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GENERAL SPECIFICATION

AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL PIPING WELDING

SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev.3

May 2011

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 2 (17)
CONTENTS

1 GENERAL 4
1.1 Scope and field of application 4
1.2 Definitions 4
1.3 Abbreviations 4
1.4 Referenced documents 4

2 PREPARATION FOR WELDING 6


2.1 Edge preparation 6
2.2 Cleaning 6
2.3 Fit-up, alignment and spacing 6
2.4 Hot adjustments 6

3 WELDING 7
3.1 Welding processes and equipment 7
3.2 Filler material and shielding gas 7
3.3 Welding procedure qualification 7
3.4 Welders / welding operators qualification 9
3.5 Weather conditions 10
3.6 Preheating / interpass 10
3.7 Root pass 10
3.8 Weld completion and fillet welds 11
3.9 Postheating 14

4 POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT) 15


4.1 General provisions 15
4.2 General treatment technique 15

5 QUALITY CONTROL OF WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESS


ACTIVITIES 16
5.1 Planning and control of welding and allied process
activities 16
5.2 Examinations 16
5.3 Repair of defects 16
5.4 Welds traceability 16

6 DOCUMENTS 17
6.1 Welding Procedures Specifications and Qualification certificates 17
6.2 Records and other documents 17

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Sheet 3 (17)
ATTACHMENT I

ATTACHMENT II

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Sheet 4 (17)
1 GENERAL

1.1 Scope and field of application

1.1.1 This specification provides the welding requirements for chromium-nickel unstabilized and stabilized
austenitic stainless steel piping.

1.1.2 This specification applies to chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels, as shown in the following
table, which compares European and American Standards (steels according to different standard
[ASTM vs. EN] are indicated in the table on the same row only for weldability purpose, not for
comparisons):

ASTM GRADE / UNS No.


EN DESIGNATION / NUMBER
(materials included in
NOMINAL AISI (materials included in EN 13480-2)
ASME B31.3/B31.1)
COMPOSITION DESIGNATION
ASME EN
UNS NUMBER
P-N Group N

18Cr-8Ni AISI 304 S30400 8.1 X5CrNi18-10 8

18Cr-8Ni AISI 304L S30403 8.1 X2CrNi19-11 8

18Cr-8Ni AISI 304H S30409 8.1 X6CrNi18-10 8

16Cr-12Ni-2Mo AISI 316 S31600 8.1 X5CrNiMo17-12-2 8

16Cr-12Ni-2Mo AISI 316L S31603 8.1 X2CrNiMo17-12-2 8


AISI 316L S31603
---------------- 8.1 ------------------- 8
mod.2,5% Mo mod.2,5% Mo
16Cr-12Ni-2Mo AISI 316H S31609 8.1 ------------------ 8

18Cr-10Ni-Ti AISI 321 S32100 8.1 X6CrNiTi18-10 8

18Cr-10Ni-Ti AISI 321H S32109 8.1 ------------------ 8

18Cr-10Ni-Cb AISI 347 S43700 8.1 X6CrNiNb18-10 8

18Cr-10Ni-Cb AISI 347H S34709 8.1 ------------------ 8

25Cr-20Ni AISI 310 S31000 8.2 X6CrNi25-20 8

1.1.3 Deviation from requirements contained in this specification shall follow Waiver guidelines table
indicated in Attachment I. Waiver is allowed only for paragraph indicated in Attachment I.

1.2 Definitions

1.2.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 1.2.

1.3 Abbreviations

1.3.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 1.3.

1.4 Referenced documents

1.4.1 This specification is to be read together with General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300, which provides
the general requirements for piping welding, irrespective of the material and with General
Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc
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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 5 (17)
Specification SPC.WL.CK.0390 which provides non destructive examinations to be performed on
field, yard or shop welds of piping and tube systems.

1.4.2 For Urea plant, General Specification SPC.WL.ES.365 shall also be applied.

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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 6 (17)

2 PREPARATION FOR WELDING

2.1 Edge preparation

2.1.1 WPS shall clearly report the methods adopted for the edge preparation (machining or grinding), fit-
up (line-up clamps or tack welding) and cleaning (type of solvents) of the pipe edge.

