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Towards production of 100%

recycled asphalt
Martins Zaumanis
Rajib Mallick, Robert Frank
91% recycled
Recycling
52% reused
50 million tons of RAP
available in Europe

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100% recycling is it possible?
Materials

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100% recycling is it possible?
Materials
Technology

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100% recycling is it possible?
Materials
Technology
Mix design

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100% recycling is it possible?
Materials
Technology
Mix design
Mindset

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100% recycling is it possible?
Materials
Technology
Mix design
Mindset

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100% recycling is it possible?

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100% recycling is it possible?

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Mix design
Bitu-man

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Rejuvenator dose optimization
Brown Grease ( )
140
=
120
WEO
100 Organic blend
Yellow grease
Penetration, dmm

80 Virgin binder Distilled tall oil


Aromatic
60 extract
40

20 Virgin binder

0
0% 6% 12% 18%
Dosage

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Rejuvenator dose optimization
30%

25% High PG

20%
Dose

15%

10%

5%

0%
WV WV Organic Distilled Aromatic WEO
Oil Grease Oil Tall Oil Extract

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Rejuvenator dose optimization
30%

25% High PG

20%
Dose

15%

10%

5%

0%
WV WV Organic Distilled Aromatic WEO
Oil Grease Oil Tall Oil Extract

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Rejuvenator dose optimization
30%

25% High PG

20%

Low PG
Dose

15%

10%

5%

0%
WV WV Organic Distilled Aromatic WEO
Oil Grease Oil Tall Oil Extract

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Rejuvenator dose optimization
30%

25% High PG

20% Penetration

Low PG
Dose

15%

10% Intermed.
PG
5%

0%
WV WV Organic Distilled Aromatic WEO
Oil Grease Oil Tall Oil Extract

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9.5mm Superpave mix
100
Binder content: 5.9%
Rejuvenator: 12% 80
Air voids: 7%0.5%

Passing, %
VMA 17.40.5% 60
VFA 59.51.8%
40
Control points
20
Re-graded RAP
0

0.075
0.150
0.300
0.600

1.18

2.36
4.75

9.5

12.5
Sieve, mm

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Rutting 14,0
Virgin Mix
WV Grease
12,0

Rut Depth, mm 10,0


8,0 WV Oil
Organic Oil
6,0
4,0 Distilled Tall oil
WEO
2,0 Aromatic Extr
RAP Mix
0,0
0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000
Wheel Passes

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Low temperature cracking

18
Low temperature cracking
3000

2500

2000
Stress, kPa

1500

1000

500

0
-25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0
Temperature, C

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Virgin RAP+PG Aromatic Destilled WV Organic
mix 64-22 WEO Extract Tall Oil WV Oil Grease oil
0
Cracking temperature, C

-5

-10
-10

-15 -13
-16
-20 -18
-19
-21
-22 -22
-25
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Thank you!

Martins Zaumanis
http://zaumanis.com
martins.zaumanis@empa.ch

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