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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router

V600R003C00

Routine Maintenance

Issue 02
Date 2011-09-10

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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Routine Maintenance About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
NOTE

l This document takes interface numbers and link types of the NE40E-X8 as an example. In working
situations, the actual interface numbers and link types may be different from those used in this
document.
l On NE80E/40E series excluding NE40E-X1 and NE40E-X2, line processing boards are called Line
Processing Units (LPUs) and switching fabric boards are called Switching Fabric Units (SFUs). On
the NE40E-X1 and NE40E-X2, there are no LPUs and SFUs, and NPUs implement the same functions
of LPUs and SFUs to exchange and forward packets.

This document describes routine maintenance for the HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E in terms of
routine maintenance items, maintenance guidelines, maintenance records, and dangerous
operations.

This document describes the procedure and method for routine maintenance for the HUAWEI
NetEngine80E/40E.

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document.

Product Name Version

HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E V600R003C00


Router

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:

l Network monitoring engineers


l On-site maintenance engineers
l System maintenance engineers

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Routine Maintenance About This Document

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not


avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
DANGER

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which


if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
WARNING

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not


avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss,
CAUTION
performance degradation, or unexpected results.
TIP Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save
time.

NOTE Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement


important points of the main text.

Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface.

Italic Command arguments are in italics.

[] Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.

{ x | y | ... } Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected.

[ x | y | ... ] Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

{ x | y | ... }* Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all
items can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]* Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

&<1-n> The parameter before the & sign can be repeated 1 to n times.

# A line starting with the # sign is comments.

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Change History
Changes between document issues are cumulative. The latest document issue contains all the
changes made in earlier issues.

Changes in Issue 02 (2011-09-10)


The second commercial release. There is no update compared with the previous issue.

Changes in Issue 01 (2011-05-30)


Initial field trial release.

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Routine Maintenance Contents

Contents

About This Document.....................................................................................................................ii


1 Overview of Routine Maintenance............................................................................................1
1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance.....................................................................................................................2
1.2 Maintenance Rules.............................................................................................................................................2
1.3 Classifications of Routine Maintenance.............................................................................................................3
1.3.1 Daily Routine Maintenance.......................................................................................................................3
1.3.2 Periodic Routine Maintenance...................................................................................................................4

2 Routine Maintenance Items........................................................................................................5


2.1 Introduction to Routine Maintenance Items.......................................................................................................6
2.2 Maintenance Items and Operations....................................................................................................................7
2.3 Dustproof Maintenance of the Device..............................................................................................................22
2.3.1 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X16.........................................................................................23
2.3.2 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X8...........................................................................................26
2.3.3 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X3...........................................................................................28
2.3.4 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE80E.................................................................................................30
2.3.5 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-8.............................................................................................33
2.3.6 Removing Dust from Fan Modules.........................................................................................................35
2.3.7 Removing Dust from Boards...................................................................................................................36
2.3.8 Removing Dust from Optical Interfaces and Connectors........................................................................37
2.4 Backup and Restoration....................................................................................................................................38
2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration File.........................................................................................................38
2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files............................................................................................................40
2.5 Grounding System Maintenance......................................................................................................................41
2.5.1 Checking the Grounding System.............................................................................................................41
2.5.2 Measuring the Grounding Resistance......................................................................................................41

3 Operations Involving Risks......................................................................................................43


3.1 Hardware Operations Involving Risks.............................................................................................................44
3.2 Command Executions Involving Risks............................................................................................................45

4 Commonly Used Commands for Maintenance.....................................................................47


5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations......................................................................50
A Glossary........................................................................................................................................66

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations...................................................................................................68

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Routine Maintenance 1 Overview of Routine Maintenance

1 Overview of Routine Maintenance

About This Chapter

This chapter describes maintenance stipulations, classifications of routine maintenance, and


maintenance record forms.
Routine maintenance is carried out regularly during the normal running of the device. It is done
to detect and remove the defects or hidden problems on time. It is essential for the long-term
secure and stable running of the device.

NOTE
This manual only elaborates how to maintain the device through command lines. When maintaining the
device through Huawei network management system (NMS), refer to the relevant manual.

1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance


This section describes the purpose of routine maintenance.
1.2 Maintenance Rules
The rules that must be observed during maintenance.
1.3 Classifications of Routine Maintenance
The daily routine maintenance and periodic routine maintenance.

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Routine Maintenance 1 Overview of Routine Maintenance

1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance


This section describes the purpose of routine maintenance.

Routine Maintenance is a preventive maintenance measure conducted during the normal


operation of the device. Routine Maintenance helps to discover the defects or possible troubles
of the device and remove them, on time. Routine maintenance guarantees long-term, stable, and
reliable operation of the device.

NOTE

This manual describes the procedure for maintaining the device through the command line interface (CLI).
To maintain the device through the Huawei network management system (NMS), refer to the relevant
manual.

1.2 Maintenance Rules


The rules that must be observed during maintenance.

Routine maintenance aims at discovering hidden defects or troubles on a device in time to ensure
system stability. When a fault occurs, initiate the troubleshooting flow according to the
"HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router Troubleshooting". This document does not mention the
procedures for troubleshooting.

To improve the performance of the device, ensure the secure and stable running of the device,
and lower the maintenance cost, abide by the following basic rules during maintenance:

Environment of the Equipment Room


l Conform to relevant national or industrial standards
l Keep the room clean, tidy, dustproof, and moistureproof
l Prevent the growth of animalcules such as fungi and mildew
l Prevent rodents and insects from entering the room

Operating Specifications
l Password management (for the system administrator)
Keep management-level passwords safely and modify them regularly, and assign different
passwords to people with specific operation rights to ensure system security
l Key operations
Maintain records about all key operations such as board switching, system resetting and
software loading, and analyze the feasibility and take backup, emergency and secure
measures before such key operations
l Data modification
Carry out authorization and control on data modification, back up the data before
modification, and make records about modification
l Anti-static specifications
Wear anti-static wrist strap when operating the device and store the damaged boards in the
anti-static bag instead of the cabinet to avoid causing other faults

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Maintenance Specifications
l Routine maintenance
Give importance to preventive maintenance, especially to routine maintenance, and
establish scientific and strict regulations to ensure efficient device maintenance
l Qualifications for the maintenance personnel
Before undertaking maintenance, get trained on basic maintenance theory and procedures,
emergency handling procedures, operating specifications and security rules
l Periodic check
Carry out a check periodically and maintain records mentioned in this manual
l Detailed records about the problem
Maintain detailed records of the initial information on the problem and contact Huawei
Customer Service Center or the local Huawei office on time
l No installation of non-standard software
Neither install nor run non-standard software that includes firewall, anti-virus software,
game, and pirated software on the terminals; otherwise, serious faults in the device may be
caused
l No use of non-standard software to operate the database
Except the delivery-attached software, do not use other software to access or modify the
database; otherwise, serious faults may be caused

Supplements
l Parts inventory
Keep enough spare parts on hand in case of failure, and have failed boards fixed as soon
as possible (for the operators)
l Emergency solutions
In case of emergency, keep composed instead of panic, perform the troubleshooting
procedures according to the "HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router Emergency
Maintenance" and contact Huawei Customer Service Center or the local Huawei office on
time if the fault cannot be removed

1.3 Classifications of Routine Maintenance


The daily routine maintenance and periodic routine maintenance.
Based on the maintenance period, routine maintenance is classified into:
l Daily routine maintenance
l Periodic routine maintenance

1.3.1 Daily Routine Maintenance


Daily routine maintenance, which is carried out every day by the general maintenance personnel,
includes:
l Checking the environment of the equipment room
l Checking the power supply system

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Routine Maintenance 1 Overview of Routine Maintenance

l Checking the alarm system


l Checking the operation of the device
Daily routine maintenance is used to:
l Find out alarms or other problems on time and deal with them to maintain the operation of
the device and lower the failure rate.
l Find out abnormalities of the links on time and deal with them to ensure the normal services.
l Have a real-time knowledge about the operation of the device and the network to improve
the efficiency of troubleshooting.

1.3.2 Periodic Routine Maintenance


Periodic routine maintenance, which is more complicated and mainly carried out by the
maintenance personnel who have received professional trainings, includes:
l Checking the cables
l Measuring the grounding resistance
l Removing the dust from the device
Periodic maintenance is used to:
l Ensure the secure and stable running of the device for a long period of time.
l Check for problems such as device aging, function failures, and performance degrade. This
is done by regularly checking, testing, cleaning the devices and backing up the data.
Thus, you can take proper measures to avoid faults.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

2 Routine Maintenance Items

About This Chapter

This chapter describes maintenance items, operation guide and expected results during each
maintenance period.
2.1 Introduction to Routine Maintenance Items
The items for the routine maintenance according to the maintenance periods.
2.2 Maintenance Items and Operations
This chapter lists the routine maintenance items.
2.3 Dustproof Maintenance of the Device
How to remove dusts from the device.
2.4 Backup and Restoration
How to back up and restore data.
2.5 Grounding System Maintenance
How to maintain the grounding system.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

2.1 Introduction to Routine Maintenance Items


The items for the routine maintenance according to the maintenance periods.

