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Pat Dexter D. Abucejo Dec.

17, 2015

Rationale of the Study

The history of the world tells us of the many religions and beliefs that had led the people
to believe in supernatural beings that cause everything. People of the ancient times believed in
their gods and goddessesthe Norse gods, the Greek god and goddesses, the Roman gods and
goddesses. Religions sprouted such as Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam,
Christianity and many other religions each with their own type of worship and beliefs.

The religion of Christianity begun to spread after the death of Christ on 33AD and it
continued to influence the whole world until it came to the Philippines on 1521 by the Spaniards.
The Spaniards evangelized and Christianized the native Filipinos starting with Raja Humabon,
Reyna Juana and all the members of their balangay.

Christianity is teaching us the way of life we must follow for us to obtain eternal life in
the bosom of our heavenly Father. Christ has left us his teachings and his sacraments to his
Apostles and handed it down to the Church1 until it reached our generation. The Church taught
us its doctrines and dogmas and most especially the 10 commandments of God given to Moses
on Mt. Sinai as it is written on the book of Exodus. The 5th commandment as it is written is
Thou shall not kill2, a very strong mandate that tells us to preserve ones life. Killing is a
general term; it refers to murder, suicide, euthanasia, abortion, etc. The Church strongly
disagrees on such things for it does not any more preserve ones life but destroys it. The Church
as a follower of Christ must sincerely follow the teachings of Christ.

This research focuses on the issue about abortion. Abortion is any action directed toward
the termination of pregnancy. What is wanted and intended is the elimination of an undesired
pregnancy, and nothing else.3 Abortion is indeed a grave sin. I choose this topic because I was

Church refers to the Catholic Church.

Bible, Exodus 20:13.
raised as a devout Catholic, nurtured and formed with the teachings of Christ through catechism
and homilies of the priests. As striving to become a priest someday, I must make sure that I must
know all the things behind this so called abortion and why we must not agree with it so that in
my ministry someday, this may help me in proclaiming Christs word to all the faithful members
of his flock. This may also inform all the people, most specially the Catholics, that they must
heed the voice of God in saying no to such activity. Also as a Filipino born citizen, we are said to
be conservative and very life and family oriented that we are too close to our families even to the
extended ones.

The Filipino cultures and traditions is slowly turning from being conservative to being
liberated. We are under the threat of social colonization. We intend to adapt to the lifestyles of
the foreigners mostly to the Americans. We are great imitators. We try to imitate other
nationalities to the extent that we are forgetting the customs and traditions of the Filipino people
that made us unique from other nationalities.

Abortion is the process when a baby is removed in the womb of the mother when it is
unwanted. It is the product of lust not of love. That is why sharing of love must be done only on
the couple consecrated in the sacrament of marriage when both the man and wife oath before
God and His Church to be responsible and to take good care of the children given to them. The
baby in the womb is helpless yet killed for the reason to escape the responsibility.

The Church is strong enough to fight against the legality of abortion in spite of all the
threats. Jesus left us his teaching that we must love each other. We say we love our brother 4 and
we also say yes to abortion, such a contrary.

Abortion, or the deliberate ejection of a non-viable fetus from the mothers womb, is
strictly prohibited in the 5th Commandment as the killing of an innocent human being (cf. PCP II
585; CCC 2270-75). Yet, this moral position must be related to the social and economic situation
that most often is the root of the problem. Many women who in anguish, depression and fear,
succumbed to having an abortion, felt they simply had no choice in the matterthey simply felt

Ma. Imelda P. Nabor-Nery, Christian Morality and Ethics.

Brother extends to all sexes.
they had to do it. Consequently, the equally urgent moral obligation is to help indigent mothers,
expand adoption services, improve health care agencies for needy women, and the like.5

It is very sad to say that most of the people wanting it to be legalized are baptized
Catholics. Accordingly, life begins in fertilizationthe moment when the egg and the sperm
cells unite. Suppose, then, that we grant that the fetus is a person from the moment of
conception. How does the argument here? Every person has a right to life. No doubt the mother
has a right to decide what shall happen in and to her body. But surely a persons right to life is
stronger and more stringent than the mothers right to decide what happens in and to her body
and so outweighs it. So the fetus must not be killed; abortion may not be performed.6

Even in the Philippine Constitution, it is clearly stated there the human rights must be
given even to the unborn. As it is stated, shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life
of the unborn form conception.7 So why are is it that some people what to amend that
constitution? Isnt that constitution beautiful enough for the unborn to be dignified?

All of us are created in the image and likeness of God.8 We have dignities as human
beings and we must protect and preserve it. Not just on ourselves but we must extend it to all the
creations of God.

Many countries are now legalizing abortion, but it doesnt mean that if many are doing it,
it is already right. We must make sure that a law is moral and protects human dignity and
reputation. We must all remember that it is God who makes the law, not us. As what Cicero had
said God is the only legislator.

Cathechism for Filipino Catholics, 1037

James P. Sterba, Morality in Practice, Judith Travis Thomson

1987 Philippine Constitution, Article 2:Section 12

Bible, Genesis 1:26