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Guidelines for bachelors thesis

A bachelors thesis is a degree thesis written by a student of first-cycle (undergraduate)

studies, which corresponds to the profile of a graduate as specified in the teaching standards
and in the curriculum of the following courses: International Trade Relations and

I. Content-related requirements
1. The subject and content of a bachelors thesis should correspond to the field of study.
2. A bachelors thesis may have the form of:
an overview the presentation of an issue related to the selected specialization
on the basis of the existing body of national and international literature,
a case study,
the analysis of a specific field of organizational activity,
a business plan,
a research report, e.g. survey report,
a project.
3. The thesis should include:
the specification and justification of the issue under study,
the specification of research methods and analytical tools applied,
the formulation of conclusions on the basis of the analysis.
4. As a result of the process of the preparation of a bachelors thesis, a student should be
able to:
identify, analyse and evaluate problems,
find relevant documents within the existing body of Polish and international
seek scientific information,
apply research methodology,
present a problem properly and propose appropriate solutions,
use knowledge obtained in the course of bachelor studies,
develop a clear, logical argument,
formulate their own points and opinions,
justify their views,
use the Polish language correctly and obtain word-editing skills.

II. Formal requirements regarding the layout of the thesis

1. Title page (standard layout of the title page attached).
2. Students declaration of authorship of the thesis included directly after the title page
3. List of contents.
4. Introduction including: an outline of the general background of the study, the reasons
for the choice of subject, the specification of the aim and scope of the thesis, the
indication of research methods, general information about the contents of each
chapter, a brief description of the literature on the subject and source materials.
5. Chapters including the main text of the thesis.
Two-, three- and four-digit NUMBERS should be written together (e.g. 1234). In
English we usually use commas to separate each group of three digits when
representing large numbers (five digits and more). In Polish, however, for numbers of
five and more digits, space should be used every three digits, starting from the right
(e.g. 12 345). In Polish we place a comma, not a point, before decimals (e.g. 2,53).
TABLES should be placed in the text or at the end of your thesis as an appendix. The
title should be placed above the table, while the source below it (see example in
attachment 1).
FIGURES the caption and source should be placed below the figure (see example in
attachment 1).
6. Conclusion including the description of the results of the study.
7. List of cited works in alphabetical order in accordance with the system of referencing
as specified in the Attachment to the Instruction No. 39/2011 of the President of the
Pozna University of Economics of July 25, 2011 regarding the principles for creating
bibliographic notes and end-of-work bibliography at the PUE (see attachment 2).
8. List of cited legislative acts (in justified cases).
9. List of Internet sources (with date of publication or access).
10. List of tables.
11. List of figures (diagrams, maps, etc.).
12. List of attachments.
13. Recommended length of the thesis: 40-50 pages.

III. Editorial requirements

The typescript of the thesis should meet the following requirements:

1. Paper size: A4 (text on both sides of the paper, except for the title page and the
declaration of authorship).
2. Font: Times New Roman (Arial).
3. Font size: 12 pts.
4. One-and-a-half line spacing shall be used.
5. Margins: top 2.5 cm
bottom 2.5 cm
left-hand 3,5 cm
right-hand 1.6 cm.
6. Use justification (making the text align with both the left and right margin).
7. Each new paragraph should be indented by 0.5 cm.
8. All pages of the thesis should be numbered, and the number should be placed at the
bottom of the page.
9. Bibliographic notes should be provided in the Harvard system of referencing as
specified in the Attachment to the Instruction No. 39/2011 of the President of the
Pozna University of Economics of July 25, 2011 (see attachment 2).
10. All three submitted copies of the thesis, printed on both sides and soft bound
(transparent front cover), should also include an attached data storage device, prepared
in the following manner:
a) delivered on a CD, which should include the text of the thesis recorded in PDF
format with the title beginning with the authors name, followed directly (no
space) by digits constituting the number of the authors student record book, then
followed directly (no space) by the abbreviated designation of the type of work,
i.e. lic.(BA), mgr (MA), e.g. kowalski22136mgr,
b) the CD with the file described above should also include a catalogue named
reserve, in which the same file should be recorded again.
The CD should be put into a paper envelope, which should be attached (glued) to the verso of
the title page of one of the copies of the thesis (it will be regarded as a backup copy.). The
visible side of the attached envelope should feature the authors first name and surname,
faculty, course and specialisation of studies, year of graduation and the thesis supervisors

Attachment 1

The example of a table

Table 1. The involvement of Personnel Directors in the formulation of strategies of

multinational companies in selected European countries (%)

Form of involvement

From the
Country beginning of
Strategy No
the process of Advisory role I dont know
implementation consultation
Denmark 55 19 6 8 13

France 50 22 12 2 13

Spain 46 21 8 2 23

Netherlands 48 31 8 3 12

Germany 55 19 6 8 13

Norway 54 24 6 4 11

Switzerland 48 20 6 14 12

43 27 8 7 15

Italy 32 23 17 3 25

Source: Based on: Goss 1994, p. 176.

The example of a figure

Appointing the team responsible for the selection process (e.g. a manager from headquarters,
a manager from an overseas branch, a Personnel employee)

Specifying the motive for overseas appointment:

filling a vacancy
the development of managerial staff
the development of an organization

Establishing proper selection criteria, which will consider the level of cultural differentiation
and the degree of candidates interaction with the overseas environment.
Establishing a pool of potential candidates.

Selecting the most effective methods of candidate selection.

Performing a preliminary selection.

Conducting an interview with the selected candidate and his/her spouse (only 1-2 candidates
reach this stage of selection).

Submitting a proposal to assume the overseas post.

Sending the selected candidate to participate in training programs and preparing him/her to
assume the overseas post.

Fig. 7. The process of selecting candidates for overseas jobs.

Source: Authors own work.