2.1.2 Cutting for edge preparation shall be performed by machining or grinding or by plasma arc with
further light grinding.
For welding class 3 piping other techniques may also be used, such as air carbon-arc cutting,
oxygen cutting with auxiliary powder, in which cases any indentation or irregularities and at least 2
mm of steel shall then be removed by grinding.

2.1.3 The grinding wheel shall be a ceramic bonded low sulphur wheels type, suitable for stainless steel.
The brushes (both manual and mechanical) shall have chromium nickel austenitic stainless steel
wires. Grinding wheels and brushes shall not have been previously used for ferritic steel.

2.2 Cleaning

2.2.1 Immediately before welding, the edges to be welded shall be free of oil, grease, paint, chalk, and
other contaminants. Suitable chloride/sulphur-free solvents shall be used for cleaning and
degreasing.

2.3 Fit-up, alignment and spacing

2.3.1 Fit-up shall be accomplished by suitable line-up clamps, by tack welding or yokes.

2.3.2 Tack welding shall be done using GTAW bridging tacks or austenitic s/s spacer pieces temporarily
welded between the joint faces, done by qualified welders, using the same welding process and filler
metals for the execution of the root pass (see .3.7).
The tack welds shall be further removed by grinding.

2.3.3 Fit-up yokes for pieces to be welded, when used, shall be made from material of chemical analysis
similar to components to be welded.
A purging backing gas (see .3.7) shall be used during yokes fit-up when pipe thickness is less than
7mm.

2.4 Hot adjustments

2.4.1 Spot hot adjustments are in any case allowed.


Hot adjustments are not allowed. In exceptional cases only, this type of adjustment may be
acceptable by Saipem-WES / O-WI.

2.4.2 Should any part be subject by Contractor to hot adjustment without prior written Saipem-WES / O-WI
acceptance, it shall be replaced.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 7 (17)
3 WELDING

3.1 Welding processes and equipment

3.1.1 To avoid accidental arc strikes on piping surface and crater defects, the welding GTAW power units
are required to be always equipped with superimposed high frequency for arc ignition, remote device
for progressive arc extinguishing, pre/post-purge and up-slope/down-slope (or foot pedal) controls.
In any case if defects are visual detected, they shall be removed by grinding (see . 2.1.3).

3.2 Filler material and shielding gas

3.2.1 Filler metals, other than specified in 3.2.1, shall be certified as per General Specification
SPC.WL.ES.0300. Certificate shall include FN value.

3.2.2 The minimum ferrite limits for welding consumables are summarized in the following table:

WELDING CONSUMABLES Fn (min)


308L,316L, 317L 3
347 6

3.2.3 Filler metal for welding: AISI 304H AISI 310 AISI 316H AISI 321H - AISI 347H shall be
certified EN 10204 type 3.1 if design code is EN 13480 or ASME sect. II part. C SFA-5.01 schedule
K if design code is ASME B. 31.1 or ASME B. 31.3 and shall match the following additional chemical
analysis restriction (undiluted weld metal) and Fnvalue:

WELDING Mo Bi P S Fn
C Cr Mn Si
CONSUMABLES (max) (max) (max) (max) (min)
308 H 0,040,06 18,520,5 0,25 (+Nb+Ti) 3
310 2 5 0,50 max 0,02 0,010
316 H 3
347 H 0,002 6
16-8-2 0,040,08 11,3 1 2 0,30 0,60 2

3.2.4 For weldments to be placed in service in PWHTed condition and/or at temperature over 425C,
SMAW and FCAW filler metals shall be selected producing less than 20ppm of bismuth in the
deposited weld metal, regardless of austenitic stainless steel grades.

3.2.5 For the certification (EN 10204 3.1 or SFA 5.01 schedule K) of filler metal specified in 3.2.1 shall
be used the following batch/lot definition, according to ASME sect. II part C SFA-5.01:

PRODUCT WELDING PROCESS LOT CLASSIFICATION


Covered Electrodes SMAW C5
Bare Solid Electrodes and Rods GTAW, SAW S4

3.2.6 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 3.2, . 3.7.2 and . 3.8.1.

