulation Area


Set Offset when different Result Sets
should be displayed for same route
Set thresholds for derived parameters:
1. minimum RSCP and Ec/Io
2. RSCP overlap: margin for active set analysis
Import Mobile Measurements
Select a file with custom header definitions
Define a for the measurement data set
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 88
Import of Measurement Data (3-GSM)

e.g.: Ericsson TEMS GSM FMT


the measurement data
(Note: All files must be in one folder.)
Map ARFCN & BSIC to cell names
Use to account for additional losses
of the measurement system

Limitation to the Simulation Area


Set Offset when different Result Sets
should be displayed for same route
Import Mobile Measurements
Select a file with custom header definitions
Define a for the measurement data set

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 89


Measurements in the Result Set (1-UMTS)

Measurement Parameters

... [dBm]:
contains available measured values
(per cell and bin)

... [...]:
contains only values of the bins, where a cell
(or Scrambling code) is

Usage for comparison with planning data:


to be compared
with plot
to be compared
with plot

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 90


Measurements in the Result Set (1-GSM)

Measurement Parameters

... [dBm]:
contains available measured values
(per cell and bin)

... [...]:
contains only values of the bins, where a cell
(or ARFCN & BSIC) is

Usage for comparison with planning data:


to be compared
with plot
to be compared
with plot

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 91


Measurements in the Result Set (2-UMTS)

Derived Parameters
(after Import Process)

# of cells above the thresholds (RSCP, Ec/Io)


as set in the import dialog (per bin)

# of decoded cells (per bin)

# cells in Active Set considering the Margin


as set in the import dialog (per bin)

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Measurements in the Result Set (3-UMTS)

Complete UMTS Parameter Description


Cells_Above_Threshold [Num] Number of received cells with an Pilot RSCP > RSCP Threshold and an Pilot
PN Scanner Ec/I0 > Ec/Io Threshold (defined in Measurements Import dialog)

measurement Cells_Received [Num] Number of received cells


Cells_Within_Margin [Num] Number of received cells within the RSCP Overlap margin below the best cell
results description (defined in Measurements Import dialog)
EcIo - Cell [dB] Pilot Ec/Io for each cell
EcIo_Best [Cell] Best cell based on Pilot Ec/Io
refer also to:
Actix Radioplan EcIo_Best [dB] Pilot Ec/Io of the best cell

Measurement Guide ISCP - Cell [dBm] Pilot ISCP for each cell
Paths [Num] Number of detected paths
RSCP - Cell [dBm] Pilot RSCP for each cell
RSCP_Best [Cell] Best cell based on Pilot RSCP
RSCP_Best [dBm] Pilot RSCP of the best cell
RSCP_TopN [Cell] Top N cell list based on Pilot RSCP
RSCP_TopN [dBm] Top N Pilot RSCP list
RSSI - Cell [dBm] RSSI (noise) for each cell
RSSI [dBm] Mean RSSI
SIR - Cell [dB] SIR for each cell
SIR_Best [Cell] Best Cell based on SIR
SIR_Best [dB] SIR of the best cell

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 93


Measurements in the Result Set (4-UMTS)

Mobile (UE) measurements


including:

MS_ActiveSet [Num]
MS_Event [Event]
MS_EventInfo [Event]
MS_RRC_State [State]
MS_UL_TxPower [dBm]
MS_UL_Interference [dBm]

Double-click the parameter


to create a plot
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 94
Measurements in the Result Set (5)

If the measurements were already imported into another


project:
Right-mouse-click on the Results tree root
Select

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Create Default Plots (UMTS)

just select:
Type of plot
Pixel resolution
Area

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Generally Create a Plot from Measurements
name in the Result set
Parameters for Active Project dialog:
Appropriate default settings are automatically preselected
and remembered from the previous selection

optional:
Restrict to

Select Use Time


Information

Select a
combining
function for all
data in a pixel

Select Select Surface Plot Select Raster Plot and (e.g. 50m)
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 97
Best Cells Comparative Analysis (1-UMTS)

values of the serving cells:


: Plot Received Power

: Best Pilot RSCP default plot

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Best Cells Comparative Analysis (1-GSM)

values of the serving cells - create:


: Plot Received Power

: RxLev Best [dBm] direct surface plot

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Best Cells Comparative Analysis (2-UMTS)

Pilot RSCP values of the best serving cells (contd) -


comparison:
Use same legend Tooltips show the pixel values
(preset can be reused)
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 100
Best Cells Comparative Analysis (2-GSM)

RxLev Power values of the best serving cells (contd) -


comparison:
Use same legend Tooltips show the pixel values
(preset can be reused)
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 101
Best Cells Comparative Analysis (3-UMTS)

Pilot RSCP values of the best serving cells (contd) -


, e.g. minus :
Right-mouse-click
and select Coincide with other Layer
Select
as Reference Layer
Function
is selected as default

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 102


Best Cells Comparative Analysis (3-GSM)

Pilot RSCP values of the best serving cells (contd) -


, e.g. minus :
Right-mouse-click
and select Coincide with other Layer
Select
as Reference Layer
Function DIFFERENCE
is selected as default

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 103


Best Cells Comparative Analysis (4-UMTS)

Pilot RSCP values of the best serving cells (contd) -


of the Difference plot:
Right-mouse-click on the Difference plot
and select Histogram from Surface Plot Histogram also shows Mean value
and Standard Deviation

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Best Cells Comparative Analysis (5-UMTS)

Best serving :
: Plot Best Serving Cell

: Best Serving Cell default plot

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Best Cells Comparative Analysis (5-GSM)

Best serving :
: Plot Best Serving Cell

: RxLev Best [Cell] direct surface plot

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Best Cells Comparative Analysis (6-UMTS)

Best serving cell areas (contd) -


comparison
Colors are automatic; click Draw Additional Legend to show/hide the legend
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 107


Best Cells Comparative Analysis (6-GSM)

Best serving cell areas (contd) -


comparison
Colors are automatic; click Draw Additional Legend to show/hide the legend
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer

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Switched Sectors (1)

Best serving cell areas (contd) -


comparison
color mismatches may indicate
or different assignments of UMTS scrambling codes or GSM frequencies/BSICs

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 109


Switched Sectors (2)

Inappropriate assignments of measurements to cells, incl.


switched sectors,
A temporary solution (avoiding a re-import of the measurements):
Edit the Result Set and re-assign the measurements from the wrong cell
(Old Value) to the correct cell (New Value)

then re-generate the measurements plot or

Nevertheless, finally the live network and the planning data status must be aligned!
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 110
Single Cell Comparative Analysis (1-UMTS)

All available values of an cell:


: right-mouse-click the respective cell name and
select Show Received Power
recommended options:
add the cell name to the Plot Title and disable Overwrite existing Layer

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 111


Single Cell Comparative Analysis (1-GSM)

All available values of an cell:


: right-mouse-click the respective cell name and
select Show Received Power
recommended options:
add the cell name to the Plot Title and disable Overwrite existing Layer

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 112


Single Cell Comparative Analysis (2-UMTS)

All available values of an cell:


: double-click RSCP - Cell [dBm] and
in the Parameters dialog select the cell from the list of IDs
optional: select Pixel Size and Area

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 113


Single Cell Comparative Analysis (2-GSM)

All available values of an cell:


: double-click RxLev - Cell [dBm] and
in the Parameters dialog select the cell from the list of IDs
optional: select Pixel Size and Area

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Single Cell Comparative Analysis (3-UMTS)

All available Pilot RSCP values of an individual cell (contd) -


comparison:
Use same legend
(preset can be reused) Tooltips show the pixel values
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer

Further analysis options are similar to best cell values: Difference plot, Statistics
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 115
Single Cell Comparative Analysis (3-GSM)

All available RxLev Power values of an individual cell (contd) -


comparison:
Use same legend
(preset can be reused) Tooltips show the pixel values
Activate both layers

Lock both layers


for later reference:
right-mouse-click and
select Lock Layer

Further analysis options are similar to best cell values: Difference plot, Statistics
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 116
Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Network Export Results to Validation by


Import & Drive Test Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 117


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 118
Radioplan Pathloss Tuning Approach
Execution including Before-After Analysis

