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1) amusing 1) quick
1) excited 2) boring 2) slow
2) surprised 3) interested 3) interestingly
3) interesting 4) confusing 4) wonderfully
4) tiring 5) bored 5) easy
5) surprised 6) amused 6) perfect
6) bored 7) confused 7) well
7) exciting 8) surprising 8) quietly
8) boring 9) surprised

1. At school we do lots of pair work. So, we are used/get used to working in groups.
2. My father used to have everything done for him. But now he himself has to do most of the things.
3. In the past people used to think that the Earth was flat.
4. When the Industrial Revolution started people used to work long hours.
5. Starting a first job can be difficult if you are not used to getting up early.
6. Im sure it wont be difficult for you to get used to getting up early.
7. I m used to staying in bed till late in the morning on Sunday.
8. When she arrived in Britain she wasnt used to driving on the left, but she soon got used to it.
9. I didnt use to have milk for breakfast. I only had coffee.
10. When I was a child I didnt use to go to the beach.
11. I didnt use to go out alone until I was 18.

When I was a child I used to go to the church every Sunday.
Before school started we used to walk along the river.
We are used to travelling around the country on the holidays.
The Richardsons never used to fly on business before.
I will never get used to cooking my own meals at home.
At weekends we are not used to getting up before eight oclock.
Didnt Susan use to work part time before?
Susan doesnt mind doing night shifts. She is used to going to bed late.
I suppose it will be difficult for her to get used to working overtime.
Tourists in the UK find it difficult to drive. They are not used to driving on the left.
When I worked abroad, I used to phone home every week.
I am not used to getting up early at weekends


the bigger a car is, the more petrol it uses
the younger you are, the happier
the more sport you do, the fitter youll be
the more expensive a product is, the more quality it has
the bigger, the better
the more languages you speak, the easier finding a job will be.

My brother is getting fatter and fatter.
Supermarkets are more and more expensive.
My son is studying harder and harder.
My daughter has a new boyfriend and shes studying less and less.
My computer is working more and more slowly o my computer is slower and slower.
Cars are faster and faster.
My grandmother is looking younger and younger.
Summers are hotter and hotter and winters, colder and colder.
Flying is getting cheaper and cheaper.
My English classes are getting more and more interesting


1.Despite having a good salary, they cant make ends meet OR Despite the fact that they
have a good salary, they cant make ends meet.
2. In spite of having so much money, they arent happy OR In spite of the fact that they have
so mucho money, they arent happy.
3. Despiste studying hard, he/she failed his/her English exam.
4. In spite of the fact that he/she wasnt feeling well, he/ she went to school.
5. Despite the fact that he isnt a good teacher, his students like him.


- I also like studying French __another________ person
- My friend is also 34 ___other_________ books
- Its also quite expensive ___another_______ bag
- My brother also likes them ___another________ 3 cokes
- Peter also went to the beach There is no ____other_____ way = This one is
- I can also speak German. different, way is singular, but no + other +
- He also plays the guitar. singular/plural
- Ive also been to San Francisco. The ____other________ students
The ____other________ child
____another________ opportunity
I have three bags. One is here, where are
the ____others___?
I have 20 students. Twelve students love English.
The ___others___ hate it.


1. In Spain its not as cold as in the UK. 1. Can you do me a favour?
2. My brother looks like my father. 2. Ive already made my bed.
3. These shoes are like yours. 3. My grandma likes making her own bread.
4. As she was having a shower, he was cooking 4. I have to do the shopping.
dinner. 5. Ill do my best, but I cant promise you.
5. My father works as an electrician. 6. Making mistakes is positive for your learning.
6. My computer is not like yours, its older. 7. It took us 5 hours to make the journey.
7. As you know, I dont like going to the cinema. 8. I have to make a decision as soon as possible.
8. The children are arguing, as usual. 9. I couldnt talk to him because he was making a
9. As I was having a shower, the phone rang phone call.
twice. 10. Do you mind doing the washing-up?
10. It smells like paint. 11. Dont make an excuse.

KEYS 12 EXERCISE 1Since 2 for 3since 4 for 5since 6for
1Since 2since 3for 4since 5for 7since 8for 9for 10since 11 since
6 since 7 since 8 since 9 for 10 since 12since 13since 14 for 15since 16since
17ince 18since 19 for 20 since


Where are you going? 1) whether or not
Hang on a minute, Im coming. 2) if
Im going to London with some friends. 3) whether
Im coming to yours for a coffee. 4) whether
Are you coming to the familiy gathering? Of course Im coming. 5) if
I like going to the cinema once a week. 6) whether
I dont think Martin is coming to the party. 7) if / whether
Can you come? Sure, Im coming. 8) whether (or not)
Coming to yours is always a pleasure. 9) if / whether
Where do yo come from? OR where are you from? 10) whether


