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Aircraft Inspections

Richard D. Mileham
Airworthiness Safety Program
Manager
Great Lakes Region

III-1
Maintenance Technician and
Inspection Authorization
Inspection Task
Review of the Inspection tasks will
assist you in performing the task of a
maintenance technician and
Inspection Authorization to the
requirements of the Federal Aviation
Regulations
Recurrent training is the key to your
success and the key to maintaining a
safe aircraft.
Lets take a look at those tasks that
we are required to do as a
maintenance technician.
INSPECTIONS
Inspections are the most important task that we
perform. It is also important that we build a
working relationship with the owner and operator
aircraft so we can complete the requirements of
the inspection to determine that all the
airworthiness requirements are met.
It is just as important that the owner/operator
understand their responsibility in maintaining the
aircraft . Take the opportunity to explain the
requirements of the regulations and assist the
owner/operator in making sure that all the
requirements of the regulation are met.
III-4
CUSTOMER RELATIONS...
GET IT STRAIGHT

III-5
Explain to the customer the
requirement of the inspection and what
it is going to take to accomplish
the entire inspection. Remember
maintenance includes inspection and
items found during the inspection must
have a corrective action.

III-6
Many times there is a misunderstanding that
the owner/operator has an option not to fix
discrepancies found during the inspection.
The regulation does not allow items to be
deferred except in accordance with
inoperative equipment procedures.
Therefore, once you have determined it to be
a discrepancy, a corrective action must be
taken. Set it straight before you start the
inspection.
III-7
Piper PA46-310P
and Cessna 152
Lets take a look at the above
aircraft and see what the
requirements would be for an
inspection of the aircraft to
determine that it meets its type
design and is in a condition for
safe operation.
III-8
REGISTRATION AND
AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATES

AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION
UNITED SATES OF AMERICA
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION-FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
STANDARD AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATE
1. NATIONALITY AND 3. AIRCRAFT SERIAL
REGISTRATION MARKS 2. MANUFACTURER AND MODEL NUMBER 4. CATEGORY

5. AUTHORITY AND BASIS FOR ISSUANCE


This airworthiness certificate is issued pursuant to the Federal aviation Act of 1958 and certifies that, as of the date of issuance, the
aircraft to which issued has been inspected and found to conform to the type certificate therefor, to be in a condition for safe
operation, and had been shown to meet the requirements of the applicable comprehensive and detailed airworthiness code as
provided in Annex 8 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, except as noted herein.
Exceptions:

6. TERM AND CONDITIONS

Unless sooner surrendered, suspended, revoked, or a termination date is otherwise established by the Administrator, this
AIRWORTHINESS certificate is effective as long as the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and ALTERATIONS are performed in
accordance with Parts 21, 43, and 91 of the Federal Aviation Regulations, as appropriate, and the aircraft is registered in the
United States.
DATE OF ISSUANCE FAA REPRESENTATIVE DESIGNATION NUMBER

Any alteration, PRODUCTION, or misuse of this certificate may be punishable by a fine not exceeding $1,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 3
years or both. THIS CERTIFICATE MUST BE DISPLAYED IN THE AIRCRAFT IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE FEDERAL
AVIATION REGULATIONS.

III-9 91.203(a)(1)(2)
The first thing we need to do in our
research is to determine the aircraft
had been registered and that is has an
airworthiness certificate.

FAR 91.203 Civil Aircraft: Certification


Requirements.

If these are not present, we must inform


the owner/operator of their responsibility.

III-10
THE AMT and IA MUST
RESEARCH:
MAINTENANCE RECORDS

SPECIFICATION OR DATA SHEET

AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

THE CURRENT MANUFACTURERS


MAINTENANCE MANUAL OR
INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONTINUED
AIRWORTHINESS.

III-11 FAR 43.13, 15, 16


Maintenance record research is a time
consuming task but is a must. It is
important to review the work that may
have been accomplished since the last
inspection. As part of the inspection you
will be taking responsibility for the
condition of the item being inspected and
you want to make sure the work
accomplished meets all the regulation and
airworthiness requirements.
III-12
ARE THESE DOCUMENTS
REQUIRED?