NOTE

l No installation tools, meters, and related instruments are delivered with the NE80E/40E.
l Meters must be calibrated before use.

The stable running of the NE80E/40E depends on the comprehensive network plan. But at the
same time, routine maintenance and monitoring are essential.

Routine maintenance items guide you to carry out routine, weekly, monthly, and yearly
maintenance on the NE80E/40E.

The items include:

l Environment of the equipment room


l Environment inside the cabinet
l Running status of the board
l Status of the port
l Routing protocol

You can carry out maintenance and management according to the maintenance items during the
running of the device. Meanwhile, you can supplement or skip some maintenance items as
required.

Table 2-1 shows all the items involved in this manual.

Table 2-1 Routine maintenance items

Maintenance Maintenance item


period

Daily Environment of the equipment room

Alarm and log

Device temperature and voltage

Fan module and power module status

CPU usage and memory usage

Monthly System clock

Traffic on an interface

Board running status

OSPF/ISIS/BGP neighbor relationship status

Routing information

Administrative user control

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Maintenance item


period

Telnet login control

Anti-attack detection

FTP password control

Password change

Backup and restoration

Yearly Label check

Air filter cleaning


NOTE
The NE80E/40E-X1 and NE80E/40E-X2 series do not have any air filter, and
therefore air filter cleaning is not required.

2.2 Maintenance Items and Operations


This chapter lists the routine maintenance items.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Table 2-2 Maintenance Items and Operations


Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec
item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

En Temperat Daily Observe the l The long-term working


vir ure thermometer and temperature of the equipment
on record it room should range from 0C
me (32F) to 45C (113F) while
nt the short-term one should range
of from -5C (23F) to 55C
the (131F).
Eq For the X1 and X2 models of
uip the NE80E/40E, the long-term
me working temperature of the
nt equipment room should range
Ro from -5C (23F) to 50C
om (122F) while the short-term
one should range from -20C
(-4F) to 60C (140F).
l If the temperature is not within
the normal range for a long
time, overhaul or replace the air
conditioning system.
l The cooling function and the
switches of air conditioners are
in good condition.

Humidity Daily Observe the l The relative humidity for the


hygrometer and longterm working environment
record it should range from 5% to 85%
while that of the short-term one
should range from 5% to 95%.
l If the relative humidity is too
high, install dehumidifying
devices. If the relative
humidity of the equipment
room is too low, install
humidifying devices.

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Ba Alarm Daily display l There is no alarm normally.


sic trapbuffer l If any alarm is displayed,
Co record it. For the alarm whose
nfi severity level is higher than
gur critical, analyze and resolve it
ati at once.
ons
of The bolded information as shown
the in the following output is severity
De level:
<HUAWEI> display trapbuffer
vic Trapping Buffer Configuration
e and contents:enabled
allowed max buffer size :
1024

actual buffer size : 256


channel number : 3 , channel
name : trapbuffer
dropped messages : 0
overwritten messages : 131
current messages : 1
#Nov 16 2009 15:33:06 PE-1
SRM_BASE/1/ENTITYRESUME: OID
1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25
.129.2.1.10 Physical entity
is detected resumed from
failure. (EntityPhysicalInd
ex=16908289,
BaseTrapSeverity=2,
BaseTrapProbableCause=67719,
BaseTrapEventType=
5, EntPhysicalContaine-
dIn=16908288,
EntPhysicalName="LPU 2",
RelativeResource="S
FP", ReasonDescription="LPU 2
is failed, EAGF SFP 0 of PIC0
is abnormal, Resume")

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Log Daily Run the display l Repeated information should


logbuffer not be displayed in the log.
command. l If it occurs, analyze and resolve
it on time.
The bolded information as shown
in the following output is repeated
information.
<HUAWEI> display logbuffer
Logging buffer configuration
and contents:enabled
Allowed max buffer size :
1024
Actual buffer size : 512
Channel number : 4 , Channel
name : logbuffer
Dropped messages : 0
Overwritten messages : 3
Current messages : 3

Nov 13 2009 18:12:18 HUAWEI %%


01SRM/3/LPURESET(l):LPU3
reset, the reason is LPU
board LOAMNET init failed
and reset lpu.
Nov 13 2009 18:10:22 HUAWEI %%
01SRM/3/LPURESET(l):LPU3
reset, the reason is LPU
board LOAMNET init failed
and reset lpu.
Nov 13 2009 18:08:26 HUAWEI %%
01SRM/3/LPURESET(l):LPU3
reset, the reason is LPU
board LOAMNET init failed
and reset lpu.

Configura Mont Run the display l The current configurations


tion files hly current- should be the same as those
configuration saved.
and the display l The configurations should
saved- meet the requirements.
configuration
commands

CF card Mont Run the dir All the files in the CF card memory
hly command should be useful; otherwise, delete
them using the delete /
unreserved command.

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Op Temperat Daily Run the display The temperatures of the boards


era ure temperature should be in the given range.
tio command to Temp(C): indicates the current
n display the temperature, In normal situations,
of temperatures of Temp(C) should be less than
the the boards and Minor.
De record them <HUAWEI> display temperature
vic SlotID9 :
Base-Board, Unit:C, Slot9
e PCB I2C Addr Chl Status
Minor Major Fatal Adj_speed
Temp

TMin Tmax
(C)
-----------------------------
-----------------------------
-------
SRUA 1 1 0 NORMAL
66 78 90 56 67
40
SRUA 1 2 0 NORMAL
57 69 80 46 57
32
SRUA 1 3 0 NORMAL
55 67 78 44 55
31
SRUA 1 4 0 NORMAL
64 72 80 46 57 33

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Voltage Daily Run the display The voltages of the boards should
voltage command be in the given range.
to display the Vol: indicates the current voltage.
voltages of the LowAlmThreshold Major:
boards and record indicates the minor alarm of low
them voltage. HighAlmThreshold
Major: indicates the minor alarm
of high voltage. In normal
situations, Vol should be less than
HighAlmThreshold Major and
greater than LowAlmThreshold
Major.
<HUAWEI> display voltage
SlotID6 :
SlotID: 6

Base-Board, Unit: Volt,


Slot6
PCB I2C Addr Chl Status
Required LowAlmThreshold
HighAlmThreshold Vol Ratio

Major Fatal Major


Fatal
-----------------------------
-----------------------------
---------------------
FADB 1 0 0 NORMAL
1.50 1.20 1.05 1.80
1.95 1.49 1.00
FADB 1 0 1 NORMAL
1.80 1.44 1.26 2.16
2.34 1.84 1.00
FADB 1 0 2 NORMAL
2.50 2.00 1.75 3.00
3.25 2.79 0.68
FADB 1 0 6 NORMAL
5.00 4.05 3.55 6.07
6.57 4.97 0.38

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Status of Daily Run the display l The value of the Present


the fan fan command should be Yes.
module l The value of the Status field
should be AUTO.
If the bolded information as shown
in the following output is
displayed, it means that the fan is
normal.
<HUAWEI> display fan
Slotid : 19
Present : YES
Registered: YES
Status : AUTO
FanSpeed : [No.]Speed
[1]100% [2]100%
Slotid : 20
Present : YES
Registered: YES
Status : AUTO
FanSpeed : [No.]Speed
[1]100% [2]100%

Status of Daily Run the display l The value of the Present


the power power command should be Yes.
supply l The value of the State field
module should be Normal.
If the bolded information as shown
in the following output is
displayed, it means that the power
supply module is normal.
<HUAWEI> display power
No Present mode
State

Num
-----------------------------
-----------------------------
---------------------
17 Yes DC
Normal

1
18 Yes DC
Normal

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System Mont Run the display l The system date and time are
clock hly clock command displayed. The time should be
identical with the local time
(the deviation is within 5m).
l If the time is not correct,
modify the system time or NTP
through the clock command.
The bolded information as shown
in the following output should be
focused.
<HUAWEI> display clock
2010-11-16 17:59:27
Monday
Time Zone(DefaultZoneName) :
UTC

CPU Daily Run the display l The CPU usage rate should be
usage cpu-usage less than 80%.
command l If the rate is too high for a long
period of time, check the
device and locate the cause.
The bolded information as shown
in the following output is the
current CPU usage, it should be
less than 80%.
<HUAWEI> display cpu-usage
CPU Usage Stat. Cycle: 60
(Second)
CPU Usage : 8% Max:
92%
CPU Usage Stat. Time :
2009-11-16 18:31:48
CPU utilization for five
seconds: 8%: one minute: 8%:
five minutes: 8%.

