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Art of the Ancient World

Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Eg yptian, & Near Eastern Antiquities

Celebrating our
Volume XXIII - 2012
70th Anniversary

royal-athena galleries
new york london
No. 90 - Art of the Ancient World - Vol. XXIII - January 2012
We are pleased to issue this catalog Every object purchased by our galleries
celebrating our 70th anniversary of dealing in has been legally acquired. If imported by us into
classical numismatics and our 58th year of deal- the United States, we have done so in
ing in ancient art. It illustrates in full color 251 compliance with all federal regulations and have
selected antiquities priced from $1,250 to over given full consideration to all international
$300,000. treaties governing objects of cultural
This publication is one of a continuing series importance. Antiquities priced at $10,000 or
primarily illustrating new acquisitions featured more are now checked and registered with the
in our New York galleries, where over two Art Loss Registry in London.
thousand fine works of art are on permanent All of our objects are clearly labeled with
display. All of the antiquities in this catalog are complete descriptions and prices. Condition
displayed at our New York gallery, the largest reports on all the objects are available upon
and most extensive collection of the ancient request. We encourage browsing and are happy
arts ever exhibited for sale. to assist and advise both the amateur and the
In addition to the many masterworks serious collector. We urge our prospective clients
of ancient art, there is a wide variety of fine to ‘shop around’, for we are proud of our quality,
items on display priced from $100 to $1,000 expertise, and competitive pricing.
and up, including Greek and Roman coins and Appointments may be arranged outside of
Old Master prints and drawings, perfect for the regular gallery hours for clients desiring privacy.
beginning collector or for that very Updated price lists for our catalogs are available
special gift. A few of the pieces illustrated may upon request. For terms and conditions of sale
not be available since they were sold while the see the inside back cover.
catalog was in preparation, but a number of
other newly acquired objects will be on display COVER PHOTOS: no. 41
in our New York gallery and on our website: Set of three Etruscan bronze brazier feet:
www.royalathena.com, updated weekly. Gorgon rising from foliage. Ca. 500-475 BC.
H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm.) ; W. 8 1/2 in. (20.5 cm.)
We unconditionally guarantee the Back cover: no. 19
Important Roman marble Aphrodite (Venus)
authenticity of every work of art 1st Century BC/AD. H. 22 in. (56 cm.)
sold by Royal-Athena Galleries.
Text and catalog design by
©2011 Jerome M. Eisenberg, Inc. Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D.,
Composed and printed in the United States of America. and F. Williamson Price
Photography by Ramon Perez

We will be exhibiting at
BAAF Basel, The Basel Ancient Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland, November 3-9, 2011
TEFAF, The European Fine Arts Fair, Maastricht, The Netherlands, March 16-25, 2012
BAAF Brussels, The Brussels Ancient Art Fair, Brussels, Belgium, June 6-10, 2012
BAAF Basel, The Basel Ancient Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland, November 4-10, 2012
(Check our website to confirm the dates)

royal-athena galleries Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D.


established 1942 Director

153 East 57th Street Royal-Athena at Seaby


New York, NY 10022 VISIT OUR WEBSITE, 14 Old Bond Street
Tel.: (212) 355-2034 updated weekly with London W1S 4PP UK
Fax.: (212) 688-0412 our latest acquisitions: By appointment
ancientart@aol.com www.royalathena.com Tel.: (44) 780-225-8000
Monday-Saturday, 10 - 6 Fax.: (44) 18-8334-4772
Art of the Ancient World
Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Eg yptian, & Near Eastern Antiquities
Volume XXII - 2012

Table of Contents
CLASSICAL ART BYZANTINE ART 64
Greek Marble Sculptures 3 PREHISTORIC OBJECTS 66
Roman Marble Sculptures 7 ANCIENT VARIA 68
Greek Bronze Sculptures 27
Etruscan Bronze Sculptures 28 EGYPTIAN ART
Roman Bronze Sculptures, etc. 32 Egyptian Stone Sculptures and Reliefs 71
Sardinian & Iberian Bronze Sculptures 41 Egyptian Bronze Sculptures 75
Ancient Arms and Armor 42 Egyptian Ushabtis 80
Ancient Terracottas 46 Egyptian Faience 81
Early Greek Vases 50 Egyptian Wood Sculptures 84
Attic Black-figure Vases 50 Egyptian Varia 87
Attic Red-figure Vases 52
South Italian Vases 53 NEAR EASTERN ART 88
Etruscan Vases 57
Celtiberian Vases 60 COLLECTING ANCIENT ART 94
Ancient Glass 61 ROYAL-ATHENA GALLERIES 94
Ancient Jewelry 62 Expertise and Ethics 95
Ancient Varia 68 Royal-Athena Galleries Catalogs Inside back cover
Photo above: Urartian large bronze pectoral with repoussé decoration; detail.
8th-7th Century BC. W. 19 3/4 in. (50.2 cm) P. 89, no. 237.
1
Introduction

As we enter our 58th year of dealing in ancient art we are pleased to present
in our 90th publication an outsatnding selection of antiqiuties assembled primarily
from old collections in the United States and Europe. A large number of these objects
were originally purchased from us over the past several decades and we are delighted to
offer them again to a new generation of enthusiasts.

We have devoted over half a century to selling carefully attributed works of


art with particular attention to their provenance. This diligence has resulted in an
astonishingly low percentage of claims against legal ownership – less than 0.0006% or
one out of every 2000 objects! In view of the increasing legislation being passed in
several countries to restrict the trade in illegally exported antiquities (which we
applaud), we may assure our clients that we continue to proudly conduct a very ethical
business and take all of the proper steps to insure that our inventory is free of any pos-
sible claims.

Our Seventieth Anniversary

It is hard to believe that my father, Samuel A. Eisenberg (1904-1987), and I


started to deal in ancient coins in 1942, as Royal Coin Company in Revere,
Massachusetts. Following my discharge from the army in 1951 (60 years ago!) I
reestablished the business in New York City. While specializing in ancient coins I
began to deal in minor classical antiquities in 1954. Following a world-wide buying
trip in 1958, including significant purchases in Egypt, I officially established Royal-
Athena Galleries and issued my first catalog devoted to antiquities – all from Egypt –
in 1959. In the next three years three more catalogs were published – all devoted to
Egyptian and Near Eastern antiquities. In 1965 I published the first volume of Art of
the Ancient World that now included an extensive selection of Greek, Etruscan, and
Roman works of art. For over 35 years 21 additional volumes of Art of the Ancient
World have been published, on an annual basis since 1999, not including our five spe-
cial catalogs devoted to ancient vases, classical bronzes, and arms and armor (see inside
back cover).

It is difficult to estimate the total number of antiquities Royal-Athena has


sold – our computerized records go back less than 30 years, but the number is certainly
in excess of 50,000. From 1958 to 1965 we officially exported some 24,000 antiqui-
ties from Egypt alone! How many countless thousands have enjoyed our ancient trea-
sures in both museums and private collections?

Therefore, it is with great pride and delight that we celebrate our 70th year!

Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph. D.

2
Greek Marble Sculptures

1 ARCHAIC GREEK MARBLE STELE SECTION, probably Attic, depicting in relief a helmeted warrior on horseback
facing left. Ca. 480 BC. W. 10 1/2 in. (26.5 cm.); H. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm.) Ex collection of Charles Gillet, Lausanne,
Switzerland, acquired in 1965; Swiss private collection 1975-2010. Archaic reliefs are rarely offered for sale.

In the 6th and 5th century BC aristocratic families in all Greek cities and their colonies erected lavish funerary monuments
in private burial grounds along the roadside on the family estate. Each had an inscribed base with an epitaph, often in
verse that memorialized the dead. A relief depicting a generalized image of the deceased sometimes evoked aspects of the
person's life, with the addition of a servant, possessions, dog, etc. Here we have a seasoned warrior, bearded and confidently
mounted on his horse, staring into his future life. The pyramidal top suggests the roof of the naiskos or shrine in which the
deceased is usually represented. This custom persisted until 317 BC, when in Athens funerary legislation was passed that
placed limits on the amount of money one could spend on these monuments.
3
2 AN IMPORTANT HELLENISTIC
MARBLE STATUE OF THE NUDE
APHRODITE, (VENUS), the goddess of
erotic love and beauty, reaching down in
the pose of unfastening her sandal. Her
head is turned to the right and her hair
is tied on top of her head.
After a 3rd Century BC prototype.
Ca. 2nd Century BC.
H. 14 1/2 in. (36.8 cm.)
Ex Harounoff Family collection,
Europe, 1950s.

4
Aphrodite statues of this type were popular
in Asia Minor, the Greek islands, and
Roman Egypt (see M. Bieber, The
Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age, New
York, 1961, p. 99). For related examples see
A. Adriani, Repertorio d'Arte dell'Egitto
Greco-Romano, vol. II, pls. 58, figs. 179-
182, and pl. 59, figs. 183-184, J. Marcadé,
Au Musée de Délos, Paris, 1969, p. 509,
pl. XLVII, and M. Bieber, op. cit., fig. 394.
For a discussion of the prototype and a list
of other examples see D. Brinkerhoff,
Hellenistic Statues of Aphrodite, New
York and London, 1978, pp. 70-97.

5
3 HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT Sensitively carved of fine grain white marble
with his gaze directed slightly to the left. Ca. 2nd Century BC. H. 3 1/2 (9 cm.) Ex collection F. Antonovich, Paris;
M. S. collection, Scarsdale, NY. Published: Metamorphoses Divines d’Alexandre, Paris, 1996, no. 2: J. Eisenberg,
Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIII (2002), no. 3.
4 HELLENISTIC MARBLE FEMALE HEAD Probably of a goddess or Ptolemaic queen, her head turned to her
right, her softly curving neck with Venus rings, her centrally parted wavy hair is bound with a diadem.
3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.3 cm.) Ex Israeli private collection, 1970s.

5 LATE HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF APHRODITE


Her hairstyle is composed of long wavy wisps bound with a
cord and pulled into a chignon in the back. The oval face with
almond-shaped eyes and the mouth with a smile.
1st Century BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.)
Ex French collection, Nice, acquired in the 1960s;
private collection, Paris.

6 EAST GREEK MARBLE STELE FOR DYNTONOMOS


divided into two recessed panels sculpted in raised relief;
the upper with a scene of a funerary banquet, the heroized
deceased man reclining on a couch, supporting his weight
on his left elbow on a cushion, holding a cup in his left
hand, his right arm resting on his right side, wearing a
sleeved chiton and a himation gathered in twisted folds at
his waist and over his left shoulder, a woman seated on the
couch at his feet, wearing a chiton and a himation,
wrapped over her head as a veil to convey mourning, her
feet resting on a foot stool, a tripod table before them, with
two diminutive figures below, a female to the left holding a
lidded cista, a youth to the right; the lower panel with an
equestrian scene, the man wearing a himation falling
against the horse's side, holding the reins firmly, the horse
prancing with its left front hoof raised, the back left leg
advanced, the tail raised, with an attendant to the left.
A Greek inscription incised below the architrave reads:
"Dyntonomos, son of Dionysos.”
Late 3rd-early 2nd Century BC. H. 30 3/8 in. (77.2
cm.); W. 12 1/8 in. (30.8 cm.)
Ex Italo Vecchi, London, 1969.

6
Roman Marble
Sculptures

7 IMPORTANT ROMAN MARBLE


STATUE OF A YOUNG DIONYSOS
with masses of long curly hair bound with a
fillet; wearing a goat or fawn skin about his
neck, filled with fruit, which he holds up
with his left hand. Lacking legs.
2nd Century AD.
H. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm.)
Ex private collection, Southwestern France,
acquired in the mid-1990s.

7
8 IMPORTANT ROMAN MARBLE
TORSO OF MELEAGER, nude but
for a chlamys draped around his neck.
After a 4th century BC prototype by
Scopas. 1st Century AD.
H. 28 1/2 in. (72.5 cm.)
Ex A.D. collection, Paris, acquired in
the early 1970s.

Meleager, an Argonaut, son of Oeneus,


King of Calydon, killed the Calydonian
boar.

8
9 IMPORTANT ROMAN MARBLE MITHRAS TAUROCTONOS The young Eastern sun god stands with his
weight on his right leg, his left advancing, He wears a chiton with a chlamys pinned on his right shoulder, and the
traditional Phrygian cap over tiered curls. In his missing raised right hand he originally held a knife to slay the bull
that represented primeval chaos.

Mithras slaying the bull is usually represented in large marble reliefs such as those in the Virginia Museum of Fine
Arts and the Cincinnati Art Museum, both of which were acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries.

2nd Century AD. H. 20 7/8 in. (53 cm.)


Ex French collection, acquired on the European market ca. 1985.

9
10
ROMAN MARBLE TORSO OF A
YOUNG BOY, probably Eros, depicted
nude, with a softly modeled plump
body, standing with the weight on the
right leg.
1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 10 1/2 in. (27 cm.)
Ex collection of Sir Daniel Donohue,
Villa San Giuseppe, Los Angeles,
acquired before 1968.

11
ROMAN MARBLE PRIAPUS
Standing, wearing a short himation,
lifting up the hem to reveal his
extended phallus.
1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 6 in. (15.2 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection, 1970s.

10
12 ROMAN MARBLE STATUE OF A NUDE YOUNG BOY, possibly a representation of Eros.
1st-2nd Century AD. H. 26 1/8 in. (66.4 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in 1973.

11
13
ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A BEARDED
GOD OR HERO modeled with a prominent
brow, the almond-shaped eyes with defined lids,
the lips parted, his hair center-parted and spiral-
ing from the crown in thick waves.
1st Century AD. H. 5 1/2 in. (13.9 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection, 1970s.
14
ROMAN MARBLE HERM HEAD OF A
BEARDED GOD 1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. P.,
Poitier, France, acquired before 1980.
15
ROMAN MARBLE PORTRAIT OF A
BEARDED MALE in middle age with a care-
worn yet intense gaze. Later 3rd Century AD.
H. 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.)
Ex American collection, acquired before 1970.
16
LARGE ROMAN MARBLE JANIFORM HERM
OF HERMES (MERCURY) AS PATRON OF
MERCHANTS AND COMMERCE Both sides
show over-lifesize youthful depictions of the god, the
eyes articulated and gazing to his right, with feath-
ered wings emerging from curly hair, bound with a
twisted fillet, the ties falling at his shoulders; the
busts emerging from a column with pilasters to
either side and an abacus above. 2nd Century AD.
H. 17 in. (43.3 cm.) Ex Fazel collection,
England, early 1970s; European private collection,
1986.
12
13
14
17
ROMAN MARBLE OVER-LIFESIZE PORTRAIT
HEAD OF CLODIUS ALBINUS (ROMAN
EMPEROR, AD 193-197) OR A CONTEMPO-
RARY with thick curly bifurcated beard and mus-
tache, the eyes set back beneath the heavy brow, with
crescentic pupils and drilled tear-ducts, his hair spi-
raling from the crown in luxuriant waves and fram-
ing the face in thick curls. Ca. AD 195-220 .
H. 13 in. (33 cm.) Ex Collection of Robert B.
Nevin (1925-2006), California, acquired in the
1970s.
18
ROMAN MARBLE PORTRAIT HEAD OF THE
EMPEROR AURELIAN, AD 270-275
The face is marked by strict traits: the cheeks are hollow
with salient cheekbones; short hair, mustache and beard,
directly incised on the surface of the stone.
Ca. AD 270-275. H. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm.)
Ex old Belgian collection, ca. 1989.
The forehead is engraved with horizontal and vertical
wrinkles, and the eminent eyebrows are also engraved to
mark the hairiness. The foundation of the neck is round-
ed up for insertion onto a torso or a statue.

