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TH E

H EFFER N A N SPECIALIST MATHS


G R O U P TRIAL EXAMINATION 1
P .O . B o x 1 1 8 0 SOLUTIONS
S u r r e y H ills N o r t h V I C 3 1 2 7
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Question 1 (3 marks)
6
x 5
x
0
2
2
dx

6 6
x 5

0
2
x 2
dx x
0
2
2
dx

6 6
1 5 x
log e ( x 2 2) tan 1
2 0 2 2 0
(1 mark) (1 mark)
1
(log e (8) log e ( 2 ))
2
5
2
tan 1 3 tan 1
( 0)
1 5
log e ( 4 ) 0
2 23
5 2
log e ( 2 )
6
(1 mark)
Question 2 (5 marks)
a. i. (given in question)
CM CA
1
b~ a~
2
1
a~ b~
2
(1 mark)
ii.
CM CO OM
1
b~ OD
2
1
b~ OA AD (1 mark)
2
1 1
b~ OA AB
2 3
1 1
b~ a~ ( a~ b~ )
2 3
2 1 1
a~ b~
3 3 2
(1 mark)

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THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions
2

b. From part a.,


1 2 1 1
a~ b~ a~ b~
2 3 3 2
2 1 1 1
So ___(1) and ___(2)
3 2 3 2
Substitute (1) into (2)
1 2 1 1

2 3 3 2
1 1 1

3 3 2
2 1

3 2
3

4 (1 mark)
2 3
So
3 4
1

2
(1 mark)

Question 3 (3 marks)

The vector resolute of a~ in the direction of b~



a~ b~ b~

1 1
~i 4 j 2 k~ 2 ~i j 2 k~ 2 ~i j 2 k~ (1 mark)
~ 3 ~ 3 ~
1
( 2 4 4) 2 ~i j 2 k~
9 ~
2 (1 mark)
2 i~ j 2 k~
3 ~
The vector resolute of a ~ perpendicular to ~
b


a~ a~ b~ b~
2
~i 4 j 2 k~ 2 ~i j 2 k~
~ 3 ~
7 10 2
~i j k~
3 3 ~ 3
(1 mark)

If you have time, add the two resolutes together to make sure they give a~ .
4 2 4 7 10 2
i j k~ ~i
~
j k~
3 3 ~ 3 3 3 ~ 3
~i 4 j 2 k~
~

a~

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions


3

Question 4 (4 marks)

Since z 2i is a solution then z 2i is also a solution because the coefficients of the


terms in the equation are all real (conjugate root theorem).
So(z 2i)(z 2i)
z 2 4isafactor
(1 mark)

Method 1 long division

z 2 2z 4
z 4 z 2 z 8 z 2 8 z 16
2 4 3

z4 4z 2
2 z 3 4 z 2 8z
2z 3 8z
4z 2 16
4z 2 16

Method 2 inspection

z 4 2 z 3 8 z 2 8 z 16
( z 2 4 )(_ z 2 _ z _ )
( z 2 4 )(1z 2 _ z _ )
( z 2 4 )( z 2 2 z _ )
( z 2 4 )( z 2 2 z 4 )

So f ( z ) ( z 2 4)( z 2 2 z 4) (1 mark)
2 2
( z 4)(( z 2 z 1) 1 4)
( z 2 4)(( z 1) 2 3)
( z 2 4)(( z 1) 2 3i 2 )

( z 2 4) z 1
3i z 1 3i (1 mark)

The other solutions to f ( z ) 0 are z 2i,1 3i . (1 mark)

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions


4

Question 5 (5 marks)
a. u 10 v u at (1 mark)
v 0 0 10 4a
t4 a 2.5
a ?
The acceleration is 2.5ms 2 .
(1 mark)
Method 2
b. Method 1

u 10 s ut
1 2
at
2 v 2 u 2 2as
1 0 100 2 2.5s
v0 10 4 2.5 16
2 100
s
t4 40 20 5
a 2.5 20 20
s?
The box travels 20m.
(1 mark)
c. Draw the forces on the diagram.
j
R
~
m a~ ~
i
~
F ~i ( N 2 g ) j 2a ~i (1 mark)
~ N
F 2a and N 2g m o tio n
N 2 2.5
F
2 g 5
5