Important points to remember:


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.
Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

Network configuration
(sites, cells, antennas, repeaters)
Environment (elevation, clutter;
optional: map)
Predicted pathloss Optimization targets
Area definition Further constraints
optional: Traffic map
optional: Optimization constraints

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Network Export Results to Validation by


Import & Drive Test Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 120


Conventional: Model Tuning

Prediction is an extensive, iterative process

Of course, the pathloss data input to Radioplan may be generated by a tuned model.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 121
Radioplan: Pathloss Tuning (1)

Automatic tuning of all predicted pathloss matrices


based on available measurements

predicted pathloss matrix of a cell


+

Minimize the error (mean and standard deviation)


between planning and measurements
available measurements for above matrix
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 122
Radioplan: Pathloss Tuning (2)
SIGNAL STRENGTH

SIGNAL STRENGTH
Predicted Initial
Signal Profile Signal Profile

Replacing predicted Per cell calibration


datapoints with of propagation model
measured datapoints

Measured Measured
Data Data
Points Points
Modified Calibrated
Signal Profile Signal Profile

Distance Distance

Possible method: preferred method:


replace predictions with measurements shift the entire prediction map
towards the averaged measurements
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 123
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 124
Radioplan: Pathloss Tuning (3)

applied to the corresponding pathloss matrix


2 selectable methods, which are mutually exclusive per PLT bin
PLT bin
The Resolution of Control Points is the bin size for PathLoss Tuning. e.g. 250m

tuning accounts for shadowing PL00 PL10


for each sufficient number of o o
calculate a local offset as: y
PLbin = E[Measurements] E[Predictions]
+
tune related predictions by the local offets x
o o
tuning accounts for systematical error PL01 PL11
for all other sufficient number of bi-linear interpolation
calculate the Global Offset as: between (+) the
PLfrom-all-bins = E[Measurements] E[Predictions] PLT-bin-based offsets (o)

tune predictions, which are not tuned locally by the Global Offset
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 125
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 126
Radioplan: Pathloss Tuning (4)

Binned and grid-averaged measurements:


offset values at reference points
examples

examples

Resulting pathloss matrix


Original pathloss matrix
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 127
Before Pathloss Tuning

Select the Network Layer to be tuned


It is a precondition that the measurements are assigned to
the correct cells!
Additionally the Pathloss Tuning Overview step may help to identify
mismatches.
For a Before-After Analysis, create and lock the following plots:
UMTS: and GSM:
UMTS: and GSM:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 128


Start Pathloss Tuning

Measurements Tune Pathloss Matrices


Select the project that contains the imported
drive test measurements
Select one or more Measurement Result Sets

In case of doubt, keep the default settings


Resolution of Control Points is the PLT bin size
should be set to about the mean distance
between the streets in the drive test
Show Grid of Control Points: display the selected
PLT bin size as a Graphics Overlay
Measuremen Data Bin Size for binning the raw
measurement data should be set equal to
(but not smaller than) the pixel size of the
pathloss matrices

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Pathloss Tuning Overview (1)

not tuned yet, but: Cell-by-cell data analysis Review!

classifies the results per cell


(Double-click the header to sort
the table based on the column!)

Cells with No or Not enough


Measurements are
automatically disabled

OK cells can usually be tuned


as they are.

Check Difference cells have


more than 10dB Global
Offset should be analyzed:
What is the reason for their
big deviation between mea-
surements and predictions?
executes the pathloss tuning as selected
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 130
Pathloss Tuning Overview (2)

Global Offset [dB] is the mean difference of Measurements - Predictions


> 0 : predicted received power is on average than measured
< 0 : predicted () than measured

for a big Global Offset, i.e. for large average


differences between measurements and predictions?

To locate and further investigate a cell:


Mark a table row, click , and minimize the window
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 131
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 132
Pathloss Tuning Overview (3)

3 flags to control the pathloss tuning:


Enable Tuning: master flag
Global Offset Correction: enables Global Offset tuning
Local Shadowing: enables Local Shadowing tuning
No Measurements if the cell is located in the area of interest:
Was the cell not turned on during the drive test?
Does the UMTS/CDMA scrambling code or GSM/iDEN BCCH channel number & color
code configured in the planning tool not match the measured one?
Not enough Measurements if the cell is located in the area of interest:
Collect further measurements, change/extend drive test route
Check Difference if the cell shall be tuned by the Global Offset:
Recommendation: edit the Global Offset to limit it to not exceed 10dB

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 133


After Pathloss Tuning (1)

Pathloss Tuning can be reverted by Undo Pathloss Tuning


Pathloss Tuning has been executed on a project:
if Measurements Undo Pathloss Tuning is active
if the generated Pathloss Tuning Overview table
lists Already Tuned items

For a Before-After Analysis, create the following plots again:


UMTS: and GSM:
UMTS: and GSM:
use Overlaid plots, Layer Slide Show, Difference plot, Statistics etc.
for comparative analysis

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 134


After Pathloss Tuning (2)
Reduced deviation between predictions and measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 135


After Pathloss Tuning (3)

Reuse of Tuned Predictions:


Archive tuned predictions to load it after the next import of the
project from the planning tool
File Export Export Tuned Predictions
select the folder for archiving
After importing the planning tool project with untuned predictions:
File Import Import Tuned Predictions
Untuned predictions of the corresponding cells are automatically overwritten, if
the location, dimension, and resolution of the matrix is the same.

Export tuned predictions to the planning tool


refer to planning tool export from Radioplan

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 136


Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Export Results to Validation by


Import & Drive Test Tuning by Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 137


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 138
Optimization Workflow:
Step-by-Step

Important points to remember:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.


Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

Network configuration
(sites, cells, antennas, repeaters)
Environment (elevation, clutter;
optional: map)
Predicted pathloss Measurements from
Area definition live network
optional: Traffic map
optional: Optimization constraints

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Export Results to Validation by


Import & Drive Test Tuning by Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 140


Optimization Workflow

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration incl. progress results analysis
configuration in the indication, automatic and reporting
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 141


Optimization Capabilities in the Project

for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Problem Optimizer Optimization process Optimization


analysis configuration incl. progress results analysis
indication, automatic and reporting
plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 142


Network Layer and Active Cells (UMTS)

The optimization will be executed for:


the
of the selected

There are 2 Active flags:


Active flag


(Subcell)
Active flag

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 143


Areas Definition

Analysis Area (yellow polygon):



determines the reconfigurable cells
optimization objective function shall be maximized
Simulation Area (brown polygon):
should surround the analysis area to include sites for consideration
The entire simulation area is
optimization objective function shall never be reduced

Each area may consist of sub-polygons


exclude specific areas from optimization
include additional areas outside main area
for these area definitions
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 144
Clutter-Specific Coverage Targets (UMTS)

Clutter-specific Pilot RSCP target thresholds:


account for shadowing margins and indoor penetration
used
For example:
highest: Dense Urban -80 dBm = -95 dBm + 15 dB pathloss offset
Urban -85 dBm = -95 dBm + 10 dB
Suburban -90 dBm = -95 dBm + 5 dB
lowest: Rural, open areas -95 dBm = -95 dBm = reference threshold

Optimization Clutter
Analysis Classes
Settings Settings

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 145


Clutter-Specific Coverage Targets

from the planning tool are

The decision whether a certain received signal level is sufficient for


can be made however also :
A higher target can account for:
Shadowing margin Received Outdoor threshold level
signal level required for Coverage
Indoor penetration loss
Example: -95 dBm
-95 dBm + 9 dB
+ 9 dB + 10 dB
-90 dBm -95 dBm = -84 dBm = -74 dBm

Outdoor Outdoor Outdoor Indoor


The prediction model may consider clutter-specific
ground level ground level ground level ground level
attenuations on the propagation path.
50% reliability 50% reliability 95% reliability 95% reliability
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 146
Antenna Families

Required for optimization:


set of patterns for same antenna model,
each with different electrical tilt

otherwise: configurable in Antenna Settings Overview


No Family antennas cannot be used for electrical tilt
optimization (except: AEDT approximation is used)
Note: Update Antenna Families and Update Electrcial Tilt
works for the following naming schemes:
<Family> <e-Tilt []> , <Family > <e-Tilt []> , <Family > <e-Tilt []>

