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MARINE AUXILIARY DIESEL ENGINES

6EY18Series
400 - 800 kW (544 - 1088 ps)

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Call for Yanmar solutions


MODEL 6EY18LW, 6EY18ALW
PRODUCT GUIDE
CODE 0GEY1-G00402
All Rights Reserved, Copyright
CONTENTS
1. The Development Story 1

2. Development Concept and Policies 2

3. (QJLQH0DLQ6SHFLFDWLRQVDQG*HQHUDWRU&DSDFLW\ 3

(QJLQH0DLQ6SHFLFDWLRQV 3
*HQHUDWRU&DSDFLW\ 3

4. Structural Outline 4

External View 4
Sectional View 5

5. Raising Life Cycle Value (L.C.V.) 6

The Low Sac Fuel Injection Valve 7


Cooling Water Variable Temperature Control Equipment 8
Intake and Exhaust Valve Stem Seals 9
+LJKO\(IFLHQW7XUERFKDUJHUZLWK/RQJ0DLQWHQDQFH,QWHUYDO 10
Automatic Back-Washing Lubricating Oil Strainer 11
Easy Maintenance 12
Piping and Wiring Joints 13

6. Harmony with the Environment 14

$66,*1&RPEXVWLRQ6\VWHP 15
6WDJJHUHG/D\RXW0XOWL+ROH1R]]OH 15
Air Flow Motion 15
6.2 High Pressure Miller Cycle System 16
Miller Type Cam 16
High Pressure Ratio Turbocharger 17
5HODWLRQEHWZHHQ6SHFLF)XHO&RQVXPSWLRQDQG12[(PLVVLRQ 17
6.3 Corresponding to Low Sulfur Fuels (Decrease SOx) 18
Protection Ring 18
Fuel Injection Pump Drive System 18

7. Comparison of Outside Dimension and Maintenance Interval 19

8. 'HYHORSPHQW0DQXIDFWXULQJDQG6HUYLFH1HWZRUN 20
6EY18 Diesel Engine

1.. T
1 The
he D
Development
ev
e velopment S
ve Story
torry
y

Since its establishment, Yanmar has been dedicated to developing its own new technologies
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improvement of "Life Cycle Value" by developing products that embody reliability, durability
and low cost operation, because auxiliary engines are relied upon throughout the long life of a
ship.
However, as atmospheric pollution damages the environment and global warming has begun
to effect the ecosystem, protecting the environment has become a vital global issue. Yanmar
ZDV IRXQGHG ZLWK WKH VSLULW RI JUDWHIXO WR VHUYH IRU D EHWWHU ZRUOG ,Q RUGHU WR UHDOL]H WKDW
hope, Yanmar is developing engines in harmony with the environmentE\UHGXFLQJ12[&22,
SOx, and other emissions.
The concepts behind the 6EY18 engine of "Improving Life Cycle Value" and "Harmony with the
Environment" deliver customer satisfaction by offering solutions for both economy and envi-
ronmental protection.

A Rugged, Durable
and Long Lasting Engine.

Maintenance Parts Replacement Fuel Cost


Total sum of costs

Raising L.C.V.
Contract

Delivery

Inauguration

Operation 20 to 25 years

1
6EY18 Diesel Engine

2.. D
2 Development
evelopm
meent C
Concept
oncept a
and
nd P
Policies
olicies

Raising L.C.V.
(Life Cycle Value) for Customers

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Selecting and Developing
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Long Life Parts
&RQWDPLQDWLRQUHVLVWDQWDSSOLFDWLRQV

0RUHVSDFHIRUHDV\PDLQWHQDQFH
Easy Maintenance 0RGXODUL]DWLRQRISDUWV
5HGXFLQJGDLO\LQVSHFWLRQZRUN

&RQQHFWLRQV ZLWK H[WHUQDO SLSLQJ DUH FRQFHQWUDWHG LQ WKH


6LPSOLHG2QERDUG
HQJLQHIURQWVLGH
Piping
6LPSOLFDWLRQWKURXJKSLSLQJDQGZLULQJXQLWV

Harmony with the Environment

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PHQWRIORZIXHOFRQVXPSWLRQ
Reduced Emissions +LJKSUHVVXUHPLOOHUF\FOHV\VWHP
'HFUHDVHG12[&22, SOx) $66,*1FRPEXVWLRQV\VWHP
&RUUHVSRQGLQJWRORZVXOIXUFRQWHQWIXHOV
/RZVPRNHDFKLHYHPHQW

