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Civics

and
Economics
EOC
Exam Review Packet

Directions: This packet contains a combination of mind maps and practice questions. You need
to complete the packet using your knowledge, notes, review reading packets, textbook and
other resources. This is due when you take the Civics and Economic Exam in June. No late
packets will be accepted and the packet will count as two test grades. Depending on time you
may have some class time to work on it, but it is your responsibility to complete the packet
regardless of any amount of class time. Copying is not an option, you can work together—
meaning that you and a partner work on the material together not divide and copy. As you
should take the EOC seriously, you should take this packet seriously. This packet contains all
the major topics that will appear on the exam and is designed for your success on the exam.
Grading: You will me graded on completeness, accuracy, thoroughness, quality, handing it in
on time, and presentation. This packet is due at the EOC and will not be taken late!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
There is no point to take it after the exam—it is meant to prepare you for it!!!! It will count as
two test grades—meaning that you can greatly help you 4th quarter grade by doing an excel-
lent job on this packet.
Final Note: Complaining only wastes time!!!!!! I wouldn’t have taken the time to create this
if I wasn’t sure that completing it and studying it would lead to your success!!!!!

Goal 1-Colonial America
___B__1. slavery
A. equality B. involuntary servitude C. indentured servant
__B___2. gave us a two house legislature—one based on population and one based on equality
A. slave trade compromise B. great compromise c. trade compromise
___B__3. geographic region of colonial America that relied on large plantations, slave labor, and few commercial
centers for their economic existence
A. Middle B. Southern C. New England
__A___4. name of the colonial document that established direct democracy
A. Mayflower Compact B. Declaration of Independence C. House of Burgesses
___C__5. name for the group of colonists who damaged the property of Great Britain in a purposeful raid
A. Green Mountain Men B. Boston Massacre C. Sons of Liberty D. Daughters of Liberty
__D___6. name for the governmental system that divides the power structure between a central government and a
state government
A. dictatorship B. oligarchy C. rule of law D. federalism
__A__7. in what written document did Thomas Paine make a case for the independence of America from Great
Britain
A. Common Sense B. Declaration of Independence C. Federalist Papers D. Gazette
__D__8. which plan helped the delegates to the Constitutional Convention come to agreement on a new document
A. 3/5ths Compromise B. Jew Jersey Plan C. Virginia Plan D. Great Compromise
__A___9. under what type of interpretation of the Constitution does the “necessary and proper” clause belong
A. loose interpretation B. strict interpretation C. constructionist interpretation
___A__10. first 10 amendments to the Constitution are
A. Bill of Rights B. Demands C. Supply D. Supremacy Clause
__A___11. pro-state’s rights
A. Anti-Federalists B. Federalists C. Democrats D. Republicans

Northern Middle Southern
Geography Geography Geography
New Hampshire Pennsylvania Maryland
Massachusetts New York Virginia
Rhode Island Delaware North Carolina
Connecticut New Jersey South Carolina
Georgia
Economics Economics Economics
Harbor, Agricultural, Indus- Agricultural
Farming and Fishing trialize Cash Crops

Social Social Social

Puritans/Pilgrims Diverse ethnicities Farmers
Quakers
Great Awakening
Scientific Revolution
Who Settled and Why Who Settled and Why Who Settled and Why

Religious Dissenters Religious Dissenters Debtors
Investors Investors

Document How it laid the foundation for American Democracy/
Law
Magna Carta Nobles forced the king to sign the document—limiting the
power of the monarchy (limited government)
Parliament Legislative branch of Great Britain—the idea of represen-
tative government
Common Law Law from custom, tradition, and judicial decisions-the ideas
of a legal system
English Bill of Rights Limits the power of the monarchy (limited government) -
Idea that people have rights and they are recorded

House of Burgesses First legislature in the New World—in Virginia, 1st colo-
nial attempt at self government
Mayflower Compact 1st written colonial constitution-social contract of the Pil-
grims—direct democracy
Roman Law Early forms of law very strict
Jurisprudence– science of law

Event Explain how it caused of the American Revolutionary War

French and Indian War War from 1756 to 1763 between France and Great Britain for su-
premacy in North Carolina (caused colonial heavy taxation-led to
American Revolution)
Proclamation of 1763 British statement that colonists could not settle west of the Appa-
lachian Mountains.
Quartering Act British 1760s law requiring colonists to supply the basic needs of
British soldiers—3rd amendment protects Americans from this.
Stamp Act British law placing a tax on printed colonial matter: PAPER
PRODUCTS
Declatory Act British act of Parliament declaring its right to tax and legislate
over the colonies WITHOUT colonial representation. (no taxa-
tion without representation)
Boston Massacre Violent confrontation between British troops and colonists. Cri-
pus Attucks first Afr. Am. to die, 5 colonist murdered
Boston Tea Party Protests by the Sons of Liberty against the British. Colonists
dressed up as Indians and threw tea overboard. Led by Samuel
Adams
Intolerable Acts/ British laws in response to the Boston Tea Party (took away the
Coercive Acts colonists’ civil rights)
Common Sense Written by Thomas Paine, that called for independence from
Great Britain.
Navigation Acts British laws requiring that American goods be exported in Brit-
ish ships (mercantilism)
Author(s) of the Decla- Thomas Jefferson—John Locke’s ideas
ration of Independence signed July 4, 1776
and Date it was adopted

3 Main Ideas of the 1. unalienable rights– life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
Declaration of Inde-
pendence

2. Grievances against the King of England. Listed the many
abused the colonists suffered under the British king.

3. Right to revolt because the treatment they had received under
British rule contradicted the purpose of Government

Weaknesses Strengths

 No president/executive United 13 colonies into the United
branch States of America
 No single leader Articles of
 Could not enforce laws Defeated the British
or taxes Confederation
 No power to regulate Solved the issue of the Northwest
trade Territory with three laws: Land
 9 out 13 to make laws Ordinances and Northwest Ordi-
 All 13 to make changes nances

Rebellion by farmers against which President George Wash-
Shay’s Rebellion ington used federal power and troops Farmers were heavily
taxed because the Federal Government did not have power to
tax

Virginia Plan Compromise Commerce and Slave Trade
Representation based on (Connecticut
population Plan) North: wanted Congress to ban the
3 branch govern- external slave trade.
ment
Bicameral legisla-
ture (Congress) South: slavery was vital to their
New Jersey Plan
Senate (2 per state) economy
House (population)
1 representative per state
Compromise

Compromise Slave Trade banned after
3/5ths 1808
North did not want Count Slaves 3/5
slaves to be counted for of a person
representation in Con-
gress
Constitutional
South slaves to be Convention: A Bundle
counted for representa-
tion in Congress of Compromises

