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Vilina Vlas

Vilina Vlas
Concentration and rape camp

The Vilina Vlas hotel, where Bosniak prisoners were


beaten, tortured and sexually assaulted during the
Bosnian War.

Location of Viegrad in Bosnia and Herzegovina


434658N 191728E / 43.78278N
Coordinates 19.29111ECoordinates: 434658N
191728E / 43.78278N 19.29111E
Location Viegrad, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Operated by Bosnian Serb forces
Original use Hotel
Inmates Bosniaks
Number of
200
inmates
Vilina Vlas is a hotel that served as one of the main detention facilities where Bosniak
prisoners were beaten, tortured and the women sexually assaulted during the Bosnian War, it
is located about seven kilometers south-east of Viegrad, on the way to Gorade.[1][2]

After the war, Vilina Vlas was re-opened as a tourist facility.

Contents
1 The camp
2 Trials
3 Art and Culture
4 See also
5 References
6 External links

The camp
In 1992 the concentration and rape camp at the Vilina Vlas hotel was one of the Viegrad
area's main detention facilities.[2] It was established by the Uzice Corps at the end of April
1992 and played a significant role in the ethnic cleansing of the area's Bosniak population.[2]
The hotel served as a camp "brothel".[2] Bosniak women and girls, including many not yet 14
years old, were brought to the camp by police officers and members of the paramilitary
groups the White Eagles and Arkan's and Vojislav eelj's men.[2]

Milan Luki, leader of a local group of paramilitaries referred to variously as the White
Eagles, the Avengers or the Wolves, established his headquarters at the Vilina Vlas Hotel, one
of various locations where local Bosniaks were detained. The group, with ties to the local
police and Serb military units, played a prominent role in the ethnic cleansing of Viegrad,
committing numerous crimes including murder, rape, torture, beatings, looting and
destruction of property.

Many rapes in the Viegrad area were allegedly perpetrated in an apparently systematic
fashion. Reports to the United Nations Commission of Experts to the Security Council (the
Bassiouni Commission) state that victims were rounded up and transported to places like
Vilina Vlas and the Hotel Viegrad apparently for the purpose of being detained and raped.[3]

One report to the Bassiouni Commission estimated that 200 women, primarily Bosniak, were
detained at Vilina Vlas and sexually assaulted. The hotel was known as a place where only
young, beautiful women were detained and in testimony given to the Bassiouni Commission it
is claimed that women brought to this camp had been chosen to bear "Chetnik" children and
were "selected" carefully.[2] It was claimed that younger girls were taken to the hotel while
older women were taken to other locations, such as occupied or abandoned houses, and raped.
The number and consistency of the reports were considered to provide reasonable
confirmation that a large number of rapes did in fact occur at the hotel.[4][5]

The prisoners were raped repeatedly and beaten with batons.[2][6] Many of the women were
killed while others were exiled, became insane or committed suicide.[2] Only a handful of the
women prisoners survived - fewer than ten according to the Association of Women Victims of
War, an organisation which works with women survivors and campaigns for the prosecution
of the perpetrators. Most of the women prisoners were either killed or took their own lives.[7]
The bodies of the victims have not been found and are alleged to have been buried in
concealed locations and then reburied.[8]

During the Sjeverin massacre, 16 Bosniaks were abducted by Milan Luki while travelling on
a bus from Serbia to Bosnia and were taken to Vilina Vlas, where they were tortured and
murdered.[9]

The camp was eventually closed once its existence became known outside Bosnia and the
surviving detainees removed to an unknown fate.

Trials
Milan Luki was found guilty of having executing detainees kept at the camp.[10] He was not
charged with rape despite them being well documented.[7] The President of the Association of
Women Victims of War, Bakira Hasei, has severely criticised the International Criminal
Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at The Hague for failing to include rape among the
charges against Milan Luki when he was brought to trial.[7] One woman survivor reported
Luki raping her several times while she was a prisoner at the hotel.[7]

Oliver Krsmanovi was charged with the rape and grave sexual abuse of female Bosniak
detainees at Vilina Vlas as well as for the massacre of 70 Bosniaks in the village of
Bikavac.[11]

Risto Perisi, Chief of Police and Crisis Staff member, is alleged to have aided in the torture,
rape, and execution of detainees at Vilina Vlas.[12] Dusko Andri, the director of Vilina Vlas,
was reported as having been one of the perpetrators of rape at the hotel.[12] Dusko Andri is a
pensioner still living in Viegrad. He has never been charged with any offences.

