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Score for this quiz: 30 out of 30

This attempt took 49 minutes.

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which of the following statements regarding Hispanic New Mexico is FALSE?

By the 1870s, the government of New Mexico was dominated by territorial rings of
Anglo business people and politicians.

Taos Indians, allied with Navajos and Apaches, forced out Anglo-Americans until 1847.

The Spanish had had settlements in the area since the seventeenth century.

At the time of the Mexican War, Hispanics greatly outnumbered Anglo-Americans.

Descendants of the original settlers engaged primarily in cattle and sheep ranching.

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
In the 1840s and 1850s, in the Far West, the response by white Americans to the

depended mainly on whether the white American was pro-slavery or antislavery.

moved from initial hostility to gradual acceptance.

was one of consistent hostility.

moved from initial acceptance to gradual hostility.

was one of consistent acceptance.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
The Chinese from California became the major source of labor for the transcontinental
railroad in part because

most were experienced in railroad construction.

their more well-established unions won the railroad contracts.

most were forced into working for the railroads.

they had no other employment prospects.

they worked for lower wages than what whites would accept.

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

was only applied in California.

resulted in the deportation of half of the Chinese in the United States.

had little effect on the size of the Chinese population in America.

banned Chinese in the United States from becoming naturalized citizens.

was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
The Comstock Lode primarily produced





Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Women in nineteenth-century western mining towns

generally worked as miners.

often found work doing domestic tasks.

had few economic opportunities outside of prostitution.

were nearly all single when they first arrived.

often greatly outnumbered the men.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
The western cattle industry saw Mexican ranchers first develop

leather chaps.

All these answers are correct.



Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Early in 1866, a massive joint cattle drive from Texas to Missouri

established a link to the booming urban markets of the East.

both proved that cattle could be driven to distant markets, and established a link to the
booming urban markets of the East.

All these answers are correct.

saw the herds suffer heavy losses.

proved that cattle could be driven to distant markets.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
In the late nineteenth century, range wars in the West were often between

white American ranchers and farmers.

white Americans and Indians.

white American ranchers and Mexican ranchers.

individual white American ranchers and large American ranching corporations.

white American ranchers and Chinese ranchers.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
In The Significance of the Frontier in American History, Frederick Jackson Turner

most of the frontier land was of little practical use for Americans.

that the end of the frontier also marked the end of one of the most important
democratizing forces in American life.

the western wars between whites and Indians were a national disgrace.

the frontier had repressed individualism, nationalism, and democracy in America.

the United States should expand its northern and southern borders into Canada and
Mexico to create new frontier land.

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
The decimation of American buffalo herds in the late nineteenth century

destroyed the ability of Plains Indians to resist the advance of white settlers.

was fostered by the railroad companies.

was accelerated by the eastern fad of owning a buffalo robe.

All these answers are correct.

happened almost entirely in the space of a single decade.

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887

reaffirmed tribal ownership of western lands in the face of white claims to it.

ended the U.S. governments effort to assimilate Indian tribes.

denied U.S. citizenship to landowning Indian adults.

was intended to preserve traditional Indian culture.

was designed to force Indians to become landowners and farmers.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
In the late nineteenth century, the surge of farming settlement in the West

spurred the development of massive irrigation projects.

was composed of mostly settlers who had little to no experience with farming.

was a result of many factors, but the most important was the railroad.

was primarily the result of federal subsidies for land ownership.

was brought to a dramatic halt by a major drought during the 1870s.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
During the mid-nineteenth century, Hispanics living in California

lost ownership of large areas of lands.

saw an expansion in the power of californios.

joined with white Americans to drive out Indians.

attempted to revive the Spanish mission society.

increasingly became part of the states middle class.

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
During the nineteenth century, in the Far West the term coolie

was a slang term for prostitutes in mining towns.

was an epithet used by whites to describe members of Chinese tongs.

was a description for all Asian immigrants.

applied to all non-Indians who came to the Far West before the California gold rush.

referred to Chinese indentured servants.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
In the 1870s in the Far West, the largest single Chinese community was located in


San Francisco.


Los Angeles.
San Diego.

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Chinese tongs were

secret societies.



indentured servants.

community officials.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
By 1900, one of the three American territories in the contiguous United States that had
NOT been granted statehood was

South Dakota.




Question 19
1 / 1 pts
In the second half of the nineteenth century, the working class in the western economy

All these answers are correct.

highly stratified along racial lines.

paid higher wages than workers in the East.

both highly multiracial and paid higher wages than workers in the East.

highly multiracial.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
In the late nineteenth century, which of the following was NOT a major western
industry that relied on the East for markets and capital?



commercial farming


fur trading
Question 21
1 / 1 pts
Mining in the West

saw individual prospectors move in first, followed by corporations.

kept ranchers and farmers from establishing their own economic base.

saw corporations move in first, followed by individual prospectors.

flourished until the 1930s.

did not see any great mineral strikes until after the Civil War.

Question 22
1 / 1 pts
The town that reigned as the railhead of the cattle kingdom for many years was

Dallas, Texas.

Deadwood, South Dakota.

Abilene, Kansas.

Omaha, Nebraska.

Sedalia, Missouri.

Question 23
1 / 1 pts
The Rocky Mountain school of painting
was a significant influence on the abstract art that would soon flourish in Europe.

emphasized the primitive art of Indians and other indigenous peoples.

marked a sharp departure from the artistic style of the Hudson River Valley painters.

first gained popular acceptance in the early twentieth century.

helped inspire the growth of tourism in the West.

Question 24
1 / 1 pts
In Owen Wisters novel, The Virginian (1902), the American cowboy was

criticized for being too quick to use violence.

lamented as having lost his innocence and decency.

seen as fast disappearing, as urbanization spread west.

portrayed as a simple and virtuous frontiersman.

castigated for his poor relations with Indians, Mexicans, and Chinese.

Question 25
1 / 1 pts
In the 1850s, the U.S. policy of concentration for Indians

affirmed and continued the previous federal treatment of Indians.

had many benefits for both whites and Indians.

set the basis for Indian policy for the rest of the century.
reduced conflicts between whites and Indians.

assigned all tribes to their own defined reservations.

Question 26
1 / 1 pts
The 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn

took place in Wyoming.

was a short-lived Indian victory.

marked the start of prolonged warfare in the Dakotas.

saw the Sioux united under Sitting Bull and Geronimo.

saw the destruction of the entire Seventh Cavalry.

Question 27
1 / 1 pts
In 1886, the end of formal warfare between the United States and American Indians
was marked by the surrender of

Mangas Colorados.



Sitting Bull.

Question 28
1 / 1 pts
In the late nineteenth century, fences for Plains farms were usually made from


barbed wire.




Question 29
1 / 1 pts
In the late nineteenth century, regarding western agriculture,

American farm families were relatively unaffected by the effects of world production.

commercial farmers were not self-sufficient and made little effort to become so.

the reality of farming was very much like its popular image with the public.

farmers increasingly owned the land on which they worked.

the prices paid for American farm goods rose after the 1880s.

Question 30
1 / 1 pts
During the late nineteenth century, Plains farm life

often lacked any access to the outside world.

was marked by active community life.

All these answers are correct.

became increasingly profitable for most.

was generally admired by the growing urban public.