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Entrance Exam Reviewer C.

Propulsion Rate
D. Bulk Density
The 100 Questions
6. It is the equal and opposite reaction of the gun
against the forward movement of the bullet during
Entrance tests are used to assess your potential
the explosions.
A. Residual Pressure

1. Ballista is a gigantic bow or catapult which was B. Recoil

used to hurl large objects such as stones at a C. Backfire
particular distance to deter animals or enemy forces.
D. Misfire
A. Catapult
B. Balle 7. The speed per unit of time of the M16 is 3,300
ft/sec. This refers to:
C. Ballein
A. Fire power
D. Ballista
B. Velocity
2. Ballistics is the scientific study of the propulsion C. Energy
and motion of projectiles such as bullets, artillery
shells, rockets and guided missiles. D. All of these

A. Propulsion 8. The noise created at the muzzle point of the gun

B. Expulsion due to the sudden escape of the expanding gas
coming in contact with the air in the surrounding
C. Repulsion atmosphere at the muzzle point.
D. Extraction A. Muzzle Blast

3. The British engineer Benjamin Robins conducted B. Muzzle Energy

many experiments in interior ballistics. His findings C. Range noise
justly entitle him to be called the
D. Fire power
A. father of modern gunnery
B. father of modern ballistics 9. What is the actual curved path of the bullet
during its flight from the gun muzzle to the target?
C. father of interior ballistics
A. Yaw
D. father of forensic ballistics
B. Accuracy
4. Late in the 18th century the Anglo-American C. Trajectory
physicist Benjamin Thompson made the first
attempt to measure the pressure generated by D. Velocity
gunpowder. The account of his experiments was the
most important contribution to 10. The means that the bullet may lose its speed
very rapidly during its flight the air. This is a
A. Exterior ballistics number that relates to the effect of air drag on the
B. Forensic Ballistics bullet's flight and which can be used to later predict
a bullet's trajectory under different circumstances
C. Interior ballistics through what are called "drag tables."
D. None of these A. Bullet trajectory

5. Burning Rate - An arbitrary index of the B. Critical zone

quickness that burning propellant changes into gas. C. Ballistics Coefficient
It is the rate controlled by the chemical
composition, the size and shape of the propellant D. Down Range
grains, and the pressure at which the burning takes
place. 11. The curve taken by the bullet while in flight is
A. Gas Power
A. rifling curves
B. Burning Rate
B. effective range
C. drift
18. Among the following, which is a long smooth
D. maximum distance bored firearm that is designed to prepare a single
12. Key-hole Shot - the tumbling of the bullet in its
A. Shotgun
flight and hitting the target sideways as a result of
not spinning on its axis. B. Musket
A. Key-hole shot C. Carbine
B. Back shot D. Caliber
C. Mid range trajectory
19. One from Hartford, Connecticut, who produced
D. Point Blank the first practical revolver and became famous for
its .45 caliber.
13. The power of the bullet that results in the
A. Samuel Colt
instantaneous death of the victim is called
B. Carl Walther
A. Zero power
C. Oliver Winchester
B. Power ranger
D. John C. Garand
C. Shocking power
D. Power range 20. Historians considered that the age of gunpowder
began with its first use as a propellant for a
14. What do you call the depth of entry of the bullet projectile on
in the target?
A. 1313
A. Terminal Velocity
B. 1413
B. Terminal Penetration
C. 1280
C. Terminal Ballistics
D. 1350
D. Terminal Power
21. That part of the handgun designed in a metal
15. Shotgun pellets made from lead especially tube through which the bullet is fired.
hardened by the addition of a slight amount of
A. Grip
antimony. This refers to
B. Frame
A. Shot Gun
C. Barrel
B. Chilled Shot
D. Rifling
C. Shot ballistics
D. All of these 22. The main advantage of the double-action
revolver over the single-action revolver is that
16. This is caused by the flame or hot gases not by
A. it can be fired rapidly
the hot projectiles as is commonly believed. It is
also known as burning or charring. B. it can be fired single shot
A. Blackening C. there is no recoil
B. Tattooing D. better fire power
C. Scorching
23. An automatic weapon that can fire from 400 to
D. Pink coloration 1,600 rounds of ammunition each minute.
A. Armalite
17. It is the clogging of the blood vessel by foreign
bodies such as air or bits of fats or septic embolus B. Uzi
causing blocking to the blood flow to the distal
C. Machine gun
tissues supplied by the blood.
D. Glock
A. Embolism
B. Bleeding 24. Technically speaking, the term ammunition
refers to
C. Hemorrhage
D. Infection
30. A photograph of the crime scene is a factual
A. a group of cartridges or to a single unit or
reproduction and accurate record of the crime scene
single cartridge
because it captures time, space and ___
B. a complete unfired unit consisting of a
A. person
bullet, cartridge, case, gunpowder and primer
B. event
C. a "single round"
C. thing
D. all of these
D. crime scene
25. It includes rocket launchers and such mounted
guns as howitzers, mortars, antiaircraft guns, and 31. In police photography it can be use as
naval guns. demonstration enlargements, individual photos,
projection slides, motion pictures during
A. Gunnery
A. Court prceedings
B. Artillery
B. Court exhibits
C. Musketry
C. Educational tour
D. Ballistics
D. Crime prevention
26. It is the soft guiding metal which serves as the
container of priming mixture, paper disc and anvil. 32. In photography, the light writes when it strikes
minute crystals of light sensitive surfaces (films and
A. Primer cup
photographic papers) thru the use of a mechanical
B. Primer mixture device called
C. Paper disc A. Camera
D. Battery cup B. Photograph device
C. Film and accessories
27. Proof Marks - It is the examination and testing
of firearms by a recognized authority according to D. Flashlight
certain rules and stamped with a mark to indicate
that they are safe for sale and used by the public. 33. ___ is a mechanical result of photography.
A. Provisional Proof A. Camera
B. Proof Marks B. Picture
C. Skid Marks C. Photograph
D. Slippage Marks D. Film

