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Southern Philippines Agri-Business and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology (SPAMAST) Digos Campus

Licensure Examination for Teachers Mockboard Exam

12. There are more species of bacteria that are useful than harmful. Which among the following bacteria is found in

the nodules of roots that help plants covert nitrogen into more useful compound.


a. Rhizobium

c. Mycobacterium

Specialization: Biological Science

b. Mycorhizza

d. Staphylococcus

1. Not all plants bear flowers. Which of the following plants bear flowers?

d. Pines

2. Which of the following is NOT descriptive of domain Archaea?



b. Ginkgo

c. Cycads

a. It has characteristics similar to domain eubacteria

b. They are composed of extremophiles

c. It includes eukaryotic organisms

d. It is believed to be a universal ancestor of all life

3. Which of the following groups of organisms is a very good

source of antibiotics?


b. Penicillium notatum

Aspergillus niger

c. Rhizophus sp.

d. Saccharomyces crevisiea

4. Monocots differ from dicots based on the following

characteristics except:

a. Arrangement of vascular bundles

b. Number of petals

c. Presence of vascular bundles

d. Type of leaf venation

5. Which of the following categories refers to the basic unit of classification?



b. Genus

c. Order

d. Species

6. Which of the following is NOT a characteristics of fungus?

a. Ability to produce their own food

b. Cell walls made out of chitin

c. Filamentous nature

d. Mitosis similar to plants and animals

7. Red tide is a natural phenomenon that takes place in a

marine environment. This is caused by a group of protists. Which protist is responsible for this phenomenon?

a. Ciliates

c. Sarcodines

b. Dinoflagellates

d. Sporozoans

8. Malaria is a disease caused by parasitic Sporozoans. What genus of sporozoans causes the disease?

a. Amoeba

c. Plasmodium

b. Giardia

d. Trypanosoma

9. Plants are generally classified into vascular and non-

vascular. Which of the following plants is a vascular?

a. Bracken fern

c. Liveworts

b. Hornworts

d. Mosses

10. Which of the following is NOT a taxon?

c. Snakes

11. All monocots possess the following characteristics except:



b. Kingdo

d. Sponges

a. Fibrous root system

b. Floral parts in multiples of 4s or 5s

c. Parallel venation

13. Malaria is a disease caused by parasistic sporozoans. What genus of sporozoans causes the disease?

a. Amoeba

c. Plasmodium

b. Giardia

d. Trypanosoma

14. What do you call an extremophilic bacteria that live in an environment with high sulfur content like in the Yellowstone National Park in the USA?

a. Sulfulobus bacteria

c. Acidophilic bacteria

b. Methanobacteria

d. Halophilic bacteria

15. All animals are heterotrophic, they could be classified as

herbivore, carnivore and omnivore. Which of the following animals is an omnivore?

a. Frogs

b. Horses

c. Lions

d. Sheep

16. Dry fruits are generally classified into indehiscent and dehiscent. Those that split open when ripe are dehiscent, while those that do not split open are indehiscent. Which of the following fruits is indehiscent?

d . Ipil-ipil

b. Camachile

17. Fruits that become soft and fleshy upon maturity are fleshy fruits. They easily spoil when matured. Which of the following fruits is not fleshy?



c. Coconut



b. Chico

c. Melon

d. Tomatoes

18. Marine fishes are hypotonic to their surroundings and are having a problem with osmoregulation. To overcome this,

they do the following except:

a. Drink a lot of sea water

b. Excretes salts through the help of chloride cells

c. Having a kidney with low filtration rate

d. Minimize drinking sea water

19. Most organisms have only one reproductive organ like in

man. However, some organisms have both the male and

female gonads. What do you call organisms which have both male and female reproductive organs/gonads?



b. Monoeciuos c. Pistilate

d. Protandric

20. What do you call saddle-like structure on the body of the

earthworm along the 32-37 th segments where eggs are fertilized and later on hatch into larvae?



