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Book reviews

wording, percentages and ophthalmic career in private optometric practice,

drugs. I see this book more for the use of played a role in the founding of the school
general medical practitioners and medical of optometry in Indiana in 1953 and is the
students, where low cost and succinct style author of Clinical Refraction, which has
are useful. In the competitive market of been the foundation text book for genera-
ophthalmic books, eye-care practitioners tions of students. Now retired, he has
in training would probably choose other recently had a book published about his
books, especially those with more colour life and exploits.1
photographs. System for Ophthalmic Dispensing was
written as a ‘how to’ manual for students
and a reference for experienced practitio-
ners. The book evolved by expansion of
Vaughan and Asbury’s the authors’ lecture notes used for teach-
General Ophthalmology, ing at Indiana University. It is now in its
17th edition third edition.
The book has two sections—
Ophthalmic Dispensing and Ophthalmic
Paul Riordan-Eva and John P Whitcher Lenses—and each has chapters covering
USA: McGraw Hill, 2008 topics that may have been undergraduate
465 pages, RRP $110.00 lectures and practical classes.
Reviewed by IAN GUTTERIDGE, It is easy to read and well organised.
Department of Optometry and Vision Each chapter is broken down into sections
Sciences, The University of Melbourne that cover the relevant content in depth
and understanding is greatly assisted by
System for Ophthalmic coloured photographs, clear diagrams and
Dispensing, 3rd edition figures. Consistent with other books on
Predictably Vaughan and Asbury’s General this topic, it is designed and organised for
Ophthalmology 17th edition bears consider- students, and each chapter contains a pro-
able resemblance to the 16th edition Clifford W Brooks and Irvin M Borish ficiency test aimed at the understanding of
(2004), which I reviewed. Many chapters St Louis, Missouri: Butterworth the key points.
and much of the text within those chap- Heinemann/Elsevier, 2007 The section on Ophthalmic Dispensing
ters are very similar, if not identical. There 688 pages, RPR $189.50 covers frame materials and selection and
has been some modification accounting Reviewed by NEVILLE TURNER, provides ideas for fitting high plus and
for new technology (for example, optical Victorian College of Optometry, minus prescriptions. It covers all basic
coherence tomography), as well as rewrit- Melbourne measurements—segment heights, PDs,
ing of some chapters. It is also improved frame sizes—and some other topics that
by the inclusion of 22 colour plates. are not so common. Have you ever won-
The Retina chapter has had the dered why we use the pantoscopic tilt or
most significant makeover, including Ophthalmic optics and dispensing are wrap frames a little, or ever thought about
some restructuring and new text on the topics that many practitioners take for modifying segment heights when ordering
pathogenesis of age-related macular de- granted in their daily practice. We are vertical prism?
generation. Brief descriptions of classical taught about it during our university It has an exhaustive coverage of frame
and occult neovascularisation, the results studies and we quickly develop the skills manipulations and adjustments, including
of the AREDS study and anti-vascular and understanding needed to be compe- many that most practitioners would not
endothelial growth factor therapy are tent in dispensing. While we know the key ordinarily consider.
added. The glaucoma chapter has also principles and have good skills, we often The second part on Ophthalmic Lenses
been revised. Perimetry is still scantly need a resource to solve an unusual covers a broad scope of lens optics, refrac-
covered. I remain perplexed that the term problem. This book is such a resource. tion and design. It provides useful calcula-
‘pupil block’ does still not appear in the The credentials of the authors are tions of lens thickness, although constants
main text on the mechanisms of angle impressive. Both are professors of optom- for higher RI lenses would be of assistance.
closure glaucoma, although it is used in etry at Indiana University. Professor
the some of the tables. Brooks is involved in the teaching of oph-
The 16th and 17th editions are very thalmic optics and lens finishing. Emeritus 1. Baldwin W. Borish. Bloomington, Indiana
similar; there are some changes in professor Borish has had an impressive University, 2006.

© 2008 The Authors Clinical and Experimental Optometry 91.6 November 2008
Journal compilation © 2008 Optometrists Association Australia 577
Book reviews

A hardback cover and quality glossy particularly on a range of macular de- Usher’s syndrome in the second section.
paper enhance the book’s appeal. The generations and the inherited retinal dys- The chapter on mouse models of retinitis
range of photographs and images has trophies. It begins in the preface with a pigmentosa will be of interest to research
been updated and improved for this short historical perspective on scientific groups.
edition, and its glossary and comprehen- development of knowledge of the eye and The third section focuses on the basic
sive index compare well with other books managing eye diseases. Although of inter- mechanisms of ocular disease and will
in this field. est, it is shallow and a chapter dealing interest researchers more than practising
This book has some limitations. The with the historical background in greater optometrists, however, the final section
content is specific to the US audience in depth would have been better. will be of interest to all optometrists. It
relation to ordering and information on The book has four sections: living provides a summary of the knowledge base
standards and their reference points, but with retinal degeneration, degenerative on which evidence-based advice about
these shortcomings are minor and overall, diseases of the retina, mechanisms under- imminent and prospective treatments can
the book gives excellent coverage of the lying retinal degeneration, and therapeu- be given to patients with retinal disease.
topics in clear procedural steps. tic strategies for retinal degenerative Most of the chapters describe experimen-
It would be a useful addition for any diseases. tal therapies involving stem cells, neuro-
optometric library and could be consid- The chapter on ‘Living with retinal protective strategies, mechanisms of cell
ered as the basic text for teaching oph- degeneration’ gives excellent accounts of death and gene therapy, including a
thalmic optics and dispensing to students two affected people, one with early onset chapter on Leber’s congenital amaurosis
or support staff. Optometrists experi- macular degeneration and the other mutation (LCA 65) that has now gone to
enced in dispensing will also find some with dominant retinitis pigmentosa. The clinical trials. This section is essential
new things. chapter is essential reading for even the reading for the low vision clinician and
experienced low vision clinician and those with an interest in retinal disease.
anyone wishing to understand the difficul- This is a valuable book and is essential
ties faced by patients who are diagnosed for low vision clinicians. I recommend it to
with sight-threatening retinal conditions. any optometrist with a particular interest
The authors report their own personal in retinal disease.
reactions (typical grief reactions), the
impact of the diagnosis on their immedi-
ate families, friends and work colleagues,
and finally the acceptance phase. It is riv-
eting reading.
For any disease, good epidemiological
data are essential to identify the extent of
the problem and the magnitude of
its social impact. There is an excellent
chapter on the epidemiology of age-
Retinal Degenerations: related maculopathy, a condition of
Biology, Diagnostics and increasing significance due to the ageing
Therapeutics population in Western countries. The
exciting new therapies, particularly anti-
angiogenesis therapy, are also discussed.
Joyce Tombran-Tink and As providers of primary eye care, we are
Colin J Barnstable likely to be the first to diagnose age-
Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2007 related maculopathy and should be able
466 pages, RPR $320.95 to discuss treatment options with our
Reviewed by PROFESSOR patients. The chapter by Liggett and
MICHAEL KALLONIATIS, Department Lavaque provides this basic knowledge,
of Optometry and Vision Science, although the results of anti-angiogenesis
University of Auckland, New Zealand trials are still being reported and optom-
etrists will need to keep abreast of the
changes by reviewing recent literature.
Optometrists will find useful information
This book is a comprehensive review on basic mechanisms involved in Star-
of the retinal degenerations, focusing gardt’s disease, juvenile retinoschisis and

Clinical and Experimental Optometry 91.6 November 2008 © 2008 The Authors
578 Journal compilation © 2008 Optometrists Association Australia