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Florida Alcoholic

B
Beverages and
d
Tobacco
Presented by
Special Agent Darren Covar,
S
Special
i l IInvestigations
ti ti U
Unit
it
(954) 249-2295
Fake ID Identification Agenda
 Agency Overview
 How we can work together
 Fake D/L and ID cards
 Related Florida State Statutes
 Examples of ongoing criminal enterprises
including DMV Offices
 Review physical characteristics of fake and real
Driver’s Licenses.
Florida Alcoholic Beverages
g and
Tobacco
 The Division of Alcoholic Beverages and
Tobacco is responsible for licensing the
alcoholic
l h li b beverage and d ttobacco
b iindustries,
d ti
for collection and auditing of taxes and fees
paid
id b
by th
the lilicensees, and d ffor enforcing
f i
the laws and regulations of the alcoholic
beverage and tobacco industries
industries.
Florida Alcoholic Beverages
g and
Tobacco
 How can ABT assist me as a road patrol officer?
 Underage drinking in Bars & Clubs:
 Many of the calls for service at bars are generated from
underage drinking. We can work with you to reduce these
problems.
 ABT can help you identify fake id’s
id s and then we can work
together to conduct random checks inside the bar.
 ABT can provide an Investigative Aide that will attempt to
make alcohol purchases inside the bar. If they sell to the
underage person ABT will arrest the bartender and in some
cases management staff.
Florida Alcoholic Beverages
g and
Tobacco
 How else can ABT assist me as a road patrol
officer?
 Convenience
C i St
Stores th
thatt reportedly
t dl sellll tto
underage persons:
 ABT can send in an investigative aide to purchase
alcohol or tobacco products. If the clerk sells to
the aide they will be arrested. Subsequent arrests
can lead
l d tto administrative
d i i t ti fifines against
i t th
the
business.
Florida Alcoholic Beverages
g and
Tobacco
 What
Wh t other
th services
i can ABT
provide to local departments?
 ABT can provide hands on inservice training to your
department either as part of roll call training or a more
extensive training class.
 Inspections
p of licensed p
premises: Any y state,, city,
y, countyy
police officer can inspect any licensed premises for tobacco or
alcohol violations without a warrant. Any other criminal
evidence found while searching for these violations is
admissible
ad ss b e in cou
court.
t
 Education of licenses premises: ABT provides vendor training
through the Special Investigations Unit to educate the owners,
managers, and door security on valid forms of id.
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 322.2616 – Zero Tolerance –
Automatic Administrative license
suspensioni ffor 6 months
th tto a year for
f
anyone under 21 with over a .02 BAC. This
i d
is done with
ith a roadside
d id portable
t bl b
breathth ttestt
machine that many departments issue to
officers These results are not criminally
officers.
admissible.
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 562.111 - Possession
of Alcohol products by
persons under
d 21 years off
age.
 FSS 316.193 (1) – DUI over
.08 BAC.
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 322.212
322 212 – It is
i unlawful
l f l for
f any person
to possess fictitious Driver’s Licenses or ID
Cards that are in the “similitude”
similitude of any that
are issued by any state.
 This statute also includes selling
selling,
manufacturing, and delivering stolen or
fictitious licenses.
 THIS IS A 3rd DEGREE FELONY
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 831.29 Possession of counterfeiting
tools. This includes plates, tools,
engravers, etc.
t that
th t are usedd to
t makek
“similitudes” of any real Driver’s License or
ID card.
d
 THIS IS A 2nd DEGREE FELONY
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 322.212
322 212 (5)(b) It iis unlawful
l f l ffor any
person to have in his or her possession a
driver’s
driver s license or id upon which the date of
birth has been altered.
 This includes the common cases where the
age has been scratched off and a new one
inserted.
 Misdemeanor
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 322.32 (3) To display, or represent as
his or her own, any D/L not issued to him or
h
her. (F
(Friend’s,
i d’ sister’s
i t ’ /b
brother’s)
th ’ )
 FSS 322.051 (6)(c) Same statute as it
relates to state ID cards.
 Both of these are Misdemeanors
