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CUCURBIT GROWTH DEVELOPMENT

Cucurbit, the pumpkin included into the family Cucurbitaceae there Cucurbita
(Pumpkin), Cucumis (Melon and Cucumber) and Citrullus (Watermelon).

The emergence of Sprouts and Growth

Cucurbit seeds consist of embryo sati and two cotyledons coated with a seed
coat. Energy or food reserves are stored in cotyledons. The germination process is
typical of dicoty with epigeal germination. Imbibilization is followed by biochemical
activity, elongation and the emergence of radikel.Hokokotil emerged from the seed layer
and elongated to push the seeds into the soil surface. The seeds that are already on the
surface are exposed to light, then passed to the cotyledons, then the contoured out of
the ground where they begin to grow and do photosynthesis.

Seed cucurbits can be directly used in the field or transplanted. In India, fry,
melon, fresh cucumber and summer squash are usually in transplants, and cucumbers,
winter gourds and pumpkins are usually planted directly. Options for direct planting or
transplantation should take into account weather constraints, costs, weed control,
potential seed predation, available equipment, and so on.

Vegetative Development

The seeds that have been planted will produce the leaves when the main stem
appears. In the vegetative phase, the stem will continue to grow and stand upright and
will collapse to the ground, unless already in pairs ajir. Branches that grow will follow the
growth pattern of the main stem. The number and length of the stems vary depending
on the species and cultivars. It is genetic variation that causes decrease in internode
length and shorter vines. This cultivar can be called "bush shrub", "semi-bush" or "vine".

Development of Interest

Flowers develop in the petiole. The types of flowers vary by genes and other
factors. Plants may have monoecious genes (separate male and female flowers),
andromonoecious (gentle and perfectly separate flowers), gynoecious (only female
flowers), or hermaphrodites (perfect flower). In monoecious and andromonoecious
plants, some male flowers are usually open before the pistillate (female or perfect)
flowers are open. At one time, there were several times more open male compared to
female flowers. The most typical form, the stem develops a series of nodes with a male
flower, a knot with pistillate flowers, another set of nodes with male flowers, a second
pistillic flower, and so on.
Pollination and Fruit Determination

Flowers open at temperatures above 50F (squash), 60F (cucumber and


watermelon), or 65F (muskmelon). They stay open a day for watermelon, muskmelon,
and cucumber, or half a day or less for Cucurbita spp. The fruit set requires pollinating
activity, such as honeybees or real squash bees.

Environmental conditions and crop conditions can interfere with pollination and
fruit determination. Weather conditions affect the pollinator activity. For example,
honeybees are less active when they are hot and dry. Applications or pesticide residues
can kill or prevent bees.

Fruit Development

The fruits of the cucurbit grow at some time, and then the fruit growth rate slows
down. Growth of size after pollination is a factor of cell magnification rather than an
increase in cell count. Cucurbit is divided into two groups based on the time of harvest,
when not yet ripe or commonly called fruit that is harvested before the seed and the skin
hardens, like cucumber, and the next is a ripe fruit or so-called fruit whose seeds and
hardened skin, such as melon.

Fruit indicators ready for harvest depend on several criteria, such as cucumber
that is harvested when the size is large enough, in the watermelon marked by yellowing
of the part where it grows, and on the hardened flask and the color change.

The size of the fruit maturity depends on the genetic, environmental and crop
conditions during the development of the fruit. Plant germination, the amount of fruits,
and reducing water in plants can cause the size of the fruit to become small. While high
temperatures at night, trim leaves, and increase leaf splint, can reduce water content
and sugar in the fruit

Temperature and Plant Growth

The optimum average temperature for growth is 65F - 75F for squash squash,
cucumber and muskmelon, and 75F - 85F for watermelon. To predict the maturity of
the plant can be difficult because of the fruit load effect on the fruit growth rate.

Cucurbit plants are susceptible to cold sores at temperatures below 45F to 50F.
The lower the temperature and the longer the duration, the greater the injury. Symptoms
of coldness include watersoaked spots on the leaves, wither, and death of the roots.
Cold plants can survive, but it is set in development. The fruit of this plant is also prone
to burns. Symptoms include sunken spots that are often invaded by decay organisms.

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