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 147


Groups of Alternative Antennas

Required for optimization:


set of antennas of
different antenna models,
i.e. of different antenna families

During optimization the original antenna definition at a cell can then be


replaced with an antenna definition from up to 5 configured antenna groups.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 148
Site Constraints on Antenna Changes

To prevent any change at a site: disable Is Reconfigurable


configure several sites at once in the Site Settings Overview

For sites with antenna installation with locked azimuths


Lock Angle between Cells must be activated
Then, any azimuth change at a cell of thsis site must not change the azimuth
relations between the cells.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 149
Cell Constraints on Antenna Changes (1)

Reconfigurable parameters
due to of the respective antenna
Note: The optimization may apply even tighter constraints.
configure several cells at once in the Cell Settings Overview

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 150


Cell Constraints on Antenna Changes (2)

Reconfigurable parameters:
Mechanical Tilt, Electrical Tilt, Azimuth, Power, Antenna Type
also indicate whether Electrical Tilt can be changed remotely
Absolute Min-Max range for reconfiguration:
Mechanical Tilt, Azimuth, Power within the given range
Electrical Tilt within the smaller of the two ranges:
antenna family and range given here
Antenna Type within the selected Group (defined in Antenna Settings)
Step size for reconfiguration:
Tilt (applies to Mechanical and Electrical), Azimuth, Power
Max. Users per Cell:
The target number of users for this cell.
(cell-specific Costs only used for Capital Planning, not for ACP)
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 151
Problem Analysis

for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Optimizer Optimization process Optimization


capabilities configuration incl. progress results analysis
configuration in the indication, automatic and reporting
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 152


General Settings

Tools General Settings


contains options that are relevant for optimization:
Default Plot Pixel Size
for display and dependent analysis functions
(as opposed to: Calculation pixel size for optimization)
Restrict Plots to Simulation Area
to speed up plots
Noise Floor settings for each technology
Message Logging
recommended to be enabled
Multithreading
is enabled by default if the processor has multiple cores

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 153


Multiple Network Layers

For a multi-layer optimization:


select the network layer(s) now
from the drop-down menu
or
in Network Layers dialog

select the network layers later


in the Optimization Wizard

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 154


Analysis Settings (1-UMTS)

have to be defined for the Analysis Plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 155


Analysis Settings (2-UMTS)

Calculation Pixel Size


recommended: 25m 50m 100m (depending on average site distance,
area size, optimization run-time, and RAM constraints)
not smaller than pathloss matrix resolution
Pilot RSCP and Ec/Io targets
to be set according to planning guidelines
clutter-specific offsets are added
Pilot Ec/Io target is related to Network Load
DCH Network Load
0%: no DCH user traffic
> 0% ... 100%: DCH user traffic load level
above CCH powers up to Max. Cell Power
Trade-off between interference
minimization and load balancing

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 156


Analysis Settings (3-UMTS)

Cell Overlap Margin


to be set according to reporting guidelines
Margin for Relevant Cell Plot
Optimization ... Analysis Plots Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells
identifies all cells that are received within this margin below the best serving cell at
any pixel inside of the Analysis Area
useful to determine the necessary Simulation Area size
Traffic and Area Masking
Consider Traffic Distribution
if traffic map available
Areas with zero traffic density can be
excluded from optimization
Optimization can also be performed for:
initially covered area only
Analysis Area only

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 157


Analysis Settings (4-UMTS)

Cells Located in Analysis Area


all active cells within the Analysis Area.
reconfiguration is hard-limited to
Best Cells in Analysis Area
all "Cells Located in Analysis Area" plus all active
cells that are the best server at least at one pixel
in the Analysis Area
reconfiguration is soft-limited to

Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area


all "Best Cells in Analysis Area" plus
all active cells that are received within
a Margin below the best server at least
at one pixel in the Analysis Area.
The Margin [dB] is configurable below.
reconfiguration is soft-limited to

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 158


Analysis Plots (UMTS)

Optimization Layers:
created from Optimization menu listed in Layers tab
indicated by icon

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 159


Optimizer Configuration

for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimization process Optimization


capabilities analysis incl. progress results analysis
configuration in the indication, automatic and reporting
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 160


Run Optimization Wizard
Template Selection

Optimization Run Optimization

One element must be selected:


an available template, i.e.
a pre-defined optimization
scenario or
No Template , i.e.
use the optimization settings
previously saved in the project
To go through settings pages
check Show Optimization Wizard Next
low user level can block access to that Wizard
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 161


Run Optimization Wizard
Optimization Task Selection (UMTS)

Select Optimizer and


Configure Optimizer

Optimization Plot Settings


for each selected plot, a pair of
optimization plots is automatically
created during the optimization process:
(Begin Opt.) and
(Running Opt.) or (End Opt.)
Plot Options
Remove Present Plots
removes all unlocked Optimization plots from the
Layers tab before generating the new plots
Next
Automatic Plot Update
(Running Opt.) plots are continuously updated
Wizard
disable to further speed up the optimization Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 162


Optimizer Settings (1-UMTS)

Select optimizable parameters

= minimum required benefit to


accept the parameter change;
Recommendation:
2% ... 10% for expensive changes
(e.g. antenna type, azimuth,
mechanical tilt)
0% ... 1% for less expensive changes
(e.g. electrical tilt, [Pilot power])
Select optimization range around initial value,
i.e. search window per run
see next slide for details

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 163


Optimizer Settings (2)

Search window per Optimization Run


initial value before optimization e.g.
may be planning default, pre-optimized, 2

hard limited
defined in Project Cell Optimization Capabilities 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
e.g. for mechanical tilt
[Min..(StepSize)..Max] = [0..(1)..15] 5 steps down, but
hard-limited by 0
soft limited 5 steps up
(up = higher value)
optimization , e.g. 3 runs Run #1 01234567
defined in Run Optimization Wizard
Optimizer Settings
Run #2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
e.g. mechanical tilt
[Max Steps Up; .. Down] = [5; 5]
assumed optimization results Run #3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Rule of thumb for exploiting the entire optimization range:


# opt. runs * Max Steps Up (or Down) hard limited range, e.g. here: 3 * 5 = 15
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 164
Optimizer Settings (3-UMTS)

Business Rules contain


additional options:

Check Minimum Azimuth


Separation
No azimuth change must violate
the configured min. separation
from its adjacent sectors.
Check Maximum Users per Cell
No reconfiguration must increase
the number of users at any cell
above the Max. Users per Cell
threshold defined in that cell.

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 165


Optimizer Settings (4-UMTS)

Target percentage of the


(i.e. pixels)
to be applied to:
Analysis area
Simulation area
each clutter class area,
if Use Clutter... is enabled
If clutter classes are very much
fragmented Merge ... should be applied.
Target percentage of the
(i.e. traffic values)
(similar to above)

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 166


Optimizer Settings (5-UMTS)

optimization
towards (RSCP) and
(Ec/Io) :
Left: maximize RSCP coverage only
Inside Left: prefer RSCP coverage,
no capacity degradation
Inside Right: prefer capacity,
no RSCP degradation
Right: maximize capacity only
Coverage objective:
consider Coverage in terms of:
Area or Traffic or both
Max. Number of optimization runs
Iterative method: 3 or 2 recommended

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 167


Optimizer Settings (6)

Areas observed during optimization:


Analysis Area (yellow polygon)
an element of the Project Configuration
optimization objective function
shall be maximized
Simulation Area (brown polygon)
an element of the Project Configuration
optimization objective function
shall never be reduced
Cells Impact Area (light blue)
where the change of this cell an impact
automatically calculated during
optimization; not visible
larger than Best Cell Area (blue)
relative improvement of the optimization
objective function must exceed the RPI
for a change to be accepted
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 168
Run Optimization Wizard
Multi-Layer Optimization (UMTS)

In case of a single network layer


just click Next

For Multi-Layer Optimization:


target network layers are displayed
select constraint network layers
refer to Multi-Layer optimization Next
for more information Wizard
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 169


Run Optimization Wizard
Settings for Target Layers (UMTS)

mainly include the Optimization

review and adjust, if required

Additional
Thresholds
for additional
statistics in the
Optimization
summary report
no impact on
the optimization

Use Additional Electrical DownTilt (AEDT) Next


Approximation: Wizard
just for special case of no antenna families are available Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 170


Run Optimization Wizard
Settings for Target Layers

Overshooting Cell Compensation


If enabled, overshooting (boomer) cells
are automatically identified and tilted
down before starting the actual
optimization process
A cell, which exceeds the Minimum
Interference To Serving Area Ratio, is
considered as an overshooting cell.