28. Skid Marks - When the bullet first starts forward 34. The bending of light around an object gives rise
without turning, that before the bullet can begin to to the phenomenon called ___. This phenomenon is
turn, it moves forward a small distance and this responsible for the partial illumination of object
makes the front of the groove in the bullet wider parts not directly in the path of the light.
than the rear part which leave an impression called
A. detraction
A. Provisional Proof
B. retraction
B. Proof Marks
C. diffraction
C. Skid Marks
D. defragmentation
D. Slippage Marks
35. What is the approximate wavelength of the
29. A mechanism in a revolver that connects pivot primary color red?
between the frame and cylinder.
A. 700 mu
A. trigger spring
B. 450 mu
B. trigger guard
C. 550 mu
C. yoke
D. 590 mu
D. anvil
36. In photography, which one is not a primary
refer to the focal length of the lens, which is
A. All of these
customarily measured in ____
B. Cyan
A. Millimeters
C. Magenta
B. Inches
D. Yellow
C. Centimeters
37. ___Absorption refers to the taking in of light by D. Mile per second
the material. Following the law of conservation of
energy, such light taken in is not lost but merely 43. What kind of lens causes light rays to converge,
transformed into heat. or come together, and is called a positive lens. A
positive lens focuses light form a distant source into
A. Diffraction
visible image that appears on then opposite side of
B. Somnambulism the lens to the object.
C. Absorption A. Concave
D. Convection B. Convex
C. Reflex
mediums that merely slow down the speed of light D. converge
but allow to pass freely in other respects, transmit
90% or more of the incident light. 44. ___ is the process of changing the distance
between the centers of the lens to the focal plane. It
A. Translucent objects
is the technique of adjusting the focal length to get
B. Opaque objects the sharp image of the object or scene to be
C. Transparent objects
A. Infinity
D. None of these
B. Lens change
39. The simplest camera is a ___, which consists of
C. Focusing
a box with a small hole in one of its sides.
D. Shutting
A. Camera obscura
B. Fixed focus camera 45. It is important to have the lens at the right
distance from the film otherwise the image of an
C. Pinhole camera object point will be seen as a circle which is
D. Nikkon camera A. clear in appearance
40. What changes the size of the aperture of the lens B. blurred in appearance
and regulates the amount of light reaching the film?
C. no photo
A. diaphragm
D. all of these
B. shutter
46. What part of the film consists of silver
C. lens compounds which are light sensitive and halogens?
D. film A. Top layer
41. What part of the camera controls the opening B. Emulsion layer
and closing of the shutter, regulates the quantity of
C. Film base
light that reaches and affects the sensitized material,
a dial which sets the length of time in which the D. Film surface
light is allowed to enter the camera?
47. It is defined as the product of illumination and
A. Shutter speed
time. The unit of it is usually in meter candle
B. Focusing mechanism second which is equivalent to exposure produced by
a light source of one candlepower, in the second at a
C. Shutter release button distance of one meter from the surface of the
D. Shutter speed dial sensitive material.
A. Photographic exposure
42. The lens is as important a part of a camera as
the body. Lenses are referred to in generic terms as B. None of these
wide-angle, normal, and telephoto. The three terms
C. Photographic speed
D. All of these
D. Light
53. It is a kind of handwriting that is characterized
48. These are used to control the relative tone
by being connected in which one letter is joined to
values in which colors are rendered by the
the next.
photographic process, to lighten or darkened
