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Texia Landaeta Miranda
Bachelors in English Pedagogy, Chile

English 5
Student's Book

Publishing Director
Arlette Sandoval Espinoza

Leontina Vilches Allende

English Editor
Patricio Baeza Contreras

Texia Landaeta Miranda

Brett Thompson

Academic Advisor
Ethel Melej Gallardo
Guadalupe Alvarez Pereira

Art Chief
Carmen Gloria Robles Seplveda

Design Coordination
Gabriela de la Fuente Garfias

Claudia De la Vega Pizarro

Illustration and Photography

Banco de Imgenes Global (BIG) Ediciones SM
Andrs Oliva Laurie
Loly & Bernardilla
Marco Torres Mujica
Gabriel Seguel Bravo
Diego Donoso Suazola

Andrea Carrasco Zavala

This text corresponds to Quinto ao de Enseanza bsica and has been created
according to the Decreto Supremo N439/2012, del Ministerio de Educacin Chile.

2016 Ediciones SM Chile S.A. Coyancura 2283 piso 2 Providencia

This edition of 212.300 copies was finished printing in January of 2017.

ISBN: 978-956-363-201-9 / Legal Deposit: 273494

Printed by A Impresores.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise, without prior permission in writing of the publishers.
Hi F

Welcome to Think Out Loud 5!

Think Out Loud 5 is the fun and exciting new course that will help you
start learning English. Are you ready for the first step on your learning
In your Students Book, you will find:
Fun and interesting topics to explore and learn a new language.
Real-life situations that will help you develop your
communicative skills.
Projects to put in practice your new ability to express your ideas
in English.
About your Students Book:
Your Students Book has 4 Units. Each Unit will take you through a
different topic. Each Unit also gives you the opportunity to practice
even more through games, projects and content reviews.
At the front of your book you will find a Learning Strategies section.
These are some essential tips that will be really helpful for you during
this process. The Learning Strategies will help you develop and
improve your use of the four language skills: reading, writing, listening
and speaking.
At the back of your book you will find Extra Practice for each Unit,
which will provide you with activities to move even further in your way
towards speaking English. Also, you will find a Grammar Reference
that explains language rules and structures in a clear simple way.
Finally, the Writing Tips section contains a list of irregular verbs,
phonetic symbols and a glossary for easy reference. Here, you get
access to pronunciation aids and simple definitions of key words from
the book.
Think Out Loud 5 has been designed to help you progress in English
positively and connecting with your life experiences.
This is an invitation for you to express yourself in a new language and
join the English-speaking world. Lets do this!

Know your Book 6

Learning Strategies 10


My Life
Unit Opener ....................................................................... 14
My Ideas ............................................................................... 16
My Goals .............................................................................. 17

Lesson 1 I Feel Great ............................................. 18 We Live Here
Before Listening ......................................................... 18
Listening .......................................................................... 20 Unit Opener ....................................................................... 52
After Listening (Speaking) .................................. 22 My Ideas ............................................................................... 54
My Goals ............................................................................. 55
Lesson 2 This is My Family ........................ 24
Before Reading ........................................................... 24 Lesson 1 My Room, My House .................... 56
Reading ............................................................................ 26 Before Listening ......................................................... 56
After Reading (Writing) ......................................... 29 Listening .......................................................................... 58
Math: Diverse Families .......................................... 30 After Listening (Speaking) .................................. 60
Lets Make It! ................................................................ 31
Lesson 2 My Neighborhood .......................... 62
Checkpoint.......................................................................... 32 Before Reading ........................................................... 62
Reading ............................................................................ 64
Lesson 3 Friends and Free Time ............... 34 After Reading (Writing) ......................................... 66
Before Listening ......................................................... 34
Listening .......................................................................... 36 Language: Legends and Myths....................... 68
After Listening (Speaking) .................................. 38 Lets Make It! ................................................................ 69

Checkpoint......................................................................... 70
Lesson 4 Having Fun at School................... 40
Before Reading .......................................................... 40 Lesson 3 My Town .................................................... 72
Reading ............................................................................ 42 Before Listening ......................................................... 72
After Reading (Writing) ......................................... 44 Listening .......................................................................... 74
Lets Play .......................................................................... 46 After Listening (Speaking) .................................. 76
Lets Make It! ................................................................ 47
Lesson 4 My Country.............................................. 78
Synthesis Unit 1 ................................................. 48 Before Reading ........................................................... 78
Review Unit 1 ................................................................ 50 Reading ........................................................................... 80
After Reading (Writing) ......................................... 82
Lets Play .......................................................................... 84
Lets Make It! ................................................................ 85

Synthesis Unit 2 ................................................. 86

Review Unit 2 ................................................................ 88

4 four Contents
3 Delicious!
Unit Opener ....................................................................... 90
My Ideas ............................................................................... 92
My Goals ............................................................................. 93

Lesson 1 Food in Chile .......................................... 94

Before Listening ......................................................... 94
4 Hot and Cold

Listening .......................................................................... 96
After Listening (Speaking) .................................. 98
Unit Opener .................................................................... 128
Lesson 2 Food Around the World ....... 100
My Ideas ............................................................................ 130
Before Reading ........................................................ 100 My Goals ........................................................................... 131
Reading ......................................................................... 102
After Reading (Writing) ...................................... 104 Lesson 1 The Weather ......................................... 132
Science: The Rainbow Diet .............................. 106 Before Listening ....................................................... 132
Lets Make It! ............................................................. 107 Listening ....................................................................... 134
After Listening (Speaking) ............................... 136
Checkpoint...................................................................... 108
Lesson 2 Dress for the Occasion .......... 138
Lesson 3 A Recipe....................................................110
Before Reading ........................................................ 138
Before Listening ...................................................... 110 Reading ......................................................................... 140
Listening ........................................................................ 112 After Reading (Writing) ...................................... 142
After Listening (Speaking) ................................ 114
Physical Education: Summer and
Lesson 4 Eating Well ..............................................116 Winter Sports ............................................................. 144
Lets Make It! ............................................................. 145
Before Reading ......................................................... 116
Reading .......................................................................... 118 Checkpoint....................................................................... 146
After Reading (Writing) ...................................... 120
Lets Play ........................................................................ 122 Lesson 3 From North to South ................. 148
Lets Make It! .............................................................. 123 Before Listening ...................................................... 148
Listening ....................................................................... 150
Synthesis Unit 3 ............................................... 124 After Listening (Speaking) ................................ 152
Review Unit 3 .............................................................. 126
Lesson 4 Vacation Time ..................................... 154
Before Reading ........................................................ 154
Reading ......................................................................... 156
After Reading (Writing) ...................................... 158
Lets Play ....................................................................... 160
Lets Make It! .............................................................. 161

Synthesis Unit 4 ............................................... 162

Review Unit 4 ............................................................. 164

Extra Practice ......................................................... 166 Glossary .............................................................. 188

Grammar Reference ........................................ 182 Bibliography........................................................ 191
Writing Tips ....................................................... 185

five 5
Know your
Your book contains four Units that are divided into four lessons each. All
of them contain exciting sections that will help you start your adventure
of learning English.


Unit Opener
This section
introduces each
unit by presenting
an image related
to the topic and an
activity, which will
help you be aware
of the topic of the

My Ideas
The My Ideas page
helps you define
your conceptions
in relation to the
theme of the unit
and remember
what you already
know about the
topic through
different activities.

My Goals
The My Goals page describes the contents that you will learn and the
abilities connected to it. Also, you can set your personal learning goals and
identify different strategies that will help you improve your skills in English.

6 six Know your Book


Before Listening or
In this section there are
activities that introduce the
topic of each lesson. You will
find some of the important
words that you will learn.
Also, you can discuss your
ideas with your classmates
and use your previous
knowledge about the topic.

Listening or Reading
In these sections you will either
listen to the main recording, or
read the main text of the lesson.
Here, you will be exposed to the
central communicative function.
Also, there are activities that
will allow you to check your
comprehension skills.

After Listening or Reading

In these pages, you will
apply what you have learned
throughout the lesson. At this
point, you will speak with your
classmates or write a text, relating
it to your own experience.

Digital Activities
When you see this icon,
your teacher can use the
Complementary Digital

seven 7
Know your

The Cross-Curricular page
allows you to connect the
contents of the lessons
to other school subjects.
Here, you will use English to
discover new and interesting

Lets Make It!

After the first two lessons, you will work on a
project related to the topics of each unit. Here,
you will apply the contents and functions that
you learned in order to consolidate them.

The Checkpoint pages help you practice the contents studied in the first
two lessons of the units. Also, you can reflect on your own learning process.

8 eight Know your Book


Lets Make It!

This is the final
project of the units.
Here, you will put in
practice what you
learned and the
attitudes that will
help you to work
with your classmates
in a harmonious way.

Lets Play
The Game page allows you to keep using
what you learned during the unit in a fun way.

The first section of the
Synthesis page will help you
summarize the language
structures studied in the
unit. After that, you have
the chance to reflect about
what you learned, the
goals you achieved and the
contents or abilities that you
still need to practice.

The Review page allows you REVIEW
to practice the contents that
you learned throughout the
whole unit. This will help you
assess your knowledge about
the different topics of the unit.

nine 9
rn i ng S t rategies

Listening How good are you at Listening?

When we talk about the Listening skill, we mainly think of understanding

the language and hear information. In our first language, listening
is part of our everyday routine; we listen to the radio, when we are
watching TV, when we are talking to our friends, etc.
It sounds like a really easy task to do, but maybe you are not aware of
how complex this might be. Here are some useful strategies to make
this process easier when learning a foreign language.

Rank the following strategies where number 5 is the most used one
and 1 is the least used one.

To predict the context and discuss.

To look at pictures that relate to the listening.
To listen to music in English.
To find the meaning of words in a dictionary before
To review questions before listening.

1 Look at the pictures that

relate to the listening. This
will give you an idea of 2 Predict from the context and discuss.
what the listening is about. Take a look at the transcript (if there
is one) and the pictures; think about
the people, the place, and the topic
of conversation.

3 Find the meaning of the

difficult words contained
in the listening, ask your 5 Practice the listening skill at
teacher for vocabulary. home! Listen to your favorite
music in English, watch movies
or TV shows trying to pay
attention to what speakers say
4 Go through the questions before rather than subtitle. Little by
the listening starts, this will help little this will help you recognize
you to pay attention to specific familiar words once you are
information when trying to answer. closer to the English language.

10 ten Learning Strategies

Speaking How good are you at Speaking?

Speaking is probably the most difficult skill to be practiced, since there

are some important factors that go with it such as fluency, pronunciation,
intonation and grammar structures not learnt yet. Here are some
strategies that might help you.

Same responses: Use the same responses,

words or phrases to help you build
vocabulary skills that help comprehension. Practice tongue- twist
ers: They are
These expressions, questions or responses a good way to practic
e and improve
are helpful: pronunciation and fluen
cy. They also
help you to have self-co
May I go to the bathroom? nfidence.
What is the meaning of the word ? She sells seashells on th
e seashore.
What does mean? Mix a box of mixed bis
cuits with a
? boxed biscuit mixer.
Can I borrow your
I saw Esau sitting on a
Im ready! seesaw.
Esau, he saw me.
Hello Miss Six thick thistle sticks. Six
Good morning/afternoon. thick
thistles stick .
Good bye! Which wristwatches ar
e Swiss
Thank you wristwatches?
Please One-One was a raceho
Youre welcome Two-Two was one, too.
See you soon When One-One won
one race,
Two-Two won one, to

What about yourself?

Which of the following would you use outside the classroom?
Tick the ones you choose:
Good morning/afternoon Im ready
See you soon Can I borrow your ?

What does mean? Thank you

eleven 11
Learning St

Reading How good are you at Reading?

The receptive skill of reading requires learners to recognize words and

comprehend concepts. The reading comprehension process occurs
before, during and after a person reads a particular piece of writing.
Here you can find some strategies to help you develop this skill.

te: Predict:

Go through the Predict the

content of
headings and images the reading
to get a sense of the the heading t through
, check you
verb tense and the predictions
based on th
content of a text. comprehen

Skimming and
from context:

Use these techniques

Using previo
to find information in us
the text more quickly. of the ideas
in the text to
Skimming is to get a find the
meaning of
general overview of the unknown
words, inste
content while scanning ad of
looking the
is to locate specific m up in a
information or details.

What about yourself?

Read the previous strategies and answer the following questions:

a. We use this strategy to get a general overview:

b. We use this strategy instead of looking up words in a dictionary:
c. We use this strategy to sense the content of a reading text:

12 twelve Learning Strategies

Writing How good are you at Writing?

Writing is a productive skill that allows you to use words to communicate

ideas and thoughts. It is important to consider that during the process
of writing, mistakes are allowed to improve the final written work. Here
you have some strategies that will help you to practice this skill.

1 Brainstorm ideas that

you would like to express
in your writing. This can 2 Prepare a draft of your written
be done through lists of work, this is a perfect instance to
words, mind maps, or make mistakes and fix them, this
diagrams. will help you to improve your
writing and facilitate this process
through error recognition.

3 Review your draft by

recognizing mistakes and
correcting them. You can
4 Present your writing
work by sharing it with a
do this with the help of a
partner, friend or parent.
classmate, exchanging works
The readers impression
and giving feedback on each
will define if your writing
others progress.
work is a success.

What about yourself?

Which strategies from the above do you
usually use? Which one will help you
improve your style of writing?

thirteen 13
1 My Life

14 fourteen Unit 1 My Life


Circle wha
t relates to
you from the
se pages.
Draw two
things that
connect to y
our life.

fifteen 15
d e a s Show your previous knowledge
1 These images represent concepts. What do you think they are?
Use your imagination!

2 Circle the icons from activity 1 that are interesting to you.

3 Underline the words in English.

sorry limes
casa morgen
emotion fromage
famil supermark
et notebook
ok at the unit and fi
Two famil
An email
School bo
A comic

16 sixteen

o a l s Plan your strategies
1 These are the goals for this unit.

Reading Writing
Preparing a
A journal entry A description of your nd
working in
describing a family. own family. a methodic
way toward
An email about An email giving your s the
school subjects. opinion about school. nt of your
ability to lea
rn a new
L istening ut your
and Talking abo
Listening to es
favorite activiti
g in g your
s about and express
conversa tion
nd emotions.
preferences a

2 Check the things you want to do by the end of the unit. What are other
personal goals you have? Write them in your notebook.

Introduce myself Talk about my hobbies Know 50 words in English

Understand other cultures Describe my family Write a paragraph

3 Look at the sentences in the box.

Explain or use a synonym when you Make predictions using

dont remember a word. pictures only.
Plan your work before you start. Read quickly once.

The four sentences represent four strategies we use to learn. Now,

complete the ideas using strategies from the box.

A good listening strategy A good speaking strategy

. .

A good reading strategy A good writing strategy

. .

seventeen 17
Lesson 1 I Feel Great In this lesson
you will learn: To express
your feelings and describe
other peoples feelings.
Before Listening
1 Complete the online profiles using the words in boxes.

art movies sports reading

Name: Francisca
Name: Javier
Age: 10
Age: 10
Country: Argentina
Country: Chile
Interests: , ,
Mood: tired
Mood: happy
Remember Me
Password Remember Me

2 Listen 3 to a person talking and complete the profile.

My name is . I am from and

I go to La Colina . I am years old. I like

, and . Today I am .

3 Complete the profile with the information from activity 2. Then, make
your own profile.

126 1445 305 36 470 120

posts followers following posts followers following

Following Following

Name: Name:

School: School:

Age: Age:

City: City:

Interests: Interests:

Mood: Mood:

Password Password

18 eighteen Unit 1 My Life

4 Complete the description with your own information. Then, say it to a

My is . I am old.

I am and I school. I like

, and .

5 Look at the pictures. Write positive or negative according to the

expressions. Compare your answers with a partner.

Emotion Positive or Negative?


Giving Opinions
To give your opin
start by using
expressions like:
I think
In my opinion
I believe

A tt it u d e
What do you when
you dont unders
ni ng
a word in a liste
Discuss with two


6 Look at the expressions of the kids on page 21. What do you think the
listening is about?

nineteen 19
Lesson 1

1 Draw faces to match the emotions. Use a dictionary for new words.

Describing your feelings
I am happy today!
nervous excited I feel happy today!

tired bored

2 Listen 4 and write the feelings. Then, repeat the words.


3 With a partner, brainstorm a list of six feelings that you want to

know how to say in English. Use a dictionary to find the words.

anish Fe
ings in English
Feelings in Sp

1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.
4. 4.
5. 5.
6. 6.

20 twenty Unit 1 My Life

4 In pairs, make facial expressions representing how these situations
make you feel.
a. Vacation with your family
b. Cartoons on the weekend
c. Math class
How Do You Feel?