b. Parapodia

c. Prostomium

d. Setae

21. What is the type of locomotion exhibited by the cephalopods like the squids and octopuses?

a. Gliding

c. Jet propulsion

b. Hopping

d. Somersaulting

22. What part of the flower will later on become the pericarp of the fruit?

d. Style


Ovary wall

b. Ovules

c. Pedicel


In freshwater environment, the organisms (cells) are


Classify the following reaction:


hypertonic with reference to the environment. This means


2Kl + Pb(CH₃COO)₂ ----------2K(CH₃COO) + Pbl₂

that more solutes are found inside the cells than in the


Single replacement reaction

c. Combination reaction

surrounding water. What do you call solutions having a


Double replacement reaction

d. Synthesis

greater amount of solute concentrations than the cell?


Which of the following are good conductors of heat and

a. Hypertonic solution

c. Isotonic solution


b. Hypotonic solution

d. None of the above



b. Noble gases

c. Metalloids

d. Metals


After a leaf has fallen, you will notice the presence of dot-


Which element has the greatest ionization energy?

like structures on the leaf scar. What do you call these



b. Na

c. Mg

d. Al




Which type of bond holds the atoms in water molecules?


Bundle scar

b. Internode

c. Leaf scar

d. Node


Hydrogen bond

c. Non-polar covalent bond



Digestion could be classified as external or internal. It is


Ionic bond

d. Polar covalent bond

internal when the individual cells take in food and


How many lone pairs are there in NH₃?

chemically digest the food through the help of enzymes.



b. 1

c. 2

d. 3

External digestion involves a digestive tube where the food


Which of the following is the function of the Lysosomes?

is digested externally through physical and chemical

a. Protein synthesis c


means and distributed to individual cells. Which among

b. Intracellular digestion

the following organisms practices external digestion?

c. Processing and packaging



b. Hydra

c. Paramecium

d. Sponges

d. Production of hydrogen peroxide



Some plants produce roots in unusual places in their body.


What is the destination of the vesicles formed at the

What do you call these types of roots?

smooth ER?


a. Adventitious root

c. Specialized root

a. Rough ER

b. Fibrous root

d. Taproot

b. Plant cell vacuole



Specialized roots are roots that are modified to perform


c. Lysosome


functions other than absorption and anchorage. Which of

d. Golgi body

the following is an example of a specialized root?


Proteins associated with the plasma membrane have



b. Corm

c. Rhizomes

d. Tubers

hydrophobic ends and hydrophilic ends. What is the


Sinks are parts of the body of the plant that function for storage of photosynthetic by-products. Which of the


orientation of the hydrophilic ends of proteins in the plasma membrane?

following is NOT a sink in the body of the plant?

a. Sandwiched by the bilipid layer

c. Bilipid layer



b. Mature leaves

c. Tubers

d. Leaf buds

b. Membrane surface

d. None of the above


In the conduction of water and minerals in plants, there


Which of the following is NOT a step in Calvin cycle?

are vessels or tissues where water and minerals pass

a. Photorespiration


through, what do you call these tissues?

b. Carbon dioxide interacts with RUB


a. Casparian strip

c. Phloem

c. Ribulose biphosphate regeneration

b. Endodermis

d. Xylem

d. 6-carbon containing compound splits to PGAL


Mollusks are soft-bodies animals. Aside from this character


Inside a cell, glycerol is broken down into

trait, what is the most important characteristic similar to


Acetyl CoA

b. Amino acids

c. Fatty acid


all mollusks?


Maricar eats a lot of carbohydrate-containing food. To

a. Presence of a mantle cavity

c. Presence of pen

avoid high glucose level in blood, what would the liver do

b. Presence of ink sac

d. Presence of tentacles

with excess glucose?


An aluminum ion, Al³⁺, has

a. Liver cells convert glycogen to carbon dioxide



13 protons, 23 electrons

c. 13 protons and 13 electrons

b. Liver cells convert glucose to carbon dioxide


13 protons, 16 electrons

d. 13 protons, 10 electrons

c. Liver cells convert glucose to glycogen


Which of the following compounds is an ionic compound?

d. Liver cells convert glucose to protein



b. BaCl₂

c. HCl

d. N₂


What is formed when amino acids are linked by a peptide


Which pair of elements is most likely to form a covalent




a. Polysacchride c. Polyketide



Mg and Br

b. K and Cl

c. O and N

d. O and Cu

b. Polypeptides d. None of the above


Which is the correct formula of copper(ll) phosphate?


