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Laplace Transforms/Annihilators

Property 1. If y1 and y2 are functions and c1 Property
 at 11.
and c2 are numbers, then L {c1 y1 + c2 y2 } = L e y = [L {y}]s→s−a
c1 L {y1 } + c2 L {y2 }
d
Property 12. L {ty} = − ds L {y}
Property 2. If y is differentiable and if y is
defined at t = 0, then L {y ′ } = sL {y} − y(0). Property 13.
dn
L {tn y} = (−1)n ds n L {y}

Property 3. L {0} = 0
PropertyR 14.

Property 4. L e
 at
= 1 L {y} = 0 e−st y dt
s−a

1
Property 15. If Ua denotes the unit step func-
Property 5. L {1} = s tion at t = a, then L {Ua } = e s
−as

1
Property 6. L {t} = s2 Property 16.
L {g(t)Ua } = L {g(t + a)} e−as
n!
Property 7. L {tn } = sn+1
Property 17. If g is a periodicR pfunction of pe-
b riod p, then L {g(t)} = 1−e1−ps 0 e−st g(t) dt
Property 8. L {sin(bt)} = s2 +b2

Property18.
s
Property 9. L {cos(bt)} = s2 +b2 y0 for 0 < t < a

If f (t) = y1 for a < t < b then
Property 10.

y2 for t > b

nR o
t 1
L 0 y dx = s L {y} f (t) = y0 + (y1 − y0 )Ua + (y2 − y1 )Ub

Operator Annihilates
D n+1 Degree n polynomial
D−a eax
(D − a)n+1 eax times a degree n polynomial
D 2 + b2 cos(bx) and sin(bx)
(D 2 + b2 )n+1 cos(bx) and sin(bx) times a degree n polynomial
D 2 − 2aD + (a2 + b2 ) eax cos(bx) and eax sin(bx)
[D 2 − 2aD + (a2 + b2 )]n+1 eax cos(bx) and eax sin(bx) times a degree n polynomial

If L1 annihilates f (x) and L2 annihilates g(x) then L1 L2 annihilates f (x) + g(x).

If f (x) = y1 (t) + y2 (t)Ua + y3 (t)Ub then y1 (t) + y2 (t) for a < t < b  y1 (t) + y2 (t) + y3 (t) for t > b  Page 2 . Laplace Transforms/Annihilators tn−1   1 Property 19. L −1 = Ua (t) s   Property 25. L −1 = e (s − a)n (n − 1)! n o b Property 21. L −1 s2 +b2 = sin bt n o s Property 22. L −1 = sn (n − 1)! tn−1 at   1 Property 20. L −1 {G(s) |s→s−a } = eat L −1 {G(s)}   e−as Property 24. L −1 {F (s)G(s)} = f (t) ⋆ g(t) = 0 f (x)g(t − x) dx  y1 (t)  for t < a Property 27. L −1 {G(s)e−as } = L −1 {G(s)} t→t−a Ua (t) Rt Property 26. L −1 s2 +b2 = cos bt Property 23.