3.3 Welding procedure qualification

3.3.1 The welding procedure shall be previously qualified according to the route map specification (see
3.3 of the General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300) or another Code specifically required for the
project.

3.3.2 Should PWHT be required (see chapter 4), the test assemblies for the qualification of the welding
procedures shall be produced with pipe coupons representative of the minimum and maximum wall
thickness to be welded specified in the piping project specifications.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 8 (17)
3.3.3 Additional restrictions to be considered as essential variables for qualifying the WPS (ASME and
EN Code) are reported in the table below:

ACCEPTED WELDING PROCESSES


VARIABLES
SMAW GTAW GMAW FCAW SAW
An increase greater than 20% of heat input or volume of weld metal other than
Heat input
recorded during qualification test.
Interpass An increase of interpass temperature other than recorded during qualification test.
An increase of weld metal deposited thickness for each different welding process
Weld metal
greater than two times (2t) of the deposited thickness recorded (according to the
deposited
applicable codes) during qualification test. (WPQT must clearly states the weld
thickness
metal deposited thickness for each different welding process).
A change of arc metal transfer
mode (like short, spray,
Arc Metal
N.A. pulsating, globular, STT) from N.A.
Transfer Mode
what recorded during
qualification test.
Shielding
A decrease of flow rate other than recorded
Gas flow N.A. N.A.
during qualification test.
rate
Deletion or change in composition of a
backing gas from that stated on the WPQT,
Backing gas N.A. N.A.
unless the root pass is ground back to
sound metal and re-welded.

3.3.4 WPQT, in addition to the code requirements, shall contain the following tests:

REQUIRED TESTS PARAGRAPHS


1 - Hardness test (Vickers HV10 ) As per 3.3.5
2 Ferrite Determinations As per 3.3.6

3.3.5 Vickers hardness HV10 test shall be carried out, only for piping in sour service, on a trasverse
macro section of the test joint. Hardness values detected shall not be greater than 248 HV10
(approximate conversion for Rockwell C scale HRC 22).

Hardness indentations shall be aligned along rows as per typical examples shown in fig. 1a, 1b, 1e
and 1f of EN 1043-1. The hardness indentations rows on butt welds shall be distributed as follows:

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


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SPC.WL.ES.0330

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Sheet 9 (17)
MACRO SECTION ON TEST COUPONS
Type of joint Material NUMBER OF
ASME Definition EN Definition Thickness ROWS

Full penetration single bevel groove butt weld ss nb < 5 mm 1 (1)


5 mm 2 (2)

Full penetration double bevel groove butt weld bs gg All 3 (3)

Notes:
(1) The row shall be located 1,5 mm below the surface (cap side)
(2) The rows shall be located 1,5 mm below the surfaces (cap and root sides)
(3) The rows shall be located 1,5 mm below the surfaces (both sides) and the root zone

On each row, at least three indentations shall be located in WM, in HAZ (both sides) and in BM (both sides).
In the HAZ, the position of the first indentation shall be as close as possible to the fusion line.

3.3.6 Welding procedure qualification shall include a ferrite measurements, that shall be performed on
Weld Metal (Top surface of root and last bead, Section of root and last bead, Mid section of
weldment) using one of the following methods:

- Magnetic instrument by means of appropriate portable equipment previously calibrated and


certified per ANSI/AWS A 4.2 or EN ISO 8249. Prior to use, instrument calibration shall be
verified with IIW secondary weld metal standards (0 -15% ferrite range).

- Chemical analysis of the weld using the WRC-1992 diagram. Chemical analysis method shall
conform to ASTM A751; instrumental test methods shall be validated with wet chemical test
methods ASTM E353.

Ferrite check shall be done before any PWHT; the acceptance criteria shall be as follows:

CONSUMABLES Component to be placed in Component to be placed in


MATERIAL service in as-welded service in PWHTed condition &/or
condition at temperature over 425C
308L,316L, 317L, 3-12FN 3-10FN
308H,316H
347 6-12FN 6-10FN
16-8-2 2-5FN 2-5FN

3.4 Welders / welding operators qualification

3.4.1 Welders / welding operators shall be previously qualified according to the route map specification
(see 3.3 of the General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300).

