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LESSON PLAN

LESSON PLAN/ REACTION RATE/ ODD SEMESTER/ 2014-2015

I. IDENTITY

Education Unit : Senior High School ..


Subject : Chemistry
Grade/Year : XI/2015
School Year : 2014/2015
Topic : Buffer Acid Solution
Time allocation : 30 minutes

II. CORE COMPETENCES


1. Appreciating and practicing the religion that follow.
2.Developing social behavior (honesty, dicipline, responsibility, caring, mutual assistance,
cooperation, tolerance, peace, polite, responsive and proactive) and demostrating attitude as
part of solution of nation problems and interacting effectively with social environtment and the
nature as well as positioning the self as nation reflection world wide.
3.Understanding, applying, analysing, and evaluating factual, conceptual, and prosedural
knowledge in science, technology, art, culture, and social science with humanity, nationality,
citizensive and civilian in relation with phenomena, event, and applying procedural knowledge
at specific subject in accordance with talent, and interest to solve problem.
4. Trying, processing, and presenting in concreatly and abstractly relation to subject learnt at
school and able to use method in accordance with scientific norm.

III. BASIC COMPETENCE


1.1 Recognizing the regularity of hydrocarbons, thermochemistry, reaction rate, chemical
equilibrium, solutions and colloids properties as the almighty of God and the knowledge
about the existence of such regularity as a result of human creative thinking in which the truth
is tentative.
2.1 Demonstrating scientific behaviors (curious, discipline, honest, objective, openness, able to
distinguish fact and opinion, tenacious, conscientious, responsible, critical, creative,
innovative, democratic, communicative) in designing and conducting experiments and
discussions are realized in everyday behaviors.
3.13Analizing the role of buffer solution in body.
4.13Designing, conducting and concluding as well as presenting the result of experiment to
determine the properties of buffer solution.
IV. INDICATORS
1.1.1 Admire to the regularity of buffer solution properties as the almighty of God and the ability
as human to think creatively.
2.1.1 Show enthusiasm and discipline behavior in teaching learning process.
2.1.2 Show critical behavior in collecting and analyzing data
2.1.3 Show honesty and openness in presenting discussion result.
3.13.1. Define buffer acid solution
3.13.2. Identify the component of buffer acid solution
3.13.3 Calculate the pH of acid buffer solution
3.13.4 Analyze addition effect of slightly acid or base into buffer solution
4.13.1 Present the result analysis toward experiment data of buffer acid solution

V. OBJECTIVES
Students are able to:
1.1.1 Admire to the regularity of buffer solution properties as the almighty of God and the ability
as human to think creatively.
2.1.1 Show enthusiasm and discipline behavior in teaching learning process.
2.1.2 Show critical behavior in collecting and analyzing data
2.1.3 Show honesty and openness in presenting discussion result
3.13.1. Define buffer acid solution
3.13.2. Identify the component of buffer acid solution
3.13.3 Calculate the pH of acid buffer solution
3.13.4 Analyze addition effect of slightly acid or base into buffer solution
4.13.1 Present the result analysis toward experiment data of buffer acid solution

VI. LEARNING MATERIAL


1. Concept

Pre-Concept Concept Conception


Solution Solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more
substances which has a uniform distribution (one phase) of
consisting particles. It is consisted of solute and solvent.
Weak acid Weak acid is the acid that is not ionize completely in its
solution.
Weak base Weak base is the base that is not ionize completely in its
solution.
Brnsted acid Brnsted acid is a component which acts as a proton donor
Brnsted base Brnsted base is a component which acts as a proton acceptor
Conjugate acid a conjugate acid results from the addition of a proton to a
Brnsted base
Conjugate base conjugate base of a Brnsted acid is the species that remains
when one proton has been removed from the acid
Salt Salt is a compound that is formed from acid with base
compound
pH The negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration.
Buffer solution Buffer solution is solution contain the pair of solute substence
namely the pair of weak acid weak base (acid base
conjugate) which has the ability to resist changes in pH upon
the addition of small amounts of either acid or base
2. Concept that will be constructed

Concept Conception
Buffer acid solution Buffer acid solution is a solution contain the pair od weak
acid and anion from the salt of weak acid- strong base
(conjugate base) which has the ability to resist changes in pH
upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base.

3. Material
Buffer solution is solution contains the pair of solute substance namely the pair of
weak acid weak base (acid base conjugate) which has the ability to resist changes in pH
upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. Buffers are very important for
chemical and biological systems. One types of buffer solution is buffer acid solution. Buffer
acid solution is a solution contain the pair od weak acid and anion from the salt of weak acid-
strong base (conjugate base) which has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of
small amounts of either acid or base. The example of buffer acid solution can be prepared by
adding comparable molar amounts of acetic acid (CH3COOH) and its salt sodium acetate
(CH3COONa) to water. The equilibrium concentrations of both the acid and the conjugate
base (from CH3COONa) are assumed to be the same as the starting concentrations. A
solution containing these two substances has the ability to neutralize either added acid or
added base. Sodium acetate, a strong electrolyte, dissociates completely in water:
CH3COONa(s) CH3COO-(aq) + Na+(aq)
+
If an acid is added, the H ions will be consumed by the conjugate base in the buffer,
CH3COO-, according to the equation
CH3COO-(aq) + H+(aq) CH3COOH(aq)

If a base is added to the buffer system, the OH- ions will be neutralized by the acid in the
buffer:

CH3COOH(aq) + OH-(aq) CH3COO-(aq) + H2O(l)

To calculate the pH of buffer acid solution can be used the following formula:
[ + ][ }
Ka = []


pH = - log Ka log

VII. APPROACH AND MODEL OF LEARNING


Learning Model : Problem Solving
Learning Approach : Deductive
Learning Method : Group discussion
VIII. TEACHING STEPS
Activities The Description of Activity Time
Indicator Code, Approach, Teacher Students
Model, Methods (minute)
Teacher responds students Students greet teacher Good 6
greeting Good morning, morning, Miss.
students. How are you feeling
today? Students answer the question
Teacher checks students from teacher.
attendance Who is absent
today? Students listen teachers
Opening Lesson Teacher gives apperception explanation and try to answer
Last week, we have already learn the question.
about buffer solution. Do you still
remember what is buffer solution? Students try to answer
Teacher gives motivation, by teachers question.
giving phenomenon Most of the
human body consists of fluids.
One of them is blood, particularly
the liquid phase of the blood,
which is a solution. Thus, the
liquid blood has a certain pH.
Human blood distribute oxygen
throughout the body and
transporting the remains of
metabolism to be excreted out of
the body. Human blood has a pH
relatively constant, ie at around
pH 7.4. Why blood has a pH
relatively constant? Students listen information
Focusing the attention of students from the teacher and be focuss
by telling basic competences, to learn.
indicators, and the objectives of
learning.
2.1.1 Approach: Teacher gives a worksheet to Students listen and follow the 17
2.1.2 Deductive students and gives instruction instruction from teacher.
2.1.3 Model : Problem toward the worksheet.
solving Confront Problem
Method: discussion Teacher presents a problem that Students observe the text as
written on the worksheet. introduction and confront
Teacher asks students to observe problem.
the text that contains
phenomenom as an introduction.
Approach: Diagnose or Define Problem
deductive Teacher guides students to define Students try to define problem
Model : Problem problem and then formulate and then formulate problem
solving investigation problems based on statements.
Method: discussion the text given on worksheet.
Teacher guides students to make Students make agreement
agreement toward the problem toward the problem
statements. statements.
Approach: Inventory Several Solution
deductive Teacher provide some solution Students collect data related
Model : Problem (theory) and gives opportunity to with the problem and
solving students to collect data from the phenomenon given on the
Method: discussion several resources and guide worksheet, and try to
students to formulate hypothesis formulate the hypothesis.
related to the text given on the
worksheet.
Teacher guides students to make Students make agreement
agreement toward the hypothesis. toward the hypothesis.
Approach: Conjecture Consequence of
deductive Solution
Model : Problem Teacher gives data of experiment Students analyze data toward
solving and ask students to analyze data the information to solve the
Method: discussion toward the information to solve problems.
the problems
Approach: Test Consequence
deductive Teacher asks and facilitates Students solve the problem in
Model : Problem students to prove the concept as a worksheet and try to relate the
solving validation answer with phenomenon on
Method: discussion text to make validation
answer.
4.13.1 Approach: Teacher asks and facilitates Students present the result of
deductive students to present the result of discussion.
Model : Problem discussion.
solving Teacher clarify and emphasis Students listen the explanation
Method: discussion important facts and concepts from teacher seriously.
about the buffer acid solution.
3.1.1 Teacher asks students to make Students make conclusion 7
3.1.2 conclusion toward the buffer acid toward buffer solution topic.
solution
Teacher gives opportunity to Students ask question related
Closing students to ask the topics (buffer to the topic that still in doubt.
acid solution) that still in doubt.
Teacher conducts post test. Students do the post test.
Teacher takes three samples of Students listen to teacher and
students answer and announces give applause to student who
the result of post test. get the highest score.
Teacher tells the next topic. Students listen the
Teacher asks and reminds students information of teacher.
to clear the board and classroom. Follow up teacher instruction.

IX. LEARNING RESOURCES AND LEARNING MEDIA


1. Learning Resource
Utami, Budi., Mahardiani, Lina.,dkk. (2009). Kimia 2 : Untuk SMA/MA Kelas XI, Program
Ilmu Alam. Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, CV. HaKa.
MJ
Jespersen, Brady and Hyslop.2012. Chemistry, The Natural Nature of Matter (6th Ed). New
York : John Wiley and Sons, Inc
2. Learning Media
Worksheet
3. Teaching Aids
- White board
- Board makers

X. ASSESMENT

Indica Assesment Technique Peocedure


Target (Aspect that asses)
tor Method Instrumen (Assesing time)
2.1.1 Enthusiasm and discipline in Observation Affective
teaching learning process observation sheet
(attachment 7)
During learning,
2.1.2 Honesty and openness in Observation Affective discussion
presenting discussion results observation sheet
(attachment 7)

2.1.3 Critical in collecting and Observation Affective


analyzing data observation sheet
(attachment 7)
Knowledge
3.13.1 Define buffer acid solution Post test Essay (attachment 4) In the end of
Essay attachment 4) lesson
3.13.2 Identify the component of Post test
buffer acid solution Essay attachment 4)
3.13.3 Calculate the pH of acid Post test
buffer solution
3.13.4 Analyze addition effect of Post test Essay attachment 4)
slightly acid or base into
buffer solution

Skill
4.13.1 Present the result analysis Performanc Observation sheet of During
toward experiment data of e assesment presentation presentation
buffer acid solution
(attachment 8)