2g 2g
So r 5 and s 2 . (1 mark)

Question 6 (4 marks)
x
2 xy arctan y 2 5
2 4
dy 2 dy 2
2 y 2x 2y 0 (1 mark) - term
dx 4 x 2 dx 4 x2
dy 2 (1 mark) - other terms
(2 x 2 y ) 2 y
dx 4 x2
2 y (4 x 2 ) 2

4 x2
dy 8 y 2 yx 2 2

dx (4 x 2 ) 2( x y )
4 y yx 2 1
(1 mark)
(4 x 2 )( x y )
dy 4 4 1
At (2,1)
dx 83
7

24
(1 mark)

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions


5

Question 7 (4 marks)
y
Do a quick sketch.
1
y 2
x 2x 3
1
x
( x 3)( x 1) -1 O 2 3

2
1
area ( x 3)( x 1) dx
0
(1 mark)

1 A B
Let
( x 3)( x 1) ( x 3) ( x 1)
A( x 1) B ( x 3)

( x 3)( x 1)
True iff 1 A( x 1) B ( x 3)
1
Put x 1, true iff 1 4 B, B
4
1
Put x 3, true iff 1 4 A, A
4

2
1 1 (1 mark)
So area
0
dx
4( x 3) 4( x 1)

log e x 3 log e x 1
1 2
(1 mark)
4 0

2
1 x3
log e
4 x 1 0

1 1 3

log e log e
4 3 1

1 1 3
log e log e
4 3
1
1 1
log e
4 9
1

log e 32
4
1
log e (3) square units
2
(1 mark)

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions


6

Question 8 (5 marks)
a. Method 1
v 2x 4
dv
av (from formula sheet) (1 mark)
dx
1
dv 1
Now ( 2 x 4) 2 2
dx 2
1

2x 4
1
So a 2 x 4
2x 4
a 1
Hence acceleration is constant. (1 mark)
Method 2
v 2x 4
d 1 2
a v (from formula sheet)
dx 2
(1 mark)
1 d
2 x 4
2 dx
1
2
2
So a 1
Hence acceleration is constant. (1 mark)
b. v 2x 4
dx
2x 4
dt
dt 1

dx 2x 4
1
t
2x 4
dx (1 mark) let u 2 x 4
1
1 du du
u 2
2 dx
dx
dx
2
1
1 2

2
u du
1
1 2
t u 2 c
2
t 2x 4 c (1 mark)
When t 0, x 0, so 0 4 c and c 2.
So t 2x 4 2
When t 3, 3 2x 4 2
5 2x 4
25 2 x 4
21
x
2
(1 mark)

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions


7

Question 9 (7 marks)

1 1
a. d f , (1 mark)
2 2
rf [0,6 ] (1 mark)

b. y
1
,6 6
2

0 ,3

x
1 1
,0
2 2
(1 mark) correct endpoints and y-intercept
(1 mark) correct shape

3
volume x
2
c. dy (1 mark)
0
y
since y 6 arccos(2 x )
y 1
arccos(2 x ) ,6 6
6 2
y shaded
cos 2 x
6 0 ,3 re g io n to
1 y b e ro ta te d
x cos
2 6
x
1 y 1 1
x cos2
2 ,0
4 6 2 2
Since cos(2 ) 2 cos2 ( ) 1
2 cos2 ( ) cos(2 ) 1
1
cos2 ( ) (cos(2 ) 1)
2
1 y
x 2 cos 1
8 3
3
y
volume
8 cos 3 1dy
0
(1 mark)
3
y
3sin y
8 3 0

{(3sin( ) 3 ) (3sin(0) 0)}
8
3 2
units3
8
1 mark

THE HEFFERNAN GROUP 2015 Specialist Maths Trial Exam 1 solutions