particular colors or to obtain color separation A. Script
records for color photography works.
B. Block
A. Viewing Filter
C. Vigorous
B. Color Filter
D. Cursive
C. Filtering
54. A writer may deliberately try to alter his usual
D. None of these
writing habits in hopes of hiding his identity. The
results, regardless of their effectiveness are termed
49. Because of the fact that all negative do not print
as ___.
best on one kind of paper, and in order to permit
printing for special effects, photographic papers is A. Down stroke
made in several different grades of contrast and
B. Gestalt
surface texture. What is the paper made by Kodak
that offers six degrees of contrast and glossy C. Disguised writing
D. Graphology
A. Glossy paper
55. The place where the writer grasps the barrel of
B. Manila paper
the pen and the angle at which he holds it is called
C. Velox paper
A. Pen lift
D. Bond paper
B. Pen hold
50. One that is executed in accordance with the C. Print script
Code of Commerce or any Mercantile Law,
D. Pren pressure
containing disposition of commercial rights or
56. The element of the writing movement which is
A. Commercial document marked by regular or periodic recurrences. It may
be classed as smooth, intermittent, or jerky in its
B. Holographic wills
C. Notarial wills
A. Shading
D. Private document
B. Simplification
51. The term "insertion" and "interlineations" C. Slope slant
include the addition of writing and other material
D. Rhythm
between lines or paragraphs or the addition of
whole page to a document.
57. What do we call the series of lines or curves
A. Insertion or interlineations written in a single letter; one of the lines of an
alphabet or series of lines or curves within a single
B. Integration
letter; the path traced by the pen on the paper?
C. Obliteration
A. Pen lift
D. None of these
B. Slope
52. In questioned document examination, what is an C. Delta
D. Stroke
A. A conclusion that is not based on scientific
examination 58. One is not a type of handwriting "Standards"
B. A mere speculation of facts contained in the A. Collected Standards
B. Requested standards
C. A scientific findings as to the content of
C. Post litem motan exemplars A. Joke
D. All of these B. Story
C. Telling
59. The act/process of making the content/s of a
document not the intended content. D. Lie
A. falsification
65. Hindu book of health and science which is
B. counterfeiting considered as the earliest known reference of the
methods for detecting deception.
C. forgery
A. Hindu Yoga
D. erasure
B. Ayur-Veda
60. The study of handwriting to determine one's
C. Arya abram
personality traits is called
D. Midos Yagu
A. handwriting analysis
B. graphology 66. The science and art of improving human breeds
by so applying the ascertained principles of genetics
C. dactyloscopy
and inheritance as to secure a desirable combination
D. fecalysis of physical characteristics and mental traits in the
offspring of suitably mated parents?
61. Who studied fear and its influence on the hearth
A. Genetics
and his observations subsequently formed the basis
for the technique in the development of the B. Eugenics
sphygmamomanometer and the scientific cradle,
C. Metabolism
which he used in studying fear on the heart?
D. Psycho Synthesis
A. Cesare Lombroso
B. Angelo Mosso 67. In polygraph examination, the whole chart when
finished is called
C. William Marston
A. result
D. John Larson
B. polygram
62. Who employed the first scientific instrument to
C. analysis
detect deception? This instrument known as
hydrosphygmograph, measured changes in pulse D. diagnostic
and blood pressure when suspects were questioned
about their involvement in or knowledge of a 68. The major component of the polygraph machine
specific response. are, except
A. Cesare Lombroso A. PNEUMOGRAPH
C. William Marston C. GALVANOGRAPH
D. John Larson D. KYMOGRAPH