Aurelian successfully reunited the Roman Empire by


defeating the Alemanni, the Goths, Vandals, Sarmatians,
and the Gallic Empire in the west and the Palmyrene
Empire in the east. He thus gained the title ‘Restorer of
the World.’ His portraits are rare.
15
19
IMPORTANT ROMAN MARBLE APHRODITE
(VENUS) standing nude to the waist and right hip,
her lower torso and legs loosely wrapped in her hima-
tion. Her left leg is raised upon a rocky outcrop hid-
den beneath the drapery and she leans forward resting
her left forearm on her left knee. Sensitively carved
from Greek island marble probably from Thasos.
1st Century BC/AD. H. 22 in. (56 cm.)
Ex collection of J-P. Mariaud de Serres, Paris, France,
acquired before 2000.

16
17
20 ROMAN MARBLE STATUE OF APHRODITE AND
EROS The goddess nude, standing on an integral base,
holding drapery around her lower body with her right hand,
drapery over her left arm, her left hand clasping a mirror,
wearing a high crescentic diadem; at her side Eros with an
upstretched right hand, a torch in this left hand.
1st-2nd Century AD. H. 11 3/8 in. (28.8 cm.)
Ex English collection, acquired prior to 2000.

21 ROMAN MARBLE APHRODITE (VENUS) Standing,


clasping her himation with one hand and holding a 'hand
garland' with the other, wearing a diadem, the wavy hair
tied back in a chignon.
Syria, 2nd Century AD. H. 11 1/2 in. (29 cm.)
Ex private collection, Beverly Hills, California,
formed before 1975.

22 ROMAN MARBLE DRAPED GODDESS


standing in relaxed pose, her left hand on her left hip; head
lacking. 2nd Century AD. H. 18 in. (45.7 cm.)
Ex S.B. collection, San Diego, California.

23 ROMAN MARBLE LOWER HALF OF APHRODITE


KALLIPYGOS, the goddess lifting her garment to expose her
nude posterior. 1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 14 3/4 in. (37.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
Based upon a Greek original ca. 300 BC.
Cf. for the type: Naples Museum, no. 288, published: S.
Reinach, Repertoire de la Statuaire Grecque et Romaine,
vol. I, 1916, p.328, fig. 611.

18
24
ROMAN MARBLE STATUE OF AN EMPRESS
AS A GODDESS, possibly Faustina II, standing in
a relaxed pose, her weight on her right foot. She
wears the stola and palla worn capite velato over a
diadem.
2nd half of the 2nd Century AD.
H. 33 in. (85 cm.)
Ex European collection, 1980s.

Faustina II (d. AD 175) was the wife of the Roman


emperor Marcus Aurelius (AD 161-180) and was
often depicted as a goddess in statuary.

19
25
ROMAN MARBLE OVER-LIFESIZE
HEAD OF A GODDESS, her head
slightly turned to the left, with articu-
lated eyes and bow-shaped lips, wavy
hair deeply drilled, centrally parted and
tied in a large chignon; wearing a high
crescentic diadem with scalloped edge.
Late 2nd Century AD.
H. 13 in. (33 cm.)
Ex English private collection, pre-2000.

26
ROMAN OVER-LIFESIZE MARBLE
HEAD OF TYCHE, the goddess of
fortune and destiny, wearing a mural
crown; from a relief. After a 4th
Century BC Greek prototype.
1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 13 in. (33 cm.)
Ex English collection.

20
O ur Intern et New sletter

We are now issuing an online


newsletter every month or two
with a selection of our latest
acquisitions to supplement this
catalog and our website.
If you are not receiving it please
send a request with
your email address to:
ancientart@aol.com

21
27 ROMAN MONUMENTAL
MARBLE RIGHT FOREARM
probably from a statue of a deity or
emperor. The fingers are partially
open; a cylindrical bridge between
the thumb and forefinger.
1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 20 1/2 in. (52 cm.)
Very fine style. Ex English private
collection, acquired in the 1980s.

28 ROMAN MARBLE LIFESIZE FORE


ARM HOLDING A BATON
of office; from a statue.
1st -3rd Century AD.
H. 10 7/8 in. (27.5 cm.)
Ex French collection.

A short, heavy, white baton was the


symbol of the imperial mandate given
to a Roman military legate. He held it
high proclaiming "above your head
and mine" to represent the emperor.

22
29
ROMAN LARGE MARBLE MONOPODIUM:
WINGED LION-GRIFFIN PROTOME ON LION’S
LEG Ca. AD 120-150.
H. 34 3/4 in. (86 cm.); D. 20 in. (51 cm.)
H. of head 7 in. (18 cm.)
Ex Philippe Heldman collection, acquired in Paris in
1970.

For a discussion of furniture supports, see C. Vermeule,


"Bench and Table Supports: Roman Egypt and Beyond"
in W.K. Simpson and W. Davis, eds., Studies in Ancient
Egypt, the Aegean and the Sudan, Essays in Honor of
Dows Dunham on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday,
June 1, 1980, Boston, 1981.

23
30 ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF OF A RECLINING BEARDED MALE, knees slightly bent, supporting his
half-raised torso on his right arm, and wearing a very loose chiton. His left arm is raised languidly behind
his head as he looks sleepily downward and to the left; behind him and by his side, his hound reclines stretch-
ing his legs forward as his head pulls up and back. 2nd Century AD. L. 13 3/4 in. (35 cm.)
From a sarcophagus. Ex collection of J-P. Mariaud de Serres, Paris, France.

31 ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF SECTION DEPICTING A CAPRICORN, a mythical animal with the
foreparts of a goat and the body and tail of a fish. From a sarcophagus; a partial inscription remaining:
EREBAT. Late 2nd Century AD. L. 17 in. (43 cm.) Ex collection of J-P. Mariaud de Serres, Paris, France.

24
32 ROMAN MARBLE RECTANGULAR OSCILLUM: NUDE DIONYSOS AND AMPELOS
The bearded god of wine having over-imbibed, holds a rhyton (wine cup) in his right hand, a
chlamys over his shoulder. His nude companion, the young satyr Ampelos, supports him while stroking
a panther. Rev: Two Erotes on a dolphin.
Ca. 3rd Century AD. L. 18 1/8 in. ( 46 cm) x 12 1/4 in. (31 cm.)
Ex Nicholas Koutoulakis, Paris, 1970s; thence by descent.

25
33 ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF OF A BOAR HUNT, possibly of the Calydonian boar with Meleager
advancing on his quarry with a spear as mountain goats leap about him in panic; from a sarcophagus.
2nd-3rd Century AD. L. 19 3/4 in. (50 cm.); H. 13 3/8 in. ( 34 cm.) Ex French collection.

34 ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF SECTION: THREE HUMOROUS NUDE FIGURES engaged in some sort of
activity, raising a pole(?); one kneels bearing the weight on his shoulders while the other two lend support, the
one at left kneeling on a box (?). Possibly a depiction of erotes preparing to press grapes or olives.
2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 6 in. (15.5 cm.); L. 12 in. (31 cm.) Ex collection of Sir Daniel Donohue,
Villa San Giuseppe, Los Angeles, California, acquired before 1968.

26
Greek Bronze Sculptur es
35
GREEK LATE GEOMETRIC BRONZE APPLIQUE OF A
SEATED MAN wearing a long garment with short sleeves.
The back of the large head is bald; the arms are raised to
shoulder-level. Possibly a charioteer.
Peloponnese, ca. 700-650 BC. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.)
Ex Sotheby's New York, May 29, 1987, no. 76, previously
from Mathias Komor, New York.
Cf. also with regard to the posture and function, a bronze
statuette of a man from Sparta ( W. Lamb, Greek and
Roman Bronzes, 1929, 77, pl. 23a). For the style cf. a male
statuette from Arcadia (J. Dörig, Art Antique, 1975, no.
183 with illus.). Certain stylistic elements are comparable
with an earlier dated pair of statuettes of Zeus and Hera, pos-
sibly from Olympia, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, inv. no.
63.2755, (Boston Bronzes Catalog - 1971, 4, no. 2 with
illus.). If the man's left hand is interpreted as a fist, he possi-
bly represents a charioteer who holds the reins in his left
hand. If it is interpreted as a stump, the man could represent
an invalid, the figure given as a votive gift to a healing god.
36
HELLENISTIC BRONZE NUDE DISCOBOLOS Posed in the iconic stance, about to let loose his discus.
2nd-1st Century BC. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Ex private French collection formed before 1980.
37
HELLENISTIC BRONZE ACTOR WITH THE MASK OF A SLAVE He wears a short belted chiton, with a
cloak draped over his left shoulder. His hands are folded in front, over his belly. His head is slightly turned to the
right; on integrally cast pedestal base. 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (59.8 cm.) Ex Private collection,
Luxembourg, acquired before 1980. The three most famous and best known playwrights of the New Comedy were
Menander, Philemon and Diphilus. These comedies tended to be more about the fears and foibles of the ordinary
man, his personal relationships, family life and social mishaps rather than politics and public life.

27
Etru scan Bronze
Sculptures

38
ETRUSCAN BRONZE VOTIVE
OF THE GODDESS TURAN, her
hair in long braids, standing upon
a circular base, with her hands
outstretched. Rare type.
Ca. 625-600 BC.
H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.)
Ex Pino Donati, Lugano,
Switzerland, 1990.
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the
Ancient World, vol. VII, 1992,
no. 84. Cf. Florence Museum, no.
8.

39
ETRUSCAN BRONZE STRIDING NUDE KOUROS Early 5th Century BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm.)
Ex collections of E. DeKolb, New York; B. Bandy Rochester, Michigan. Exhibited: Kresge Art Gallery, Michigan
State University, 1985-2002. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol, XIV, 2003, no. 39.
40
THREE ETRUSCAN BRONZE DANCING NUDE MALE FIGURES Each with their arms raised, one kneel-
ing to the left, another to the right, and one with both legs spread; a perforated tenon below for attachment to a
tripod or bowl. Chiusi, ca. 520 BC. H. Each: 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, Charlottesville VA.
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. V, 1988, no. 24. The figures between the horse-protomes
above the legs of a tripod from Vulci in the British Museum, although female and moving from left to right, are
posed in similar fashion: cf. G. Giglioli, L’Arte Etrusca, Milan, 1935, pl. CII, fig.1.

28
41
SET OF THREE ETRUSCAN BRONZE BRAZIER FEET: GORGON RISING FROM FOLIAGE,
Her arms are wide spread and her hair trails their full length. Her mouth is open and her tongue protrudes.
Chiusi workshop, ca. 500-475 BC. H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm.) x W. 8 1/2 in. (20.5 cm.) Choice and rare.
One ex Leo Mildenberg collection, acquired in the 1960s; two ex private collection, Ticino, Switzerland, acquired
in the 1960s. The feet were originally attached by rivets to a brazier of hammered bronze. From the solid-cast,
claw-shaped foot rises a flat, calyx-like support with two lateral protuberances, surmounted by the bust of a Gorgon
in low relief. She has female breasts and wears a smooth sleeved chiton. On each outstretched arm rests a long tress
of her wavy hair, finely corrugated and incised with parallel lines. Above her mask-like face the hair is parted in
the center and hangs in a crescent shape over her temples. She has asymmetric, strongly outlined eyes, full cheeks, a
gaping mouth with a lolling, grooved tongue and protruding ears with earrings.
Similar pieces are preserved in London (British Museum, no. 47.8-6.145), Berlin (Berlin, 1968, 93, Fr.1516),
Marseilles (Musée Borély, nos. 812, 813), Paris (Louvre, de Ridder 1913, nos 2602, 2603) and Chiusi (MonAnt
30, 1925, 466, fig. 68). The bronzes have been ascribed by K.A. Neugebauer to a Chiusine workshop which, dur-
ing the first half of the fifth century, produced braziers, each with three feet in the form of Gorgons or winged crea-
tures. (Compare the brazier from La Boncia in the Museo Archeologico, Florence: Milan, 1912, pl. 88, I).

29
42
ETRUSCAN BRONZE CANDELABRUM. The finial is in the form
of a couple arm in arm on a pedestal base with beading on its upper
edge, the figures looking towards each other, stepping forward, with
their outer arms akimbo. The tripod base is formed of three lion paws,
each on a circular pad, with palmettes at the juncture of the legs, a
knob with drop-shaped protrusions along its perimeter at the join to
the tall faceted shaft, the lowest part of the shaft incised with overlap-
ping petals, surmounted by a spool from which project four branches,
each terminating in a lotus blossom.
Ca. 450 BC. H. 45 3/4 in. (116.3 cm.)
Ex private collection, southern France, acquired in the late 19th-early
20th century; thence by descent.
For a similar candelabrum finial with a couple arm in arm, see G.Q.
Giglioli, L’Arte Etrusca, Milan, 1935, pl. CCXIV, 2 (Berlin).

43
ETRUSCAN BRONZE NUDE WARRIOR HOLDING A
SACRIFICIAL HARE. wearing a negau helmet, a cloak over his left
shoulder and wrapped around his left forearm. On his extended left
hand crouches a hare; in his right hand, the remains of a dagger.
Fine olive green patina. Superb style. Possibly unique.
4th Century BC. H. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex Old Belgian collection.
It has been suggested that this is a representation of Turms (Hermes)
Cf. a cornelian scarab in Copenhagen where Turms holds a fawn , P.
Zazoff, Etruskische Skarabaen, Mainz, 1968, no. 33, pl. 12, 33.

Hunting hares was a popular sport among young men, and a votive that
included a hare was not an inappropriate gift to a hunting companion.
30
31
44 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE APOLLO WITH LEFT FOOT ON OMPHALOS, the navel-stone of the earth.
Anatolia, 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm.) Exhibited: Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University,
1990-1994. Ex American private collection, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1990. Published: J. Eisenberg,
Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII, 2001, no. 82.
45 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE HERAKLES HOLDING A KANTHAROS, in his outstretched right hand.
The hero stands in a relaxed walking pose, a rolled fillet crowning his curly hair. 1st Century AD.
H. 3 3/8 in. (8.5 cm.) Ex private French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol.
XVI, 2006, no. 47.

Roman Bronze Sculptures


46
ROMANO-CELTIC BRONZE STANDING DEITY,
perhaps Balor as Herakles, depicted nude, with a tri-
angular face, the club of Herakles in his lowered right
hand, the lionskin hanging over his left arm, held
forth with his hand gripping a now-missing attribute,
perhaps a bow.

1st Century AD. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.)


Ex English collection; John W. Kluge
collection, Charlottesville, Virginia, acquired from
Royal-Athena in 1990. Published: C. Vermeule and
J. Eisenberg, Catalogue of the Greek, Etruscan, and
Roman Bronzes in the Collection of John Kluge,
New York and Boston, 1992, no. 90-13.