TaskName CPU Runtime


(CPU Tick High/Tick Low)
Task Explanation
BOX 0%
0/ 2ad2ab BOX Output
_TIL 0%
0/ 0 Infinite loop
event task
_EXC 0%
0/ 0 Exception
Agent Task
VIDL 92%
0/6d8d704b DOPRA IDLE
TICK 0%
0/ 8a559c
---- More ----

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Memory Daily Run the display l The memory usage rate should
usage memory-usage be less than 80%.
command l If the rate is too high for a long
period of time, examine the
device and locate the cause.
The bolded information as shown
in the following output is the
current memory usage, it should be
less than 80%.
<HUAWEI> display memory-usage
Memory utilization
statistics at 2010-11-16
18:36:45 150 ms
System Total Memory Is:
1073741824 bytes
Total Memory Used Is:
506644196 bytes
Memory Using Percentage Is:
47%

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Traffic on Mont Run the display l Compare the current traffic


an hly interface brief with the interface bandwidth. If
interface command the usage rate is more than
80%, record and confirm it.
l Check whether incorrect
statistics are collected on the
inbound and the outbound
interfaces. Focus on the
incorrect statistics.
InUti: indicates the average
bandwidth utilization in the
receiving direction in the last 300
seconds, it should be less than
80%. OutUti: indicates the
average bandwidth utilization in
the sending direction in the last 300
seconds. it should be less than
80%. inErrors: indicates the
number of error packets received
by an interface, it should be 0 in
normal situations. outErrors:
indicates the number of error
packets sent by an interface, it
should be 0 in normal situations.
<HUAWEI> display interface
brief
PHY: Physical
*down: administratively down
^down: standby
(l): loopback
(s): spoofing
(b): BFD down
(e): EFM down
(d): Dampening Suppressed
InUti/OutUti: input utility/
output utility
Interface
PHY Protocol InUti OutUti
inErrors outErrors
Aux0/0/1
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
up up 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/0
up up 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/0.100
up down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/1
down down 0%

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od
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/2
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/3
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/4
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/5
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/6
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/7
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/8
down down 0%
0% 0 0
GigabitEthernet2/0/9
*down down 0%
0% 0 0
LoopBack0
up up(s) 0%
0% 0 0
NULL0
up up(s) 0%
0% 0 0
---- More ----

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec


item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

Running Mont Run the display The fields of Online, Register and
status of a hly device command Status displayed should be
board Present, Registered and Normal
respectively.
If the bolded information as shown
in the following output is
displayed, it means that the device
is normal.
<HUAWEI> display device
NE40E's Device status:
Slot # Type Online
Register Status
Primary
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - -
1 LPU Present
Registered Normal NA
2 LPU Present
Registered Normal NA
3 LPU Present
Registered Normal NA
6 LPU Present
Registered Normal NA
9 MPU Present
NA Normal
Master
10 MPU Present
Registered Normal
Slave
11 SFU Present
Registered Normal NA
12 SFU Present
Registered Normal NA
13 SFU Present
Registered Normal NA
14 SFU Present
Registered Normal NA
15 CLK Present
Registered Normal
Master
16 CLK Present
Registered Normal
Slave
17 PWR Present
NA Normal NA
18 PWR Present
NA Normal NA
19 FAN Present
Registered Normal NA
20 FAN Present
Registered Normal NA
21 LCD Present
Registered Normal NA

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec


item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

De Status of Mont Run the display The status of neighbor relationship


plo OSPF hly ospf peer should be 2-Way or Full.
ym neighbor command The neighbor relationship is stable
ent relationshi and not reestablished repeatedly.
of p
the If the bolded information as shown
Ser in the following output is
vic displayed, it means that the status
es of OSPF neighbor relationship is
normal.
<HUAWEI> display ospf peer
OSPF Process 1 with
Router ID 10.1.1.2
Neighbors
Area 0.0.0.0 interface
10.1.1.2
(GigabitEthernet1/0/0)'s
neighbors
Router ID: 10.1.1.1
Address: 10.1.1.1 GR
State: Normal
State: Full Mode:Nbr is
Slave Priority: 1
DR: 10.1.1.1 BDR: None
MTU: 0
Dead timer due in 35
sec
Retrans timer interval: 5
Neighbor is up for
72:00:05
Authentication Sequence:
[ 0 ]

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec


item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

Status of Mont Run the display The status of neighbor relationship


IS-IS hly isis peer should be Up.
neighbor command If the bolded information as shown
relationshi in the following output is
p displayed, it means that the status
of IS-IS neighbor relationship is
normal.
<HUAWEI> display isis peer
Peer
information for ISIS
(1)
----------------------------
System Id
Interface Circuit
Id State HoldTime
Type PRI
0000.0000.0001
GE1/0/0
0000.0000.0001.01 Up
9s L2 100
0000.0000.0002
GE1/0/0
0000.0000.0001.01 Up
28s L2 64

Status of Mont Run the display The status of BGP peer


BGP peer hly bgp peer relationship should be Established.
relationshi command If the bolded information as shown
p in the following output is
displayed, it means that the status
of BGP peer relationship is
normal.
<HUAWEI> display bgp peer
BGP local router ID :
2.2.2.2
Local AS number : 65009
Total number of peers :
3 Peers in
established state : 3
Peer V AS
MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/
Down State PrefRcv
9.1.1.2 4 65009
49 62 0 00:44:58
Established 0
9.1.3.2 4 65009
56 56 0 00:40:54
Established 0
200.1.1.2 4 65008
49 65 0 00:44:03
Established 1

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec


item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

Routing Mont Run the display l There should be a default route


informatio hly ip routing-table in the routing table.
n command. l The routing information on a
Compare the device has little change. For the
routing devices running the same
information routing protocol in a network,
currently the routing entries on all the
displayed with devices should be almost the
that recorded for same. Because static routing is
the last time to configured differently, the
check whether routing entries may differ.
obvious changes
exist between
them.
Run the ping or
tracert command
for the routing
entries sampled

Us Administr Mont Run the display Use the super password


er ative user hly current- command to set the super
and control configuration | password. The super password
Sec include super should be in the encrypted text
urit password level mode and its length should not be
y 3command less than six characters.
Ma
nag
em
ent

Telnet Mont Run the display l Telnet password cannot be the


logon hly current- same as the super password.
control configuration| l It must use the encrypted text
include super mode.
password level 3
command

FTP Mont Run the display l FTP password cannot be the


password hly current- same as the super password.
control configuration | l It must use the encrypted text
include include mode.
password
command

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Maintenance Mai Guidance Specification Chec


item nten k
ance result
peri s
od

Password Mont Run the user l The password should be in


change hly username cipher text and its length should
password cipher be more than six characters.
command in the l The password should be
local-aaa-server changed on a quarterly basis.
view.
For the local user
adopting
password
authentication,
run the set
authentication
password
command.

Backup Mont see to2.4 Backup -


and hly and Restoration
Restoratio
n

Du Maintaini Yearl see to2.3 -


stp ng the Air y Dustproof
roo Filter, Maintenance of
f Removing the Device
Ma Dust from
int Fan
ena Modules,
nce Boards,
of Optical
the Interfaces
De and
vic Connector
e s

2.3 Dustproof Maintenance of the Device


How to remove dusts from the device.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

WARNING
l Use antistatic measures in the whole process. For example, you have to operate at an antistatic
table and wear antistatic clothes and wrist straps.
l To ensure heat dissipation and ventilation for the system, and to prevent the dust on the air
filter from accumulating, you need to clean the air filter regularly. It is recommended that an
air filter be cleaned once at least every three months. When an air filter is placed in the dusty
environment such as an equipment room, the air filter should be cleaned more frequently.

NOTE

The NE40E-X1 and NE40E-X2 series do not have any air filter, and therefore air filter cleaning is not required.

2.3.1 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X16

Context
To ensure good heat dissipation and ventilation for the system and to prevent the accumulation
of dust on an air filter, you need to clean the air filter regularly. You are recommended to clean
an air filter at least once every three months. If an air filter is placed in a dusty environment, it
should be cleaned more frequently.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the location of the air filter to be replaced.
Before removing the old air filter, check its location, for example, the cabinet and chassis where
the air filter resides. Then, find the air filter to be replaced in the chassis and attach a label to
the panel to identify the air filter and avoid misoperation.
Step 2 Wear the ESD-preventive wrist strap and connect the grounding terminal to the ESD jack on the
chassis. Or wear the ESD-preventive gloves.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Figure 2-1 Diagram of ESD jack on the chassis

Step 3 Remove the air filter from the air intake frame.
1. Both the upper part and the lower part of the device are installed with an air intake frame.
As shown in Figure 2-2, hold the slots in both sides of the air intake frame, press hard
inwards, and pull the air intake frame horizontally, and the air intake frame is removed.
Then, remove the air filter from the air intake frame.

Figure 2-2 Diagram of removing the air filter from the air intake frame on the NE40E-X16

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Step 4 Remove the air filter from the SFU area.


1. The air filter is located on the left in the middle of the device. When removing the air filter,
hold the upper handle of the air filter with one hand and pull the air filter out horizontally,
as shown in Figure 2-3.

Figure 2-3 Diagram of removing the air filter from the SFU area on the NE40E-X16

Step 5 Clean air filters.


1. Dust off air filters.
2. Use a cleaner to draw the dust.
Step 6 Install an air filter on the air intake frame.
1. Place the clean and dry air filter onto the panel of the air intake frame.Place fingers in the
holes on both sides of the panel to install the panel back to the original place, as shown in
Figure 2-4.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Figure 2-4 Diagram of installing the air filter on the air intake frame of the NE40E-X16

Step 7 Install an air filter in the SFU area.


1. Support the bottom of the air filter with one hand and hold the handle on the air filter with
the other hand. Then, insert the clean and dry air filter in the chassis horizontally, as shown
in Figure 2-5.