Pairing of nitrogenous bases in DNA is specific. Which base



b. Cu₃(PO₄)₂

c. Cu₂PO₃

d. Cu(PO₄)₂

or bases can form hydrogen bonds with adenine?



The stock name for As₂S₅ is




b. Uracil

c. Guanine

d. Adenine


Diarsenic pentasulfide

c. Arsenic (III) sulfide



Arsenic (V) sulfide

d. Arsenic (V) sulfate

49. Which of the following pairs of substances forms a triglyceride?

a. A glycerol and 1 fatty acid

b. A glycerol and 2 fatty acids

c. A glycerol and 3 fatty acids

d. d. A glycerol and 3 amino acids

50. Which of the following is the major difference between mitosis and meiosis?

a. Homologous chromosomes pair only in meiosis

b. DNA replication occurs only in meiosis

c. Daughter chromatids separate only in meiosis

d. Chromosomes line up on the cell equator only in meiosis

51. Fermentation is an anaerobic respiration that would cause the breakdown of pyruvic acid in yeast cells. The process releases the following substances except:

d. Lactic acid

52. The signal molecule is platelet derived growth factor, what



b. Carbon dioxide c. Ethyl alcohol

is the response of the target cell?

a. The cell becomes a cancer cell

b. The cell becomes a monster

c. The cell stops dividing

d. The cell divides

53. What makes up the secondary structure of protein?

a. Both alpha helices and beta pleated sheets together in the same molecule

b. Chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds

c. Either B-pleated sheets or alpha-helix structure

d. More than one protein molecule together

54. Nucleotide is the building block of nucleic acid and is

composed of sugar, phosphate and nitrogenous base. What is the linkage between sugar and pyrimidine base in

a nucleotide?

a. C1 N9 glycosidic bond c. C1 N1 glycosidic bond

b. 1 → 4 glycosidic bond d. Phosphodiester bond

55. Which of the following substances is important to various

synthetic pathways?



b. Erythrose-4-phosphate


d. UTP

56. X-linked recessive inheritance is associated with all of the

following statements except

A. male-to-male transcription

B. affected males are related through carrier females

C. offspring of affected males are usually clinically normal

D. offspring of heterozygous females are at risk to either affected males or carrier females

57. Which is the best evidence to support the theory concerning the order of evolutionary development of vertebrates?

A. All vertebrates have four chambered hearts

B. The earliest fish fossils are over a million years old

C. All vertebrates have capillaries connecting the veins and arteries

D. There is a sequence of vertebrate fossils in

undistributed sedimentary rock

58. Which of the following is most likely to eventually lead to allopatric speciation?

A. A genetic change occurs in members of a population of deer that causes to mate only with specific

genotypes in a population

B. A river forms the rechanneling of a mountain runoff, transecting the range of a population of larks that reside in the valley

C. A tectonic shift raises a new mountain range that splits a population of possums into two isolated groups

D. A genetic change occurs in members of a penguin population that causes them to assume a different courtship ritual than that of the parent population

59. A point mutation that occurs during the process of

translation causes the incorrect amino acid to be inserted into the growing polypeptide. This is an example of what type of mutation.


B. a missense mutation

a translocation

C. a frameshift mutation

D. a nonsense mutation

For numbers 45-47. In pea plants, one pair of alleles determines flower color (purple or white). Another pair of alleles determines seed shape (smooth or wrinkled). Thus, each gamete will contain one of the flower color alleles C or c, and one of the seed shaped alleles S or s. In repeated crosses of a specific purple, smooth seeded plant with a white, wrinkled seeded plant, all of the offspring were purple and smooth seeded as shown below. However; in subsequent crosses of another purple, smooth seeded plant with a purple, wrinkled seeded plant, the ratios are shown in cross II below

Cross Parents




I Purple


All purple, smooth



II Purple



purple, smooth







purple, wrinkled



white, smooth






60. Which of the following alleles are dominant?

A. Purple color, smooth seeds

B. Purple color, wrinkled seeds

C. White color, smooth seeds

D. D. White color, wrinkled seeds

61. Which of the following is probably the genotype of the purple smooth-seeded parent in the first cross?

A. CcSS B. CCss C. CCSS D.CcSs

62. Which of the following correctly describes the relationship

of the white flower color alleleto the purple flower color?