This bronze depicts a conflation of the Celtic god


Balor and Herakles. Balor was notable for his single
Evil Eye, which could kill anyone who looked upon it.
32
Our stock of ancient bronzes
numbers over 300
museum quality examples.
For an overview consult our
recent catalogues, visit our
New York gallery, or go to:
www.royalathena.com

47 ROMAN BRONZE DIONYSOS


(BACCHUS) The god of wine,
intricately crafted, nude but for a
nebris draped over his shoulder; in his
hair a wreath of grapes and leaves.
The kantharos lacking; right foot
restored. 1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 5 in. (12.5 cm)
Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

48 ROMAN BRONZE HERAKLES BIBAX


The nude hero standing with his weight
on his right foot, a lionskin over his left
shoulder, a knopped club in his left hand,
his extending right hand possibly once
holding a kantharos, his wavy hair
bound with a diadem.
H. 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm.)
Ex Lord McAlpine collection, England,
1980s; John W. Kluge collection,
Charlottesville, Virginia. Published:
J. Eisenberg, Gods & Mortals, 1989,
no. 86.
33
49
ROMAN BRONZE ALEXANDER THE GREAT
WEARING ARMOR over a chiton, a chlamys over his
left forearm, and holding a phiale in his right hand; his
unruly hair bound with a wreath. 1st-3rd Century AD.
H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Ex English private collection.

50
ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE OF A LICTOR
in the costume of his office: a fringed mantle over
a short tunic, holding the fasces, a symbol of the Roman
Republic. 1st half of 1st Century AD.
H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex P. Donati, Lugano,
Switzerland, 1988. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the
Ancient World, vol. VII, 1992, no. 112. Cf. similar in
Staatliche Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Roemisches im
Antikenmuseum, no. 45. The fasces was a bundle of
white birch rods, tied together with a red leather ribbon
into a cylinder, and often including a bronze axe with the
blade on the side, projecting from the bundle, representing
the power of the state over life and death.

51
ROMAN BRONZE KNEELING NUDE ATLAS
his arms raised to support the sky.
1st-3rd Century AD. H. 2 7/8 in. (7.2 cm.)
Ex German collection.

34
52
ROMAN BRONZE NUDE APHRODITE
(VENUS) WEARING A CROWN AND
HOLDING EROS on her extended left palm,
and a pomegranate in her upraised right
hand; on original base.
Later 2nd Century AD.
H. 9 5/8 in. (24 cm.)
Ex Louis de Clercq collection, Paris, 1836-
1901; The Eros is ancient but not shown in
A. de Ridder, Collections de Clercq, III, Les
Bronzes, Paris, the catalog of de Clercq’s col-
lection published in 1905.

35
53
ROMAN BRONZE DEEP APPLIQUE BUST
OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT, his hair
arranged with the characteristic anastole.
2nd Century AD. H. 5 7/8 in. (14.9 cm.)
Ex collection of B.H.S., St, Petersburg, Florida,
formed in the 1950s-early 1970s.

54
ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE BUST OF A
WARRIOR, POSSIBLY MARK ANTONY,
emerging from openwork foliate scrolls, seven
incised ears of wheat at the centre below, wearing
a crested helmet over luxurious curling hair, head
turned slightly to the left, with pierced eyes and
fleshy lips, plunging an eagle-headed dagger into
his right breast.
1st-2nd Century AD. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm.)
Ex collection of a Greek archaeologist, pre-1950.

55
ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE BUST OF
HERAKLES EMERGING FROM A PALMETTE,
the hero bearded and wrapped in a lionskin; prob-
ably from a carriage. 2nd Century AD.
H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex collection of
J-P. Mariaud de Serres, Paris, France.

36
56 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE
APHRODITE (VENUS),
HOLDING AN APPLE
in her raised left hand and a
butterfly in her lowered right.
Ex Louis de Clercq collection,
Paris, 1836-1901. Published.: A.
de Ridder, Collections de Clercq,
III, Les Bronzes, Paris, 1905, no.
125, pl. 27,2; S. Reinach,
Répertoire de la Statuaire
Grecque et Romaine, vol. IV,
Paris, 1910, p. 209, 2.

57 ROMAN BRONZE LIFE-SIZE LEFT FOREARM OF A WOMAN wearing a twisted movable bracelet,
dressed with a pleated veil on the upper part of the arm. Ca. 3rd Century AD. L. 13 3/4 in. (35 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection acquired in the 1970s.

58 ROMAN BRONZE LIFE-SIZE BRONZE ARM FROM A STATUE OF A YOUTH, his hand partially
open in a graceful pose and expressive gesture and probably once holding an attribute. Naturalistic detail-
ing of the fingers and fingernails. Ca. 1st Century AD. L. 17 5/8 in. (44.8 cm.) Ex Spink & Son Ltd.,
London, 1960; Sotheby's, New York, May 30, 1986, lot 49; New York private collection.

37
59
ROMAN BRONZE WAGON FITTING WITH
THE BUST OF HERAKLES between two heads
of swans. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 4 3/8 in.
(11 cm.) Ex private collection, Luxembourg,
acquired before 1980. Cf. Mann und Ross und
Wagen, exhibition catalog, Munich, 1986, 59.

Bro nz e A nim al
Sculptures

60
GREEK GEOMETRIC BRONZE BULL
Olympia, ca. 9th Century BC.
L. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex Jean-Marie Talleux
Collection, Grand Fort Philippe, France; acquired
in Paris, December 1995.

61
VILLANOVAN BRONZE FINIAL WITH
FOUR STYLIZED HORSE-HEAD
PROTOMES, supported on two legs.
8th century BC. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm.)
Ex Shelby White and Leon Levy collection,
New York. Exhibited and published,
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Glories of the Past,
1991, no. 79; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient
World, vol. X, 1999, no. 42.

62
ETRUSCAN BRONZE RECUMBENT LION
with open mouth and collar-like mane, the
extended tail curled up.
5th Century BC. L. 2 in. (5 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection. Acquired from J. J.
Klejman, New York, in 1961 and accompanied by
a copy of the original invoice
Bronze Mirr ors
and Vessels

63
HELLENISTIC BRONZE
CIRCULAR MIRROR COVER:
EROS AND PSYCHE seated upon
a rock, their bodies turned out but
their heads facing, The goddess at
right wearing a chiton and a flow-
ing himation and love’s messenger
nude at right; the back of the mirror
is Roman.
3rd Century BC.
Diam. 5 in. (12.5 cm.)
Ex collection of Dr. P., Poitier,
France, acquired before 1980.

64
HELLENISTIC BRONZE CIRCULAR HAND MIRROR: ADONIS AND APHRODITE
Engraved with a nude youth, Adonis, escorted by Eros, who lays himself between the limbs of his lover, Aphrodite.
3rd Century BC. Diam. 6 1/4 in. (15.8 cm.) Ex British private collection, acquired in the 1970s-80s.
65
GREEK BRONZE TREFOIL OINOCHOE Probably Lydian, with splayed foot engraved with tongues, piriform
body, tapering neck with raised collar and high strap handle with rosette engraved rotelles. Base repaired in
antiquity. Late 7th-6th Century BC. H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) Ex S.B. collection, San Diego, California.

39
66 ROMAN SILVER STEMLESS SKYPHOS with a hemispheric body, slightly domed foot and two annular
handles topped by a shaped thumb piece. 1st Century BC/AD.
D. 3 5/8 in. (9.2 cm.); W. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.); H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Ex French collection.

67 ROMAN BRONZE DEEP DISH IN THE FORM OF A STYLIZED


SCALLOP SHELL Of hammered bronze sheet, the interior recessed at
the center, forming a circular foot for the vessel outside.
1st-2nd Century AD. Diam. 6 1/8 in. (15.8 cm.) Ex Swiss collection.

68 ROMAN BRONZE SIMPULUM (ritualistic ladle) The handle is deco-


rated with a protome of a gazelle. 1st-3rd Century AD.
L. 10 1/2 in. (26.6 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. Silver for the
Gods, Toledo, 1977, p. 46, no. 15.

69 ROMAN BRONZE BALSAMARIUM IN THE FORM OF A FOOT


2nd Century AD. H. 3 7/8 in. (10 cm.); L. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.)
Ex private collection, Bavaria, acquired before 2001.
Attractive green patina; part of the chain missing.

40
70 PREHISTORIC SARDINIAN BRONZE WARRIOR with elaborate headdress. Part of bow over shoulder,
quiver on back. Nuraghic Period, ca. 8th Century BC. H. 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm.) Ex private collection,
Geneva, Switzerland; acquired in 1990. Rare.
71 PREHISTORIC SARDINIAN BRONZE WARRIOR with horned helmet. Bow over shoulder, quiver case
on back. Nuraghic Period, ca. 8th Century BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex private collection, Geneva,
Switzerland; acquired in 1990. Rare.
72 PREHISTORIC SARDINIAN BRONZE WARRIOR wearing a horned helmet and a short V-neck tunic,
with a high layered collar, with a quiver hanging down his back, his fragmentary bow over his left shoulder,
his long oval face with pellet eyes and a long slender nose merging with his overhanging brows.
9th-8th Century BC. H. 4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm.) Ex English collection; John Kluge collection. Rare. For the
type see no. 92 in J. Thimme, Kunst und Kultur Sardiniens vom Neolithikum bis zum Ende der
Nuraghenzeit, Karlsruhe, 1980.

S ardi nian & Iberian


Bronze Sculptures

73 IBERIAN BRONZE NUDE KOUROS,


hands at his sides and wearing a cap.
5th-4th Century BC.
H. 4 5/8 in. (12.3 cm.)
Ex Dr. P. collection, Poitier, France,
acquired before 1980.

74 IBERIAN BRONZE PRIAPUS


wearing a hooded coat and holding a
grouping of food in the front fold of the
garment that is raised to show his large
phallus. 3rd-1st Century BC.
H. 2 1/2 in. (6.5 cm)
Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

41
Anci ent
Arms &
Ar mor

75 EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE SCHALENKNAUF-TYPE SWORD Heavily ridged, leaf


shaped blade with fine incised geometric ornamentation on both sides, the point slightly shortened.
Riveted grip cast in one piece with a large bowl-shaped pommel.
Ca. 1500-1200 BC. L. 26 3/4 in. (68 cm.) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

76 MIDDLE EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE DONAULAND-TYPE BRONZE SWORD, the two-edged


blade with a bulging middle rib. A flat punched hilt tongue with beveled edges; at the crossing are eight
punched holes. Ca. 1200 - 800 BC. L. 23 5/8 in. (60 cm.) Ex German collection.
Cf. P. Schauer, “Die Schwerter in Süddeutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz” I, Prähistorische
Bronzefunde, IV 2, 1971, pl. 90f, no. 592.

77 LATE EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE SWORD Slender double-edged blade with a broad semi-
circular mid rib on both sides. Four holes at the base; the baluster-shaped tang with one fixation hole and
narrow flanges along its sides. Ca. 1000 BC. L. 16 1/4 in. (41.5 cm.) Ex German collection.

78 LATE BRONZE AGE OR EARLY CELTIC BRONZE DAGGER with openwork serpentine handle.
Ca. 900-600 BC. L. 13 1/8 in. (33.3 cm.) Ex collection of Lord McAlpine of West Green, England;
J.P.A. de W., Scarsdale, N.Y., 1989-1994, acquired from Royal-Athena; O.A.V. collection, Madrid and
Caracas, 1995-2010. Rare type. Fine green patina.

79 EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE LARGE BRONZE SPEAR HEAD with so-called Tiber patina (water
patina). Wide blade with strong, triple middle rib, in the crossing to the spout decoration with
ornamental ribs; round, conical shaft. Urn Fields Culture, ca. 1500- 1200 BC. L. 14 in. (35.5 cm.)
Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

42
80
CORINTHIAN BRONZE
HELMET, Second type, with
almond-shaped eye cut-outs,
spoon-shaped nose-guard, a
sweeping skirt and riveted edges.
1st half of the 6th Century BC.
H. 10 7/8 in. (27.5 cm.)
Ex German private collection,
acquired in the 1970s.
Cf. H. Pflug, Antike Helme,
1988, p/. 76ff, esp. fig. 24-25,
405ff, cat. no. 27.
The right cheekpiece and nose-
guard appear to have been bent
upwards in ancient times, in the
traditional sacrificial attitude and
returned to their original position,
probably after excavation. The
cheekpiece in question has a
repaired lateral crack no doubt
due to the stress of this movement.
In addition there are several,
restored, nickel-sized holes in the
back probably from when it was
affixed to a temple wall or monu-
ment.

81
ETRUSCO-ROMAN BRONZE
MONTEFORTINO HELMET,
TYPE A (Robinson), featuring
an elegant domed body with a
circular knob, separately cast crest
attachment, and incised decora-
tion around the rim and on the
projecting rear neck guard.
Tiber patina. This was a helmet
type used by soldiers in the Roman
Republican army.
Ca. 350-290 BC.
H. 10 1/2 in. (26.6 cm.)
Ex M.H. collection, NY, acquired
in Rome in 1953.

This type of helmet derives from


Celtic types and was in use from
the late fourth through the 2nd
centuries BC. For a discussion of
this type and similar examples see
A. Bottini et al., Antike Helme,
Mainz, 1988, pp. 318 ff. and
nos. 107 and 108, pp. 522-523.
Cf. Louvre, Inv. no.1122, MNC,
1030.
43
82 GREEK IRON DEEPEEKA FALCATA ‘KOPIS’ SWORD with a heavy single-edged blade widening
towards the point, multiple fullers on both sides; the tang with several holes, retaining some of the bronze
rivets that held the bone grip plates, now lacking. 5th-3rd Century BC. L. 14 1/8 in. (36 cm.) Ex German
collection. The kopis is an ancient single-edged sword with a heavy forward-curving blade, designed for
delivering strong cleaving blows, used by the Greeks throughout the Classical and Hellenistic periods.

83 VILLANOVAN BRONZE SHORT SWORD with decorative parallel vertical lines and a hilt with four
perforations. 8th Century BC. L. 15 7/8 in. (40.5 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann, Berlin.
Cf. Geharnischte Zeiten - 200 Jahre Körper-schutz des Soldaten, Coblenz,1995, p. 150, 1.
84 VILLANOVAN BRONZE SHORT SWORD COMPLETE WITH SCABBARD bearing geometric
decoration. The blade strongly ridged, the hilt retaining remnants of organic material. 8th Century BC.
L. 17 3/8 in. (44.3 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann, Berlin, acquired in Freiburg in 1989.
85 ETRUSCAN CAST BRONZE AXE
HEAD decorated with incised circles.
8th Century BC. L. 7 3/4 in. (19.7cm.)
Ex German collection, acquired in
London in 1990. Cf. Die Welt der
Etrusker, exhibition catalogue,
Berlin, 1988, p. 61, no. 4.7, fig. 64. 44

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86
EAST CELTIC CURVED
IRON KNIFE with curved,
one-sided blade with engraved
circles, and an iron fitting at
both ends of the handle; the
scabbard shoe remaining.
2nd-1st Century BC.
L. 11 1/2 in. (29.3 cm.)
Ex German collection.

87
EAST CELTIC CURVED
IRON SWORD with typical
stooped wedge blade on both
sides and clutch ferrule with
line decoration.
2nd-1st Century BC.
L. 19 1/4 in (49 cm.)
Ex collection of Axel
Guttmann, Berlin.

88 ROMAN IRON LANCE HEAD with four-sided element in upper part of shaft.
Ca. 1st-2nd Century AD. L. 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.) Ex German collection.