5 Listen 5 to four conversations and match the pictures to the names:

Javier - Andrea - Francisca - Jennifer

6 How do they feel? Complete the sentences.

a. Javier feels . Check Your Prediction
Was your prediction similar to
b. Jennifer feels .
the audio? What helps you to
c. Andrea . identify expressions? Discuss
with a partner.
d. Francisca .

7 How do you feel? Draw expressions and write a sentence.

and .
Today, I

Fa st!
How many new words did you find in the
Listening section?

Great! Now, you can use more words

to describe emotions

twenty-one 21
Lesson 1

After Listening Speaking

1 Look at the situation. Have a similar conversation with a partner using

the model below.
Oh, no...
Hey Ayeln! I'm laugh Oh, that's
Are you sad? H ahaha funny!

Im not . Im
How are you? You look
. What about you?
How do you feel?

2 Think of a positive and a negative feeling or emotion. Use a dictionary

to find the English words.

Emotion s
Positive Negative
In Spanish In Spanish Asking for
How do you say
In English In English English?

22 twenty-two Unit 1 My Life

3 Ask 4 classmates about how they feel. Complete the faces
in the table.

Our Feelings Vocabulary

Different Emotions
Classmate How do you feel?

4 Show the faces in activity 3 to 4 different classmates. Can they guess

the feelings?

Classmate How do you feel?


5 Repeat activity 4 with different classmates. Are your ideas similar?

Complete the table using or .

Classmate o

Digital Activities

twenty-three 23
Lesson 2 This Is My Family In this lesson
you will
you To exp
rn: To
will lea
feeling cribse
ple s fee ling s.
oth plepeo
hav e.
Before Reading
1 In your opinion, what feeling or emotion describes this family picture?
Write it in the space below and compare your idea with two classmates.

This is my family! My
mom, my two sisters,
grandma, my dog, my
cat and my goldfish!

2 Look at Marcela's family tree and write the correct title under each
family member's name. Use the words from the box.

Luis Ximena
grandfather grandmother

Jos Carmen Blanca Miguel

uncle aunt

Andrs Matas Clara


brother mother
sister father

24 twenty-four Unit 1 My Life

3 Complete the family tree with your family. Remember to write their
names and how they are connected to you.


I have a father and a baby

brother. There is only one girl
in my family: me! How many
people are there in
your family?

4 Read the conversation and write about your own family.

There are three

people in my family: my
mother, my grandma and
me. In my family there
are three girls!

I have . In my family,
there . Language
We use there is for 1
5 Use the question from the model to ask a partner. Complete. person or thing.
In s family, there are . There is one dog in my
Predict We use there are for
more than 1 person or
6 Look at the pictures on page 28. What family members do thing
they represent? There are 4 girls in my

twenty-five 25
Lesson 2

1 Look at the pictures of different families. Read the texts and match.
Everyone is different and every family is different, too. Lets read the
description of four families.

I have a grandma, I have a grandpa

a grandpa and and a sister.
a big brother.
I have a baby I have a mom
sister, a mom and a brother.
and a dad.

b d

a c

kF ast
s in this page.
Find the synonym
grandmother =
mother =
grandfather =
father =

26 twenty-six Unit 1 My Life

2 Read, match and color according to the descriptions.

My grandma has
grey hair and blue

My dad has
brown hair and
black eyes.

My big sister has

black hair and
brown eyes.

My mom has
black hair.

3 Now write about someone in your family. Follow the model.

Example: My brother has brown hair and green eyes.

twenty-seven 27
Lesson 2

4 Look at the pictures of Brians siblings. Use two words to describe them.

a b

5 Read the description of Brians family. Take a look at the example and
underline the words that refer to people.

Brians Family 6

Isabel is my mom. She always smiles. She is a teacher

and she reads books all the time. She is very happy. Strategy
Camila and Claudia are my sisters. They listen to Try to get the meaning of a
music and watch movies. Sometimes, they are very full sentence or a paragraph
boring. They dont play volleyball with me. before using a dictionary.
Context can help you with
Carlos is my little brother. He plays with the dog
the words you dont know.
and the cat, but they always try to escape! He is an
energetic boy. Check Your Prediction
My uncle Felipe is very silly. He tells jokes all the time, Go back to page 25 and
but theyre not really funny. Together, we always have compare your prediction to
barbecues. There is also a lot of food. My brother is the information in the text.
always hungry!

6 Look at the pictures from activity 4. Write their names.

Picture a: Picture b:

7 Read Brians description again and complete the table.

Family Member Description Reason

Mom happy She always smiles.

He tells jokes

He plays with the pets.


28 twenty-eight Unit 1 My Life

After Reading Writing

1 Organize your ideas. Following the example below, make your own mind
map. Include 2-3 members of your family. Connect two characteristics
to each member of your family.
My Family Personal Pronouns
He is my brother.
mom grandma
She is my mother.
They are my sisters.
strict loving serious intelligent We are a family.

2 Write your ideas. Now, using Brians description (page 28), write a
description of your family. Include the characteristics from the mind
map (activity 1).

My Family


You can make

comments on a
partners text. Th
is called revising
and editing. One
3 Read a partners description. Are your families similar element of this
or different? Make a diagram in your notebook. process is sugges
the addition of
Example: more details to
a text. A good
Me Fran description help
s you
1 sister 1 dog No sisters communicate a

twenty-nine 29
7 Ma
4 3
5 6Math 1
Diverse families 7
Our world is more and more A family can be two people or ten

diverse, and that's true for families, people. It can have two moms, one
too. In the past, the "nuclear" family mom or no mom at all. It can have
was very common, but not anymore. a grandma. It can have one child
Today, more and more children live or six children! It can have children
with single parents, grandparents from around the world. Every

and same-sex parents as well as family is unique!
with families of mixed race, religion
or ethnicity. Variety is very common Adapted from http://www.tolerance.org
and differences are what make every
family special in a particular way.
Circle the definition of a family.

The people we are related to by blood. The people who love and support us.
1 What are three type of families mentioned in the text?
2 Mat
In the text, there is a word that describes every family. What is it?

3 Count the men and women in every picture and color the ranges.
Digital Activities

10 10 10 10 10 10
0 0 0 0 0 0

Girls and women Boys and men Girls and women Boys and men Girls and women Boys and men 6
30 thirty Unit 1 My Life

Make It!
Make a Schedule for the Week!
In groups, identify your activities for the week and organize them in a schedule.

Studying Lunch Materials

P.E. 1 white posterboard
Language Markers
Math Colored pencils, crayons,
Art glitter, colorful paper
or anything you can
Social decorate with
Studies Tape

1 Make a List!
Write a list of your classes and activities this week.
Include school activities and after school activities.

2 Organize Your List!

Organize your activities by day and time
Days of the week: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday.

3 Make a Calendar!
Use a ruler to make a 7x7 grid.
Write the days of the week on top.
Write times on the side.

4 Make Your Schedule!

Put your activities in the calendar.
Draw a picture to represent each activity.
Use different colors for different types
of activities.

5 Present Your Schedule to the Class!

After sharing your schedule, use the rubric your teacher gave
you and complete it according to the best aspects of your
presentation and the ones you need more practice with.

thirty-one 31
Checkpoi nt

1 Check the sentence to describe the face.

Im excited. Im tired. Im bored.

Im surprised. Im sad. Im angry.

Im tired. Im silly. Im happy.


2 Read the description of a family. Choose the correct picture.

I have a big family. There are 2 boys and 5 girls in it.

a b

My family is small. There is one boy and one girl, only.

He is my brother.

a b

32 thirty-two Unit 1 My Life


3 Listen 8 to the people talking. How do they feel? Circle the answer.

Person 1: excited - tired - sad Person 2: angry - happy - bored

Person 3: frustrated - silly - scared


4 There is one mistake in each sentence. Read the sentences, spot the mistakes and
correct them.
a. Lisa makes silly faces all the time! He makes me laugh.
b. Dad works a lot. She is a police officer.
c. My cousins fight every day. He act like cats and dogs.
d. She am a student and I go to school in the morning.

5 Can you explain your corrections? Follow the model to explain the other mistakes to
a partner.
Example: a. The sentence says, LisaHe Lisa is a she.


6 Ask for words in English. Follow the model to practice in pairs. Use the words
nervioso, enojado, cansado and feliz.
Example: Student A: How do you say sorprendido in English?
Student B: Sorprendido in English is surprised!

Self Evaluation

My favorite part of lessons In lessons 1 and 2 I completed these

1 and 2: goals:

Circle whats true for you. Speaking

Where did I use a learning strategy? activities are easy when I:
page review vocabula
see images connected
activity to the topic
have a mod
el to follow

thirty-three 33
In this lesson
Lesson 3 Friends & Free Time you will learn: To talk about
your favorite free time
Before Listening
1 Read the descriptions. Who do you think are friends? Why? Complete
the pairs.

Javiera Pedro Cecilia

I am very active. Sports My best friend and I
I love music! Hip-hop
are my passion! My best always have a great
is my favorite. I rhyme
friend is really different, time, but our hobbies
all day.
but thats ok. are super different!

Jorge Daniel Julieta

Rock music is great! I play My best friend is the Playing video games is
guitar. My best friend complete opposite from me, my number one hobby.
doesnt like it, but she is but thats not important. I watch movies, too.
crazy for music. We love each other. Sports? I'll pass!

and and and

2 Look at the pictures. Write the names of the activities using the words
in the box. Letter a is ready. Pay attention to the example.

painting - swimming - hockey - singing - cooking - acting

a b c

d e f

34 thirty-four Unit 1 My Life

3 Look at these people. Write the activities they represent. Draw lines to
the items they use in their activities.

swimsuit voice goal

ball microphone goggles


4 What activities do you think the kids from page 37 like? Compare your
ideas with a partner.

thirty-five 35
Lesson 3

1 Listen 9 to the song and complete the name of three sports.

a. o b. c

c. i

2 Listen 9 to the song again and complete the lyrics. Let's sing!

, and ,
, and ,
or biking,
Which one is the best?
Lets all watch the actors ,
Lets watch the final match,
Look at all the people ,
You decide the rest! Which one is the best?

3 In your opinion, what is a good name for the song? Why?

4 Do you know other songs about activities in English
Before listening to a
or Spanish?
recording, make sure
Example: Waka Waka by Shakira was the official you understand the
song for the 2010 World Cup. instructions. This will
help you to know what
Share your ideas with a classmate. to pay attention to when

36 thirty-six Unit 1 My Life


Our Hobbies
5 Listen 10 to three kids describing their favorite activities. Write the
name of the activity under the person.

Mara Carlos ngelo

6 Listen 10 again. Fill in the blanks with one word. Check Your Prediction
Are these kids hobbies
a. My name is Mara. I play this sport. There are different from what you
players on the team. My and I kick this black predicted? What elements
are not included in the picture?
and white ball around the field every weekend. My Discuss with a partner.
favorite activity is . I have a ball playing with
my friends!
b. My name is Carlos. I just love sports! I can go to a pool
or to the beach, it doesnt matter. My favorite activity is .
My friends say I am a fish because I never leave the water!
c. My name is Angelo. is the best! Writing songs
is really, really fun. Also, I can use my to make
My favorite activity is .

7 Match the expressions with their meanings.

Mara: I have a ball with them! He likes the activity a lot.

Carlos: My friends say I am He loves the water.

a fish!

ngelo: Its really, really fun! She enjoys the activity.

thirty-seven 37
Lesson 3

After Listening Speaking


Some free time

1 What is your favorite activity? activities:
playing music
My favorite activity is . watching movies
playing video games
2 Whats wrong with this picture? Circle what you think
is incorrect.
hanging out with
playing sports
surfing the internet

38 fourteen
thirty-eight Unit 1 My Life
3 What do you need to practice your favorite free time activity? Make a
list of items. Use a dictionary.

4 Ask 4 classmates what their favorite free time activities are and what
they need to practice them. Complete the table according to the
things you do ( ) or don't do ( ).

Free Time Activities

What do you What do I dont do
Classmate I do this
like doing? you need? this
Example: Tina playing chess chessboard, pieces,
another player

5 With a partner, discuss the information in activity 4. Follow the example.

Example: Tina plays chess, but I dont play chess. What about you?

thirty-nine 39
Lesson 4 Having Fun at School In this lesson
you will learn: To express
your likes and dislikes in
relation to school subjects.
Before Reading
1 Look at the books. What subjects are they for? Use the words in
the box.

History - Science - Math - Language

1. 2. 3. 4.

2 Find the school subjects in the word search.

C E X L E K N O L I Q Y L W A Language
I F C G N S X K O T L Q Z D T Math
E N W M G B I O L G O Y T M H Science
N U B A L A N G U A G E Q M B History
C R F Q I Y N E B P A I M J N English

40 forty Unit 1 My Life

3 Look at the faces to describe preferences. Write school subjects
below the face to show your preferences.

A ttitude
In your notebook, write
two suggestions for
I love it. I like it. Its OK. preparing before an
English class.

I dont really like it. I cant stand it. I hate it.

4 Read the words below. Group them in the table according to subject.

equations - book reports - drawings

numbers - vocabulary - collage

Art Math Language


5 Look at the text on page 43. What kind of text is it? Do you use Complementary
Digital Activities
this form of communication?

forty-one 41
Lesson 4

1 Look at Camilas schedule and choose what she
needs for school. Write it in the backpack. Use a
dictionary for new words.

8:00 - 9:30
English lunch
9:30 - 11:00
5 Break colored pencils
11:00 - 11:1
5 Art soccer ball
11:15 - 12:4
5 - 1:45 Lunchtime microphone
1 2:4
History dictionary
1:45 - 3:00
Soccer guitar
3:00 - 4:15

2 Complete the diagram. How do you contact people? Vocabulary

Mention at least two means of communication from the
Vocabulary box. Some common forms
of communication are:
the telephone
instant messaging
an email
social media
Communication a letter

Family Friends

42 forty-two Unit 1 My Life

3 Read the text below. 11

E-mail Retrieve E-mail

To: Pablo.gcr@mail.cl
Subject: 5th grade - So excited!!!
5th grade
Hey Pablo! Strategy
Today is my first day of 5th grade. I am nervous In order to remember and
but I am also excited. I have many classes this practice the pronunciation
year. My favorite class is Math. new words, you can create
I love numbers and equations. There are other a list of words that rhyme.
classes, like History and Science. For example, mail rhymes
with whale.
I cant stand Science. History is not terrible, but
I dont really like it. Its too much to remember! Check Your Prediction
Other classes I like are Art and Music because Circle the elements that
I like to be creative. When is your first day of helped you predict the type
school? Which classes do you like? Is there any of text in page 41.
class you can't stand?
Talk to you soon!

4 What subjects does Camila like? Read the email again and complete
the table.

Camilas preferences

Camila likes... Camila doesnt like...

5 Write examples of what Camila says about the subjects she likes and
the ones she doesnt like.
Example: Math - I love numbers and equations.

forty-three 43
Lesson 4

After Reading Writing

1 Think about the subjects you like and the ones you dont like. What do
you like and dislike about them?

Your Preferences
Subjects What I like Subjects What I dont like
I like about them I dont like about them
Example: Math numbers,

2 How do you feel when you have those classes? Complete

the sentences. Tips
a. When I have , I feel .
Creating Questions
b. When I have , I feel . You can modify a ques
c. When ,I . to create new ones.Fo
example, the question
d. . "How do you feel when
have those classes? ca
be modified to say "H
do you feel when you ha
s t! ve
k Fa Science classes?"
Thin nce Now we have a new
n s to e x p ress prefere
o express io question that will give
Connect tw nit 1.
s o r e m o ti ons from U access to new informat
with feeling

44 forty-four Unit 1 My Life

3 Write an email to a friend. Tell him/her your likes and dislikes in
relation to school subjects.

E-mail Retrieve E-mail




See you soon,

4 Share your email with a partner. Do you have similar opinions?

Complete the table.

Our Preferences
We have the same We have different
opinions about... opinions about...

When revis
ing a text
that is not v
ery clear,
you can sug
gest your
partner to
go back to
the model.
This way,
they can ch
eck if all th
characterist e
ic elements
of that type
of text are
present in th

forty-five 45
Lets Players
take turn
means yo s flipping
ed: a coin. H
y t h is g ame you ne Tails mea
u move fo
rward tw eads
To pla ns you m
ove forwa
o square
A coin you Comple rd one.
s to us e as pieces before m
te the ch
allenge in
Item squares. oving to t you
put on the The firs he next o r square
t player t ne.
A partn o finish th
e board w

S t a r t
Name three Name Only sports
school subjects something you are free time
you have today. like. activities.
True or false?

What are your Is I cant stand

Go back to favorite free Miss a turn a positive
the Start time activities? expression?

Name three How many Name Go forward

family people are there something you
two spaces!
relationships in your family? dont like.

Finish What do you Name two Mention three

need to play school subjects things that
tennis? you dont have your best friend
today. loves.

