Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6


Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

A world-class private non-stock, non-sectarian university serving the nation through its holistic

To produce competent graduates by providing quality education

Institutional Objectives
Integral to the attainment of its mission, St. Peters College commits itself to:
A. Give satisfaction to its clientele by affecting performance measures for transparent and
balanced resource management.
B. Offer motivation to the globally competitive stakeholders by providing quality instruction and
conducting relevant research as effective mechanisms.
C. Serve for the holistic development of students by offering balanced curricular and co-curricular
programs and by providing them appropriate teaching-learning
D. Provide programs for people empowerment by undertaking continuous promotion and
implementation of sustainable extension programs.
E. Care to support development plans, programs, and projects of the Institution by making
effective use of the constituents entrepreneurial skills, and information and communication
technology as learning tools and as a means for income generating projects.

Ecology Syllabus

Sci 4E- (Lecture)

Name of Faculty: Kresha M. Lluisma Schedule: 13:00-16:00 (6) Rm# E305

Course Description

Ecology lecture is a 3-unit introductory course on the biology and properties of ecological systems. It
consists of three lecture hours per week on the general concepts and principles pertaining to the
complex pattern of interactions between the physical environment and the communities on Earth.
Emphasis is given on the current issues, especially in the Philippine context.

Pre-requisite: Biological Science

Units: 3 units

A. Course Objectives

By the end of the course, you should be able to: 1) Identify the basic concepts of ecology.2) Describe
the energy transfer, food chains and trophic levels.3) Discuss the changes and movement in
populations; and How living things interact and form communities.4) Define Biomes and types of
biomes.5) Explain the transfer of matter and energy in ecosystems; habitat and community changes.6)
Identify basic applications/conservation measures and the impacts of Human actions have had on the
environment.7) Identify and explain the methods of treating wastes/pollutants and its effects to human
health.8)Develop the writing skill of the students in writing scientific papers.9) Develop respect and
nurturing of Mother Nature.
St. Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

B. Course Outline and Timeframe

Week Topic
1 Chapter 1: Introduction to Ecology
Lesson 1 - The Environment, Levels of Ecology and Ecosystems
Lesson 2 - Biotic Factor: Definition & Examples
Lesson 3 - What is a Species? - Definition & Explanation
Lesson 4 - What Is a Biome? - Definition & Types
Lesson 5 - Ecosystems, Habitats and Ecological Niches
2 Chapter 2: Roles in Energy Transfer
Lesson 1 - Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
Lesson 2 - Omnivores: Definition & Examples
Lesson 3 - Food Chains, Trophic Levels and Energy Flow in an Ecosystem
3 Chapter 3: Population Dynamics
Lesson 1 - How Birth, Immigration, Emigration & Death Affect Populations
Lesson 2 - Carrying Capacity within Animal Populations
Lesson 3 - Social Behavior: The Cost-Benefit of Altruism and Kin Selection
4 Chapter 4: Interactions in Communities
Lesson 1 - Predator/Prey Interactions, Camouflage, Mimicry & Warning Coloration
Lesson 2 - Symbiotic Relationships: Mutualism, Commensalism & Parasitism
Lesson 3 - Intraspecific Competition: Example & Definition
6 Chapter 5: Energy and Matter in Ecosystems
Lesson 1 - Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
Lesson 2 - What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature
Lesson 3 - First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
Lesson 4 - The Law of Conservation of Mass: Definition, Equation & Examples
Lesson 5 - What is an Energy Pyramid? - Definition & Examples
Lesson 6 - The Water Cycle: Precipitation, Condensation, and Evaporation
Lesson 7 - Cycles of Matter: The Nitrogen Cycle and the Carbon Cycle
7 Chapter 6: Changes in Ecosystems
Lesson 1 - What Is Eutrophication? - Definition, Causes & Effects
Lesson 2 - Succession in Freshwater and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Lesson 3 - Ecological Succession: From Pioneer to Climax Communities
Lesson 4 - What is Biodiversity? - Definition and Relation to Ecosystem Stability
8 Chapter 7: Human Activity and Ecosystems
Lesson 1 - Pollution and Habitat Destruction: The Human Factors Contributing To
Endangerment & Extinction
Lesson 2 - Resource Depletion & Its Negative Effects on Ecosystems
Lesson 3 - From Highways to Canals: How Transportation Infrastructure Affects
Lesson 4 - Fishing Techniques & Their Effects on Ecosystems
Lesson 5 - Overfishing: Problems, Statistics, and Solutions
Lesson 6 - How Coastal Development Impacts Ecosystems
Lesson 7 - What Is Conservation Biology? - Definition & Principles
Lesson 8 - The 3 Rs of Reducing Solid Waste: Reuse, Reduce & Recycle
St. Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

