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Arun.M.Angadi BE,Automobile
Arun.M.Angadi BE,Automobile
Arun.M.Angadi BE,Automobile

Arun.M.Angadi

BE,Automobile
BE,Automobile
1.Brief Introduction on topic • Definition • Types • Functions 2.Design Details • Design Information Material
1.Brief Introduction on topic • Definition • Types • Functions 2.Design Details • Design Information Material

1.Brief Introduction on topic Definition Types Functions 2.Design Details

Design Information Material used

• • Manufacturing Method

3. Field Visit

Industry Details Manufacturing unit

Type of Manufacturing

Production Details

Definition; • Frame is a under carriage or structure that supports the engine and cab(body)of the

Definition;

Frame is a under carriage or structure that supports the engine and cab(body)of the

automobile.

It is made up of long two members called side members riveted together with the help of number of cross members.

Front cross member
Front cross
member
Definition; • Frame is a under carriage or structure that supports the engine and cab(body)of the

X-Member

Definition; • Frame is a under carriage or structure that supports the engine and cab(body)of the

Side Member

Dig of Automobile chassis Frame

Functions of chassis Frame Chassis Frame of Jeep
Functions of chassis Frame
Chassis Frame of Jeep

condition.

To carry load of the passengers or goods carried in the body.

To support the load of the body, engine, gear box etc.,

To withstand the forces caused due to the sudden braking or acceleration

To withstand the stresses caused due to the bad road

To withstand centrifugal force while cornering

Types of Automobile chassis frames
Types of Automobile chassis frames

There are three types of frames:

1.Conventional frame:

Conventional

It has two long side members and 5 to 6 cross members joined together with the help of rivets and bolts.

Frame

Frame Sections used in this type of frame;

  • a. Channel Section - Good resistance to bending

  • b. Tabular Section - Good resistance to Torsion

  • c. Box Section - Good resistance to both bending and Torsion

Uses: In Buses ,Trucks , Vans etc

Cont……….

2.Integral type of frame

There is no frame and all the assembly units are attached to the body

All the functions of the frame carried out by the body itself.

Uses; In all Modern Cars,

3.Semi-Integral Frame

In some vehicles half frame is fixed in the front end on which engine gear box and front suspension is mounted.

It has the advantage when the vehicle is met with accident the front frame can be taken easily to replace the damaged chassis frame.

Uses; Tractors , Fiat Cars

2.Integral type of frame • There is no frame and all the assembly units are attached
Detail Procedure  Material Details  Design Details  Manufacturing process  Inspection

Detail Procedure

  • Material Details

  • Design Details

  • Manufacturing process

  • Inspection

Material Details
Material Details

Material selection of frame depends on:

  • Type of Vehicle(Heavy , Light)

  • Chassis Design (Engine Components location)

  • Manufacturing Company

Recommended Materials:

  • Cast Iron (for Heavy Vehicles)

  • HSS ,Steel (Medium , Foreign Vehicles)

  • Aluminum Alloys (Light Vehicles)

Design Details
Design Details

Acting Loads

Load Analysis:

Various loads acting on the frame are;

Short duration Load - While crossing a

broken

patch.

Design Details Acting Loads Load Analysis : Various loads acting on the frame are; Short duration

Momentary duration Load - While taking a

curve.

Impact Loads - Due to the collision of the vehicle.

Inertia Load - While applying brakes. Static Loads - Loads due to chassis parts. Over Loads - Beyond Design capacity.

Frame

Design Details Acting Loads Load Analysis : Various loads acting on the frame are; Short duration

o

o

o

o

o

Manufacturing Process
Manufacturing Process

Drawing Projection

Cutting

Bending

Welding Finishing & Inspection

1. Drawing Projection

Drawing is acquired from design department Marking is done according to design Allowances will be provided Further process will be carried out

Equipments Used Design Software Other tools used in Design Department

2.Cutting

It is process after drawing projection Cutting process is done according to marking

Side members of frame are got by cutting the long beam sections from a raw metal

Equipments Used General cutting Machines Specialized cutting Machines CNC Cutting Machines LAZER Cutting Machines

3.Bending

Bending process is carried out after cutting process Bending is done according to the angle specified.

In frame, bending is done while fitment of cross members.

Equipments Used General bending Machines Specialized bending Machines CNC bending Machines

Field Visit Visit M.M Industrial controls at; private ltd
Field Visit
Visit
M.M Industrial controls
at;
private ltd

Industrial area ,Garag Road

Dharwad

Visit

on;

31/10/2011

Guided

By;

M.Suresh

Engineer

M.M Industries

Industry Details
Industry Details

Organization name :M.M Industries Location : Garag, Industrial Area Type : Manufacturing & Fabrication Headed by :M.M Industrial controls private ltd

Components Manufactured
Components Manufactured

Engine Cover

Earth Movers Cabin Fuel Tanks Silencer Engine Cover

Components Manufactured Engine Cover Earth Movers Cabin Fuel Tanks Silencer Engine Cover

Manufacturing Details

Machines installed in Industry

CNC Laser Cutting Machine(Traumatic L CNC Sheet Metal Cutting Machine CNC Robot Welding Machine Plasma Cutting Machine

Painting Section

3020)

High pressurized Spray Painting Chemical cleaning

Laser Cutting Machine

Laser Cutting Machine Application: Metal cutting with High Accuracy

Application: Metal cutting with High Accuracy

Robot Welding Machine

Robot Welding Machine Application: Welding is done with high Accuracy & less time

Application: Welding is done with high Accuracy & less

time

Bending Machines

Bending Machines Application: Bending is done any angle with accurate Dimensions

Application: Bending is done any angle with accurate Dimensions

Websites: Wikipedia.com Autopictures.com Ask.com Reference Books: Automobile engineering – R.B.Gupta Manufacturing procees – R.K.Jain

Websites:

Wikipedia.com Autopictures.com Ask.com Reference Books:

Websites: Wikipedia.com Autopictures.com Ask.com Reference Books: Automobile engineering – R.B.Gupta Manufacturing procees – R.K.Jain

Automobile engineering R.B.Gupta Manufacturing procees R.K.Jain

Websites: Wikipedia.com Autopictures.com Ask.com Reference Books: Automobile engineering – R.B.Gupta Manufacturing procees – R.K.Jain