46 forty-six Unit 1 My Life


Make It!
Next Evaluations
In groups, prepare to organize your study according to the upcoming (next)
tests in a calendar.
In order to make this calendar, you need:
rboards (or m
1 What to Study for and When?
3 w h it
e p o ste

Make a list of all the subjects you ncils, crayons,
Colored pe ou
have. Organize the information lo rfu l p a p e r or anything y
that you have about them. can decorate
When are the upcoming tests or
quizzes? Do you know what is Tape
included on them?

3 Fill in the Calendar

2 The Structure Complete the blank pages of
Make a blank calendar. your calendar with the upcoming
Remember you have evaluations. Include information
to put information in it, like the subject and the content
so make it big. You can to be evaluated. You can give
make pages for the next every subject a different color, so
three months or for the it looks more organized.
rest of year, if you prefer.

5 Share Your Calendar

Your calendar is ready! Present
The Final Touch
4 Not everything can be
it to the class. Show them the
information you included and
studied. Include days tell them what upcoming tests
you can all get togeth feel like a challenge to you and
. Yo u which subjects you like. Tell
and relax after tests
can also include othe your class about the dates you
important dates in yo marked but are not related to
je ctive is school, too. Finally, post your
calendar. The ob
in a
to organize your study calendar in the classroom, so
friendly way. its useful to everybody.

forty-seven 47
Synthesis Unit 1
g u age
Lan 1 Complete the diagram with ideas from the unit. Remember to use
vocabulary related to family, activities and school.

There is Number of people:

There are Number of people:

2 Look for a question to ask about the number of people in a family on page 25.

3 Write a sentence describing a person from your family. Circle the adjective you use.

4 Write a sentence expressing your likes/dislikes about a school subject.

48 forty-eight Unit 1 My Life

My 1 What are the topics that relate to these images from page 16?
og ress
Topic Related words





2 Complete the table according to your progress in this Unit.

Something I liked about this unit: I need more practice with:

Circle. For me, learning English is:

Three important words or expressions
fun ok
I learned in this unit:
a little dif

forty-nine 49
Review Unit 1

1 Unscramble the names of the free time activities. Then, draw a line to connect them
with the correct item.




2 Ask six classmates about their favorite free time activity. What is the most popular
activity in the group?

Classmate 1: Classmate 4:

Classmate 2: Classmate 5:

Classmate 3: Classmate 6:

Most Popular Activity:


3 Write one thing that you like and one thing that you dont like for three school
subjects that you have today.

Todays School Subjects

Today I have... Something I like Something I dont like

50 fifty Unit 1 My Life


4 Work with a partner. Use the expressions to give your opinion on different ideas.

I dont really
I hate it. I cant like it. I love it.
I like it.
stand it.
It's OK.

a. Physical education class

b. Action movies
c. Soccer matches
d. Hanging out with friends


5 Listen 12 to four children describing their families. Write the family members
they mention.






6 What do you think are three benefits of working in a methodic way when learning
a new language? Discuss with a partner.

Digital Activities

fifty-one 51
2 We L i ve

H e re

52 fifty-two Unit 2 We Live Here


Write two more activities tha
you can do where you live.

Tell a partner the name of the

people that do the activities
with you.

fifty-three 53
d e a s Show your previous knowledge
1 These images represent concepts. What do you think they
are? Use your imagination!

2 Read the fable The Mouse and the Lion. What is the moral? Mark it

One day a lion wakes up to see a small mouse.

SWAT! He traps the mouse. The mouse says Please!
Dont hurt me! and the lion lets him go free.
A few days later, the lion is trapped in a net. The
mouse sees him and uses his little teeth to break
the net and the lion is free.

Everyone is helpful in some way.

Its important to be nice to your friends.

e unit and
Look at th
A museum
a hous e
Rooms of
tion Page:
A d esc rip
of a coun
h a vin g
a conversa

54 fifty-four Unit 2 We Live Here


o a l s Plan your strategies
1 Read the goals for this unit.

Reading Writing Attitudes

Showing cu
Read about people Write about your riosity to
learn more
shopping in their neighborhood and about your
reality and c
neighborhood. the places in it. ulture as we
as others, e ll
People describing A brochure about a xpanding
your world
their countries. country. view.

Interview classmates abou
Listen to and understand the objects in their houses.
people talking about their ces
Describe your favorite pla
rooms. n.
a city. in your city or tow
Dif ferent descriptions of

2 Mark
ark the things you want to do by the end of the unit. What other
personal goal do you have?

Talk about my house Name places in a neighborhood

Identify 10 countries Describe places in my town


3 Read the sentences in the box. These are strategies to learn English.

Have someone read my text Verify that the other person

before the final version. understands what I say.
Understand the task before Check a text quickly and then
going through the audio. read it carefully.

4 Complete the ideas using strategies from activity 2.

A good listening strategy A good speaking strategy

. .

A good reading strategy A good writing strategy

. .

fifty-five 55
Lesson 1 My Room, My House In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
your neighborhood and the
people who work there.
Before Listening

1 Look at the picture and try to guess the names of the rooms.

dining room
living room

2 Answer the following questions:

a. Which is your favorite room of the house? Questions and
affirmative sentences
have different word
b. Which is your least favorite room? order. Be careful when
answering a question.
c. Which room does your family spend more time in? Which one is your
My bedroom is the
small one.

56 fifty-six Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Match the following objects to the corresponding room. Draw lines.

sofa toothbrush pillow


bathroom living room kitchen

food razor dental floss

4 Listen 15 and repeat to practice the sounds of letters th, h and ch:

Three kids are throwing
a ball inside the house.
Repetition is very
Heres some chocolate. important when
Now change your clothes you pronounce new
and go outside. sounds. Pay attention
to the recordings
and your teacher
and try to use new
words in original
sentences. With time
Predict and practice, English
sounds will become
5 Look at activity 4 on page 59. What other objects do you think more natural to you.
the kids have in their rooms?

fifty-seven 57
Lesson 1

1 Listen 16 and complete.

garden - bathroom - kitchen - living room - bedroom

a. Where is dad?
Hes in the .
b. Where is mom?
Shes in the .
c. Wheres grandma?
Shes in the .
d. Wheres grandpa?
Hes in the .
e. Wheres the dog?
Hes in the .

2 Unscramble the words. Use a dictionary to help you.

A dictionary is a great tool
when learning vocabulary.
Its not important if you
use a traditional or an
online one, the important
thing is that you consider
almp uncairst this element when you
communicate in English.

esbddei elatb lrdwo mpa

58 fifty-eight Unit 2 We Live Here


What Do You Have in Your Room?

3 Listen 17 to these three children talking about their rooms.

Pamela Cristian Carolina

4 Write the name of the owner according to the listening.

5 Listen 17 the children one more time and complete the blank spaces.

Pamela: In my bedroom I have closet and

a small bedside table. There are red
and there is a .

Cristian: I have big windows in my room, I also have a .

There are two because we share the
room with my brother and there is a poster of our
favorite music on the wall.

Carolina: There are many in my

Check Your Prediction
room. I have a huge world map on the
Where there any similarities
wall because I like geography, there is with your prediction of the
objects? What similar objects
also a and there are many do you have in your room? Tell
a classmate about them.

fifty-nine 59
Lesson 1

After Listening Speaking

1 Practice the dialogue with a partner by using your own

information for the words in bold. Tips
A: Hey Tom! Do you have a TV in your bedroom? from
Use elements
your own life
B: Hi Rose! No, I dont. But there is one TV in the living room. ng in a
Is there a dining room in your house? e. Your
new languag
own experienc
A: Yes, there is. There is a table with six chairs in our dining a lit y w ill
and re
room. ake
help you to m
connections in
B: Nice! And what objects do you have in your bedroom? mind.
A: I have a small bed, two pillows and eight books.

B: Cool! I have two rackets and a tennis ball at home. Do you

want to play?
A: Sure!

2 Complete the first column of the table.

Things at Home

You: Partner 1: Partner 2: Partner 3:

What are two

things you
have in the

Is there a
garden in your

How many
beds are there
in your house?

What are 3
things you
have in your

60 sixty Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Ask three classmates the questions in activity 2 and complete
the table on page 60.
A tt it u d e
4 With a partner, compare your answers and make a list of all the What things call
objects you have in common. your attention wh
another person
describes his or
her life? Discuss
the reasons with

ink t you
Th to your house tha
th re e w o rds related
Write n:
rn e d d u ri n g this lesso

sixty-one 61
Lesson 2 My Neighborhood In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
your neighborhood and the
people who work there.
Before Reading
1 Which places do you think appear on the map? Write them down.
Example: a school.

2 Read Matis description of his neighborhood.


Welcome to my neighborhood! Word Groups

Hi, Im Matas, I live in Mirasol. Groups of words are easy
It is a nice neighborhood in Puerto to learn when they are
Montt. Here, you can find a hospital, connected to an idea or
a mall, supermarkets and seafood concept. For example,
restaurants, among other places. house, supermarket, bus
stop, park and school are
words that relate to the
concept of neighborhood.

3 Write a brief description about your own neighborhood.

draw Welcome to my neighborhood!

Hi, Im , I live in .
In my neighborhood you can find ,
face , , ,
among other places.

62 sixty-two Unit 2 We Live Here

4 Look at the map and underline the words in the box that indicate

My house

The bank is behind my house. The caf is in front of my house.

There is a street between my house
The supermarket is next to the bank.
and the toy store.

5 Where do they work? Match each person to their workplace.


6 Look at the text on page 64. What is a good place to buy a present?

sixty-three 63
Lesson 2

1 Read the text below.

Lets buy a present 18

Diego and Javiera want to buy a present for their grandfather
When reading a text with
on his 75th birthday. There are lots of shops where they live. visual aids, try to connect
The veterinarian is between the music caf and the computer them with the text.
& games store, the grocery store is next to the shoe store. The According to this text, is the
bus stop is in front of the flower storeThere is also a clothes image correct?
shop, a bakery and a post office. Check Your Prediction
After shopping, they go to the caf. There, Diego eats a What information from the
chocolate cake, Javiera drinks some orange juice and their text can help you check your
prediction from page 63?
mother drinks a cup of coffee. Then, at six oclock, their
Do you want to change it
mother takes them to the movies: They see Adventure in the now that you know who the
Desert and they love it! After the movie, they go back home. present is for?

2 Answer these questions choosing the right picture. Mark the correct letter.
Who is the present for?

a b c

64 sixty-four Unit 2 We Live Here


Where do they go after shopping?


a b c

What does the mother drink at the caf?

a b c

3 Tick what you can buy in Javiera and Diegos neighborhood.

a. dog e. computer
b. cake f. bananas
c. guitar g. cheese
d. notebook

4 What do you think they give their grandfather? Discuss with a partner.

5 Read the ending of the story and find out.

At 8 o'clock, they go to their grandfathers house.

There is a big chocolate cake with 75 candles on
it on the table! Diego and Javiera are very
excited because they want to see their
grandfathers face when he opens the
present. After singing and eating some
cake, the grandfather opens the present:
it is a beautiful yellow sweater. Their
grandfather looks at them and says, Thank
you, kids. Yellow is my favorite color!

sixty-five 65
Lesson 2

After Reading Writing

1 Make a list of six important places in your neighborhood and use

symbols to identify them.
Example: bank $

2 Draw a map of your neighborhood. You can use the symbols to

identify the different places.

City hall Tips
Revision and
rewriting are
important parts
creating a text. O
peoples suggestio
and comments ca
Park n
be useful for you.

Caf Mall

66 sixty-six Unit 2 We Live Here

My Neighborhood

3 Where are the places? Exchange your map with a

classmate and write a short description mentioning the Language
places in their map. Use Javiera and Diegos description Use there is and
as a model. (page 64) there are to mention
places you can find in
the neighborhood.

4 Read your classmates description of your map. Is it Tips

accurate? Make the necessary corrections. ary
Deleting unnecess
information is a
part of revising a
text. This is especia
pe s
important for ty
of texts where
specific information
is the objective of
your writing.

Digital Activities

sixty-seven 67
Legends and Myths 19

A legend is a story about a past event, in which real characters are usually involved,
but there is no evidence to prove it happened. On the other hand, a myth is mainly
fiction and fantasy. It usually includes super natural elements and characters.

The Girl, the Condor and the Hummingbird

The girl is knitting when a condor The hummingbird and the girl fly
dressed up as a young man appears. out of the cave and go home. At
He invites the girl to go for a walk night, the family hides the girl but
to the beautiful valleys and she the condor looks everywhere for
accepts. Suddenly, his arms turn her. The next day, the condor arrives
little by little into big wings, and to her house. The father of the girl
he flies away with the girl over the scalds his face and neck with very
mountains. The condor leaves her hot water. The hot water burns the
in a distant cave full of rocks. He condor and he loses the feathers on
wants to marry the girl high above his head and neck. The condor gets
the immense mountain range, but furious with the hummingbird and
she misses her family and friends. eats him. Because the hummingbird
The next morning, while the is so small, he escapes and is free.
condor is flying above the desert, a
hummingbird appears and tells the This is why all hummingbirds have
girl, I will take you back to your a green collar and why condors
village if you give me your green have no feathers on their heads
necklace. She immediately accepts and necks.
and gives him the necklace.

1 Discuss with a classmate.

Do you believe this story really happened?
Is this a legend or a myth? Why?
Write the name of more myths or legends that you know in the space below.

Legend Myth

68 sixty-eight Unit 2 We Live Here


Make It!
A Great Place in My Neighborhood
Every neighborhood has a historical
or special store, church, park, Create a flyer to prom
ote this place.
museum or restaurant that is worth For this, you need:
visiting. How would you promote a 1 white or color po
ster board
great place in order to make other Markers
people visit it? Colored pencils
Flyers are a great idea to give Scissors
information about places or events we Cut outs of words,
pictures or
would like people to attend or visit. anything you can de
corate with

1 In pairs, think
about a historical
or special place in
your neighborhood.

2 4 Share your

Write a brief
description of the
3 Include pictures and
colorful drawings.
flyer with your

place including Remember, flyers are

the following meant to get peoples
Location (city,
interest in what you
are showing them.
5 After seeing other
flyers created by
Why it is your classmates,
historical or what places
special would you like
to visit? Did you
What you can
know about these
find there
places already?
Opening and Share your ideas
closing hours with the class.

sixty-nine 69
Checkpoi nt

1 Write four rooms in your house. Ask a partner to mention two items from each room.

Room Room

Room Room


2 Read the riddles and guess what the secret occupation is.

Is it your birthday? I have your

I help with big problems, like
cake. Do you want a sandwich?
a house on fire. A kitty on a
Let me make the bread.
tree? Of course I'll help!

Do you want to learn Math?

I know that! Add or subtract?
You have to be exact. I can
teach you that.


3 Listen 20 to the words and circle the odd one out. Whats different about it?

a. thin thick them thanks

b. hot honor horrible huge

c. chat Chicago chance cheese

70 seventy Unit 2 We Live Here


4 House bingo. Draw a pencil, a cat and a person in different rooms. With a partner,
take turns asking about their location. The first one to guess them all wins!

Example: Is the in the ? Yes, it is. / No, it isnt.

bathroom bedroom

kitchen dining room living room

Self Evaluation

My favorite part of lessons In lessons 1 and 2 I completed these

1 and 2: goals:

Circle whats true for you. Listening

A difficult activity in lessons 1 and 2. activities are easy when I:

page predict the topic

listen to the audio
more than one time.
see pic

seventy-one 71
In this lesson
Lesson 3 My Town you will learn: To describe
places in your city or town.

Before Listening
1 Help these friends to go to where they want. Draw their routes on
the map.

I want to go to I want to go to
I want to go to I want to go to I want to go
the school. the museum.
the library. the zoo. to the pool.

2 Discuss with a partner and complete.

a. There are animals in the .
b. I can swim at the .
c. What places can you find in your town?

72 seventy-two Unit 2 We Live Here

3 The names of these places and things are wrong. Write the correct names.

factory bridge lake statue

4 Complete the sentences with words from activity 3.

a. There are fish and ducks in the small . They are swimming!
b. There is a big near my town. They make toys there!
c. There are many cars on the long .
d. There is a of a horse in the park. Its really beautiful.

5 Look at the pictures and choose an adjective to describe Language

them. Write the opposite word too.
Adjectives are used to
describe places, objects,
long tall - small people, animals, etc.
For example: big, small,
long, short, beautiful,
ugly, friendly, playful, old,
new and expensive.

6 Look at activity 1 on page 74. Try to predict the parts of the city
mentioned in the audio.

seventy-three 73
Lesson 3

1 Think of two words to describe each picture. You can use the
adjectives on page 73, a dictionary or ask your teacher for help.