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 171


Run Optimization Wizard
Cost Control Settings (UMTS)

The total cost and effort required


for all changes can be limited here.
If disabled, the RPI values in the Optimizer
Settings still consider the cost and benefit
of different types of changes.
Even if disabled:
still useful for reporting the total cost and
effort accumulated over all changes
A solution for a limited budget can also
be selected later from the Optimization
Progress Chart.

for Capacity and Coverage optimization:


Next
If enabled: RPI values are only considered and Wizard
Cost and Effort are only accumulated
for sites with Rollout Status Existent
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 172


Run Optimization Wizard
Configuration Summary

Summary of the selected template


and the configured settings

Save as Template
the entire configuration can be saved
as a new template
low user level can block access to that

Start
the
optimi-
zation
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Optimization Settings - Customization

All optimization settings are persistently saved in the


respective project of the Radioplan database.
from Analysis Settings and Optimization Wizard
if confirmed by OK, by Save if the Optimization Wizard
is canceled, or by starting the optimization of the project

Additionally, the Optimizer Settings can be


saved to and loaded from a user-defined
configuration file optimization.ini .

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 174


Optimization Process

for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration results analysis
configuration in the and reporting
Radioplan project

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 175


Optimization Start

The Run button at the last page of the Run Optimization Wizard starts
the optimization.

Automatic actions after start:


Creating optimization plots (2 of each)
Optimizing the chosen parameters in a certain order for each cell for the
configured number of iterations (optimization runs)
Logging the progress in the Message window

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 176


Optimization Process

Optimization progress is visualized:


Open by clicking

Network status can be analyzed at any time during optimization:


Analyse the automatic optimization plots in the Layers tab
by clicking

Optimization can be stopped at any time by clicking


Process is stopped in a controlled manner
Intermediate results are available
Resulting network is always improved

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 177


Optimization Progress Chart (UMTS)

and in [%] of the Analysis Area (AA) are


displayed for and

over the steps of the


optimization process

or, alternatively,

over the cost or effort


accumulated over all
optimization changes

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 178


Optimization Results

for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process


capabilities analysis configuration incl. progress
configuration in the indication, automatic
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 179


Optimization Results Analysis

Means for Optimization Results Analysis:


Automatic Optimization plots: (Begin Opt.) and (End Opt.)
Plot functions for statistical analysis, e.g.
Histogram, Clutter Statistics, Cell Statistics

Results dialog
Optimization Summary Report
Change plots incl. statistical analysis
Change list, Work order
Submit New Values KPI Analysis plugins

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 180


Before vs. After Plot Analysis

Automatic Optimization plots:


all of them available twice:
before and after optimization by (Begin Opt.) and (End Opt.), resp.
Graphical comparison
switch between plots (consecutive double-clicks on layer items)
Layer Slide Show by clicking
Calculative comparison
using Coincide with other Layer... from a Layers context menu
Statistical evaluation of improvement
e.g. by creating histogram from difference plot

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 181


Example: Pilot Ec/Io Plots (1)

Pair of plots for the status before and after optimization

after

before

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Example: Pilot Ec/Io Plots (2)

Create a Difference plot


Call function
at first layer

Select
second layer

Choose
DIFFERENCE as
combination
function

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Example: Pilot Ec/Io Plots (3)

Derive statistics of improvements

Ec/Io improvement: mean and standard deviation


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 184
Optimization Results Dialog (1-UMTS)

is automatically opened when the optimization is finished


lists all cells and selected parameters and highlights the changes

Graphical visualization Save the Changes can be individually NOTE: Antenna Height
of changes and Summary Change list or accepted or denied. Certain = Site Altitude
+ Antenna Height !
improvements Report a Work Order Grid fields can be edited.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 185
Optimization Results Dialog (2-UMTS)

Interactively select an intermediate result from the Progress Chart


Show in Results Dialog... sets the table to
the selected intermediate result

Launch Optimization Progress chart


to pick an intermediate result
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 186
Optimization Results Dialog (3)

While the dialog is open, optimization results can be written to the


database for :
Optimization (by Progress Chart interaction)
individual modifications of the WiNeS optimization result
( by editing the grid contents to )
restore the original values

Close Dialog then provides several options:


Submit New Values: i.e. the values in the grid (may be user-edited)
Restore Original Values: i.e. non-optimized
Close: i.e. leave database unchanged (may have been changed before by the user
through the dialog buttons)
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 187
Optimization Summary Report (UMTS)

Optimization settings overview

Cost control statistics:


accumulated cost and effort

Number of changed sites and cells


for each cell parameter

Limitations by Cell Optimization Capabilities

Performance statistics for Simulation area, Analysis


area, and optionally per Clutter class area on:
Pilot RSCP Covered Area, Covered Traffic
Pilot Ec/Io Covered Area, Covered Traffic
Overlapping Cells
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 188
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 189
Optimization Workflow:
Step-by-Step GSM specifics (in contrast to UMTS)

Important points to remember:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.


GSM vs. UMTS Optimization

Main differences:
UMTS GSM
RF measures for coverage Pilot RSCP RxLev_DL (of the BCCH carrier)
evaluation Pilot Ec/Io C/I (co-channel intereference on BCCH carrier
Measure for interference Relative Load per Cell (Ec/Io) Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell
minimization ( )
Power optimization Pilot power BCCH carrier power

Commonalities include:
Optimization principles and workflow
Cell and site optimization capabilities
Clutter-specific offsets to coverage target thresholds
Cost control through RPI as well as cost & effort configuration
Optimization results presentation and analysis
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 191
Optimization Capabilities in the Project

for GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Problem Optimizer Optimization process Optimization


analysis configuration incl. progress results analysis
indication, automatic and reporting
plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 192


Network Layer and Active Cells (GSM)

The optimization will be executed for:


the
of the selected

There are 2 Active flags:


Active flag


(Subcell)
Active flag

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 193


Optimization Capabilities (GSM)

Similar to UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:


Areas Definition
Clutter-Specific Coverage Targets
Antenna Families for electrical tilt optimization
Groups of Alternative Antennas for antenna type optimization
Site constraints on antenna changes
Cell constraints on antenna changes

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 194


Clutter-Specific Coverage Targets (GSM)

Clutter-specific RxLev_DL power target thresholds:


account for shadowing margins and indoor penetration
used
For example:
highest: Dense Urban -75 dBm = -90 dBm + 15 dB pathloss offset
Urban -80 dBm = -90 dBm + 10 dB
Suburban -85 dBm = -90 dBm + 5 dB
lowest: Rural, open areas -90 dBm = -90 dBm = reference threshold

Optimization Clutter
Analysis Classes
Settings Settings

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GSM Cell Settings (1-Resources)

Cell Output Power

Min. RxPower Threshold [dBm]


for Serving Cell Calculation
The minimum DL received power
required for being served by this cell

e.g. for concentric cells

If no value is specified, the Min.


