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Job No. Sheet No. Rev.

CONSULTING Engineering Calculation Sheet


E N G I N E E R S Consulting Engineers jXXX 1
Member/Location

Job Title Connection Design - Steel Base Plate BS5950 v2015.01.xlsm


Drg. Ref.

Connection Design - Steel Base Plate Made by


XX Date
19-08-2015 Chd.

BS5950
Axial and Shear Base Plate Design

Characteristic strength of bedding concrete (including grout), fcu 40 N/mm2


Note bedding material usually of the same strength as the base concrete;
Base plate steel grade (usually grade 43)
Base plate design strength, pyp 235 N/mm2

Type of column section


Column section Plate Girder Support Stiffened Connection
Total depth, D 1425.0 mm
Web thickness, t 40.0 mm
Flange width, B 540.0 mm
Flange thickness, T 20.0 mm
Root radius, ri 0.0 mm
Area, Acol 770.0 cm2

ULS axial force, Fc (compressive) 14000 kN


ULS shear force in major plane, Vx 750 kN
ULS shear force in minor plane, Vy 750 kN

Utilisation Summary

Axial base plate size utilisation 41% OK


Axial base plate thickness utilisation 62% OK
Shear base plate fillet weld design utilisation 81% OK
Shear base plate bolt design utilisation 63% OK
Job No. Sheet No. Rev.
CONSULTING Engineering Calculation Sheet
E N G I N E E R S Consulting Engineers jXXX 2
Member/Location

Job Title Connection Design - Steel Base Plate BS5950 v2015.01.xlsm


Drg. Ref.

Connection Design - Steel Base Plate Made by


XX Date
19-08-2015 Chd.

BS5950

Axial Base Plate Size Design

Base plate dimension, Dp (usually >= 2 sides x 100mm than column dimensions) 1680 mm
Base plate dimension, Bp (usually >= 2 sides x 100mm than column dimensions) 850 mm
Base plate area, Ap = Bp.Dp 1428000 mm2
Note only rectagular base plates are considered; Circular base plates are not considered;
Base plate required area, Areq 583333 mm2
Base plate size utilisation = Areq/Ap 41% OK

Axial Base Plate Thickness Design

Base plate thickness, tp (usually <=55mm to avoid machining in bearing type, >= 85.0
max mm
(t, T))
Projection dimension, c Goal seek (A ef f , modif ied-A req) t o 0.0 by changing c 95.3 mm
Base plate effective area, Aeff, modified 583333 mm2
UC/UB section 583333 mm2
Column perimeter, Per col = 2.(D+2B-t)+4.( π .r i /2-2r i 4930 mm
Check fit D+2c <= D p 1616 mm Fit
Check fit B+2c <= B p 731 mm Fit
Check no overlap (D-2T)/2 >= c 693 mm No Overlap
2
583333 mm
A eff, modified = (if no overlap) A eff -max(0, D+2c-D p ).(B+2c)-max(0, B+2c-B
= (if overlap) min(D+2c, D p ).min(B+2c, B p N/A mm2
RHS/SHS section N/A mm2
Mean wall perimeter length = 2.(D+B-t-T) N/A mm
Check fit D+2c <= D p N/A mm N/A
Check fit B+2c <= B p N/A mm N/A
Check no overlap (D-2T)/2 >= c N/A mm N/A
Check no overlap (B-2t)/2 >= c N/A mm N/A
2
A eff, modified N/A mm
= (if no overlap) A eff -max(0, D+2c-D p ).(B+2c)-max(0, B+2c-B
= (if overlap) min(D+2c, D p ).min(B+2c, B p N/A mm2
CHS section N/A mm2
Check fit D+2c <= D p N/A mm N/A
Check fit D+2c <= B p N/A mm N/A
Check no overlap (D-2t)/2 >= c N/A mm N/A
A eff, modified = (if no overlap) A eff -max[0, π .(D+2c) 2 /4- N/A mm2
= (if overlap) π .min(D+2c, D p , B p ) 2 /4 N/A mm2
Require (Aeff, modified - Areq) --> 0 0 mm2 OK
Base plate thickness required, tpreq 52.8 mm
Base plate thickness utilisation = tpreq/tp 62% OK
Job No. Sheet No. Rev.
CONSULTING Engineering Calculation Sheet
E N G I N E E R S Consulting Engineers jXXX 3
Member/Location

Job Title Connection Design - Steel Base Plate BS5950 v2015.01.xlsm


Drg. Ref.

Connection Design - Steel Base Plate Made by


XX Date
19-08-2015 Chd.