A. It is dominant

C. It is codominant

B. It is recessive

D. It is sex linked

63. Which of the following goes against the biological species concept?

A. A species consists of a population of individuals

B. A species may consists of more than one population of individuals

C. The individuals of a species are capable of successfully interbreeding

D. Members of one species cannot successfully interbreed with members of another species

64. The chromosome mutation that occurs when a piece of one chromosome breaks off and joints to a non- homologous chromosome is known as which of the following

independent. The risk of developing stomach cancer for a man who already has skin cancer is


1 in 25

B. 1 in 50

C. 3 in 50

D. 1 in 1250

72. If one wishes to test the claim that the mean of the

population is 100. The appropriate null hypothesis is

A. X=100

B.µ100 C.µ< 100 D.µ=100

73. When two dice are rolled, sample space consists of how many events?





D. 54

74. An investigator collects diastolic blood pressure levels on a group of patients. He divides his scale of measurement into intervals of 5mm Hg (i.e.,70-74mm Hg, 80-84mm Hg, etc). The investigator counts the number patients diastolic

A. Deletion

C. Translocation

blood pressures in each interval. If the investigator were to

A. Histogram

C. Regression line

B. Duplication

D. Nondisjunction

plot the frequency of blood pressure levels in each

65. When this molecule of DNA replicates, the endonuclease enzyme will cleaves between parts represented by (base

interval, he would probably choose the following graph

B. Scatter diagram

D. Bar graph

your answer on the diagram below which represents parts of the double-stranded DNA molecule.

75. A variable that interferes with other variables in the study

1 6 2 5 3 3 4

is called

A. a discrete variable

B. a dependent variable

C. a confounding variable

D. an independent variable

76. What are the three (3) basic unit elements that are


discovered during ancient Egypt?


B. Aluminum, silver, copper

Copper, silver, gold


C. Gold, iron, silver

D. Mercury, gold, copper

77. Which of the following events shows the nature of science


1 and 2

B. 2 and 3

C. 3 and 4

D. 1 and 3

as “ a blend of logic Imagination?”


Consider the following sets of cholesterol levels in milligramsper deciliter (mg/d)

A. Alloy pewter was starting to be used in the production of objects such as plates, dishes and jugs

Set 1: 200, 210, 190, 220, 195 Set 2: 210, 170, 180, 235, 240

B. Wheeled-plough and iron-bladed plough were improved due to an increase in demand on dried

The standard deviation of set 1 is


A. Less than that of Set 2


C. Maps were made because Romans were frequently

B. Greater than that of Set 2


C. The same as that of Set 2

D. Romans developed the abacus

D. Equal to the mean of Set 2

78. The 21st century science is more popularly known as


The decrees of freedom for the goodness of fit test are

A. C. Age of Information Technology

Computer Age

A. 0


B. D. Age of Scientific Revolution

Nuclear Age

B. 1 Sample size -1


79. The future of Science and technology is best described

C. sample size -1

with the onset of

D. number of categories


A. particle dynamics C. biotechnology


When a distribution is positively skewed, the relationship

B. nanotechnology

D. System Dynamics

of the mean, median, mode from left to right will be

80. The Christian world view of science dominated which age

A. Mean, median, mode,

C. Median, mode, mean

in the development of science and technology?

B. Mode, median, mean

D. Mean, mode, median

A. Ancient times

C. Renaissance period


B. Middle Ages

D. 21st century

What is the sum of the probabilities of all outcomes in a probability distribution?

81. All the following individuals have made a difference as



B. 1


C. 1

D. It cannot be determined

architects in the mechanistic world view of Science except:


Data that can be classified according to color are

A. Francis Bacon

C. Isaac Newton

measured on what scale?