DL RxPower (Coverage cutoff)
from the Configuration Data Plot
dialog is applied

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 196


GSM Cell Settings (2-Transmitters)

List of Transmitters (Tx)


Type:
BCCH (always the one with index 0)
TCHs starting with index 1
Active flag:
If the BCCH flag is OFF, the cell is
considered as Transmitter-Inactive
TCH List:
Channel number of the carrier
frequency assigned to this Tx
only one number for BCCH
possibly a list of numbers for TCHs
in case of frequency hopping

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 197


Problem Analysis

for GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Optimizer Optimization process Optimization


capabilities configuration incl. progress results analysis
configuration in the indication, automatic and reporting
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 198


Analysis Settings (1-GSM)

have to be defined for the Analysis Plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 199


Analysis Settings (2-GSM)

Calculation Pixel Size


recommended: 25m 50m 100m (depending on average site distance,
area size, optimization run-time, and RAM constraints)
not smaller than pathloss matrix resolution
RxLev_DL and C/I targets
to be set according to planning
guidelines
clutter-specific offsets are added
C/I:
BCCH carriers co-channel interference
based on the frequency plan

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 200


Analysis Settings (3-GSM)

Cell Overlap Margin


to be set according to reporting guidelines

Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method


:
All cells received within the Overlap
Margin are counted as overlapping
irrespective of their frequency band.
or
:
Only cells currently belonging to
network layers with the same frequency
band are counted as overlapping

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 201


Analysis Settings (4-GSM)

Margin for Relevant Cell Plot


Optimization ... Analysis Plots Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells
identifies all cells that are received within this margin below the best serving cell at
any pixel inside of the Analysis Area
useful to determine the necessary Simulation Area size

Traffic and Area Masking


Consider Traffic Distribution
if traffic map available
Areas with zero traffic density can be
excluded from optimization
Optimization can also be performed for:
initially covered area only
Analysis Area only

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 202


Analysis Settings (5-GSM)

For determining the number of required logical channels per cell:


(in the Optimization Summary Report)

Only if Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled:


The target Erlang B blocking probability
that is used for the calculation of the
number of logical traffic channels (TCH)
required to serve the traffic assigned to
the cell.

Then, the Optimization Summary Report


contains the number of logical channels
required before and after optimization.

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 203


Analysis Settings (6-GSM)

For GSM multi-band configurations and Hierarchical Cell Structures (HCS):

Consider Min. RxPower


If enabled and Consider Traffic Distribution is enabled:
Best serving cells are determined based on
their Min. RxPower Thresholds and
traffic is assigned to the cells accordingly.

Namely, traffic is only assigned to a cell,


if the cells RxLev_DL at the traffic pixel
exceeds that cells Min. RxPower Threshold.

Moreover, in case of multiple cells with


a RxLev_DL high enough, the traffic is
assigned to the cell with the highest Min.
RxPower Threshold even if that cell
provides a lower RxLev_DL than other cells.

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 204


Analysis Settings (7-GSM)

Cells Located in Analysis Area


all active cells within the Analysis Area.
reconfiguration is hard-limited to
Best Cells in Analysis Area
all "Cells Located in Analysis Area" plus all active cells
that are the best server at least at one pixel
in the Analysis Area
reconfiguration is soft-limited to

Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area


all "Best Cells in Analysis Area" plus
all active cells that are received within
a Margin below the best server at least
at one pixel in the Analysis Area.
The Margin [dB] is configurable below.
reconfiguration is soft-limited to

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 205


Analysis Plots (GSM)

Optimization Layers:
created from Optimization menu listed in Layers tab
indicated by icon

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 206


Optimizer Configuration

for GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimization process Optimization


capabilities analysis incl. progress results analysis
configuration in the indication, automatic and reporting
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 207


Optimizer Configuration (GSM)

To a great extent similar to


UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:
Run Optimization Wizard
Template Selection
Multi-Layer Optimization
Overshooting Cell Compensation
Cost Control Settings
Configuration Summary
Saved optimization settings

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 208


Run Optimization Wizard
Optimization Task Selection (GSM)

Select Optimizer and


Configure Optimizer

Optimization Plot Settings


for each selected plot, a pair of
optimization plots is automatically
created during the optimization process:
(Begin Opt.) and
(Running Opt.) or (End Opt.)
Plot Options
Remove Present Plots
removes all unlocked Optimization plots from the
Layers tab before generating the new plots
Next
Automatic Plot Update
(Running Opt.) plots are continuously updated
Wizard
disable to further speed up the optimization Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 209


Optimizer Settings (1-GSM)

Select optimizable parameters

= minimum required benefit to


accept the parameter change;
Recommendation:
2% ... 10% for expensive changes
(e.g. antenna type, azimuth,
mechanical tilt)
0% ... 1% for less expensive changes
(e.g. electrical tilt, [Output power])
Select optimization range around initial value,
i.e. search window per run
see next slide for details

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 210


Optimizer Settings (2-GSM)

Business Rules contain


additional options:

Check Minimum Azimuth


Separation
No azimuth change must violate
the configured min. separation
from its adjacent sectors.
Check Maximum Users per Cell
To
No reconfiguration must increase
the number of users at any cell
above the Max. Users per Cell
threshold defined in that cell.

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 211


Optimizer Settings (3-GSM)

Target percentage of the


(i.e. pixels)
to be applied to:
Analysis area
Simulation area
each clutter class area,
if Use Clutter... is enabled
If clutter classes are very much
fragmented Merge ... should be applied.
Target percentage of the
(i.e. traffic values)
(similar to above)

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 212


Optimizer Settings (4-GSM)

optimization
towards (RxLev_DL) and
(Overlap) :
Left: maximize RxLev_DL coverage only
Inside Left: prefer RxLev_DL coverage,
no overlap degradation
Inside Right: prefer overlap,
no RxLev_DL degradation
Right: minimize overlap only
Coverage objective:
consider Coverage in terms of:
Area or Traffic or both
Max. Number of optimization runs
Iterative method: 3 or 2 recommended

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 213


Run Optimization Wizard
Settings for Target Layers (GSM)

mainly include the Optimization

review and adjust, if required

Use Additional Electrical DownTilt (AEDT)


Approximation: Next
just for special case of no antenna families are available Wizard
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 214


Optimization Process

for GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration results analysis
configuration in the and reporting
Radioplan project

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 215


Optimization Process (GSM)

Similar to UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:

Optimization Start, Automatic actions


Optimization Process
Optimization Progress Chart

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 216


Optimization Progress Chart (GSM)

and in [%] of the Analysis Area (AA) are


displayed for and

over the steps of the


optimization process

or, alternatively,

over the cost or effort


accumulated over all
optimization changes

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 217


Optimization Results

for GSM Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process


capabilities analysis configuration incl. progress
configuration in the indication, automatic
Radioplan project plots

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 218


Optimization Results Analysis

Similar to UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:

Before vs. After Plot Analysis


Optimization Results Dialog
Optimization Summary Report

is reported for coverage


and Best Cell are reported for interference

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 219


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 220
Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Export Results to Validation by


Import & Drive Test Tuning by Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Live Network Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 221


Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 222
Optimization Workflow:
Step-by-Step Site Integration specifics for a UMTS example
(in contrast to Capacity and Coverage Optimization)

Important points to remember:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.


Optimization Capabilities

Specifics of the Site Integration Optimization


compared to UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:
Areas definition:
The Analysis Area must include all sites to be integrated
and may also include some surrounding sites.
The Simulation Area shall include a reasonable buffer zone.
Cell settings and constraints:
The reconfigurable cells are determined internally and may also be outside of
the Analysis Area.
The new sites to be integrated should not have a very strong downtilt already
before optimization.
Site settings:
To consider cost of changes: set Rollout Status to Existent.
To ignore cost of changes: set Rollout Status Not Existent or Planned.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 224
Problem Analysis

Specifics of the Site Integration Optimization


compared to UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization:

Reconfigurable Cell Selection


internally determined

It is still recommended to analyze the initial status of the targeted


performance criteria in the Analysis Area

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 225


Run Optimization Wizard
Optimization Task Selection (UMTS)

Select Optimizer and


Configure Optimizer

Optimization Plot Settings


for each selected plot, a pair of
optimization plots is automatically
created during the optimization process:
(Begin Opt.) and
(Running Opt.) or (End Opt.)
Plot Options
Remove Present Plots
removes all unlocked Optimization plots from the
Layers tab before generating the new plots
Next
Automatic Plot Update
(Running Opt.) plots are continuously updated
Wizard
disable to further speed up the optimization Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 226


Run Optimization Wizard
Site Integration

Select Optimizer and


Configure Optimizer

Cost of changes will be ignored for:


all sites set as To Be Integrated,
irrespective of their Rollout Status,
and
all sites with Rollout Status:
Not Existent
Planned Next
Wizard
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 227


Run Optimization Wizard
Cost Control Settings (UMTS)

for Site Integration optimization:


in order to consider cost of changes
only for sites with Rollout Status Existent,
which are not To Be Integrated

Next
Wizard
Page

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 228


Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

planning data measurements

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Network Validation by


Import & Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 229


Copyright Actix 2009.
2010. Commercial in confidence. 230
Planning Tool Project Update step by step

Important points to remember:

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence.