1-Whether or not 6-Whether 1-Its likely to snow tomorrow OR itll probably snow
2-If 7- If tomorrow
3-Whether 8-Whether or not 2-Im likely to fail my exam OR Ill probably fail my exam
4-Whether 9-If 3-Im likely to go out with my friends tonight OR Ill
5-If 10-Whether probably go out
4-Im likely to get a new job OR Ill probably get a new job
5-Im likely to go to the dentist OR Ill probably go to the
1. Can you tell me your surname? 6-There is likely to be a lot of traffic tomorrow OR there will
2. How would you say vaca in probably be a lot of traffic tomorrow
English? 7-There is likely to be a strike on education OR there will
3. tell me the truth. probably be a strike
4. He said (that) he wouldnt go to the 8-There are likely to be a lot of candidates for the job OR
party. There will probably be
5. I said no!
6.Tell him/her what your name is.
7. my friend said hello. KEYS 19EXERCISE
8. the student said a whole sentence. 1 such 2 so 3 so 4 such 5 so 6 such
7 so 8 such 9 so 10 such

1 What 2 Which 3 What Julian's room / the lamp of his sitting room/ her friend's car
4 Which 5 What the dog's bone / the number of my seat / a glass of water
7 so 8 such 9 so my friend's party / the door of the room / a bottle of milk
10 such the manager's office

2 The childrens hamsters are behind the bookcase / 3 Peters sisters names are Sarah and
Nicky / 4 My cousins surname is Parker / 5 My pet cats name is Dolly. 6 Jess brothers
are at university / 7 James beautiful girlfriend comes from Spain
1. the door of my house 1 Im buying paint to/ in order to/ so as to paint my hall
2. Harrys burger door.
3. Peters sisters 2 He left his rifle outside in order not to/ so as not to
4. The girls ball frighten his wife.
5. Your grandmothers juice 3 I wore boots in order not to / so as not to get my feet
6. My childrens toys wet.
7. My cousins house is very big 4 Dont let him play with scissors in case he cuts himself/
so that he cant cut himself.
5 Ill post the card today so that it will be there on
KEYS 26EXERCISE Billys birthday.
6 Ill take off my shoes in order not to/ so as not to make
1. My birthday is in February. any noise.
2. Pauls birthday is on 8th May 7 Im saving up to/ in order to/ so as to buy a helicopter.
3. Ill see you on Saturday 8 I said it at the top of my voice so that everybody could
4. Are you learning French? hear it.
5. My cousins husband is 9 Aeroplanes carry parachutes so that the crew can
German and his mother Irish. escape in case of fire.

1) How long is it since you last saw Kelly?
2) How long have you been studying English?
3) How long do you think couples should know each other before they get married?
4) How long does it take to learn English?
5) How long have you been teaching Math?
6) How long have you been married?
7) How long does it take you to get to work?
8)How long does it take your son to walk to school?
9) How long have you lived at your current address?
10) How long have you lived in this city?
11) How long have you worked in your current job?
12) How long does it take you to make a cake?

The teacher showed her/his students the exams OR the teacher showed the exams to her/his
Im teaching you English OR Im teaching English to you.
Lend me some money OR lend some money to me.
I gave my sister a pair of shoes OR I gave a pair of shoes to my sister.
Mary brought the children some sweets OR Mary brought some sweets to the chidren.

The teacher showed them to her/his students. / Im teaching it to you. / Lend it to me, please.
I gave them to my sister. / Mary brought them to the children.
1.(whose), 2.(which), 3.(that), 4.(why), 5.(What), 6.(where), 7.(who), 8.(which), 9.(what), 10.(that),
11.(whose), 12.(Which), 13.(Where), 14.(who)


1. What did you watch on TV last 1 When did Queen Elizabeth I become queen of England?
night? 2 Who became queen of England in 1558?
2. Where does Mike go on Tuesdays? 3 Who was Adams first wife?
3. Who painted The Mona Lisa? 4 Who sentenced Socrates to death in 399 BC.
4. How many goals did he score? 5 Who taught Alexander the Great?
5. What happened at the end of the 6 Who did Aristotle teach?
film? 7 Where were Apollo and Artemis born, according to legend?
6. What team won the 8 What did Gema see?
championship? 9 Who saw the fox cub?
10 Who broke the video?

What are you looking at? Who was that book written by?
Who are you angry with? What are you looking for?
What music do you like listening to?
What are you fed up with? Who are you writing to?
Who are you waiting for? Where are you from?
Who did you talk to?
What did you speak about? Who does this stuff belong to?
Who are you looking after? What did you spend all your money on?
What are you afraid of?
What sort of studies are you interested in?
What are you worried about?
What are you talking about?
Who are you angry with?