PA-46-310P PA-46-310P
TY PE
MALIBU M ALIBU
CERTIFICATE
DATA PIPER
PIPER
SHEET
PA-46-310P
MALIBU APPROVED
FLIGHT MANUAL EQUIPMENT LIST

III-13
Lets take a look at each of these
documents and see what the
significance of the documents
are to the inspection and how it
will be used to determine the
aircraft to meet its type design.

III-14
The first document is the Aircraft Type
Data Sheet.
This document provides a listing of all the
equipment installed at the time of
manufacturing and list optional equipment
that could be installed on the aircraft.
Inspection of the aircraft to the type
data sheet is a must.

III-15
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

A25S0
Revision 1
Piper
PA-46-310P
December 30, 1983
TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A25SO

This data sheet , which is part of Type Certificate No. A25SO,


prescribes conditions and limitations under which the product for,
which the type certificate was issued meets the airworthiness
requirements of the Federal Aviation Regulations.

III-16
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ype Certificate Holder; Piper Aircraft Corporation


Vero Beach Division
Vero Beach, Florida 32960

. Model PA-46-310P (Malibu), 6PCLM (Normal Category),


Approved September 27, 1983)

Engine Teledyne Continental Model TSIO-520-BE

Fuel 100/100LL Minimum grade aviation gasoline

III-17
The type data indicates the following
information:
Type Data Sheet Number and Revision
Aircraft Make and Model
Conditions and Limitations
Airworthiness Requirements
Engines installed
Fuel Specification
Engine Limits
Propeller and Propeller Limits
Airspeed Limits
III-18
Engine Limits For all operations:

2600 RPM and 38 Hg MAP (310 HP),


sea level to 24,000 Ft.;
2600 RPM and 35 Hg MAP above 24,00 Ft.

2400 RPM and 31 Hg MAP maximum


when leaned to 50 F lean
of peak, any altitude.

Propeller and Hartzell, Hub BHC-C2YF-1BF,


Blade F8052 ( )
Propeller Limits Pitch: High 38.0 plus/minus 1degree,
low 16.0 plus/minus 0.2 at 30 station
Diameter: Not over 80, not under 78.
Spinner: Hartzell D-4810 or D-4810P
Governor: Hartzell Model E-5-2 09/91
III-19
Airspeed Limits
(KIAS) Vne (Never Exceed) 203 KIAS
Vno (Maximum Structural Cruise) 173 KIAS
Va (Maneuvering 4100 lbs.) 135 KIAS
Va (Maneuvering 2450 lbs.) 103 KIAS
Vfe (Maximum Flaps Extended) 120 KIAS

Page No. 1 2 3 4

Rev. No 1 1 1 -

09/91
III-20
Type Data Sheet: (Continued)

Airspeed Limits
Center of Gravity Ranges
Empty Weight
Maximum Weight
III-21
-2- December 31, 1983
A25SO Revision 1
Airspeed Limits Vlo (Maximum Landing Gear Operation)
KIAS Extension 170 KIAS
Retraction 130 KIAS
Vle (Maximum Landing Gear Extended) 200 KIAS

C.G. Range WT. FWD Limit AFT Limit


(Gear Extended) (LBS) IN.S AFT OF DATUM) (IN.S
AFT OF DATUM)
4100 143.3 In. 147.1 In.
3680 136.1 In. 147.1 In.
2450 or less 130.7 In. 147.1 In.

III-22
-2- December 31, 1983

Empty Weight None


C. G. Range

Maximum Weight Ramp 4118 lbs.


Takeoff 4100 lbs.
Landing 3900 lbs.