63. It is a scientific diagnostic instrument used to 69. Did you shoot Mr X? is an example of __ in
record physiological changes in the blood pressure, polygraph examination.
pulse rate, respiration and skin resistance of an
A. Control question
examinee under controlled condition.
B. Relevant question
A. Lie detection
C. Irrelevant question
B. Polygraph
D. Evidence connecting question
C. Polygraph examination
D. Truth serum 70. Which of the following questions made in a
polygraph examination maybe considered an
64. Any untruthful statement; falsehood; anything irrelevant question?
that deceives or creates false impression.
A. Have you ever been called by the name
B. Is today Monday? C. The stamp pad smears easily
C. Are you over 20 years of age? D. Satisfactory for comparison purposes
D. All of the above
77. These are fingerprints which are imprinted by
mere chance or without any intention to produce the
71. This test is applied when the response to
relevant and control questions are similar in degree
and in consistency and in a way that the examiner A. Chance print
cannot determine whether the subject is telling the
B. Chance impression
truth or not.
C. Visible print
A. Silent answer test
D. Latent print
B. Peak of tension test
C. Guilt complex test 78. If a finger appears to be amputated (cut off) just
place the symbol or simple abbreviation as __ and
D. General question test
the date of amputation on the box of the finger
actually amputated.
72. To facilitate evaluation and interpretation of test
charts, markings are made with the use of signs and A. AMP
symbols. Which of the following examples of chart
markings should be the first marking of the
examiner in the chart? C. APT
A. X / 60 / 1.5 A D. AMPUT
B. XX / 60 / 1.5 A
79. Which has been known as the circulating tissue
C. X of the body?
D. XX A. brain
B. skin
73. A principle involved in fingerprinting which
states that there are no two fingerprints that are C. Mucus membrane
exactly alike unless taken from the same finger.
D. None of these
A. Permanency
80. The yellowish fluid of blood in which numerous
B. Individuality
blood corpuscles is called
C. Infallability
A. Serum
D. Generality
B. Plasma
74. The biggest percentage of fingerprint pattern is C. Red cells
A. Arches D. Cloth
B. Loops
81. What test is used to determine whether blood is
C. Whorls a human or non-human origin?
D. Accidentals A. Marquis test
B. Precipitin test
75. It symbolized by letter X in the fingerprint
classification. C. Baberios test
A. Ulnar Loop D. Levine test
B. Plain arch
82. ____ is a specialized epithelial outgrowth of the
C. Accidental whorl skin which occur everywhere on the human body
except on the palm of the hands and the sole of the
D. Tented arch
76. The reason why fountain pen ink, colored ink A. nails
and stamp pad are objectionable are, except
B. skin
A. They are too thin
C. hair
B. They dry too quickly
D. pores
C. insemination
83. What kind of fluid is used to restore tampered
serial numbers? D. fingering
A. Etching fluid
89. The physical incapacity of either sex to allow or
B. STP fluid grant to the other legitimate sexual gratification.
C. Motolite fluid A. Sterility
D. Gun serial fluid B. Impotency
C. Frigidity
84. As regards the relation of the site of the
application of force and location of injury, the D. Erectile failure
injury found at site of the application of force is
called 90. In England, he was a buckle maker then a
brothel operator; a master criminal who became
A. Coup injury
London's most effective criminal investigator. He
B. Contre injury was the most famous THIEF-CATCHER in 1720s.
C. Coup contre coup injury A. Alexander Mocanochie
D. Locus minoris resistancia B. Jonathan Wild
C. Billy Cook
85. Wound characterized by products of forcible
contact are called D. John Howard
A. Abrasion
91. He was known to be the creator of the "bow
B. Multiple wound street runners", a group of police officers attached
to the Bow Street Court, and not in uniform,
C. Mutilation
performing criminal investigative functions.
D. Punctured
A. Henry Fielding
86. All forms of violent death which results B. John Fielding
primarily from the interference with the process of
C. John Howard
respiration or to condition in which the supply of
oxygen to the blood or tissue or both has been D. Robert Peel
reduced below normal level are called
92. The founder and chief organizer of the London
A. Death by asphyxia
Metropolitan Police - the Scotland Yard, which
B. Death by mutilation became famous police organization in the world.
C. Death by injection A. Henry Fielding
D. Death by violence B. John Fielding
C. John Howard
87. It is defined as a remedy or process by which a
child born out of lawful wedlock and are therefore D. Robert Peel
considered illegitimate are by fiction of law
considered by subsequent valid marriage of the 93. America's most famous private investigator and
parents. founder of Criminal Investigation
A. Adoption A. Alec Nayhem
B. Legitimation B. Allan Pinkerton
C. Foster parenting C. Thomas Byrnes
D. Naturalization D. None of these