2
6EY18 Diesel Engine

3. (QJLQH0DLQ6SHFLFDWLRQVDQG*HQHUDWRU&D-
pacity

(QJLQH0DLQ6SHFLFDWLRQV

(QJLQH0RGHO (</: (<$/:

5DWHG3RZHU N: WR WR

5DWHG6SHHG PLQ  

1RRI&\OLQGHUV  6

%RUH[6WURNH PP 

0HDQ3LVWRQ6SHHG PV  

0HDQ(IIHFWLYH3UHVVXUH 03D WR WR

0D[&RPEXVWLRQ3UHVVXUH 03D 

$SSOLFDEOH*HQHUDWRU&DSDFLW\ N:H WR WR

*HQHUDWRU&DSDFLW\

Speed Generator Capacity (kWe)


Pole min-1
400 500 600 700 800 1000 1200

(60Hz) 360 560 1020


10 720
6EY18LW 6EY22LW
(50Hz)
8 750

(60Hz) 400 750 1300


8 900
6EY18ALW 6EY22ALW
(50Hz)
6 1000

3
6EY18 Diesel Engine

4. Structural Outline

External View
(Operation side)
Turbocharger Cooling water temp. Hydraulic governor
regulating valve

Air cooler

Fuel strainer

Fuel feed pump


Fuel pressure control valve Air starter

1RQRSHUDWLRQVLGH
Junction box Lub. oil pressure control valve

Lub. oil cooler


Lub. oil temp.
regulating valve

Cooling water
pump

Lub. oil pump


Lub. oil strainer
(automatic back-washing type)
Lub. oil priming pump

4
LCV Improvement
6EY18 Diesel Engine

Sectional View

Fuel injection pump Fuel injection valve


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6WDJJHUHGOD\RXWPXOWLKROHV
 QR]]OH
/RZVDFW\SH

Cylinder head
+\GUDXOLFDOO\WLJKWHQHGEROWV
,QWHJUDWHGLQWDNHSLSH
,QWDNHVZLUO

Exhaust valve
&RROHGH[KDXVWYDOYH
VHDW
1LPRQLFPDWHULDO

Cylinder block Cylinder liner


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  ZLWKVLGHWLJKWHQLQJEROWV
0DLQEHDULQJEROWVWLJKWHQHG
 E\K\GUDXOLFSUHVVXUH
Piston
'XFWLOHFDVWLURQPRQREORFN
Common bed  W\SH
%XLOWLQVXPSWDQN

5
LCV Improvement

5. Raising Life Cycle Value (L.C.V.)

$ORQJZLWKSHUIRUPDQFH HQYLURQPHQWDO /LIH&\FOH9DOXH /&9 LVRQHRIWKHLPSRUWDQWHQJLQHFKDU


DFWHULVWLFV/&9UHSUHVHQWVUHOLDELOLW\ ORZHUOLIHFRVWV DQGHDV\PDLQWHQDQFHWKURXJKRXWWKHOLIHRI
WKHHQJLQH
7KLVHQJLQHRIIHUVJUHDWHUUHOLDELOLW\WKDQNVWRWKHFRPELQDWLRQRIH[WUHPHO\WKRURXJKFRQWURORIFRQ
WDPLQDWLRQLQWKHFRPEXVWLRQFKDPEHUDQGOXERLODQGORQJHUPDLQWHQDQFHLQWHUYDOV0DQKRXUVDUH
UHGXFHGEHFDXVHRIHQJLQHGLVDVVHPEO\DQGUHDVVHPEO\DQGDOVRRQERDUGRXWWWLQJZRUNVKDYHEHHQ
VLPSOLHG