Radioplan Network Optimization Workflow

Planning Data Initial Analysis by Planning Data Network Validation by


Import & Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Drive Test
Project Review Measurements Measurements Measurements

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 232


Atoll-Radioplan Data Export

Reconfigured Network Layout via COM/COM+


(Transmitter & Cell properties) ASM

Atoll
via shared file system
Tuned
Pathloss.dbf and corresponding .los files
Pathloss Matrices

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 233


Export New Network
Configuration to Atoll (1)

How to export from Radioplan to Atoll:


Open the project to be updated
Select for the data export
Select File Export Update Atoll Project...

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 234


Export New Network
Configuration to Atoll (2)

Select the Atoll project to update

Optional: Review the changes to be submitted


list of cells: default is Hide unchanged cells
for each parameter: Update flag, Atoll value, and Radioplan (WiNeS) value are shown

The selected Atoll project is updated.


Then in Atoll: The changes still need to be saved.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 235
Tune Atoll Predictions (1)

Changes to the pathloss predictions through Radioplan Pathloss Tuning


can be transferred to the original Atoll predictions.
Requirements:
The Atoll pathloss maps must be saved in a directory (\.losses),
i.e. they must not be embedded in the Atoll project.
The Atoll prediction files must be located in a directory accessible to Radioplan.
The prediction files to be tuned must not be locked by any open Atoll project.
Workflow Requirement:
Tune Atoll Predictions after the Export of a new Network Configuration to Atoll
Reason: The Export of a new Network Configuration to Atoll invalidates the
corresponding Atoll predictions and thus lets Atoll overwrite the tuned predictions
from Radioplan by recalculated (untuned) Atoll predictions!

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 236


Tune Atoll Predictions (2)

File Export Tune Atoll Predictions


select the Pathloss.dbf

The selected Atoll predictions for the corresponding Atoll transmitters are
changed to the status of the tuned Radioplan pathloss matrices.
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 237
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 238
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 241
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 242
Optimiz. Scenarios Settings:

Start with projects except the following settings


RxLev vs. Overlap Tilt (mech. only) Azimuth
1 yes yes
RPI: 2% (other not applicable) RPI: 2%
2 yes no
RxLev_DL RPI: 2%, 0.01%, 0.01%
3 Preferred yes yes
RPI: 0.01%, (other n.a.) RPI: 0.01%
4 yes no
RPI: 0.01%, 0.01%, 0.01%
5 yes yes
RPI: 2% (other not applicable) RPI: 2%
Overlap Preferred
6 yes yes
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. RPI: 0.01% (other n.a.) RPI: 0.01% 243
Optimiz. Results Overview:
Compare the identical original KPIs with the KPIs from the
optimization results scenario result the ?
RxLev_DL C/I Mean C/I Mean / # Cell # Cell
Covered Covered [dB] StdDev changes: changes:
Area / Area / Best Cell Tilt (mech. Azimuth
Traffic Traffic Overlap only)
[%] [%] [Num]

Analysis Area (AA) Simulation Area (SA)

Orig.

1
2
3
4
5
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 244
6
Optimiz. Scenarios Settings:

Start with projects except the following settings


RSCP vs. Ec/Io Tilt (mech., el., remote el.) Azimuth
1 yes yes
RPI: 2%, 0.01%, 0.01% RPI: 5%
2 yes no
RSCP RPI: 2%, 0.01%, 0.01%
3 Preferred yes yes
RPI: 0.01%, 0.01%, 0.01% RPI: 0.01%
4 yes no
RPI: 0.01%, 0.01%, 0.01%
5 yes yes
RPI: 2%, 0.01%, 0.01% RPI: 5%
Ec/Io Preferred
6 yes yes
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. RPI: 0.01%, 0.01%, 0.01% RPI: 0.01% 245
Optimiz. Results Overview:
Compare the identical original KPIs with the KPIs from the
optimization results scenario result the ?
RSCP Ec/Io Mean Best Pilot Pollution # Cell # Cell
Covered Covered Pilot Ec/Io Area [%] changes: changes:
Area / Area / [dB] el. Tilt (RET) / Azim.
Traffic Traffic (Best Cell mech. Tilt /
[%] [%] Overlap >= 4) total
Analysis Area (AA) Simulation Area (SA)

Orig.
1
2
3
4
5
6 Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 246
Performance Improvement vs. Costs

imply for the


implementation of the RAN design changes.
The Radioplan optimization result is a between
both:

maximum
Parameter large Performance medium
space: Improvement
number of
parameters small lowest
& their ranges medium Costs for
Implementation

low high
RPI values
Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 247
The optimal RAN configuration?

There is not one optimum for everything!


The optimum depends on:
targets
constraints

You set targets and constraints.

Hence, !

Copyright Actix 2010. Commercial in confidence. 248


Cost Control: Control the Number of Changes
Cell Optimization Capabilities Before optimization: optional: individually
cell-specific limitations to Parameters selected for optimization select the changes
the changeability of parameters Required Performance Improvement (RPI) to be exported to the
and their possible planning tool and the
optional: Cost and Effort Limits live network
reconfiguration ranges
After optimization:
optional: interactively select intermediate
result from Optimization Progress Chart
optional: Individually reject or restrict
proposed changes

Planning Data Init. Anal. by Planning Data Network Feedback Results to Validation by
Import & Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurem. or Measurements Live Network Measurem. or
Simulations Simulations
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HSDPA Optimization

UMTS Capacity and Coverage optimization is extended by


additional HSDPA targets and constraints
HSDPA Main Characteristics
Set of new UTRAN transport and physical channels incl.
High-Speed Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH)
shared channel in addition to Release99/DCH channels
allows for additional code multiplexing of user transmissions
no soft handover
High-Speed Multi-User Packet Scheduling
introduces time multiplexing of user transmissions
RRM runs on 2 ms subframes
cross-layer RRM algorithms
Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC) / Hybrid ARQ
Data rate quickly adapted to radio link quality
PHY becomes part of RRM
PHY needs variety of link level information

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HSDPA Optimization
Problem:
HSDPA creates significant additional interference
Dependent on HSDPA power mode
Conventional UMTS capacity and coverage must be considered
Degrees of freedom:
As part of the UMTS capacity and coverage optimization
the following cell parameters may be changed:
antenna type
antenna tilt
antenna azimuth
[pilot power]
Main challenge:
Additionally optimize the HSDPA performance
Specific performance criteria

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HSDPA Optimization Objective

During UMTS capacity and coverage optimization:

Additional constraint before accepting any parameter change:


HSDPA Coverage must not be reduced at any step

HSDPA Coverage:
area percentage with CQI > n,
where n is configurable (corresponding to the target data rate)
applies to Analysis Area and Simulation Area

Channel Quality Indicator (CQI)


derived from Pilot SIR
determines HSDPA data rate available for a user

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HSDPA Power Modes (1)
PCPICH Offset
fixed HSDPA power stock
on top of all common channels

PHSDPA [dBm]

= PPCPICH [dBm] + PCPICHOffset [dB]

Ptx = cell transmit power

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HSDPA Power Modes (2)
Residue
residue power, not used for DCH,
used as dynamic HSDPA power stock;
dependent on DCH load

Residue limited to:

Pmax,cell [dBm]

= Pcell [dBm] Residue [dB]

Ptx = cells transmit power

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HSDPA Power Mode PCPICH Offset
Ptx
Pmax, cell

DCH

HS-PDSCH

CCHs + n HS-SCCH

PCPICH
t
fixed power stock for HSDPA and power priority for HSDPA
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HSDPA Power Mode Residue
Ptx
Pmax, cell
Pthr, HSDPA
HS-PDSCH