Laws Relatingg to Fake ID’s
and Underage Drinking:
 FSS 843.03 Obstruction by Disguise. Prior
to arrest the subject gives officer a fake
name. Misdemeanor.
Mi d
 FSS 901.36 After arrest giving a fake name
to officer or correctional staff is a
misdemeanor. If such action adversely
affects an innocent party this becomes a
felony.
Cultural / Societal Influences
 Prior to 9-11 legal visitors were able to
obtain valid D/L’s past their valid I-94 date.
Si
Since 9
9-11
11 D/L’
D/L’s are only
l valid
lid as llong as
the I-94 is valid. The vast number of
i
immigrants
i t whoh overstay
t ththeir
i visas
i now no
longer have or able to obtain valid D/L’s
 This has created a huge demand for fake
D/L’s in areas influxed with Immigrants.
Cultural / Societal Influences
 Illegall iimmigrants
Ill i t will
ill nott reportt ffraud
d tto th
the
police and as a result are susceptible to
being taken advantage:
 Fraudulent Indian Membership Cards
 World Passport
 International Driver’s License
 NONE OF THESE ARE
ACCEPTABLE PROOFS OF AGE
C
Consequences off ID C
Crimes
i
 On August 2nd, 2001 an illegal immigrant
helped Ahmed Alghamdi get a real
Virginia ID card.
 On September 11th, 2001 Alghamdi was
one of the hijackers on UA flight 175.
175
 Victor Florez thought he was assisting a
fellow illegal immigrant
immigrant. He was paid
$100 for his assistance. He was
captured and plead guilty
guilty.
Organized Fraud vs. Local Production
 New JJersey St
N State
t Police
P li
“In 2002 ... the State Police arrested
members
b off ttwo major
j d documentt ffraud
d
rings. Since the summer, approximately
200 individuals have been arrested for
trying to obtain fraudulent identification
from the DMV,, 15 employees
p y have been
faced with criminal charges, and dozens of
others have been fired.”
Organized Fraud vs. Local Production
 April 28, 2005 – 52 arrested in South
Florida in connection to Driver’s Licenses
obtained
bt i d di
directly
tl ffrom ththe D
Department
t t off
Motor Vehicles. This included 36
i di id l who
individuals h ill
illegally
ll obtained
bt i d CDL’
CDL’s tto
haul hazardous material and enter ports.
 Driver’s Licenses have been purchased
illegally at DMV offices for $1,500.
Organized Fraud vs. Local Production
 College
C ll kid
kids won’t
’t pay $1,500
$1 500 tto b
be able
bl tto
drink. The licenses they purchase can be
identified as fraudulent.
fraudulent
 Most ID’s students buy cost between $50-
$150 and usually have some tell tale signs:
 Laminate overlays
 Fake holograms
g
 Poor quality
 Blurry images
Characteristics of Fake ID’s
 O l laminate
Overlay l i t
 With a simple pencil eraser information can be
removed from many Driver’s
Driver s Licenses.
Licenses
 The birth year numbers are erased. A clear
laminate with the new numbers is layered over
the driver’s license making it look very legitimate.
 The older Florida D/L’s have the laminate melted
on If you can peel back the laminate it is
on.
probably fake. New FL D/L’s can be peeled off
the back.
Characteristics of Fake ID’s
 Fake Holograms
 Common fake Holograms: Picture of an eagle,
k
keys, llocks,
k and
d th
the words,
d “V“Valid,
lid SSecure,
Genuine”
 Poor quality printing
 With a 10 x loop you can usually see magenta,
cyan and yellow dots which will not be visible
cyan,
on genuine documents.
Characteristics of Fake ID’s
 Most States will utilize Micro-Printing
 New Florida Licenses have micro-printing around
th website
the b it on ththe b
back
k
 Old Florida Licenses have the letters, “DL” inside
the state of Florida on the front
front.
 You don’t have to memorize the specifics of each
state. Just byy scanningg the license with a 10 x
loop you should find hidden micro-printing.
Characteristics of Fake ID’s
 Ultra violet images:
 39 States already have hidden images that can
b easily
be il viewed
i d with
ith a cheap
h UV lilight.
ht
 Once you see the UV image you can be
reasonably certain you are dealing with genuine
card stock.
 This is the best tool for night
g clubs and officers
working the night shift.
Security
y Features of the
Florida Driver’s License
Adult License
 Roll out April 2004
 Si ifi
Significant
t changes
h
 Appearance
 Minor license
 Security features
 Systems integration
Minor License  Redundant equipment
“Under 21”
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
C
Commercial
i l Driver
D i License
Li