6th ___D__20. 19th __D___15. 21st B. right to speedy. Equal Justice D. public trial by jury. 2nd C. Right to vote—African Americans A. 19th D. 24th __C___17. TLO v. Vitale B. 10th C. Fergusson C. Mapp v. 14th B. the people. Goal 2-Constitution __B___1.State B. Elected __B___5. 17th __A___18.Plessy v. 18th B. National D. Capital Punishment D. Prevents government from claiming people’s only rights are those listed in the Bill of Rights A. 9th C. 15th D. 18th B. A/An _______to the Constitution is the only way a Supreme Court Decision can be overturned A. Level of government that runs the post office. Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. Judicial C. 16th ___B__25. Executive D. Gideon v. 24th B. A. Wainwright D. right to bear arms.Plea Bargaining B. 6th D.Wallace v. Baker v. 20th C. Arizona D.6th B. Amendment C. Consensus __B___8. A. 23rd D. 15th C. Federal Judges are A.Amendment B. 10th D.7th B. A. instead of state legislatures elect US Senators A. Jaffree B. 15th D. Branch of government that can declare laws unconstitutional. 2nd B. State ___A__9. 18th C. Executive __C___2. 18th D. Sheriff D. 13th B. Judicial C.Appropriations B. 20th __D___22. Arizona B.. 9th B. 4th B. Supreme Court Case that said you had a right to an attorney. A.Plea Bargain B. Marbury v. Income tax A. 3rd C. Ohio C. protection from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment A. Supreme Court Case that said evidence can not be used if it is illegally obtained. A. 21st C.Executive B.City Council B. Carr C. 10th ___A__19. Plessy v. protects Americans from unreasonable search and seizure A.Executive B. Consensus C. 26th D. Mapp v. 16th __D___26. 13th __A___16. National C. Supreme court case said that a suspect must be read their rights A. 7th D.4th C. repealed Prohibition A. Level of government that protects from military attack. New Jersey ___B__13. 23rd D. Miranda v. General Assembly __C___4. Fergusson D. Brown v. 10th B. 13th D 19th __B___14. 20th B. 15th D. Citizen’s Rights.Miranda v. Supreme Court Case that said separate but equal was okay. A. Ohio ___B__11. Board of Education C. Civil Rights. DesMoines D. Fergusson B. State __B___3. abolished slavery A. Consensus C. right to vote—women A. A. 7th D. 17th ___D__21. 18th C. Spending of government funds A. 8th _B____24. 20th B. Legislative D. 8th C. 20th D. Madison __B___7. Annexation __C___10. 4th ___D__23.Engle v. 22nd C. A. Appointed D. 6th C. Judicial Review __C___6. Branch of Government checking the Legislative and Executive branch through Judicial Review. right to have an attorney—criminal cases A. Tinker v. Sheriff __B___12. Supreme Court Case that said Separate but Equal is not Equal A. Plessy v. Judicial C. Equal Rights (Equal protection of the law+due process) A. Judicial C. 5th C. Reserved D. A. limits the President to a maximum of TWO elected terms A. 16th .

9th B. 17th C. 20th D. part of the Constitution A. Vice-President __B___42. factors of production __A___47. Supremacy Clause C. Bill of Rights D. trial by jury—civil cases A. Party Whip __A___46. eminent domain. 26th __C___36. leaders of the House of Representatives/most powerful person in Congress A. setting up prisons A. 3rd C. Delegated Powers __C___38. 17th C. 7th B. Makes Congressional pay raises take effect during the term following their passage A. double jeopardy A. White House C. Anti-Federalism __A___49. 27th ___B__29. most of the work in Congress takes place in A. 24th B. and other officials are tried by the A. Bill of Rights B. assembly. Legislative Branch __A___41. same thing as Necessary and Proper Clause A. government may not require housing of troops during peacetime (Quartering) A. 10th __C___33. Chief Diplomat. Parole ___B__44. Judicial Review C. Commander in Chief. 2nd D. Infastructure __A___43. 5th C. judicial D. 7th C. federalism B. Goal 2-Constitution __D___27. 22nd D. 7th D. setting up a Post Office. 5th B. press. Examples of this are setting up courts. System of government where powers are divided between national and state governments A. 15th B. the president. grand jury. 20th C. protection from self-incrimination. 29th __D___34. Enumerated Powers B. legislative B. Abolished Poll taxes in National Elections A. 1st C. Concurrent Powers B. petition) A. National C. powers not given to the national government or denied to the states go to the states or the people A. State D. Senate B. speech. 5th __B___31. House B. Congress B. President D. Special Vote taken to end a Filibuster in the Senate A. 23rd C. Command Economy B. Congress D. The president can negotiate treatise with foreign nations but this must approve them A. 15th D. Speaker C. 16th C. Highest authority in the US A. Constitution D. General Assembly . The President’s power to veto an act of Congress is an example of A. 10th B. 24th ___D__28. Elastic Clause __C___37. Presidential Veto __A___48. Elastic Clause D. 14th D. Examples of this are maintaining and Army. leads the Senate on a daily basis A. Legislative Powers C. Freedoms (religion. President D. Capital Punishment B. Taxes D. Absentee Vote C. 3rd D. Plea Bargain D. Committee D. States __C___45. President Pro Tempora B. Post Office __A___50. Supreme Court C. 18th __D___32. Establishment Clause C. and printing Money A. Senate Pro Tempora C. 13th D. Legislative Veto D. Branch of government that enforces laws or sees that they are carried out A. Senate C. Legislative leader. Vice-:President C. Bill of Rights ___B__39. Senate majority leader D. Cloture Vote B. 3rd __A___35. Chief of State are roles of A. the vice president. executive C. Allows Washington DC residents to vote for President and Vice President A. President D. “Lame Duck” Amendment A. Supreme Court D. 26th __B___30. Upon impeachment. 21st B. Opportunity cost B. 16th B. Elastic Clause C. Party leader. Speaker B. collecting taxes. Checks and Balances C. 16th D. state __C___40. Due process. 2nd B. Speaker of the House B.

Limited Government D. Elastic Clause B. Gideon C. Separation of Powers __C___62. President B. principle of the US government that states there are certain powers the government should not have A. Federalism __A___60. Gideon D. Federal B. Engel C. powers that are suggested by the necessary and proper clause A. Enumerated Powers are powers granted to this level of government A. Supreme Court Case—Burning the US flag is a right A. Judicial Review __B___53. Repeals D. Supremacy Clause C. Bill of Rights C. Executive Branch C. Goal 2-Constitution ___C__51. Mapp B. Brown B. and 18 year olds were granted the right to vote by Constitutional A. Korematsu B. Expressed Powers are powers granted to this level of government A. Miranda B. Nixon C. Mapp C. Popular Sovereignty B. Judicial Branch B. Popular Sovereignty B. principle of the US government that divides government into 3 branches A. the Federal ________decides which to uphold A. Gideon D. State __B___57. Texas C. Brown __B___69. Federalists . Supremacy B. Review __B___58. Article 2 __A___64. Preamble B. Principle of the US government that means the people have the right to rule themselves A. Declaration of Indep. Plessy D. Commander in Chief of the Military A. gerrymandering B. Abington D. Gideon C. Federalism C. Brown __B___67. Establishment Clause D. Appeals B. Marbury __A___65. Preamble B. Supreme Court Case—Separate but Equal is Unconstitutional A. Federal B. Constitution D. Federalism C. Necessary and Proper _B____63. Delegated powers are powers granted to this level of government A. Vice-President C. Mapp B. Amendments C. Anti-Federalists B. African Americans. Necessary and Proper D. Supreme Court Case—president cannot claim executive privilege to withhold evidence of a crime A. Highest authority in the US A. 25 years __A___75. McCulloch __B___68. Brown B. Supreme Court Case—legal counsel must be provided regardless of ability to pay A. population C. Federal B. Supreme Court Case—Japanese Internment Camps were okay during WWII A. Women. Scott C. none D. Separation of Powers _C____61. Brown __B___66. State __A___56. _B____52. favored states rights A. tax records D. part of the Constitution that states the Federal laws are higher than the State laws A. Abington B. equal __A (B)___74. Miranda __A___71. Enumerated Powers D. Gideon C. Bill of Rights C. Plessy D. How long a person US citizen must live in the US before running for President A. Supreme Court Case—Prayer in public schools cannot be forced A. 35 years B. Speaker D. lawyers __A___59. Nixon __A___72. 14 years C. Implied Powers C. Supreme Court Case—No reading from the Bible in public schools A. Number of seats a state has in the House of Representatives is determined by A. Article 1 D. Executive Branch B. Brown __B___70. part of the Constitution that states the government could not establish a government church A. Judicial Branch C. Abington B. the purpose of this was to prevent abuse of power by the government A. Majority Whip __B___73. TLO D. Gideon D. Plessy D. Reserved Powers __B___54. When rights guaranteed by the Constitution conflict. Legislative Branch D. State __A___55. Separation of Powers B. Supreme Court Case—evidence obtained illegally without a search warrant cannot be used in trial A.

Anti-Federalists John Jay Debate At The What were their beliefs about the role of Govern- Constitutional ment: Convention Believed in a strong national government Anti-Federalists Who were they: Thomas Jefferson. Communist Party divine power to rule . Who were they: James Madison. Patrick Henry What were their beliefs about the role of Government: Limited federal powers—-Believed in State Right’s What made them finally agree to the Constitution? Bill of Rights Aristocracy Autocracy Small rich class. Alexander Hamilton. no. Federalists Federalist vs. Rule by a dictator bility often with a E.g.g Cuba strong voice in gov- ernment Types of Government Oligarchy Theocracy Political rule by a few families or group Given by God the E.

