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SCIENCE FORM 3 CHAPTER 1

RESPIRATION

- Concept= GET OXYGEN INSIDE OUR BODY, AND INTO THE BLOOD, AS FAST AS POSSIBLE.
GET CARBON DIOXIDE OUT FROM THE BLOOD, OUT FROM OUR BODY, AS FAST AS
POSSIBLE
- Energy is produced by oxidizing glucose.

- BREATHING - Exchanging Gases With The Environment

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

- ORGAN -Nostrils - Alveolus

-Nasal Cavity - Ribs

-Trachea - Intercostal Muscles Nasal Cavity


-Bronchus - Diaphragm
Nostrils
-Bronchiole
Bronchus *
*

Bronchiole
Intercostal Muscle
MOVEMENT OF AIR

NOSTRIL

AIR - - Fine hair traps dirt NASAL CAVITY

- - Mucous Membrane trap bacteria and


other foreign particle

- Fine Hair (cilia) moved mucus to


pharynx to be swallowed
TRACHEA

- - Tube supported by C-
shaped ring of cartilage BRONCHUS (SING.)

- - Tube that leads to lung

BRONCHIOLE
ALVEOLUS
- - Small tube inside the lung
- - Tiny air sacs that located at
the end of each bronchiole.
- - A place where the exchange
of respiratory gases occurs.
HOW GASEOUS CHANGES ( OXYGEN TO CARBON DIOXIDES)

3. When we breathed in air, oxygen filled up 1. Inside blood capillaries have a special
the alveolus. protein, called hemoglobin.
4. Beside alveolus were blood capillaries.
2. Beside alveolus were blood capillaries.

4. The blood capillaries was fulled of carbon


dioxide, while in alveolus, it is full of
oxygen.
5. But, in basic concept of diffusion, they
need to move to the lower concentration
of its kinds.

6. So when oxygen is passed over to the capillaries, the hemoglobin grab it up and carbon
dioxide is unloaded .
7. The oxygen is carried into the bloodstream while carbon dioxide is removed from the body.
BREATHING MECHANISM

INHALATION EXHALATION
During Inhalation Part Involved During Exhalation
The external intercostal The external intercostal
muscle contracts and the muscle relaxes and the
internal intercostal muscle internal intercostal muscle
INTERCOSTAL MUSCLE
relaxes contracts

The rib cage moves The rib cage moves


upwards and outwards downwards and inwards
RIB CAGE

The diaphragm muscle The diaphragm muscle


contracts and flattens relaxes and curved upwards
DIAPHRAGM MUSCLE

The volume of thoracic The volume of thoracic


cavity increases cavity decreases
THORACIC CAVITY

The air pressure in the The air pressure in the


thoracic cavity decreases AIR PRESSURE IN THE thoracic cavity increases
and becomes lower than THORATIC CAVITY and become higher than
the air pressure outside the COMPARED WITH THE the air pressure ouside the
body SURROUNDING AIR body
PRESSURE

Air from surrounding is Air in the lung is pushed


forced into the lungs out from the lungs
MOVEMENT OF AIR