Oil leakage from stem seal

Contamination of turbocharger

Gas blow-by from valve seat

Wear of piston rings and


cylinder liner

Wear of moving parts

Early clogging of lub. oil strainer

Contamination of combustion chamber

Contamination of lub. oil

6
LCV Improvement

The Low Sac Fuel Injection Valve

7KH YROXPH RI WKH VDF DW WKH WLS RI WKH IXHO
LQMHFWLRQ YDOYH LV PLQLPL]HG ,QMHFWLRQ LV VKDUSHU Sac volume

DQG SRVW LQMHFWLRQ GULSSLQJ LV UHVWUDLQHG ZKLFK


HOLPLQDWHV FRQWDPLQDWLRQ IURP XQEXUQHG IXHO
1LWULGLQJWUHDWPHQWRIWKHRXWVLGHRIWKHIXHOYDOYH
HQKDQFHV KHDW UHVLVWDQFH DQG GXUDELOLW\ DJDLQVW
FRUURVLRQIRUORQJHUVHUYLFHOLIH
,Q DGGLWLRQ YDOYH RSHQLQJ SUHVVXUH KDV EHHQ
LQFUHDVHG XS WR DSSUR[  ,W LPSURYHV
DWRPL]DWLRQ RI WKH LQMHFWHG IXHO DQG UHGXFHG
VPRNHGHQVLW\GXULQJORZORDGRSHUDWLRQ

The effect of low sac fuel valves

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Exhaust valve Exhaust valve
S1 E1 S1 E1
Intake valve Intake valve

S2 E2 S2 E2

The effect of valve opening pressure (Heavy fuel oil (H.F.O.) operation, engine load 10%)

&RQYHQWLRQDO9DOYH2SHQLQJ3UHVVXUH ,QFUHDVHG9DOYH2SHQLQJ3UHVVXUH
Smoke density

Smoke density

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Accumulated operating hours (h) Accumulated operating hours (h)

7
LCV Improvement

Cooling Water Variable Temperature Control Equipment


7KH KLJK WHPSHUDWXUH ZDWHU RQ WKH MDFNHW VLGH LV FRQYHQWLRQDOO\ FRQWUROOHG DW & UHJDUGOHVV RI
ORDG:LWKWKHHTXLSPHQWRIYDULDEOHWHPSHUDWXUHFRQWUROWKHWHPSHUDWXUHLVUHJXODWHGDW&GXULQJ
KLJKORDGRSHUDWLRQWRHOLPLQDWHFRQWDPLQDWLRQ7KHWHPSHUDWXUHLVUHJXODWHGDW&WRSUHYHQWORZ
WHPSHUDWXUHFRUURVLRQGXULQJORZORDGRSHUDWLRQ7KHVWUXFWXUHLVGHVLJQHGWRHTXLSWKHWHPSHUDWXUH
UHJXODWLQJYDOYHVZLWKGLIIHUHQWVHWXSWHPSHUDWXUH,WKDVDIXQFWLRQWRFRQWUROORZWHPSHUDWXUHDQG
KLJKWHPSHUDWXUHE\VZLWFKLQJWKHYDOYHGHSHQGLQJRQWKHORDGDQGFKDQJLQJWKHRZRIFRROLQJZDWHU
LQWKHFRQWUROXQLW
C.W. temp.()

85
Controlling rise of temperature
of parts
Prevention of low temp. corrosion Controlling combustion
face contamination
60

Low Load High


H Load

from Engine from Engine


Temperature
regulating valve
Temperature
regulating valve

Selector valve to Engine Selector valve to Engine

to Freshwater Cooler to Freshwater Cooler

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PLQUHVSHFWLYHO\

The effect of cooling water variable temperature control (during high load operation)

&:&RQWURO7HPS& &:&RQWURO7HPS&

Fuel injection Restraint of


Fuel injection nozzle nozzle contamination

8
LCV Improvement

Intake and Exhaust Valve Stem Seals


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YDOYHVHDWLVDFRROHGW\SHDQGWKHH[KDXVWYDOYHLVPDGHRIQLPRQLFDOOR\7RUHGXFHFRQWDPLQDWLRQ
VHDOVKDYHDEDFNSUHVVXUHOLSFRQJXUDWLRQRQWKHLQWDNHDQGH[KDXVWYDOYHVWRHQVXUHDSURSHUVXS
SO\RIOXERLOZLWKRXWEHLQJDIIHFWHGE\WKHERRVWSUHVVXUHRUPLVDOLJQPHQWRIWKHVWHP