Federalism Checks and Balances Powers shared between federal Branches of the government can and state government restrict each others’ powers Principles Popular Sovereignty of the Power of the government Constitution comes from the people “consent of the govern” Separation of Powers Dividing the powers of the Limited Government govt. among the executive legislative. records. State laws must abide federal laws Free Exercise Clause: 1st Amendment Guaranteeing freedom of religious worship Establishment Clause: 1st amendment Forbidding Congress to make a law that established a re- ligion . Constitution required stated to recognize the laws. No one is above the Constitution. and judicial deci- sions of other states Power of the Federal Government in the Supremacy Clause: Article 6 Constitution The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land. Full Faith and Credit Clause: Article 4 of the Constitution. and judicial Government Powers restricted branches by the people Necessary and Proper Clause Article 1 section 8 Congress is given the power of loose interpretation.

emi- nent domain. ex- cessive bail 9th Amendment: unmentioned rights 10th Amendment: Reserved Powers e. education. religion. marriage. right to attorney 7th Amendment: Right to a jury in CIVIL CASES 8th Amendment: Protection against cruel and unusual punishment. and double jeopardy 6th Amendment: speedy and public trial. professional certification Double Jeopardy: can not try a person for the same crime twice Grand Jury: analyze the evidence and issue an indictment . press. divorce. petition. and assem- bly 2nd Amendment: Right to bear arms (owning of Guns) 3rd Amendment: Quartering of Soldiers 4th Amendment: Privacy Act (search warrant) protection against of ille- gal search and seizures 5th Amendment: self-incrimination.g. Bill of Rights 1st Amendment: Freedom of speech. grand jury. due process of law.

self-incrimination. (Vietnam War) double jeopardy. Protection from cruel and unusual punishment. Right to an attorney 8. excessive fines Amendments that Address Equality Post-Civil War Amendments 13: abolish slavery 13: abolish slavery 14: Citizenship and due process of law 14: Citizenship and due process of on state level law on state level 15: Black males’ suffrage 15: Black males’ suffrage 19: Women’s suffrage Hopefully you are using the multiple choice to help you fill in the organ- izers– and vice- versa!!!!!!!!!!! . Identify and Summarize the Amendments that apply to the headings: Amendments that address the Amendments that Address Amendments that Address President Voting Rights Rights of the Accused 20: inauguration date of the President 15: Black males gain suffrage 4: privacy amendment 22: limit president to two terms 19: Women gain suffrage 5: Eminent domain. grand 25: Presidential succession act 26: Voting age changed from 21 to 18 jury. due proc- ess 6: Right to speedy and public trail.

Constitutional Powers Worksheet Use your brain. X tion Standards Create Lower X Courts Create Divorce X Courts Try people accused X of a crime Create and main. Power Expressed/ Implied Enumerated Concurrent Reserved To Tax X Create Municipal X Courts Foreign Affairs X Call out military X Appoint Judges X Tax refunds X Declare war X Regulate commerce X Necessary/Proper X Clause Regulate Postage X Price Build Roads X Establish Marriage X Laws Drivers license age X Establish Post Of. X tional Amendments Create a Budget X Establish Gradua. X tain military . review packet and the textbook to complete this worksheet. X fice Ratify Constitu.

can refuse to approve Checks on treaties Executive Legislative Can impeach judges Checks on Can reject appointment of judges Judicial . can reject appointments.Branch Members of the Branch Functions/roles/jobs Legislative Makes laws Congress Executive Enforces laws President Executive Office of President Cabinet Judicial Interpret laws Supreme Court and Federal Court System Judicial Checks Can declare presidential actions unconstitutional on Executive Judicial Checks Can declare acts of legislature unconstitutional on Legislative Executive Checks Can veto legislation on Legislative Executive Checks Can appoints judges on Judicial Legislative Impeachment process. can override veto.

Organization/Structure of Leadership Positions in each Special Powers/Jobs of Congress— House each House House and Senate Senate President Pro Tempore Approve treaties. all presi- 100 members dential appointments 2 per state Decide the verdict in the Im- peachment process Speaker of the House House of Representatives 435 members Impeachment process begins in the House Majority and Minority Leaders Party Whips Committee Chairpersons Federal Court System Supreme Court— Federal District Court — US Court of Appeals— Jurisdiction: Jurisdiction: original Jurisdiction: appellate Limited original and appellate Examples: Examples: Examples: Judges and Juries Judges Justices NO Jury No Jury .

check on the work of the dif. write bills. NSC ( National Security 3. Head of State: represents the U. Department of Homeland 2. Chief Executive: enforces laws 5. Turn laws into action E. with foreign leaders and ceremonial leader 4. ferent agencies. can people. Party Leader: head of his or her political party 2. Federal Executive Branch Roles of the President—Identify each role and explain what he does 1. Economic Leader: implementing the nation’s economic policies Executive Departments—Identify and Explain their Role Cabinet/Executive EOP/White House Office Independent Agencies Departments Assist the president Assist the president Carry out the many pro- grams that Congress has Advise the president on issues Prepare reports. Chief Diplomat: handle foreign policy 7. Regulate various activities Council) CEA (Council of Economic Advisors) White House Office . 1. Administer the day to day Security OMB( Office of Management operations of the federal and Budget) government. Commander in Chief: leader of the military 6. and write 15 cabinet departments budgets.g. created to serve the Ameri- related to their departments. Legislative Leader: propose legislation to Congress 3.S.

Federalism Federal government has the Ogden Property Rights right to regulate interstate com- The Judiciary merce 1832 Worcester v. Judicial Review The Judiciary Demonstrates the power of the Judicial Branch 1819 McCulloch v. Civil Liberties United States Cannot obstruct US govn’t business during wartime 1944 Korematsu v. Supreme Court Year Name of Case Constitutional Why Decision is Important Principal 1803 Marbury Separation of v. The Judiciary Property can not sue for free- Sanford Equality dom 1896 Plessy v. Equality Ferguson Right of Minor. OKAY to separate the races ity Groups “separate but equal” 1919 Schenck v. Federalism Federal power overrides state Maryland National Power power. Civil Liberties United States Rights of Reinforced power of executive Minority groups orders . Federalism Native Americans are entitled Georgia National Power to federal protection from the Separation of actions of state government Powers Equality 1857 Scott v. 1824 Gibbons v. The Judiciary States can not tax federal banks. Madison Powers Est.

Evidence found without a cused search warrant can not be used in court.. Carr Avenues of Rep- resentation Federal courts can intervene in Federalism reapportionment of Congres- sional districts 1962 Engel v. Civil Liberties lanta Motel v.1954 Brown v. Rights of Incrimination the Accused Miranda rights: Right to remain Civil Liberties silent……. Criminal yer during interrogation Procedures 1966 Miranda v. Criminal Proce. STITUTIONAL Education ity groups Segregation ends 1961 Mapp v. Rights of the Ac. Board Equality Separate but equal is UNCON- of Rights of Minor. Civil Liberties 6th amendment: right to an at- Wainwright Rights of the Ac. Suspects have a right to a law- linois cused. 1962 Baker v. Vitale Civil Liberties 1st amendment: Prayer State can not enforce an official School Prayer 1963 Gideon v. Ohio Civil Liberties 4th amendment: Privacy Rights of the Ac. 1969 Tinker v. Federal government can inter- United States vene to end segregation 1964 Escobedo v. Des Civil Liberties 1st amendment: freedom of Moines School speech District Symbols are considered free- dom of speech . 5th amendment: Self- Arizona dures. torney cused 1963 Reynolds v. Il. Apportionment State legislative districts had to Sims Racial Equality be equal in population 1964 Heart of At.

