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Beam_Tapered_Thickness.

xls

To determine stress, deflection, & spring constant of a tapered-thickness constant-


width beam
By Alex Slocum, 8/28/03, last modified 09/21/04 by Xue'en Yang
Enters numbers in BOLD, Results in RED
Schematic

Beam dimensions and properties Values ProE Simulation


Force, F (N, grams) 0.5 0.5
Modulus, E (N/mm^2) 200000 200000
Width, b (mm) 0.5 0.5
Thickness at end, te (mm) 0.1 0.1
Thickness at base, tb (mm) 0.2 0.2
Length, L (mm) 5.0 5.0
Distance along beam (x=0=end), x (mm) 0.0 0.0
Thickness slope, m 0.020
Constant, c_1 9375
Max stress at base, maxs (N/mm^2) 750 763
Max strain at base (%) 0.00375 0.003815
Slope at beam end (radians) -0.1875
Deflection at beam end, defl (mm) 0.511 0.504
Spring constant, k (N/mm) 0.978 0.992
Comparative straight beam deflection 0.313
Ratio of tapered/straight beam deflection 1.636

Equations

12 F t end - t base ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end ) t base - t end 6 FL


d= 3 - - m= s max stress =
bE 2m t base m
3
2m 2t base
2
L bt 2
bE
k=
t end - t base ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end )
2m 3t base - m 3 - 2m 2t base
12 2


12 F t end - t base ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end ) t base - t end 6 FL
d= 3 - - m= s max stress =
bE
2 m t base m
3
2 m
2 2
t base

L bt 2
bE
k=
t end - t base ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end )
2m 3t base - m 3 - 2m 2t base
12 2


12F t - t ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end )
t -t 6FL
d = end 3 base - 3 - 2 2 m = base end s max stress =
bE 2m t base m 2m t base L bt 2
bE
k=
- ln ( t end t base ) L ( 2t base - t end )
12 t end 3 t base - 3 - 2 2
2m t base m 2m t base