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Solutions Advanced Grammar Builder Answer key

1.1 Talking about habitual actions 2


1 to do it up
1 a, c 3 to get round to doing it
2 b, c 4 to put us up
3 a, b, c 5 to get through to her
4 a, b 6 to give it up
5b 7 to go with it
6 a, c

2 2.1 as and like


2 My mother usually cooks something 1
special whenever we go round. 1b 2a 3b 4b 5a, b 6a 7b
3 Gina is constantly taking / constantly 8b
takes my CDs without asking.
4 We didn’t use to have any pets when we 2
were little. 1 like
5 Ben was always leaving his dirty dishes 2 like
all over the place when he lived with us. 3 Unlike
6 Every summer we used to make 4 as / like
sandcastles on the beach. 5 like
6 as
7 as
1.2 Phrasal verbs 8 like
1
2 puts up with them / it
3 ’re setting off 2.2 Narrative tenses
4 cheer him up 1
5 got away with it 2 entered
6 ’m going to pass out 3 was crossing
7 tore it up 4 had forgotten
8 went for her 5 would sit / used to sit
6 were to be
2 7 used to live / lived / were living
ran into her 8 had been shifting
3 ’ll turn him down
4 went through it 2
5 ’ve done away with it / did away with it 2 missed
6 got away 3 used to have
7 ’ve fallen out with them 4 had been watching
8 lets us down 5 would spend / used to spend / spent
6 (had) walked out
7 would go / were going
1.3 Phrasal verbs: passive and 8 was waiting
infinitive forms
1
2 has been called off 2.3 Simple and continuous forms
3 was brought up 1
4 is being carried out 1 ’d only known
5 will be laid off 2 hadn’t been listening
6 was broken up 3 ’d been looking for
7 is being held up 4 thought
8 has been turned down 5 wasn’t enjoying
6 smelt
7 had belonged

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Solutions Advanced Grammar Builder Answer key
3.2 Verb patterns (1)
2 1
2 a ’d eaten 2 to collect
b ’d been eating 3 selling
3 a was jogging 4 to purchase
b jogged 5 get
4 a ’d studied / studied 6 consulting
b ’d been studying 7 to make
8 travelling
9 to post
2.4 Speculating
1
2 a I wonder if she’s ill. 3.3 Verb patterns (2)
b She looks ill. 1
3 a I wonder if they’re going to a football 1b 2b 3a 4b 5a 6a 7b 8a
match.
b They must be going to a football match. 2
4 a It doesn’t look like he’s passed his 2 having 3 being 4 to have 5 to be
exams.
b He can’t have passed his exams.
4.1 Comparative and superlative
2 forms
2 look 1
3 wonder
1 longer
4 can’t
2 the most important
5 like
3 faster, less intelligible
6 might / must
4 lowest
7 sounds
5 better
8 must
6 not as / so hard

2
3.1 Present perfect simple and 1 quite 2 very 3 deal 4 bit 5
continuous slightly
1 6 far 7 awful 8 mile
1 a ’s swum
b ’ve been swimming
2 a ’ve seen 4.2 Reduced relative clauses
b ’s been seeing 1
3 a ’s been staying
2 The player injured in the match was
b ’ve stayed
rushed to hospital.
4 a ’s disappeared
3 The boys hanging around outside the
b have been disappearing
shopping centre live on my estate.
5 a ’ve stopped
4 The man arrested last night is now in
b have been stopping
police custody.
5 The hostages being held by the
2 hijackers are all members of the crew.
1 have been flying 6 The employees dismissed for bad
2 has been conduct have all been reinstated.
3 have negotiated 7 The lifeguard jumping into the sea is
4 has dealt going to rescue someone.
5 have chosen 8 The measures enforced by the
6 have made government seem to be working.
7 have been paying 9 The woman standing on the podium is
8 have discussed my mother.
10 The houses destroyed in the
earthquake are going to be rebuilt.

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Solutions Advanced Grammar Builder Answer key

4.3 Conditionals 5 gone out


1 6 beat him
7 go horse-riding
1 CORRECT
8 go out for a drink
2 If I’d spoken better English, I would have
got the job.
3 CORRECT
4 Suppose I hadn’t been to the bank, how 6.1 Talking about the future
would we have paid for that meal? 1
5 Had they arrived any later, the show 1a 2b 3a 4b 5b 6a 7b 8b
would have started.
6 You wouldn’t be so tired if you had gone 2
to bed earlier last night. 2 ’m playing
7 CORRECT 3 are going to change
8 If they’d been driving more slowly, they 4 ’ll be having
wouldn’t have crashed. 5 leaves
6 ’ll have finished
2
2 If I’d known you liked Coldplay, I’d have
bought you a ticket for the concert. 6.2 Particles and their meanings
3 Had you lost your glasses, you wouldn’t 1
be able to read the menu. 1b 2a 3b 4a 5b 6b 7a
4 If John had packed the sandwiches, he
wouldn’t be starving now. 2
5 Unless they ban tourists from the ancient 2 on
city, it will be ruined in no time. a attacking b continuing
6 Mary would spend more time with her 3 over
children if she worked at home. a visiting b considering, examining
4 down
a record in writing b reducing
5.1 for + noun/pronoun + infinitive 5 up
1 a improve b approach
2 for her to take over 6 off
3 for him to leave a departing b ending
4 For them to win 7 out
5 for us to go a solving, searching b disappearing
6 for me to start