1by 2by 3in 4on 5by 6 on KEYS 36 EXERCISE
in on at in in at in at at on at at in in in in


On in at at on in in in at in in in on
1- Who wrote Harry Potter? in on at in in at in on in at
2- Where do panda bears come from?
3- Where did Princess Diana die? KEYS 38 EXERCISE
4- Which country won the 2010 World Cup? still already yet just already
5- Who invented the telephone? still yet still already just
6- Who directed the Lord of the Rings?
7- When did the Second World War end? KEYS 39 EXERCISE
8- Where do penguins live? Since since for since for
9- Which actor plays Torrente? since since since for since
10- How many states belong to the United States?
11- Who did Nicole Kidman marry in 2006? KEYS 40 EXERCISE
12- When did Barack Obama become president Since for since for since for since
of the United States for the first time? for for since since since since for since
since since since for since
1 has gone2 have been3 have gone4 have, been 1) 1 espacio 2) 2 espacio 3) 1 espacio
5 has gone6 has been7 has gone8 have gone 4) 1 espacio 5) 2 espacio


1. much/a lot of 1. Any 1. a few
2. many 2. some 2. a little
3. a lot of 3. some/any 3. a few
4. many/a lot of 4. any 4. few
5. many 5. some/some/any 5. a little
6. many/a lot of - many/a lot of 6. a few
7. much / a lot of - a lot 7. little
8. many/a lot of


1. All there arent any plants in my garden. 1 is meeting 2 will snow
2. most / all do you have any shoes for the wedding? 3will visit
3. most of / all there is some rice in the cupboard. 4are you leaving
4. most of do you have a car? 5 will win 6 will not fail
5. most would you like some more? 7 am visiting 8 will bite
6. all are there any peas in the fridge? 9 are coming
do you have any brothers or sisters? 10 is going to rain
buy some bread

1. A What is Mary doing? B I think shes reading a book in her bedroom.
2. A What does your cousin do? B Hes a plumber
3. A What do you do? B Im a teacher
4. A.What are the children doing? B I cant hear them.
5. A What are you doing, mum? B. Im cooking, honey.


1 would 2 used to 3 would 4 used to 5 would 1working 2smoking 3 to study 4 to take
6 would 7 used to 8 would 9 used to 10 would 5 eating 6 working 7 meeting 8 cooking
9 to learn

1. my car needs servicing OR My car needs to be
2. our house needs painting OR our house needs to be painted.
3. the garden needs cleaning OR the garden needs to be cleaned.
4. the sheets need changing OR the sheets need to be changed.
5. the washing up needs doing OR the washing up needs to be done.

Swimming is good for your back. Living in a city is stressful.
Doing sport is something doctors always recommend.
Watching TV till late is not advisable if you want to get up early.
Going on a diet is not easy. Listening to music is my favourite pastime.
Considering all the arguments was important.
B) locking C) to post D) to tell He stopped to ask for help
E) studying F) telling She stopped speaking to her friend
They stopped reading to listen to the radio
My father wanted to stop working
KEYS 56 EXERCISE Shes so skinny/thin; she never stops to eat
(could) (should) (can't) She is very thin. She never stops to eat
(should) (mustn't) (Can) Its stopped raining. Lets go for a walk
(have to) (have to) (cant) Weve stopped using plastic bags in supermarkets
(be able) (can't) (could) (must) I stopped to have a beer
I have stopped drinking coffee

KEYS 57 EXERCISE 1. cant2. ll (will) be able to3. ll (will) be able to4. could
May may might might 5. can6. can7. can8. could9. ll (will) be able to
may not might not 10. ll (will) be able to11. cant12. couldnt


I want my daughter to learn English
I dont want you to arrive home late to catch smoking to pass staying not living to fix
Do you want to listen to music with me? to buy playing studying to cook packing going
I dont want you to wait for me watch making to buy smoke
John wants to learn a second language.

Could had going hadnt told could to tell not studying was/were buying hadnt bought

1. If it rains, we wont go to the cinema.
2. If I played the lottery, I would win as Im a lucky person.
3. If I had used the satnav, we wouldnt have got lost. KEYS 62 EXERCISE
4. Would you go to the mountain if it snowed a lot? ABCAABCCCC
5. If you phone me, Ill explain it all to you. AAA
6. If I were you, I wouldnt attend that job interview.
7. If I had attended that job interview, I would have got the job.
8. If the mobile had been cheaper, I would have bought it.
9. If I had known you were a vegetarian, I wouldnt have cooked meat.
10. If you read books in English, youll improve your level.