DCH

CCHs + n HS-SCCH

PCPICH
t
variable power stock for HSDPA and power priority for Release99 / DCH
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Optimization Capabilities
for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization
with HSDPA

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Conventional Optim. Capabilities/Constraints
Like for Capacity and Coverage Optimization:

Clutter-specific offsets to the RSCP and Ec/Io thresholds


Antenna families
Groups of alternative antennas
Reconfigurable sites
Individual cell constraints

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HSDPA Cell Settings (1)
Activate the HSDPA per cell
HS-PDSCH Power Mode
Select PCPICH Offset or Residue
Configure the power stock size
HS-SCCH
Configure number and power
PHS-SCCH [dBm]
= PPCPICH [dBm] + PCPICHHS-SCCH [dB]

is allocated like other CCHs

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HSDPA Cell Settings (2)
Configure all cells at once in the Cell Settings Overview dialog

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Problem Analysis
for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization
with HSDPA

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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HSDPA Optimization Settings
Enable HSDPA (HSDPA must also be activated in the cells!)

scale the HSDPA load: Activity Factor [0..1]


CQI definition: Min. PCPICH SIR for CQI 1;
e.g. if 8.5dB CQI 1,
then: 9.5dB CQI 2, ... , 37.5dB CQI 30
HSDPA Coverage definition: required Min. CQI
For SIR calculation: Intracell Interference Factor
accounts for limited orthogonality of the
DL signals on the same scrambling code
Target HSDPA Coverage:
Min. HSDPA Covered Area [%]
Min. HSDPA Covered Traffic [%]

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Optimizer Configuration
for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization
with HSDPA

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Run Optimization Wizard: 1st Page
HSDPA specifics: also activate CQI as automatic plot

Next
Wizard
Page

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Run Optimization Wizard: 3rd Page (UMTS)
HSDPA specifics: like in the Analysis Settings

Next
Wizard
Page
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Optimization Process
for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization
with HSDPA refer to: UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Optimization Results Analysis & Reporting
for UMTS Capacity and Coverage Optimization
with HSDPA

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Means for Optimization Result Analysis
Like for Capacity and Coverage Optimization
plus:

Optimization Summary Report


CQI Mean and Coverage (HSDPA)
CQI Distribution (HSDPA)
Automatic Optimization Plots
CQI

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Multi-Layer Optimization

The Capacity and Coverage Optimization can be performed


with cross-layer dependencies as additional constraints
Multi-Layer Optimization Objective

During UMTS or GSM capacity and coverage optimization:

Multi-band or multi-technology antennas as additional constraints:


Shared antenna parameters can only be modified in all network layers
together
In case of locked azimuth relations, the azimuth can only be modified at all
cells and in all network layers together

A change in one Target network layer must not deteriorate the


performance in another Target layer or in any Constraint layer

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Multi-Layer Optimization Scenarios Examples
GSM Multi-Band Optimization
GSM layers with different frequency bands as Target layers, if their
combined coverage shall be considered
GSM layers separated into Target and Constraint layers, where coverage
shall be considered independently

UMTS Multi-Carrier Optimization


UMTS layers with 2 different carrier frequencies separated into Target and
Constraint layers

GSM-UMTS Multi-Technology Optimization


UMTS layers with 1 carrier frequency as Target layers and
GSM layers as Constraint layers (or vice versa)

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Merge Projects (1)
Network data from different sources can be merged in Radioplan, e.g.:
the Planning Tool does not support Multi-Technology Projects
for multi-technology optimization (due to shared antennas)
network data from different locations or spheres of responsibility
across borders of different regions

Proceed as follows:
import each technology-specific project from the planning tool into Radioplan
then, one Radioplan project can be merged as an addition into another
Radioplan project
The Simulation Area of the destination project is used as a spatial filter.

Before merging, in the Radioplan project to be merged as extension:


activate the cells to be merged

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Merge Projects (2)
Example: merge a GSM project into a UMTS project:
open the UMTS project
from the open project,
call Merge Projects...

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Merge Projects (3)

Review:
Network layers
Cells with Shared antenna parameters
must be at the same site
Note: cell item colors
depend on the technology

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Optimization Capabilities
for Multi-Layer Optimization
e.g. UMTS target layer with GSM constraint layer

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Shared Antenna Properties in Site Settings
For antenna installations with locked azimuth relations:
Activate Lock Angle between
Cells during Azimuth
Optimization
Then, the antenna azimuth of any
cell at this site can only be
changed for all cells together
(without changing the azimuth
relations between the cells)

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Shared Antenna Properties in Cell Settings (1)
For multi-band and multi-technology antennas:
Activate Shared
at all affected cells
for the antenna parameters that can
only be changed for all cells together,
which share the configured antenna
at the cells site

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Shared Antenna Properties in Cell Settings (2)
Configure several cells at once in the cross-technology
Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog

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Effectively Shared Parameters
Requirements on the cells:
at the same site
same Position {Offset X; Offset Y; Height over Ground}
Requirements on the cell parameters at the respective cells:
same current value
Reconfigurable
Shared

Non-effective Shared flag settings are indicated in the Message log


during the initialization of the Optimization, e.g.:
WARNING: Cell ABC is mechanical tilt shared but don't have
any mechanical tilt dependencies!

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Problem Analysis
for Multi-Layer Optimization
e.g. UMTS target layer with GSM constraint layer

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Network Layer
Select the Target Network Layer(s):

from drop-down menu

or

by Manage Network Layers


icon and enabling/disabling
the layer(s)

The Constraint Network Layer(s):


will be selected later in the Run Optimization Wizard

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Optimizer Configuration
for Multi-Layer Optimization
e.g. UMTS target layer with GSM constraint layer

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Run Optimization Wizard: 2nd Page
without Constraint Network Layers: just click Next

Activate Consider
Constraints by
Shared Antenna
Parameters

and

Select the Constraint


Layers

Next
Wizard
Page

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Run Optimization Wizard: 4th Page
Additional Page for Constraint Layer Settings, e.g. GSM:
Additional constraints to changes of Shared antenna
parameters in a Target network layer include:
RxLev_DL (or Pilot RSCP) Covered Area and
Covered Traffic
C/I (or Pilot Ec/Io) Covered Area and Covered
Traffic
Check Maximum Users per Cell

Last
Wizard
Page

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Optimization Process
for Multi-Layer Optimization
e.g. UMTS target layer with GSM constraint layer

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Optimization Results Analysis & Reporting
for Multi-Layer Optimization
e.g. UMTS target layer with GSM constraint layer

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Means for Optimization Result Analysis
Like for Capacity and Coverage Optimization,
but:

Optimization Summary Report contains:


overall results
Target layer results
Constraint layer results

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Site Selection Optimization

Add the optimal sites from groups of alternative candidates to


achieve maximum coverage and capacity including optimized
initial cell configurations
Automatically remove sites or cells not required to meet
specified coverage and capacity objectives
Reconfigure cell parameters to maximize coverage and capacity
of the new site configuration
Required Data for Network Optimization
Network setup (sites, cells,
antennas, parameters)
Environment (elevation, clutter;
optional: map)
Predicted pathloss Measurements from Optimization targets
Area definition live network Further constraints
optional: Traffic distribution
optional: Opt. constraints

Planning Data Init. Anal. by Planning Data Network Feedback Results to Validation by
Import & Drive Test Tuning by Optimization Planning Data and Drive Test
Project Review Measurem. or Measurements Live Network Measurem. or
Simulations Simulations
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Site Selection
Several tasks combined in a single optimization algorithm

Site Candidate Groups


(may be different
antenna heights)

Optimize Site Candidates

Remove Redundant Sites

Remove Redundant Cells

Capacity and Coverage

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Site Selection: Remove Redundant Sites/Cells
Problem:
From the network setup with defined removable sites or cells remove
redundant sites or cells

Degrees of freedom:
Removable sites or cells may be switched off
Also the cell parameters may be changed
antenna type, antenna tilt, antenna azimuth [,pilot or cell power]