89 ROMAN IRON PLUMBATA Plumbatae or mattiobarbuli were lead-weighted darts used by the Roman
infantry. 3rd-4th Century AD. L. 5 7/8 in. (14.5 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. M. C. Bishop & J. C.
N. Coulston, Roman Military Equipment, p. 201, nos. 12 and 16. The only ancient written source for
these tactical weapons is Flavius Vegetius, De Rei Militari (1.17).

90 LATE ROMAN BRONZE OPEN-WORK SWORD GUARD ATTACHMENT with central cross symbol
surrounded by floral decoration. On the edge are incised circles and five preserved connection rivets. A rare
document of a Christian legionary in Late Roman times.
4th Century AD. L. 2 7/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (7.2 x 8.6 cms. ) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

45
91 GREEK TERRACOTTA ANTEFIX: FACE OF A GORGON IN LOW RELIEF with two rows of snail
curls and a corona terminating in snakes; an open mouth grimace with extended tongue; extensive painted
details remaining. Probably from Sicily, 6th Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex American collection,
acquired in New York in 1970. Cf. R. Higgins, Catalogue of the Terracottas in the British Museum,
1969, no. 1137.
92 BOEOTIAN POLYCHROME TERRACOTTA STANDING FEMALE wearing a large polos over her sub-
stantial curled coiffure; her chiton edged in purple. 5th Century BC. H. 11 in. (29 cm.) Ex Prof. Hugo
Munsterberg (1916-1995) collection, New Paltz, New York, acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1976;
R. M. collection, San Francisco, CA. For a nearly identical example in the British Museum, see: R. Higgins,
Greek Terracottas, 1967, p. xxxi, pl. 33D.

A nc ient
Terracottas

93
GREEK TERRACOTTA PROTOME BUST
OF A GODDESS probably Persephone,
wearing peplos and himation; jewelry,
garment folds and blond hair in red and
yellow paint still visible.
Ca. 470-450 BC.
H. 10 1/4 in. (26.2 cm.)
Ex English collection; J.B. collection, Bad
Reichenhall, Germany. Published: J.
Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol.
VIII, 1995, no. 77.

Cf. R. Higgins, Catalogue of Greek


Terracottas in the British Museum, 1970,
nos. 842 and 857.

46
94
GREEK TERRACOTTA PROTOME
BUST OF A GODDESS with flowing
hair, and a topknot bound by a diadem.
Tarentum, 4th Century BC.
H. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Ex French collection.
Cf. R. Higgins, Catalogue of Greek
Terracottas in the British Museum, 1969,
no. 1366.

95
HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA YOUNG
MAN, wearing chiton, chlamys and fillet,
riding a bull.; traces of paint remaining.
Centuripae, Sicily, 3rd Century BC.
Ex Dr. Ignaz Herzfeld, Basel, 1983;
R.M. collection, San Francisco, acquired
from Royal-Athena in 1996. Published:
Münzen und Medaillen, Kunst und
Handwerk der Antike, 1962, no. 14.

96
GREEK TERRACOTTA PHALLIC FIGURE OF AN ACTOR, with a grotesque obese physique, wearing a
comic mask and holding his phallus. 4th century BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex R.M. collection, San Francisco,
acquired from Royal-Athena in 1997. Cf: P. Levi, Atlas of the Greek World, p. 147, a near identical piece in
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
97
HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA APHRODITE ANADYOMENE wearing a loose garment, her right leg
extended to reveal her buttocks. She stands in a languid pose, her head tilting back to the right, and her raised
left hand pulling on the still damp tresses. Ca. 2nd Century BC.
H. 9 1/8 in. (23.4 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired in the 1970s.

47
98
ETRUSCAN POLYCHROME TERRACOTTA
ANTEFIX: HEAD OF A GODDESS
She wears a high stephane decorated with alternating
red and black stripes. The lips, crown of head and the
wavy hair framing the face are highlighted with red;
brows, eyes, and hair rendered in dark brown; surfaces
overall with a cream-coloured coating.
Latium, ca. 480 BC. H. 5 5/8 in. (14.4 cm.)
Ex Hans Tollmann collection, Cologne, Germany,
acquired in the 1960s-70s. 48
99
ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA MALE VOTIVE
STATUE depicted capite velato, wearing a stylized
chiton and himation. 4th Century BC.
H 40 in. (101.6 cm.)
Ex private Rhenish collection, Germany.
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World,
vol. XIII, 2002, no. 65.
For these votives, see: S. Smithers, Images of Piety and
Hope: Select Terracotta Votives from Celeste, Studia,
Varia, Getty Museum, 1993, vol. I, pp. 13.

100
ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA FEMALE VOTIVE
HEAD capite velato, with centrally parted hair
framing her face in waves.
4th Century BC. H. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm.)
Ex American collection, acquired in New York in 1970.
101
ROMAN TERRACOTTA LAMP IN FORM OF TWO
GLADIATORS WRESTLING A BULL 2nd Century AD.
H. 4 7/8 in. (12.3 cm.); L. 4 in. (10.3 cm.)
Ex German private collection.
102
ROMAN LARGE TERRACOTTA APHRODITE GENETRIX
wrapped loosely in a himation, her upraised right hand lifts a
corner of it which hangs down the back. She stands on an inte-
grally molded pedestal with a relief of a thiasos, with a satyr and
flautist, on the front. First 1/2 of the 1st Century AD.
H. 17 7/8 in. (45.5 cm.) Ex German private collection.

103
ROMAN TERRACOTTA MURMILLO GLADIATOR wearing
removable, crested helmet with inset triangular visor, once carry-
ing an oblong shield.
1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 9 1/8 in. (23 cm.)
Ex M.M. Belfer collection, Paris,
acquired in 1960.Cf: R. Jackson,
Gladiators and Caesars, British
Museum, 2000, p. 46, pl. 29,
for a similar terracotta.

104
ROMAN TERRACOTTA
MURMILLO GLADIATOR
wearing removable, crested helmet
with inset triangular visor carry-
ing an oblong shield and dagger;
a large greave on his advancing
leg. 1st-2nd Century AD.
H. 9 5/8 in. (24.5 cm.)
Ex M.M. Belfer collection, Paris,
acquired in 1960.

49
105 GREEK PROTO-GEOMETRIC OINOCHOE, with alternating
bands of black slip and reddish fabric, decorated in concentric Ea rly Greek Va ses
half-circles, dotted lines, and bars. Late 9th Century BC.
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex French collection.

106 CORINTHIAN POTTERY LIDDED PYXIS Of globular form with a frieze of confronted sphinxes, sirens,
and birds; three caryatid supports on the shoulder and the lid with a related frieze.
6th Century BC. H. 4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm.) Ex Münzen und Medaillen, Basel, September 21, 1982, no. 10.

107 CORINTHIAN POTTERY PIRIFORM ALABASTRON WITH A SIREN Ca. 650-550 BC.
H. 5 5/8 in. (14.5 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. P., Poitier, France, acquired before 1980.

108 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE OINOCHOE Below a laurel


band, a racing hoplite (hoplitodromos), a draped citizen
holding a staff on either side. Late 6th Century BC.
Attic Black-figure
H. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection of R.K. Vases

For our extensive stock of


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our website
www.royalathena.com

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‘One Thousand Years of Ancient
Greek Vases II from Greece,
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and 46 South Italian vases
on our website.

50
109 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE EYE CUP: Herakles striding forward with raised club on either side.
Ca. 520 BC. H. 2 3/4 in. (7.0 cm.); Diam. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm.); W. 9 3/4 in. (24.7 cm.)
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX, 1997, no. 97; H. Munsterberg, World
Ceramics - from Prehistoric to Modern Times, 1998, p. 36, fig. 26. Ex Jean-Marie Talleux
Collection, Grand Fort Philippe, France.

110 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER BY THE PAINTER OF LOUVRE F 6, FROM THE
WORKSHOP OF LYDOS A swan between two confronting panthers. Reverse: A large mountain-goat;
under the handles a swan on either side, same on the square top of the handle plates.
Ca. 560-550 BC. H. 11in. (28 cm.); Diam. 11 1/4 in. (28.5 cm.); W. 14 in. (35.6 cm.)
Ex South German private collection, acquired in the 1980s.
51
A ttic R ed-f igu re V ases

111
ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER
ATTRIBUTED TO THE VILLA GIULIA
PAINTER A nude satyr pursuing Amymone,
running to the left with his arms out-
stretched. As she flees to the left holding a
hydria by one horizontal handle in her low-
ered left hand, she looks back at her pursuer.
Reverse: standing draped youth holding a
staff in his right hand. Ca. 460 BC.
H. 15 1/8 in. (38.4 cm.);
Diam. 11 3/4 in. (29.8 cm.);
W. 13 7/8 in. (35.2 cm.)
Ex H.Vollmoeller, Zurich, 1968; private
collection, Geneva, Switzerland.

Amymone was one of the fifty Danaides,


daughters of King Danaus of Argos.

112 ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER On either side: two young horsemen each holding a spear,
cloaks around their shoulders, and petasoi hanging down their backs, ride to right.
Mid-5th Century BC. H. 16 1/8 in. (41 cm.). Ex Belgian private collection acquired before 1970.

113 ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER BY THE PAINTER OF THE LOUVRE CENTAUROMACHY
Dionysos with a kantharos and a thyrsos looks at a satyr stomping grapes in a wine skin on a footstool at left.
From the right another satyr with a big sack full of grapes approaches. Reverse: Three draped youths.
Ca. 470-460 BC. H. 13 1/8 in. (33.4 cm.); Diam. 11 1/8 in. (28.4 cm.); W. 13 1/2 in. (34.3 cm.)
Ex D.O. collection, South Germany.

52
114
ATTIC BLACK-GLAZED RIBBED HYDRIA,
the overhanging rim decorated with egg and dart
and the neck with a festoon of hanging drop-
shaped pendants, ‘tied’ at the back; grooved foot.
Later 4th Century BC. H. 17 1/8 in. (43.5 cm.)
Ex S.B. collection, San Diego, CA.

South I talian Vases

115
APULIAN LARGE RED-FIGURE
VOLUTE KRATER BY THE
BALTIMORE PAINTER Within an
Ionic naiskos with a departure scene, the
youth on the left holding his spear in the
left hand and wearing a long red mantle,
his domed helmet behind, the man seated
at right offering him his sheathed sword,
and wearing a himation and holding a
long staff, the pediment above decorated
with palmette acroteria and a central
frontal head, the naiskos flanked by a
standing maiden and youth holding a sit-
ula and patera and a sash and a staff
respectively, the neck ornamented with a
profile female head emerging from an
elaborate spray of scrolling tendrils and
flowering plants. Reverse: An altar sur-
mounted by a basin and flanked by
standing chiton-clad women, the lady on
the left holding a tambourine and a fan,
on the right a rosette garland and a thyr-
sos. Ca. 340-330 BC.
H. 30 3/8 in. (77.2 cm.)
Ex American collection, sold Sotheby’s,
June 20 1990, no.75; S.B. collection,
San Diego, CA. Pub: A.Trendall &
Cambitoglou, Red-figre Vase-painters of
Apulia, Second Supplement p. 124, no.
49-8.

53
116
APULIAN VERY LARGE RED-FIGURE VOLUTE KRATER BY THE BALTIMORE PAINTER
Amphiaraos in the underworld: Amphiaraos before Pluto. At left, youth and lady with a fan. Behind the youth a
petasos and sheathed sword are suspended. Between the lady and Amphiaraos, a pileus. Behind Pluto stands
Persephone with a cross bar torch, then Polyneices offering the necklace of Harmonia to Euriphyle. Below chario-
teer with Phrygian cap in quadriga to left. Behind, Hecate with two torches. In front Hermes. On neck. Nike in
galloping quadriga led by Iris and Eros. Rev: Horseman in naiskos. To right, woman with jewel box and mirror,
youth with situla and knotted stick, woman with mirror and necklace. At left, woman holding jewel box and
wreath, youth with mirror and phiale, woman with fan and tambourine. On neck. Bust of Nike in floral setting.
Amphiaraos, the legendary king of Argos, was a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebes.
Ca. 340 BC. H. 45 in. (114 cm.) Ex S.B. collection, San Diego, CA., acquired from Royal-Athena in 1991.
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VI, 1991, no. 75.

NOTE: Both nos. 115 and 116 have custom-made stands (H. 27 in.) of the rare hardwood Pomele Sapele.
54
117
APULIAN VERY LARGE RED-FIGURE VOLUTE KRATER BY THE BALTIMORE PAINTER
The contest for Adonis: Aphrodite with umbrella, Eros, Hermes, Adonis holding a bird on a string, Zeus
enthroned holding a scepter with eagle, a thunderbolt in the field before him, Persephone resting on a scepter
topped by a cross, tree. Below. Dionysos and Ariadne in a panther biga, preceded by a maenad with a tambourine
and thyrsos and followed by a maenad with a torch and a situla. On the neck, an amazonomachy.
Rev: In a naiskos, helmeted horseman with spear. At left: from top to bottom, youth holding an oinochoe and a
pyxis with a white lid, woman holding a wreath, phiale, and fillet, youth holding a situla. At the right, a youth
holding an oinochoe and pyxis with a white lid, woman holding a wreath and a mirror, youth holding a white
knotted stick. On the neck, women holding a thyrsos, open box and ball (probably of wool), seated youth holding
a phiale and thyrsos, woman holding a thrysos and wreath, satyr holding situla and torch.
Ca. 340 BC. H. 44 in. (112 cm.) Ex S.B. collection, San Diego, CA., acquired from Royal-Athena in 1991.
Published: A. Trendall-Cambitoglou, The Red-figured Vases of Apulia, Suppl. II, p. 275, no. 23f, pl. LXXI, 3-
4; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VI , 1991, no. 74.
55
118 APULIAN RED-FIGURE HYDRIA with a draped female seated to the left on a rock, looking back toward a
standing nude youth, the female with a branch in her right hand, a patera and a fillet in her left, the youth
with a wreath in his right hand, holding the drapery of his chlamys in his left.
Ca. 340-320 BC. H. 14 7/8 in. (37.8 cm.) Ex private collection, Belgium, 1980s.
119 APULIAN RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER Two fighting warriors. Reverse: Two draped youths in conversa-
tion. Ca. 360 BC. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm), Diam. 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm) Ex old Austrian
collection, acquired before 1970.

120 APULIAN RED-FIGURE TREFOIL OINOCHOE A winged female goddess, dressed in a long tunic with
a tight belt, drives a biga. Under a prancing horse a hare runs head to head to them. Under the handle
there is a large female profile to left, wearing a large beaded sakkos. Two large wings spread out on the back
side behind the female profile. Ca. 340-320 BC. H. 16 1/4 in. (41.2 cm.)
Ex private collection, Paris, France.

121 PAESTAN RED-FIGURE LEKANIS The lid decorated with a swim-


ming ketos with pointed muzzle and ears, sinuous spotted body, and
two fish in the field. Reverse: a dotted palmette flanked by foliate ten-
drils behind. Ca. 340 BC. Diam. 6 in. (15.2 cm.) ; W. 8 1/4 in.
(20.9 cm.); H. 5 1/2 in. (13.9 cm.) Ex K. Suvanna
collection, Sussex, England, acquired in the 1970s; Gil and Myrna
Goldfine collection, Tel Aviv, Israel.

