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(b) Residual Volume (RV)

(c) Inspiratory Reserve Volume (IRV)

(d) Expiratory Capacity (EC).

16. Name the important parts involved in creating pressure gradient between lungs and atmosphere

during normal respiration.

17. For completion of respiration process, write the given steps in sequential manner.

(a) Diffusion of gases (O 2 and CO 2 ) across alveolar membrane.

(b)Transport of gases by blood.

(c) Utilization of O 2 by the cells for catabolic reactions and result

(d) Pulmonary ventilation by which atmospheric air is drawn in and CO 2 rich alveolar air is released


18. Following is the table showing partial pressure (in mm Hg) of oxygen and carbon dioxide at

different parts involved in diffusion in comparison to those in atmosphere. Fill in the blanks-a, b, c

and d.

Respiratory Atmospheric Alveoli Blood Blood Tissues

Gas Air Deoxygenated) (Oxygenated)

O2 C 104 a 95 40

CO 2 0.3 B 45 40 d

19. Name the organs of respiration in the following organisms.

a) Flatworms b) Birds c) Frog d) Cockroach

20. What happens to the respiratory process in man going up a hill?

21. State four characteristics of an efficient respiratory surface

22. What is the difference between carbamino-haemoglobin and oxy-haemoglobin.