14th amendment University of tion California v. 8th amendment Georgia ment The death penalty is unconsti- tutional in CERTAIN cases 1974 United States Separation of President’s Executive Privilege v.O 1986 Bethel School Freedom of Schools can prohibit speech District v. Kuhlmeier of Press 1989 Texas v. John. Freedom of Protects flag-burning at politi- son Speech and Ex. Capital Punish. cal “speech” pression 1993 Shaw v.L. Capital Punish. Reno Reapportion. according to Voting Racial Equality Rights Act 1997 Leandro v. 8th amendment Georgia ment Death penalty is not always unconstitutional 1978 Regents of the Affirmative Ac. Race can be considered in re- ment districting. Fraser of Students 1988 Hazelwood Rights of Stu. Rights that violates values of educ. Civil Liberties 4th amendment: Privacy T. Education NC students have a right to an North Carolina Power of Judici. Speech. education ary Equality .1972 Furman v. Equality Bakke Racial Discrep- ancies 1985 New Jersey v. School publications can be School District dents. Freedom censored v. Nixon Powers can not be used to conceal a crime 1976 Gregg v.

concurrent powers C. democracy B. They pay the costs of basic police and fire protection A. State D. zoning laws D. Criminals D. absentee ballot D. real estate value __B___22. elected B. fired __A___20. executive D. set rules for marriage and divorce are A. level of government that is responsible for a local sewage treatment facility A. marriage laws A. taxing B. chief executives C. judicial branch C. ordinance D. Volunteer programs _B____7. executive ___B__21. annexation C. County Commission B. to conduct elections. reserved powers B. powers that go to the state—setting high school graduation requirements. if a waste dump is built in your city this would be hurt A. Zoning Ordinance B. Reserved Powers B. gerrymandering C.Goal 3– State and Local Government ___C__1. legislator D. Legislative __B___4. Sheriff B. A mayor. Recall and Re-votes C. Recall. tow n hall D. building codes C. Enforces laws in the county A. Legislative Powers D. When a city adds a neighborhood or geographic area to the city A. largest source of revenue for local governments A. Taxpayers D. a local law A. Referendum. Citizens ___A__9. polling __A___18. Citizens D. meant to ensure buildings are safe A. Governor __A___10. permits __B___23. tariffs B. hired D. 14 years ___C__12. Local Chief Executive that is hired. county B. Dividing a state into odd shaped districts for political reasons A. Senate B. Manager __A___5. State judges are A. he/she can be fired A. and Petition are 3 ways these can influence legislation A. judicial __A___19. judge __D___6. state C. Department of Judiciary _A____3. Enforces laws in the city A. Contracts C. Red Cross B. Manager D. fees D. Criminal B. Governor C. parole . General Assembly ____C_2. Citizens __A___8. types of laws that regulate the kinds of buildings that can be built in particular areas A. Elected B. Manager D. Property Taxes D. Fayetteville's legislature A. set up schools. President C. Fines and Fees B. Judicial Powers C. Recall __D___14. Interest __C___16. taxes B. Executive Powers __B___11. governor. User Fee C. public parks are paid for by these A. Media Advertising B. how judges in NC get their jobs A. appointed C. Appropriation Fee D. In NC. federal Government D. Appointed C. Chief of Police C. and president are all A. judges B. City Council C. Paid D. Sheriff B. Incumbent C. Congress C. Taxes __A___15. US Born D. Chief of Police C. General Assembly D. Civil C. County B. Productivity ___C__13. judicial D. veto __B___17. Mayor C. Name of our legislative branch at the state level A. law enforcement B. tax revenue B. level of government responsible for a local sewage facility A. These help communities when local government can not provide the service due to financial reasons A. City Manager B.

Services Provided by Local Government: Utilities Police Ambulance These are funded by what fees and Parks/Recreation taxes: Education *Intergovernmental aid Public Health Property Taxes Soil/Water Conservation User fees Impact fees Correction Facilities Fines Libraries Municipal fines Waste Disposal Disposal Fees Similarities between NC General Assembly Difference between NC General Assembly and US Congress and US Congress Terms Make laws Age Requirements Senators and House of Representatives Salary Unlimited terms Federal vs. State .

that was set by Can be hired/fired at will Manager the council . preside over impeachment process Executive— City Council (elected) Mayor Chief executive of a city Legislative— Mayor/City-Manager (elected) County Board Makes county law. funding comes from the School Board county commissioners Legislative— Laws can be reviewed by State/ City Council Makes policy for the city. appropriates Federal Supreme Court. ordinances– city law be enforced by executive branch (elections) Judicial—City Enforces ordinances Cases can be appealed to a higher Court court Judicial— Cases can be appealed to a higher County Court Lower level courts court Sheriff Elected Chief law enforcement of COUNTY Police Must follow law or lose job (is City law enforcement hired by city council) Executive— Carries out city policy. Approval of executive sembly branch appointments Judicial—State Interpret laws Judicial Reviews-laws unconstitu- Courts tional. Branch Role Checks and Balances Executive— Chief executive for State Government Veto power Governor Enforces laws Legislative— Make laws Override vetoes. Impeachment General As. appropriates budget Legislative— Makes school policy Elected. process. laws must budget.

Referendum B. Governor D. Debate __B___14. Judicial __B___26. Recall C. Gerrymandering C. Referendum D. Treason D. The most important thing to know about a candidate is his/her A. National Convention B. Recall B. Election __C___23. seniority system __B___9. Taxes ___A__10. Petition B. Suffrage C. Supreme Court C. Recall C. Citizens C. Increase D. Recall B. Franking Privileges __A___6. Special Interest Group D. Debate __B___15. Process by which citizens may propose new laws by circulating a petition A. voter __C___12. Referendum D. Committee B. Referendum D. Makes political campaigns so expensive A. Public official use this to their advantage by issuing press releases highlighting themselves A. Mass Media C. Productivity D. Scarcity D. Voting B. Citizens B. Debate D. Constituents D. An election in which voters can approve or reject a law passed by a state or local legislature A. Hopper __C___5. Jim Crow ___B__19. supports their candidates A. Techniques used to shape public opinion-including Bandwagon and Glittering Generality A. Referendum C. Voting C. Filibuster B. Popular Vote C. Suffrage D. Demand __A___25. House of Representatives B. The main purpose of this is to nominate a Presidential and Vice Presidential Ticket A. Congress can do this to a Presidential veto with a 2/3rds majority in both house A. President D. Mayor C. Propaganda technique that uses numbers—4 out of 5 dentists recommend Crest A. House of Representatives B. Voting C. Election in which voters can approve or reject a local or state law A. Impeach __B___7. This is where bills dealing with appropriations (borrowing money) originate A. Incumbent C. Commercial __A___13. Term for the people of a Congressional District that elect their representatives A. Officially elects the President A. Views D. Floor Debate D. impeached D. Elects the President if no candidate gets a majority A. Propaganda __B___21. Suffrage B. Senate C. Debate on TV D. Representatives avoid talk of cutting Federal programs or raising taxes to avoid __________of voters A. Media C. debated __C___8. States ___C__4. Primary Election __A___2. Jim Crow B. Senate D. Least bias source of information for voters A. Demand . Bandwagon C. Debate D. votes B. Absentee Ballot C. A formal request for government action and is a way that citizens can influence legislation A. Elect directly C. Voting C. appointed B. Electoral College B. Floor Debates C. National Convention B. Media Advertising C. Right to vote A. Pass into law __D___20. This committee in the House and Senate allows members to work out details on a bill A. Recall __B___11. recall B. President B. Banks D. Taxes C. Goal 4-Political Parties __A___1. suffrage B. A direct method for removing a public official from office A. Special Interest Group B. Loosing support D. Polling D. Civil Court _D____17. Office a naturalized citizen can never hold A. Official running for re-election A. loosing support C. Conference Committee D. Sub-Committee B. Glittering B. Senators and Congressmen are ____________ by the people A. Jim Crow Laws D. Override B. Special Interest Group __B___18. Initiative D. Gerrymandering __A___16. Recall C. brings issues to attention of the public. Members of Congress can exchange their views on proposed bills during A. Absentee Ballot D. Filibuster C. Petition __C___22. Senator __A___3. This is the best way for an individual to voice an opinion on the performance of public officials A. Initiative __B___24. Jim Crow B. Represents ideas of a specific group. Directly elected C. Civil Court B.