Improved stem seal

Nimonic exhaust valve

Cylinder head

Cooled-type exhaust valve seat

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Single lip Double lip

Back pressure lip

9
LCV Improvement

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7KHWXUERFKDUJHULVKLJKO\HIFLHQWZLWKOLWWOHFRQWDPLQDWLRQLQWKHWXUELQHURWRUDQGQR]]OHHYHQZKHQ
XVLQJ+)2,WVFRQWDFWZLWKWKHEHDULQJLVDOVRVDWLVIDFWRU\ZLWKORQJPDLQWHQDQFHLQWHUYDO
Compressor Turbine nozzle
impeller Labyrinth seal
(with coating)

Semi-float type
Turbine rotor
bearing

Field test result (after 5,000 hour operation)

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2SHUDWLQJFRQGLWLRQ
1.0016
+)2ZLWKYLVFRVLW\
Inner dia. change

RIPPV F6W  1.0012


7KH WXUELQH LV QRW Conventional type turbocharger
1.0008
FOHDQHG
1.0004 Current turbocharger
5HVXOW (Field test result)
&RPSUHVVRUVLGH 7XUELQHVLGH
Starting
value 1
7KH FRQWDFW ZLWK 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 EHDULQJ EHDULQJ
WKHEHDULQJDQGWKH Operation hours
ZHDUUHVLVWDQFHDUH
VDWLVIDFWRU\ ZLWKRXW
LQWHUIHUHQFH IURP
WKHFDUERQGHSRVLWV
F D U E R Q  W R X F K 
D I W H U        K R X U
RSHUDWLRQ

7XUELQHURWRU 7XUELQHQR]]OH

10
LCV Improvement

Automatic Back-Washing Lubricating Oil Strainer


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FRQWUROOHGRYHUWKHORQJSHULRG7KHOWHUHOHPHQWKDVDQDFFXUDF\RIPGHSHQGLQJRQWKHWXUER
FKDUJHUDQGVWUDLQHULVLGHQWLFDOIRUERWKWKHHQJLQHDQGWKHWXUERFKDUJHU
7KHRLOWKDWKDVEHHQXVKHGRXWWKURXJKDXWRPDWLFEDFNZDVKLQJLVWKHQFOHDQHGE\WKHRYHURZ
V\VWHP

Filter element Back-washing nozzle

Back-washed
lub. oil outlet

Turbine

Lub. oil inlet


Lub. oil outlet

/XEULFDWLQJ2LO3XULFDWLRQ6\VWHP 2YHURZ6\VWHP

Back-washed
lub. oil Automatic
back-washing Lub. oil cooler
strainer
Lub. oil pump
Turbo No.1
charger
Engine

Back-washed
lub. oil Automatic
back-washing Lub. oil cooler Lub. oil
strainer
pump Purifier
Turbo No.2
charger
Engine

Pump Heater
Overflow
tank

11
LCV Improvement

Easy Maintenance
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LVDYDLODEOHIRUPDLQWHQDQFHEHFDXVHWKHOD\RXWRIHTXLSPHQWVKDVEHHQRSWLPL]HGVRWKHHQJLQHLV
DOVRGHVLJQHGIRUHDV\RYHUKDXO7KHDLUFRROHUDQGOXERLOV\VWHPSDUWVDUHFRQVWUXFWHGLQPRGXODU
XQLWVIRUFRPSDFWQHVVDQGDUHGXFHGQXPEHURISDUWVWRPDLQWDLQ

C.W. Variable temp.


control unit

Turbocharger

Air cooler

Automatic back-washing
lub. oil strainer

Lub. oil cooler

Modular construction of the turbocharger and air cooler

Turbocharger

Air cooler core

Air cooler core

Modular construction of the lub. oil system

Lub. oil cooler

Automatic back-washing
lub. oil strainer

12
LCV
TECHNOLOGY
Improvement
Environment

Piping and Wiring Joints


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SURYHVHDVHRILQVWDOODWLRQDQGVLPSOLHVSLSLQJOD\RXWRQERDUGWKHVKLS

Exhaust outlet Turbocharger

Breather
Cooling water
pumps

Fuel strainer

Lub. oil pump


Fuel feed pump

Outlet of cooling
water

Inlet/Outlet of
Inlet of cooling fuel oil
water

Inlet/Outlet of
lub. oil

Mixed freshwater cooling system

High temp.
cooling water pump

Air cooler

Cooling water
inlet

Lub. oil cooler Low temp.