3.4.2 Additional requirements to ASME/EN codes for welder/welding operator qualifications are reported
in the table below:

PROCESS REQUIREMENTS

Qualification require bend testing (qualification by RT isnt allowed)


GMAW (131/135) Qualification shall be done using the arc metal transfer mode (like short
arc, spray arc, pulsating arc, globular arc, STT) to be used for production
welds.

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SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 10 (17)

For weld joint considered complicated [for example: Y joint, special branch
ALL connections, etc.] by Saipem-WES / O-WI, qualification shall be done on a
welding joints with the same groove/configuration of the production ones.
3.5 Weather conditions

3.5.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 3.5.

3.6 Preheating / interpass

3.6.1 As rule, preheat is not required, unless the ambient temperature is lower than 0C, preheating to
about 50C shall be made, taking care to avoid overheating, even if local.

3.6.2 During welding the interpass temperature shall not exceed 175C.

3.7 Root pass

3.7.1 For butt joints without back welding and for branch connections, the root pass shall be performed
with the processes and filler materials listed in the table below.

3.7.2 In the following tables are indicated, as a guide, the classifications (according to AWS/SFA and EN
specifications) of the welding consumables and at . 3.7.3 composition of gases to be used.
WELDING CLASS

WELDING AUSTENITIC WELDING CONSUMABLES


PROCESSES(3) STAINLESS STEELS
EN 13480-2

AWS EN Nominal
Groups
P No.

ASME 4063 Composition SFA/AWS EN


& AISI 5.9
Designation

All GTAW 141 18Cr-8Ni 8 8.1 ER 308L (4) EN 12072 - W 19 9 L (4)


AISI 304/304L
3 GMAW- 135
(1) (2)
STT
All GTAW 141 18Cr-8Ni 8 8.1 ER 308H (5) EN 12072 - W 19 9 H
(5)
AISI 304H
(4)
All GTAW 141 16Cr-12Ni-2Mo 8 8.1 ER 316L EN 12072 - W 19 12 3
AISI 316/316L L (4)
3 GMAW- 135
(1) (2)
STT
All GTAW 141 AISI 316L 8 8.1 ER 317L EN 12072 - W 19 13 4
mod. 2,5% Mo L
3 GMAW- 135
(1) (2)
STT
All GTAW 141 16Cr-12Ni-2Mo 8 8.1 ER 316H (5) EN 12072 - W 19 12 3
AISI 316H H (5)
All GTAW 141 18Cr-10Ni-Ti 8 8.1 ER 347 EN 12072 - W 19 9 Nb
AISI 321
3 GMAW- 135
(1) (2) 18Cr-10Ni-Cb
STT
AISI 347
All GTAW 141 18Cr-10Ni-Ti 8 8.1 ER 347 (5) (6) EN 12072 - W 19 9 Nb
(5)
AISI 321H
18Cr-10Ni-Cb
AISI 347H

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SPC.WL.ES.0330

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Sheet 11 (17)
All GTAW 141 25Cr-20Ni 8 8.2 ER 310 EN 12072 W 25 20
AISI 310
Notes:
(1) The process is allowed provided it will be used with rotating pipe technique.
(2) Process not allowed for root-pass on branch connections and on pipe diameters of NPS 4 or less.
(3) Automatic/Mechanized Orbital Welding system may be used after Saipem-WES / O-WI acceptance.
(4) When used for welding NON-Low carbon grades base metals, production filler metal shall be purchased and supplied
with a certification of the actual mechanical properties according to the schedule K of ASME BPVC Sec.II Part.C SFA-
5.01; meeting the following restriction: minimum Rp0,2 350 Mpa - Rm 550 Mpa.
(5) Filler metal shall match at least the mechanical properties (indicated in the applicable design codes) at ambient and
design temperature of base material to be welded.
(6) For design temperature over 500C, Contractor has to ask to Saipem Materials, Corrosion & Welding Engineering
Function for a suitable filler metal selection.