If Democrats controlled the Senate. Libel C. Freedom of Press D. Franking Privileges C. Gerrymandering D. the __________would likely lead opposition to the Republican Party legislation A. Congressional Committee assignments and Chairpersons for committees are decided based upon the A. Treason D. Line Item Veto __A___33. Supply __A___37. Political Party C. Federalism D. Political Action Committee B. Embezzlement __A___28. Veto __A___35. Slander B. Special Interest Group B. Grassroots B. The primary function of this is to get candidates elected A. Treason D. Grassroots Movement D. telling lies about a person to intentionally harm a person’s reputation A. printing lies about a person to intentionally harm a person’s reputation A. Franking privileges C. term for the people giving leaders permission to make decisions for them when they vote them into office A. Slander B. Goal 4-Political Parties __B___27. Consent of the Governed B. Permanent Address of Con- stituent __B___34. Voter D. Primary Area Constituents C. Corporation B. Entrepreneur D. Gerrymandering __B___31. Term for a political movement that begins with the people A. Demand __A___32. Freedom of Press D. Speaker of the House _B____36. Pocket Veto B. Anarchy C. Checks and Balances ___A__30. PAC stands for A. Senate C. Gerrymandering B. Lobbyist C. Seniority System B. When the President does not sign a bill (when Congress is not in session) it does not become law A. Embezzlement __A___29. Free mailing privileges—gives incumbents running for re-election an advantage A. Libel C. Majority Leader B. Influences Congressional legislation and decision-making by representing an interest group A. Demand . Larceny C.

g. Process for the Presidential Election: paign. Closed primary: participation from only de- clared party voters Open primary: open to independent voters or non-declared voters Process for every election except President : Process for every election except the Presi- Campaign. governor. Establish platforms Coordinate actions of government officials Nominate candi. campaign. mayor. Primary National convention. Barack Obama and John McCain won in An election in which states or nations choose the primaries officeholders (president. Primary dent Campaign. 3 Major Functions of Political dates for office Parties Primary Election General Election Voters choose a candidate for the November Held on the first Tuesday after the first Mon- presidential race day E. General Election Process for the Presidential Election: Cam. and Representatives) and vote. General Elec- tion. Senators. Electoral College .

paying for their own ad- vertisements Ways for Citizens to be Involved: How and what? Recall: when citizens can vote a sitting official out of office before their term is up Referendum: Election in which voters can approve or reject a local or state law Initiative: when citizens force a vote on a particular issue by getting enough citizens to sign a petition Citizen Activism: When citizens try to get involved (protesting. Donating $. PACS lots of media influence. organization of individuals with the same particular concerns.) Voting: Most direct form of citizen input (apathy—> when people don’t vote) Attendance at Meetings/Forums: Shows support. etc. can influence elections & policy Disadvantages: can sometimes use $ to have too much influence.What are they? How do they work? Influence public opinion both to increase their memberships and to convince people of the im- portance of their causes. letter writing. citizen’s voices can necessary be heard singularly How do they influence election? Endorsing candidates. can sign up to speak . Advantages/Disadvantages: Special Interest Groups and Advantages: public awareness.

Tactics that Candidates Use: Platform/Plank: How and What? Canvassing Platform: the party’s position. name calling. image molding. “glittering generalities” Campaign Issues Effect on Society: Role of Citizens: Public opinion guides the course of campaigns Citizens help with polling and canvassing for campaigns . up the plaform “just plain folks”. developed offi- Political endorsements cially at the national convention (Advertising) Plank: positions on individual issues that make Propaganda: “stacking cards”. negative cam- paigning.

reasonable suspicion __A___23. The punishment for 2nd degree murder would most likely be A. Community Service __A___5. OASHA D. innocent C. EPG C. Probation D. Goal 5&6—Law and Justice __B___1. Rights of the Government ___A__20. CFA C. District Attorney D. executive C. state __D___6. Agency responsible for restaurant inspections and vaccinations A. Guilty by reason of insanity D. espionage __B___17. Injunction B. Has jurisdiction in armed robbery and kidnapping cases A. Criminal Court B. Civil C. Driving while impaired is this offense A. Civil Court D. tax law D. In NC. Conflict B. Prison term . Bail C. EPA D. Sides in a Civil Case A. Money C. Felony C. Escaped __A___19. Appeal B. stealing __A___18. family law ___A__4. A Writ of Habeas Corpus prevents a person from being locked up without appearing before a A. NRA B. Court exist to resolve this A. Write of Habeas Corpus C. Prosecutor C. tax evasion D. A person who commits 1st Degree Murder could face this for the felony A. Family Court __A___24. CCPS B. Appellate Court B. CPSC D. House Arrest B. Innocent C. County Commissioner _A____21. What type of law would be concerned with shoplifting A. Criminals D. a person on trial for murder would be tried in A. Criminal and Prosecutor B. ETA B. Sheriff D. Health Department B. a criminal D. Stands for the agency responsible for protecting the environment A. Judge C. District Court C. FBI B. Guilty B. The attorney who represents the state or the government A. District Court ___A__14. Rights of the Victim C. Plea Agreement C. Jury D. Plea __B___12. Criminal B. Civil D. House Arrest C. SBI C. the court of original jurisdiction (where the trial starts) is called A. probable cause C. reasonable doubt B. Plaintiff and Defendant C. Type of law that deals with disputes between individuals A. If a prisoner is sentenced to death in NC. EPA D. Branch of government that interprets and punishes offenders of the law A. EPO __C___9. Capital Punishment B. legislative D. Drug Enforcement Agency A. Self __A___16. Probation D. Crime of burning down a house or building A. Police Officer __B___13. Agency responsible for checking the safety of products A. It is the job of the prosecutor is to prove the accused is guilty beyond a A. Court order stopping an action A. International ___B__25. NASA C. Plea Bargaining __A___7. trade off D. arson C. Verdict ___C__15. reasonable doubt B. Parole C. the next step would be this to a higher court A. FDA C. The police must show _________ that evidence of a crime will be found to get a search warrant A. Plaintiff B. Court you would go to if you sued someone A. The purpose of this is to allow those waiting for trial to go home A. treason D. murder B. DEA ___B__11. Hand Cuffs D. Rules of Evidence in Criminal cases are strict to protect A. judicial B. Sheriff B. Rights of the Individual B. DEA __B___3. When an accused person pleads guilty to a lesser crime in order to get a lighter sentence A. criminal law B. Plea D. state and federal issues __C___8. Civil Court C. Supreme Court D. DHA _D____10. House Arrest B. NC Superior Court B. civil law C. Misdemeanor B. Judge and Jury __A___2. Magistrate C. Supreme Court __D___26. acted suspiciously __C___22. In NC.

IRS D. This agency would investigate a crime that involves a Federal Law A. Equal Justice B. General Assembly ___C__44. type of law that deals with disputes over money or property A. Larceny D. CDC _A____38. Executive D. subpoena _B____51. limits B. CIA __B___41. FDA C. SBI D. felon ___B__52. a court order stopping an action A. Part of the Treasury Department that protects the President A. due process C. OSHA B. Who has the burden of proof in a civil case A. NSA __B___30. innocent D. Warrant ___A__33. Suspended Sentence C. Local Law Enforcement B. Detention B. If a person ignores a Jury Summons. trade off D. To change a criminal offender’s behavior so that he/she may re-enter society without committing a crime A. Write of Habeas Corpus B. Gun B. a minor who breaks the law is called A. Family law ___C__49. House D. Legal document that gives permission to search a person’s property or a person A. family law D. FDIC D. voting rights ___B__47. FBI __A___40. Plea ___A__28. Term for taking someone’s property A. trial process ___B__46. What types of crimes does the DEA deal with A. Taxes __A___37. drugs C. Write of Habeas Corpus B. Senate C. Checks and Balances B. Early release from prison A. States B. Witness ___B__29. money D. A minor crime A. Tax Grade C. Sanitation Grade B. Judicial Review C. Concurrent Powers _A____36. The president appoints Federal judges with the approval of A. Arrest Warrant D. injunction C. equality B. judicial process D. Consumers can tell if a restaurant has been inspected by the local Health Department by the A. Following set procedures A. Misdemeanor C. House Arrest B. Defendant D. OSHA B. Citizen’s right to fair and equal treatment in the court of law A. FBI C. Judge ___B__50. This can be issued by the Judge and stops any prison sentence from occurring A. FBI __B___45. warrant B. Branch of government that enforces laws or sees that they are carried out A. civil law C. FBI C. Treason D. Prosecutor C. Would investigate vandalism cases in Wake County and Raleigh A. CDC D. Search Warrant B. Line Item Veto D. SBI D. Murder __B___32. Agency that collects income taxes A. Treason B. Judge or Magistrate D. Ticket _C____31. prosecutor C. Subpoena C. Government agency that checks drugs for safety A. President B. Parole ___C__35. Secret Service B. CIA __B___39. Parole C. Kidnapping C. Vaccination D. Goal 5&6—Law and Justice ___B__27. Rehabilitation C. Suffrage D. Judicial C. OSHA B. Probation D. Plea Bargain C. House Arrest . criminal B. When a Federal Law is declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court A. IRD ___B__43. Treasury C. plaintiff B. Due Process D. Legislative B. Retribution D. group that responds to natural disasters A. Override ___B__48. SBI B FBI C. Warrant C. Parole B. juvenile delinquent C. Crimes C. Name for the official that presides over court proceedings A. Felony B. Plea Bargain __B___34. Detention D. FSA __C___42. this will be issued for his/her arrest A. FEMA C. CIA D. Providing this to all is the reason that courts exist in the US A.