88. The introduction of seminal fluid with 94. The first woman detective in the history of
spermatozoa in the generative of a woman by any criminal investigation.
means of springe, pipette, irrigator, etc is called
A. Kathleen Jacob
A. penetration
B. Candy Miles
B. insertion
C. Kate Wayne
D. Pines Hamilton
A. Chain of events
95. A French Police Clerk who introduced and
established the first systematic identification system B. Key events
based on anthropmetrical Signalment and became
C. Chain of custody of evidence
the founder of criminal identification.
D. Chain of command
A. Fox Talbot
B. Thomas Byrnes
C. Alphonse Bertillon
D. Francis Galton
96. An Englishman who published his study on
classifying fingerprints. While other scientists were 1. D 51. A
2. A 52. A
studying fingerprints in their biological nature, he 3. A 53. D
recognized their uniqueness and significance in 4. C 54. C
criminal identification. 5. B 55. B
6. B 56. D
A. Arthur Conan Lyle 7. B 57. D
8. A 58. B
B. Thomas Byrnes 9. A 59. A
10. C 60. B
C. Alphonse Bertillon 11. C 61. B
D. Francis Galton 12. A 62. A
13. C 63. B
14. B 64. D
97. An Englishman who published a handbook for 15. B 65. B
Examining Magistrates in Munich, Germany and 16. C 66. B
advocated the use of scientific methods in criminal 17. A 67. B
18. B 68. B
investigation process. 19. A 69. B
A. Hans Gross 20. A 70. D
21. C 71. D
B. Thomas Byrnes 22. A 72. C
23. C 73. A
C. Alphonse Bertillon 24. D 74. B
25. B 75. C
D. Francis Galton 26. A 76. D
27. B 77. B
98. The SC ruled the illegally obtained evidence is 28. C 78. A
29. C 79. D
inadmissible in state criminal prosecutions in the 30. B 80. B
famous case of 31. B 81. B
32. A 82. C
A. Miranda vs Arizona 33. C 83. A
34. C 84. A
B. Otit vs Jeff 35. A 85. A
C. Mapp vs Ohio 36. A 86. A
37. C 87. B
D. Milkey vs Wett 38. C 88. C
39. C 89. B
40. A 90. B
99. As a rule, do not touch, alter or remove anything 41. D 91. A
at the crime scene until the evidence has been 42. A 92. D
processed through notes, sketches and photographs, 43. B 93. B
with proper measurements. This refers to 44. C 94. C
45. B 95. C
A. the golden rule in investigation 46. B 96. D
47. A 97. A
B. the number one SOP in investigation 48. B 98. C
49. C 99. A
C. the act of note taking 50. A 100. C
D. the act of crime scene preservation

100. The continues accountability of persons

handling evidences, and having responsibility of
taking care and preserving the evidences from the
time it was found until brought to court for
presentation is called