3.7.3 A purging backing gas flow shall be ensured from the root pass up to the completion of the third
pass (or 7mm).

Parameters
Material Welding Process Shielding gas (1) Backing gas (2)

Austenitic Stainless steel GTAW Argon; Argon;


(except stabilised) Helium; Argon+Helium;
Argon+ 5%H2; Argon+ 5%H2
Nitrogen+ 10%H2;
Argon+ 5% N2
H2+ 90%N2 (3)
GMAW-STT Argon+2,5%CO2 (max) Argon
Stabilised Austenitic GTAW Argon; Argon;
Stainless steel Helium; Argon+Helium;
Argon+ 5%H2 Argon+ 5%H2
GMAW-STT Argon+2,5%CO2 (max) Argon
Notes:
(1) Shielding and/or backing gas mixture/percentage other than those listed may be proposed to Saipem Materials,
Corrosion & Welding Engineering Function for acceptance, providing the achieved experience is properly
documented and WPQT are performed with the same shielding and/or backing gas mixture/percentage.
(2) Backing gas shall be monitored up to the completion of the third pass (or 7mm) by a calibrated oxygen analizer;
oxygen level shall be kept lower than 500ppm [0,6 mg/l].
(3) Only for 18Cr-8Ni (AISI 304/304L) weld joints.

3.7.4 Where back welding is performed, the root pass and back welding shall be carried out with a
process allowed for the weld completion (as per . 3.8).
Before performing the back welding, a grinding (with ceramic bonded low sulphur wheels) or gouging
shall be executed up to sound metal and the excavation shall be checked with dye penetrants.

3.8 Weld completion and fillet welds

3.8.1 The completion of butt welds and the execution of other types of welded joints shall be performed
with the welding processes, filler materials and at . 3.8.2 composition of gases listed here below:

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Sheet 12 (17)

WELDING AUSTENITIC STAINLESS


WELDING CONSUMABLES
PROCESSES STEELS
WELDING
CLASS

Nominal

EN13480-2
Groups
AWS EN Composition SFA/AWS

P No.
ASME 4063 & AISI 5.4 (SMAW) EN
Designation 5.9 (SAW)

(4) (5)
SMAW 111 E 308L -XX EN 1600 E 19 9 L(4) B x 2
EN 1600 E 19 9 L(4) R x 2
All 18Cr-8Ni 4 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 304/304L ER 308L(4) EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
S 19 9 L(4) SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
(6)
SMAW 111 E 308H -15 EN 1600 E 19 9 H(6) B x 2
(3)(6)
E 16 8 2 -15
All 18Cr-8Ni 4 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 304H ER 308H(6) EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
ER 16 8 2(3)(6) S 19 9 H(6) SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
(4) (5)
SMAW 111 E 316L -XX EN 1600 E 19 12 3 L(4) B x 2
EN 1600 E 19 12 3 L(4) R x 2
All 16Cr-12Ni-2Mo 8 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 316/316L ER 316L(4) EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
S 19 12 3L(4) SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
(5)
SMAW 111 E 317L-XX EN 1600 E 19 13 4 N L B x 2
EN 1600 E 19 12 3 N L R x 2
All AISI 316L mod. 8 8.1
SAW 121 2,5% Mo ER 317L EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
S 19 13 4L SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
SMAW 111 E 316H(6)-15 EN 1600 E 19 12 3 H(6) B x 2
E 16 8 2(3)(6)-15
All 16Cr-12Ni-2Mo 8 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 316H ER 316H(6) EN 12072 EN 760
(1) (9)
ER 16 8 2(3)(6) S 19 12 3H(6) SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
(5)
SMAW 111 E 347-XX EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb B x 2
EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb R x 2
All 18Cr-10Ni-Ti 8 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 321 ER 347 EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
S 19 9 Nb SA FB 2 DC
SMAW 111 E 347(6)-15 EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb(6) B x 2
E 16 8 2(3) (6)-15 EN 1600 E 19 12 3 H(6) B x 2
All 18Cr-10Ni-Ti 8 8.1 316H(6)-15
SAW 121 AISI 321H
(1) (10)
ER 347(6) EN 12072 EN 760
ER 16 8 2(3) (6) S 19 9 Nb(6) SA FB 2 DC
S 19 12 3H(6) SA AF 2 DC
(5)
SMAW 111 E 347-XX EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb B x 2
EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb R x 2
All 18Cr-10Ni-Cb 8 8.1
SAW 121 AISI 347 ER 347 EN 12072 EN 760

