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Pipe size calculation

Sl.No. Description Unit


1 Flow of fluid 50 T/hr
2 Fluid Velocity 45 m/s
3 Density of fluid 20.5853 kg/m3

Pipe diameter 138.16 mm

Outer diameter 168.3 mm


Thickness 14.27 mm
Area of pipe 0.01534306 m

Velocity 43.97 m/s


Pipe wall thickness & Grade calculation
As per Power piping code 31.1
PDo
Tm = +A (Page 15)
2(SE+Py)
P= Design pressure 84.216 ksca
Do = Outer diamter 33.4 mm
SE = Allowable stress 802 ksca
y = Coefficient having values as given in table
104.1.2(A) 0.5

A= Additional thickness 2 mm
Tm = 3.67 mm
Tnominal 4.12 mm
Tprovided 4.55 mm
Design pressure shall not exceed
2SE(Tm-A)
P= Do- (Page 15)
2y(Tm-A)
P= 132.58 Kg/cm2

Tn - Tm
Bending tolerance
Tm
Tm = Minimum thickness requried (mm) 4.12 mm
Tn = Provided thickness (mm) 4.55 mm
Bending tolerance 10.32 %
Darcy equation
4fLV2
hf = 2gD

hf = Head loss to friction in m


f= Friction factor 0.0185
V = Velocity of flow 28.28 m/s

g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s²

D = Inside diameter of pipe 0.09718 m


ρ= Density of steam 19.88 kg/m³
μ= Dynamic viscosity 25.25 kg/m-s
L= Length of pipe 250 m
Re = (ρVD) / μ
Re = Reynolds number

Re = 2163771.01

hf = 1939.97 m
∆P = 378338.06 N/m2
∆P = 3.86 kg/cm2
Hazen Williams’s formula
1.1101x1010 (Q/C) 1.85
∆P = D4.87

∆P = Frictional pressure drop


Q = Flow rate 15 m³/hr
Hazen-Williams
C = roughness coefficient 140
factor, dimensionless
D = Inside diameter 53.1 mm

0.71 kPa/m
Length 250 m
∆P = 176.82 kPa
∆P = 1.80 kg/cm2