III-23
Type Data Sheet: (Continued)

Number of Seats and their locations


Maximum baggage (Forward and Aft)
Fuel Capacity (number of Gallons and location)
Oil Capacity (number of Quarts and location)
Maximum Operating Altitude
Maximum Cabin Operating Altitude
Maximum Cabin Operating Pressure Differential
Control surface movements
III-24
Number of Seats 6 (2 at +135.5)
(2 at +177.0)
(2 at + 218.75)

Maximum Baggage 100 lbs at + 88.6 (Fwd.)


100 lbs. at + 245.1 (Aft.)

Fuel Capacity 122 gals. (2 wing tanks) at + 149.4


See note 1 for data on fuel system.

Oil Capacity 8 qts. at + 53.5


See note 1 for data on oil system.

09/91
III-25
Maximum Operating Altitude 25,000Ft.

Maximum Cabin Operating 5.6PSID


Pressure Differential

Control Surface Aileron (+1) Up 18 Down 18


Movements Elevator (+0.5) Up 23.5 Down 14.5
Rudder (+1,-0) Left 26 Right 30
Elevator (+1) Down 24.5 Up 19
Trim Tab (Elevator Neutral)
Wing Flaps (+1) Up 0 Down 35

09/91
III-26
Type Data Sheet: (Continued)
Manufacturers Serial Numbers
Datum
Certification Basis
Production Basis
Equipment
Noise Characteristics
Current Weight and Balance Report
Placards
Life limit items
III-27
-3- December 31, 1983
Manufacturers 46-8408001 and up
Serial Numbers
Datum 100 inches forward of
pressure bulkhead.
Leveling Means Top or Bottom Fuselage
at B.L.-0 (constant section)
Certification Basis FAR Part 23 effective
February 1, 1965, thru amendment 23-25,
effective Mar. 6, 1980; FAR 25.783(e),
25.831(c) and (d) of Amendment 12, effective

Aug. 1, 1981. No equivalent safety


findings.

III-28
-3- December 31, 1983

Production Basis: Production Certificate No.


206.
Production Limitation:
Record issued and the
manufacturer authorized to issue
airworthiness certificates under
the delegation option
provisions of FAR 21.

III-29
-3- December 31, 1983

Equipment The basic required equipment prescribed


in the applicable airworthiness
regulations (see Certification Basis) must
be installed in the aircraft for
certification. In addition, one of the
following items of equipment are
required for S/N 46-8408001 and up;

AFM Report FT-157, Appendix D approved


September 26, 1983 or POH
Report VB-1200

III-30
Did you notice that under equipment
that the Aircraft Flight Manual
(AFM) or Pilot Operating Handbook
(POH) is required.

Therefore, when you are performing


the inspection, you need to make
sure these documents are available.
III-31
Noise Characteristics
The corrected noise level of the Model
PA-46-310P is 74.8 dBA at the Maximum
Normal Operating Power at 2600 RPM.
The noise level stated above has been
approved by the Federal Aviation
Administration in noise level test flights
conducted in accordance with FAR 36.
Noise Standards: Aircraft Type and
Airworthiness Certification. The
aircraft noise is in compliance with FAR
36 noise standards applicable to this type.
III-32
A25SO -4- December 31, 1983

NOTE 1. Current Weight and Balance


Report, including list of equipment included
in certificated empty weight and loading
instructions when necessary, must be
provided for each aircraft at the time of
original certification. The certified empty
weight and corresponding center of gravity
locations must include undrainable system
oil (not included in oil capacity) and
unusable fuel as noted below Fuel 12 lbs. at
(+152.37) Oil 2.8 lbs. at (53.5)
-END- 09/91
III-33
A25SO -4- December 31, 1983

NOTE 2. All placards required in the POH and AFM


must be installed in the appropriate locations. The
following placards must be displayed in clear view of the
pilot: The markings and placards installed in this
airplane contain operating limitations which must be
complied with when operating this airplane in the normal
category. Other operating limitations which must be
complied with when operating this airplane in this
category are contained in the airplane flight manual. No
aerobatic maneuvers, including spins, approved.

