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Kevin Zamora

ENC 1101

Professor Massey

November 27 2017

Annotated bibliography

Burks, Derek J. "Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Victimization In The Military: An Unintended

Consequence Of Don't Ask, Don't Tell?." 2017,.

This journal highlights the controversial issue of the integration of lesbian, gay, and

bisexual individuals in the U.S military. The author explains the political issues

surrounding this particular group and how many citizens do not know that they have had

to serve in secrecy to avoid becoming victims to discrimination. Research is also shown

to show data in regards to this victimization and ways in which these victims can seek

help. This data is used to increase awareness and prompt discussion towards policy


Gates, Gary J., and Jody Herman. "Transgender military service in the United States." The

Williams Institute (2014).

This research article compiles data to estimate the amount of transgender individuals who

have served in the US armed forces as well as those who are currently serving. The

famous Dont Ask, Dont Tell (DADT) which ended on September 11th did not exclude

transgender people from serving openly in the military and this article takes that into

account. The data is gathered from the National Discrimination Survey (NTDS). This

data helps provide an estimation of those who served and are serving in the military and
aids in relating this to data regarding discrimination and unfair treatment in the military

and in public policy.

Harrison-Quintana, Jack, and Jody L. Herman. "Still serving in silence: Transgender service

members and veterans in the National Transgender Discrimination Survey." LGBTQ Policy

Journal 3.1 (2013): 1-13.

This journal is written by Jack Harrison-Quintana is a queer latino activist and by Jody L.

Herman who holds a PhD in Public Policy and Public Administration. They reveal the

struggles that transgender individuals must think about before entering the military as

well as during their service. Many of these individuals must choose whether they want to

serve, even if it means they must not serve true to their gender identities because they

may not be allowed to serve otherwise. This study also reveals the widespread

discrimination, harassment, and physical and sexual assault transgender people have

endured while serving their country. More importantly, this research reveals transgender

people after the military and how they are more likely to experience negative life


Klimas, Jacqueline et al. "What To Know About Trump's Transgender Military Ban."

POLITICO, 2017, https://www.politico.com/story/2017/07/26/transgender-military-ban-how-the-


This article from Politico was released when Donald Trump announced that transgender

Americans could no longer serve in the US Military due to their tremendous medical

costs and the disruption their service would cause. The article also provides important

background such as how many transgender troops their currently are serving, how many

are serving openly, and information regarding the former and current policies. There is
also a brief section on the former president's impact on this issue, cost of healthcare for

transgender troops and reactions by other politicians.

Ross, Allison. "The invisible army: Why the military needs to rescind its ban on transgender

service members." S. Cal. Interdisc. LJ 23 (2014): 185.

The author makes a case for the same argument I will present while also providing flaws

in the arguments of the opposition. First, the author provides the necessary background

information regarding what it means to be transgender and the current political state of

this controversy. The argument for the rescindment of the transgender ban is made by

explaining the importance of their role in the military and the fact that their medical

needs are no more than those of pregnant military members. Finally, the journal counters

the objections for allowing transgender persons to serve in the military and how the US

could use other countries as an example.

Shipherd, Jillian C., et al. "Male-to-female transgender veterans and VA health care utilization."

International Journal of Sexual Health 24.1 (2012): 78-87.

This study show the significance between the rates of military service members in an

American male-to-female transgender community sample which is 30%, triple the

proportion of veteran status in the general population. There is also data in how often the

general population uses VA care in comparison to transvets. The study notes the

importance of health care for any population and the slightly higher use of health care

services by transvets. While it does appear higher, the services used are relatively equal

to those in the general population yet transvets were more concerned about the reactions

of their health care providers.

"Transgender American Veterans Association." Transgender American Veterans Association,


The Transgender American Veterans Association (TAVA) is a non profit organizations

that seeks appropriate medical care for transgender veterans. They also educate the

Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense on the controversial

issues surrounding transgender in the military due to recent events. This website will

allow me to access anecdotes from current and former military service members who

have personally gone through serving in secrecy and those who have other stories to tell.

It also gives me information on the rights that these individuals have and what is being

done to give them a voice.

Yerke, Adam F., and Valory Mitchell. "Transgender people in the military: don't ask? Don't tell?

Don't enlist!." Journal of Homosexuality 60.2-3 (2013): 436-457.

The authors in this article give strong arguments towards why transgender citizens should

have equal opportunity to serve their country. Those who serve their country should also

be given the same respect as those they served along with. Transgender individuals may

need ways to truly live in their gender identities and a way to do this is by serving in the

military because it provides a certain type of masculinity that they could not feel

otherwise. Denying entry to them can leave them susceptible to discrimination and other

forms of abuse. Some are even scared to say their true gender identity because they may

be discharged or face negative reactions from their peers, health care providers, and the

public. This journal also shows how other countries include transgender individuals in

their armed forces and how there are steps we can take to push for that change in the right