Figure 2-5 Diagram of installing the air filter in the SFU area on the NE40E-X16

----End

2.3.2 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X8

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Context
To ensure good heat dissipation and ventilation for the system and to prevent the accumulation
of dust on an air filter, you need to clean the air filter regularly. You are recommended to clean
an air filter at least once every three months. If an air filter is placed in a dusty environment, it
should be cleaned more frequently.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the location of the air filter to be replaced.
Before removing the old air filter, check its location, for example, the cabinet and chassis where
the air filter resides. Then, find the air filter to be replaced in the chassis and attach a label to
the panel to identify the air filter and avoid misoperation.
Step 2 Wear the ESD-preventive wrist strap and connect the grounding terminal to the ESD jack on the
chassis. Or wear the ESD-preventive gloves.

Figure 2-6 Diagram of ESD jack on the chassis

Step 3 Remove the air filter from the air intake frame.
1. Place fingers in the holes on both sides of the panel to press hard inwards, pull it out of the
air intake frame horizontally. In this manner, the panel is removed, as shown in Figure 2-7

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Figure 2-7 Diagram of removing the air filter from the air intake frame on the NE40E-X8

Step 4 Clean air filters.


1. Dust off air filters.
2. Use a cleaner to draw the dust.

Step 5 Install an air filter on the air intake frame.


1. Place a clean and dry air filter onto the air intake frame and press the air filter, as shown in
Figure 2-8.

Figure 2-8 Diagram of installing the air filter onto the air intake frame of the NE40E-X8

----End

2.3.3 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-X3

Context
To ensure good heat dissipation and ventilation for the system and to prevent the accumulation
of dust on an air filter, you need to clean the air filter regularly. You are recommended to clean
an air filter at least once every three months. If an air filter is placed in a dusty environment, it
should be cleaned more frequently.

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NOTE

The air filter on the NE40E-X3 is bendable, which is convenient for the maintenance from the rear of chassis.

Procedure
Step 1 Remove an air filter from the air intake frame.
1. The air filter is located at the rear of the device. Loosen the captive screws on the panel, as
shown in 1 of Figure 2-9.
2. Hold the panel of the air filter and slowly pull out the air filter until it leaves the chassis,
as shown in 2 of Figure 2-9.

Figure 2-9 Schematic diagram of removing an air filter from the air intake frame of the
NE40E-X3

Step 2 Clean air filters.


1. Dust off air filters.
2. Use a cleaner to draw the dust.

Step 3 Install a cleaned air filter to the air intake frame.


1. Horizontally insert the air filter into the chassis, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-10.
2. Tighten the captive screws on the panel of the air filter, as shown in 2 of Figure 2-10.

Figure 2-10 Installing an air filter to the air intake frame of the NE40E-X3

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

----End

2.3.4 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE80E

Context
An air filter filters out the dust in the air drawn into the chassis for heat dissipation. On the
NE80E, air filters are installed to the air intake frame and the panel of the power module.
To ensure good heat dissipation and ventilation for the system and to prevent the accumulation
of dust on an air filter, you need to clean the air filter regularly. You are recommended to clean
an air filter at least once every three months. If an air filter is placed in a dusty environment, it
should be cleaned more frequently.

Procedure
Step 1 Remove an air filter from the air intake frame.
1. Pull out the panel of the air intake frame horizontally with fingers in the holes on both sides
of the panel. In this manner, the panel is removed, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-11.
2. Loosen the captive screws on both sides of the panel of the air filter, as shown in 2 of
Figure 2-11.
3. Hold the captive screws and pull out the air filter, as shown in 3 of Figure 2-11.

Figure 2-11 Schematic diagram of removing an air filter from the air intake frame of the
NE80E

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Step 2 Remove an air filter from the panel of the power module.
1. Pull out the panel of the power module horizontally with fingers in the holes on both sides
of the panel. In this manner, the panel is removed, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-12.
2. Remove the air filter from the panel of the power module, as shown in 2 of Figure 2-12.

Figure 2-12 Schematic diagram of removing the panel of the power module of the NE80E

Step 3 Clean air filters.


The NE80E adopts sponge air filters, for which dry cleansing is suitable.
1. Dust off air filters.
2. Use a cleaner to draw the dust.
Step 4 Install a cleaned air filter to the air intake frame.
1. Insert a clean and dry air filter into the chassis, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-13.
2. Use a crosshead screwdriver to tighten the captive screws on both sides of the air filter, as
shown in 2 of Figure 2-13.
3. Install the panel of the air intake frame to its original position, as shown in 3 of Figure
2-13.

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Figure 2-13 Schematic diagram of installing an air filter to the air intake frame of the
NE80E

Step 5 Install a cleaned air filter to the panel of the power module.
1. Place the air filter onto the back of the panel of the power module.
2. Install the panel of the power module into its original position in the chassis, as shown in
Figure 2-14.

Figure 2-14 Schematic diagram of installing the panel of the power module of the NE80E

----End

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

2.3.5 Maintaining the Air Filter of the NE40E-8

Context
An air filter filters out the dust in the air drawn into the chassis for heat dissipation. On the
NE40E-8, air filters are installed to the air intake frame and the panel of the power module.
To ensure good heat dissipation and ventilation for the system and to prevent the accumulation
of dust on an air filter, you need to clean the air filter regularly. You are recommended to clean
an air filter at least once every three months. If an air filter is placed in a dusty environment, it
should be cleaned more frequently.

Procedure
Step 1 Remove an air filter from the air intake frame.
1. Pull out the panel of the air intake frame horizontally with fingers in the holes on both sides
of the panel. In this manner, the panel is removed, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-15.
2. Remove the air filter from the panel of the air intake frame, as shown in 2 of Figure
2-15.

Figure 2-15 Schematic diagram of removing an air filter from the air intake frame of the
NE40E-8

Step 2 Remove an air filter from the panel of the power module.
1. Pull out the panel of the power module horizontally with fingers in the holes on both sides
of the panel. In this manner, the panel is removed, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-16.
2. Remove the air filter from the panel of the power module, as shown in 2 of Figure 2-16.

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Figure 2-16 Schematic diagram of removing the panel of the power module of the
NE40E-8

Step 3 Clean air filters.

The NE40E-8 adopts sponge air filters, for which dry cleansing is suitable.

1. Dust off air filters.


2. Use a cleaner to draw the dust.

Step 4 Install a cleaned air filter to the air intake frame.


1. Place the clean air filter to the position where the air intake frame is to be installed and
press the air filter, as shown in 1 of Figure 2-17.
2. Install the panel of the air intake frame into its original position in the chassis, as shown in
2 of Figure 2-17.

Figure 2-17 Schematic diagram of installing an air filter to the air intake frame of the
NE40E-8

Step 5 Install a cleaned air filter to the panel of the power module.
1. Place the air filter onto the back of the panel of the power module.
2. Install the panel of the power module into its original position in the chassis, as shown in
Figure 2-18.

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Figure 2-18 Schematic diagram of installing the panel of the power module of the
NE40E-8

----End

2.3.6 Removing Dust from Fan Modules

Context
The fan modules are part of a device. The fan modules help in heat dissipation and ventilation
of the entire system.
During the running of a device, the fans and the Fan Control Board (FCB) of the fan modules
absorb dust. When a lot of dust is accumulated, the stable running of the fan modules is affected
and the dust becomes the pollution source of the chassis, which poses a latent hazard to stable
system running.
To ensure the long-term stability of a device, it is recommended to remove dust from each fan
module once a year as follows:

Procedure
Step 1 Remove dust from a spare fan module.
Remove dust from the fans and the FCB of a spare fan module with the clean gauze, antistatic
soft brush, or the vacuum cleaner.
Step 2 Replace the fan module to be cleaned with the spare one.
For detailed operations, refer to the"HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router Parts Replacement".

CAUTION
Maintainers must spend no more than five minutes to replace a fan frame. Otherwise, the security
and stability of the device is severely affected.

Step 3 Remove dust from the replaced fan module.

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Remove dust from the fans and the FCB of the replaced fan module with the clean gauze,
antistatic soft brush, or the vacuum cleaner. The fan module cleaned is used as a spare one.

----End

2.3.7 Removing Dust from Boards

Context

DANGER
l Use antistatic measures in the whole process. For example, you have to operate at an antistatic
table and wear antistatic clothes and wrist straps.
l Choose the qualified detergent; otherwise, the board will be damaged.

CAUTION
Removing boards may significantly affect the running of services. Therefore, you should remove
dust from boards during a period when the service traffic is light, for example, between 2:00
and 4:00 a.m.

During the running of a device, dust accumulates on the boards due to cross ventilation in the
process of heat dissipation. The lower the air cleanliness and relative humidity are, the higher
the accumulation of dust is. The worse the air cleanness is and the lower the relative humidity
is, the more dust is absorbed. When a certain amount of dust is accumulated, it affects the heat
dissipation and the electric insulation of boards. It thus threatens the stable running of the device.
You are recommended to clean dust for all boards once in every two years.
The steps are described as follows.