cooling water pump Cooling water
outlet

13
TECHNOLOGY Environment

6.. H
6 Harmony
armony w
with
iitth tth
the
he E
Environment
nvironment

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18

16

14
IMO Tier
NOx regulated value (g/kWh)

12 IMO Tier (Year 2011)


10

4 IMO Tier (Year 2016, Emission Control Areas)


2

0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
-1
Engine speed (min )

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Sulfur control density of fuel oil (%)

5
4.5
4
Other Areas
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5 Emission Control Areas
1
0.5
0
2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 (Year)

14
TECHNOLOGY Environment

 $66,*1 &RPEXVWLRQ 6\VWHP

6WDJJHUHG/D\RXW0XOWL+ROH1R]]OH
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WLRQDUHDDQGLPSURYHVDLUXWLOL]DWLRQ

Conventional injection system Staggered layout injection system

Air Flow Motion


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EHUDVZHOODVDVTXLVKLQWKHFRPSUHVVLRQVWURNH7KLVSURPRWHVIXHODLUPL[LQJLPSURYLQJFRPEXV
WLRQHIFLHQF\

Intake swirl and squish

Squish
Swirl

15
TECHNOLOGY Environment

6.2 High Pressure Miller Cycle System

Miller Type Cam


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,92 ,QWDNH9DOYH2SHQ
Exhaust valve (9&([KDXVW9DOYH&ORVH
,9& ,QWDNH9DOYH&ORVH
Valve lift

Miller cycle
intake valve


IVC
EVO IVO EVC

BDC TDC BDC


Crank angle

Intake Exhaust Intake Exhaust Intake Exhaust Intake Exhaust

Intake air Compressed


Intake
In
ntake air
Intake air air
+
Expanded air

Intake valve is Intake air is Reduced compression


closed earlier expanded temp.

Temperature decrease Reduced air temp.


in the cylinder before combustion

Decreasing NOx

16
TECHNOLOGY Environment

High Pressure Ratio Turbocharger


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IXHOFRQVXPSWLRQ

400

Intake pressure (kPa)


300

200 Conventional

100

0
20 40 60 80 100
Engine load (%)

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12 IMO Tier
NOxHPLVVLRQ JN:K)

Application of
11 the high pressure
miller cycle system

10
IMO Tier

8
0.97 0.98 0.99 1 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05
Specific fuel consumption change rate

17
TECHNOLOGY Environment

6.3 Corresponding to Low Sulfur Fuels (Decrease SOx)

Protection Ring
$SURWHFWLRQULQJLVHTXLSSHGRQWKHXSSHUSDUWRIF\OLQGHUOLQHU
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OXERLODGGLWLYHV FDOFLXPFDUERQDWH LQWKHOXERLODGKHUHRQWKHKLJKWHPSHUDWXUHSDUWVDORQJZLWKFDU
ERQUHVLGXH7KHUHVLGXHDGKHUHGRQWKHRXWVLGHFLUFXPIHUHQFHRIWKHSLVWRQWRSSDUWWULPVWKHOLQHULQQHU
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Protection ring

Cylinder liner

Fuel Injection Pump Drive System


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Leaked fuel oil is discharged to outside

Cover

18
6EY18 Diesel Engine

7.. C
7 Comparison
ompa
parison o
off O
Outside
utside D
Dimension
imension a
and
nd
Maintenance
M aintte
enance Interval
Intte
errv
val

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1544 4853
1489 4680

6N21 6EY18
2752
2564
2410
2255

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6EY18 

1 

Maintenance interval and expected service life (H.F.O.)


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2nd edition: December 2011
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Head Office
Yanmar Co., Ltd.
YANMAR FLYING-Y BUILDING,
1-32 Chayamachi, Kita-ku,
530-8311 Osaka, Japan,
www.yanmar.com

Regional Office / Sales & Service


Yanmar Europe B.V.
Brugplein 11, 1332 BS Almere, The Netherlands
T +31 (0)36 549 3200
F +31 (0)36 549 3209
www.yanmar.eu

Dealer

www.yanmar.eu
EN-6EY18-1015