KEYS 64 EXERCISE Can you tell me how you did it?
1. Do you know what his name is? I would like to know who you met at the party.
2. Can you tell me how your mum is feeling? Do you know how important that meeting is for the
3. Do you know if your brother went out last weekend? boss?
Do you know when the last train to Valencia is on
4. Do you know what time we have our exam? Sundays?
5. Do you know what that is? Could you tell me how much those shoes cost?
6. Can you tell me what time the supermarket opens? Do you know what time the theatre play starts?
7. Can you tell me when we are going to the beach? Do you know when you are going on holiday?
8. Do you know what Juan does? Can you tell me what mortgage means?
I would like to know what you like doing in your free
9. Do you know how old Mara is? time.
10. Do you know if that computer works? I dont know why she cried.
1. Please dont make so much noise. I __m studying_______ (study).
2. How many languages __does Tom speak_______ (Tom speak).
3. I _dont belong_____ (not/belong) to a political party.
4. Hurry! The bus __is coming_____ (come). I _dont want ___ (not/want) to miss it.
5. The River Nile _flows____ (flow) into the Mediterranean.
6. The river _is flowing____ (flow) very fast today much faster than usual.
7. _Does it ever snow____ (it/ever/snow) in India?
8. We usually __grow______ (grow) vegetables in our garden, but this year we __arent growing______ (not/grow) any.
9. A: Can you drive?
B: No, but I __m learning______ (learn). My father _is teaching_______ (teach) me.
10. You can borrow my umbrella. I _dont need_____ (not/need) it at the moment.
11. (at a party) I usually _enjoy_____ (enjoy) parties but I _m not enjoying____ (not/enjoy) this one very much.
12. George says hes 80- years old but I _dont believe_____ (not/believe) him.
13. Ron is in London at the moment. He _is staying______ (stay) at the Hilton Hotel. He usually _stays_____ (stay) at the
Hilton Hotel when hes in London.
14. My parents __live____ (live) in Bristol. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where _do your
parents live___ (your/parents/live)?
15. She _is staying______ (stay) with her sister at the moment, until she finds somewhere to live.
16. A: What _does your father do____ (your father/do)?
B: Hes a teacher, but he _is not working______ (not/work) at the moment.
17. What time _do the banks close______ (the banks/close) in Britain?
18. I dont understand the word aint. What __does it mean_______ (it/mean)?
19. He is still ill but he __is getting better______ (get/better) slowly.
20. The economic situation is already bad and it _is getting worse____ (get/worse).

1- How.are you going to give Susan for her work?
a) much b) many c) money
Por qu es how much? Bien, para preguntar por el precio preguntamos how much. Recuerda que much se utiliza para sustantivos
incontables, mientras que many para contables, y cuando nos referimos al dinero o al precio de algo es much, porque dinero es

2- Darling..go to the cinema tonight

a) let we b) we let c) let us d) we lets
Let us: se utiliza para hacer sugerencias. Lo podramos traducir por vamos, por qu no vamos?, y si vamos?, o cualquier
otra cosa que se emplee en espaol para sugerir. La estructura es siempre la misma: Let + us + infinitivo sin -to. Por ejemplo: vamos a la
playa = let us go to the beach. Y si cenamos? = Let us have dinner.
La forma Let + us se suele abreviar a lets, hacindose as ms informal, ya que es algo que se usa con frecuencia en el lenguaje
Si queremos hacerlo negativo, la estructura es let + us/ s + NOT+ infinitivo sin -to, como tenemos en el ejemplo nmero 3, que lo
traducimos as: mam, no vayamos hoy de compras, est lloviendo.

3- Mum,. go shopping today, it is raining

a)dont let we b) lets not c) dont we d) lets no

4-It was nice to see him again. I.. him for ages.
a) havent seen b)hadnt seen c) havent see d) saw
En esta oracin, tenemos como solucin un past perfect (pasado perfecto). Se utiliza el past perfect para comparar dos acciones, una en
past simple (it was nice to see him) con una accin anterior, que es la que se hace con el past perfect. Se suele traducir por haba +
participio. El ejemplo nmero 4 lo podemos traducir de la siguiente manera: me alegr volver a verlo. No lo haba visto desde haca
mucho tiempo.

5- That cat is.. was miaowing all night on the roof

a) the one who b) the one that c) that who d) what
En este ejemplo tenemos el uso del pronombre relativo (that). Se utiliza that porque nos referimos al sustantivo cat, y con animales
that es el relativo que se debe utilizar. Por otro lado, el uso de the one significa el que, por tanto, la oracin se traduce por: ese gato
es el que estaba maullando toda la noche en el tejado. Despus de the one, necesitamos un relativo, que es, como os deca, that.