2 Listen 21 and tick the boxes according to the words Claudia, Jaime
and Paula use to describe these places.

restaurant theater stadium lake zoo park







74 seventy-four Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Now listen 22 to the people from activity 2 talk about their Language
tour around the city. Complete the table with the adjectives
they use. Are they similar to the ones you used in activity 1? Remember to use is with a
singular noun (1 ) and are
with plural nouns (> 1).
Jaime Paula Claudia Example:
The cat is friendly. (1 noun)
The dog and the cat are
friendly. (2 nouns)

Check Your Prediction


Did you guess the places

correctly? What other places
of a city are interesting
to you? Comment with a

Buildings Lake Restaurant

City Stadium Supermarkets

4 Look at the information you have about the city described in activities
2 and 3. Write 4 sentences and share them with a classmate.
Example: The theater is old. / The museums are beautiful.

The City

4 Complementary
Digital Activities

seventy-five 75
Lesson 3

After Listening Speaking

1 Think about your city and brainstorm a list of your favorite places in it.
Use the space below to write down your ideas.

2 Choose four places from activity 1 and think of their characteristics.

Use the table below to organize your ideas.

Place Characteristics
Place 1

Place 2

Place 3

Place 4

76 seventy-six Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Follow the model and describe one of your places to your partner.
Listen to your partners description and draw what you imagine.


Gesturing can help

you to express your
idea to someone
else. Communication
is more than speaking
or writing; our body
language plays an
Example: The stadium is very modern important role too.
and big. The seats are blue and the
field is green. I think it's really beautiful.

4 Show your partner your drawing and see how similar your idea was
to the real place. Repeat activities 3 and 4 with another partner.

seventy-seven 77
Lesson 4 My Country In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
countries and identify
Before Reading
1 Answer The Chile Quiz by ticking T (true) or F (false).

True False

There are many volcanoes in the north of Chile.

There is one desert in Chile: The Atacama Desert.

Cartagena, Playa Amarilla and El Quisco are beaches

located in the Coquimbo region.

Easter Island is famous for its moais.

In Valdivia, you can see the Calle Calle river.

2 Answer the questions.

Which continent is it located in?

What is the name of your country? .

Do you like your country? Why?

What is the capital of your country?

. .

78 seventy-eight Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Here are some animals you can find in Chile. Match them with the
correct names. With a partner, find out where they live.

flamingo - mountain lion - sea lion

alpaca - condor - chinchilla

4 With a partner, mention two characteristics of each animal Vocabulary

in activity 3. You can use the words from the Vocabulary box
or a dictionary. Here are some useful
words to describe
5 Choose one of the animals above and describe it. Where animals:
does it live? small, big, fast, slow,
black, grey, white, brown,
The is . hairy, furry

It lives in .
A tt it u d e
In your notebo
6 What is the name of New Zealand's indigenous people? write two ques
that you ask a
a. Rapa Nui b. Maori you meet for th
e first
time. Compare
with a

seventy-nine 79
Lesson 4

1 Read the brochure and match the paragraphs to the pictures. 23

to commemorate the
process of independence.
3. The island is home to many
New types of animals, mainly
Z ealand birds and insects. These
1. New Zealand is a group of include the giant weta. The
islands in the South Pacific giant weta is three times
Ocean, Oceania. Australia is heavier than a mouse!
more than 1,000 kilometers However, in the last 1,000
away. More than 4.6 million years, over half of New
people live in New Zealand. Zealand's wild animals
have disappeared.
2. The Maori are the
indigenous people of 4. Today, the most important
New Zealand. In the 18 th industry in New Zealand
century, the British came to is tourism. There are
New Zealand. The country mountains, rivers, lakes,
obtained independence and beaches. The weather
from Britain in 1947. A is warm for most of the
national holiday called year, but there is also a lot
Waitangi Day is celebrated of rain.

2 Complete the fact file using the information in activity 1. Strategy

Ideas in texts are divided
Country name: in paragraphs. Usually,
you will find the main idea
of a paragraph in its first
Location: sentence.

People and culture: Check Your Prediction

Did you guess the name of
Animals: New Zealand's indigenous
people? What is the
nationality of this island's
Nature: people? Find out with a

3 Circle the capital letters in the brochure. Then, mark the circles
according to the situations when we always use capital letters.

Countries Types of animals Names of oceans Nationalities

80 eighty Unit 2 We Live Here

4 Read what these people say. Where are they from? Fill in the blanks.

I imagine that everyone Im Carlos. My language

knows the Great Chinese is Portuguese, and that's
Wall. I'm Chao-Xing and not common in Europe. Language
Im from . Im from .
Is there a rule for
Why is it New Zealander
and not New Zealandean?
Some people dont My names Sophie. There arent any rules to
guess the nationalities of
know that Justin Bieber Im from . countries. The more you
is Canadian, like me. Every person I meet read, the more you learn.

My name's Jim, from says Youre Irish, like

. Bono!

5 Guess these kids nationalities. Complementary

Digital Activities

She is

They are

He is

eighty-one 81
Lesson 4

After Reading Writing

1 Name these countries. Choose one country and use the internet or
books to find information about them.

2 Organize the information from activity 1 using these categories.

Location: Where is it?

People: Who lives there?

Nature and animals: How would you

describe the place?

Customs: What special days or festivities

are there?

Industry: What are the main activities?

82 eighty-two Unit 2 We Live Here

3 Write about the country you chose. Remember to bring pictures to
complete your text next class. You can also design your brochure
using a computer!

4 Exchange your text with a classmate and read his or her work. What
suggestions can you make?

5 Take a look at your classmates suggestions and apply the ones Tips
you consider necessary.
Every text has
audience. Ma
ke sure
that your mate
rial can
catch the atten
of the people
receives your
Consider thei
r age,
hobbies, abili
ties and
other interest

eighty-three 83
ay, you ne
Lets To p l
in es
A co o use as piec
Play st
Item squares
on the r!
A pa

1 3
Start Mention 4 rooms
of a house.
What four
things are there
Say three things
you have in your
in your house? room.

7 5
Look around
the classroom.
6 4
Does a nurse Miss a What is your
work in a favorite place
is between school? turn in your city or
and town?

9 11
8 10
Name a river, a Describe an Mention 2 animals
mountain and
Go back to important in the south of
an island from the start attraction from your Chile.
your country. region in two words.

13 12
Finish What are four
places in your
Amit is Indian.
He is from
from Ireland is
neighborhood? called

84 eighty-four Unit 2 We Live Here


Make It!
An Imaginary Country
In groups, prepare to imagine a country and its characteristics.
In order to present your ideas, you need:
1 or 2 white poster b
1 Where Is Your Country Located?
Choose the continent where your
Colored pen
cils, crayons,
paper or
country will be located. Remember glitter, colorful h
that the weather of your country yt h in g yo u ca n decorate wit
a n
depends on its location. Cut outs of d
Imagine what kind of landscapes landscapes
and different places there are in your
country. Is it divided by regions? Does
it have beaches, mountains, lakes or
rivers? Have fun being creative with
this step.

3 Bring in Tourists
2 The Name
Your country needs
Show your country to the rest of the
world. Use your cut outs and other
decorative elements to create a
a name, so the world poster for your country. Include the
knows about it. important information like its capital
Also, think about the city, how it is divided, the different
nationality of the people weather and landscapes present in
of your country. your imaginary country.

4 The Flag
5 A Country Is Born
Design the
flag of your Present your country to the rest
country. Th
ink about c of the class. Tell them about its
or symbols olors
that represe characteristics and what is great
the country nt
and its peo about it. Show your poster and
You can do ple.
this on the your flag and then put it up
of your pos back
ter from ste
use a differe p 4 or so everyone can think of the
nt poster b wonderful place you created
at any time.

eighty-five 85
Synthesis Unit 2
uag e
L a ng 1 Draw a dog biscuit according to the preposition of place.

a. in front of b. between c. next to d. in

5 Use three adjectives to describe where you live (neighborhood, town or city).


6 Complete the table with the endings of nationalities. Write two examples for each

-an -ian -ese -ish other


86 eighty-six Unit 2 We Live Here

My s 1 What are the topics that relate to the images from page 54?
rog res
Topic Related words





2 Complete the table according to your progress in this Unit.

My favorite page of the unit: I need more practice with:

Circle. For me, talking about the

place where I live is:
Three important words or expressions
easy very difficult
I learned in this unit:
a little difficult
Why? Discuss with a partner.

eighty-seven 87
Review Unit 2

1 Find five places in the word search:



2 Complete the sentences with the appropriate word (example: is, are, long, big,
tall, etc.).
a. The statues tall.
b. The Manhattan bridge long.
c. The computer factory modern.
d. Museums are usually .
e. Chile is a country.


3 Write three adjectives that describe animals.

4 With a partner, make a list of the rooms in your house and practice
pronouncing them.

88 eighty-eight Unit 2 We Live Here


5 Listen 24 to the conversation and write down the Chilean animals mentioned.


6 Use the words from the box to define what these pictures show.

island - volcano - valley - desert


7 With a partner, ask each other the following question: Is it important to be

curious about realities different from yours? Why? Compare your ideas with
another pair.

eighty-nine 89
3 i o u s !

De l i c

90 ninety Unit 3 Delicious!


ts from Chile
Write three elemen
represented in the im

Te ll a pa rt ne r th e location of a place

to buy food in your ne

ninety-one 91
d e a s Show Your Previous Knowledge
1 These images are connected to this unit. What do you
think they represent? Write at least two sentences.

2 Read the fable and discuss the questions.

A very hungry dog walks into a vineyard with many grapes. The
grapes are very high on the tree and the dog cannot reach them.
He jumps and jumps and jumps, but they are too high. He walks
away and thinks I am sure those grapes have a terrible flavor.

a. What is the moral of the story?

b. What do you do when you cant reach your goals?

e unit and fi
Look at th
A city in C
A clock
preparing Page:
A cup of c

92 ninety-two Unit 3 Delicious!


o a l s Plan Your Strategies
1 Read the goals for this unit.

Reading Writing Attitudes

People describing A dish from your other
people's re
typical foods from country that you like. alities
and culture
their countries. Describing a s, valuing
diversity in
Advertising for restaurants offering. dif ferent

Listening Speaking
Describing the
Listening to a
ingredients of your
conversation about
favorite food.
food and where it
comes from. Showing how to cook
a dish.
Listening and
following a recipe.

2 Complete three sentences to express what you want to know when you
finish the unit.
By the end of the unit, I want to
By the end of the unit,

3 Look at the pictures and choose the appropriate title for each of them. In
your opinion, whats the correct order?

Make Make Use previous Ask questions

inferences predictions knowledge

ninety-three 93
Lesson 1 Food in Chile In this lesson
you will learn: To talk
about the food you usually
eat, mentioning singulars
Before Listening and plurals.

1 Tick the places where you can buy these things:

milkshake cabbage bread

pharmacy clothes shop clothes shop

grocery store pet shop pet shop

caf grocery store grocery store

2 Read the words and repeat the pronunciation after your teacher.

rice fruits tomato potato

apple grapes corn lettuce

3 Look and write. Use a dictionary for new words. Pay attention to the
Language box on page 95.

+ = a banana and an orange

+ =
+ =
94 ninety-four Unit 3 Delicious!
4 Look at these pictures and guess which food they relate
to. Draw lines.

Singular nouns
Use a + noun starting
on consonants:
a house
french fries tomatoes a lamp
Use an + noun starting
on vowels:
an orange
an animal
Plural nouns
Use -s at the end of
oil orange the noun:
potato potatoes
tomato tomatoes
cherry cherries
ketchup olives

juice potatoes

5 Listen 27 and repeat. What is the difference between

the two groups of words?

chocolate - children shampoo - shower

6 Look at page 97. What will the recording be about? Exceptions
Select one option: For some words, ch
is pronounced like sh:
a. Colors of the food
b. Cooking
c. Where fruits and vegetables come from brochure
d. Junk food

ninety-five 95
Lesson 1

1 Write two examples for each word. Use words in English.

junk food

2 Answer these questions:

a. What fruits and vegetables are the most popular in Chile? Write
your ideas in the box below.

b. Is the tomato a fruit or a vegetable? Ask five classmates what they

think about it.

Tomato Survey

Classmate 1

Classmate 2

Classmate 3

Classmate 4

Classmate 5

96 ninety-six Unit 3 Delicious!


Foods from Chile

3 Listen 28 to Mr. Lpez talk about food with his students. Match their
names to each picture according to what they mention.

1 Johnny 2 Mr. Lpez 3 Andrea

4 According to the listening, the tomato is . Check Your Prediction

What helped you predict the
topic of the audio? Imagine
5 Match the fruits and vegetables to the places where they a different title and share it
come from. with a partner.




ninety-seven 97
Lesson 1

After Listening Speaking

1 Think
hink about a typical dish from your country and make
a list of the main ingredients below.
Example: Pastel de Choclo
Ingredients: corn, onions, meat, chicken,
eggs and olives.

Write your ideas here:



2 Work in pairs:
a. Write only the ingredients of the dish in small pieces of paper and
give them to a partner for him or her to guess.

onions olives corn chicken eggs meat

b. Draw the main ingredient to give your partner a clue.


98 ninety-eight Unit 3 Delicious!

3 Try to guess another pairs dish.

4 Answer these questions:

Whats your favorite fruit?
Whats your favorite vegetable?
A fruit or vegetable that you dont like is .

5 Ask 5 classmates the same questions. Complete the table:

Fruits and Veggies

Whats your Whats your A fruit or vegetable

favorite fruit? favorite vegetable? that you dont like:

Classmate 1

Classmate 2

Classmate 3

Classmate 4

Classmate 5

6 Compare the information from activities 4 and 5 with two more

classmates and find out:
The most popular fruit:
The most popular vegetable:
The least popular fruit or vegetable:

ninety-nine 99
Lesson 2 Food Around the World In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
food and relate countries
to nationalities.
Before Reading
1 Do you recognize these dishes? Write the names in the spaces below.

a. b.

c. d.

2 Look at what these children say about food in their countries and
identify where they are from. Draw lines to the flags.

Rice is very important In my country, we

in my country, so people are very famous for
eat it a lot. We also like our delicious pasta
fish and vegetables. and pizza.

100 one hundred Unit 3 Delicious!

3 Look at the dishes and the ingredients below them. Circle the odd
one out.

cheese corn onions

tomato avocado egg

4 Write two more fruits, vegetables or food for each flavor.

sweet sour

bitter salty


5 Look at the pictures of food on page 102. Which one looks delicious
to you? Can you guess where it is from?

one hundred one 101

Lesson 2

1 Read Barbara and Felipes posts about food from their Strategy
countries. Underline the words similar to Spanish ones.
When words in different
Match the profiles to the names.
languages look similar and
Traditional Foods 29 mean the same, we call
them cognates. This can
a. Hello! My name is Barbara. The typical foods help you to understand a
text faster, but be careful
in my country are ratatouille (with many vegetables)
because not every word
and soupe l'oignon (with onions, beef, croutons that looks similar means the
and cheese). People drink a lot of coffee too! same. Always check with a
dictionary or your teacher.
b. Hi! Im Felipe. In my country, feijoada and
Check Your Prediction
moqueca are the typical foods. Feijoada has
Was the prediction for this
black beans, sausages and pork; and moqueca is a
text easy to make? Why?
dish with fish, tomatoes, basil and garlic. People like Discuss with a partner.
fruit juices a lot, like coconut or orange juice.

added 22 new photos to the added 22 new photos to the

album "Foods and drinks from my country" album "Foods and drinks from my country"

Like - Comment - Share Like - Comment - Share

2 Find the ingredients for the dishes from activity 1 in the

word search.

Soupe loignon Moqueca


102 one hundred two Unit 3 Delicious!

3 Answer these questions according to the posts on page 102.

a. Where is Barbara from? What is her nationality?

She is from .
She is .
b. Where is Felipe from? What is his nationality?
c. What are the words in Spanish for these words?
croutons basil

4 Scan the text and complete this table with the missing information.
Complete the last row with your own information.

Food around the World

Name Traditional foods Traditional drinks Country Nationality

Person 1

Person 2


A tt it u d e
5 Compare with a partner. Do you have the same information? In your notebook
, write
three countries th
Whats different? at
you think contrib
ute to
Chilean food cultu
Compare your an
Fast! with a partner.

Th ink u find on pages 102

ates can yo
What cogn ? Circle all of th
em. Complementary
and 103 Digital Activities

one hundred three 103

Lesson 2

After Reading Writing

1 Answer the questions. Pay attention to the example.

Are lemons sour or bitter?
Lemons are sour.
a. Are cherries sweet or sour?

b. Is chocolate bitter or salty?

c. Are French fries salty or sour?

d. Is cheese sweet or salty?

2 Mention three different foods you like and describe their flavor.
Example: I like orange juice. It is sweet and sour.

3 Create a new kind of soup. Include as many ingredients

as you like. Dont forget to give it a name.

Soupe loignon Your soup:

104 one hundred four Unit 3 Delicious!

4 What about your favorite dishes? Follow the model and write about
them. Use a dictionary for vocabulary or ask your teacher.