Procedure
Step 1 Prepare spare boards.
To clean dust for all boards, you need to prepare a spare board for each board.
Step 2 Replace boards.
Replace a board with the spare board first. You cannot remove dust from the board until the
spare one is in position and runs normally.
Step 3 Remove dust.
You can carry out dust cleaning in many ways. Two ways for dust cleaning are as follows.
l With vacuum cleaner
Brush dust from board surface with a clean and dry antistatic soft brush and align the dust
intake of a vacuum cleaner with the brush. In this case, dust is absorbed immediately when
it is brushed off.

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This method features simple operation and low cost. It is hard to remove the dust that is
absorbed on board surface such as harmful gas.
l With detergent
Use dedicated anhydrous, erosion-free, non-conductive and highly volatile detergent such
as Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) to remove dust from boards.
This method helps to remove dust completely, even those harmful gases that are adsorbed
on board surface. It, however, features complicated operation and high cost.

Step 4 Reuse boards.

Due to the amount limit of spare boards, it is not possible to replace all the boards with spare
boards simultaneously.

You can repeatedly use the cleaned board to replace other boards the types of which are the same
for secure maintenance.

----End

2.3.8 Removing Dust from Optical Interfaces and Connectors

Context
After a device has run for a period of time, you need to remove dust from optical interfaces on
boards and connectors of fibers.

CAUTION
Make sure that services are not interrupted when removing an LPU for dust removal.

Protection Against Laser

DANGER
The optical interface emits laser, which may cause injuries to eyes.

WARNING
Do not use unqualified cleaning tools or materials. This may damage the optical connectors and
interfaces.

When performing an operation on optical connectors, wearing infrared filter glasses is


recommended so that your eyes can be protected from being hurt. If you do not wear such glasses,
do not look directly into the optical connector of an optical interface.

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Capping Optical Interfaces and Connectors


Cover the unused optical interfaces on boards and connectors of fibers with dust caps. After you
remove the fiber from an optical interface, cover dust caps on the interface and the connector of
the fiber.
This helps to:
l Protect eyes from being hurt by laser.
l Prevent dust from being accumulated on optical interfaces and connectors.
Do as follows to clean optical interfaces and connectors:

Procedure
Step 1 Pull out an LPU.
Before pulling out an LPU, remove fibers from optical interfaces.
Performing this step under the guidance of Huawei engineers is recommended so that damages
to the LPU can be avoided.
Step 2 Clean the optical interfaces and connectors with dedicated tools and materials.
The tools and materials can be purchased from fiber suppliers.
For large-power optical interfaces and connectors, you must use special tools and materials to
clean them.
For small-power optical interfaces and connectors, you can use clean, dry antistatic brushes, if
dedicated tools and materials are unavailable.

----End

Loopback Test on Optical Interfaces


Add an optical attenuator when conducting a loopback test on an optical interface. In this manner,
the optical module can be protected from being overloaded and damaged due to high optical
power that is received.

2.4 Backup and Restoration


How to back up and restore data.
For the router, backup and restoration involves:

2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration File

Context
A configuration file can be backed up in the following manners:

Procedure
l Directly Copying the File

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Run the display current-configuration command on the command line interface and copy
all command outputs into a .txt file. In this manner, the configuration file is backed up into
the hard disk of the maintenance terminal.
l Directly copy the configuration file to the CFcard.
You can take the step to copy the current configuration file immediately to the CFcard of
the router. Run the following commands to copy the configuration file to the CFcard of the
router before starting the router:
<HUAWEI> copy vrpcfg.zip cfcard:/backup.zip
Copy cfcard:/vrpcfg.zip to cfcard:/backup.zip?[Y/N]:y
100% complete
Info:Copied file cfcard:/vrpcfg.zip to cfcard:/backup.zip...Done

l Backing Up the File Through TFTP


1. Assign an IP address to the router.
The router functions as a TFTP client.
Connect the router and maintenance terminal to set up a Telnet environment. Assign
an IP address to the interface on the router. Ensure that this IP address and the IP
address of the TFTP server are in the same network segment.
2. Run the TFTP server application program.
Run the TFTP server application program on the PC. Configure the path where the
downloaded file is to be saved, IP address of the TFTP server, and interface number.
3. Transfer the configuration file.
Run the tftp command with parameters specifying the IP address (10.110.24.209 in
this example) of the TFTP server, operation, and name of the configuration file on the
command line interface.
<HUAWEI> tftp 10.110.24.209 put vrpcfg.zip
Transfer file in binary mode.
Now begin to copy file to remote tftp server, please wait for a while...
\
TFTP: 1503 bytes sent in 1 seconds.
File uploaded successfully.

l Backing Up the File Through FTP


1. Connect the router and maintenance terminal to set up a Telnet environment. Assign
an IP address to the interface on the router.
2. Enable the FTP service.
The router functions as an FTP server.
Enable the functions of the FTP server. Create an FTP user with the username as
huawei and password as 123. The user is authorized to access "cfcard:/".
<HUAWEI> system-view
[HUAWEI] ftp server enable
[HUAWEI] aaa
[HUAWEI-aaa] local-user huawei password simple 123
[HUAWEI-aaa] local-user huawei service-type ftp
[HUAWEI-aaa] local-user huawei ftp-directory cfcard:/

3. On the maintenance terminal, initiate an FTP connection to the router.


On the PC, set up an FTP connection with the router through the FTP client. Assume
that the IP address of the router is 10.110.24.254.
C:\Documents and Setting\Administrator> ftp 10.110.24.254

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Connected to 10.110.24.254.
220 FTP service ready.
User (10.110.24.254:(none)): huawei
331 Password required for huawei.
Password:
230 User logged in.

4. Configure transfer parameters.

If the FTP user passes the authentication, the FTP client displays the prompt character
of "ftp>". Enter binary following the prompt character. Then, specify the path where
the uploaded file is to be saved on the FTP client.
ftp> binary
200 Type set to I.
ftp> lcd c:\temp
Local directory now C:\temp.

5. Transfer the configuration file.

On the PC, run the get command to download the configuration file to the specified
path and save the file as backup.zip.
ftp> get vrpcfg.zip backup.zip
200 Port command okay.
150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for vrpcfg.zip.
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 1021 bytes received in 0.06Seconds 60.02Kbytes/sec.
ftp>

----End

2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files

You can restore the configuration files through the following ways.

NOTE

After restoring the configuration files, reset the router to make the configuration files take effect.

Recovering the Configuration Files Saved in the CF Card Memory


This action is to restore the configuration files saved in the CF card memory of the router as the
configuration files of the current system.

Run the following commands when the router works normally.


<HUAWEI> copy backup.zip CFcard:/vrpcfg.zip
Copy CFcard:/backup.zip to CFcard:/vrpcfg.zip?[Y/N]:y
100% complete
Info: Copied file CFcard:/backup.zip to CFcard:/vrpcfg.zip...Done

Recovering the Configuration Files Saved in the PC Through TFTP


This action is to restore the configuration files saved in the PC as the configuration files of the
current system.

The router works as the TFFP client. The restoration procedure is similar to that for backing up
the configuration files through TFTP. Run the tftp get command to download the configuration
files saved in the PC to the CF card memory of the router.

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

Recovering the Configuration Files Saved in the PC Through FTP


This action is to restore the configuration files saved in the PC as the configuration files of the
current system.
The router acts as the FTP server. The restoration procedure is similar to that for backing up the
configuration files through FTP. Run the ftp put command to upload the configuration files
saved in the PC to the CF card memory of the router.

2.5 Grounding System Maintenance


How to maintain the grounding system.

2.5.1 Checking the Grounding System


To maintain the grounding system, check the following:
l The electrical contact between the metallic parts and the cabinet body. The metallic parts
and the cabinet body must be well contacted. The contact points such as screw holes, guide
lanes, and lifting ears must not be painted. Otherwise, bad electrical contact may occur.
l The grounding terminals at the front and back doors and the side doors. These terminals
must be well connected with the grounding wires.
l The grounding buses of combined neighboring cabinets. If cabinets are combined, the
neighboring cabinets must be connected by a grounding bus.
l The yellow and green protecting grounding cables. One end of a grounding cable should
connect the PGND grounding bus of the power distribution cabinet in the equipment room,
and the other end connects the grounding terminal of the cabinet. The screws that fix the
grounding cable should not be loose.

2.5.2 Measuring the Grounding Resistance


NOTE

The grounding resistance of a comprehensive communication building should be no more than 1 ; that
of a common communication station, no more than 5 ; that of the place with high earth resistibility, no
more than 10 .
To measure the grounding resistance, use an earth resistance tester. Figure 2-19 shows the arrangement
of the probes of an earth resistance tester.

Figure 2-19 Arrangement of probes of an earth resistance tester

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Routine Maintenance 2 Routine Maintenance Items

NOTE

l Position the current probe and the voltage probe in a manner that is perpendicular to the wires of a
grounding net or underground metallic pipes.
l Do not measure the grounding resistance right after a rain.

l If the distance between the current probe and the rim of a grounding net is d1 and the length
of the maximum diagonal line of a grounding net is D: d1 is normally four to five times as
much as D.
l If the distance between the probe and the side of a grounding net is d2, then d2 is 50% to
60% of d1.
l In measurement, move the voltage probe along the line connecting the grounding net and
the current probe for three times; each movement is about 5% of d1. If the three resistance
values are similar, it means that the grounding resistance is normal.
NOTE

If you feel difficult to measure d1, you can take 2D instead of d1, D instead of d2, in a place where the
earth resistibility is uniform. In a place where the resistibility is not uniform, you can take 3D instead of
d1, 1.7D instead of d2 as the data.