9 Chapter 8: Earths Support of Life
Lesson 1 - Photosynthesis: Definition & Reactions
Lesson 2 - Solar Energy: Effects on Earth's Temperature
Lesson 3 - What Are the Properties of Water? - Unique Properties that Support Life
on Earth
Lesson 4 - Major Components of the Atmosphere
Lesson 5 - What is UV Radiation? - Definition, Types & Effects
Lesson 6 - The Ozone Layer: Importance and the Harmful Effects of Thinning
11 Chapter 9: Natural Resources
Lesson 1 - What Are Natural Resources? - Definition & Types
Lesson 2 - Renewable & Non-Renewable Resources: Definition & Differences
Lesson 3 - What Are Fossil Fuels? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Lesson 4 - Material Resources: Definition & Uses
12 Chapter 10: Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Lesson 1 - Energy Resources: Definition & Uses
Lesson 2 - What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples
Lesson 3 - What is Petroleum? - Definition & Uses
Lesson 4 - Oil and Natural Gas Reserves: Availability, Extraction and Use
Lesson 5 - What is Coal? - Facts, Types, Formation & Uses
Lesson 6 - What is Fission? - Definition, Reaction & Theory
Lesson 7 - Risks of Nuclear Power Plants and Radioactive Waste: Safety and Health
13 Chapter 11: Renewable Energy Resources
Lesson 1 - Wind as a Renewable Energy Resource: Advantages & Disadvantages
Lesson 2 - Hydroelectric Energy: Definition, Uses, Advantages & Disadvantages
Lesson 3 - What is Solar Energy? - Definition, Pros & Cons
Lesson 4 - Biomass for Renewable Energy: Pros and Cons
Lesson 5 - Geothermal Energy: Advantages and Disadvantages
14 Chapter 12: Human Impact on Water
Lesson 1 - Ground and Surface Water: Effects On Landscapes
Lesson 2 - Aquifer: Definition, Types & Facts
Lesson 3 - Water Quality & Water Supply: Definition & Purpose
Lesson 4 - Water Pollution: Definition, Types, and Sources
Lesson 5 - Pollution: Physical, Chemical & Biological
Lesson 6 - What is Thermal Pollution?
Lesson 7 - Human Causes of Eutrophication
Lesson 8 - Water Treatment: Improving Water Quality
Lesson 9 - The Clean Water Act & Safe Drinking Water Act: Legislation for Clean
Lesson 10 - Water Storage: The Pros and Cons of Dams & Reservoirs
Lesson 11 - Water Resource Issues: Activities Affecting the Water Supply
Lesson 12 - Aquifer Depletion and Overdrawing of Surface Waters: Effects on Water
16 Chapter 13: Human Impact on Land
Lesson 1 - Types of Land Uses: Recreational, Transport, Agricultural, Residential &
Lesson 2 - What is Soil? - Definition, Structure & Types
Lesson 3 - Land Degradation and Habitat Fragmentation: The Environmental Impacts
St. Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

of Industrialized Agriculture
Lesson 4 - Urban Land Development and Suburban Sprawl: Environmental
Lesson 5 - Desertification Caused by Human Activity
Lesson 6 - Deforestation: Definition, Causes & Consequences

Chapter 14: Human Impact on the Atmosphere

Lesson 1 - Greenhouse Gases and the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
Lesson 2 - What Is Air Pollution? - Definition, Sources & Types
Lesson 3 - Acid Precipitation: Definition, Causes & Effects
Lesson 4 - Air Quality Index: Definition & Uses
Lesson 5 - What Is Indoor Air Pollution? - Definition, Sources & Effects
Lesson 6 - Global Climate Change: Effects and Mitigation Strategies

17 Chapter 15: Protecting Earth's Water, Land & Air

Lesson 1 - Environmental Conservation and Preservation: Definition, Differences &
Lesson 2 - Stewardship of Ecosystems: Definition & Explanation
Lesson 3 - Water Conservation: How Water Management Can Lead to Sustainable
Lesson 4 - Land Conservation: Preserving and Restoring Ecosystems
Lesson 5 - Controlling Air Pollution: How Developed & Developing Nations Differ

C. Required Reading

Hennigan, T., and J. Lightner. (2013). The Ecology Book. Master Books.