Command __C___57. if someone sues another person for a small amount of money. Place where a filibuster takes place A. they may sue in A. murder ___B__56. Polling Place C. hitting someone is called A. tax fraud C. Death Sentence A. Branch of government that makes laws A. stealing __C___55. Retainer D. tax fraud B. battery B. misappropriation D. District Court D. murder __A___58. Arson . President ___B__63. Legislative D. Executive B. embezzlement B. embezzlement B. Supreme Court C. Senate D. Pentagon __D___61. Small Claims Court _D____62. Federalism B. arson __C___59. Goal 5&6—Law and Justice __B___53. Judicial C. not paying taxes (illegal) A. Judge B. tax evasion C. murder C. Superior Court B. Complaint __B/C___54. Tax fraud C. Oval Office B. Usually the last step for a bill to become a Federal law is for this person to sign it A. House Arrest D. Competition D. embezzlement D. tax evasion D. Anarchy C. total absence of law A. Appeal C. Capital Punishment C. Senator C. stealing from your employer/type of white collar crime A. FDA __C___60. when a government official spends government money inappropriately A. Congressmen D. Murder B. felony D. a person convicted of a crime can file this if they feel errors were made in their trial or new evidence is found A. Injunction B.

How a Bill Becomes Law Draw a flow chart or explain the steps that a bill goes through to become law. .

National/Federal Level Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement State Level State Bureau of Investigation Local Level City Police: Police Chief County Police: Sheriff Constitutional: found in the Constitution/ laws in- Types of terpret using the constitution e. searching a person Laws home without a search warrant is violating a person’s 4th amendment right Civil: covers contracts and relations between indi- viduals Administrative: governs the powers of regulatory agencies (executive branch) Criminal: physical causing harm to another person or state Statutory: legislation that has become law .g.

DUI. minor traffic vio- Rape. Misdemeanor Murder. Arson. Federal trial courts for criminal & Claims Court. such as mur. capital Punishments Fines. short prison sentences punishment Special Courts– have one particular US District Courts– federal focus (ex: Court of Int’l Trade. Felony V. final say over issues of NC tutional issues Constitution . Examples Petty theft. Kidnapping. Minor offenses punishable der or arson Definition by up to a year in jail or a fine Prison sentences. ONLY RE- tions of laws Types VIEW prior trial proc- esses of Courts and Civil courts– hear disputes between cases they District Courts (lower NC courts)- citizens. Tax Court) civil Courts of Appeals– hears first level ap- peals. also known as “circuit courts”— Criminal courts– hear cases midlevel appellate involving alleged viola. courts. Drug Trafficking lations Serious crime. busi- nesses. etc civil cases US Supreme Court– has NC Supreme Court– has final say over ALL Consti. organiza- hear hear misdemeanor courts & small sum tions.

child support. tems share lower-level jurisdiction court 3 Types of Civil Cases: 1. Domestic: divorce. custody and visitation. Contracts: dispute over an agreement usually for the payment of money for services or goods 3. Jurisdiction: the right to hear and rule in a case Original Exclusive is the right to One court has hear a case sole authority for the first Concurrent to hear a case Appellate time the right to two or more review the courts from decision of a different sys- previous. and divi- sion of the marital property 2. Personal Injury: action to recover damages (money for injuries sustained due to someone else’s fault .

pipelines and railroads.S. Develops and applies disease preven- tion and control Department of Transportation DOT Handles transportation w/in the USA Drug Enforcement Agency DEA Combats drug smuggling and use within the U. OSHA ministration Enforcement of safety and health leg- Federal Aviation Administration FAA Responsible for the advancement. highway. INS Handles legal and illegal immigra- vice tions and naturalization . National Transportation Safety Board NTSB Investigates accidents involving avia- tion.Regulatory Agency Initials What it regulates Environmental Protection Agency EPA The environment National Aeronautics and Space Ad. NASA Responsible for the space program ministration Home Land Security Domestic Terrorism Federal Emergency Management FEMA Responds to a disaster which has oc- Agency curred in the United States National Security Agency NSA Collects and analyze foreign commu- nications and foreign signals intelli- gence Center for Disease Control CDC Protect public health and safety. Food and Drug Administration FDA Enforces safety regulation of most types of foods Internal Revenue Service IRS Collects taxes and enforces the inter- nal revenue laws Consumer Product Safety Committee CSPC Ensure the safety of consumer prod- ucts Occupational Safety and Health Ad. safety and regulations of airplanes and air traffic Immigration and Naturalization Ser. marine.

profit is the main incentive for starting a business in A. free enterprise B. Increased worker productivity leads to more of this for a business owner A. the use of this benefits the producer by making workers complete the job faster A. factors of production C. Someone who buys and uses goods and services A. entrepreneurship A. capitalism D. search B scarcity C. required D. expanding economy B. inflation __C___6. demand B. expanding economy __B___18. contracting economy D. A _________ Advantage means a country produces goods or services more efficiently than another A. division of labor D. division of labor C. mergers __C___19. selling point D. encourages _C____20. supply _B____12. deflation __B___5. taxes __A___10. Both Federal and State governments raise funds through taxation. demand C. traditional economy C. the amount of good or service consumers are willing to buy at certain prices A. merger B. where supply and demand intersect on the Supply-Demand graph A. the amount of a good or service consumers are willing to sell at certain prices A. a business can increase this for its product by investing in advertising A. labor unions D. arbitration B. Wall of Separation B. A/An ________means that the economy is growing which is a good thing A. factors of production D. economic system in which basic economic questions are answered by buyers and sellers A. capitalism B. Specialization and Division of Labor lead to increased A. expanding economy C. inflation ___C__23. federalism D. The US ___________ free enterprise by allowing investors to keep a major portion of their profits A. IRS _B____22. referendum . Legislative D. labor unions C. profit B. Interest __A___2. conservation B. labor. Income Tax C. inflation B. the amount of money you pay to use someone else’s money A. equilibrium point B. Bob __A___14. inflation __C___3. tariff C. supply B. producer C. loss C. stocks C. Demand B. bill of rights D. Tax D. factors of production C. PAC B. government property __C___9. Plea Bargain C. training workers increases worker output and efficiency or A. Comparative B. scarcity B. Labor unions __B___25. loss of future buying power may be one _________involved in deciding to use your credit card today A. expansion C. comparative C. Founder of capitalism A. supply C. resources __A___16. socialism D. Conventions ___C__21. Property Tax D. Entrepreneur C. Tariff B. Marx B. GDP/GNP D. command C. and labor and starts a new business A. power __A___17. command __B___11. command economy B. deflation D.9 –Economics ___A__1. the person who organizes land. Engels C. productivity C. profit B. main incentive in a free enterprise system A. developed primarily because of poor working conditions A. command D. Executive ___C__13. Encourages D. inflation __B___4. laws D. land. capital. Goals 7. Smith D. opportunity cost D. consumer B. bonds B. supply C. demand D. deflation _B____24. interest C. interest D. factors of production __C___8. equilibrium D. equilibrium point C. this means the same thing as Capitalism A. the government is concerned about the country’s _______ in order to monitor economic activity A. this may force consumers to pay a higher price for a product or to find a substitute A. This is an example of a/an A. capital. unlimited wants and limited resources A. productivity C. interest C. market B.8. capitalism B. GDP/GNP D. interest D. capitalism __A___7. capitalism D. inflation __B___26. demand B. demand __B___15.