Hi, my name is Tatiana.

My favorite food is frijoles. Its
a Mexican food with beans, onions
and garlic. I usually eat frijoles
for lunch. I love this food. I also
like tacos with meat, tomatoes and
avocado. I love these dishes!

5 Share your information with three classmates. What other dishes and
ingredients do they mention?

one hundred five 105

e R a inbow Die
Th t
1 Write the correct word under each picture.

heart - bones - brain - muscle

2 Read and color the food. 30

In our planet, many plants

provide food. You need
to eat different colored garlic, Green foods, like
W h ite foods, like this lettuce,
foods to stay healthy. scles.
build strong mu make bones stro

Red foods, like these

ds, like tomatoes, are good
Yellow foo
anas, are for the heart.
these ban
e skin.
good for th Orange foods,
Purple foods, like ake a
these this orange, m
grapes, are good system.
for the brain. strong immune

3 Mark to complete the chart.

How often do you eat foods of each color?

Colors Regulary Sometimes Never

106 one hundred six Unit 3 Delicious!


Make It!
Food and Tradition
Food can make a country special and exceptional. Chile is a beautiful country,
and it also has delicious food. Tradition is very important when we talk about
a countrys food. Lets take a look at your traditional food!

1 Get in groups of three and

think about a typical Chilean
2 Write a simple recipe. Include the
following information:
dish you would like to promote,
Name of the dish
or create one that you think
Brief description
people would like. Make sure
you dont choose the same dish
as your classmates.
Reason to choose it
Which drink should

3 Prepare a poster (like a restaurants

menu) of the dish you chose. Use
go with this dish

pictures of the ingredients and a

final picture of the dish. Use as
many creative materials as you
4 Display your poster to your
classmates and teacher.
want. It can be:
Fabric Plastic
Real food A sample of
Wood a drink

5 After the presentations. Give an

award to:

The best dish. FOOD AWARDS

The most creative presentation. To:
The most exotic dish. For:

one hundred seven 107

Checkpoi nt

1 Complete the dialogue with the correct words. Look at the pictures to help you.
Nicols: Sam. Do you have any ?
I want to make some sauce.
Sam: No, I used them to make a salad.
Do you want to eat again?
Nicols: Well, yes. Im hungry.
Sam: We can make some .
We have , chicken and .
Nicols: Excellent! And Ill make some juice.

2 Name three countries, nationalities and their typical food from these lessons:

Countries and Food

Nationality Typical food Country




What other countries and nationalities do you know?


3 Put the words in order to form sentences. Remember to follow punctuation rules.

a. in the / a / refrigerator / there is / pear

b. twelve / there are / pieces of sushi / your plate / on

c. green apple / a / on the / there is / table

108 one hundred eight Unit 3 Delicious!


4 Listen 31 to the conversation and classify the food into fruits and vegetables.

Fruits Vegetables


5 Compare your words with a partner. Ask him or her for more words.

Your partners words:

Self Evaluation

My favorite part of lessons In lessons 1 and 2 I completed these

1 and 2: goals:

A difficult activity in lessons 1 and 2: I think I need more practice with:

Page king
listening / spea
Activity reading / writing

one hundred nine 109

In this lesson
Lesson 3 A Recipe you will learn: To follow and
produce a recipe.

Before Listening
1 Camila is preparing something. Number the pictures in the correct
order. What is she preparing?


2 Circle the ingredients to make the base of a pizza.

water sugar our olive oil

ketchup salt cheese

3 Listen 32 to the recording and put the steps for making an Italian-
style pizza in the correct order.

Enjoy your delicious Italian-style pizza!

Then, cover it with cheese.
Bake it in an oven for about 10 minutes.
First, put tomato sauce on the pizza base.
Now, chop some vegetables and put them on top of the cheese.

110 one hundred ten Unit 3 Delicious!


4 Guess the meaning of the verbs in italics by matching the images to

the sentences.

Dont add sugar

to the cake.
It's sweet!

Mom and dad

bake the best

Beat eggs and

sugar to make

Butter melts
when it's hot.

Did you know

that water and
oil dont mix?


5 Look at page 112 and choose.

a. A recipe is a list of ingredients and instructions to prepare food.
b. A recipe is a list of different foods and where to buy them.

one hundred eleven 111

Lesson 3

1 Look at the recipe in activity 2. What is it for? What Check Your Prediction
ingredients do you need? What does a recipe include?
Do you think this recipe is
2 Listen 33 and circle the necessary ingredients to make easy to follow? Discuss with
a partner.
this food. Then, complete the list.

eggs 250 g of
f lour .
bar of
salt .
1 cup of
sugar butter
cup of
banana chocolate

3 What is the correct order of the steps to make chocolate muffins? Use
numbers and then listen 34 to the audio to check.
Baking Muffins



112 one hundred twelve Unit 3 Delicious!

4 Listen 33 34 to the recipe again and complete the sentences.
a. So, chocolate muffins are really to make.
b. You will need 250g of chocolate.
c. Add and it with the eggs and sugar.
d. Put the mix in small paper cups and them in the
oven for 25 .

5 With a partner, discuss the following questions. Vocabulary

a. In your opinion, is this a difficult recipe to follow?
Some more cooking verbs:
b. Think of an ingredient you can add or replace to make chop
the muffins more delicious. boil
6 Read the sentences and underline the best cooking stir
verb to complete them.
a. Of course you chop/peel/boil an orange when you eat it.
b. I dont like it when the cook adds/mixes/chops too much salt
to food.
c. Please, dont beat the soup! You have to do it gently. Mix/Add/Stir
the soup.

7 There are six incorrect verbs in this recipe. Read and replace them
with the right ones.

First, boil the butter with the chocolate in the microwave.

Next, beat the eggs and mix the sugar. Mix flour and add
it to the eggs and sugar. Now, mix the chocolate with the
rest of your ingredients. Put the mix in small paper cups
and fry them in the oven for 25 minutes. After that, peel
and boil the bananas and put them on top of the muffins,
as the final touch.

one hundred thirteen 113

Lesson 3

After Listening Speaking

1 Look at the recipe for salpicn. Read the ingredients you need to
prepare it and add three more ingredients that you like.

Salpicn Recipe

This is a perfect salad to prepare, especially

for a summer lunch!
tuna or chicken

Peel and boil potatoes and carrots in a pot and let them cool.
Chop the potatoes into cubes.
Boil the eggs around 5 minutes, let them cool, and cut them in half.
Wash and chop the lettuce.
Put all the ingredients in a bowl.
Add tuna or chicken.

2 Complete the table according to the recipe. Write the necessary

ingredients and the actions related to them.

Ingredient Action

3 Prepare pictures or drawings of the ingredients for a different recipe

and organize them according to the steps.

114 one hundred fourteen Unit 3 Delicious!

4 In groups of three, listen to each others presentations and make
comments about them. Ask your teacher for help if necessary.

My Classmates Recipes
Names Comments
Remember to use:


5 Present your food preparation in front of the class. Use the images
from activity 2 to show how to prepare food using cooking verbs.

a b

6 Finally, you are going to play a game called "Memory Chef".

a. After your presentation, get into pairs and try to remember your
partners presentation.
b. Use the images she or he used and prepare the recipe yourself.
c. Switch roles and help your partner in case he or she has any

Digital Activities

one hundred fifteen 115

In this lesson
Lesson 4 Eating Well you will learn: To identify
types of food and describe
your eating habits.
Before Reading
1 Listen 35 and cross out the items that are not mentioned by the two
speakers. Which one is more similar to what you eat?

2 Look at the people and the times of the day. Match them with the
appropriate foods.

a b c

116 one hundred sixteen Unit 3 Delicious!


3 Look at these meals. Classify them into breakfast, lunch or dinner.

cheese sandwich, a fried egg and a bowl of cereal
chocolate cookies and tea a sausage and an apple

avocado and tomato lasagna roasted chicken

with a glass of water and salad and french fries

Breakfast Lunch Dinner

4 Read the definitions and decide where to put the foods from activity 2.
Add one iteam to each list.

Healthy food is good for you. Junk food can be bad for you
Combined with exercise, it benefits when you eat it in excess. Its
your body and your mind. not nutritive.


5 Look at the pictures on page 118. What poster shows healthy food?
Discuss with a partner.

one hundred seventeen 117

Lesson 4

1 Which of these dishes are healthy?

2 Read about these three restaurants and the food they have.

Looking for Restaurants 36

Meat Star Supreme: We have the best hamburgers
in town! Try our new super-size hamburger with When identifying important
ideas or specific details in a
double cheese and double meat. We also have the
text, underlining is a great
best french fries and chicken nuggets. Enjoy them strategy to highlight these
with ketchup, mayonnaise or mustard. elements. Also, use it to
mark words you dont know
Blue Ocean: Find the best fish in our restaurant. We so you can check with a
dictionary later.
have salmon, tuna, and different types of salads. We
have rice and mashed potatoes, too. If its cold, ask Check Your Prediction
for our super fish soup, with potatoes, onions, carrots Discuss with a partner about
and basil. If its raining, you get a discount! what you consider healthy.
Did you make similar
The Green Zone: The best salads are here. We have predictions on page 117?
a variety of vegetables choose the ones you like
and mix them to make your own salad. We use only
olive oil and natural ingredients. Add chicken or fish
to your salad. Digital Activities

3 Look at the dishes. What restaurant do they represent? Tell a partner

what elements from the images helped you.

118 one hundred eighteen Unit 3 Delicious!

4 Read again and answer the questions.
a. Which restaurant do you prefer? Why?

b. In which restaurant can you buy french fries?

c. In which restaurant can you have soup?

d. Which restaurants are the healthiest?

5 Draw a flyer for your own restaurant and write a short description.
Dont forget to give it a name.

6 Share your flyers with your classmates.

one hundred nineteen 119

Lesson 4

After Reading Writing

1 Label the meals according to the times of the day. Then, write and
draw what you like to eat.

Example: bread, milk, eggs.


A t t it u d e
Miguel doesn
t want
to try a new d
ish for
lunch becaus
e it lo
different to wha oks
t he
eats every da
y. What
do you think a
bout this
attitude? Discu
ss with
two classmate

k Fa
d for Chilean once
There isnt a wor
milar to that?
English. What is si

120 one hundred twenty Unit 3 Delicious!

2 Ask three classmates what they usually eat for the different meals of
the day and write the foods on the plates.

Name: Name: Name:

3 Imagine that you offer the foods in activity 2 as part of a menu. Give
the restaurant a name and write a short description of the food. Use
the descriptions on page 118 as a model.

4 Read your partners menu description and write all the unhealthy
foods in this warning box. Was the majority healthy or unhealthy?

one hundred twenty-one 121

Lesson 4 Instructions
Lets To play, you will need:

Play A coin
Items to use as pieces on the squares
A partner!

a rt 1 Mention three 2 Ketchup 3 Name

S t things that you
made of...
a typical
dish from a
can buy in a country thats
grocery store. not Chile.
What is your

7 Potatoes come 6 Can you melt

cheese? 5Miss a turn.
from Chilo.
True or false?
Mention two
foods that
have a salty

9 Go back 1 0 11
three spaces.
What is your favorite Mention two
Chilean dish? healthy foods.
Is lasagna an
food for

15 Name two
foods that
14 13 Go forward
two spaces!
you can peel. Junk food is nutritive.

1 6 True or false?

What is
the main
of pastel de
choclo? Finish
17 18 Mention two
Are apples foods for
bitter or sweet? dinner.

122 one hundred twenty-two Unit 3 Delicious!


Make It!
A Pizza with Healthy Ingredients
Everyone knows that pizza is very delicious and easy to Materials
prepare. The bad part is that pizza has many calories and erboard
too much fat in it. There is nothing wrong with a slice of white post
pizza from time to time, but it's a very different matter marker
when it becomes a habit. So, lets create a pizza made of scissors
healthy ingredients with a positive message. glue
t food
that represen

1 The Toppings
In pairs, make a list of vegetables, fruits and healthy foods
that you want to add to your pizza. If you are not sure that
an ingredient is healthy, do some online research.

2 The Recipe
Use the different materials you
have to make a model of your
3 The Reasons
Describe the ingredients on
your pizza and how these are
pizza. Remember that this is just healthy for your classmates.
a representation of your idea, but
you can use real food or creative
materials to make it look yummy!
5 Delivery!
Make a poster to present
the ingredients of your pizza
4 The Message
Think about an activity that helps
you stay healthy and include a
to your classmates. Explain
why you decided on them.
Pass the pizza around the
short description of it. You can put class so everyone can see
it anywhere on your pizza box. your creation.

Riding a bike is a
great way to stay
healthy and exercise
at the same time.

one hundred twenty-three 123

Synthesis Unit 3
uag e
L a ng 1 Indefinite articles. Complete with three examples and the

a an

Example: Example:

We use a/an to talk about thing(s).


2 Imperative.
a. Write at least four verbs that are used in the imperative in this unit.

Example: Beat the eggs...

b. Complete the explanation and write two sentences.

According to this unit, we use the imperative mode when we


124 one hundred twenty-four Unit 3 Delicious!

My s 1 What are the topics that relate to these images from
rog res page 92?
Topic Related words





2 Complete the table according to your progress in this Unit.

My favorite pages of the unit: I need more practice with:

and .
Especially activities: and .
Circle for me, expressing ideas
about the food I like is:
Three important words or expressions
very difficult
I learned in this unit:
a little difficult
Why? Discuss with a partner.

one hundred twenty-five 125

Review Unit 3

1 Complete the recipe for Caesar salad. Use the words from the box:

mix - chop - fry - boil - add

a. the chicken and small pieces of bread to make

some croutons.
b. the lettuce and the boiled chicken.
c. the lettuce, the boiled chicken and the croutons in a bowl.
d. salt, olive oil, lemon juice and cheese.

2 Choose the most appropriate dishes for these meals. You can choose more than one.
a. Breakfast: ice cream / bread / apple / chocolate / milk / orange juice
b. Dinner: soup / cookies / chicken / meat / cereal / rice
c. Lunch: fish / salad / fruit / flour / bread / milk


3 What can you do with these foods? Answer yes or no.

a. Can you melt an egg?
b. Can you bake an orange?
c. Can you boil a peach?
d. Can you peel a potato?
e. Can you boil milk?

4 Write more ideas for each verb:

a. I can mix pears and oranges. I can mix .
b. I can peel .
c. I can chop .

126 one hundred twenty-six Unit 3 Delicious!


5 Complete the crossword according to the clues. Check with the audio 37 .

4 2

4 6


Across Down

1 Like the flavor of a lemon. 1 A healthy food that consists

2 The meal you eat around 1 p.m. of fresh vegetables.
4 An unhealthy drink with lots of sugar in it. 3 A yellow food made of milk.
5 List of ingredients and instructions for 4 Physical activity that helps
the preparation of food. to keep you healthy.
7 To cut food into small pieces. 6 A round flat food related to
8 A vital liquid you can drink.


6 With a partner, read the dialogue and replace the words

in bold for whats true for you. Change roles.
Student A: What is your favorite food?
Student B: I think my favorite food is spaghetti.
Student A: Why is it your favorite food?
Student B: I like the different flavors. The tomato
sauce is a little sour, for example.
Student A: Is spaghetti healthy?
Student B: In regular portions, its healthy.
one hundred twenty-seven 127
4 l d

n d Co
t a

128 one hundred twenty-eight Unit 4 Hot and Cold


sent each
What pages repre
d dogs. Page:
Its raining cats an
so ho t yo u ca n fr y an egg on the
sidewalk. Page:
r two similar
Ask a partner fo
ur country.
expressions from yo
one hundred twenty-nine 129
d e a s Show Your Previous Knowledge
I 1 These images are connected to this unit. What do you think
they represent? Write a sentence for each.

2 Read the fable The Wind and the Sun. In your opinion, whats the
moral? Compare your ideas with a classmate.

The wind and the sun see a man in a coat and have
a competition to see who can make him remove
his coat.
The wind blows and blows but the man only
closes his coat more. Then, the sun gently sends
his warmth to the man. The sun does very little,
but soon the man removes his coat and smiles.


unit and find:

Look at the
A calenda
Palm tree
A bus
A letter

130 one hundred thirty Unit 4 Hot and Cold


o a l s Plan Your Strategies
G 1 Read the goals for this unit.

Reading Writing Attitudes

Descriptions of what Descriptions of
people wear for different peoples a positive
attitude tow
different weathers outfits. ards yourse
and your ab lf
and occasions. A composition ility to learn
a new lang
A persons routine about your summer uage.
during vacation. vacations.