Driver License

Learner License

Identification Card
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
This is the older version and the
one most likely to be
reproduced

There are several features to


look for on this license:

1.
1 Look
L k ffor “DL” within
ithi state
t t
2. Look for issue or duplicate
date in bottom numbers
3. Picture or red bar must line
up between the “i” and the
“d” in “Florida”
Securityy Features of the Florida
Driver’s License

Within the state outline


the letters “DL” repeat.
They should appear
clear and crisp. They
may be visible with the
naked eye depending
on your visual acuity.
Securityy Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
Examples of fake lettering within the state.

Usually the “DL” will be blurry. In a few cases they may be spread too far apart
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
 Driver specific
p
Back of License information
 Only restrictions,
endorsements,, etc.,, that
apply to the cardholder
will appear
 Magnetic stripe
 1-D and 2-D bar codes
 The laminate does not
cover the whole card
Security Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
Level One Security (overt)
features visible to the unaided eye:

 Hologram
 1-D
1 D and 2-D
2 D Bar Codes
 Magnetic Stripe
 Embedded Inventory
C t l
Control
2-D Barcodes
 Even without a barcode reader valid barcodes can be determined with
a 10x magnifier. This applies to all government issued documents.
On a real document the barcode
data lines will be clear and crisp
under magnification.

On a fake document the lines


become blurry or wavy. Also
strayy ink dots mayy become
visible in the white spaces in
between.
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License

Level Two Security (covert)


features visible with vision
UV Ghost Image enhancements:

• UV Ghost Image
Variable UV Text
• Variable UV Text
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License Level Two Security (covert)
features visible with vision
enhancements:
Security
Indicia
• Security indicia

• PolaScript

PolaScript
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License
Level Two Security (covert):
features visible with vision
enhancements:

• Micro-printing

Micro-printing
Security
y Features of the Florida
Driver’s License

This is a magnified view of the


rectangle surrounding the state web
“rectangle”
site. Many straight lines on
documents are actually micro-printing
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License

This is the
older version
that was
replaced in
2005.
Thi D/L d
This does
not contain UV
imaging but
does have,
“Alabama” and
the state seal
In holographic overlay that repeats across the license.
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License
The newestt D/L
Th
contains a 2-D
barcode, magnetic
p , digitized
stripe, g
portrait image,
signature and various
security features
including UV imaging
imaging.
Alabama’s new card
design includes the
state capital and state
seal.
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License
Alabama is now the 39th
state to incorporate UV
images into their new
design.

Under UV lighting the State


Seal will be visible.
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License
Both the magnetic strip
and 2-D Barcode
contain the same
demographic
information from the
front of the card
allowing it be read in
different formats.
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License

The “Under
Under 21 Until …” is a
new feature being
incorporated into every new
license designs. On the
Al b
Alabama D/L it appears along
l
the left hand border of the
photo.
Securityy Features of the Alabama
Driver’s License
Securityy Features of the Georgia
g
Driver’s License
Front of card contains a
holographic patch of
“GEORGIA” over the date of
birth area.

Check printing of license for


cyan, magenta, and yellow
overspray.
overspray
Securityy Features of the Georgia
g
Driver’s License
 The back of the card contains a 2
2-DD barcode that can be read by most
readers. Even if you don’t have a reader, an inexpensive 10x
magnifier will help you determine if you are holding genuine card
stock.

On a real document the barcode


data lines will be clear and crisp
under magnification.

On a fake document the lines


become blurry or wavy. Also
stray ink dots may become
visible in the white spaces in
between.
Securityy Features of the Louisiana
Driver’s License
•Top of D/L will have thin blue lines across that are visible
without a magnifier.
•Top of ID Card will be white with blue lettering.
•Outline of state appears across the license and ID Card in
gold overlay
Securityy Features of the Louisiana
Driver’s License
•The state seal will appear under UV
lighting across both the ID Card and the
Driver’s License.

•39 States now have UV features – UV


lights are $10 each and are perfect for
dark bars
bars.
Securityy Features of the Louisiana
Driver’s License
• Micro-printed control number is visible
inside the right hand side, ground floor
window
i d off the
th Capital
C it l building
b ildi using
i a 10x
10
magnifier.
Securityy Features of the Tennessee
Driver’s License
 The words,
Th d “T“Tennessee”” andd “Th
“The
Volunteer State” appear across the front of
the card in gold overlay
overlay.
 The back of the card has barcode
verification.
verification
 The Date of Birth is visible unaided in two
locations and in micro-printing
micro printing along the
flag pole (see next slide)
Securityy Features of the Tennessee
Driver’s License
•The
Th date
d t off birth
bi th appears
next to the ghost image which
is obvious to the naked eye.

•Not so obvious is the date of birth that


appears along the Texas flag pole. This can
only be seen with a 10x magnifier.
Examples of Micro
Micro-Printing
Printing
Micro-Printing

“MICHIGAN” is repeated under the bridge


Examples of Micro-Printing

“NEW YORK” appears


pp across the NY Driver’s License
Examples of Micro-Printing
“State of
Texas”
surrounds
the state
seal on the
Texas D/L
Conclusions:
 Fake Holograms
 Common fake Holograms: Picture of an eagle, keys, locks, and
the words, “Valid, Secure, Genuine”
 Poor quality printing
 With a 10 x loop you can usually see magenta, cyan, and yellow
dots which will not be visible on genuine documents.
 Keep the statutes handy.
 A U/V light will give you a degree of certainty with 39 states.
They are cheap and easy to use.
 If you encounter a good fake id ABT can work with you to
t k the
track th source.
 Fake ID’s have become the critical tool for terrorists.
Conclusions:
 As you have seen over and over again
throughout this presentation you will not
fi d th
find the security
it ffeatures
t without
ith t the
th right
i ht
tools. A UV light and a 10x magnifier will
costt about
b t $20 altogether.
lt th Th
These ttwo
tools, along with the effort on your part, will
help you catch 97% of fake id’sid’s.