NOTE 3. The life limit of the fuselage assembly, P/N is


82250 is 10,145 hours. The life limit of the wing assemble,
P/N 831000 is 15,580 hours.
-END- 09/91
III-34
Equipment Lists are needed
to determine what is installed
on the aircraft that is not
included on the Type Data
Sheet.

III-35
The following equipment list is a
comprehensive list of all Cessna
equipment available for this
airplane. A separate equipment list
of items installed in your specific
airplane is provided in your aircraft
file. The following list and the
specific list for your airplane have a
similar order of listing.

This equipment list provides the


following information:
III-36
An item number gives the
identification number of the item.
Each number is prefixed with a letter
which identifies the descriptive
grouping (example: A. Powerplant &
Accessories) under which it is listed.
Suffix letters identify the equipment as
a required item, a standard item or an
optional item.
Suffix letters are as follows:
III-37
- R= required items of equipment
for FAA certification
- S= standard equipment items
- O= optional equipment items
replacing required
or standard items
- A= optional equipment items
which are in addition to
required or standard
items
A reference drawing column provides the
III-38 drawing number for the item.
CESSNA SECTION 6
M ODEL 152 W EIGHT &
BALANCE/ EQUIPMENT LIST
EQUIPMENT LIST
The following equipment list is a comprehensive list of all
Cessna equipment available for this airplane. A
separate equipment list of items installed in your
specific airplane is provided in your aircraft file. The
following list and the specific list for your airplane have
a similar order of listing.

This equipment list provides the following information:


An item number gives the identification number of the item. Each
number is
prefixed with a letter which identifies the descriptive grouping (example:
A. Powerplant & Accessories) under which it is listed. Suffix letters
identify
the equipment as a required item, a standard item or an optional item.
Suffix letters are as follows:

- R= required items of equipment for FAA certification


-S= standard equipment items
-O= optional equipment items replacing required or
III-39 standard items
ITEM EQUIPMENT LIST REF WT ARM
NO DESCRIPTION DRAWING LBS INS

9-R AMMETER S-1320-5 0.5 18.0

5-A CLOCK INSTALLATION 0400341 0.4 14.4

7-A RECORDER, ENGINE


HOUR METER 0401017 0.6

III-40
ITEM EQUIPMENT LIST REF WT ARM
NO DESCRIPTION DRAWING LBS INS

E. CABIN ACCOMMODATIONS
E05-R SEAT, PILOT INDIVIDUAL 0414070 11.1 45.2
SLIDING

E05-O SEAT, VERTICALLY 0414071 13.6 45.2


ADJUSTABLE, PILOT

E07-S SEAT, COPILOT INDIVIDUAL 0414070 11.1 45.2


SLIDING

E07-O SEAT, VERTICALLY 0414071 13.6 45.2


ADJUSTABLE, COPILOT

III-41
NOTE
If additional equipment is
to be installed, it must be
done in accordance with
the reference drawing,
accessory kit instructions,
or a separate FAA
approval.

III-42
A complete equipment list will also assist in
the task of accomplishing a weight and
balance, Airworthiness Directive review and
compliance listing.
If your aircraft does not have a current
equipment list it is impossible to know all the
equipment make, model and serial numbers
of the equipment installed.

III-43
Airworthiness Directives
Lets take a look at Airworthiness Directives
and the compliance requirements. Guidance
and information can be found in AC39-7C
Airworthiness Directives
Airworthiness Directives are mandatory and it
is the responsibility of the owner/operator to
assure the ADs are complied with.
Additionally, the maintenance technician
performing an inspection is responsible to see
the ADs are complied with.

III-44
Airworthiness Directives

The person performing the


compliance of an airworthiness
directive is responsible to
assure all airworthiness
requirements are met.
Airworthiness Directive
research is a must when
performing any inspection.