L istening ferent
g a Describing dif
Understand cities weathe
r re p o rt. u habits
weathe Talking abo
A telepho n e ather.
a b ou t related to we
activities and w

2 Complete three sentences to express what you want to know

when you finish the unit.
a. By the end of the unit, I want to .
b. By the end of the unit,

3 Look at the pictures and read the reading and listening

comprehension strategies. Choose the appropriate title for
each of them.

question - predict - connect - visualize

Try to guess what Imagine the Connect the Ask questions

happens next. people, places material to others about the
and events. and the real world. material.

one hundred thirty-one 131

Lesson 1 The Weather In this lesson
you will learn: To talk
about the weather and
Before Listening
1 What foods and drinks are nice for these days? Discuss with a partner
and match the foods to the pictures.

orange juice

A cold day soup A hot day

ice cream tea

2 Follow the lines to find the correct word for each picture.

It's cloudy!

It's sunny!

It's rainy!

It's windy!

It's snowy!

132 one hundred thirty-two Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Write the weather below the pictures. Then, circle the different one.
Why is it different?

Its Its Its Its

4 Do you prefer sunny days or rainy days? What other weathers do you
like? Discuss with a partner.

5 Use the words from the box and identify the weather according to
the pictures. Complete the sentences.

hot warm chilly cold

Its in the glaciers. The desert is .

Its a day in the countryside. Its today.


6 Look at the pictures on page 134. Are they reporting for the radio, Complementary
Digital Activities
TV or a newspaper?

one hundred thirty-three 133

Lesson 1

1 Practice these words with your teacher:

hot - house - hat - here - healthy

Whats the difference with h in Spanish, as in hora, hogar and hondo?

2 Look at the weather forecasters and predict the weather:

a b

a. b.
Weather Forecasts Check Your Prediction
3 Listen 40 to the interview and check your answers in What visual elements helped
activity 2. Complete the chart with the correct information you predict the media on
page 133? Compare your
from the listening.
ideas with a partner.

Weather Forecasts

Interview A Interview B Interview C



Like/Dislike weather?

134 one hundred thirty-four Unit 4 Hot and Cold

4 Listen 40 to the audio again and check the information that appears
in it.

Example: The weather today is really cold and snowy.

a. What a hot day!

b. Do you like the rain?

c. Its a little chilly, but this is Hawaii.

d. I love snowy days.

e. Well, it usually rains here.

5 Read the Language box and tell a partner about something Frequency Adverbs
that you usually do and something you rarely do. Here are some words
used to describe the
6 Complete these sentences with your own information. frequency of an action:
Compare with a partner. always

a. Its rainy in my city.
b. Its sunny in my city. rarely
c. I have ice cream when its cold. never

d. My friends and I play outside Example:

when its cold. I always drink lemonade
when it's hot.
e. I drink tea when its hot.

kF ast
you can
three other med ia sources where
get the weather

one hundred thirty-five 135

Lesson 1

After Listening Speaking

1 Look at the table and the weather in the photos. Mark any other
possible options for each city with a .

Whats the Weather Like?

Weather Iquique Concepcin Coyhaique










2 Talk about the weather with a partner using the informationin A t t it u d e

activity 1. You can use this structure:
Write two sent
ences to
A: Whats the weather like today in Iquique? motivate som
eone who
B: Its hot and sunny. thinks speaking
is very difficult.
Take turns to asking and answering the questions. your sentence
s with
a classmate a
nd add
the ones you
like to
your own list.

136 one hundred thirty-six Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Look at the table and fill it with two more places and their weather
description. Use always, usually, sometimes, rarely and never.

The weather in The weather in

The weather in Arica

1. In Arica, its usually sunny 1. 1.

and its rarely cloudy.

2. 2. 2.

4 Share your information with a partner and write three more examples
of the weather in different cities.

5 Predict the weather for this week. If today is Wednesday, start on

Thursday. Draw symbols similar to a weather forecast.

Weather Forecast

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

6 Share your predictions with a partner. Are they similar?

one hundred thirty-seven 137

Lesson 2 Dress for the Ocassion In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
the clothes you wear in the
different seasons.
Before Reading
1 Write three words that you associate with each season.

fall winter

summer spring

2 Write the words in the correct column. Use your dictionary to find the
definition of new words.

swimsuit - cap - jacket - slippers - boots

flip-flops - gloves - dress - scarf - shorts

Clothes for Summer

Clothes for Winter

3 Do you know any other words in English for clothes? Write them here.

138 one hundred thirty-eight Unit 4 Hot and Cold

4 Read and guess what the item is.
a. We wear it around our neck.

b. They keep our hands warm in winter.

c. We wear them on our feet on the beach.

d. We wear it to go swimming.

e. We put them on before our shoes.

5 Its summer and Mary is going out. Classify the items between what
she needs and what she doesn't need to wear.

Mary needs to wea

Mary doesn't n
eed to wear...


6 What do you think the text on page 140 is about? Go through the lines
very quickly and try to guess the topic.

one hundred thirty-nine 139

Lesson 2

1 Answer the following questions:

a. What type of clothes do you wear?

b. What is your teacher wearing now?

2 Read what these people say about the clothes they wear.

Clothes Choice 41

Good morning. My name is Katie

and I live in London. Its very chilly
in winter. Now I am wearing a
jacket, winter boots, a scarf, gloves
and a woolen hat. I dont like to wear
woolen hats but they are warm.

Skimming is the technique
when you go through the
Hello, Im Sasha. I work from lines of a text, trying to
Monday to Friday in a bank. I identify main ideas. This
usually wear a suit and a blouse, strategy is used to get the
but I can also wear a dress. On general idea of a text but
weekends I like to wear jeans not when you need to read
and sweaters. carefully.

Check Your Prediction

Underline the lines or words
that helped you predict the
topic of the reading.

Hi! Im David. I am wearing very

comfortable clothes because I work
in a gym. I always wear a t-shirt,
shorts and sneakers when its hot.
When its cold, I wear a tracksuit.

140 one hundred forty Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Look at the clothes and write the letter according to the person who
mentions them. Cross out the three items that don't appear in the text.

a Katie b Sasha c David

4 Check the sentence that describes the main idea of the text from
page 140.
The text talks about different fashion trends.
The text gives people's opinions about clothes items.
The text describes what people usually wear.

5 Complete the sentences with wear or am/is/are wearing.

a. Sasha a colored scarf now.
b. I boots, its very cold today.
c. I always slippers when Im at home.
d. The model a black dress on the catwalk.
e. My parents work uniforms during the week.
f. You pants every day at school.

one hundred forty-one 141

Lesson 2

After Reading Writing

1 Imagine a friend from Haiti is coming to visit you. Write him/her a letter
describing the clothes you are wearing and what clothes he/she needs
to bring. Follow the model.


Dear Leandre,
Im so happy youre coming to Temuco. Its
winter here!
I suggest you bring:
a jacket
winter boots
Right now I am wearing boots, a t-shirt, jeans
and a sweater. The weather is really cold today.
Im looking forward to seeing you!
Best wishes,

Your letter:

142 one hundred forty-two Unit 4 Hot and Cold

2 Your friend from Haiti has arrived and he is with other two friends.
Describe them using the expression "He/she is wearing"

Leandre is wearing...



3 Think of someone you know and describe the clothes she or he wears.
Use the expression "She/he wears" Remember to use frequency
adverbs (always, usually, sometimes or never)

one hundred forty-three 143

6 duc
E ation
Summer and Winter Sports 42

Sports games are fun and games that are practiced outdoors or
entertaining activities that involve in the water, while Winter Olympics
the movement of the body and are related to sports that have to do
enable people to keep fit and healthy with ice and snow.
at the same time. It also involves
passion when playing them, since Figure skating and synchronized
it takes a lot of practice to become a swimming are sports that play an
good player/performer in the area important role in the Olympic Games.
you decide. What do they have in common?
They both need concentration,
Summer and Winter Olympics are synchronization and perfection of
events that are celebrated around the movements when performed in pairs
world at different times of the year. or groups. Which one is played in
Summer Olympics usually favor summer? In winter?

which Synchronized swimm

g is a sport in ing is a mix of
Figure skatin s swimming, dance and
airs, or group gymnastics.
individuals, p h Swimmers can practic
ing on ice, wit e the sports
perform mov re 4 by themselves, in pairs
ates. There a or in
the help of sk s groups. They compete
ip li n e s in th is sport: men synchronized movem
dis c ir
s singles, pa ents in the
singles, ladie water along to music.
ice dancing.
skating, and

1 Look at the pictures and identify it as figure skating (FG) or synchronized

swimming (SS)

2 In the text, underline where the images from activity 1 are mentioned.

144 one hundred forty-four Unit 4 Hot and Cold


Make It!
To make your ca
Its For Sale! you will need:
1 or 2 poster
Its time to imagine that you manage a clothing Markers
store. Lets create a catalog to show what you
have to offer.
Colored pen
In groups of 3, imagine yo
want to open a new clothe Glue
store in town. Think about
season it will open, the na
of the store and what items
want to sell. Take notes.
Create a
4 page
for a sale

2 Look for the items on

magazines and cut
nt find
Write th
of the ite
will sell
picture y
e names
ms you
under e
ac h

out. In case you do ou inclu

them. Example
them, you can draw : scarf,
jacket, n
Here is an example of how to divide the pages:

about your store
Items to sell Items to sell
SUMM hours

4 Share your catalog with your classmates and

choose the ones you like the most.

one hundred forty-five 145

Checkpoi nt

1 With a partner, describe the weather of the places in the pictures. Pay attention to
the example.
Example: Its sunny at the beach, its not cloudy.

a c

b d


2 Write the words from lesson 2 in the spaces for each clothes item.


146 one hundred forty-six Unit 4 Hot and Cold


3 What do you wear in these situations? Write complete sentences.

Cold morning at
Sunny day in
the beach
the city

Going swimm Movie night with
with friends your family at home

Self Evaluation

My favorite part of lessons In lessons 1 and 2 I completed these

1 and 2: goals:

A difficult activity in lessons 1 and 2: A new expression I can say after

Page lessons 1 an 2:


one hundred forty-seven 147

In this lesson
Lesson 3 From North to South you will learn: To refer to the
frequency of your activities.

Before Listening
1 This
his calendar is a mess! Put the months in the correct order. Check with
your teacher and classmates.

2 Mark the months that have 28 days. Check with a partner.

148 one hundred forty-eight Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Write the months according to the four seasons.


4 What kind of weather do you associate with these celebrations? Use

two weather words.
a. New Year
b. Valentines Day
c. Mothers Day
d. Easter
e. Halloween
f. September 18th

5 With a partner, think of three activities that you usually do in hot

weather and three that you do in cold weather.

6 Look at the image on page 150. Where do you think the children live?

one hundred forty-nine 149

Lesson 3

1 Look at the childrens pictures and answer:
a. What's the weather like in Carol's city?

b. What's the weather like in Ignacio's city?


2 Listen 43 to a conversation between Carol and Ignacio.

Fill in the blanks with the words from the box. One is
used 3 times.

sometimes - usually - always - never

Carol: Hello Ignacio! How are you? You sound funny.

Ignacio: Hi Carol! Yeah, its the weather. Its
very cold here. I dont like it very much. How are you?
Carol: Im fine. Today its warm here in Arica. Thats nice, because
its hot and dry.
Ignacio: What do you do when its so hot?
Carol: Well, I go to the beach and in spring I
help my mom with the gardening. And
you? What do you do when its too cold in Punta Arenas?
Ignacio: I help my dad to get firewood for
the wood stove. I go out to play,
its very, very cold! Only penguins like it.

3 Listen 44 to the rest of the conversation. Whats next? Circle the

option that is not true.
Check Your Prediction
a. Its raining in Punta Arenas.
Do you recognize any typical
b. Carol usually has lunch with her family. elements from the places
mentioned? Do you know
c. Ignacio and his sister are cooking picarones. similar places? Ask the
question to a partner.

150 one hundred fifty Unit 4 Hot and Cold

4 Match the pictures to the weather described in the audio:
a. Today its warm. Its
always hot and dry.
b. Its usually very cold
here. Today its raining.

5 Complete the circles with the information from the list:

cold chilly hot cook

mom get firewood go to the sopaipillas
gardening dad beach family
dry warm sister

City Activities

Weather Activities Family Weather

Carol Ignacio

Family City

6 Use and where appropriate. Then, match the sentences to

the pictures.

a. Its cloudy rainy in the South of Chile.

b. I dont wear pants. Theyre ugly I dont like

them. I wear skirts.
c. Mark is wearing a woolen hat gloves. Digital Activities

one hundred fifty-one 151

Lesson 3

After Listening Speaking

1 Answer these questions. Then, ask two of your classmates and write
down the answers.

You Partner 1 Partner 2

a. What is your favorite season?

b. Mention 3 things you do in summer.

c. Mention 3 things you do in winter.

d. What do you eat in winter?

e. What do you eat in summer?

2 Move around the classroom, talk to your classmates and complete the
table. Follow the model.

You: Do you Cristina: Yes.

read books? I usually read
books in winter.

Seasons and Habits

Name Activity Frequency Season

Cristina read books usually winter

watch movies


play outside


go to the beach

152 one hundred fifty-two Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Using information from activity 2, write four sentences
about your classmates activities.
b. A tt it ud e
c. In pairs, think of three
d. tips for someone who
has difficulties with
speaking activities in
4 Follow the instructions to play a game. English. Compare it
with another pairs.
Get in groups of 4-5 people.
Take turns to read your sentences.
When you hear a sentence that you also have, raise
your hand.
The person with most sentences that are not repeated
wins the game!

5 Finally, go to two more groups and play the game again.

Take notes on the most repeated sentences. Share them
with the rest of the class. We use and to connect
ideas and before
mentioning the last item
of a list of words.
Grupo 1: Examples:
In summer, I like
swimming, hiking and
eating ice cream. (list of
I sometimes go to the
beach and in spring I
always help my mom with
the gardening. (connect
Grupo 2:

one hundred fifty-three 153

Lesson 4 Vacation Time In this lesson
you will learn: To describe
the activities you do during
Before Reading
1 Read what these siblings say and decide what they need to travel.
Look at the room and write the items next to them.

I'm going somewhere Im going somewhere

really hot. It never rains I have all the clothes really, really cold.
there and I like it, but I need, but I have to Im happy because
there's no beach.... take an airplane... I know there's an indoor
pool in there!

2 Discuss with a partner.

a. What place in Chile sounds interesting to you? And in the world? Why?
b. How can you get there? Look at the images.

154 one hundred fifty-four Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Look at the items. With a partner, ask each other the question "Where
do you need a...". Pay attention to the box with the list of places below.

hill - camping - beach - lake

ashlight sneakers
water bottle

shing rod


4 According to the previous activity, answer and complete.

a. What do you use to protect your skin from the sun?

b. What do you use when it's very dark and you can't see?

c. Comfortable shoes for walking.

d. You use this to catch fish when using a fishing rod.

e. You cant forget this if you want to bathe in the ocean.


5 Read the first line of the text on page 156. What do you think the text
is about? Compare your prediction with a partner.

one hundred fifty-five 155

Lesson 4

1 What nice vacation spots do you know? Name three things that make
them attractive to you.

2 Read the text and complete the notes. 45

Source: Archivo editorial

Where: Laguna Verde How long:
Try to get the meaning of a
full sentence or a paragraph
before using a dictionary.
Who with: Take:
Context can help you with
the words you dont know.
Stay: Don't take: Check Your Prediction
Get together with a partner
and check your predictions.
Activities: Do you think prediction
activities help you before
reading a text? Why?
3 What is the best title for Carmens composition? Discuss.

a. My Parents Vacation b. My Summer Vacation

156 one hundred fifty-six Unit 4 Hot and Cold

4 Look at the pictures. Which activities are mentioned in the text? Circle
the letters.

a b

c d

5 Use the information from activity 2 and answer the questions.

a. Where does she go?
b. Who does she go with?
c. How long does she go on vacation?
d. What activities does she do?
e. What clothes does she take?

one hundred fifty-seven 157

Lesson 4

After Reading Writing

1 With a classmate, brainstorm the activities that you like doing when you
are on vacation. It can be in your own city or town or somewhere else.

you both classmate

2 You are going to write about your vacation. Complete the notes to
organize the information.


Who with:



How long:


Don't take:

158 one hundred fifty-eight Unit 4 Hot and Cold

3 Write a composition about your summer vacation following the
model on page 156. Give it an interesting title.


The order in which

you organize
information is
important in order
to give clarity to
your texts and cause
an effect in your
audience. Do you
want to organize
your text in a logical
order? Is it more
effective to start
with the ending? It all
depends on your text.

4 Read about two classmates vacations. What activities in your

partners compositions do you want to try?

Classmate 1 Classmate 2

one hundred fifty-nine 159

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similar items to us
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are allowed. If your
partners items. ot move.
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2. Each person ch
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5. If yo ur pa rt ne rs chip moves over
Whoever's side chip.
coin. Toss the coin. m e. yours, you lose the
ts th e ga r
lands face up star 6. Th e first on e to get to the othe
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3. Choose one ch e qu es tio n side wins the gam
er th
to start and answ
according to the sq
be repeated.
Answers must not

Name 2 things you What is one weather Name one thing you A rainy city in Chile is
dont wear in winter. word starting with s? take when camping.