B. Rene Descartes

D. Albert Einstein



B. Ordinal

C. Interval

D. Dominal


82. What is the importance of a milestone during the Roman Empire

A. Measure of distance


Assume the risk of developing stomach cancer during one’s life is 1 in 50, whereas that of developing skin cancer is 1 in 25. Further assume that these events are

B. Supports for temples and other buildings

C. Boundary markers for framing estates

D. both a and c

83. Which of the following technologies were attributed to the early middle ages?

d. Flagella for Amoeba and pseudopodia for Paramecium

A. Casting cannon, treadmill, and iron casting


Which is dominated by green pigment?

B. Wools, crucible and spinning wheel


a. Rhodophyta

c. Phaeophyta

C. Windmills, gunpowder and canals

b. Chlorophyta

d. Chrysophyta

D. Magnetic compass and mechanical clock


Which comes first in viral multiplication?

84. Imagination is more important than knowledge. The more


a. Attachment

c. Replication

important thing is NOT stop questioning. This line was

b. Penetration

d. Assembly

quoted by


What is the causative agent of syphilis?

A. Isaac Newton

C. Michael Faraday


a. Treponema

c. Borrelia

B. Albert Einstein

D. Galileo Galilei

b. Neisseria

d. Bacillus

85. Which of the following groups believed that their


Which covers the genetic material of virus?

achievements were due to divine intervention?


a. Capsid

c. Rod



B. Chinese

C. Greeks

D. Roman

b. Sheath

d. Tail

86. Which does NOT belong to the group?



Which has the least chance of transmitting AIDS?


a. Capsule


c. Cell Wall


a. Sexual intercourse

c. Organ Transplant

b. Ribosomes

d. Cell membrane

b. Blood Transfusion

d. Kissing

87. Four (4) bacteria undergo binary fission. How many cells


The muscle associated with hair follicle are:

are produced in the process?


a. Pectoralis major

c. Gastrocnemius




b. 4

c. 6

d. 8

b. Arrector pili

d. Sartorius

88. Which is true for methanogen?




14-year old female Caucasian has been complaining of


a. Uses methane in metabolism


her freckles that are widely distributed throughout her

b. Converts methane to salt or acid

body. The pigment responsible for her condition is called:

c. Releases methane as by product


a. Carotene

c. Melanin

d. Disrupts methane production in bioremediation


b. Lycopene

d. Keratin

89. What is the relevance of Thermus aquaticus in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)?


The deepest layer of the epidermis which consist of cuboidal or columnar cells and plays a big role for mitotic


a. DNA polymerase of T. aquaticus is used in PCR

division every 19 days the :


b. PCR is used by T. aquaticus in its metabolism


a. Stratum corneum

c. Stratum germinativum

c. T. aquaticus and PCR are the same


b. Stratum granulosum

d. Stratum basale

d. T. aquaticus is used to study PCR



When exposed to sunlight, the skin is capable of producing

90. A bacterium divides in two planes. What will be the result?


molecule that can transform into what type of vitamin?


a. Tetrad

c. Diplococci


a. Vitamin A

c. Vitamin C

b. Sarcinae

d. Staphylococci

b. Vitamin E

d. Vitamin D

91. A scientist observes a microorganism that is infectious and elongated. Which is most likely observed organism?


The organ that serves as filtering agent of bacteria, old red blood cells, bacteria and other foreign particles is the:


a. Spirillum

c. Streptobacilli


a. Liver

c. Kidney

b. Diplococci

d. Staphylococcus


b. Spleen

d. Gall Bladder

92. Which is the goal of bacteria in bioremediation?


Helena, a 14-year old female is always conscious about her


a. Release toxins to the environment


face because of her pimples and oily skin. The gland

b. Propagate in the polluted environment


responsible for causing this condition is:

c. Convert toxic substance to non lethal ones


a. Eccrine gland

c. Sebaceous gland

d. Create food for the animals infected by pollution

b. Merocrine gland

d. Apocrine gland

93. Which concept promotes the idea that bacteria are not


Raymond, a 10-year old child suffered a fracture on his

always harmful?