III-45
ISSUANCE OF AD
SUMMARY EFFECTIVE 1990
CHANGES
BOOK 1, SMALL AIRCRAFT AND ALL
ROTORCRAFT BETWEEN THE 1940S
AND 1979 (STILL IN EFFECT)
BOOK 2, SMALL AIRCRAFT AND ALL
ROTORCRAFT ADS BEGINNING WITH
1980 TO PRESENT
BOOK 1, LARGE AIRCRAFT BETWEEN
THE 1940S AND 1979 (STILL IN
EFFECT)
BOOK 2, LARGE AIRCRAFT ADS
BEGINNING WITH 1980 TO PRESENT

III-46 AC 39-6
AIRWORTHINESS
DIRECTIVES
ARE ISSUED WHEN...

AN UNSAFE CONDITION EXISTS


IN A PRODUCT,
AND
THAT CONDITION IS LIKELY
TO EXIST OR DEVELOP IN
OTHER PRODUCTS OF THE
SAME TYPE DESIGN.
III-47 FAR 39.1
AD CATEGORIES
EMERGENCY ADs

NOTICE OF
PROPOSED
RULEMAKING

III-48
LETS LOOK
AT AN AD

A LITTLE CLOSER

III-49
ADS HAVE 3 MAIN SECTIONS

THE NUMBER

APPLICABILITY

COMPLIANCE PERIOD

III-50
BASIC ELEMENTS OF AN
AD NUMBER

87 03 10
YEAR OF BIWEEKLY SEQUENTIAL
ORIGINAL PERIOD OF NUMBER
ISSUANCE ORIGINAL ASSIGNED TO
ISSUANCE EACH AD IN
THE
III-51 BIWEEKLY
AD NUMBERING INCLUDES TWO
SUPPLEMENTAL ELEMENTS

1. THE R NUMBER INDICATES THE


NUMBER OF TIMES THE AD
HAS BEEN REVISED
07 R3
78-09-

FOR EXAMPLE:
AD 78-09-07 R3 HAS
BEEN REVISED THREE
TIMES.
III-52
AD NUMBERING INCLUDES TWO
SUPPLEMENTAL ELEMENTS

2. A T WHICH PRECEDES THE AD


NUMBER MEANS THE AD WAS
TELEGRAPHED TO THE OWNER
OPERATOR OF THE UNSAFE
PRODUCT. 92-02-51
NOTE:
THE LAST TWO SEQUENTIAL
NUMBERS OF THE TELEGRAPHIC
AD BEGIN WITH THE NUMBER 51
AND CONTINUE IN ASCENDING
ORDER
III-53
A REVISED AD MAY
IMPORTANT INCLUDE ADDITIONAL
FACT MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURES THAT
WERE NOT REQUIRED
IN THE ORIGINAL AD.
THE INSTRUCTIONS
MUST BE COMPLIED
WITH AND THE
REVISED AD BE
SIGNED OFF EVEN
THOUGH THE
ORIGINAL AD WAS A
ONE-TIME
COMPLIANCE AD.
III-54
AD APPLICABILITY
A STATEMENT IN THE AD
WHICH SPECIFIES THE
PRODUCT TO WHICH THE AD
APPLIES.

THE AVIATION PRODUCT IS


USUALLY IDENTIFIED BY
MAKE, MODEL, OR SERIAL
NUMBER
III-55
REMEMBER
NOT ALL ADS ARE WRITTEN WITH
A ONE TIME COMPLIANCE
ACTION!!!

MANY ADS HAVE RECURRING


OR REPETITIVE COMPLIANCE
REQUIREMENTS DUE TO THE
NATURE OF THE UNSAFE
III-56
CONDITION.
AIRWORTHINESS
DIRECTIVES
CHECK CURRENT SUMMARY FOR ADS
APPLICABLE TO AIRCRAFT, ENGINE,
PROPELLER, AND APPLIANCES

91.417(a)(2)(v) STATUS OF ADS


METHOD OF COMPLIANCE
AD NUMBER
REVISION DATE
RECURRING AD TIME/DATE DUE
Use of an AD Compliance listing is
recommended.
III-57
AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE COMPLIANCE LIST
N_______________
AIRCRAFT, ENGINE, PROPELLER, ROTOR, OR APPLIANCE Make_________ Model__________ S/N_________

O R
AD NO. REV. APPLICABLE S.B. DATE AND METHOD OF N E NEXT COMP AUTHORIZED
DATE OR SUBJECT HOURS AT COMPLIANCE C DUE DATE SIGNATURE
E
U
COMPLIANCE R HRS/CYCLE AND NUMBER
T R
I I
M N
E G

III-58
Airworthiness Directives may include specific
language as to how compliance with the AD is
to be performed.