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Sheet 13 (17)
(1)
S 19 9 Nb SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC
SMAW 111 E 347(6)-15 EN 1600 E 19 9 3 Nb(6) B x 2
E 16 8 2(3) (6)-15 EN 1600 E 19 12 3 H(6) B x 2
18Cr-10Ni-Cb 8 8.1 316H(6)-15
All AISI 347H
SAW 121 (10)
ER 347 (6) EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
ER 16 8 2(3) (6) S 19 9 Nb SA FB 2 DC
S 19 12 3H(6) SA AF 2 DC
SMAW 111 E 310-15 EN 1600 E 25 20 B x 2
25Cr-20Ni
All SAW AISI 310 8 8.2 ER 310 EN 12072 EN 760
(1)
121 S 25 20 SA FB 2 DC
SA AF 2 DC

8.1; 8.2
All nominal
See table .
All 141 Composition 8 See table . 3.7.1 and 3.7.2
GTAW 3.7.1 and 3.7.2
and Grades
All nominal
8.1;

See table .
8.2

GMAW 131/13 Composition See table . 3.7.1 and 3.7.2


3 (2) (7) 3.7.1 and 3.7.2
5 and Grades 8
AISI 304/304L E 308L(4)T0-4 EN 12073 T19 9L(4) RM3
8.1

3 FCAW 136 AISI 316/316L 8 E 316L(4)T0-4 EN 12073 T19 12 3L(4) RM3


(8)

AISI 321/347 E 347T0-4 EN 12073 T 19 9 Nb R M 3


Notes:
(1) With agglomerated neutral flux; welding process allowed only for flat/horizontal positions.
(2) With spray/pulsed arc mode of metal transfer and rotating pipe technique.
(3) When this filler metal is chosen the first/last (three pass) or 7mm of deposited weld metal in contact with the process
fluid shall be welded with consumables matching the nominal base material chemistry.
(4) When used for welding NON-Low carbon grades base metals, production filler metal shall be purchased and supplied
with a certification of the actual mechanical properties according to the schedule K of ASME BPVC Sec.II Part.C SFA-
5.01; meeting the following restriction: minimum Rp0,2 350 Mpa- Rm 550 Mpa.
(5) Suffix XX for usability designation may be - 15, -16, -17.
(6) Filler metal shall match at least the mechanical properties (indicated in the applicable design codes) at ambient and
design temperature of base material to be welded.
(7) Process not allowed for fill and capping pass on branch connections and on pipe with nominal diameters of NPS 4 or
less.
(8) The process is allowed provided it will be used with rotating pipe technique and component thickness is greater than
15mm.
(9) If one of the following conditions exist:
A) Max design temperature > 450C and THK > 25,4 mm;
B) Welds subject to Stabilising heat treatment
preferred filler metal for weld completion is 16-8-2 (note 3 always to be followed)
(10) If one of the following conditions exist:
A) Max design temperature > 500C and THK > 25,4 mm;
B) Welds subject to Solution Annealing heat treatment
preferred filler metal for weld completion is 16-8-2 (note 3 always to be followed)

3.8.2 A purging backing gas flow shall be ensured at least up the completion of the third pass (or 7mm).

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 14 (17)

Parameters
Base metals Welding Shielding gas (1) Backing gas (1)
Process
Argon/(13%)O2
GMAW Argon+(2,5%)CO2(max) Argon;
All Austenitic Stainless
(90%)Argon/(7,5%)Helium/CO2 Argon+Helium;
steel
Argon+25%CO2(max) Argon+ 5%H2
FCAW
CO2 (2)
Notes:
(1) Shielding and/or backing gas mixture/percentage other than those listed may be proposed to Saipem Materials,
Corrosion & Welding Engineering Function for acceptance, providing the achieved experience is properly
documented and WPQT are performed with the same shielding and/or backing gas mixture/percentage.
(2) Pure CO2 is not allowed for welding NON-Low carbon grades base metals.

3.8.3 The volume and the width of each pass shall be limited, using low current, short arc lenghts and
stringer bead technique whenever possible. Individual weld beads shall be thoroughly cleaned to
eliminate possible slag entrapment and lack of fusion.