Art and Culture


A stay at Vilina Vlas during a visit to Viegrad inspired the Australian performance artist
Kym Vercoe's work "seven kilometres north-east: A performance about geography, tourism
and atrocity".[13]

See also
Bosnian Genocide
Milan Luki
Bakira Hasei
Dretelj camp
Gabela camp
Heliodrom camp
Keraterm camp
Manjaa camp
Omarska camp
Trnopolje camp
Uzamnica camp
Vojno camp

References
1. ^ http://www.icty.org/x/cases/milan_lukic_sredoje_lukic/ind/en/vas-ii000125e.htm
2. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/VIII-08.htm#III.A.85
3. ^ http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/IX.htm
4. ^ http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/IX.htm
5. ^ http://www.ex-yupress.com/oslob/oslob68.html
6. ^ http://condor.depaul.edu/~rrotenbe/aeer/aeer13_1/Olujic.html
7. ^ a b c d "Visegrad rape victims say their cries go unheard". Balkan Investigative
Reporting Network. 20 October 2006.
8. ^ http://www.amnesty.org/en/for-media/press-releases/bosnia-and-herzegovina-no-
justice-rape-victims-20090721
9. ^ "Serbs sentenced for war crimes". BBC News. 2003-09-30. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
10. ^ "Prosecutor v. Milan Luki and Sredoje Luki". International Criminal Tribunal for
the former Yugoslavia. 20 July 2009.
11. ^ "Indictment against Oliver Krsmanovic Confirmed". Balkan Investigative Reporting
Network. 22 November 2011.
12. ^ a b "War Criminals in Bosnias Republika Srpska: Who are the People in Your
Neighbourhood?". International Crisis Group. 2 November 2000.
13. ^ "Visegrad Report Inspires Australian Artist". Institute for War & Peace Reporting.
15 July 2010.

External links
Final Report of the Commission of Experts Established Pursuant to Security Council
Resolution 780 (1992) (United Nations Security Council S/1994/674 - 27 May 1994) -
Annex VIII - part 1/10 Prison camps - 85. Visegrad (includes section on Vilina Vlas)
UNHCR Convention on Civil and Political Rights - Human Rights Committee
Document CCPR/C/89, dated 27 April 1993, Bosnia and Herzegovina Report
(extensive documentation of war crimes committed in Viegrad and surrounding
areas)
"THE RAPES IN BOSNIA: A BOSNIAC SCHOOLGIRL'S ACCOUNT" by Peter
Maass, in The Washington Post, December 27, 1992
"Visegrad Rape Victims Say Their Cries Go Unheard" by Nidzara Ahmetasevic,
Nerma Jelacic and Selma Boracic Institute for War and Peace Reporting Balkan
Insight, 18 October 2006 (BIRN report on the ICTY's failure to bring charges in
relation to the use of the Vilina Vlas spa hotel as a rape camp)
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia Latest Developments (link
to Press Kit for Milan Lukic and Sredoje Lukic proceedings)
"Lukic Murdered 410 Bosniaks and One Serb!" by Edina KAMENICA, in
Oslobodjenje (Sarajevo), March 22, 2001 (report of "Merjem"'s experience at Vilina
Vlas ; in collection of 2001 articles from Oslobodjenje).
"Abduction" B92 programme by Veran Matic (transcript of television report on the
abduction of a group of Bosniak men from Sjeverin who were detained at Vilina Vlas
before being executed on the orders of Milan Lukic).
"Vilina Vlas, The Fairy's Hair", TV documentary about the Vilina Vlas rapings by
Sotiris Danezis for the "Warzone" programme (Mega Channel, Greece) (in Greek).
People & Power - Bosnia's broken promises (Al-Jazeera).
Jasmina Ahmetspahic (28.01.1968 14.06.1992)

