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Industrial Pollution

Prevention and Control


Policies and Laws
Regional Forum on Environmental Compliance in Industrial Sector
24 - 25 September 2015 ; Novotel Bangkok on Siam Square, Thailand

Engr. Marcelino Rivera, Jr.


Chief, Water Quality Management Section
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources Engr. Michiko Sumida Sibunga
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU Engineer II, Air Quality Management Section
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
Number of Permit to Operate Issued Nationwide
2008-2014

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

STATE OF POLLUTION
SITUATION

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

AIR QUALITY STATUS:

Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) Particulate Matter 10 (PM10)


2004-2014 Annual ug/Nm3
2011-2014 Annual

Note:
1. Total number of stations in 2014: 24 ; 2013: 24, 2012: 40
2. Some regional stations shifted their monitoring to Particulate Matter 10 (PM10)
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

2012 EMISSION INVENTORY:

NATIONWIDE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION


LEGISLATION CONTROLLING
INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

REPUBLIC ACT 8749 or


Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Air Pollution Control Policy
and for Other Purposes
The law aims to achieve and maintain clean air that meets the
national air quality guideline values for criteria pollutants,
throughout the Philippines, while minimizing the possible associated
impacts to the economy.
DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-81 Implementing Rules and
Regulations of the Clean Air Act
DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-82 National Air Quality
Improvement Framework & National Air Quality Control Action Plan
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

Specific Provisions for Industrial Emission


Control
Section 16. Permitting of Stationary Sources
Section 19. Pollution from Stationary Sources (Emission Standards)
Section 38. Recording, Keeping, Inspection, Monitoring and Entry
Section 45. Violation of Standards for Stationary Sources

Other Policies:
DAO 2004-26 Amending Rule XIX of DAO 2000-81
DAO 2007-25 Guidelines on the Accreditation of Third Party Source
Emission Testing Firms
DAO 2007-22 Guidelines on the Installations of CEMS
DAO2003-27 Submission of Self Monitoring Reports (SMRS)
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

REPUBLIC ACT 9275 or


Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
Aims to protect the countrys water bodies from pollution from land
based sources
Provides for a comprehensive and integrated strategy to prevent
and minimize pollution through a multi sectoral and participatory
approach involving all stakeholders
DENR Administrative Order No. 2005-10 Implementing Rules and
Regulations of the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

Formulation of Water Quality Criteria and Effluent


Standards / Air Quality Ambient and Emission Standards
A Technical Committee is convened to prepare/revise the
standards.
Considerations :
Advancement in air and water pollution control technology
State of development in the country
Environmental conditions brought about by rapid industrialization and
increase in population
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

PERMIT REQUIREMENTS (Water Quality)


The DENR requires owners or operators of facilities that discharge
regulated effluents to secure a discharge permit (DP).
The DP specifies among others the quantity and quality of effluent
that said facilities are allowed to discharge in a particular water
body, compliance schedule and monitoring requirements.

The DENR-EMB requires industrial and manufacturing


establishments to install and operate efficient pollution control
facilities/devices.
.
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT AND COMPLIANCE


MONITORING
Series of industrial plants surveys, investigations and follow-
up inspections are conducted by personnel of the Department of
Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Environmental
Management Bureau (EMB) Regional offices.
Compliance of industrial wastewater discharge is based on
DENR Adminstrative Order O 35. A specific set of effluent
standards is set for every classification of the receiving body of
water.
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

PERMIT REQUIREMENTS (Air Quality)


The DENR requires owners or operators of facilities that has Air
Pollution Source Equipment (APSE) and Air Pollution Control
devices (APCD) to secure a Permit to Operate (PtO)
New Sources: Existing Sources:
-Secure Engineering report covering plant -Renew every 5 years
description -Secure quarterly self monitoring report
-Plan and specification of installation -Renewal of accreditation of PCO
-Air quality impact analysis -Compliance testing:
-Vicinity map -Large sources : twice per year
-Designation of Pollution Control Officer -Medium: once per year
(PCO) -Small once every 2 years
-Other legal documentary requirements
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)- primary
government agency responsible for environmental implementation and
enforcement. i.e. Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 and the Clean Water DENR
Act of 2004
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) one of the two
line bureaus of DENR. Among the bureaus, it has the authority AQMS
over stationary emissions sources. Function is to design
policies, set standards, and serve as advisory unit.
EMB
WQMS

16 regional offices perform regulatory functions, such as:


o Permitting
o Review of environmental impact statements
16
o Compliance monitoring, and inspection. REGIONS

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU
EMISSION / EFFLUENT
STANDARDS

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

National Ambient Air Quality Standards for


Source Specific Air Pollutants NAAQS (RULE XXVI
, Section 1 of DAO 2000-81)

National Emission Standards for Source


Specific Air Pollutants NESSAP (RULE XXV,
Section 1 of DAO 2000-81)

Emission Standards for Treatment Facilities


Using Non-Burn Technologies (RULE XXVIII,
Section 3 of DAO 2000-81)
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No. 34


Series of 1990
Revised Water Usage and Classification/Water
Quality Criteria

DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No. 35


Series of 1990

Revised Effluent Regulations of 1990


Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

Public disclosure programs:


Section 39. Public Education and
Information Campaign
Intensified Information and Education
Campaign (IEC) i.e. pamphlets,
brochures, Clean Air Events, lectures,
etc.
Preparation of annual National Air
Quality Status Report
Preparation of National Water Quality
Status Report
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

Obstacles/concerns on the implementation or


management of concerning agencies

Small Medium industries perceive that cost of


compliance is expensive
In some cases, political will
Provision of sufficient resources to implement
air/water quality management programs
Enforcement of regulations
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU

Solutions to the problems


Creation of Industrial Ecowatch Program / Philippine
Environmental Partnership Program

promotes self-monitoring and compliance with


environmental standards and to encourage voluntary self-
regulation among establishments for improved
environmental performance by encouraging pollution
reduction beyond compliance through public recognition
and praise and creating incentives for dischargers and
producers.
Maraming Salamat po at Mabuhay!

Department of Environment and Natural Resources


http://denr.gov.ph
+632-929-6626

Environmental Management Bureau


http://emb.gov.ph
+632-928-3785