54
122
APULIAN LARGE RED-FIGURE LOUTROPHOROS BY THE PATERA PAINTER, decorated in two regis-
ters, the upper register of the obverse with a female at the center seated on an x-form folding stool, facing left
with a filled patera in her outstretched right hand, a female before her stepping onto an Ionic column capital, a
wreath in her right hand, a fillet in her left, a female behind the central figure standing beside a pillar, a fan in
her right hand, a ball of wool in her left; the lower register with a female on either side of a filleted stele, that to
the left seated on an Ionic column capital, a mirror in her right hand, a ball of wool in her left, a fillet behind
her, that to the right seated on a mantle, a filled kalathos in her right hand; a frontal female bust emerging from
a calyx. The upper register of the reverse with a female and a nude youth walking to the left, a fan in her right
hand, a box and a fillet in her left, the youth with a situla in his right hand, a filleted thyrsos in his left, the
lower register with a female seated on either side of a stele, each holding the end of a fillet and looking back.
Ca. 330-310 BC. H. 30 1/2 in. (77.5 cm.) Ex private collection, Switzerland, 1995.
Possibly from the Seated Woman Group.

55
123 CAMPANIAN RED-FIGURE SKYPHOS BY THE SIKON
PAINTER On both sides, a nude young satyr stands admiring
himself in a mirror. Ca. 375-350 BC. H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection. Published: G. Puhze, Kunst der
Antike, 1977, no. 133.
124 APULIAN GNATHIA WARE SQUAT LEKYTHOS decorated in added colors with a nude Eros holding a
mirror. 4th Century BC. H. 5 1/2 in. (14.2 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. P., Poitier, France, acquired before
1980.
125 GREEK POTTERY PLASTIC VASE The youthful features modeled with plump lips and wide eyes, the
hair dressed in long ringlets, surmounted by a wreath with foliage at the sides. 4th Century BC.
H. 5 1/2 in. (13.5 cm) Ex French private collection sold at Piasa, Drouot, Paris, October, 2003.
126 CANOSAN LARGE CIRCULAR POTTERY PYXIS, the domed lid molded in relief with an embracing
couple seated on a stool, the man nude, his mantle below, his right arm crossing the woman who is draped
in a diaphanous floor-length garment; a winged Eros approaches from the right. 3rd Century BC.
H. 5 in. (12.7 cm.); Diam. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm.) Ex American private collection, dispersed in 1996.

56
127 ETRUSCAN ‘PONTIC’ BLACK-FIGURE CUP decorated with two registers. The upper has a warrior
between two boars; the lower with five geese walking to right. 6th Century BC. H. 4 in. (10.2 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection; New York private collection.
Etruscan Vases
128 ETRUSCAN BLACK-FIGURE
TREFOIL OINOCHOE with three
warriors, each wearing a high crested
helmet and carrying a spear and a
shield, two wearing a tunic and
cuirass; band of ivy leaves on the shoul-
der. Early 5th Century BC.
H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection,
acquired in Basel, 1978.

129 ETRUSCAN BUCCHERO CHALICE


OF RASMUSSEN TYPE 1B.
The deep conical cup is supported by
four flat-backed plaques as legs with
alternating figures in relief of korai
and sphinxes; on a ring base.
Three concentric grooves encircle the
lower part of the body. A series of small
incisions mark the edge of its offset
base. On the recessed bottom of the
interior, a series of grooves radiate out-
wards from a central omphalos.
Cerveteri, ca. 580 BC.
H. 6 5/8 in. (16.8 cm.)
Ex Andrea Compagno collection,
Lugano, Switzerland, acquired in the
1970s from Pino Donati.
57
Celtiberian
Vase s

130
CELTIBERIAN POTTERY
KALATHOS Cylindrical with
canted lip and two handles, depict-
ing four hunters, two of them on
horseback, spearing down a boar.
The field is filled with ornaments.
Ca. 2nd Century BC.
H. 8 7/8 in. (22 cm.);
Diam. 12 1/8 in. (31 cm.)
Ex Brian North Lee collection,
Chiswick, England, acquired in
1986. Choice and rare.

131
CELTIBERIAN POTTERY VASE depicting hunters with
shields and spears stalking to right. The field is filled with
ornaments and inscriptions.
Ca. 2nd Century BC. H. 9 7/8 in. (25 cm.)
Ex Brian North Lee collection, Chiswick, England, acquired
in 1986. Cf. Die Iberer, exhibition catalog, Bonn, 1998,
pp. 191, 272, no. 63. Choice and rare.

132
CELTIBERIAN POTTERY
KALATHOS Cylindrical with canted
lip and two handles, depicting four hel-
meted hunters, one of them holding the
reins of a horse, accompanied by two
ferocious looking hounds, attacking a
stag and a hind. The field is filled with
ornaments and inscriptions.
Ca. 2nd Century BC.
H. 8 7/8 in. (22 cm.);
Diam. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm.)
Ex Brian North Lee collection,
Chiswick, England, acquired in 1986.
Choice and rare.
60
Ancient Glass

133 HELLENISTIC BROWN GLASS AMPHORISKOS


wrapped in yellow thread-glass that is feathered on the
collar, then in a spiral around the shoulder, and in
feathers down to the disc foot. On either side an applied
handle loops at the lip, flows down the neck, and ends in
a loop at the shoulder.
Late 2nd-1st Century BC.
H. 5 in. (12.6 cm.) Ex French collection.

134 HELLENISTIC BLUE GLASS AMPHORISKOS


wrapped in yellow and white thread-glass that is feath-
ered on the collar, then feathered down to the disc foot.
On either side an applied handle loops at the lip, and
loops at the shoulder. Late 2nd-1st Century BC.
H. 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm.) Ex French collection.

135 ROMAN MOULD BLOWN YELLOW GLASS


HEXAGONAL VASE each of the six sides with alternat-
ing vases and theater masks in relief.
1st Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.)
Ex English private collection, acquired in the 1970s-80s.
Cf. D.Whitehouse, Roman Glass in the Corning
Museum, II, 2001, p. 36, no 506.

136 ROMAN LARGE CLEAR GLASS BOTTLE with


pyriform body double waisted, a very long tubular neck,
and funnel-shaped lip; greenish iridescence.
4th Century AD. H. 10 7/8 in. (27.8 cm.)
Ex French collection.

61
137 ROMAN MOLD BLOWN MANGANESE PURPLE GLASS HEAD FLASK, the body with the face of a
child or Eros with hair in rows of tight curls; tubular neck with broad flat folded lip.
3rd-4th Century AD. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.1 cm.) Ex French collection. Cf. M. Milkovich, The Alfred
Wolkenberg Collection of Ancient Glass, Memphis, 1964, p. 34, no. 86.
138 ROMAN MOLD BLOWN AMBER GLASS HEAD FLASK, the body with the face of a child or Eros with
hair in rows of tight curls; tubular neck with broad flat folded lip. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 3 in. (7.5 cm.)
Ex French collection. Cf. The Alfred Wolkenberg Collection of Ancient Glass, p. 34, no. 86.

139 ROMAN BLUE-GREEN GLASS ARYBALLOS, with two ribbon handles applied to the neck and shoul-
der; silvery iridescence. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex collection of Gershon Bineth (d.
1973), Jerusalem; Ricklis collection, NY, acquired in the early 1970s.

Ancient Jewelry

140
ETRUSCAN LARGE GOLD
PENDANT: MASK OF A SILENOS
Circular, the grotesque bearded face
with mustached grin repoussé within a
border of small ‘eyes’; a suspension tab
above. 5th Century BC.
H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.)
Ex private collection of a French schol-
ar, M. M.B., acquired before 1970.

62
141 PAIR OF ROMAN GOLD EAR PENDANTS
Within a rounded bezel is the face of a god or
hero in relief; below each is a glass pendant.
1st -3rd Century AD. H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm.)
Ex French collection.

142 ROMAN SILVER ANCHOR FIBULA WITH


THREE PENDANTS suspended from chains,
the pendants with punched decoration.
2nd Century AD. Total L. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.)
Ex German collection.
143 ROMAN GOLD FINGER RING WITH A RED
CARNELIAN INTAGLIO OF PIETAS, the god-
dess of duty and devotion, set within the cast, seg-
mented mounting. 2nd-3rd Century AD.
Diam. 1.1 cm.; Wt: 5.9 g.; Size 6 1/2
Ex German private collection.

144 ROMAN GOLD WEDDING RING with a two


right hands in relief clasped dextrarum iunctio,
within a raised bezel. 1st Century AD.
Diam. 2 cm.; Wt: 5.8 g.; Size 8
Ex Rhenish private collection, acquired from
Kroha Münzkabinett, Cologne Germany, before
2001.
145 ROMAN GOLD FINGER RING SET WITH A
RELIEF OF A WEDDED COUPLE standing
with hands joined in dextrarum iunctio, bezel set
in an elaborate mounting of swirling ropes and
beading. 2nd-3rd Century AD.
Diam. 2.2 cm.; Wt: 4.04 g.; Size 7
Ex German collection.

63
146 ROMAN NECKLACE OF GRADUATED
BICONICAL AMETHYST BEADS
Ca. 1st -2nd Century AD. L. 41 in. (104 cm.)
Ex French collection. In ancient Rome the amethyst
was believed to neutralize poisons and by extension,
amethyst jewelry was thought to defend the wearer
from infection during epidemics.

Byzantine Art

147 PAIR OF LATE ROMAN OR EARLY BYZANTINE


GOLD EAR PENDANTS of inverted volutes over
bezel; stationary beaded pendant on wire loop.
5th-6th Century AD. H. 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm.)
Ex Swiss collection.

148 BYZANTINE SILVER RING WITH ENGRAVED


BUST OF SAINT DEMETRIOS with cross-sceptre
and inscription. Diam. 2 cm.; Size 8 Ex German col-
lection. Published and exhibited: L. Wamser - G.
Zahlhaas (Ed.), Rom und Byzanz. Archäologische
Kostbarkeiten aus Bayern, Munich, 1998, p. 221, no.
326; L. Wamser, Die Welt von Byzanz, Munich ,
2004, p. 332, no. 682.

149 BYZANTINE SILVER RING ENGRAVED WITH


ARCHANGEL MICHAEL holding a staff sceptre and
a sphaira. The angel is depicted nimbate, with curled
hair and short beard, wearing an elaborate
chiton, wings framing. 13th Century AD.
Diam. 2.1 cm.; Size: 8 1/2. Ex German collection.
Published in 1998 and 2004 (See no. 148) .

64
150 BYZANTINE BRONZE PEACOCK with
tail spread; extensive cold-worked incision of
the feathers. 7th-10th Century AD.
H. 4 7/8 in. (12.5 cm.) Ex German private
collection, acquired in 1970.

151 LATE BYZANTINE ENGRAVED


BRONZE ICON OF ST. MALEINOS
The saint is depicted as a bishop wearing
vestments, holding a cross, standing under
an arch. 12th-15th Century AD.
H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm.);
W. 3 3/8 in. (8.6cm.) Ex German collection.
Michael Maleinos came from a well-to-do
and influential family from Cappadocia and
grew up at the court of Leo the Wise. Already
at the age of 18 years he withdrew from the
worldly life to Bithynia, where he founded a
very reputable lavra, a gathering of
anchorites. As a name saint of Michael
Feodorowitsch, the first Romanow czar, he
was revered especially in the Russian-orthodox
area knowingly and often.

152 EARLY BYZANTINE STUCCO


APPLIQUE MOLD: JONAH THROWN
OVERBOARD
A fragmentary mold for terra sigillata decora-
tive appliques. 4th-5th Century AD.
W. 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.)
Ex German private collection.

65
Prehistoric Objects

153 IMPORTANT LARGE ABBEVILLIAN


BEIGE SANDSTONE HAND AXE
Aeolian patina. North Africa, 600,000-
500,000 BC. L. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm.) Ex
David R. Russell collection. Cf. D. Russell,
Antique Woodworking Tools, Their
Craftsmanship from the Earliest Times to
the Twentieth Century, Cambridge, 2010,
p. 24, no. 4.
154 CHALCOLITHIC BROWN FLINT
KNIFE said to have come from Denmark.
3500-1700 BC. L. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex
David R. Russell collection, England.

155 SWISS LAKE DWELLINGS NEOLITHIC FLINT AXE A small chisel-shaped axe head mounted in a deer
antler sleeve with double pointed grip. Ca. 2000 BC. L. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex English collection, retaining an
old collection label inscribed: 'Coll L. Guiguard'.

156 SWISS LAKE DWELLINGS NEOLITHIC FLINT AXE The flint blade with curved cutting edge, mounted
in a red deer antler handle, Ca. 2000 BC. L. 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.) German private collection, formed dur-
ing the 1960s-1970s. Cf. A. MacGregor (Ed.), Antiquities from Europe and the Near East in the collec-
tion of the Lord McAlpine of West Green, Oxford, 1987, p.87, no. 5.27.

157 SWISS LAKE DWELLINGS NEOLITHIC FLINT AXE The black stone blade with curved cutting edge,
mounted in a red deer antler handle, covered in black. Ca. 2000 BC. L. 3 in. (7.5 cm.) Ex German private
collection, formed during the 1960s-1970s. Cf. A. MacGregor (Ed.), Antiquities from Europe and the Near
East in the collection of the Lord McAlpine of West Green, Oxford, 1987, p.87, no. 5.27.

66
158
NORDIC MESOLITHIC GRAY AND
WHITE FLINT PICK, heavily percussioned,
flaked on both sides to form a rare tool with
characteristics of both a symmetrical hand axe
and an early pointed spearhead. Retains some
of the qualities of earlier borers and burins;
heavily patinated. Ca. 9000-6000 BC.
L. 7 1/2 in. (19.1 cm.) Ex The Christensen
Fund collection, Palo Alto, California; private
collection, Boston.
159
IMPORTANT NORDIC NEOLITHIC STAG
ANTLER AXE, the edge formed by oblique cut-
ting, shafthole tine-base into axe. Very large for
the type and in perfect condition.
Ca. 5400-4000 BC. L. 10 3/4 in. (27.3 cm.)
Ex The Christensen Fund collection, Palo Alto,
California; private collection, Boston.

160 NEOLITHIC TERRACOTTA SEATED FEMALE


FIGURINE (headless) with hands to breasts. Very rare.
Thessaly, Greece, 6th-4th Millennium BC. H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.)
Ex English collection, acquired in London, April 1989.

161 NEOLITHIC POTTERY FERTILITY IDOL Vestigial


arms and head; orifices drilled. Vinca Culture, Balkan area,
5th Millennium BC. H. 1 5/8 in. (4.2 cm.)
Ex German private collection. Cf: Idole, exhibition cata-
logue, Munich Staatliche Museum, 1985, p. 104, no. 49.

162 NEOLITHIC BLACK POTTERY HEAD FROM AN


IDOL with incised almond-shaped eyes, cheek line, raised
nasal ridge, and pointed nose; perforations for earrings, and
three additional perforations at the top-back of the head.
Vinca Culture, Balkan area, 5th Millennium BC.
H. 1 7/8 in (4.8 cm.) Ex M. M. collection, Belgrade.

67
163 SARDINIAN MARBLE FEMALE TORSO From a schematic
votive figure, of inverted triangular form. Late 3rd-2nd Ancient Varia
Millennium BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Rare. Ex English collec-
tion dispersed at Sotheby’s London in December of 1993; G.H.
collection, Houston, Texas, acquired from Royal-Athena in 2000.