Bosnian War

Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Karaorevo agreement
SAO Bosanska Krajina
SAO Herzegovina
1991 SAO North-Eastern Bosnia
SAO Romanija
Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia

Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Siege of Sarajevo
Siege of Biha
1992 Graz agreement
CroatBosniak War
Operation Vrbas '92
Operation Corridor


Timeline
Kravica attack
Siege of Gornji Vakuf
Siege of Mostar
1993 Operation Neretva '93
Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia
Operation Deny Flight

Operation Bllebank
Operation Amanda
Banja Luka incident
Washington Agreement
1994
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Operation Tiger
Operation Spider


Mrkonji Grad incident

Operations Krivaja '95 and Stupanica '95


Operation Summer '95
Operation Storm
1995 1995 NATO bombing campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Operation Mistral
Operation Sana
Dayton Agreement
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Carrington-Cutileiro plan
Vance-Owen plan
Peace plans Owen-Stoltenberg plan
Contact Group plan

Ahatovii
Ahmii
Bijeljina
emerno
Doboj
Dobrinja
Doljani
Dua
Foa
Glogova
Grabovica
Koriani Cliffs
Kravica
Lava Valley
Ethnic cleansing Markale
War crimes Mokronoge
Prijedor
Srebrenica
Stupni Do
trpci
Tuzla
Viegrad
o Barimo
o Bosanska Jagodina
o Paklenik
o Sjeverin
Zaklopaa
Zvornik


Rape in the Bosnian War
War Rape

elebii
Dretelj
Gabela
Heliodrom
Keraterm
Luka
Manjaa
Camps
Omarska
Suica
Trnopolje
Uzamnica
Vilina Vlas
Vojno

Sarajevo
Sijekovac
Trusina
Cases Tuzla
Krianevo selo
Srebrenica Children Massacre

Category
Commons

Categories:

1992 establishments
Bosnian Genocide
Serbian concentration camps in former Yugoslavia
War rape
Serbian war crimes
War crimes in former Yugoslavia

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TRAD

Vilina Vlas
Concentration et camp de viols

L'htel Vilina Vlas, o les prisonniers bosniaques ont t battus, torturs et agresss sexuellement
pendant la guerre de Bosnie.
Vilina Vlas est situ dans Bosnia and Herzegovina
Localisation de Viegrad en Bosnie-Herzgovine
Coordonnes 43 46'58 "N 19 17'28" E / 43.78278 N 19.29111 Coordonnes: 43 46'58 "N 19
17'28" E / 43.78278 N 19.29111 E
Location Viegrad, Bosnie-Herzgovine
Opr par les forces serbes de Bosnie
Utilisation originale Htel
Incarcrs Bosniaques
Nombre de dtenus 200

Vilina Vlas est un htel qui a servi comme l'un des principaux centres de dtention o les prisonniers
bosniaques ont t battus, torturs et les femmes agresses sexuellement pendant la guerre de
Bosnie, il est situ environ sept kilomtres au sud-est de Viegrad, sur la route de Gorade. 1] [2]

Aprs la guerre, Vilina Vlas a t rouverte comme une installation touristique.


Contenu

1 Le camp
2 Essais
3 Art et Culture
4 Voir aussi
5 Rfrences
6 Liens externes

Le camp

En 1992, le camp de concentration et de viol l'htel Vilina Vlas tait l'un des principaux centres de
dtention de la zone de Viegrad. [2] Il a t cr par le Corps d'Uzice la fin d'avril 1992 et a jou un
rle significatif dans le nettoyage ethnique de la population bosniaque de la rgion. [2] L'htel a servi
de bordel de camp. [2] Les policiers et les membres des groupes paramilitaires, les Aigles blancs et
les hommes d'Arkan et de Vojislav eelj ont apport au camp des femmes et des filles bosniennes,
dont beaucoup n'ont pas encore 14 ans. [2]

Milan Luki, dirigeant d'un groupe local de paramilitaires, appel les Aigles blancs, les Avengers ou
les Loups, a tabli son quartier gnral l'Htel Vilina Vlas, l'un des endroits o les Bosniaques
taient dtenus. Le groupe, attach la police locale et aux units militaires serbes, a jou un rle de
premier plan dans le nettoyage ethnique de Viegrad, commettant de nombreux crimes, y compris le
meurtre, le viol, la torture, le pillage et la destruction de biens.