Main challenge:
Find the least number of sites with optimal cell parameters required to
meet pre-defined coverage and capacity objectives
Consider the load to be carried by the remaining sites
Save time through automated solution

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Site Selection: Site Candidate Groups
Problem:
Add a new fill site from each group of candidates
Evaluate different antenna heights for the same site
Degrees of freedom:
One or more site candidate groups
In each group any single candidate may be selected
In case of Alternative Antenna Heights Only:
groups are automatically detected based on same site positions
Also the cell parameters may be changed
antenna type, antenna tilt, antenna azimuth [,pilot or cell power]
Main challenge:
Find the sites and the initial cell configurations that
maximize capacity and coverage
Interdependencies between groups
Save time through automated solution

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Optimization Capabilities
for Site Selection

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Removable Sites (and Cells)

Rollout Status determines


priority for Remove
Redundant Sites task:
Not Existent site removal
is evaluated at first, then
Planned for Acquisition,
and
Existent at last

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Site Candidate Group

Assign the candidate to a


Site Candidate Group

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Site Parameters
Configure all sites at once in Overview Dialog

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Further Optimization Capabilities/Constraints
Like for Capacity and Coverage Optimization:

Clutter-specific offsets
to the UMTS Pilot RSCP and Ec/Io thresholds
or to the GSM BCCH carrier RxLev_DL and C/I thresholds
Antenna families
Groups of alternative antennas
Reconfigurable sites
Individual cell constraints

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Problem Analysis
for Site Selection

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Problem Analysis for Site Selection
(basically refer to:
Capacity and Coverage Optimization)

Note:
Site or cell removals can never increase
the UMTS Pilot RSCP Coverage or GSM BCCH carrier RxLev_DL
Coverage !

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Optimizer Configuration
for Site Selection

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Run Optimization Wizard: 1st Page
guides through the optimizer configuration example for UMTS target layers

Select Optimizer
Configure
Optimizer
Settings

Select
Automatic Plots and
Plot Options

Next
Wizard
Page

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Optimizer Settings (1-UMTS)
Coverage targets,
constraints:
Target percentage of the
covered area (i.e. pixels)
for RSCP and Ec/Io:
of Analysis area
of Simulation area
of each clutter class area,
if Use Clutter... enabled
If clutter classes are very
much fragmented Merge ...
should be applied.
Coverage objective: Target percentages for the
Coverage in terms of: Area or Traffic or both covered area and the
Max. # optimization runs: 3 recommended covered traffic with respect to
Optimization stops automatically if no site candidate group RSCP and Ec/Io
is changed anymore and if no sites can be removed anymore.
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Optimizer Settings (2-UMTS)
Select the Optimization
Tasks

Further constraints:
Avoid ...: Keep potential coverage gaps small and evenly distributed across the area
Check Cell Load: No change must increase any cells load above its Maximum Output Power.
Check Maximum User per Cell: No change must increase the number of users at any cell above the
threshold defined in each cell.
Show Extended Summary Statistics: Report additional information in the Summary Report
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Optimizer Settings (3-UMTS)
Select reconfigurable cell
parameters
Select optimization range for
a single run
Min. required improvement
for parameter change; low
RPIs for all parameters
recommended
Azimuth separation

see also: Capacity and


Coverage Optimizer Settings

All constraints should be relaxed as much as possible in order to allow the maximum
flexibility for selecting the optimal sites

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Run Optimization Wizard: last Page
Cost Control: optional limitation in addition to inherent cost control by RPI values
Total cost / time effort limit
Consider configured Rollout Status of Sites
if enabled for Site Selection / Remove Redundant
Sites or Cells task: sites with Rollout Status Not
Existent are evaluated at first, then Planned for
Acquisition, and finally Existent
Cost / time effort for each parameter change
Fixed site visit cost / time effort

If disabled, the RPI [%] values in the Optimizer


Settings still consider the costs and benefits of
changes.
Even if disabled:
still useful for reporting the total cost and effort

Starts the
optimization

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Further Run Optimization Wizard Pages
(refer to:
Capacity and Coverage Optimization)

Note:
The optional cost and effort limitation applies only to the cell parameter
changes as part of the site selection tasks.

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Optimization Process
for Site Selection
refer to: Capacity and Coverage Optimization

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Optimization Results Analysis & Reporting
for Site Selection

Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization Optimization


capabilities analysis configuration process incl. results analysis
configuration in the progress indication, and reporting
Radioplan project automatic plots

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Means for Optimization Result Analysis
Like for Capacity and Coverage Optimization
plus:

Results dialog
Cells Active States
Optimization Summary Report
Site Selection Summary
Lists of removed sites and cells

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Traffic Matrix Generation

Create a traffic matrix from cell counters


User is guided through a 3-page wizard
Traffic Requirements for Radioplan Optimization

Prioritize areas for optimization


relative spatial traffic distribution from Traffic Matrices
Check Maximum Users per Cell
absolute traffic values from Traffic Matrices
Check Cell Load (Site Selection only)
absolute traffic values from Traffic Matrices
Consider Cell Dependent RxLev_DL Threshold for Traffic Assignment
(GSM only)
absolute traffic values from Traffic Matrices

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Traffic Matrix Unit in Radioplan
A Traffic Matrix in the Configuration tab always represents
a spatial density: <anything>/km2
Still the Traffic Matrix plot always indicates: Erl/km2
However, the actually effective unit is determined by the
Service Profile, e.g.
Speech, circuit-switched: Erl/km2
Atoll-compatible service profiles: users/km2
any except Atoll-compatible service profiles: simultaneously active users/km2
Generic Service: <anything>/km2

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Project Data in Radioplan (6-a)
UE Profile refers to:
an Equipment Profile
(except HSDPA flag not relevant for optimization)
a Mobility Profile
(not relevant for optimization)
a Service Profile
A Traffic Matrix is only considered if its
Service Profile is referenced by an
active UE Profile.
Network Layer
one specific or
ALL: traffic is shared
out equally among all
layers in the project
Service Portion
for scaling
(other settings not relevant for optimization)

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User Settings Relevant for Optimization

Equipment Profile
Equipment Supports HSDPA
Mobility Profile
no relevant settings
Service Profile
Traffic Model, Uplink and Downlink Maximum Bitrate
Eb/No Initial Target UL and DL
Service Activity settings for each Traffic Model
UE Profile
Service Portion
Equipment Profile, Mobility Profile, Service Profile, Network Layer

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Traffic Matrix Generation

Use live network data (cell counters) as input

Distribute the cell counter traffic values to the cells serving areas
Apply clutter weights
Cell serving areas either based on predictions from planning tool or
based on predictions tuned in Radioplan by drive test measurements
Pilot RSCP cut-off threshold for serving area

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Prerequisite and Start of the Wizard
Before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard:
Select the Network Layer(s)
A Radioplan Service Profile must be defined
as part of the User configuration, which the
generated traffic matrix shall be attached to.
(see also slide Project Data in Radioplan (6-a))
optional: A Surface Plot (Raster Layer)
to be used for traffic weighting must be
generated in advance in the Layers tab.

Then the Wizard can be opened by selecting


Tools Traffic Matrix Generation
from the main menu

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Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard Page 1
Traffic data import
Load a file (*.csv, *.txt, or *.dat)
with the cell names in column 1 and
the traffic values in column 2
or
Paste 2-column data into the grid
Traffic distribution and
Handling of cells without traffic value:
Spread Traffic to active cells only, i.e.
to cells with a traffic value:
cell serving areas are calculated without the cells
that are not listed
Consider missing cells:
serving areas of cells without traffic value are
considered and, thus, will have zero traffic
Check Input Data !
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Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard Page 2
Aerial weighting

by clutter-specific weights
using the Clutter Matrix
(customizable in the corresponding *.ini file)

and/or

by any Radioplan Raster Layer,


which has to be generated in the
Layers tab before starting the Wizard

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Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard Page 3

Define Matrix Resolution


optional: Pilot RSCP cut-off threshold
for cell serving areas
No traffic is spread to areas with a
best pilot RSCP below that value.
optional: Scaling factor
Select Service Profile to which the
generated traffic matrix shall be
attached to
optional: Automatically plot the matrix
after its generation

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