164 PAIR OF EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE ARMLETS


Narrow wound spirals, the outside edge with a strong middle rib,
the upper end twisted at the rolled up ends. Ca. 1000 BC.
Ls. 4 1/2 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

165 EUROPEAN EARLY IRON AGE BRONZE DOUBLE


SPECTACLE RING Hallstatt, 8th-7th Century BC.
W. 3 1/4 in. (8.5 cm.) Ex German collection.

166 ROMAN SILVER NUDE EROS HOLDING A LARGE


CORNUCOPIA 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (7.1 cm.)
Acquired in Paris, October 2000; ex F. D. collection, Novi,
Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 2002.
Exhibited: Ball State University Art Museum, 2002-2005; George
Mason University Art Museum, 2005-2011.

68
167 CYPRIOT LIMESTONE LIFE-SIZE HEAD OF A BEARDED DEITY wearing a diadem above the fore-
head and a long wig falling down to the shoulders. 6th-5th Century BC. H. 12 1/2 in. (31.7 cm.)
Ex estate of Cole Porter; Louise Cole Schmitt (daughter of Cole Porter's first cousin Jules Omar Cole). Tip of
beard restored.
168 ROMAN LIMESTONE RELIEF SECTION: YOUNG BOY HOLDING ROOSTER
1st-2nd Century AD. H. 7 in. (17.8. cm); W. 5 in. (12.7 cm.) Ex Dutch private collection, Maastricht;
H.J. collection, Sun City, Arizona. Exhibited at Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 1985-
2009. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV, 1985, no. 271A.

169 ROMAN LARGE STUCCO ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENT: HEAD OF A SATYR THEATER MASK
looking left at a syrinx (pan flute). Additional elements include floral motifs, dental and ogee moldings.
1st-2nd Century AD. L. 16 in. (41 cm.) Cf. J. Dentzer-Feydy & J. Teixidor, Les antiquités de
Palmyre au musée du Louvre, Paris, 1993, pp. 150-153. Ex French collection.

69
170 ROMAN DANUBIAN LEAD VOTIVE ‘MYSTERY CULT’ PLAQUE with Sol (Helios) in a quadriga,
Helena between the Dioskouri on horseback, a shepherd hanging animals from a tree, etc.
2nd-4th Century AD. H. 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm.) Choice. Ex German collection.
171 GOTHIC SILVER FIBULA WITH CABOCHON GARNETS incorporating a half-circle headplate with
spoked grooves and five projecting knobs, an arched bow with a pronounced central ridge, and a long point-
ed foot plate decorated with grooves with geometric motifs. 5th Century AD. L. 4 in. (10 cm.)
Cf. J. Werner, ‘Studien zu Grabfunden des V Jahrhunderts aus der Slovakai und der Karpatenukraine’,
SLA, 1959, pp. 427-431. Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.
172 NORTH WESTERN CELTIC BRONZE OPEN-WORK CIRCULAR PENDANT topped with a double,
arching loop and finely worked with braided wire, suspending seven decorative chains.
9th-10th Century AD. H. 6 5/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex German collection.

173 VIKING BRONZE OPEN-WORK APPLIQUE Rectangular in form, lavishly worked to depict entwined
sea serpents. Small attachment holes on the edges. 8th-9th Century AD.
L. 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm.); H. 1 in. (2.5 cm.) Ex German collection.
Cf. nearly identical example in J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XX, 2009, no. 165.

70
Egyptian Stone Sculptures

174
EGYPTIAN OLD KINGDOM LIMESTONE
SUNK RELIEF OF ITJER, with the figure of a
man striding to left, wearing a kilt, broad collar,
and short beard, and holding a tall staff in his
right hand and a cloth in his left; his face with
large almond-shaped eye and eyebrow in relief; an
inscription above containing his name, Itjer.
VIth Dynasty, ca. 2360-2195 BC.
H. 24 in. (61 cm.); W. 10 in. (25.4 cm.)
Ex Michel Abemayor, New York, 1959, as from the
Tomb of Methethy; New York private collection,
acquired from the above in the 1980s.

175
EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM LIMESTONE
BUST OF AN OFFICIAL wearing a short
braided wig and a short beard. The reverse has an
inscribed back pillar, of which only the top
remains, carved with two lines of hieroglyphs,
'Two arms under...' and '...whom the sacred bar-
que has passed'.
XVIIIth-XXIth Dynasty 1550-1070 BC.
H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection.
Acquired from Charles Ratton, Paris, in 1959 (a
copy of the original invoice will accompany this
purchase.)

71
176
EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE DEEP BUST OF
A MAN seated with his arms at his sides,
with a broad striated wig, originally wearing
a kilt, the belt and tab preserved; a hiero-
glyphic inscription on the back pillar, reads
‘A Royal offering (to) Rat-Tawy, Lady of
[Heaven?]...’ XXIInd Dynasty, 945-712 BC.
H. 4 1/8 in. (10.4 cm.)
Ex Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Lindon Smith; lent
to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in 1934;
gifted in 1952; deaccessioned in 2010. Rat-
Tawy was "the Sun Goddess of the Two
Lands," the feminine form of Ra/Re. She was
connected with the temple of Medamud. (See
R.H. Wilkinson, The Complete Gods and
Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, London, 2003,
p. 164).

177
EGYPTIAN DIORITE HEAD OF AN
OFFICIAL wearing a shoulder length baggy
wig/head cloth.
XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC.
H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.)
Ex old European collection.
Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient
World, vol. XIII, 2002, no. 151.

72
178 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM LIMESTONE RELIEF OF IPI, FAN BEARER ON THE KING’S RIGHT
HAND with offertory scene and twelve columns of hieroglyphic text. He is seated at left holding a fan. At
right he is depicted as a Priest of Ptah with a tray of bread and ducks, an offering table with flowers in front
of him. Late XVIIIth Dynasty, ca. 1380-1320 BC. H. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm.); W. 19 5/8 in. (50 cm.)
Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in 1980; French private collection. Soon to be published by Dr. Stephane
Pasquali, Université Paul Valéry, Montpelier, France.

179 EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE SUNK RELIEF, Five columns of hieroglyphic text: Prayers to the Aten with
cartouches of Nefertiti (l.) & Akenaten (r.); to r., cartouches of the princesses Meritaton, Meketaton, and
Anchesenpaaton. (See full copy in Geschenk des Nils). Amarna Period, 1365-1353 BC. W. 20 7/8 in. (53.1
cm.); H: 8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm.) Ex R.B. collection, Darien, CT, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1991.
Pub.: G. Roeder, Amarna-Reliefs aus Hermopolis, Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Hermopolis-Expedition
in Hermopolis 1929-1939, vol. II, Hildesheim, 1969, 172, 176, pl. 201; Geschenk des Nils, 1978, no.
201.

73
180
EGYPTIAN KUSHITE BLACK STONE MALE BUST
Bald and bare chested; with an uninscribed back pillar.
XXVth Dynasty, 750-656 BC. H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.)
Ex English collection; M.A.M. collection, Pontiac,
Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1984.
Exhibited: Detroit Institute of Art, 1985-1989.

181
EGYPTIAN STEATITE RECUMBENT SPHINX
WITH THE HEAD OF A PHARAOH wearing the
nemes-headcloth.
XXXth Dynasty -Ptolemaic Period 380-30 BC.
L. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex L.T. collection, Pennsylvania,
acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1982.

182
EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE CANOPIC JAR WITH A
HUMAN HEAD of Imsety, son of Horus and guardian
of the liver. Late Dynastic Period, 712-343 BC.
H. 10 7/8 in. (27.6 cm.) Ex P.A. (1908-2004) collection,
a UN diplomat, New York, acquired from S. O.
Simonian, Cairo, in June 1970; thence by descent.

183
EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE RELIEF SECTION A priest
with shaven head striding to right wearing a long pleated
loincloth fastened with a panther-headed belt.
XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.)
Ex collection of Mme. V., Paris, acquired in
1960. 74
Egyptian Bronze Sculptures
184
EGYPTIAN BRONZE OSIRIS, eyes inlaid with silver and holding
the crook and flail, and wearing the Atef-crown with ram’s horns.
On an integral base. Late Dynastic Period, 712-343 BC.
H. 7 in. (17.8 cm.) Ex Lequeu collection, acquired in Egypt at the
beginning of the 20th century.
185
EGYPTIAN BRONZE OSIRIS, mummiform, holding the crook
and flail, and wearing the Atef-crown. Late Period, 712-30 BC.
H. 6 5/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex French collection.
186
EGYPTIAN BRONZE PTAH, PATRON GOD OF ARTISTS
AND CRAFTSMEN, wearing a cap and closely wrapped cloak;
traces of gold sheathing remaining. Late Period, 664-30 BC.
H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex Trampitsch collection, Paris; R.B.
collection, Darien, Connecticut, acquired from Royal-Athena in
1989. Fine Style. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient
World, 1985, no. 459.
187
EGYPTIAN BRONZE ENTHRONED OSIRIS IAH,
mummiform, wearing a tripartite wig with uraeus surmounted by
a crescent moon and sun disk. He holds the crook and flail crossed
over his chest. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC.
H. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex French collection. A rare syncretistic form
of Osiris as the moon god.
75
188
EGYPTIAN BRONZE STRIDING KHONSU-THOTH
wearing a composite headpiece with a lunar crescent and disk
with the ibis head of Thoth, surmounted by the Atef-crown
with ram’s horns, plumes, and solar disk. He also wears a tri-
partite striated wig, khebesout false beard, and a kilt. On an
integral rectangular base. Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H 5 1/2 in. (17.1 cm.) Exhibited and published: C.A.R.
Andrews and J.van Dijk, Objects for Eternity, Egyptian
Antiquities from the W. Arnold Meijer Collection, Mainz,
2006, pp. 172-173, no. 3.04, illus.
189
EGYPTIAN GOLD-INLAID BRONZE STRIDING
FALCON-HEADED HORUS wearing tripartite wig and
shendyt-kilt, both incised and inlaid with gold wire. Both
arms of this sky god are held out before him. On an integral
rectangular base. Libyan Period, ca. 900-700 BC. H. 3 1/4
in. (8.3 cm.) Ex English collection. Published: J. Eisenberg,
Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIII, 2002, no.161.
190
EGYPTIAN BRONZE STRIDING ANUBIS wearing a
tripartite wig and loin cloth; on an integral rectangular base.
Ptolemaic Period, 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 3 in. (7.5 cm.)
Ex French collection.

191
EGYPTIAN BRONZE STANDARD FINIAL OF HORUS
depicted as a falcon wearing the Double Crown and standing
on a papyrus column. Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
76
192
EGYPTIAN BRONZE STANDARD
SURMOUNTED BY A SACRED BULL
reclining; between his horns is a solar disk.
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.)
Ex French collection; acquired at the Drouot
in Paris, Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the
Ancient World, vol. XIV, 2003, no.174.

193
EGYPTIAN BRONZE FINIAL OF THE
GODDESS SELKET with the body of a
scorpion. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC.
H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.)
Ex collection of Victor Bénédict, France,
acquired between 1890 and 1930.
Cf. C. Spieser, ‘“Serket”, protector of the
children to be born and deceased to come
back to life,’ Revue d’Egyptologie 52,
2001, pp. 251-264.

194
EGYPTIAN BRONZE MIRROR:
HANDLE IN THE FORM OF A NUDE
FEMALE wearing a tripartite wig, her
hands cupping her breasts. Rare.
Ptolemaic Period, 2nd-1st Century BC.
H. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.)
Ex French collection.

77
195
EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT INSCRIBED FOR HOR-IRY SON OF PA-DI (?) She is the embodiment of the
goddess of joy, Bastet, seated in the traditional pose on an integrally cast base with hieroglyphic invocation to
Osiris written twice: ‘Live! Recitation by Osiris, (that he) may give life and health to Hori son of Pa-di [?]
[…?...] the East..’ Late Dynastic 664-332 BC. H. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex Belgian collection, acquired in the 1980s.
196 197
EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT, the embodiment of the EGYPTIAN BRONZE DEEP BUST OF A
goddess of joy, Bastet, seated in the traditional pose. CAT the embodiment of the goddess of joy,
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC. H. 5 1/8 in. (13 cm.) Bastet. Breast restored.
Ex old French collection, acquired in the late 1950s-early 60s. Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex collection of Mrs. Elias
Vaes (1908-2002), Netherlands, formed
between 1960-70; Kralings Museum,
Rotterdam. 78
198
EGYPTIAN BRONZE STRIDING
LION with stylized, incised mane.
Ptolemaic Period, 2nd-1st Century BC.
L. 2 1/8 in. (5.5 cm.)
Ex French collection.

199
EGYPTIAN BRONZE CROUCHING
IBIS Solid cast with engraved tail
feathers and legs on oval bronze base.
Ptolemaic Period 305-30 BC.
H. 3 3/8 in. (9 cm.);
L. 4 in. (10.2 cm.)
Ex Maurice Nahman, Cairo, 1939;
acquired by the Cincinnati Art Museum
in 1947, deaccessioned at Sotheby’s NY
in 1994; R.B. collection, Darien,
Connecticut.

200
EGYPTIAN BRONZE HORUS
FALCON STANDING ATOP A
SARCOPHAGUS, wearing the Double
Crown and beaded collar. Entire body
finely engraved.
Ptolemaic Period 305-30 BC.
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.);
L. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.)
Ex R.B. collection, Darien,
Connecticut, acquired at Sotheby’s NY,
December 17, 1992, lot no. 34.

79
Egyptian Ushabtis
201 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM POLYCHROME
WOOD USHABTI of the Guardian of the Temple of
the Two Lands. XIXth Dynasty, ca. 1293-1185 BC.
H. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Ex French collection.

202 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE USHABTI OF


AMENEMOPÉ, Priest of Amun, with frontal column of
hieroglyphic text and details in black. XXIst Dynasty, ca.
1080-945 BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.4 cm.) Ex French col-
lection. Cf. J.-F. and L. Aubert, Statuaires Égyptiennes:
Chaouabtis-Ouchebtis, Paris, 1973, pl. 41, for similar
examples.
203 EGYPTIAN GLASSY DEEP BLUE FAIENCE
USHABTI OF HOR, Prophet of Amun, with wig, facial
details and hieroglyphic inscription in black paint. XXIst
Dynasty, ca. 1069-945 BC. H. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.)
From the 2nd cachette at Deir el-Bahari, uncovered in
1892. The Hor ushabtis are considered the most beautiful
of the entire cachette.
204 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE USHABTI FOR
NEFER-KA, Administrator of the Temple of Ptah, mum-
miform, holding hoes and seed bag; nine horizontal lines
of hieroglyphic text. XXVIth Dynasty, ca. 664-525 BC.
7 1/2 in. (19.1 cm.) Ex R.B. collection, Darien,
Connecticut. Extremely fine style.
205 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE
USHABTI Uninscribed.
Early Ptolemaic, 4th-3rd Century BC.
Ex R.B. collection, Darien,
Connecticut.

80
Egyptian Faience
206 EGYPTIAN BLUE-GREEN FAIENCE ENTHRONED
ISIS NURSING HARPOKRATES She wears upon her
head the hieroglyph of her name fronted with a uraeus;
her feathered throne with finely incised details. Ptolemaic
Period, 305-30 BC.
H. 5 3/8 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex French collection.