Mention one thing Mention two weather Francisca Pronounce the

you need to travel words related to words correctly: hat,
by plane. winter. healthy, hot.
wears sandals in

Juan Mention one weather Complete:

wears pants at work. protects you from the word starting with The weather is
sun; you take it to the in the
beach. countryside.
(Temperature 25C)
Which of these items Something you wear Say two sentences A very cold country is
dont you need to go at night is using: .
to the pool? Never
a) sunglasses Always
b) swimsuit
c) scarf
On your feet, you Whats the weather A very hot city in Name 2 things you
wear like when its snowy? Chile is wear in summer.
Mention one word.

160 one hundred sixty Unit 4 Hot and Cold


Make It!
The Map of a Natural Region
In groups, get ready to create a map of a region and different elements
related to it.

er board
White post
1 What Region?
First, decide what regi
on you are Colored pe
ything you
going to make your m
ap for. Do crayons or an
you remember the 5 di
fferent can paint wit
natural regions of Chile drawings of
? Use an Images or
atlas or research onlin elements
e to obtain characteristic
of the region.

2 What to Show? 3 Putting the Map Together

Draw the map of the region
Decide what elements
you want to present. Include
from the region you
the drawings or images of the
want to highlight. You
most important things you
can include flora, fauna,
want to present.
cities or anything that
you consider attractive.

5 Making the Map

4 What Makes It Special?
Decide what information
This is the momen
t to make
etty for your
your map look pr
you are going to share. lors to represent
audience. Use co
Besides the elements you the region. Get
different parts of
show, prepare to talk about k of different
creative and thin
the weather, what kind of the map.
ways to decorate
clothes are necessary and
what activities you can do
when you visit that region.

one hundred sixty-one 161

Synthesis Unit 4
g u age
Lan 1 Put the adverbs in order, according to the frequency they represent.
Then, write one examples in your notebook using each of them.

2 Complete the diagram with the functions of and.

We use and to

3 Write one example using wear and one using wearing. What is the difference?

We use wear
Example of wear

We use wearing
Example of wearing

162 one hundred sixty-two Unit 4 Hot and Cold

My 1 What are the topics that relate to these images from page 130?
og ress
Topic Related words





2 Complete the table according to your progress in this Unit.

My favorite pages of the unit: I need more practice with:

and .

Especially activities: and .

Three important words or expressions For me, talking about the weather

I learned in this unit: is .

Why? Discuss with a partner.

one hundred sixty-three 163

Review Unit 4

1 Listen 46 to two people say what they are wearing. Write down the clothing items.

Speaker 1 Speaker 2

2 According to the audio from activity one, write sentences to describe what the
weather is like where these people are.

Speaker 1


Speaker 2



3 Make the sentences true for you using frequency adverbs.

a. I have ice cream in August.
b. I eat humitas in February.
c. I wear in .
d. I in October.
e. I always in .
f. I go swimming in .

164 one hundred sixty-four Unit 4 Hot and Cold


4 Read the riddles and write the name of the season. Practice them with a partner.

Flowers and colors come in September.

e for snow.
It's time for rain, it's tim The wind is perfect for kites,
cold, cold, cold.
Is the heat on? Cause it's You have to remember!
and also your gloves
I see you have your jacket It's not cold, its not hot,
this weather
But when you go out in The weather's perfect this time.
You have to put a jacket The birds sing and everything's alright.

h is almost
The year is long and sometimes cold, When Marc lows.
fa ll a n d the wind b
The seasons change and another one's
gone. The leaves low,
wn and yel
This is when our vacations star t, Orange, bro und.
you look aro
Let's play with our friends in the sun. Every time
l outside;
There's no space for homework, Its beautifu aves crack
hear the le
Now it's time for fun. When you

5 With a partner, look at the temperature and the symbols to ask each other about
the different cities.
Example: Complementary
Digital Activities
Student A: Whats the weather like in Rancagua?
Student B: Its cloudy and chilly.

sunny rainy snowy windy cloudy

Calama La Serena Maip Arica Pta. Arenas Rancagua Pto.Montt

19 17 22 30 1 10 9

one hundred sixty-five 165

My Life
Reading and Writing
Extra Practice Unit 1

1 Read the following sentences and circle the emotion in each sentence. Use
a to mark if they are positive or negative.


Positive Negative
a. I get so happy when I play with my dog after
b. My soccer team lost the game! I am so angry.
c. Im really excited because Im on vacation
with my family.
d. She loves making silly faces to make her friends
e. I am very tired because I didnt sleep a lot
last night.

2 Read the sentences and look at the pictures. Then, complete with an
emotion or feeling.

a. I dont have anything to do.

Im so .

b. Today is my birthday and all my friends are here.

Im very .

c. My friend told me an important secret.

Im so .

d. I have a math test tomorrow and I havent studied a lot.

Im very .

166 one hundred sixty-six Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 1

1 Listen 13 to the descriptions of these families and complete with words
from the box.

boy - parents baby girl - little boy

mom mother grandparents - father

a. Im a . In my family there is only one

b. There are four people in my family. I live with my
and . Now there is a too.
c. My family is big. I live with my and
. There are four and there
is only one .

2 Look at the pictures and match them to what a family member says.

a. There are two people in my family because I only live with my grandfather.
I dont feel bored because we talk and watch a lot of movies.
b. Im very excited because now I have a sister!
c. We are many people in my family, but we are very happy.

3 Choose two members of your family and describe them to a partner. Use
the following text as a model. Replace the words in bold with your own

There are three members in my family. I have a sister. She has blue
hair and brown eyes. She is very intelligent and she studies a lot. My
grandma has gray hair and blue eyes. My grandma is fun! She reads
books with me.

one hundred sixty-seven 167

Extra Practice Unit 1 My Life

Reading and Writing

1 Read the descriptions and guess the free time activities. Write their names
in the space provided.
a. We practice this sport in a pool, in the ocean or, in a river.

b. We need a microphone to do this free time activity.

c. A game where the players have a curved stick and they try to score goals
by hitting a very small ball.
d. We ride a bike around the park or in the city.
e. We need instruments like a guitar or a piano for this activity.

2 Look at the pictures and read what you need to do these free time activities.
Then, match the letters to the pictures and write the name of the activity.

a. Books and a comfortable space.

b. Canvas, brushes and different colors.
c. A swimsuit and a pool or the sea.

3 Write about one free-time activity that you enjoy and one that you dont
like. Mention the objects that you need for that activity.
a. I enjoy . For this activity I need
b. I dont like . For this activity I need

168 one hundred sixty-eight Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 1

1 Listen 14 to the following conversation about school subjects. Then, complete
the table with the classes that Anna, Chris and Karen like. Write a in the table.

Classes We Like

Anna Chris Karen

Physical Education






2 Read the following sentences and circle the right option.

a. Anna loves playing tennis hockey soccer
b. Karen loves singing numbers painting
c. Chris really likes acting drawing swimming
d. Karen enjoys playing the guitar piano violin
e. Anna likes numbers collages books
f. Chris enjoys learning equations vocabulary reports

3 Discuss these questions in groups of 3-4 people. Use the sentences included
to express your own ideas.
a. Do you like English classes? Why?
Yes, I like English classes because
No, I dont like English classes because...
b. How do you feel in English classes? Why?
In English classes I feel
c. What can you learn in English classes?
In English classes I can learn
d. What do you need for English classes?
For English classes, I need
e. What can you do outside the classroom to learn English?
To learn more English, I can

one hundred sixty-nine 169

We Live Here
Reading and Writing
Extra Practice Unit 2

1 Read these descriptions of some of the rooms of a house and guess their
name. Write the name of this room in each space.

a. b. c.

In this room you can In this room you can In this room you can
find: a bed, two pillows, find: a table, six chairs, find: a big sofa, a TV,
a blanket, curtains, a a big lamp, two curtains, three books
bedside table, and a windows, and some and some movies. It is
small lamp. It is used flowers. It is used for used for relaxing and
for sleeping at night eating food during the spending time with the
and resting. day. family and friends.

2 Think about your own bedroom and answer the following questions.
a. What objects can you find in your bedroom?
b. In my bedroom you can find:

c. Imagine your ideal bedroom. What do you have there?

In my ideal bedroom, I have:

170 one hundred seventy Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 2

1 Listen 25 to the conversation about stores and buildings of a city. Then,
number the order in which these buildings are mentioned in the conversation.

2 Decide if the location of these stores and buildings is true (T) or false (F).
a. The restaurant is between the bakery and the coffee shop.
b. The clothes shop is in front of the library.
c. The shoe shop is next to the movies.
d. The grocery store is behind the flower shop.

3 Look at these picture. In pairs, discuss the name of these occupations and
the place where these people work.

a b c
Example: The first person in letter a is a baker. She gets up early and works
in a bakery. This is a shop where you can find bread. In my town, you can
find a bakery next to a park.

one hundred seventy-one 171

Extra Practice Unit 2 We Live Here

Reading and Writing

1 Draw a line to match the description of these places of the city to a picture.

a. An area of water where you

can swim for fun or as a sport.

b. A structure that is over river or

roads, so that people or cars
can cross to the other side.

c. One or more buildings where

they make things.

d. A place where people can take

animals that dont feel well.

2 Read the description of the places in a city and complete the missing words.

Come to my town! There is an incredible

here. You can eat Italian and Mexican food in that place. There is a
beautiful , too. You can walk around this place
after lunch with your dog. There are a lot of big trees and small birds.
Also, there is a near the city. This area has a
lot of water and fish. Oh, and there is a too!
Every week different teams play soccer there. Finally, you can visit the
. There are a lot of paintings that you can see
on the walls. Im sure youll love my city!

3 Complete with an old place in your town and a modern one. Mention three
things you can find there.

a. An old place in my town is . In this area you can

find and .
b. A modern place in my town is . In this area you
can find and .

172 one hundred seventy-two Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 2

1 Listen 26 to the following conversation and circle the right option.

A: Whats the nationality of your friend?

B: Peter is Canadian / Russian. He is married and has two children: Jamie
and Allison.
A: Whats the name of his wife?
B: Kate. She is Irish / English but they met in the United States / England.
A: Do they still live there?
B: No, now they live in China / Chile because Kate works there.
A: Do the children have Chilean / Chinese friends?
B: Yes, they do. But they also have friends from all over the world.
Allisons best friend was born in New Zealand / Turkey and Jamies
best friend is from Germany / India.
A: So fun!
B: Yes! And they want to travel to Italy / Japan in the summer!

2 According to the conversation, complete the following statements.

a. Peter was born in this country:
b. The continent where Kate works:
c. Nationality of Allisons best friend:
d. Nationality of Jamies best friend:

3 In groups of three, discuss about places of Chile that people can visit on their
vacation. Follow the example and organize your ideas in the table:

Example: In the North of Chile, you can visit San Pedro de Atacama. In
San Pedro, there is the Atacama Desert, El Tatio and the Church of San
Pedro de Atacama.

Around Chile

Name of the town Location 3 tourist attractions

one hundred seventy-three 173

Reading and Writing
Extra Practice Unit 3

1 Read the descriptions of these typical Chilean foods and guess the main
ingredients. Use the letters to complete the words.
a. Ensalada a la chilena is made with these two vegetables:
i and t
b. This is the main ingredient of humitas: r
c. You can find this orange vegetable in a cazuela:
d. This is the most important ingredient of pastel de papa:
o s
e. In an asado, you can eat: e
f. This food is one of the main ingredients of chorrillana:
n f s
g. You can find these ingredients in a salpicn:
t and g

2 Read these sentences about fruits and decide if they are true (T) or false (F).
a. Olives are used to make ketchup.
b. Grapes can be green or purple.
c. You can make leche con pltano with a banana.
d. Cherries come from the North of Chile.
e. Apples can be only be red.

3 Describe your favorite ingredients for a fruit salad. Include four ingredients
and explain why you like them. Also, mention two fruits that you dont like.

My favorite ingredients for a fruit salad are: , ,

and . I like these ingredients because
. I dont like these two
fruits: and .

174 one hundred seventy-four Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 3

1 Listen 38 and complete the sentences with the missing ingredients.
a. I love . These are boiled corns. You can add
and to them.
b. We love to drink milkshake.
c. Ramen is a that is prepared with
and vegetables like and .
d. For dessert, my favorite is eating .
e. Here, you can eat a churrasco. This is a that is
made with and . You can
add vegetables like and .

2 Write the name of the country of each food and drink.

3 Choose a dessert and drink from Chile. Mention the ingredients that you need:
a. A typical dessert from Chile is . You need these
ingredients to prepare it:

b. A typical drink from Chile is . You need these

ingredients to prepare it:

one hundred seventy-five 175

Extra Practice Unit 3 Delicious!

Reading and Writing

1 Look at the pictures of the ingredients of an omelette. Write their names


2 Read the instructions of the omelette recipe and write the right word.

add put chop mix peel melt - beat

a. First, the small onion.

b. Then, the onion and pepper. Also, put some olive oil
in a pan and cook the vegetables.
c. After that, two eggs in another bowl and
water and salt.
d. Next, some butter and the
chopped vegetables with the eggs. Cook for 5 minutes on each side.
e. Finally, some cheese on top of your omelette!

3 Think about three more ingredients that you would add to this recipe. Use
cooking verbs to explain how to prepare these new ingredients.
a. I would add these three ingredients to this recipe: ,
b. How to prepare these ingredients:

176 one hundred seventy-six Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 3

1 Listen 39 to a conversation about eating habits and match the descriptions
to the pictures. Letter a is an example.

a. Tamara eats fruits and this food for breakfast

b. Javier likes to eat cheese and this food for breakfast
c. Javier loves eating carrots and this food at lunch
d. Tamara likes to have this for dinner
e. Javier really likes this junk food
f. Tamara loves this junk food

2 Read the sentences about the conversation and color the right option.
a. Tamara drinks milk tea orange juice every morning
b. Javier enjoys eating cheese fruits eggs for breakfast
c. Tamara doesnt really like rice corn lettuce
d. Javier loves eating peppers onions carrots
e. Javier really likes corn fish rice
f. Tamara likes to have fish tomato olive soup for dinner

3 In pairs, discuss about eating habits in Chile. Use the sentences to express
your ideas.
a. Describe a typical Chilean breakfast.
A typical Chilean breakfast includes
b. Describe a typical Chilean lunch.
A typical Chilean lunch includes
c. Describe a typical dinner for Chilean people.
A typical Chilean dinner includes
d. Do you think that Chilean people eat healthy? Why?
I think that Chilean people eat

one hundred seventy-seven 177

Hot and Cold
Reading and Writing
Extra Practice Unit 4

1 Read the postcards and match them to their corresponding pictures.

a. Hi Natalia, b. Hi Sara, c. Hello Sara and Natalia,

The weather is rainy Its sunny and hot Im in Villarica. Its
and cold in Puerto in Copiap. I go to cloudy and windy
Montt. But Im okay the beach every day here. Thats fine,
with that! I love to because I really like to because I can fly my
walk around the city. swim. kite outside!
Regards, Sara Greetings, Natalia Best wishes, Roberto

2 Read the text about a city and complete the information about the weather.

snowy - cold rainy windy

I live in Punta Arenas, a beautiful place. This city is located in the

South of Chile, so the weather is always very and
, even in the summer. During the winter Punta Arenas
is usually very , so you need to have an umbrella!
Also, in some places of the city you can make a snowman because its

3 Answer the following questions about your city.

a. Whats the usual weather in your city?
In my city, the weather is usually
b. Do you like the weather of your city? Why?

178 one hundred seventy-eight Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 4

1 Listen 47 to the conversation about clothes and complete dialogue with
the missing words.

a. What do you like to wear in the summer?

I like to wear and a . What do
you like to wear?
Well, I like to wear a and
Cool! I wear all the time.
Thats a good idea. are great for the summer, too.

b. Today its raining. Wear your to school.

Okay mom.
I think that you should also wear and a

Yeah, the weather is very chilly. What are you wearing, mom?
Now Im wearing and

2 In pairs, discuss about the clothes that you are wearing. Take turns and
answer these questions.
a. What is your partner wearing now?
b. Which clothes do you always wear in the winter?
c. Which clothes do you always wear in the summer?
d. Do you prefer winter or summer clothes? Why?

fifte one hundred seventy-nine 179

Extra Practice Unit 4 Hot and Cold

Reading and Writing

1 Read the sentences and circle the right option.

a. We celebrate Valentines Day / Fathers Day / Easter in February.
b. We can dress up as witches or monsters for Halloween / Easter / New Year
c. In my country, its summer / winter / fall in August.
d. We can see fireworks at 12:00 am in New Year / Halloween / Fathers Day
e. We dance cueca and eat anticuchos in January / September / April

2 Look at the pictures and match them to the descriptions below.

a. When its raining, you can watch movies at home in Chilo.

b. You can cook sopaipillas with your dad in Puerto Varas when its very cold.
c. In Coquimbo, you can play with your friends in the park when its warm.
d. You can swim in a pool when the weather its too hot in Calama.
e. In Pucn, you can read books in your room when the day is chilly.