6- Those men are. were robbing the jewellers shop

a) the ones who b) who c) those whom d) whom
Este ejemplo es similar al anterior, sin embargo, aqu tenemos el sustantivo men, que rige who de relativo. Como men es plural,
the one del que hablbamos antes se convierte en plural, de ah que sea the ones. As lo traduciramos: Esos hombres son los que
estaban robando en la joyera.

1. Daniels behaviour is bad, but Brians is.

a) much worst
b) more worse
c) much worse
d) worst
Tenemos aqu comparativos y superlativos. En esta pregunta, queremos expresar lo siguiente: el
comportamiento de Daniel es malo, pero el de Brian es mucho peor, por tanto, peor es comparativo,
porque comparamos ambos comportamientos, y no superlativo. El comparativo del adjetivo bad es
irregular, no sigue la regla general, y es worse, que significa peor. Ahora bien, aqu tenemos para elegir,
antes de ese comparativo, much o more, para enfatizar ese peor y decir mucho peor. Eso se hace con
much y no con more. More significa ms, mientras que much es mucho.

2. They .a photo when I was on the podium

a) were taken
b) had taken
c) are taking
d) took

En esa pregunta nos dan a alegir distintos tiempos verbales, tenses, como lo llamamos en ingls. Poniendo
la opcin d), lo traducirmos as: ellos sacaron una foto cuando yo estaba en el podio. Se trata de una accin
acabada en el pasado.
La primera opcin, a), es imposible, puesto que eso es una pasiva. La pasiva, si recuerdas, se hace con el
verbo to be en cualquier tiempo ms el participo pasado. La pasiva se utiliza cuando el sujeto, es decir, la
persona que realiza la accin, no es importante de especificar. En este ejemplo, s que tenemos la persona
que realiza la accin, la persona que hace la foto, que es they, por tanto, eso no es pasiva, es activa.
La opcin b) tampoco es vlida, porque tenemos ah un past perfect = haba sacado y la c) tampoco, porque
es presente continuo, y nosotros neceitamos un tiempo pasado, ya que la segunda parte de la oracin est en
pasado (was).

3. What are you going to..in the interview?

a) tell
b) told
c) say
d) saying

4. What did your mother. you when she found out?

a) tell
b) say
c) said
d) told

5. My sister Mary has got

a) some friend
b) a friend
c) any friends
d) no friends

Vamos a ver una a una las opciones y explicar por qu slo son vlidas la b) y la d). En la a) tenemos some
+ un sustantivo singular, imposible en ingls. Recuerda, some se utiliza en oraciones positivas + un sustativo
plural, no singular, siempre que el sustantivo sea contable. Utilizamos some cuando nos referimos a una
cantidad de algo limitada, pero que no sabemos el nmero.
La opcin b) tambin es correcta, una amiga. La c), por lo que os acabo de decir, como la oracin es
positiva, necesitaramos some + plural noun (sustantivo). Any, en cambio, se utiliza en oraciones negativas e
interrogativas, igualmente, cuando la cantidad es limitada, pero no sabemos el nmero exacto. Pero any, al
igual que some, va seguido de sustantivo plural, siempre y cuando el sustantivo sea contable, como en este
caso, friends.
Por ltimo, la opcin d) tambin es correcta, el no se utliza para negar sustantivos, en este caso, nos niega
friends, que es un sustantivo. Por tanto, esta oracin: My sister Mary has got no friends significa: mi
hermana May no tiene amigos. En ingls podemos negar el sustantivo o el verbo. Si negamos el verbo, la
oracin quedara as: My sister Mary hasnt got friends, y el significado sera el mismo.

6. She hasnt boughtyet

a) any books
b) any book
c) some books
d) some book

Esta pregunta es muy fcil una vez explicada la anterior, verdad? Como la oracin es negativa, necesitamos
any, y recuerda any va seguido de sustantivo plural, por tanto, opcin a).

7. This is the woman.we saw by the river.

a) who
b) whom
c) which
d) whose

Tenemos aqu una oracin de relativo. Who se utiliza cuando el antecedente, que es el sustantivo que
aparece delante del pronombre relativo, es una persona. Which cuando el antecedente es una cosa o animal
y whose es cuyo/a y va seguido de un sustantivo, por ejemplo: My neighbour, whose apartment is next to
mine, is a doctor.
Por ltimo, whom es el relativo que traduciramos por a quien, hace de complemento indirecto. En este
ejemplo diramos: esta es la mujer a quien/ a la que vimos por el ro. Es cierto que el uso de whom es
bastante formal y en spoken English se sustituye por who, por tanto, who tambin es vlido.

8. ..were they talking about?

a) whose
b) who
c)of whom
d) of whose
Igualmente aqu, who, porque se refiere a una persona: De quin estaban hablando?