207 EGYPTIAN GREEN AND YELLOW GLAZED


FAIENCE AMULET OF A NUDE FEMALE
CONCUBINE or servant carrying a vase on her head
with both hands raised to support the vessel. Two ducks
are bent under her shoulders along the body and two
cobras along her back feet. Rare.
XXIInd Dynasty, 945-712 BC.
H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex French collection.

208 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE AMULET


OF SEKHMET, lion-headed goddess of passion and war.
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm.) Ex French collection.

209 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE AMULET OF


THOUERIS The goddess patroness of pregnancy and
protector of the family at night is depicted as a bipedal
hippopotamus with the tail of a crocodile; wearing tripar-
tite wig. Early Ptolemaic, 4th-3rd Century BC.
H 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) Ex R.B. collection, Darien,
Connecticut, acquired in Paris, September 1992.

81
210 EGYPTIAN PALE GREEN FAIENCE AMULET OF A
COUCHANT SPHINX with the body of a lion and the
head of a pharaoh wearing the nemes headdress. Late
Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
L. 2 in. (5 cm.) Ex French collection.

211 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE AMULET OF THE HORUS FALCON wearing the Double Crown.
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC. H. 2 in. (5.1 cm.) Ex French collection.

212 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE AMULET OF THE SKY GOD, SHU, his head topped by the solar
disc, kneeling, his arms raised, and his right foreleg touching the ground, the left knee bent.
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC. H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm.) Ex French collection.
213 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE BES The dwarf god standing with bared teeth and wearing feather
crown. XXI-XXVth Dynasty, 1069-664 BC. H. 2 in. (5.1 cm.) Ex collection of Edouard Louis Joseph,
Baron Empain (1852-1929), France.

214 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE AMULET OF BES, fearsome, dwarf protector of women in childbirth
and dispeller of bad dreams; with leonine face, mane, and tail and wearing feathered headdress.
Ptolemaic Period, ca. 305-30 BC. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Ex R.B. collection, Darien, Connecticut. 82
215 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE NUDE PATAIKOS Dwarf protector of children.
Late Period, 664-30 BC. H. 3 1/8 in. (7.8 cm.) Ex French collection.

216 EGYPTIAN PALE TURQUOISE FAIENCE DEEP BUST OF ISIS LACTANS wearing a tripartite wig
that is fronted by a cobra and surmounted by her hieroglyph, a throne; suspension loop on back. Very fine style.
Early Ptolemaic, 4th-3rd Century BC. H 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm.) Ex R.B. collection, Darien, Connecticut,
acquired at Numismatic Fine Arts sale, New York, December 11, 1991, lot no. 33.
217 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE WEDJAT-EYE (EYE OF HORUS) with black painted eyebrow and
pupil; remains of white glass inlay; seated cat in front. 3rd Intermediate Period, 1085-715 BC.
H. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) Ex Thetis Foundation, Geneva; New York private collection.
218 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE AMULET OF A CAT, seated on a rectangular base, with ribbed
suspension ring. The cat is symbolic of Bastet, the goddess of women and joy.. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC.
H. 2 1/2 in. (6.3 cm.) Ex French collection; New York private collection.

83
O ur I n t er n et
N e w s le t t e r

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Egyp tia n Wo od
S cul ptu res

219
PAIR OF EGYPTIAN OLD KINGDOM
POLYCHROME WOOD FEMALE
SERVANT FIGURES The standing fig-
ures lean forward, preparing to strain
mash for beer or to prepare dough, wear-
ing knee-length white skirts, bodies paint-
ed in yellow ochre, facial detail and hair
in black. VIth Dynasty, ca. 2345-2181
BC. H. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm.)
Ex collection of Edouard Louis Joseph,
Baron Empain (1852-1929), France.

220
EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM POLY-
CHROME WOOD FEMALE SERVANT
wearing a close wig and sheath dress; bend-
ing forward from the waist, probably to
knead bread or to strain mash for beer.
Probably from Assuit,
XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1780-1191 BC.
H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.)
Ex Diniacopoulos Collection, Montreal
formed between 1910-1932 and 1954;
Carlos Museum, Emory University;
American private collection, Providence,
Rhode Island.
84
221
EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM WOOD LEFT ARM,
in two parts joined at the elbow by a dowel and mortise, the
fist with finely delineated finger nails, clenched around an
object, now missing; slight remains of pigment; from a statue.
XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1991-1780 BC.
L. 5 3/4 in. (14.5 cm.); H. 4 7/8 in. (12.3 cm.)
Ex collection of Edouard Louis Joseph, Baron Empain
(1852-1929), France.

222
EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM WOOD RIGHT ARM,
with naturalistically and finely modeled details, clasping a
wooden instrument; from a statue.
XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1991-1780 BC.
L. 10 1/8 in. (25.8 cm.) Ex collection of Edouard Louis
Joseph, Baron Empain (1852-1929), France.

223
EGYPTIAN MIDDLE
KINGDOM WOOD CLAPPERS,
each carved with a slender hand,
the finger nails well detailed, wear-
ing a triple wrist band, the arm
gently curving into the elbow.
Ancient musical instruments used
for both dance and religion.
XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1991-1780 BC.
L. 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.)
Ex collection of Edouard Louis
Joseph, Baron Empain (1852-
1929), France.

85
224
EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM GESSO-PAINTED
WOOD LEFT FOOT with sandal strap, dowel at back;
from a statue. XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1991-1780 BC.
L. 5 1/4 in. (13.2 cm.) Ex collection of Edouard Louis
Joseph, Baron Empain (1852-1929), France.

225
EGYPTIAN WOOD FRAGMENTARY
OBELISK WITH OSIRIS carved in high
relief on one side. Mummiform, he wears the
Atef-crown and holds the crook and flail; eyes
recessed for inlay.
Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex French collection.

226
EGYPTIAN WOOD STRIDING
DIGNITARY, probably a priest, with shaved
head and nude but for a kilt; arms at his
sides. Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC.
H. 9 in. (23 cm.) Ex French collection.

227
EGYPTIAN WOOD NUDE CONCUBINE
OR SERVANT, standing with her feet together
on an integral plinth, her right arm lowered,
her left bent with the hand below the breasts;
wearing a short wig of echeloned curls that
frame her face and cover her ears.
XXVth Dynasty, 712-664 BC.
H. 8 1/4 in. (20.9 cm.)
Ex Luigi Vassalli Collection (1818-1887);
Horace L. Mayer Collection; gifted to the
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in 1957.
deaccessioned in 2010.
86
Egyp tian
Var ia

228
EGYPTIAN POLYCHROME CARTONNAGE
SECTION DEPICTING THE APIS BULL
mummified, reclining on a bier, wearing a beaded
shroud, a bead necklace, a solar disk between his
horns, and flail raised at his side.
Ca. 1050-525 BC. W. 5 1/2 in. (13.9 cm.
Ex collection of Louis Zara (1920-2001)
229
EGYPTIAN PREDYNASTIC FLAKED FLINT
CURVED KNIFE with long rounded blade and
short handle grip.
4th-3rd Millennium BC. L. 7 5/8 in. (19.5 cm.)
Ex collection of Edouard Louis Joseph, Baron
Empain (1852-1929), France.
230
EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM BRONZE
KNIFE with lotus-form carved wood handle.
Ca. 1550-1070 BC. Rare.
L. 11 3/8 in. (28.8 cm.) Ex French collection.

231
EGYPTIAN WOOD COPTIC DOLL The eyes
are almond shaped and deeply incised, as is pubic
triangle. Ca. AD 395-641.
H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
Cf. W. M. F. Petrie, Objects of Daily Use,
London, 1927, pl. L, no. 600.

87
232
ANATOLIAN NEOLITHIC GOLD IDOL of stylized
human form made from sheet gold with struck decorative
dots. Two holes in the center. Rare.
Anatolia, ca. 4500 - 3300 BC. H. 1 5/8 in. (42 mm.);
Wt. 4.42 gr. Ex private collection, Vienna.
233
ANATOLIAN MARBLE KUSURA-BEYCESULTAN
TYPE IDOL of flattened form with round body, stump
arms, short neck, and ovoid head; incised ‘V’ collar.
Bronze Age II, ca. 2700-2400 BC. H. 4 1/4 in. (11 cm.)
Ex private French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art
of the Ancient World, vol. XVII, 2006, no. 218.
234
EASTERN ANATOLIAN GREEN STEATITE SEATED
FIGURE, presumably a god, his hands upon his knees,
carved with stylized human features and a conical head.
Late 4th Millennium BC. H. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.)
Ex French collection. Cf. J. L. Zimmermann, Collection de
la fondation Thétis, Geneva, 1987, no. 2.
235
EASTERN ANATOLIAN BROWN STEATITE KNEEL-
ING FIGURE, presumably a god, his hands upon his
knees, carved with stylized human features and a conical
headdress. Late 4th Millennium BC. H. 1 5/8 in. (4 cm.)
Ex collection of Jan Beekmans, Germany, assembled
between 1960-1970.

Near Eastern
Antiquities

88
236
HITTITE BRONZE LUGGED AXE
with trapezoidal heel and biconcave blade.
2nd Millennium BC. L. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.)
Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001),
Berlin. Cf. D. Russel, Antique Woodworking
Tools, Their Craftsmanship from the Earliest
Times to the Twentieth Century, Cambridge,
2010, p. 34, no. 83.
237
URARTIAN LARGE BRONZE PECTORAL
WITH REPOUSSÉ DECORATION including
three images of Inanna, the powerful goddess of
love and war, on both shoulder guards, and four
(of five) double ‘serpent chains’ draped across the front.
Very rare. 8th-7th Century BC.
W. 19 3/4 in. (50.2 cm)
Ex Zurich private collection, before 1995.
There are numerous holes around the edge where the pectoral was attached to a tunic. This crescent-shaped pec-
toral may have been worn around the neck of a high official. Two bronze statuettes in the Vorderasiatisches
Museum, Berlin, depict male figures with crescent-shaped pectorals.

89
238
PHOENICIAN LARGE TERRACOTTA STANDING YOUTH,
his right hand raised in an attitude of prayer or greeting; the left
once held an implement. Mediterranean marine encrustations.
6th Century BC.
H. 41 in. (104.1 cm.) Ex Marwan Shehab collection,
Beirut, acquired from Asfar and Sarkis, Beirut, in 1964.
239
PHOENICIAN LARGE TERRACOTTA HALF-FIGURE OF A
SEATED NUDE YOUTH, possibly a victorious athlete, with
pierced ears. The legs, now lost, were apparently made separately
and then attached; part of the bench remaining. Mediterranean
marine encrustations. 6th Century BC. H. 14 1/8 in. (35.9 cm.)
Ex Marwan Shehab collection, Beirut, acquired from Asfar and
Sarkis, Beirut, in 1964.
240
PHOENICIAN LARGE TERRACOTTA PREGNANT YOUNG
WOMAN standing veiled, wearing a diaphanous long garment
that clings to her body, playing the double flute. Mediterranean
marine encrustations. 6th Century BC. H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm.)
Ex Marwan Shehab collection, Beirut, acquired from Asfar and
Sarkis, Beirut, in 1964.

241
PHOENICIAN TERRACOTTA HEAD OF A YOUTH WITH
ROWS OF CURLS, possibly a victorious athlete, with pierced ears.
6th Century BC. H. 7 5/8 in. (19.5 cm) Ex French collection.

90
242 SCYTHIAN IRON DAGGER A double-edged blade with the characteristically-shaped quillons;
broad tang with decorative notches on the side; a ring-shaped pommel, the ends terminating in
stylized eagle heads. Black Sea, 3rd-2nd Century BC. L. 17 1/4 in. (44 cm)
Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.

243 SCYTHIAN IRON DAGGER A two-edged blade with typically formed handle
characteristically-shaped quillons; a slender shank with wide iron pommel.
Black Sea, 3rd-2nd Century BC.
L. 11 1/4in. (28.5 cm) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s.
244 NEAR EASTERN IRON SWORD, the blade with a broad flattened mid-rib, the
grip with a tang pierced with two discs separating the three now-missing sections of
inlay; with a crescent-shaped pommel. 1st Millennium BC. L. 20 in. (51 cm.)
Ex English private collection, acquired in London in 1985.

245 SCYTHIAN GOLD AEDICULA PENDANT OF A GODDESS standing within a


shrine, restraining a crouching lion in each hand by a chain. 8th - 7th Century BC.
H. 2 3/4 in. (7.1 cm.) Ex German collection.

246 SCYTHIAN SILVER FINGER RING ENGRAVED WITH A HORSEMAN, his


arms extended. Southeast Caspian region. Earlier 1st Millennium BC. Rare.
Diam. 2.8 cm.; Wt: 46.9 g.; Size 7 1/2 Ex German private collection, acquired
before 1980.

91
247
WESTERN ASIATIC ORANGE BRECCIA CHALICE, the hemispheric cup on a thick column flaring at the
base. Late 3rd-early 2nd Millennium BC. H. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm.) Ex French collection.
248
PARTHIAN BRONZE HANDLE: LEAPING LIONESS OR PANTHER.
Ca. 3rd Century AD. L. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm) On loan to the Sackler Art Museum, Harvard, 1989-2011.
249
SCYTHO-SARMATIAN OPENWORK BRONZE HORSE TRAPPING, shield-shaped with two resisters of ani-
mals, the lower with a pair of rearing horses confronted against a central pole standard. East of Colchis, Black
Sea area, N.E. Caucasus (Georgia), 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Cf. V. Nauka, Archéologie de
l’Union Soviétique, 1992, p. 10, no. 13.
250
SCYTHO-SARMATIAN OPENWORK BRONZE HORSE TRAPPING, shield-shaped with two registers of
birds, beneath are two rearing horses confronted against a central pole standard. East of Colchis, Black Sea area,
N.E. Caucasus (Georgia). 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 6 5/8 in. (17 cm.); w. 5 3/8 in. (13.6 cm.)
Ex Dr. Wassilijew collection; French collection. Similar bronzes were found in the Caucasus, west of the
Caspian Sea in Dagestan (See R. Agayev, ‘Belt
Buckles from Dagestan’, Soviet Archaeology.)

92
251
BACTRIAN BRONZE AXE HEAD The narrow blade
decorated with incised chevrons, cut-away socket with
banded edges, the shaft decorated with two squatting
figures each wearing short tunic, one wrestling a seated
feline the other with arms around the feline and a
standing quadruped. 2nd Millennium BC. L. 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm.) Ex English collection, 1990s;
with Royal-Athena in 1995. Probably unique.

