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BLOCKCHAIN REVOLUTION:

Understanding the 2nd Generation of The Internet


and the New Economy

Alex Tapscott
TWITTER: @alextapscott


JAVITZ CENTRE
NEW YORK, NEW YORK
LENDIT NY 2017

2016 Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott. All Rights Reserved.


TECHNOLOGIES OF THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION

Animating the Autonomous Distributed Energy Technology in Our


Machine Learning Virtual Reality
Physical World Vehicles Sources Bodies

2016 Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott. All Rights Reserved.


TECHNOLOGIES OF THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION

Animating the Autonomous Distributed Energy Technology in Our


Machine Learning Virtual Reality
Physical World Vehicles Sources Bodies

BLOCKCHAIN

2016 Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott. All Rights Reserved.


The Internet of Information

Web Photos
Sites

Word INFORMATION PDFs


Docs

PPT Voice
Slides

4
The Internet of Information The Internet of Value
Social
Reputation
Capital
Intellectual
Money property

Loyalty
Attestations Identity points

Contracts
ASSETS Deeds

Carbon
credits
Energy ASSETS
Coupons

Other
Financial
Bonds
Assets
Premiums

Music Art Votes Stocks

Other Futures Receivables

Swaps IOUs

Visual
Film
Art

5
The Middleman

6
BLOCKCHAIN: The Second Era of the Internet

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Just Another Block in the Chain

1 2 3 4 5

Block 53
Block50.dat
Block51.dat
Previous block:
Block52.dat
00000zzxvzx5

Timestamp
Proof of work:
00000090b41bx
04.19.2016.09.14.53
Transaction:
Block53.dat
94lxcv14

Community New blocks added Reference to Permanent


Distributed ledger
validation previous blocks time-stamp

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ETHEREUM: A NEW TRANSACTION PLATFORM FOR THE INTERNET

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ETHEREUM: A NEW TRANSACTION PLATFORM FOR THE INTERNET

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HYPERLEDGER: THE FASTEST-GROWING LINUX PROJECT EVER

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HYPERLEDGER: THE FASTEST-GROWING LINUX PROJECT EVER

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The 2nd Generation of the Internet for Business

13
Re-Architecting the Corporation

THE THEORY OF THE FIRM

Transaction costs:
1. Search
2. Coordinating
3. Contracting
4. Establishing Trust
Ronald Coase
(19102013)

14
The Economics of Collaboration
Self-
Organization Distributed Value
Creation

Business Webs
VALUE
CREATION

Extended
Enterprise

Industrial Age
Traditional Corporation
Hierarchy

Physical Financial CRITICAL RESOURCES Networked Intelligence

15
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models for the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators Intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the


6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better
Blockchain Internet of
Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

16
CREATING A TRUE SHARING ECONOMY

17
Suber
18
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. The Peer 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Producers Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the


6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better
Blockchain Internet of
Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

19
The Music Industry

20
The Music Industry Today: A Model of Inefficiency
2 Record Labels
1

3
ance Rig
hts Organizations 15 $1
Perform 14
Streaming 5
Services 11
10
9
13 Financial
Promoters
Intermediaries
4
Industry 12
Associations
8
Technolog Agents
6 y
Companie
s 7

5
01 -$0.1
Art
ist $0.00

21
22
The Golden Nine: New Tools to Fix a Broken Industry

1. Value Templates
$1 2. Inclusive Royalties
3. Transparent Ledgers
4. Micromonetizing & Micrometering
5. Rich Databases
6. Usage Data Analytics
7. Digital Rights Management
8. Auction/Dynamic
9. Pricing Reputation System $0.98-$1.00
Artist

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The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. The Peer 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Producers Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the


6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better
Blockchain Internet of
Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

24
ENDING THE REMITTANCE RIP-OFF

25
A REINTERMEDIATOR: PAYCASE, Targeting the $60 Billion/year remittance
market

26
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the


6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better
Blockchain Internet of
Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

27
Everledger: Tracing Ownership and Certifying Provenance of
Diamonds

28
The blockchain is the new supply chain

29
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the


6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better
Blockchain Internet of
Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

30
The Internet of Everything Needs a Ledger of Everything

31
Old: Industrial Age Power Generation

32
NEW: Distributed micro-grids powered by blockchain

33
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the 6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better


Blockchain Internet of Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

34
Rethinking Financial Services

35
The Golden Eight: Blockchain Transformations for the Financial Services
Industry

8. Account for & Audit Value

1. Authenticate &
Attest to Value
7. Insure Value &
Manage Risk

6. Fund & Invest 2. Transfer Value

3. Store Value
5. Exchange Value

4. Lend Value

36
Fund and Invest
OLD: Initial Public Offerings and Venture Capital

37
Fund and Invest
NEW: Initial Token Offerings

38
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the 6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better


Blockchain Internet of Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

39
DATA FRACKING

40
dataminr.com
41
The Virtual You

42
43
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PROSUMERS: Turning Customers into Producers

45
The Big Seven: Open Networked Business Models For the Enterprise

1. Blockchain 2. The Rights 3. The Re-


Cooperatives Creators intermediators

4. The 5. Animating the 6. The Platform 7. Bigger, Better


Blockchain Internet of Builders Data
Supply Chain Things

46
A CRISIS OF LEGITIMACY

47
1. TRANSFORMING CENTRAL BANKING

loudest advocates
After Britains referendum vote to leave the European Union, Brexits
into a caustic battle for
scurried from public view and the political establishment descended
for consistency, if
control. Emerging from the melee was Theresa May, who has a reputation
It needs bold,
little else. But Britain doesnt need a caretaker in these uncertain times.
innovative leadership.

of the Bank of
One person has quietly stepped up: Canadian Mark Carney, Governor
he can and should do
England. Mr. Carney acted quickly to stem the Brexit panic. Now,
more.

a depression, preserve
The list of challenges is daunting: prevent a recession from becoming
rship and make the
Londons pre-eminence as a financial capital, jump-start entrepreneu
ces, a central bank
British economy work for everyone, not just a few. In normal circumstan
would take on one or two of these. 48
BLOCKCHAIN AND CENTRAL BANKING

Cost and Efficiency


Inclusion and Performance
Transparency and Risk Reduction

49
2. MAKING E-VOTING A REALITY

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2. MAKING E-VOTING A REALITY

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Could Government Really Be an Early Adopter?

52
SHOWSTOPPERS: Why Blockchain Could Fail

1. The Technology is not ready for prime time


2. The Energy Consumed is Unsustainable
3. Government will Stifle or Twist It
4. Powerful Incumbents of the Old Paradigm will Usurp It
5. The Incentives are Inadequate for Distributed Mass Collaboration
6. Blockchain Is a Job Killer
7. Governing the Protocols is Like Herding Cats
8. Distributed Autonomous Agents Will Form Skynet
9. Big Brother is (Still) Watching You
10. Criminals Will Use it
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How can a Digital Business Leader get started?

1. Education

2. Launch a pilot - think big, but start small

3. Hire or transition key blockchain IT talent to get going

4. Start now!

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Second Half of the Chessboard

55
BLOCKCHAIN REVOLUTION:
Understanding the 2nd Generation of the Internet
and the New Economy

Alex Tapscott
TWITTER: @alextapscott

JAVITZ CENTRE
NEW YORK, NEW YORK
LENDIT NY 2017

56