BS5950

Shear Base Plate Weld Design

Bearing type (usually bearing type)


Note flatness tolerance of base plate 0.75mm for bearing type;
Weld electrode grade
Steel grade (the lower grade of the connecting element(s))
Design strength of fillet weld, pw 220 N/mm2
Fillet weld size (i.e. leg length), s (usually 6.0mm or 8.0mm) 6.0 mm
Fillet weld throat thickness, a = 0.7s 4.2 mm
Fillet weld longitudinal capacity per unit length, PL = pw.a 0.92 kN/mm
Fillet weld transverse capacity per unit length, PT = 1.25pw.a 1.16 kN/mm
Fillet weld total effective length in major plane, lwe,x 2500 mm
Fillet weld total effective length in minor plane, lwe,y 1000 mm
Fillet weld longitudinal capacity in major plane, PL.lwe,x 2310 kN
Fillet weld longitudinal capacity in minor plane, PL.lwe,y 924 kN
Fillet weld transverse capacity in major plane, PT.lwe,x 2888 kN
Fillet weld transverse capacity in minor plane, PT.lwe,y 1155 kN
Fillet weld longitudinal utilisation in major plane 32% OK
No Overlap UC/UB section V x /(P L .l we,x ) 32%
RHS/SHS section V x /(P L .l we,x ) N/A
CHS section V x /(P L .l we,x ) N/A
Fillet weld longitudinal utilisation in minor plane 81% OK
UC/UB section V y /(P L .l we,y ) 81%
RHS/SHS section V y /(P L .l we,y ) N/A
CHS section V y /(P L .l we,y ) N/A
Fillet weld transverse utilisation in major plane 0% OK
UC/UB section (D-2T).t/A col .F c /(P T .l we,x ) 0%
RHS/SHS section 2.(D-2T).t/A col .F c /(P T .l we,x ) N/A
CHS section 0.5.F c /(P T .l we,x ) N/A
Note axial force component ignored in the bearing type, accounted for in the non-bearing type;
Fillet weld transverse utilisation in minor plane 0% OK
UC/UB section 2BT/A col .F c /(P T .l we,y ) 0%
RHS/SHS section 2BT/A col .F c /(P T .l we,y ) N/A
CHS section 0.5.F c /(P T .l we,y ) N/A
Note axial force component ignored in the bearing type, accounted for in the non-bearing type;
Fillet weld combined longitudinal and transverse utilisation in major plane 11% OK
UC/UB section [(D-2T).t/A col .F c /(P T .l we,x )] 2 + [V x /(P L .l we,x 11%
RHS/SHS section [2.(D-2T).t/A col .F c /(P T .l we,x )] 2 + [V x /(P L N/A
CHS section [0.5.F c /(P T .l we,x )] 2 + [V x /(P L .l we,x )] 2 N/A
Note axial force component ignored in the bearing type, accounted for in the non-bearing type;
Fillet weld combined longitudinal and transverse utilisation in minor plane 66% OK
UC/UB section [2BT/A col .F c /(P T .l we,y )] 2 + [V y /(P L .l we,y )] 66%
RHS/SHS section [2BT/A col .F c /(P T .l we,y )] 2 + [V y /(P L .l we,y )] N/A
2 2
CHS section [0.5.F c /(P T .l we,y )] + [V y /(P L .l we,y )] N/A
Note axial force component ignored in the bearing type, accounted for in the non-bearing type;
Base plate fillet weld design utilisation 81% OK
Job No. Sheet No. Rev.
CONSULTING Engineering Calculation Sheet
E N G I N E E R S Consulting Engineers jXXX 4
Member/Location

Job Title Connection Design - Steel Base Plate BS5950 v2015.01.xlsm


Drg. Ref.

Connection Design - Steel Base Plate Made by


XX Date
19-08-2015 Chd.

BS5950

Shear Base Plate Bolt Design

1. The embedded length of bolt into concrete is usually 16 to 18 times the bolt diameter, d;
2. The bolt thread length is usually 100mm plus the bolt diameter, d;
3. The bolt grade is usually 4.6. The bolt is usually M20 for lighter construction, M24 for base plates up
to 50mm and M36 for base plates greater than 50mm;
4. The bolt clearance hole in the base plate is usually 6mm larger than the bolt diameter, d;
5. The diameter for the location tube (required for site tolerance for bolt placement) is usually 100mm
or 3 times the bolt diameter, d, whichever is greater;
6. The bedding space (required for grouting location tubes) is usually 50mm, but can be 25mm to
50mm for lightly loaded bases;
7. In base plates 700mm x 700mm and larger, a grout 50mm hole should be provided to allow trapped
air to escape and also for inspection; A grout hole should be provided for every 0.5m2 of base plate; If
grout is to be placed through the grout hole, then the diameter should be increased to 100mm;

Bolt classification
Steel grade (the lower grade of the connecting element(s))
Design shear strength of bolt, ps 375 N/mm2
Design bearing strength of bolt, pbb 1000 N/mm2
Design bearing strength of plate, pbs 460 N/mm2
Design tension strength of bolt, pt 560 N/mm2
Bolt diameter, d 30.0 mm
Bolt area, A 561.0 mm2
Plate thickness, tp 85.0 mm
Bolt hole factor, kbs 0.7
Edge distance, e 50.0 mm
Bolt shear and bearing capacity, MIN (Ps, Pbb, Pbs) 210.4 kN
Bolt shear capacity, Ps = ps.A 210.4 kN
Bolt bearing capacity, Pbb = d.tp.pbb 2550.0 kN
Plate bearing capacity, Pbs = kbs.d.tp.pbs <= 0.5kbs.e.tp.pbs 684.3 kN
Number of bolts, Nbolts 8
Total bolts shear and bearing capacity, ΣPbolts = Nbolts . MIN (Ps, Pbb, Pbs) 1683 kN
Resolved ULS shear force, V = √(Vx2+Vy2) 1061 kN
Base plate bolt design utilisation = V/ΣPbolts 63% OK
Note bolt shear capacity in concrete embedment need to be checked independently, as it will be
more onerous than the above steel on steel checks;