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Routine Maintenance 3 Operations Involving Risks

3 Operations Involving Risks

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the operations that may cause bodily injury or device faults during
maintenance.
3.1 Hardware Operations Involving Risks
3.2 Command Executions Involving Risks

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Routine Maintenance 3 Operations Involving Risks

3.1 Hardware Operations Involving Risks

CAUTION
The operations listed below have to be performed with caution.

The operations listed below have to be performed with caution.

Table 3-1 Hardware operations involving risks


Item Sub-item Aftereffects that may be
caused by maloperation

Operations on Hot swapping the master main l When the standby main control
boards control board is prohibited board runs normally, data
backup from the master board
to the standby one requires a
certain period. In this case, the
latest data on the main control
board cannot be backed up
entirely to the standby board.
Therefore, removing the in-
service master control board
may result in incorrect statistics
and data loss.
l When the standby main control
board fails to run, removing the
in-service master board may
result in interrupt of partial or
even global services.

Operations on Pressing the Reset button on the l If you press the Reset button on
boards main control board is not allowed, the panel, the board is forced to
unless otherwise required. reset the hardware. This
operation can be carried out
only by the qualified personnel
in case that fatal faults occur in
the system.
l If the Reset button on the panel
is pressed by mistake, the main
control board will be reset. Its
results are the same as those of
removing the in-service master
control board.

Operations on Pressing the OFL button is not If you press the OFL button, the
boards allowed, unless otherwise board is powered off and the
required.. service is interrupted.

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Routine Maintenance 3 Operations Involving Risks

Item Sub-item Aftereffects that may be


caused by maloperation

Operations on Inserting and removing boards l Electrostatic on human body


boards without wearing antistatic wrist does great harm to electrical
strap are prohibited parts on the board.
l If the maintenance personnel
insert and remove boards
without wearing antistatic wrist
strap, the board may be
damaged or not run stably.

Operations on Debugging the Console with the Only Huawei professional


boards Console cable is prohibited engineers can use the debugging
Console; otherwise, abnormality of
board running or board resetting
may be caused.

Operations on the Hot swapping the CF card is When the CF card is reading or
CF card prohibited writing data, hot swapping the CF
card may cause abnormity of the
operation system. That is resetting
caused by infinite loop or loss of
heartbreak of the main control
board on which the CF card is on.

Operations for Plugging in and plugging out the l The network cables inside the
cable network cables inside the cabinet cabinet are used for
are not allowed, unless otherwise communication between the
required. host and the terminal.
l Plug-in and plug-out of the
cables inside the cabinet may
make the terminal fail to log on
to the router.

Operations for Operating the power supply in the l The maintenance personnel can
power supply power distribution frame of the operate the power supply based
cabinet is prohibited on the guide only in the case of
upgrading, expansion, parts
replacement or fatal faults.
l Operations may cause fatal
faults such as shut-down of the
device and interruption of the
services.

3.2 Command Executions Involving Risks

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Routine Maintenance 3 Operations Involving Risks

CAUTION
The commands given below can be used only by the qualified and trained personnel.

Table 3-2 Command executions involving risks


Classification Command Function Aftereffect that may be caused
by maloperation

Reboot reboot Rebooting the This command can be used only in


system the case of office deployment or
upgrading; otherwise, the services
carried over the device will be
interrupted.

Format formatdevice- Formatting the Using this command may cause


name storage device loss of all the files on the specified
storage device and the files cannot
be restored.

Delete delete [ / Deleting the This command is used to delete the


unreserved ] specified files in specified files in the storage device
{ filename | the storage of the router. If you use
cfcard: } device unreserved when deleting files,
the files cannot be restored.

User interface authenticatio Authenticating When setting user authentication


n-mode the logon users on the Console and VTY user
interface, if the mode is password
or AAA, you have to set the
password or the user name to log on
to the router.

System startup Setting the large In the active/standby mode, set the
maintenance system- file for next large files for next startup at the
software startup same time on the active and
standby main control board.
Otherwise, the router will restart
continuously.

System upgrade Upgrading a Using this command to upgrade the


maintenance board software or the logical file of a
board will interrupt the services.

System power off slot Powering off a Using this command will power off
maintenance board a board and interrupt the services.

System reset slot Restarting a Using this command will restart the
maintenance board specified board.

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Routine Maintenance 4 Commonly Used Commands for Maintenance

4 Commonly Used Commands for


Maintenance

This chapter describes the commonly used commands during maintenance.


Table 4-1 shows the commonly used commands for maintenance.

Table 4-1 Commonly used commands for maintenance


Command Function

dir [/all ] [ filename ] Displays the information on the specified


file or directory in the storage device of the
router.

display alarm { slot-id | all | active |history | Displays alarms.


information name alarm-name }

display bgp [ vpnv4 vpn-instance vpn- Displays BGP peer.


instance-name ] peer [ { group-name | ipv4-
address } log-info | [ ipv4-address ] verbose ]
display bgp vpnv4 all peer [ [ ipv4-address ]
verbose ]

display clock [ utc ] Displays the information on the output port


of the LPU reference source and the
attributes of the clock reference source.

display cpu-usage [ configuration ] [ slave | Displays the statistics and configurations of


slot slot-id [ vcpu vcpu-number ]] CPU usage.
display cpu-usage [ task-name ] [ slave | slot
slot-id ]

display current-configuration Displays the valid parameters of the


[ configuration [ configuration-type router.
[ configuration-instance ] ] | controller |
interface interface-type [ interface-number ] ]

display fan Displays the status of the fan.

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Routine Maintenance 4 Commonly Used Commands for Maintenance

Command Function

display fib [ slot-id ] statistics Displays the total number of the FIB entries.

display device [ pic-status | slot-id ] Displays the basic information about the
router.

display [ ipv6 ] ftp-server Displays the parameters of the FTP server


in use.

display interface [ interface-type [ interface- Displays the running status and statistics of
number ] ] an interface.

display ip interface [ interface-type interface- Displays IP-related configurations and


number ] statistics of an interface such as the packets
transceived, bytes, multicast packets, and
broadcast packets received, sent and
discarded.

display ip interface brief [ slot slot-number Displays IP-related brief information of an


[ card card-number ] | [ interface-type interface such as the IP address, status of the
[ interface-number ] ] physical link and protocol, and the
description of the interface.

display ip routing-table Displays the brief information of IPv4


routing table.

display isis peer [ verbose ] [ process-id | vpn- Displays the IS-IS peer relationship.
instance vpn-instanc-name ]

display local-user Displays the attributes of local users.

display logbuffer [ size value | slot slot-id | Displays the record in the log buffer.
module module-name |level { severity |
emergencies | alerts | critical | errors |
warnings | notifications | informational |
debugging } ]*
display logbuffer summary [ level severity |
slot slot-id ]*

display memory-usage [ slave | slot slot-id | Displays the CPU usage of the router.
threshold [ slot slot-id ] ]

display ospf [ process-id ] brief Displays the brief information of OSPF.

display ospf [ process-id ] peer [ [ interface- Displays OSPF neighbors.


type interface-number ] neighbor-id | brief |
last-nbr-down ]

display patch-information Displays the status of the patch.

display power Displays the status of power supply.

display saved-configuration [ last | time | Displays the configuration files for next
configuration ] startup of the router.

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Routine Maintenance 4 Commonly Used Commands for Maintenance

Command Function

display startup Displays the system software and the


configuration files related to the current and
next startup.

display switchover state Displays the backup status of the active/


standby board.

display temperature slot slot-id Displays the status of the slot temperature
transducer.

display trapbuffer [ size value ] Displays the record in the alarm buffer.

display voltage slot slot-id Displays the status of the voltage transducer
in the specified slot.

display version Displays the version of system software.

ping [ ip ] [ -a source-ip-address | -c count | - Displays IP network connection and


d | -f | -h ttl-value | -i interface-type interface- whether the host is reachable.
number } | -m time | -n | -p pattern | -q | -r | -s
packetsize | -t timeout | -tos tos-value | -v | -vpn-
instance vpn-instance-name ] * host

tracert [ -a source-ip-address | -f first-TTL | - Tests the gateways through which the


m max-TTL | -p port | -q nqueries | -vpn- packets pass from the host to the destination
instance vpn-instance-name | -w timeout ] * and checks the network connection to locate
host the faults.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

5 Reference Maintenance Items and


Operations

This section describes some uncommon maintenance items and related operations for ease of
reference.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