3 Write about some activities that you do in each season.

a. Describe two activities that you always do in the summer

b. Describe two activities that you never do in the winter

180 one hundred eighty Extra Practice


Listening and Speaking 4

1 Listen 48 to the recording and tick ( ) the activities and clothes that are
mentioned in the conversation.

2 Read the following sentences and decide if they are T (true) or F (false)
a. The city is located in the Far North of Chile.
b. Alejandras mom really enjoys fishing in the river.
c. Alejandras brother likes to walk around the city.
d. There are a lot of fishes in the lakes of the area.
e. The weather of this city is usually very windy.
f. You need to bring sneakers to this city.

3 In pairs, discuss about a place you like to visit. Use the phrases below to
organize your ideas.

I like to visit with my

This city is located in
You can get there by (bus, airplane, train, etc.).
The weather of that place is
Some of the activities can you do there are:
The shoes and clothes that you need to bring for this place are:
Some of the things that you dont need for this trip are

one hundred eighty-one 181

Grammar Reference
We use personal pronouns to refer to people or things. We also use the verb to
be to say that something or someone exists or give information.
Personal Pronouns + Verb to be: in affirmative and negative sentences,
personal pronouns go before the verb to be. In interrogative sentences the
verb to be goes before personal pronouns.

I Am Catherine
He / she / it Is nervous
You / we / they Are friends
I Am not Sad
He / she / it Is not (isnt) Happy
You / we / they Are not (arent) Silly
Am I Angry? Yes, I am / No, Im not
Is She Bored? Yes, she is / No, she is not (she isnt)
Are They Boring? Yes, they are / No, they are not (they arent)

We use there is /there are to refer to the existence of something or someone.
In affirmative and negative sentences there is/there go at the beginning. In the
interrogative form we use the structure: is/are + there + noun + complement.

There is: used with singular nouns There are: used with plural nouns (+ 1
(1one, a, an) two, three, four, five)
There is one / a baby in the family.
There are five kids in the school.
There is not an apple in the fridge.
There are not seven windows. (there arent)
(there isnt)
Are there five kids in the school?
Is there a baby in the family?
Yes, there are/ No, there are not (there
Yes, there is / No, there is not (there isnt)

We use prepositions of place to indicate the position of elements.
Prepositions of place
The mall is behind the church
The students are next to the cafeteria
The bakery is not (isnt) between the caf and the store
The pharmacies are not (arent) in front of the park

Is the mall behind the church? Yes, it is / No, it is not (it isnt)
Are the students next to the cafeteria? Yes, they are / No, they are not (they arent)

182 one hundred eighty-two Grammar Reference

We use present simple to talk about routines, facts, repeated actions and
frequent situations.
Present Simple: In the affirmative form, we use an s at the end of the main verb
when we talk about he-she-it, while in negative and interrogative sentences;
the main verb remains the same. There are some exceptions for the s rule:
Like likes Pass passes
Watch watches Do does
Carry carries Have has

feel happy
do not feel happy
I / you / we / they have one brother I / you / we /
have once
like football they (dont) brother
watch tv
feels happy
She / he / it has one brother does not like pasta
She / he / it
likes football (doesnt ) watch tv
watches tv

We use imperatives to give instructions, orders, and warnings. They are
commonly used in affirmative sentences but also in negative ones. They are
directed to the personal pronoun you.
Imperatives: the sentences always begin with the main verb, followed by an
object and complement.

Peel the potatoes carefully Do not (dont) peel the potatoes

Chop the onions in slices Dont chop the onions in slices
Do your homework now Dont do your homework now

We use the sequencing words to express the order or sequence in which an
event occurs.
Sequencing words: First, next, then, now, after that, finally (among others)
1. First, wash the potatoes 4. Now, fry the potatoes
2. Next, peel the potatoes 5. After that, add a little salt to them
3. Then, chop the potatoes in slices 6. Finally, enjoy these French fries.

one hundred eighty-three 183

Grammar Reference

We use frequency adverbs to express how frequently an action or event occurs.
Frequency adverbs

When used with the verb to be (am,is,are) While in the present simple tense sentences,
we place the frequency adverbs after we place frequency adverbs after personal
verb to be. pronouns.

It is always rainy in Valdivia It always rains in Valdivia

I am never at home I never stay at home
Kids are sometimes tired Kids are sometimes get tired

We use wear vs. wearing to describe the clothes items that a person is having on.

Wear Wearing
Describes what a person usually wears. It is Describes what a person is wearing right now,
not referring precisely to the clothes worn now. at this moment. It is

I wear a uniform during the week I am wearing a uniform

Sam wears pants everyday Sam is wearing pants now
We wear shirts at school We are wearing shirts

We use Wh- questions to ask for information where the answer is not a simply
yes or no.
Wh questions: When used with the present simple tense, we use the auxiliary
verbs for interrogative forms (do- does).
What: Qu? Who: Quin?
Which: Cul(es)? Why: Por qu?
Where: Dnde? How much/ How many:
When: Cundo? Cunto(s)/ Cunta(s) ?

have for
What do you I have milk and bread
Where does he He lives in Futaleuf
When does she She starts school in March
start school?

184 one hundred eighty-four Grammar Reference

Writing Tips
Writing Tips - Emails
Emails are electronic mails which are sent and received through an electronic
platform with the use of internet. You can send emails to friends, family,
classmates and even teachers.

Do not forget to follow these steps when writing an e-mail:

- A subject: It shows the main content of your e-mail. Use keywords.
Birthday, Moms cake
- Greeting: A polite or friendly way to start your e-mail. The formality depends
on your relationship with the other person. Hello Rosie Hi bro
Good morning Ms. Parks
- Message: It contains the main information in a clear way, avoiding
unnecessary details.
Lets decide which cake we should buy to mom, there is a

Reply To: jim1991@jmail.cl

Forward Subject: BIRTHDAY, MOMS CAKE Next I Back
Inbox Hi Jimmy,
Compose How are you? I hope everythings OK. We need to get moms birthday cake, lets
Addresses decide which cake we should buy, there is a nice bakery where they sell delicious
Logout cakes, I was thinking of one with chocolate and strawberries. See you at the park
at 5 pm since you told me we could meet today. See you this afternoon!
Take care,
Claudia xoxo

You have a trip to the museum with your teacher and classmates, but your
mom wants to know more information about it. Write an e-mail to your teacher
asking him or her about it (30-50 words).
Follow the steps previously mentioned
Explain why you want more information about the trip
Ask the teacher the main questions about the trip (date, time of
departure, place, how much money, time of arrival)

Reply To:
Forward Subject: Next I Back

one hundred eighty-five 185

Writing Tips

Writing Tips - Compositions

Compositions are written works where ideas are organized and describe an event.

Do not forget to follow these steps when writing a composition:

- Choose a topic: Write about a topic My summer vacations
- Organize your ideas: State your ideas in a brainstorm and choose the ones you
like most Camping with family a lot of food play volleyball with Luis and
Maite songs and guitar
- Write your ideas: Write about your main ideas and describe each of them. There
was a lot of food, my parents had many fruits and marshmallows, I ate too much
- Conclusion: To finish the composition And these were my best summer vacations

My summer vacations
Last summer vacations my family and I went to Lago Rapel we
had a great time together. I played volleyball with Luis and Maite
(my siblings) and I also ate a lot of food, my parents had many fruits
and marshmallows, I also ate too much chocolate. At night we all
sang songs and my mom played the guitar, this was definitely my
favorite part. These were my best summer vacations

Write a composition about your favorite subject at school (70-100 words).
A title
Favorite subject and other two subjects that you like as well.
Least subject at school
A conclusion

186 one hundred eighty-six Grammar Reference

Writing Tips - Descriptions
A description is an explanation of how something or someone is or looks like.
Its used to represent an idea about them.

Do not forget to include these elements when writing a description:

Name of the person/object.
Main characteristics
Something particular about him/her/it.

My grandmother
Rosario is my grandmother, she has blue eyes and black
hair, she is a farmer in the country, she is always happy.
Rosario likes to visit her family. She always visits my dad,
her son and us; my mom and her grandchildren.
My grandmother is a really nice woman, very sweet and
funny, she makes jokes all the time. Besides, she is really

Write a brief description of one of your family members (50-80 words).
Main characteristics and something special about him/her.

one hundred eighty-seven 187


Unit 1 silly /sl/ adj foolish, absurd: bobo(a), en todo

angry /r/adj cross with somebody: carioso.
enojad(a) smile /smal/ v to make a smile appear on your
bored /brd/adj uninterested: aburrido(a) face: sonrer.
boring/br/adj uninteresting: aburrido(a), subject /sbdkt/ n an area of knowledge
tedioso, fome studied in a school: asignatura.
cousin /kzn/ n child of an aunt or uncle: speak /spik/ v to talk to somebody about
primo(a) something: hablar.
emoji /imodi/ n small digital image used to swimsuit /swmsut/ n bathing suit/trucks: traje
express an idea or emotion: emoji de bao.
excited /ksatd/adj animated, enthusiastic: tired /tard/ adj needing sleep: cansado.
emocionado uncle /kl/ n parents brother, aunts husband:
feel /fil/ v to sense, by touch: sentir to.
feeling /fil/ n emotional sensitivity: write /rat/ v to communicate in writing: escribir.
funny /fn/ adj making you laugh; amusing: Unit 2
divertido accurate /kjrt/ adj precise, close to true
grandfather /rnfr/n father of a parent: value: preciso, exacto, acertado.
abuelo bakery /bekri/ n store that sells bread, cakes:
grandma /rnmr/ n mother of a parent: panadera.
abuela bathroom /brum/ n room: with bath,
have /hv/ v to possess: tener shower: bao.
hungry /hr/ adj needing, craving food: bed /bed/ n furniture for sleeping: cama
tener hambre, hambriento behind /bhand/ prep at the back of
hurray /hure/ interj expressing joy or praise: somebody/something: detrs de
hurra! between /btwin/ prep intermediate to: entre
joke /dk/ n funny comment: broma bookstore /bkstr/ n shop selling books:
journal entry /drnl ntr/ n text written in a librera
diary: anotacin en un diario. brainstorm /brenstrm/ n idea-gathering:
know /no/ v to comprehend: conocer,saber. lluvia de ideas
letter /letr/ n written correspondence: carta. bread /bred/ n type of food: pan
like /lak/ v to consider good: gustar. bridge /brd/ n structure over river, etc: puente
listen /lsn/v to pay attention to somebody/ brochure /bror/ n a book advertising
something that you can hear: escuchar. something: volante, folleto
lunchtime /lnttam/ n hour when midday building /bld/ n structure: edificio
meal is eaten: hora de almuerzo. buy /ba/ v to obtain something by paying
profile /profal/n information about money for it: comprar
somebody: perfil. cheese /tiz/ n dairy product: queso
read /rid/ v to understand the meaning of city hall /st hl/ n seat of municipal
written or printed words: leer. government: municipalidad
scared /skerd/ adj frightened: aterrorizado dental floss /dentl fls/ n thread: cleans
schedule /skedul/ n timetable: horario. between teeth: hilo dental

188 one hundred eighty-eight Glossary

desert /dezrt/ n arid region: desierto brain /bren/ n organ in head: cerebro
eagle /il/ n bird: guila chop /tp/ v to cut into pieces: picar
factory /fktr/ n manufacturing site: fbrica cook /kk/ v food: to apply heat: cocinar
flag /fl/ n symbol of country: bandera coriander /krndr/ n aromatic herb: cilantro
food /fud/ n things that people or animals eat: corn /krn/ n cereal grain: maz
comida cup /kp/ n drinking container: taza
goal /ol/ n objective, aim: meta dessert /dzrt/ n final course of a meal: postre
holidays /hldez/ n official days off work, dinner /dnr/ n evening meal: cena
vacations: feriados, vacaciones
dish /d/ n food course: cena
hummingbird /hmbrd/ n very small bird:
eat /it/ v to consume a food: comer
fabric /fbrk/ n material cloth: tela
learn /lrn/ v to know by studying: aprender
fat /ft/ n substance in food: grasa
library /labrr/ n public book-lending place:
librera fish /f/ n aquatic animal: pez
live/lv/ v to remain alive: vivir flour /flar/ n ground cereal: harina
messy /ms/ adj not ordered person: healthy /hl/ adj having a sound body and
desordenado(a) mind: sano, saludable
neighborhood /nebrhd/ n local area, heart /hrt/ n human organ: corazn
quarter: vecindario ,barrio, vecindad juice /dus/ n liquid from fruit: jugo
newspaper /nuzpepr/ n periodical junk food /dk fud/ n food that is unhealthy:
publication: peridico comida chatarra
present /preznt/ n gift: regalo knowledge /nld/ n understanding:
riddle /rdl/ n enigma: difficult question: conocimiento
acertijo, adivinanza meat /mit/ n food: animal flesh: carne
sibling /sbl/ n brother, sister: hermano(a) melt /mlt/ v to turn to liquid by heating:
toothbrush /tubr/ n brush for cleaning derretir
teeth: cepillo de dientes mix /mks/ v combine: mezclar
town /tan/ n small city: pueblo,ciudad muscle /msl/ n body tissue: msculo
unscramble /nskrmbl/ v to put into olive /lv/ n small black or green fruit:
coherent order: ordenar aceituna
wing /w/ n part of bird used for flying: ala onion /njn/ n food: root vegetable: cebolla
peel /pil/ v to remove skin from: fruit,etc: pelar
Unit 3 pork /pk/ n pig meat: cerdo (carne)
add /d/ v to join, put in: agregar recipe /rsp/ n set of instructions about how
avocado /vkdo/ n fruit with dark green to cook something: receta
skin: palta rice /ras/ n food: arroz
bake /bek/ v to cook in the oven: hornear salad /sld/ n cold food with vegetables:
bean /bin/ n a legume: poroto ensalada
beat /bit/ v to mix something quickly: batir salty /slt/ adj tasting of salt: salado(a)
bitter /btr/ adj sharp favlor: amargo sausage /ssd/ n meat product: salchicha
bone /bon/ n hard part that form the skeleton: scan /skn/ v text, etc.: look over rapidly: ojear,
hueso echar un vistazo

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share /er/ v to use together: compartir hot /ht/ adj high in temperature: caluroso,
sour /sar/ adj taste: acidic: cido caliente
sweet /swit/ adj sugary: dulce ice /as/ n solid water: hielo
outdoor /atdr/ adv outside: al aire libre
Unit 4 outfit /atft/ n clothes: ropa, atuendo, traje
always /lwez/ adv every time: siempre palm /pm/ n palm tree: palmera
bait /bet/ n fishing lure, fly: carnada perform /prfrm/ v to enact: representar
blanket /blkt/ n woollen cover or throw: rainy /ren/ n with rain: lluvioso
frazada, cobija, manta report /rprt/ n news: reporte
boot /but/ n tall footwear: bota rod /rd/ n fishing rod: caa de pescar
cabin /kbn/n house: cabaa scarf /skrf/ n for warmth: bufanda
catwalk /ktwk/ n fashion show walkway: season /sizn/ n quarter of the year: estacin
pasarela sell /sl/ v to vend: vender
chilly /tl/ adj weather: cold: fro skate /sket/ n boot with wheels for rollerskating:
cloudy /klad/ adj sky, day: with clouds: patn
nublado skirt /skrt/ n item of womens clothing: falda
cold /kold/ adj low temperature: fro slipper /slpr/ n soft indoor shoes: pantufla
countryside /kntrsad/ n rural: campo snowy /snoi/ adj covered with snow: nevado
dislike /dslak/ v not like: desagradar, no gustar sometimes /smtamz/ adv at times: a veces
dress /drs/ n womans item of clothing: vestido spring /spr/ n season: primavera
dress /drs/ v to put clothes on: vestir(se) summer /smr/ n season: verano
fall /fl/ n autumn, season: otoo sunny /sn/ adj bright with sunshine: soleado
fashion /fn/n trend: moda, tendencia tent /tnt/ n camping: carpa
firewood /farwd/ n wood for fuel: lea towel /tal/ n bath: toalla
flip-flop /flp flp/ n beach sandal: sandalia tracksuit /trksut/ n athletes trouser suit: buzo
forecast /frkst/ n weather: pronstico del warm /wrm/ adj not quite hot: tibio(a)
tiempo wear /wer/ v to have on: llevar puesto
glove /lv/ n for warmth: guante weather /wer/ n climatic conditions: clima
hat /ht/n head covering: sombrero windy /wnd/ adj much wind: ventoso
hook /hk/ n hook on a fishing line: anzuelo woolen /wln/ adj made of wood: de lana

190 one hundred ninety Glossary

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