Odum, E. (2004). Fundamentals of Ecology. Cengage Learning

Smith, R.L., and T.M. Smith. (2003). Elements of ecology. 5th edition. USA: Benjamin


D. Suggested Reading and Reference

Hennigan, T., and J. Lightner. (2013). The Ecology Book. Master Books.

Odum, E. (2004). Fundamentals of Ecology. Cengage Learning.

Smith, R.L., and T.M. Smith. (2003). Elements of ecology. 5th edition. USA: Benjamin

St. Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

E. Course Requirements

Based on CHED policy, total number of absences by the students should not be more than
20% of the total number of meetings or 9hrs for a three-unit-course. Students incurring more
than 9 hrs of unexcused absences automatically get a failing grade regardless of the class
Submission of Assessment Tasks
Learning tasks and other assigned works or projects are due at the beginning of the class
periods of the specified dates.
Written Examination
Quizzes are to be taken only on the dates announced/specified. No special quizzes are given
except for meritorious cases.
Course Portfolio
Selected learning tasks and examinations are to be compiled and collected before the end of
the term. The selection is based on statistical data gathering (lowest, median,
highest). Learning tasks and examinations with marks lowest, median, and highest must be
photocopied and must be given back to the instructor for course portfolio keeping.
Language of Instruction
Lectures, discussion, and documentation will be in English. Written and spoken work may
receive a lower mark if it is, in the opinion of the instructor, deficient in English.
Honor, Dress and Grooming Codes
All of us have been instructed on the Dress and Grooming Codes of the Institute. We have
committed to obey and sustain these codes. It will be expected in this class that
each of us will honor the commitments that we have made.
For this course the Honor Code is that there will be no plagiarizing on written work and
cheating on exams. Proper citation must be given to authors whose works were used in the
process of developing instructional materials and learning in this course. If a student is caught
cheating on an exam, he or she will be given zero for that exam, if a student is caught cheating
twice, the student will be referred to the dean of student affairs and be given a failing grade.
Each student is expected to participate in all class involvement shown below:
o Attendance of class interactions--------------------10%
o Assignments/Projects/Paper Reports-------------15%
o Oral Recitation-------------------------------------------20%
- Individual/Group Oral Report
o Quizzes/Exercises/ Seatwork------------------------20%
o Major exams----------------------------------------------35%

F. Grading System
Cumulative Average System

There shall be four (4) grading periods: Prelim Term Grade (PG), Midterm Grade (MG), Pre-Final Term
Grade (PFG), and Final Term Grade (FG) leading to students Final Cumulative Grade in consonance
with the class report of the faculty concerned as follows:

Midterm Cumulative Grade= ( PG + MG ) 2

St. Peters College
Sabayle St., Iligan City

College of Arts and Sciences

Pre-final Cumulative Grade= ( Midterm Cumulative Grade + PFG ) 2
Final Cumulative Grade= ( Pre-final Cumulative Grade + FG ) 2 or
Final Cumulative Grade= (12.5%) PG + (12.5%) MG + (25%) PFG + (50%) FG

G. Classroom Policies

Students missing 75% or more of the classes, regardless of whether their absences are
avoidable or unavoidable, will be considered unable to meet the "learning outcomes" of the
course and will be excluded from the final examination.
Instructors are under no obligation to re-teach material that has already been taught in a
regularly scheduled class.
Students are required to provide at least ONE WEEK prior notice in writing (preferably earlier)
of their intention to absent themselves.
Opportunity will be provided for students to make up work or examinations missed without

If a student is caught cheating on an exam, he or she will be given zero for that exam, if a
student is caught cheating twice, the student will be referred to the dean of student affairs and
be given a failing grade.

H. Consultation Hours

Monday and Wednesday 9:00-10:30 and Tuesday to Thursday 5:00-7:30.

Prepared by: Noted by:

Kresha M. Lluisma, LPT Emma B. Magracia, PhD

Instructor Acting Dean, CAS

Approved by:

Ciriaco M. Gillera, PhD

EO-Academic Affairs