3.8.4 Electrode of 4 mm dia size (> 4mm never allowed) may be allowed only for pipe wall thickness
greater than 15 mm; otherwise, maximum electrode dia size shall be 3.2mm.

3.8.5 When SMAW process is used, weawing shall be limited at not more than three times the electrode
size.

3.8.6 Special attention shall be given for crater defects which shall be removed by grinding; welding slag,
welding oxides, spatter, etc., shall be completely removed after each pass by mechanical cleaning
(e.g. grinding or careful brushing).

3.8.7 A post-weld mechanical cleaning shall be done considering as follows:

- Removal of welding defects by grinding.

- Removal of material affected by high temperature and, if possible, removal of iron impurities.
The surface must not become unacceptable rough.

- Removal of organic contaminants.

3.9 Postheating

3.9.1 Not applicable.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 15 (17)
4 POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)

4.1 General provisions

4.1.1 As a rule, no PWHT shall be performed unless required by the Project documents or by Licensor.
If required, PWHT should be:

- Solution annealing for unstabilized austenitic stainless steels: recommended temperature,


holding time and cooling method (water quench, air cooling, ecc) shall be verified with
base metal certificate and filler metal manufacturer reccomandations.

- Stabilization for stabilized stainless steel (AISI 321/321H AISI 347/347H): recommended
temperature, and holding time shall be verified with base metal certificate and filler metal
manufacturer reccomandations. As a general rule:

AISI 321/321H [ 850C900C] * 2 hours minimum

AISI 347/347H [ 900C950C] * 2 hours minimum

Contractor shall submit a written procedure for acceptance or rejection to Saipem Materials,
Corrosion & Welding Engineering Function.

4.2 General treatment technique

4.2.1 Due the relatively low thermal conductivity of austenitic stainless steel and the heavy wall thickness
usually involved in piping installations, it is recommended to attach thermocouples also inside the
pipe of the qualification test assemblies (see . 3.3.2) for monitoring the temperature range near the
root and allowing, at the same time, to measure the actual difference between the highest and
lowest values through the thickness.

4.2.2 More extended heated bands above the minimum width, calculated as indicated in 4.2 of General
Specification SPC.WL.ES.300, migth be necessary to reach the required temperature in all the
portion of the joint and to maintain the difference in the values within the tolerances permitted by the
applicable Codes.

4.2.3 Taking account of the high temperature to be reached, the extension of heated band, the high mean
coefficients of thermal expansion and linear thermal expansion, every possible precaution shall be
taken to minimize the restraint conditions in the piping spool to be heat treated.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 16 (17)
5 QUALITY CONTROL OF WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESS ACTIVITIES

5.1 Planning and control of welding and allied process activities

5.1.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 5.1.

5.2 Examinations

5.2.1 Non destructive examinations (methods and extent) shall be carried out according to the provisions
of General Specification SPC.WL.CK.390 or applicable job welding specifications and/or other
documentation specified for the project.

5.2.2 Visual examination of internal weld surface shall be carried out checking weldments discoloration
and using as a reference AWS D18.2: only weldments made using less than 500 ppm oxygen (equal
to No. 6) in the backing gas are accepted.
Otherwise, Saipem-WES / O-WI has the unquestionable authority to ask final acid treatment, i.e.
passivation/decontamination, followed by a thorough rinsing with fresh and high-pressure water jet.
The above final acid treatment shall be carried out by a qualified Company.

5.2.3 Production hardness test is required. Test extension, location, acceptance criteria and acceptable
test method are specified on General Specification SPC.WL.CK.390 7.

5.2.4 Production ferrite test is required. Test extension, location, acceptance criteria and acceptable test
method are specified on General Specification SPC.WL.CK.390 8.

5.3 Repair of defects

5.3.1 Repair of defects shall be done considering General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 5.3 and the
restrictions as per . 2.1.2.

5.4 Welds traceability

5.4.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 5.4.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 17 (17)
6 DOCUMENTS

6.1 Welding Procedures Specifications and Qualification certificates

6.1.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 5.3.

6.2 Records and other documents

6.2.1 See General Specification SPC.WL.ES.300 5.4.

Revision Memorandum

Jan 1993 Rev. 02.