inflation D. murder D. easy money policy B. scarcity D. Expanding B. the number of house built and sold would likely A. corporation __D___49. fair competition C. If US consumers don’t save money in banks. Command C. Tax D. decision making B. deflation __B___35. hire B. regulations D. profits A. Inflating ___A__51. Contracting D. capitalism D. deflate __B___47. deflation B.8. A government corporation A. executive branch __B___32. tax evasion B. OSHA B. the US government can raise money by selling A. economists use this to determine if there is Economic growth A. used by governments to prevent domestic-made products from being undersold by foreign competition A. of Treasury B. GDP/GNP D. tight money policy D. refusing to pay taxes A. Equality D. demand B. deflation __B___29. tight money policy C. stocks B. inflation D. at any point __B___48. Regressive tax B. loss B. equality B. profits C. GDP/GNP C. foreign lenders B. trade off ___B__38. forces citizens and governments to make smart choices about resource use A. not taxed __B___33. surplus __B___37. increase B. command _A____43. the Federal Reserve may lower this to encourage consumer spending A. If the Federal Reserve were to lower Interest Raters. stock market C. Stock Market C. House of Rep. Aid. US Savings Bonds C. recession D. deflation __A___45. basic economic problem. Competition B. Federal Reserve’s money policy that is meant to encourage spending A. Prices go up A. of Treasury __C___41. circular flow C. Dept. division of labor __A___28. at a loss D. stagnate D. capitalists C. ______own the resources and means of production in a market economic system A. the company will make a A. and Alliance are components of this US policy A. Foreign C. tariff D. easy money policy ___B__30. During a recession. treason C. Socialism __B___42. protective tariffs C. of Education D. scarcity ___A__39. electoral college B. Inflation ___A__31. decrease C. a US business wishing to borrow money may have to seek out A. __B___44. As demand increases. An income tax is an example of this type of tax A. The IRS is apart of this executive department A. stagnate D. decrease C. Dept. Foreign markets B. If there is a large demand for a product a company manufactures. Productivity __A___50. stock market C.9 –Economics __C___27. demand C. A business may pay for employees to take courses at a local community college to increase A. supply C. the most profitable way to set prices is above production costs but A. Capitalism D. economic system where individuals have the personal freedom to start businesses and own property A. scarcity B. increase B. inflation __B___40. embezzlement __A___46. below other suppliers C. EPA ___C__36. deregulated B. the most important job of the Federal Reserve is to control the nation’s A. Goals 7. flat line . taxed D. electric companies are _________by the government so that they don’t raise prices too high A. regulated C. Competition D. Progressive Tax C. Education ___B__34. of Justice C. name for the model that shows the economic interdependence between businesses and households A. profit D. Domestic B. the increased use of credit leads to a/an ______ economy A. at equilibrium B. pragmatic B. post office B. interest rate C. Dept. US GDP D. media D. Dept. Diplomacy. monopoly D. Deflating C. inflation C. judicial branch D. Insuring this is the most important economic responsibility of the US government A.

long term debt on real property such as houses. type of regressive tax that places a burden on the poor and people on fixed incomes A. Equilibrium ___B__53. trade off B. stay the same D. IRS B. entrepreneurship _A____63. tariff D. banks B. when there is no competition for a good or service A. labor D. sales tax B. Demand __C___55. inflation and deflation ___C__66. taxes D. Products C. interest C. stagnate D. net value _B____73. Supplying paper money. two advantages for consumers when competition exists are lower prices and _________ goods A. inflating D. Needs C. Improvements in _____________help manufacturers produce more products A. The Federal Reserve lends money to member A. When supply is up and demand is down. increase C. inflation B. Seller’s side of a Market Economy A. land B. clearinghouse for checks A. surplus D. prices A. seniority D. education and training D. Competition B. education D. inflate __A___77. property tax B. Treasury C. Contracting C. Demand __A___56. corporation ___A__65. Capitalists __B___64. Income D. dividing work into several parts with each part becoming the responsibility of a different worker A. Justice Department _A____74. go up C. deflation D. 2 sides of a market transaction A. schools C. division of labor C. countries D. Equilibrium __B___58. Goals 7. inflation . It goes down B. wants C. increasing price D. the difference between a recession and depression is the severity of the A. wants B. labor __A___76. tariff C. technology B. money an individual has left to spend after paying bills. supply and demand B. capital B. needs B. excise B. contraction D. decrease B.8. training __B___68. shrinking C. expanding B. gross income C. shortage __D___54. tax on imported goods A. capital D. It goes up C. trees would be which factor of production A. corporation B. and land A. recall ___A__78. entrepreneur C. and other expenses A. go down B. most important question to ask before starting a new business A. A machine would be which factor of production A. buildings. Supply D. regulating the money supply. it goes down B. tariff C. Are there workers? C. Wants B. the desire of people to have goods and services A. What will be the profit? __C___75. increase C. As supply increase. president ___B__67. factors of production B. taxes. equilibrium _A____59. contraction __B___57. bankruptcy __A___72. inflation C. condition that may result from the overuse of credit by an individual A. deflating _B____61. monopoly B. What happens to the value of a dollar when prices go up A. deflation D. mortgage C. increase C. supply D. taxes __A___69. a steady rise in the GDP/GNP over several years most likely means the US economy is A. type of business that can change its ownership through stock transfers A. land C. Exchanging money for a CD would be an example of a/an A. monopoly C. Increase D. disposable income B. capitalist and socialist C. Buyer’s side of a Market Economy A. what happens to price? A. Supply D. happens to prices when too much money is in circulation A. Is there demand? B. becomes disposable __B___71. Wants B. tariff __C___60. higher quality C. credit C. Federal Reserve D. net worth D. medicare ___B__70.9 –Economics __B___52. Supply D. bankruptcy C.

entrepreneur D. business owner D. decrease C. arbitration D. stays the same _A____102. taxes __B___104. Keyes C. traditional D. money B. capital gain C. balance trade __C___91. Deflation B. competition C. equilibrium __B___80. When a country imports more than it exports A. competition D.9 –Economics ___B__79. Inflation C. command B. trade deficit C. Banks __C___96.8. when a country has a developed economy. quality. Income tax B. when a stockholder sells their stock for less than they paid for it A. business cycle __A___101. credit B. Socialist __C___92. higher pay. export B. tariff C. Stock Exchange C. when a corporation joins another corporation A. merger C. your purchasing power __________during a recession A. mediation C. profit D. monopoly B. reduce taxes D. decreases B. Stocks (securities) are bought and sold on the New York A. In a pure monopoly. Streets D. Workers would be which factor of production A. when investors earn a profit by selling stock after they increase in value A. command B. diminishing return D. bargain with management for better working conditions. Washington . opportunity cost C. traditional C. in what type of economic system to you have free enterprise A. Founder of Socialism and Communism A. land C. profit C. balance of selling C. tax evasion ___A__85. command _C____90. circular flow C. expand B. and all decisions related to a good or service A. the total retail value of all the goods and services produced in a country in 1 year A. human capital D. Capitalism D. an increase in price is A. exporting more than importing is a favorable A. merger C. Goals 7. and benefits A. an increase in the unemployment rate would lead to a/an __________ in consumer spending A. a share of profit paid to stockholders of a corporation A. trade off B. blockade ___B__84. income tax __A___81. property tax B. capitalism C. dividends B. free enterprise ___A__103. consumer __A___98. balance of trade B. inflation __B___86. when a single firm controls prices. bonds C. import C. expansion _A____83. embezzlement ___B__95. labor B. expansion D. capital gain B. consumers __A___100. inflation D. money you pay for using someone else’s money A. surplus B. congress may decide to ____________to help give people more money to spend A. monopoly B. Marx D. In a sole proprietorship. stock exchange __A___97. stock D. it has a _______of goods to trade to other countries A. capital loss B. the value of a second choice not taken A. there is no A. appeal C. capitalism D. a country that makes a product more efficiently would then do this to the other countries A. inflation C. During a recession. trade off __B___89. when a business hires more workers but output per worker declines A. command B. tax D. trade deficit B. the economy will grow or A. who would be sued if the company produces a hazardous product A. taxes D. inflation D. capital loss C. Equilibrium D. stocks D. capitalism __C___105. economic system where the incentive is supposed to be the good of the country A. interest C. if there is an increase in consumer credit. expand B. equalize D. anarchy ___C__94. GDP/GNP D. easy money policy __A___99. collective bargaining B. dividends D. equilibrium __B___87. Interest __B___93. income tax D. increases C. opportunity cost B. contract C. type of tax that provides the most revenue for the Federal Government A. trade off __B___88. Market B. increase B. Smith B. deflate _A____82.

