Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)?

IIT | MEDICAL | GATE | SSC | BANKING

1
SHARES

j
FREE STUDY MATERIALS SYLLABUS DOWNLOAD MCQS ONLINE TEST VOCABULARY

s
GLOSSARY BOOKS RECOMMENDED

h
f
b Fluid Mechanics

q Vortex Motion

Search Your Query Here

Custom Search

Search

Vortex Motion

Contents [hide]

1 Vortex Motion
1.1 Free Vortex Flow
1.2 Forced Vortex Flow
1.3 Variation of Pressure
1.4 Equation of Free Vortex Flow
1.5 Equation of Forced Vortex Flow
1.6 Differences between Free and Forced Vortex Flow

A whirling or rotating mass of fluid is called vortex flow.

The flow of the fluid in a curved path.
FREE STUDY MATERIALS SYLLABUS DOWNLOAD MCQS ONLINE TEST VOCABULARY

http://www.eazy-notes.com/vortex-motion-short-notes/ 1/6
11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)? Short & Conceptual Notes

GLOSSARY BOOKS RECOMMENDED

Free Vortex Flow
In this flow fluid mass rotates due to the conservation of angular momentum. The velocity profile is inversely
proportional to the radius.

v r = constant

The point at the centre of rotation is called singular point, where velocity approaches to infinite. An example of free
1
vortex motion is whirling mass of liquid in a wash basin, whirlpool in the river etc.

Points to remember:

No external torque or energy is required.

In free vortex flow, Bernoullis equation can be applied.

Forced Vortex Flow

When a fluid is rotated about a vertical axis at a constant speed, such every particle of it has the same angular velocity,
the motion is known as the forced vortex.

v=r

h = 2r2/2g

Volume of paraboloid = 1/2 r2 h

= 1/2 of volume
FREE STUDY MATERIALS of circumscribing
SYLLABUS cylinder

http://www.eazy-notes.com/vortex-motion-short-notes/ 2/6
11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)? Short & Conceptual Notes

The surface profile of a forced vortex flow is parabolic.

Forced vortex requires a constant supply of external energy or torque.

An example of forced vortex flow is rotating cylinder and flow inside the centrifugal pump.

Variation
1 of Pressure

Fig. 2- Pressure Variation

dp = (v2/r) dr g dz

Equation of Free Vortex Flow

We know for free vortex v r = constant = k

and dp = (v2/r) dr g dz

On Integration for point 1 to point 2

dp = [{(k2)/r3 } dr] g dz

P1 + v12 + gz1 = P2 + v22 + gz2 (Bernoullis Equation is applicable in Free Vortex)

FREE STUDY MATERIALS SYLLABUS DOWNLOAD MCQS ONLINE TEST VOCABULARY

http://www.eazy-notes.com/vortex-motion-short-notes/ 3/6
11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)? Short & Conceptual Notes

GLOSSARY BOOKS RECOMMENDED

Equation of Forced Vortex Flow
We know for free vortex v/r = = constant

dp = [(2r2)/r] dr + g dz

On Integration for point 1 to point 2

1
dp = 2 r dr + g dz

On Putting v = r

Free Vortex Flow Forced Vortex Flow

No external torque i.e. torque required to rotate is External torque is required to rotate the fluid mass.
zero.

We know T = d (mvr)/dt = constant

and since T = 0,So, mvr = constantor v r = constant v/r = constant
(mass is constant)

Search

j s h f b q o 1
SHARES

FREE STUDY MATERIALS SYLLABUS DOWNLOAD MCQS ONLINE TEST VOCABULARY

http://www.eazy-notes.com/vortex-motion-short-notes/ 4/6
11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)? Short & Conceptual Notes

GLOSSARY BOOKS RECOMMENDED

1
Working of Centrifugal Pump Notes on Dimensional Analysis

Free Study Materials

Syllabus

MCQs

Online Test

Vocabulary

Glossary

Books Recommended
FREE STUDY MATERIALS SYLLABUS DOWNLOAD MCQS ONLINE TEST VOCABULARY

http://www.eazy-notes.com/vortex-motion-short-notes/ 5/6
11/18/2017 What is Vortex Motion (Free and Forced)? Short & Conceptual Notes

The main idea behind this website is Mechanical

Study Notes
to amalgamate the study materials SSC
Like Page 353 likes
with basic notes that are theoretically SSC Maths
as well as practically feasible for the Practice Sets
aspirants. Be the first of your friends to like this
1 Eazy Notes provides notes Quiz
right from the basics, which helps in Free e-books
increasing the grip and confidence of Hand-Written Notes
the student on the subject. It provides Objective Questions
notes of Mechanical Engineering,
class X, XI and XII (Science), and
SSC & Banking. The notes are in a KINDLY FOLLOW US
concise form so that students (teachers
too) can brush up the formulas and
important concepts required before