May 2011 Rev. 03. General revision

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 1 (1)

ATTACHMENT I

WAIVER GUIDELINES TABLE

Action to be done by: Action to be done by: Action to be done by:


CONTRACTOR Saipem WES / O-WI Saipem Materials,
Para.
Corrosion & Welding
Engineering Function
Review of issued WPS and
Issue WPS (togheter with indication of
2.4.1 prepare written notification of
lines where Contractor want to apply it)
acceptance or rejection
Issue a written request, including:
Reference list of previous projects where
3.7.2, Rewiev of issued request and
filler metals were used and tested during
Table, prepare written notification of
qualification;
note (3) acceptance or rejection.
Filler metal mill test certificates (for wires
and fluxes).
Issue a written request, including:
3.7.3,
Reference list of previous projects where Review of issued
Table,
shielding and/or backing gases were request and prepare
note (1)
used and tested during qualification; written notification of
WPQT where shielding and/or backing acceptance or rejection
gases were tested.
Issue a written request, including:
Reference list of previous projects where Review of issued
3.8.2,
shielding and/or backing gases were request and prepare
Table,
used and tested during qualification; written notification of
note (1)
WPQT where shielding and/or backing acceptance or rejection
gases were tested.
Review of issued
4.1.1 proposal and prepare
Issue a written procedure
written notification of
acceptance or rejection
Note: Time needed by Saipem WES / O-WI or Saipem Materials, Corrosion & Welding Engineering Function to review
Contractor waiver proposal, cannot be claimed by Contractor as delay time on fabbrication schedule.

Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc


This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.
SPC.WL.ES.0330

Rev. 03 Date May 2011

Sheet 1 (1)
ATTACHMENT II

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL SERVICES

II-1 CRYOGENIC SERVICE (-101C MDMT -196C)


The following additional requirements shall be applied for AISI 304L and AISI 316L base material
only.
II-1A Filler metal

- Filler metal for CRYOGENIC SERVICE shall be certified EN 10204 type 3.1 if design code is EN
13480 or ASME sect. II part. C SFA-5.01 schedule K if design code is ASME B. 31.1 or ASME B.
31.3 and shall match the following additional requirements:

WELDING MOLYBDENUM FN
IMPACT STRENGTH
CONSUMABLES

308 L Welding consumables shall have at the


MDMT (or at colder temperature) a
25
316 L 2,0 2,5 certified lateral expansion opposite the
notch not less than 0,38 mm (1)
Note:
(1) Production filler metal shall be purchased and supplied with a certification of the actual impact properties (lateral
expansion opposite the notch not less than 0,38 mm) at the MDMT (or a colder temperature) according to the
schedule K of ASME BPVC Sec.II Part.C SFA-5.01.

- NON-Low carbon filler metals are not accepted.


II-2A Qualification record:
WPQT, in addition to the code requirements, shall contain the following tests and additional
restrictions to be considered as essential variables for qualifying the WPS (ASME and EN Code):

1. Impact test

- Conditions of testing and acceptance criteria shall be as follow:

POSITION IMPACT STRENGTH TESTING TEMPERATURE


Each of the three specimens tested in each set
MDMT (or at colder
WM / HAZ shall have a lateral expansion opposite the
temperature)
notch not less than 0,38 mm.

- Filler metal, brand name and type, used in WPQT, shall be the same of the ones used for actual
production welding.

2. Ferrite Determinations

- Welding procedure qualification shall include ferrite measurements that shall be performed on
Weld Metal (Top surface of root and last bead, Section of root and last bead, mid section of
weldment) using one of the methods as per . 3.3.6.

- Ferrite check shall be done before any PWHT; the acceptance criteria shall be as follows:
MATERIAL Ferrite
308L,316L 2-5 FN

II-3A Test of production weld joint

- Production ferrite test is required. Test extension, location, acceptance criteria and acceptable
test method are specified on General Specification SPC.WL.CK.390 8.
Form code : MDT.GG.QUA.0505 Sh. 01/Rev. 1.94 Data file:spc_wl_es_0330_r03_e_f.doc
This document is the property of Saipem S.p.A. who will safeguard its rights according to the civil and penal provision of the law.