8. and government to do what? They answer the question of scarcity—the availability of goods and services . For whom to produce duce it for 3 basic economic questions that all societies face The answers to these questions force individuals. businesses.9 –Economics Labor Natural Resources Factors of Production Entrepreneur Capital How to produce it What to pro. Goals 7.

Your opportunity choose to do one thing cost is the income you rather than another have given up. Specialization Effects on Productivity Division of What is it Labor what is it? A person may focus Increases productivity on a specific task Separating work into and skill that are specialized tasks good at.What’s a Trade-Off? Examples of Trade- Offs: The alternative you face if you decide to do Taking more time to How are Trade-offs one thing rather than study for a test means and Opportunity another having less time to talk Costs related? on the phone with friends. Examples of Oppor- nity Cost? tunity Costs: The cost of the next Choosing to go to col- best use of your time or lege instead of work- money when you ing. Creating a special- ized workforce . What’s an Opportu. In both you are giv- ing something up or making a choice to forego something.

three basic cept think of an tem economic auction system questions Recession and (like eBay!) Depression are more frequent Mixed Market and a Popular sover. that system Government questions tages that it matches Command Economy that is Central planner Disadvantages: China. Socialism and organized and answers the grow more Cuba and North Communism slowly and attain Korea operated by the three basic a lower per cap- government economic ita GDP than market econo- mies. Doesn’t really Democracy runs on a Free answers the eignty and free exist in a particu- choice lar country… ex- Enterprise Sys. Mon- ited government archy market and answer the live in happy command ele.three basic harmony ments economic questions Recession and Depression are less frequent .Economic Definition Answers to Advantages/ Country with Type of System the 3 basic Disadvan. Uses both free.central planner eignty and lim. Market Economy that The people Popular sover. Europe Republic.S. U. Most of Democracy.

Be sure to include all the correct labels: supply.Law of Demand Relationship be. expectations. Law of Supply Relationship between tween demand and supply and price price Consumers will only de. Demand Producers will only pro. expectations. number of sellers. subsidies & taxes. resource costs What factors cause demand to change? Price. related goods . shortage Surplus Equilibrium Price Shortage What factors cause supply to change? Price. Prices go UP. buyers. Supply goes UP. prices go mand/buy a product that goes DOWN duce a good/service that DOWN they want/need at a price will yield a profit they can afford Draw a Supply/Demand Graph. equilibrium point. income taste. other goods. price. demand. technology. surplus.

Be sure to include the factor market. households/individuals.Draw and Label a circular flow model that illustrates the flow of goods/services. and businesses . product market. and the factors of production. money.

i. few people have necessary exper- for losses of the amount you invest tise to invest well Advantages of Investing in Bonds Disadvantages of Investing in Bonds Return of interest is guaranteed.e. of income paid in. more in. only responsible High risk.% of income for eve- of a good— user tax creases as income creases as income ryone increases. Advantages of Investing in the Disadvantages of Investing in the Stock Stock Market Market Potential of high growth. slower return terest than a regular savings account Excise Tax Regressive Tax Progressive Tax Proportional Tax What is it? What is it? What is it? What is it? General tax on the Tax for which the % Tax for which the % Tax that is the same sale or manufacture of income paid de. Lower rate of return.: 10% for all . ex: income tax tax Example Example Example Example User tax Sales tax Income tax Suggested by many in place of an income tax. ex: sales increases.

makes Ameri- to foreign markets. Rise in prices that is not thing produced in the connected to higher de- economy mand . favor- and balance of able= exports more trade CPI Unemployment Measures change in. cycle (indicates month lower spending) How do they indi- cate the health of the Economy GDP Inflation Total value of every. NAFTA Tariffs Allowed US markets Taxes on imported to gain greater access goods. can goods cheaper could cause a job loss Impact on the US Economy Exchange Rate Balance of Trade Affects how much Relationship b/t coun- producers charge tries’ trade. A main indicator for prices from month to econ.

Banks can lend more money rather than loan it out How does it work? How does it work? Limits money supply Generates more economic activity What happens with the Discount Rate What happens to the Discount Rate It goes up (banks have to pay more to get It goes down (banks can loan money more money from Federal Reserve to loan out= easily= lower interest rates) higher interest rates What happens to the Reserve Requirement What happens to the Reserve Requirement It goes up– banks can loan less of their fi. Functions of Money Medium of Exchange Store of Value Measure of value Assess value and cane be ex. It goes down– banks can loan more of their nancial resources out money out . The way that wealth can be Comparisons among differ- changed for goods amassed ent goods Federal Reserve Monetary Policies Tight Money Policy Loose Money Policy What is it? What is it? Banks have to keep more money on hand.

responsibility for prod- Sole proprietorship tween owners and con. raise more financial capi. however) When shares of the busi. stockholders over com- holders tal pany decisions Corporation . liabil. Unlimited liability (all direct interaction be. ucts/businesses) sumers Limited life (company ends with owner’s life) Two or more people own Raise more money and Can be difficult to reach it together combine expertise. unlimited li- Partnership ity divided ability (divided. Limited liability.Draw the Business Cycle Type of Business Characteristic Advantage Disadvantage Owned by one person Flexibility.decisions. personal char. can Little/no influence for ness are sold to stock.

picket lines Mediation/arbitration Negotiating wages and working Corporation: lockouts conditions as a group. rather than individual workers (done through labor unions) . guarantees deposits up to Commission $200.FDIC What is the role and function? Helps to back up banking Federal Deposit Insurance & prevent runs on banks.00 Federal Reserve System What is the and what are the functions? Strictly controls the money supply through monetary policies (tight or loose). helps to prevent collapse of value of the dollar Collective Bargaining Defined Weapons each side has Government intervention Unions: strikes.

estab- lishing minimum wage. Act Importance Sherman Anti-Trust Banned monopolies & other business compe- titions that prevented competition Clayton Anti-Trust Government has to approve mergers. com- petition must be allowed or government can intervene National Labor Relations Act Gave employees the right to join unions without interference from employers and to choose representatives for the purposes of collective bargaining Fair Labor Standards Act Included laws restricting child labor. prohibited companies from hiring union-only workers ONE MORE PAGE TO GO!!! . and regulating work- place safety Taft-Hartley Act Weakened unions.

little differentiai- ton Role of non-price competition: Quality must be higher. more options Advantages for consumers: Most=> can choose what they like Disadvantages for consumers: None– they can choose from many options . usually lower prices Disadvantages for consumers: Not a vast difference in products Monopolies: Only one producer of a good/service Degree of Price Control: complete Product Type/differentiation: No substitute goods Role of non-price competition: Quality is lower. products less available Advantages for consumers: none Disadvantages for consumers: Less options Perfect: No buyer or seller has more influence than another Degree of Price Control: None– only demand determines price Product Type/differentiation: Many options Role of non-price competition: Higher quality. more options Advantages for consumers: More options Disadvantages for consumers: Higher prices Monopolistic Many substitutes that are very similar Definition: Many producers.Oligopolies: Market when there are a few producers Degree of Price Control: Somewhat. more options Advantages for consumers: Many choices. products are similar Degree of Price Control: Little for producers Product Type/differentiation: Many types of products. if they collaborate Product Type/differentiation: Some choice for consumers Role of non-price competition: Quality must be higher.