9. When you telephoned I wasnt

a) in the phone
b) at home
c) home
d) in home

La palabra home hay veces que lleva preposicin y hay veces que no. Lleva preposicin cuando el verbo
que la acompaa es esttico (sin movimiento), por ejemplo, el verbo to be, como en este ejemplo (wasnt) y
en ese caso la preposicin siempre es at, ninguna otra. Por otro lado, cuando el verbo es de movimiento,
como por ejemplo, go, arrive, get, come back, go back, etc., que son todos verbos de movimiento, NO
LLEVA PREPOSICIN. Examples: I go home, I arrived home late.
10. Thats a machineham.
a) for to cut
b) for cutting
c) for cut
d) to cut

Cabe explicar aqu la diferencia entre:

1) to cut
2) for cutting
1) Cuando expresamos en ingls el propsito de algo, hacemos una diferencia. Cuando el propsito es de
una accin, siempre utilizaremos: TO + INFINITIVE. Por ejemplo: I study English to get a better job =
estudio ingls PARA conseguir un trabajo mejor = para qu estudio ingls? = para conseguir un trabajo
mejor, ese PARA expresa la finalidad de una accin que es conseguir. Otro ejemplo: I go to the beach to get
a tan = voy a la playa para ponerme moreno/a = para qu vas a la playa? = PARA ponerme moreno/a. La
finalidad es de una accin, ponerme moreno/a.
2) Por otro lado, cuando la finalidad se refiere a un objeto, ah decimos: FOR + VERB IN ING. ste es el
ejemplo que tenemos en la pregunta nmero 10. El objeto o aparato es machine. Otro ejemplo: I use the
scissors for cutting paper.

11. Im sorry, I forgot.it

a) posting
b) to post
c) to posting
d) post

Ah podrs ver, no slo el verbo forget, sino muchos otros verbos seguidos de -ing o de to infinitive. No
dejes de echarle un vistazo, vas a aprender mucho, ya lo vers!

12nice those girls are!

a) how
b) how a
c) what
d) what a

Tenemos aqu una exclamacin. Las exclamaciones en ingls se utilizan de la siguiente manera:
1) How + adjetive = how lovely your house is! = qu bonita es tu casa!
2) What + (adjetive) nouns = What a lovely day!
Bien, te puedes preguntar, viendo estos ejemplos, que en el ejemplo de how, tambin tenemos un sustantivo,
que es house y en el ejemplo de what tenemos un adjetivo, que es lovely, s, es cierto, pero si os dais
cuenta, en el segundo ejemplo no tenemos verbo, tenemos adjetivo (lovely) y sustantivo (day), sin embargo,
en el primero, s tenemos un sustantivo y un verbo (your house is), pero eso forma como un nuevo nucleo,
una nueva oracin.
Ejemplos: Qu nio ms mono = what a cute boy! / Qu mono es el nio = how cute the boy is!
Y la cuestin del artculo a, se pone slo con what, cuando va seguido de un sustantivo contable singular,
no con plural o singular incontable, por ejemplo: What lovely house! / What tasty milk!

13. Thats girl father is so rich

a) whom
b) whose
c) whos
d) which
Tenemos otra vez oracin de relativo, y tal como dijimos antes, whose va seguido de sustantivo y significa
cuyo/a. Este ejemplo se traduce as: sa es la nia cuyo padre is tan rico.
14did you see last Sunday?
a) whom
b) b) whose
c) to whom
d) at whom
De nuevo, oracin de relativo. Whom en este caso porque es a quin, pero como antes ya coment,
tambin podramos decir: who did you see last Sunday?

15. Is anybody there? Yes,.

a) it is
b) there is
c) she is
d) there are
Como toda pregunta en ingls, la contestacin se hace tal y como hacemos la pregunta, por ejemplo, si yo
pregunto: do you like milk?, contestara: yes, I do OR no, I dont. Como la pregunta empieza con el auxiliar
de presente do, en la respuesta tambin empleo ese auxiliar. Lo mismo sucede con there is/are, cuando
pregunto: Is there anybody there?, contesto igual, yes, there is OR no, there isnt.

1 How much tea is there?
2 How many projects have you done this year?
3 There was so much traffic that I got stressed.
4 There were so many people that I couldnt see anything.
5 She was so tired that she decided not to go out last night.
6 Do you speak English? A little.
7 When I travel, I cant communicate because I speak little English.
8 I have no car.
9 I dont have a car.
10 Are you hungry? Not much.
11 Many people in Spain like wine.
12 Do you have any plants in your house? Yes, I have some.
13 There wasnt much traffic on the road this morning.
14 Dont make so much noise, Im trying to concentrate.
15 None of the children had done their homework, so the teacher was furious.
16 He is so sociable that he has a lot of friends.
17 I think you put too many tomatoes in this salad.
18 Dont use so much salt when cooking, its unhealthy.
19 When she moved to Germany to work she was depressed as she had few friends there.
20 You dont need to have too many close friends, I have a few and Im so happy.