Configuration Run the dir and The filenames, size, time for the creation of
files of the display startup the configuration files of the active and
active and commands. standby boards should be identical.
standby As shown in the bolded information, the
boards configuration files should be identical.
MainBoard:
Configured startup system
software: cfcard:/V600R002C02.cc
Startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R002C02.cc
Next startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R003C00.cc
Startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Next startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Startup paf
file: cfcard:/
paf-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup paf
file: cfcard:/paf-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup license
file: cfcard:/
license-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup license
file: cfcard:/license-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup patch
package: cfcard:/
patch.bat
Next startup patch
package: cfcard:/patch.bat
SlaveBoard:
Configured startup system
software: cfcard:/V600R002C02.cc
Startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R002C02.cc
Next startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R003C00.cc
Startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Next startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Startup paf
file: cfcard:/
paf-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup paf
file: cfcard:/paf-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup license
file: cfcard:/
license-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup license
file: cfcard:/license-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup patch

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
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Maintenanc result
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package: cfcard:/
patch.bat
Next startup patch
package: cfcard:/patch.bat

Backup of log Download the log The CF card must stores the log files in a
files files in the CF card certain period.
to the local device as
a backup through
FTP or TFTP.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

PAF and Run the dir and The filenames, size, creation time, contents
license files display startup of the PAF and license files should meet the
commands. requirements.
As shown in the bolded information, the
PAF and License should be identical.
MainBoard:
Configured startup system
software: cfcard:/V600R002C02.cc
Startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R002C02.cc
Next startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R003C00.cc
Startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Next startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Startup paf
file: cfcard:/
paf-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup paf
file: cfcard:/paf-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup license
file: cfcard:/
license-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup license
file: cfcard:/license-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup patch
package: cfcard:/
patch.bat
Next startup patch
package: cfcard:/patch.bat
SlaveBoard:
Configured startup system
software: cfcard:/V600R002C02.cc
Startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R002C02.cc
Next startup system
software: cfcard:/
V600R003C00.cc
Startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Next startup saved-configuration
file: cfcard:/vrpcfg.cfg
Startup paf
file: cfcard:/
paf-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup paf
file: cfcard:/paf-
V600R003C00.txt
Startup license
file: cfcard:/
license-V600R002C02.txt
Next startup license
file: cfcard:/license-
V600R003C00.txt

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Specification Chec
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e Item Guidance s

Startup patch
package: cfcard:/
patch.bat
Next startup patch
package: cfcard:/patch.bat

Patch Run the dir and The patch files in the CF card should meet
display patch- the requirements and in running state.
information
commands.

Interface Run the display l The interface that is in the Down state
configuration interface or display cannot have configuration but the
current- shutdown command.
configuration l The interfaces that are in the Up state
command. must have configurations.
l If the interface is not in service, use the
shutdown command to set it in the
administratively Down state.

Interface Run the display All the activated interfaces should be


description interface described in accordance to a certain rule.
command. If there is no relevant rule, abide by the
following rule: local device name/local port
number/remote device name/remote port
number/remote port rate.

IP interface Run the display ip The output includes the IP address, the
information interface brief physical status of the interface, the status of
command. the protocol, and the interface description.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

Traffic Run the display ip In normal situations, if the ping or tracert


Statistics on interface brief command is not run on the device, the
an Interface command. following statistics should not increase, and
Collect data for the the number of each type of packets should
fist time; 5 minutes not exceed 500.
<HUAWEI> display ip interface
later, collect data for GigabitEthernet0/0/0 current state :
the second time. UP
Then, compare the Line protocol current state : UP
The Maximum Transmit Unit : 1500
collected data bytes
input packets : 24118, bytes :
1069731, multicasts : 0
output packets : 25965, bytes :
1263373, multicasts : 0
Directed-broadcast packets:
received packets: 0, sent
packets: 0
forwarded packets: 0,
dropped packets: 0
ARP packet input number: 1217
Request packet: 1121
Reply packet: 96
Unknown packet: 0
Internet Address is 100.1.1.200/24
Broadcast address : 100.1.1.255
TTL being 1 packet number: 0
TTL invalid packet number: 0
ICMP packet input number: 0
Echo reply: 0
Unreachable: 0
Source quench: 0
Routing redirect: 0
Echo request: 0
Router advert: 0
Router solicit: 0
Time exceed: 0
IP header bad: 0
Timestamp request: 0
Timestamp reply: 0
Information request: 0
Information reply: 0
Netmask request: 0
Netmask reply: 0
Unknown type: 0
DHCP packet deal mode: global

Active/ Run the display When the software and hardware of the
standby switchover state device run normally and the versions are
switchover command. identical, "Slot 18 HA FSM State(master):
status realtime or routine backup. Slot 17 HA FSM
State(slave): receiving realtime or routine
data." should be displayed.
If no standby board is configured, "Slot 8
HA FSM State(master): waiting for the
slave to be inserted." is displayed.

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Specification Chec
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Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

Configuration Run the dir The configuration files of the active and the
files of the command. standby boards should be identical.
active and
standby
boards

FTP service Run the display ftp- The FTP service ports that are not in service
port server command. should be disabled.

Cleanness and Examine the device l They should be clean and tidy.
tidiness surface, the l Clean and replace the air filter in time to
components inside ensure ventilation and heat dissipation
the device, the air of the cabinet and the fan frames.
filters, floors, and
the tabletop.

Heat Examine the heat l The fans must be kept running when the
dissipation dissipation of the device is working. Do not switch off the
device. fans at random unless you clean the
device.
l Keep the vent of the device uncovered.
l Clean the air filters periodically.

Power supply Check whether there l It is recommended to install a backup


backup is a redundant power power supply module. Both the two
module for backup. power supply modules should be on.
l If there is no backup, record this issue.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
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Software Run the display The software versions of the system and
versions of version command. boards must meet the requirements.
the system The versions of the active and standby
and boards boards must be identical.
As shown in the bolded information, the
software version should be identical.
Huawei Versatile Routing Platform
Software
VRP (R) software, Version VRP5.90
(NE40E&80E V600R003C00)
Copyright (C) 2000-2011 HUAWEI TECH
CO., LTD.
HUAWEI NetEngine 40E uptime is 0
week, 0 day, 1 hou
r, 53 minutes

BKP 0 version information:


1. PCB Version : CR52BKPB REV
A
2. MPU Slot Quantity: 0
3. SRU Slot Quantity: 2
4. SFU Slot Quantity: 2
5. LPU Slot Quantity: 8

MPU 9(Master) : uptime is 0 week, 0


day, 2 hours, 6 minutes
StartupTime
2006/10/27 12:31:24
SDRAM Memory Size : 1024M bytes
NVRAM Memory Size : 512K bytes
CF Card1 Memory Size: 497M bytes
CF Card2 Memory Size: 497M bytes
MPU version information:
1. PCB Version : CR52SRUA REV
A
2. EPLD1 Version : 104
3. EPLD2 Version : 102
4. FPGA Version : 006
5. BootROM Version : 43.0
6. BootLoad Version : 46.0
7. Software Version : Version 5.90
RELEASE 0029
MIF version information:
---- More ----

Cable layout Examine the cable Power cables and service cables must be
layout. laid out separately.
The cables must be laid out in order.

Cable labels Examine the cable The cable labels must be clear, accurate, and
labels. in compliance with the related standard.
For details, refer to the appendix in the
Installation Guide.

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Specification Chec
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Maintenanc result
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Surface of the Examine the surface The surface must be in good condition.
frame of the frame. Idle slots must be installed with a blank
filler panel.

Heat Examine heat The frame vent should be clean, and heat
dissipation of dissipation of the dissipation of the device should be normal.
the frame frame. If there is dust on the air filter, clean it on
time.

Redundancy Run the display All the configurations must be useful.


configuration current- Cancel the unnecessary configurations.
configuration
command.

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Specification Chec
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Interface Run the display l When two routers are connected back-
clock interface to-back, the master clock mode should
command. be set for both of them or one should be
The POS, ATM, E1, set as the master clock and the other
T1, E3, and T3 should be set as the slave clock.
interfaces can l If the WDM system is used between the
configure clock routers, the routers should be set in the
mode. master clock mode.
NOTE l If the active SDH or SONET system is
POS, ATM, E1 and used between the routers, the routers
T1 interfaces cannot
be configured on the
should be set in the slave clock mode.
X1 and X2 models of l Set the clock mode only on the PPP
the NE80E/40E. enabled interfaces.
The bolded information is clock mode.
master: indicates the master clock, slave:
indicates the slave clock.
<HUAWEI> display interface
Pos6/0/0 current state : DOWN
Line protocol current state : DOWN
Description:HUAWEI, Pos6/0/0
Interface
Route Port,The Maximum Transmit Unit
is 4470, Hold timer is 10(sec)
Internet Address is 8.1.1.1/24
Link layer protocol is PPP
LCP initial
The Vendor PN is FTRJ1321P1BTL
The Vendor Name is FINISAR CORP.
Port BW: 2.5G, Transceiver max BW:
2.5G, Transceiver Mode: SingleMode
WaveLength: 1310nm, Transmission
Distance: 5km
Rx Power: -2.74dBm,normal range:
[-20.004,-1.000] dBm
Tx Power: -40.00dBm,normal range:
[ -11.502, -1.004] dBm
Physical layer is Packet Over SDH
Scramble enabled, clock master,
CRC-32, loopback: none
Flag J0 "NetEngine "
Flag J1 "NetEngine "
Flag C2 22(0x16)
SDH alarm:
section layer: LOS
line layer: SF
path layer: PPLM
SDH error:
section layer: B1 0
line layer: B2 0 REI 0
path layer: B3 0 REI 0
Statistics last cleared:never
Last 300 seconds input rate 0 bits/
sec, 0 packets/sec
Last 300 seconds output rate 0
bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Input: 0 packets, 12565 bytes