Be sure to read the AD very close to


determine the action required and if you have
questions pertaining to the AD contact the
person at the phone number located at the
end of the AD.

III-59
85-20-01 XXXXXX: Letter issued September 27, 1985.
Applies to XXXXXX Model......
(a) Prior to further flight:
1) Deactivate...
2) Fabricate...
(b) Within 25 hours...
(c) The requirements of paragraph (a)...
(d) The airplane may be flown in
accordance with FAR 21.197 to a location
where this AD may be accomplished,
providing the cabin heat is not used during
flight.

(e) An equivalent method of compliance may be


III-60
used...
WHAT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY
TO AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES?

100 HOUR INSPECTIONS

ANNUAL INSPECTIONS

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS

OTHER REQUIRED OR
APPROVED INSPECTIONS AS
III-61
APPROPRIATE
IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO
DETERMINE BY INSPECTION OF
THE AIRCRAFT RECORDS AND
AIRCRAFT THAT COMPLIANCE WITH
ALL APPLICABLE ADS HAS BEEN
ACCOMPLISHED.

ANY NONCOMPLIANCE SHOULD BE


REPORTED TO THE AIRCRAFT
OWNER. IT IS THE OWNERS
RESPONSIBILITY FOR AD
COMPLIANCE
III-62 FAR 43.15(a)(1), 43.11(b), 91.403(a)
ARE
MANUFACTURER
SERVICE
BULLETINS
MANDATORY???
III-63
IF THE FAA DETERMINED THE SERVICE
BULLETIN SHOULD BECOME MANDATORY
BY LAW, THEN IT WILL BE ADDED TO THE

AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE

REVISION TO TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA


SHEET

REVISION TO AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

OPERATION SPECIFICATIONS

MANUFACTURERS INSPECTION PROGRAM


III-64 PREAMBLE TO 135.421
AIRCRAFT
INSPECTION
III-65 PROGRAMS
ANNUAL INSPECTIONS
REQUIRED FOR FAR PART 91 AND SOME AIR
CARRIER OPERATORS

REQUIRED EVERY 12 CALENDAR MONTHS

REPAIR STATIONS, AIR CARRIERS, OR THE


HOLDER OF AN IA MUST PERFORM THE
INSPECTION

PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH FAR PART 43


AND APPENDIX D OF FAR 43

III-66 FAR 43.7, 13, 15, 91.409


100 HOUR INSPECTIONS

+ REQUIRED FOR AIRCRAFT THAT


OPERATE FOR HIRE

+ AN A&P MECHANIC OR REPAIR STATION


MAY PERFORM THE INSPECTION

+ SIMILAR IN SCOPE AND DETAIL TO THE


ANNUAL INSPECTION

III-67 FAR 91.409(b) 43.3


PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS
* WRITTEN REQUEST MUST BE SUBMITTED TO
THE FAA
* MANUFACTURER, REPAIR STATION WITH
AIRFRAME RATING OR A&P MECHANIC WITH
AN INSPECTION AUTHORIZATION MAY
SUPERVISE OR CONDUCT THE INSPECTION
* PROVIDE A CURRENT INSPECTION
PROCEDURES MANUAL WHICH EXPLAINS:
* THE INSPECTION
* WHO IS RESPONSIBLE
* HOW RECORDS ARE MAINTAINED
* SCHEDULE OF INSPECTION INTERVALS
III-68 FAR 43.3, 91.409(b),(d)
PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS

COMPLETE INSPECTION IN 12
MONTHS

IF THE PROGRESSIVE INSPECTION


IS DISCONTINUED, THE
OWNER/OPERATOR SHALL NOTIFY
THE LOCAL FAA OFFICE

III-69 FAR 91.409(d)


PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS

Inspection schedule must insure


compliance with all applicable FAA
Specifications, type certificate data
sheets, airworthiness directives and
other approved data.
After the discontinuance of the
progressive inspection the next
annual inspection is due 12 calendar
months after the last complete
inspection.