But and but or since after however Although however yet Nevertheless despite In spite of the
as as because so that fact that though

1. in case 2. as 3. While 4. But 5. as
well as 6. either 7. Like 8. Or 9. If Firstly From my point of view
10. because above all Because of this
instead whereas therefore
However Furthermore even so
then such as
(was sitting) (wasn't looking) (wanted) (happened) (Did you see) (was wearing) (saw) (had)
(Did you go) (wasn't enjoying) (did she start) (was having) (was listening) (attracted)

1. (Have) you ever (passed) an English exam? 2. What (did) you (do) last night?
3. She (has) just (arrived) from Machester. 4. They (saw) Mary last week. 5. (Have) you (seen) Mary lately?

(is playing) (are going) (go) (are) (talks) (is having) (is running) (grow) (doesn't eat) (doesn't like)
(don't like) (stands) (is wearing) (go) (works) (speaks) (sits) (is watching) (Are you going)
(Do you ever work) (are you driving) (is boiling) (smells) (does)

They had not been talking / hadn't been talking when the phone cut out.
Had you been researching the problem for long when you found the solution?
Adam and Natalie had known each other when they started dating.
I needed a change. I had been living in New York for a long time.
She was excited because she had been planning her trip to Italy.


She had just arrived home. 1. I think (that) Ill see them next week.2. Ill see
Had we written two letters yesterday? them next week.3. Im going to see them next
When I phoned Sue she had already gone out. week. 4. Im seeing them next week.5. Will you
When we arrived the film started see me after (the) class, please? 6. Next summer I
When they arrived we had had eaten. am going to buy a new house. 7. I am quite tired; I
I had just got into bed when the lights went out. will go to bed now.


(will be flying) (will have passed) (had known) (had) (will come) (would have bought) (had
(will be working) (will be studying) (were) (won't arrive) (study) known) (came) (will be) (will
(will have bought) (will have read) (would have come) (boils) drive) (liked) (fell down)
(will be eating) (will have finished) (would sleep) (will pass) (had talked)

1 . The race (had been won) . 2. Two bulls (have been seen) this morning. 3. The newspaper (was being
bought) when Mary was seen this morning. 4. A new house (is being bought) this afternoon. 5. His two
cars (have been sold). 6. The glasses (were put) on the table yesterday. 7. The animal (was being fed)
yesterday at 10 o'clock 8. The house (had been painted) the week before. 9. Paul (has been given) a kiss
this morning. 10. The treasure (was hidden) a long time ago. 11. A strong noise (was listened) to coming
from the street. 12. English (is being studied) right now. 13. Two pints (were drunk) at Paul's house.
14. Two fossils of mammouth (were found). 15. Mary (wasn't recognized) at first sight. 16. She (isn't
known). 17. His car (was being driven) when she was phoned. 18. All the food (has been stolen). 19. Cars
(can't be parked) in here. 20. Photographs (can't be taken) in this place. 21. The rules (must be changed)
by school. 22. The stairs (should be repaired). 23. This watch (has to be mended).
Oh my God, I cant believe it; he has got two wives.
Darling, I am going to make a cake but we havent got any sugar left.
Ms. Smith let me ask you something: Have you got a brother who works as a doctor?
I love animals; I have got 3 dogs, 6 cats and 2 parrots in my house. My wife says I am crazy.
He is so handsome and intelligent; I wonder why he hasnt got a girlfriend.

1 . have 2. have 3. to have 4. having 5. have 6. to have 7. hasnt 8. havent we 9. has to go 10. ll have

1. is 2. has got 3. is 4. is 5. have got 6. is 7. have got 8. are 9. has got 10. is


1- (Playing with kids is healthy) (should) (may) (could) (mustnt) (can) (has to)
2- (I want to go shopping)
3- (Being here is boring)
4- (It is a difficult decision to make) KEYS 89 EXERCISE
5- (This court is for playing tennis) 1 D 2 A 3 C 4 D 5 A
6- (Learning to read is a child's play)
7- (I like watching TV)
8- (I would like to watch TV) KEYS 90 EXERCISE
9- (I hate washing the dishes) 1- us 2- my 3- his 4- yours / mine 5- them /
10- (I told my sister to come) their 6- him 7- your / her 8- mine / yours

something anybody somebody anything something anybody anything something
something somebody anything anybody something anything somewhere


1. (-) (-) 2. (the) 3. (a) 4. (-) 5. (the) 6. (an) 7. Whereas because that that if while
(a) 8. (-) 9. (-) 10. (-) 11. (the) 12. (the) 13. (-) so that thats why as because whereas
14. (the) 15. (-) 16. (an)

