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COPPER WIRE TABLE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Gauge Diameter Area Resistance Weight Fusing Bundle Breaking
AWG mils sq. inches ohms Pounds Current Current pounds
(*)
-4 460.0 0.16619 0.049 640 3182.5 214.4 6232
-3 409.6 0.131795 0.062 508 2674.5 170.0 4942
-2 364.8 0.104518 0.078 402 2247.6 134.8 3919
0 324.9 8.29E-02 0.098 319 1888.8 106.9 3108
2 257.6 5.21E-02 0.157 201 1333.9 67.24 1955
4 204.3 3.28E-02 0.249 126 942.0 42.29 1229
6 162.0 2.06E-02 0.396 79.4 665.3 26.60 773
8 128.5 1.30E-02 0.629 49.9 469.8 16.73 486
10 101.9 8.15E-03 1.000 31.4 331.8 10.52 306
12 80.8 5.13E-03 1.591 19.8 234.3 6.62 192
14 64.1 3.23E-03 2.529 12.4 165.5 4.16 121
16 50.8 2.03E-03 4.022 7.81 116.9 2.62 76.1
18 40.3 1.28E-03 6.395 4.91 82.5 1.65 47.8
20 32.0 8.02E-04 10.17 3.09 58.3 1.03 30.1
22 25.3 5.05E-04 16.17 1.94 41.2 0.651 18.9
24 20.1 3.17E-04 25.71 1.22 29.1 0.409 11.9
26 15.9 2.00E-04 40.88 0.77 20.5 0.257 7.48
28 12.6 1.26E-04 65.00 0.48 14.5 0.162 4.71
30 10.0 7.894E-05 103.36 0.30 10.2 0.102 2.96
32 8.0 4.964E-05 164.34 0.19 7.2 0.064 1.86
34 6.3 3.122E-05 261.32 0.12 5.1 0.040 1.17
36 5.0 1.963E-05 415.51 0.076 3.6 0.025 0.74
38 4.0 1.235E-05 660.69 0.048 2.5 0.016 0.46
40 3.1 7.766E-06 1050.5 0.030 1.8 0.010 0.29

(*) Use -4 for 0000 gauge, -3 for 000 gauge, -2 for 00 gauge

Wire Gauge: 10 AWG

Wire Run Length (feet): 100 feet

Wire Current (amperes): 26 amperes

Wire Resistance (ohms) 0.1000 ohms

Wire Weight (pounds) 3.14 pounds

Voltage drop (volts) 2.60 volts

Wire Area (square mils) 8.15 mils

APPROXIMATE Temp Rise (in a small bundle): 22 °F


Valid For #12 through #30, less than 100 amps ONLY. 12 °C
PVC Insulation 15 mils thick.

1. Gauge is American Wire Gauge, sometimes called the Birmingham and Stubbs gauge (B&S gauge)

2 Diameter is the diameter of the wire itself in thousandths of an inch. Values shown are for
SOLID copper wire. Stranded wire will generally be 10% to 15% thicker.

3. Area is the cross sectional area of the wire in square inches. Note that for smaller wire sizes that
the exponential notation is used. For example, AWG 38 wire has an area of 1.24E-5, which is
0.0000124 square inches.

4. Resistance is the resistance in ohms of 1000 feet of wire. To get the resistance per foot, simply
divide the listed number by 1000.

5. Weight is the weight in pounds of 1000 feet of bare wire. To estimate the weight with insulation,
add approximately 25%.

6. Fusing is the current in amperes at which the wire will melt. Note that this is only an approximation
and ambient temperature, proximity to other heat sources, and other factors have not been considered.

7. Bundle is the recommended maximum current for any wire in a small bundle with other wires.
(Compiled from FAA documents and other sources.)

8. Break is the dead-weight breaking strength in pounds.

Brought to you courtesy of RST Engineering, Grass Valley CA 95945 530.272.2203 sales@rst-engr.com