III-70 FAR 91.409(d)


FAR PART 135 PROGRAMS
AIRCRAFT WITH NINE OR LESS SEATS

100-HOUR/ANNUAL

APPROVED AIRCRAFT
INSPECTION PROGRAM

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTION

III-71 FAR 135.411(a)(1), 135.419


INSPECTION
Requirements
Each person performing an
inspection required by Part
91, 123,125, or 135 shall
perform the inspection as to
determine whether the
aircraft or portions thereof
under inspection , meets all
applicable airworthiness
requirements.
III-72
Inspection
Requirements
Each person performing an inspection
or maintenance specified in an
Airworthiness Limitation section of the
manufacturers maintenance manual or
Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness shall perform the
inspection and other maintenance in
accordance with that section or in
accordance with the operation
specifications.
III-73
INSPECTION
CHECKLIST
Each person performing a 100
hour/annual inspection inspection
shall use a checklist while performing
the inspection,
May be the persons own design
One provided by the manufacturer
One obtained from another source
Must include the scope and detail of
the items in Appendix D of Part 43

III-74
Inspection Requirements
If the inspection is provided
for FAR 123, 125 or 135 or
91.409e you must perform
that inspection in
accordance with the
instructions and procedures
set forth in the inspection
program for the aircraft
being inspected.
III-75
Inspection
Records
Records of the 100-hour, annual,
progressive and other required or
approved inspections for each aircraft
(including the airframe) and each
engine, propeller, rotor and appliance
of the aircraft , the records must
include:
A description of the work performed.
The date the work was completed.
The signature and certificate number
of the person approving the aircraft
III-76 for return to service.
Inspection Records
Must contain the following information:
The total time in service of each
engine, each propeller and each rotor.
The current status of life-limited parts
of each airframe ,engine, each
propeller, and each rotor.
The time since overhaul of all items
installed on the aircraft which are
required to be overhauled on a
specified time basis.
III-77
Inspection Records
The current inspection status of the
aircraft, including the time since the
last inspection required by the
inspection program under which the
aircraft and its appliances are
maintained.
The current status of applicable
airworthiness directives (AD) including
for each, the method of compliance,
the AD number, and revision date. If
the AD involves recurring action, the
time and date when when the next
III-78
action is required.
Inspection Records

Except for a progressive inspection,


if the aircraft was found to be
airworthy and approved for return
to service the record entry must
include the following or similar
worded statement :
I certify that this aircraft has been
inspected in accordance with (insert
type) inspection and was
determined to be in an airworthy
condition.
III-79
UNAIRWORTHY

III-80
Inspection Records
Except for progressive inspections, if
the aircraft is not approved for return
to service because of needed
maintenance, noncompliance with
applicable specifications, airworthiness
directives, or other approved data - the
record must include the following or
similar worded statement: I certify that
this aircraft has been inspected in
accordance with (insert type)
inspection and a list of
discrepancies has been provided
III-81 for the aircraft owner or operator.
Inspection Records

For progressive inspections , the


following or similarly worded statement: I
certify that this aircraft has been inspected
in accordance with a progressive
inspection program, a routine inspection of
(identify aircraft or component) and a
detailed inspection of (Identify
components) were performed and the
(aircraft or components) are (approved or
disapproved) for return to service.
If disapproved , the entry will further
state , and a list of discrepancies have
III-82
been provided to the owner/operator.
Aircraft Inspections
The End

III-83