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Q uestion: W hat are the m ajor com ponents of a w eb brow s er?


D raw a neat diagram to explain them .

M u m b a i U n i v e r s i t y > i n f o r m a t i o n t e c h n o l o g y > s e m 4 > W e b P r o g ra m m i n g

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Yea r : Dec16
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modied 7 months ago written 7 months ago by

Ravina Israni (/u/1618/ravina-israni/) 40

B r o w s e r 's C o m p o n e n t s :

The browser's main components are :

1 . T h e u s e r i n t e r fa ce :

This includes the address bar, back/forward button, bookmarking menu, etc. Every
part of the browser display except the window where you see the requested page.

2 . T h e b ro w s e r e n g i n e : marshals actions between the UI and the rendering engine.

3 . T h e re n d e r i n g e n g i n e :
responsible for displaying requested content. For example if the requested content is
HTML, the rendering engine parses HTML and CSS, and displays the parsed content on
the screen.

4 . N et wo r k i n g :

For network calls such as HTTP requests, using dierent implementations for dierent
platform behind a platform-independent interface.

5 . U I ba c ke n d :

Used for drawing basic widgets like combo boxes and windows. This backend exposes
a generic interface that is not platform specific. Underneath it uses operating system
user interface methods.

6 . J a va S c r i pt i n te r p rete r.

Used to parse and execute JavaScript code.

7 . D a ta st o ra g e .

This is a persistence layer. The browser may need to save all sorts of data locally, such
as cookies. Browsers also support storage mechanisms such as localStorage,
IndexedDB, WebSQL and FileSystem.

It is important to note that browsers such as Chrome run multiple instances of the
rendering engine: one for each tab. Each tab runs in a separate process.
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