(whose) (which) (that) (why) (What) (Where) (who) (which) (what) (that)

1 . are 2 . do 3 . do 4 . did 5 . does 6 . did 7 . were

Can she drive a car? Yes, she can or No, she cant
Did she play tennis yesterday? Yes, she did or No she didnt
Are you tall? Yes, I am or No I am not
Does she check her email in the morning? Yes, she does or No she doesnt
Do they speak German? Yes, they do or No, they dont
Am I fat? Yes, you are or No, you arent
Were you at the university last night? Yes, I were or No, I werent
Will she buy the printer? Yes, she will or No she wont
Is he friendly? Yes, he i sor No he isnt
Was she beautiful? Yes, she was or No she wasnt
1. Where did you meet your wife? I met my wife AT THE UNIVERSITY.
2. Why do you like buying computers? BECAUSE computers are very interesting and useful.
3. How was the movie? The movie WAS FUNNY.
4. Who did you go to the party with? I went to the party with LAURA and MICHAEL.
5. What is your sisters name? My sisters name is MARTHA.
6. When is your birthday? My birthday is on July 4th.
7. How many brothers do you have? I have 10 BROTHERS.
8. How often does she visit her family? She visits her family 5 TIMES A MONTH.


(tallest) (more exciting) (older) (better) (worst) (most Went drove was got wasn't was
intelligent) (nicest) (most beautiful) (more dangerous) heard forgot told gave had
(longer) hit ran grew


My (brother's) car. My (brothers') car. (Paul's) room. (Alice's) house.
The (city's) new theather. (Jack and Jill's) wedding. Mr. and Mrs. (Carter's) house.


(babies) (tables) (kisses) (oxen) (thieves) (lives) (chairs) (feet) (churches) (tomatoes) (teeth) (feet)
(computers) (men) (geese) (women) (gaps) (pianos) (potatoes) (scarves)


KEYS 102 EXERCISE (on) (at) (with) (with) (to) (in) (to) (of) (to) (about) (into) (across)
In on at at in on in at on in (under) (for) (during) (in) (since) (to) (until) (over) (like) (towards)
(through) (in front of) (from) (during) (except) (by) (without)


KEYS 104 EXERCISE KEYS 105 EXERCISE (Paul is taller than Steve) .
(Playing with kids is healthy) . another (Mary is as tall as Sarah) .
(I want to go shopping) . other (Richard is the most intelligent
(Being here is boring) . another boy in the classroom) .
(Steve is not as friendly as yours) .
(It is a difficult decision to make) . another (Alice is prettier than Mary) .
(This court is for playing tennis) . other (James is more interesting than
(Learning to read is a child's play) . other Tom) .
(I like watching TV) . other (Peter is the most handsome boy
another in the classroom) .
(I would like to watch TV) .
(This computer is better than
(I hate washing the dishes) . others yours) .
(I told my sister to come) . others (I am better than you) .
(This house is bigger than yours) .


1 . (the boss had to sign the letter) 2 . (their teacher would go) (the following day)
3 . (she had been writing) (the previous day) 4 . (Tim had gone) (the day before) EXERCISE
5 . (his mother would celebrate her birthday the following week) 6 . (John had already gone at six) By far pretty extremely
7 . (if the boys were reading a book) 8. (where I was playing football that day) slightly highly
9 .(had flown to London two weeks before)

1. (I went to Madrid last year) .

2. (I ate at that restaurant last Monday) .
3. (Alice forgot to come to my party) .
4. (Tom bought a new house three years ago) .
5. (The child broke his leg) .
6. (I had a white dog) .
7. (My sister visited me last month) .
8. (I saw him yesterday) .
9. (John read that book at university) .
10. (Last winter was very hard) .
11. (There are four rooms in the house although I thought that there was only one.
12. Is there anybody in that room?
13. Was there anything on my bed?
14. Were there potatoes in the kitchen?
15. There has to have been a reason.
16. Is there anyone here?
17. There'll be a cake waiting for us.
18. Is there any restaurant here?
19. There are going to be many people.
20. There could be an accident.


No preposition to No preposition No preposition at to No preposition No preposition No preposition
No preposition


1. Who wants the last chocolate?
2. Who will you give it to?
3. What / Which language sounds most beautiful?
4. What / Which language do you prefer?
5. Whos coming tomorrow?
6. How many people speak English?
7. How many languages do you speak?
8. What does Sarah eat every day?
9. Who eats chocolate every day?
10. Who met Sam?
11. Who did James meet?
12. Who is writing a letter?
13. What do cats eat?
14. What does Jack like?
15. Who writes short stories?
16. What child suspended the exam?