2 6.3 Reporting structures


2 Mum’s plan was for the whole family to 1
go camping together. 2 to pay me / it back
3 It’s essential for him not to turn up late. 3 going
4 He’s eager for his girlfriend to 4 to stealing / to having stolen
accompany him to Jo’s wedding. 5 him not to leave
5 It seems unnecessary for us to stay until 6 her on winning
the boss leaves. 7 reduce / should reduce
6 Our host’s idea was for us not to set off 8 to beat up
until after lunch.
2
1 against crossing
5.2 Ellipsis 2 him when to call her
1 3 of having used
peel them 4 to stay
2 get the books 5 that Dan stop
3 asked after her 6 on giving
4 upset her

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Solutions Advanced Grammar Builder Answer key

6.4 Adverbs and adjectives 7 Outside the palace stood two armed
1 soldiers.
8 We didn’t pay for the flight, but we did pay
2 a long black silk
for the hotel.
3 an elegant fast Italian
4 hideous grey concrete
5 a gorgeous tall dark 2
6 a scruffy old-fashioned check 2 What caused the destruction was neither
a bomb nor a fire,
2 3 Not only did the storm rip houses apart,
but it also killed three people.
2 Zoe spent her childhood in Moscow and
4 The question is, what turned a
she can still speak Russian fluently.
thunderstorm into a devastating tornado?
3 CORRECT
5 it was a supercell that struck the north of
4 I almost lost my job yesterday.
France.
5 Basically, we’re never going to finish on
6 These storms do occur frequently in the
time.
USA,
6 CORRECT
7 not until now have they been seen in
7 They occasionally go camping in the
northern Europe.
summer.
8 My cousin didn’t even say thank you when
we put her up last weekend.
8.1 would
1
7.1 -ing forms after preparatory it, 2 When I was a child I would (always)
nouns and adjectives create my own birthday cards. Use 2 –
habitual action
1 3 I’d rather get a takeaway. Use 4 -
2 pointless taking preference
3 good staying 4 My brother wouldn’t think of calling me.
4 nice talking Use 3 – (un)willingness
5 tiring dealing 5 I’d say about twenty people turned up.
6 worth selling Use 1 – make statement less definite
6 You would have been tired after your
2 journey. Use 5 – logical deduction
2 I’m confident of passing all my exams. 7 I’d love to go to the REM concert! Use 4 –
3 Nadal has a good chance of winning. preference
4 She’s worried about her children getting 8 Her boyfriend would defend her, wouldn’t
lost. he? Use 5 – logical deduction
5 It’ll be strange spending the night in an
igloo.
6 Most children hate the thought of their 8.2 Modals
parents splitting up.
1
2 b – might and could express possibility,
can expresses ability
7.2 Emphasis 3 b – must and have to express obligation,
1 can’t expresses prohibition
2 Hardly had the party got going when the 4 a – mustn’t and can’t express prohibition,
lights went out. don’t have to expresses no necessity
3 The truth is (that) we got completely 5 c – can and may express permission,
carried away. must expresses obligation
4 No sooner had we taken off than the 6 a – didn’t have to and didn’t need to
captain reported the fault. express no necessity, mustn’t expresses
5 What they need to do to solve the prohibition
congestion problem is improve public 7 c – ought to and should express advice,
transport. would is used in a request
6 It’s my older sister (who / that) I miss the 8 a – must and will express deductions, can
most. expresses permission

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Solutions Advanced Grammar Builder Answer key

2 10.2 Relative clauses


1 don’t have to wear / needn’t wear / don’t 1
need to wear 2 The medicine that / which got rid of my
2 should use / ought to use cough tasted of liquorice.
3 couldn’t drive / wasn’t able to drive 3 The Golden Gate Bridge, which we
4 must have been / will have been / might crossed yesterday, is an impressive sight.
have been / may have been / could have 4 He’s the pilot whose plane crashed
been yesterday.
5 mustn’t use / can’t use 5 They’re mending the lift, which means
6 May I borrow / Can I borrow / Could I we’ll have to use the stairs.
borrow 6 The woman I asked for information was
7 could have got lost / may have got lost / very helpful.
might have got lost 7 Britney Spears, who sang ‘Baby one more
8 has to study time’, is hoping to make a comeback.
8 The hotel we had booked was full.

9.2 The passive 2


1 2 My grandfather, for whom I have the
2 were released utmost respect, died fighting for his country.
3 was found 3 NOT POSSIBLE
4 have been classified 4 My mother’s glasses, without which she
5 was identified cannot see, look quite stylish.
6 has been done / is being done 5 William’s best friend, in whom he has
7 are eaten always confided, has just moved abroad.
8 will be saved 6 NOT POSSIBLE
7 The wall on top of which Ryan was
standing looked like it would topple over.
9.3 Passive structures with 8 The boy with whom Sarah fell in love
consider, believe, etc. turned out to be a thief.
1
2 It is widely accepted that human actions
are responsible for global warming.
3 Monsoons are usually regarded as a
tropical phenomenon.
4 It is often said that wind power is the
best solution to the global energy crisis.
5 Oil is generally considered to be running
out.
6 Public transport is usually seen as too
unreliable.
7 Air travel is widely acknowledged to
cause a great deal of pollution.
8 It is frequently reported that flooding has
worsened in recent years.

10.1 whatever, whoever, wherever,


however, etc.
1
1 whoever
2 whatever
3 whichever
4 however
5 whenever
6 wherever

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