right forearm due to fall from a tree three weeks ago.


a. Paralysis

c. Endotoxins


Tissue repair begins a fibrocartilage fills the end of the

b. Probiotics

d. Competition

damaged bones. The step where this process happened is

94. Which protest functions like Fungi?

what is called?


a. Plasmodium

c. Physarum


a. Bony callus

c. Hematoma

b. Gonyaulax


d. Caulerpa

b. Remodeling

d. Fibrocartilaginous callus

95. What are the locomotory organs of Paramecium and


Our muscles are capable of contracting regularly. The


a. Cilia for Paramecium and flagella for Amoeba

neurotransmitter enabling the movement of muscles is known as:

b. Cilia for Paramecium and pseudopodia for

a. Serotonin

c. Acetycholine


b. Epinephrine

d. Norepinephrine

109. A person who has a diabetes inspidus excretes a large amount of urine. What hormone is defective in response to this condition?

121. Heat is a product of organism in converting food to other forms of energy. Why is this considered an advantage to the organism?

a. Antidiuretic hormone

c. Erythropoietin

a. Maintenance of internal body temperature

b. Renin

d. Oxytocin

b. Low temperature is good for metabolism

110. A person who is hypertensive loses elasticity of the

coronary arteries. This condition is known as:





c. Arteriosclerosis

d. Phlebitis

c. Water uses heat for convection transfer

d. Heat is converted to store energy

122. In maximizing the gliding time, which area should be avoided by gliders?

111. The hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland is:

a. Remains of lava flow

c. Barren field

a. Prolactin

c. Growth hormone

b. Cemented roads

d. Forest park

b. Antidiuretic hormone

d. Calcitonin

112. A milky fluid which comprises the fat globules and lymph is

123. What is the effect of thin ice formed on top of a lake during winter?

known as:

a. Increase temperature of lake

a. Lacteals

c. Chyle

b. Absorb heat from the atmosphere

b. Colostrum

d. None of the above

c. Served as thermal insulator to the lake

113. What part of the male reproductive system in which sperms are stored?

d. Conduct heat between water and atmosphere

124. Which situation will lose or acquire heat by conduction?

a. Epididymis

c. Vas deferens

a. Birds getting fish under water

b. Seminiferous tubules

d. Urethra

b. Exposing to morning sunlight

114. The immune system comprises the T-cells which develop in the :

c. Resting on a cold boulder

d. Walking inside a cave


Adrenal glands

c. Thyroid gland

125. If an animal wants to cool down by touching its belly to the


Thymus gland

d. Spleen

soil, which should done?

115. Which gland is part o the endocrine system?


b. Bulbourethral gland

Seminal vesicles

c. Prostate gland

d. Testes

116. What is the classification of ecosystem?

a. Closed system, because the green house gases trap heat

b. Closed system, because clouds reflect sunlight back to space

c. Open system, because it requires constant light energy supply

d. Open system, because it releases heat to the inner

layers of the earth

117. Water in the leaf transpires (evaporates) when heated.

What is the result?

a. Increase time of contact to the soil

b. Find a soil hotter than the animal body

c. Place a smaller area of the belly to the floor

d. Increase distance between the belly and the soil

126. What is needed to be established to be certain that coevolution has occurred?

a. Both species originated from the same time.

b. Each species affects the population density of the other.

c. The evolution of one species is complementary to the evolution of the other species.

d. Two species are adapted to a common set of environmental conditions.

