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GENERAL RULES FOR STANDARD BRITISH DIALECT

Before getting into the actual pronunciation of words, we need to focus on the
general RHYTHM of British dialect. In general, the British emphasize fewer words
and syllables than we do-superlatives such as "very, really, so" are unstressed, as
are negatives ("not")-so it's important to remember not to OVEREMPHASIZE
certain words or syllables just to "show off' your accent. Don't put your "British"
sounds in bold type for the audience to hear, or it will sound fake.

Pronunciation rules:

1. "R" is only pronounced before vowels, either in the same word or in the following
word (in which case you use the R to"link" the words). Do NOT pronounce any R's
before consonants ("worst", "party") or at the end of words ("car", "dear").

2. Articulation is clearer and more precise than in most American dialects, which
tend to get a bit sloppy and lazy-mouthed. Medial 'T's really sound like T's and not
D's ("better", ..seventy"). Final consonants are clear and strong (.'gifts", "sounds",
"things"). Again, though, don't overemphasize speak clearly but remain relaxed.

3. Prefixes and suffixes are always weak (unstressed) and usually take the vowel
sound "ih".
--endings such as -y become "ih" with no stress at all: (really, silly, happy)
--endings such as -ary, -ory receive no stress on either syllable and often lose the
second-to-last syllable entirely: (military, ordinary, ceremony, solitary)
--prefixes such as be-,re-,pre- become "bih", "rih" and are unstressed (believe,
rehearse)

4. High front vowels such as EE, ih, eh, 1, A tend to be "brighter" -lips more smiling
and jaw less open than in American dialects
(he, his, remember, presence, switch, still, will, high, hate, fright, spider, take)

5. "AW' sounds are much "darker" -lips more rounded, more forward
(call, awful, thought, draw, brought, water, daughter, walk, talk)

6. The British "OH" is made without rounding lips, sounds like eh-oo
(no, go, own, cold, phone, nose, broken, suppose)

7. "00" and "oo" as in "food" and"foot" are made with more rounded lips
(00-true, threw, who) (oo-would, could, put, good, woman, look)

8. "UH" of "cup" is more open, tongue relaxed and flat, feels "wider" in the mouth
(cup, love, one, once, wonderful, bloody, duck, nothing)

9. The short "a" sound of "cat" is more open, tongue relaxed and flatter than
American sound
("Harry" vs. "hairy", can, thank, carry, fancy, angry, chat)

10. There is a special short British "o" sound that is not found in American dialects.
This sound is very short with lips slightly rounded, slightly "darker" than the
American short "o"
(not, hot, obviously, job, honest, Tom, soft, long, strong, forgotten, knowledge,
sorry)