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APPENDIX F:

FORMAT OF THE WRITTEN MANUSCRIPT

The manuscript must be printed in short bond paper (8½ in x 11 in) using the UST
thesis template and the following format:
 FONT
o Times New Roman
 FONT SIZE
o Size 14 – Main headings including chapter number and title
o Size 12 – text
o Free size – title of tables/ graphs/ figures and text of tables
 MARGINS
o Top – 1.45
o Bottom – 1.25
o Left – 1.80
o Right – 0.93
 SPACING
o Use DOUBLE SPACE for the text
 3 double spaces BEFORE the chapter number
 1 double space AFTER the chapter number

 2 double spaces AFTER the chapter title


 2 double spaces AFTER each subtopic

 2 double spaces BEFORE the title of a table


 1 double space AFTER the title of a table
 2 double spaces AFTER a table

 2 double spaces BEFORE a figure


 1 double space AFTER a figure
 2 double spaces AFTER the title of the figure
 PAGING
o Roman numeral in lower case (eg. i., ii., iii., …) – TITLE PAGE to LIST OF
FIGURES
o Hindu Arabic numbers (eg. 1., 2., 3., …) – CHAPTER 1 to LAST PAGE OF
APPENDIX/ APPENDICES
 TABLES
o Should be aligned center
o Title should be placed ABOVE the table
 FIGURES
o Should be aligned center
o Title should be placed BELOW the figure

 TENSES
o PAST TENSE - for:
 Review of related literature
 Research methodology
 Discussion of results
 Summary and conclusion
o FUTURE TENSE - for:
 Significance of the study
 Recommendations
 PRINTING
o Page numbers should NOT appear on the following pages:
 Title page
 Every first page of each chapter

1. TITLE PAGE
 Title should be clear and precise
 Center alignment
 Thesis title should assume an “inverted pyramid”
 Bold font, NOT in all caps.

2. APPROVAL SHEET
 Duly signed by the adviser after passing the oral defense

3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
 Includes the names of individual(s) and institution(s) who provided assistance that
have lead to the realization of your thesis.

4. ABSTRACT
 Consists of (1) background of the study, (2) objective of the study, (3)
methodology, (4) results and conclusion
 Single-spaced with a maximum of 300 words

5. TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Lists the different parts of the manuscript with the corresponding page number

6. LIST OF TABLES (if applicable)


 Consists of the table number, title and page number

7. LIST OF FIGURES (if applicable)


 Consists of the figure number, title and page number

8. CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
 Includes
i. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
ii. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
iii. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
iv. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
v. DEFINITION OF TERMS

9. CHAPTER 2 – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE


 Presents a sufficient background information that would allow readers to
understand and evaluate the results of the present study
10. CHAPTER 3 – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
 Should include the following
i. MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
o The exact technical specifications, quantities, method of preparation
of all materials and reagents
o If the study involves the used of animals, indicate the animals’
source, age/sex, handling and housing. Compliance with the UST-
RCNAS IACUC should be specified.
ii. GENERAL PROCEDURE
o The manner and sequence by which the experiment or sets of
observation were done. Use the narrative/paragraph form when
stating the step by step procedure and NOT the “recipe”/outline
style.
iii. STATISTICAL TREATMENT
o The specific type of analysis or test should be discussed.

11. CHAPTER 4 – RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS


 This chapter may be divided into subsections describing each set of experiments
or observations.
i. FINDINGS
o The data may be presented in full and discussed descriptively in the
text. Data ideally, may be summarized in appropriate tables or
graphs. The statistical test used to determine the possible
significance of the findings should be described.
ii. ANALYSIS OF DATA
o The interpretation of the findings is discussed and significant
features shown in tables, figures, graphs are pointed out.
12. CHAPTER 5 – CONCLUSION AND DIRECTION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
 This chapter should include the following
i. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
ii. CONCLUSION
o The general truth implied or illustrated by the results should be
clearly stated. The evidence based on the results should be
summarized for each statement.
iii. RECOMMENDATIONS
o Consists of suggestions on future actions such as new direction of
research or further experiments to be performed, practices that
might be adapted or discarded in order to attain certain goals or
objectives.
13. BIBLIOGRAPHY
 It includes a list of the references used in guiding the research work and writing of
the manuscript.
14. APPENDICES
 The following are materials for appendices
i. Original data
ii. Summary tabulations
iii. Tables containing data of lesser importance (as distinguished from those
presenting major data in the text)
iv. Supplementary illustrative materials such as forms and documents.
v. Certificates
o Certificate of Originality
o Certificate of Statistical Assistance
o Certificate of English Editing