Have you visited our greatly expanded


and improved website?
It now includes a video gallery.
Over 1200 Greek, Etruscan,
Roman, Byzantine, Egyptian, and Near
Eastern antiquities are presented,
with new acquisitions added weekly.
93
Why Collect Ancient Art? his objects of art, rather than depositing them in a
There are several reasons for collecting fine works vault or holding receipts. Also, art is not as volatile
of ancient art: as stocks and bonds, the coin, gem, and collectibles
• The excitement of owning a beautiful work of art markets, and especially the gold and silver markets.
that has survived for perhaps some 2,000 years or Sylvia Porter in her New Money Book recommends
more. classical antiquities as one of the best types of art for
• The decoration of one's home or office with unique rapid growth. Dr Eisenberg was first quoted on the
objects whose beauty and desirability have withstood investment value of ancient art in the February 9,
the test of time. 1966 issue of Newsday - over 40 years ago! - and
• The creative satisfaction, enjoyment, and pride most recently in Business Week.
in forming a truly fine collection.
• The probable appreciation in value. Royal-Athena Galleries
Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., the founder and
How to Collect Ancient Art director of Royal-Athena Galleries, is usually at the
Sylvia Porter lists ten sound rules as a guide in art New York gallery and visits the London gallery sev-
collecting: eral times each year. He is available by appointment
1. Study the field which interests you as much as for consultation, expertise, and appraisals; or for a
possible. telephone conference. At no obligation he will
2. Buy cautiously at first. arrange a private viewing with guidance on a sophis-
3. Make sure that your work of art has quality. ticated long term program of collecting and invest-
4. Deal with a top gallery or art dealer. “Some deal- ing in the fine arts. He also is in attendance at all
ers and major galleries will guarantee the authentici- the fairs in which we exhibit.
ty of the art works they sell, so check this point as Over the past 55 years we have sold more than 800
well." (Not only have we been guaranteeing our works of ancient art to many of the country's lead-
ancient art for over fifty years, but to the best of our ing museums, including the Metropolitan Museum
knowledge our two-day auction sale conducted by of Art, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Sackler
Parke-Bernet Galleries (now Sotheby's) in 1964 was Art Museum at Harvard University, the Yale
the first auction sale by several years in which every University Art Gallery, the Princeton University Art
piece was guaranteed - but by us!) Museum, the Newark Museum, the Walters Art
5. Have an understanding with your dealer or gallery Gallery, the Detroit lnstitute of Arts, the Cincinnati
about trading up - so he’ll repurchase or resell your Art Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, the
works as you have more money to invest in high qual- Milwaukee Public Museum, the New Orleans
ity art. (We normally allow full credit for the exchange Museum of Art, the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts,
or upgrading of objects purchased from us.) the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the J.
6. Do not buy art works just because they are a cur- Paul Getty Museum. In addition to the British
rent rage. Museum and the Louvre, we have sold ancient
7. Ask the advice of museum directors or curators works of art to the Benaki Museum (Athens), the
whenever possible. Egyptian Museum (Barcelona), the Musée du
8. Decide upon your investing limit before you buy. Cinquantenaire (Brussels), the Museum of Fine Arts
If you fall in love with a more expensive object try to (Budapest), the Römisch-Germanisches Museum
arrange for a time payment. (We certainly encourage (Cologne), the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden
this and offer flexible time payments!) (Leiden), the Museo Archeológico Nacional
9. Spread your financial risks by buying a variety of (Madrid), the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the
art unless you are an expert in a particular field. Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto), the Papyrus
10. “Buy the best examples you can afford in any Museum (Vienna), and a number of other museums
category.” in Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Germany,
We would add two other important rules: Japan, and Switzerland. The new Mougins Museum
11. Ask for the provenance of any potential acqui- of Classical Art in Mougins, France, has acquired
sitions. nearly 200 antiquities from us. The catalogs of clas-
12. Do not buy objects that have been signifi- sical marble sculptures from the Museum of Fine
cantly restored. Beware of overly restored faces in Arts, Boston, and from the J. Paul Getty Museum
both vase painting and sculpture. illustrate no less than 39 pieces acquired from our
galleries. In addition, over one thousand objects
Ancient Art as an lnvestment purchased from us have been donated to many other
Historically, ancient art investments have yielded museums, including the Freer Gallery of Art, the
excellent long-term capital appreciation, usually 8% Sackler Gallery (The Smithsonian Institution), and
to 10% annually. Any investment in tangibles, espe- the Brooklyn Museum of Art.
cially works of art, should be projected for at least Dr. Eisenberg travels overseas several times annu-
five to ten vears. Normally one should not hold more ally to visit collectors, museums, clients, and many
than 10% of their investment portfolio in art. of the nearly 150 private sources, agents, dealers,
Collecting fine art is a pleasurable way of hedging and auction houses with whom he is in frequent
against inflation because the investor can enjoy contact. Since 1954 he has made over 250 overseas
94 trips, purchasing over forty thousand antiquities for
many tens of millions of dollars.
This aggressive purchasing policy, perhaps without par-
allel in the field, enables us to offer an extraordinary Dr. Eisenberg has been a leader for several years
number of choice objects at very reasonable prices. Our in the promotion of the ethical
willingness to buy in volume and to purchase our acquisition of antiquities by museums and collec-
inventory outright, rather than to take it on consign- tors and has delivered papers on this subject at the
ment, results in extremely competitive pricing, often Archaeology Section of the U.K. Institute for
considerably below that of other galleries. Conservation in 1993 and at the 1998 International
Furthermore, exchanges and purchases are fre- Congress of Classical Arch-aeologists. He gave an
quently made from many past and present clients address by invitation on the international trade in
who may be upgrading their collections or liquidat- antiquities at the UNIDROIT Convention in
ing some of their holdings in order to collect in other Rome in 1993.
areas. Exchanges or purchases are sometimes carried He organized two symposia in New York in 1994
out with museums both in the United States and in on public policy and the movement of antiquities
Europe for their duplicate accessions or for objects and in 1998 on the acquisition of antiquities by
not in their recent or current fields of specialization. museums for the International Association of
Dealers in Ancient Art, of which he is a founding
Expertise and Ethics member and was a member of the executive board
Ancient art has been the specialty of our director from 1993 to 2002.
for some 57 years, and numismatics for 70 years. In 1999 he presented testimony to the United
His many publications on ancient art and numismat- States Cultural Properties Committee on the legal
ics span over five decades. The first volume of Art of and illegal trade in ancient art in Italy.
the Ancient World by Dr. Eisenberg was published in In 2003 he was a featured speaker and panel partic-
1965. Since 1968 Dr. Eisenberg has concentrated on ipant in the U.S. Government Conference on
expertise in the ancient arts, having lectured on this Stolen Mideast Antiquities in Washington, D.C.
subject at New York University and presented sever- Also in 2003 he featured on the European TV chan-
al scholarly papers at the annual meetings of the nel Arte and on BBC Radio’s File on Four in in-
Archaeological Institute of America, most recently
depth interviews on the antiquities trade. He ap-
on the ‘Roman’ Rubens Vase. His wide range of
peared on television on CBS News, Dateline NBC,
expertise is further revealed through other recent
papers: on Egyptian bronzes at a Congress of the PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour, and CBC Television
International Association of Egyptologists, on (Canada), and was interviewed on the BBC and
Etruscan bronze forgeries at an International Bronze PBR Radio, and in print in the New York Times,
Congress, on the ‘Greek’ Boston and Ludovisi Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Philadelphia
thrones at the Magna Graecia Symposium in Venice, Inquirer, Washington Post, The Times, and a dozen
on Roman bronze forgeries at the 1999 International other publications. In 2004 he was featured on a
Bronze Congress, and on the Portland Vase as a Discovery Channel program and on Fox News on
Renaissance work of art at the 2003 International the antiquities trade. Also in 2004 he presented a
Congress of Classical Archaeology. He chaired a paper on ‘The Mesopotamian Antiquities Trade and
conference in London on the Phaistos Disk in 2008. the Looting of the Iraq Museum’ to the American
In 1996 he was a Visiting Professor at the Institute Bar Association. In 2005 he was interviewed on the
of Classical Archaeology of the University of Leipzig, antiquities market and the collecting of antiquities
Germany. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal on National Public Radio in the US and in 2006 on
Numismatic Society in 1952; a member of the National Public Television in Athens, Greece.
Archaeological Institute of America in 1960 (and a In 2007 he delivered a paper on ‘Perspectives on
Life Member in 1988); a Patron of the American the Antiquities Trade and the Collector: Past,
Numismatic Society in 1955 (and a Life Associate in
Present, and Future’ at the symposium ‘The Future
1998); a Fellow for Life of the Metropolitan
of the Global Past’ at Yale University. He was inter-
Museum of Art in 1966; and most recently, a
Benefactor of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and viewed in depth for his expertise on Greek televi-
an Honorary Fellow of the Egyptian Museum in sion in 2008 and on Artfinding in 2009.
Barcelona, Spain.
Dr. Eisenberg has appeared as an Expert in the
Courts of several states and has conducted appraisals
for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. In the newly opened Mougins Museum of
Treasury Department, the U.S. Customs Service, the Classical Art, in the French Riviera, a few kilo-
Metropolitan Museum of Art and the J. Paul Getty meters away from Cannes, among the four
Museum, as well as many other prominent institu- floors of works of art there are nearly 200
tions. He was elected a Qualified Appraiser by the antiquities acquired from Royal-Athena includ-
Appraisers Association of America in 1964 and has ing many marble statues and heads, bronze hel-
recently participated in several episodes of the mets, and other ancient treasures. They have
Antiques Road Show. He served on the vetting com- an excellent website and a superb catalog has
mittee of the European Fine Art Fair at Maastricht just been issued. See www.mouginsmusee.com.
from 1993 to 2001 and was the Chairman and co-
organizer of the New York Antiquarian International
95
Fine Art Fair held in November 2001.
Ancient Coins
We carry a fine stock of select Greek silver and bronze coins from $100, Roman gold coins from
$1,000, and Roman silver and bronze coins from $75. We began our business as ‘Royal Coin Company’
in January 1942, 70 years ago, and Dr Eisenberg, cofounder of the firm, has specialized in ancient coins,
as sole proprietor, since 1952.

Acknowledgements
Dr. Eisenberg wishes to express his gratitude to F. Williamson Price who has again diligently prepared
and co-authored the catalog, to Ramon Perez who did nearly all of the photography, to the scholars who
attributed and reattributed some of the sculptures and vases, especially Kees Neeft and the late Konrad
Schauenburg, and to the several others who prefer to remain anonymous.

Wanted to Purchase: Fine Antiquities of All Periods


We are prepared to travel world-wide to acquire select works of legally acquired ancient art
for our continually expanding clientele.
We will purchase collections of any size, act as your agent to sell your objects on commission, or
exchange them for other select pieces from our extensive inventory.
Send photographs and full details with your letter or e-mail.

International Association of Confederation Internationale des Art and Appraisers Association


Dealers in Ancient Art Negociants en Oeuvres d’Art Antique Dealers League of America

MINERVA
Minerva, the bi-monthly, international review of ancient art,
archaeology, and numismatics, published in England, was
established by Dr Eisenberg, its publisher and editor-in-chief
from 1990 to 2009. It features the most extensive and timely
coverage by any magazine of worldwide excavations, auctions and
exhibitions emphasizing Greece, Etruria, the Roman Empire,
Egypt, and the Near East.
The book reviews are concise and objective. It also includes the
most extensive annotated listings of international museum exhibi-
tions, meetings, and symposia in ancient art and archaeology.
Sample copies: $8 or £6 postpaid.
editorial@minervamagazine.com www.minervamagazine.com

Subscription (6 issues per year): U.S.A., Canada, and rest of world:


U.K.: 1 year £21, 2 years £39, 5 years £90. Surface: 1 year $50, 2 years $90, 5 years $220.
Europe: 1 year £23, 2 years £44, 5 years £100. Air: 1 year $66, 2 years $122, 5 years $296.

96
Recent Royal-Athena Catalogs: • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIII, 2002) illus-
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XV, 2004) illustrates trates in full color 203 objects. (80 pages, $5)
in full color 190 objects. (72 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIV, 2003) illus-
• Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World trates in full color 225 objects. (80 pages, $5)
(2004, illustrates in full color 80 objects, 80 pages, $5) • A number of the objects in the last several catalogs
• Ancient Arms, Armor, and Images of Warfare are still available. Price lists will be included.
(2004, illustrates in full color 100 objects, 48 pages, $5) • All 10 of the above catalogs, 1985 through 2003
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVI, 2005, illustrates (total list price $65), only $50. (Add $50 for over-
in full color 192 objects, 80 pages, $5) seas airmail.)
• Mythologies of the Classical World & Ancient Egypt Orders for our catalogs may be charged to your credit
(2006, 48 pages, $5) card.
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVII, 2006, illustrates Trade lnquiries
in full color 233 objects, 96 pages, $5) We cordially invite inquiries from fellow art dealers,
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVIII, 2007, illustrates art consultants, architects, interior designers, and insti-
in full color 259 objects, 96 pages, $5) tutional collectors and investors.
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIX, 2008, illustrates Special Presentations, Condition Reports, and
Color Photographs of Objects
in full color 222 objects, 96 pages, $5)
We can supply special presentations with further
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XX, 2009, illustrates in
information, such as condition reports, and 4 x 6 in.
full color 217 objects, 96 pages, $5)
(10x15 cm.) or 8 x 10 in. (20x25 cm.) color pho-
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXI, 2010, illustrates
tographs, often with other views or close-ups, on
in full color 252 objects, 96 pages, $5)
any of the objects illustrated in this catalog upon
• 1000 Years of Ancient Greek Vases, 2010, illustrates in
request. A selection of photographs may also be
full color 195 vases, 96 pages, $5)
viewed at our London gallery or at the various fairs.
• All 11 of the above catalogs (total list price $50),
with price lists: $40. (Add $50 for overseas airmail.) Conservation and Mounting Services
A professional conservator, Alina Bessarabova,
Other Royal-Athena Catalogs Available working on our premises in New York, does expert
conservation and restoration of ancient art and
• Art of the Ancient World antiques. A same-day or a one day service is available
(Vol. IV, 1985) illustrates in full color over 600 works of for an additional charge. Small metal and wood
art. 208 pages, 192 color plates: $15 mountings and bases are custom made but due to
• Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World insurance restrictions this work is usually limited to
(1989) illustrates in full color 180 objects. (52 pages, $5) objects purchased from us. We are pleased to accept
• One Thousand Years of Ancient Greek Vases from trade accounts.
Greece, Etruria, & Southern Italy (1990) illustrates in Terms and Conditions of Sale
full color 186 vases. (48 pages, $5) All items are offered subject to prior sale. All prices
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. VIII, 1995) illustrates are subject to change without notice, otherwise, the cur-
in full color 244 objects. (48 pages, $5) rent price list is valid through 2012. The following cred-
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. IX, 1997) illustrates it cards are honored: American Express,Visa, Mastercard.
in full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $5) A deferred payment plan is also available. New York res-
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. X, 1999) illustrates in idents must add the appropriate sales taxes (currently 8
full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $5) 7/8%). No cash refunds may be made after 10 days of
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XI, 2000) illustrates receipt; however, full credit is allowed on all objects pur-
in full color 167 objects. (64 pages, $5) chased from our galleries with the exception of a few
• Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XII, 2001) illustrates consigned items. All shipping and insurance charges will
in full color 410 objects; 30 pages of glossaries and be billed to the purchaser. Title remains with Royal-
mythologies. (161 pages, $10) Athena Galleries until payment is made in full.

royal-athena galleries
established 1942

Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., Director F. Williamson Price, Associate Director

New York
Richard M. Novakovich Assistant Director & Alan J. Eisenberg Newsletter Editor
Manager Ramon Perez Photographer
Betty W. Eisenberg Comptroller Andrew England Webmaster
Suzanne George Office Manager Alina Bessarabova Conservator

London (Seaby Antiquities)


Anthony Law Administrator
Peter Clayton Consultant
royal-athena galleries
new york london