127. Which of the following exhibits genuine symbiosis?

a. Hotter environment

a. Grass and man

c. Seal and penguin

b. Cooler environment

b. Lichen

d. Whale and shark

c. Fast release of nutrients of roots

d. Slow release of nutrients by roots

118. Food was consumed by the biotic (living) components.

Food was then used for movements of organs. The

movement of organs released bioluminescence afterwards. What are the conversions of energy?

a. Mechanical-chemical-radiant

b. Chemical-mechanical-radiant

c. Chemical-radiant-mechanical

128. Which of the following provides an incorrect comparison

between tropical rainforest and grassland?

a. Both are terrestrial ecosystems

b. Both have large areas are converted to commercial establishments

c. Fires in grasslands occur more often inhibiting the growth of trees

d. Precipitation are of greatest quantity

129. Which biome has the shortest growing season?

d. Mechanical-radiant-chemical

a. Grassland

c. Taiga

119. Tourist travelling to High Mountain experience gradual

b. Savannah

d. Tropical rainforest

lowering of temperature. What is the reason behind this?

a. Turnover

b. Adiabatic cooling

c. First law of thermodynamics

d. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

130. In summer, algal blooms are a common scenario. Which factor is limiting to the growth of other organisms in the event of algal blooms?

120. Which is needed to counteract the effect of entrophy?

a. Carbohydrates

c. Oxygen



b. Work

c. Heat

d. Light

b. Nitrogen

d. Water

131. Which of the following is a natural ecosystem?

a. Fish pond c. Mangrove forest



d. Rice paddy

132. Which of the following would have the least amount of

energy received based on its trophic position?



b. Louse

c. Rice

d. Snail

133. What may happen if a keystone predator is removed from an ecosystem?

a. The density of all population will increase.

b. The diversity of organisms will decrease.

c. The diversity of organisms will increase.

d. The prey will become the keystone predator.

142. What muscle is described as involuntary and not striated and has a single nucleus?



b. Skeletal

c. Cardiac

d. Connective

143. Which of the following helps in blood coagulation?


Vitamin C

b. Vitamin

c. Potassium

d. Sodium

144. Which of these is NOT a reactant in photosynthesis?



b. Cabon dioxide

c. Glucose

d. Water

145. The offspring of amle donkey and a female horse is called a:



b. liger

c. mare

d. colt

146. malaria is endemic in places in the Philippines such as Palawan. What is the causative agent of malaria?

134. Why are decomposers not represented in the food chain?

a. Anopheles mosquito

c. Plasmodium

a. Decomposition occurs at any point in the chain.

b. Aedes aegypti mosquito

d. Virus

b. Most decomposers are anaerobic.

c. The organisms should die first before the process can begin.

d. They are not heterotrophs.

135. Under which relationship can you classify that of man and

natural flora in the human gut?

147. Which of the following is a rodent?



b. Whale

c. Earthworm

d. Rat

148. In which part of the cell does glycolysis take place?

a. Mitochondria b. Nucleus

c. Ribosomes d. Cytoplasm

149. Which of the following is true about diabetes mellitus?

a. There is an increase in cellular glucose.



c. Parasitism

b. There is an increase in blood glucose.



d. Predation

c. There is a decrease in blood glucose.

136. Why does shedding of leaves occur in deciduous trees

before winter?

a. In preparation for the new leaves that will grow in spring

b. Leaves are old and nonfunctional

c. To conserve energy that will be used for the maintenance of parts

d. To prevent the leaves from freezing

137. Natural disturbances may impart positive or negative effects on ecosystems. Which of the following disturbances allow sun-loving plants to thrive along the disturbed area?



b. Flood

c. Strong wind

d. Volcanic eruption

138. The amount of energy obtained by organisms decrease as the trophic level increases. What could result from this?

a. Organisms of the higher trophic level will be much weaker

b. Organisms of the higher trophic level will consume more

c. Organisms of the lower trophic level will dominate the ecosystem

d. The effect is not worth living.

139. Where can you find the final consumer in the energy pyramid?

a. c. Middle portion


b. d. They are not classified under


140. What information can you get from a food web?

a. Diet of organisms

b. Number of food chains present

c. Trophic niches of organism

d. All of the above

141. What happens in a myocardial in farction?

a. There is a decrease of oxygen in the brain.

b. There is a decrease of oxygen in the heart muscles.

c. There is an increase in pressure in the blood vessels.

d. There is an increase in the size of the arteries.

150. What will happen when a plant cell is placed in a hypotonic solution?

a. It will shrink and lyse.

b. It will swell and burst.

c. Nothing will change.

d. It will swell and become turgid.