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s
Input error: 2 shortpacket, 0
longpacket, 29 CRC, 0 lostpacket
Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes
Output error: 0 lostpackets
Output error: 0 overrunpackets, 0
underrunpackets

Ethernet Run the display The speed and duplex mode must be
interface interface ethernet consistent at the two ends.
configuration and display As shown in the bolded information.
interface <HUAWEI> display interface Ethernet
gigabitethernet brief
PHY: Physical
commands. *down: administratively down
^down: standby
(l): loopback
(b): BFD down
InUti/OutUti: input utility/output
utility
Interface PHY Auto-
Neg Duplex Bandwidth InUti OutUti
Trunk
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 up
enable half 100M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/0 up
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/0.100 up
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/1 down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/2 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/3 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/4 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/5 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/6 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/7 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/8 down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --
GigabitEthernet2/0/9 *down
disable full 1000M 0%
0% --

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Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

POS interface Run the display l Link protocol


configuration interface pos l Clock mode
NOTE command.
POS
l MTU
interfaces As shown in the bolded information.
cannot be <HUAWEI> display interface Pos6/0/0
configured on Pos6/0/0 current state : UP
the X1 and X2 Line protocol current state : UP
Description:HUAWEI, Pos6/0/0
models of the
Interface
NE80E/40E. Route Port,The Maximum Transmit Unit
is 4470, Hold timer is 10(sec)
Internet Address is 8.1.1.1/24
Link layer protocol is PPP
LCP initial
The Vendor PN is FTRJ8519P1BNL-HW
The Vendor Name is FINISAR CORP.
Port BW: 2.5G, Transceiver max BW:
1G, Transceiver Mode: MultiMode
WaveLength: 850nm, Transmission
Distance: 550m
Rx Power: -20.01dBm, Tx Power:
-5.94dBm
Physical layer is Packet Over SDH
Scramble enabled, clock master,
CRC-32, loopback: none
Flag J0 "NetEngine "
Flag J1 "NetEngine "
Flag C2 22(0x16)
---- More ----

ATM Run the following l Encapsulation mode


interface commands: l PVC information
configuration l display l LLID
NOTE interface atm
ATM
interfaces l display atm
cannot be interface
configured on l display atm
the X1 and X2
models of the
service
NE80E/40E. l display atm
pvc-info
l display atm
pvp-info
l display atm llid

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

IP address Run the display For the IP addresses of the point-to-point


interface interfaces, the subnet mask is set to 30 bits.
command. As shown in the bolded information.
display ip interface brief
*down: administratively down
!down: FIB overload down
(l): loopback
(s): spoofing
The number of interface that is UP in
Physical is 4
The number of interface that is DOWN
in Physical is 3
The number of interface that is UP in
Protocol is 4
The number of interface that is DOWN
in Protocol is 3

Interface IP
Address/Mask Physical Protocol
Aux0/0/1
unassigned *down down
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
100.1.1.200/24 up up

LoopBack0
1.1.1.1/32 up up(s)
NULL0
unassigned up up(s)
Pos6/0/0
8.1.1.1/30 up up
Pos6/0/1
unassigned down down
Pos6/0/2
unassigned down down
Pos6/0/3
unassigned down down
---- More --

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

MTU Run the display The MTU value of the local interface must
interface be the same as that of the peer interface.
command. As shown in the bolded information.
<HUAWEI> display interface Pos
Pos6/0/0 current state : DOWN
Line protocol current state : DOWN
Description:HUAWEI, Pos6/0/0
Interface
Route Port,The Maximum Transmit Unit
is 4470, Hold timer is 10(sec)
Internet Address is 8.1.1.1/30
Link layer protocol is PPP
LCP initial
The Vendor PN is FTRJ8519P1BNL-HW
The Vendor Name is FINISAR CORP.
Port BW: 2.5G, Transceiver max BW:
1G, Transceiver Mode: MultiMode
WaveLength: 850nm, Transmission
Distance: 550m
Rx Power: -20.01dBm, Tx Power:
-5.95dBm
Physical layer is Packet Over SDH
Scramble enabled, clock master,
CRC-32, loopback: none
Flag J0 "NetEngine "
Flag J1 "NetEngine "
Flag C2 22(0x16)
---- More ----

CIDR Run the display ip l The routing entries should be


routing-table summarized through CIDR.
protocol static l Do not create unnecessary routes and
command. redundant routes.

BGP route Run the display bgp Use network+black hole route to manually
routing-table perform route aggregation, and then
command. advertise the aggregated route statistically.
It is recommended that you configure the
router to advertise routes by using
network.
You can also configure the router to import
routes by using the import command.

OSPF router Run the display l The router ID should use the address of
ID router id or the the loopback interface.
display ospf brief l If the loopback interface is not assigned
command. an IP address, use the IP address of the
incoming interface or the IP address of
an interface least to be down.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

OSPF route Run the display It is recommended that you configure the
ospf routing router to advertise routes by using
command. network.
You can also configure the router to import
routes by using the import command.

Virtual OSPF Run the display The virtual link should not be used.
link ospf
vlinkcommand.

OSPF STUB Run the display Stub area is not allowed to import external
area current- routes
configuration
configuration ospf
command.

OSPF error Run the display The number of error packets should not
packets ospf error increase.
command and after
five minutes, run
this command
again. Collect the
number of error
packets for
comparison.

Consistency Run the display The router ID should be identical with the
of OSPF router id or display OSPF process ID.
router ID ospf brief
command.

IS-IS system Run the display l The system ID is an extension of the


ID router id or display loopback interface address.
isis brief command. l If no loopback interface address is
assigned, use the IP address of the
incoming interface.

IS-IS route Run the display It is recommended that you configure the
current- router to advertise routes by using
configuration network.
configuration isis You can also configure the router to import
command. routes by using the import command.

ISIS wide- Run the display The cost style parameter of IS-IS is
metric current- narrow,wide,wide-compatible,
configuration compatible, narrow-compatible.
configuration isis
command.

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Routine Maintenance 5 Reference Maintenance Items and Operations

Specification Chec
k
Maintenanc result
e Item Guidance s

IS-IS address Run the display The network entity can have only one
current- address.
configuration Usually, one router can be configured with
configuration isis three areas at most.
command.

Multicast Run the display l PIM-SM is used in the multicast


routing multicast routing- domain.
protocol table command. l IGMP is enabled on the interfaces
involved in multicast routing.

MPLS LSR- Run the display l The LSR-ID should use the loopback
ID current- address. The LSR-ID must be unique in
configuration | the backbone network.
include mpls lsr-id l If the loopback interface is not assigned
command. an IP address, use the IP address of the
incoming interface or the IP address of
an interface least to be down.

MPLS LDP Run the display There is information about LDP peer.
peer status mpls ldp peer
command.

Fire control Check the key parts All parts must be fire-proof. All fire
such as the cabinet, prevention facilities must be in good
frame, and cabling condition.
trough.

Theft Check doors, They must be in good condition.


prevention windows, and theft-
proof nets of the
equipment room.

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HUAWEI NetEngine80E/40E Router
Routine Maintenance A Glossary

A Glossary

This appendix lists the glossaries in this manual.

C
console Stands for console port. It is a serial null-modem connection used to configure
the local device. By default, the transmission rate is 9600bps.

D
daily routine A maintenance measure carried out by the ordinary maintenance personnel.
maintenance

F
Flash A special type of EEPROM that can be erased and reprogrammed in blocks
memory instead of one byte at a time. Flash memory is memory which retains its
contents even after power is removed.

P
periodic A relatively complex maintenance measure carried out by the maintenance
routine personnel who have undergone professional trainings.
maintenance

R
routine A preventive maintenance measure conducted during the normal operation
maintenance of the device.

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Routine Maintenance A Glossary

terminal A device that enables you to communicate with a computer. Generally, a


terminal is a combination of keyboard and display screen. In networking, a
terminal is a personal computer or workstation connected to a mainframe.
The personal computer usually runs terminal emulation software that makes
the mainframe think it is like any other mainframe terminal.

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Routine Maintenance B Acronyms and Abbreviations

B Acronyms and Abbreviations

This chapter collates glossary and frequently used acronyms and abbreviations in this manual.
B
BGP Border Gateway Protocol

C
CIDR Classless Inter-Domain Routing

F
FTP File Transfer Protocol

I
IBGP Internal BGP
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IP Internet Protocol
IS-IS Intermediate System-Intermediate System

L
LDP Label Distribution Protocol
LSR Label Switching Router

M
MBGP Multiprotocol Border Gateway Protocol
MPLS Multi-Protocol Label Switching

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Routine Maintenance B Acronyms and Abbreviations

MTU Maximum Transmission Unit

N
NTP Network Time Protocol

O
OSPF Open Shortest Path First

P
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
PIM-SM Protocol Independent Multicast Sparse Mode

S
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SONET Synchronous Optical Network

T
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol

V
VPN Virtual Private Network

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