Beaucoup de viols dans la rgion de Viegrad auraient t perptrs de manire apparemment


systmatique. Les rapports adresss la Commission d'experts des Nations Unies au Conseil de
scurit (Commission Bassiouni) indiquent que les victimes ont t arrondies et transportes vers
des lieux comme Vilina Vlas et l'Htel Viegrad apparemment pour tre dtenues et violes [3].

Un rapport la Commission Bassiouni estimait que 200 femmes, essentiellement bosniaques, taient
dtenues Vilina Vlas et agresses sexuellement. L'htel tait connu comme un lieu o seules des
femmes jeunes et belles taient dtenues et, dans le tmoignage donn la Commission Bassiouni,
on a prtendu que les femmes amenes dans ce camp avaient t choisies pour porter des enfants
chetniks et ont t soigneusement slectionnes. ] On a prtendu que des jeunes filles ont t
emmenes l'htel alors que des femmes plus ges ont t emmenes dans d'autres endroits,
comme des maisons occupes ou abandonnes, et ont t violes. Le nombre et la cohrence des
rapports ont t considrs comme une confirmation raisonnable qu'un grand nombre de viols ont
effectivement eu lieu l'htel. [4] [5]

Les prisonniers ont t viols maintes reprises et battus coups de matraque. [2] [6] Beaucoup de
femmes ont t tues alors que d'autres taient exils, devenaient fous ou se suicidaient [2]. Seule
une poigne de femmes dtenues a survcu - moins de dix selon l'Association des femmes victimes
de la guerre, une organisation qui travaille avec des femmes survivantes et des campagnes pour la
poursuite des auteurs. La plupart des femmes dtenues ont t tues ou ont perdu leur vie [7]. Les
corps des victimes n'ont pas t retrouvs et sont censs avoir t enterrs dans des endroits
dissimuls puis r-enterrs. [8]

Au cours du massacre de Sjeverin, 16 Bosniaques ont t enlevs par Milan Luki alors qu'ils
voyagent en autobus de Serbie en Bosnie et ont t emmens Vilina Vlas o ils ont t torturs et
assassins [9].

Le camp a finalement t ferm une fois que son existence a t connue en dehors de la Bosnie et
que les survivants ont t transfrs un destin inconnu.
Essais

Milan Luki a t reconnu coupable d'avoir excut des dtenus dtenus au camp. [10] Il n'a pas t
accus de viol, bien qu'ils soient bien documents [7]. La prsidente de l'Association des femmes
victimes de la guerre, Bakira Hasei, a svrement critiqu le Tribunal pnal international pour l'ex-
Yougoslavie La Haye pour avoir omis d'inclure le viol parmi les accusations portes contre Milan
Luki lors de son procs. Une femme survivante a rapport Luki la violant plusieurs fois alors qu'elle
tait un prisonnier l'htel. [7]

Oliver Krsmanovi a t inculp du viol et des svices sexuels infligs des femmes dtenues
bosniaques Vilina Vlas ainsi que du massacre de 70 Bosniaques dans le village de Bikavac [11].

Risto Perisi, chef de la police et membre de la cellule de crise, aurait aid la torture, au viol et
l'excution des dtenus Vilina Vlas [12]. Dusko Andri, le directeur de Vilina Vlas, a t signal
comme ayant t l'un des auteurs de viol l'htel. [12] Dusko Andri est un retrait vivant toujours
Viegrad. Il n'a jamais t inculp d'aucune infraction.
Art et Culture

Un sjour Vilina Vlas lors d'une visite Viegrad a inspir le travail de l'artiste australienne Kym
Vercoe "sept kilomtres au nord-est: Une performance sur la gographie, le tourisme et l'atrocit".
[13]