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# ALOK KUMAR GEOMETRY I

INMOTC-2017
ISI, KOLKATA
GEOMETRY I

## 1. Let M be a point inside triangle ABC such that

AM.BC  BM.AC  CM.AB  4[ABC].
Show that M is the orthocenter of triangle ABC.

Show that

## (DB  BC)2  AD2  AC2 .

3. In triangle ABC, let AP, BQ, CR be concurrent cevians. Let the circumcircle of triangle PQR intersect
the sides BC, CA, AB for the second time at X, Y, Z, respectively. Prove that AX, BY, CZ are concurrent.

4. We are given a triangle ABC such that AB  AC . There is a point D lying on the segment BC, such that
BD<DC. Point E is symmetrical to B with resepct to AD. Prove that

AB CE
 .

5. Distinct points A, B are given in the plane. Determine the locus of points C such that in triangle ABC the
length of A-altitude is the same as the length of B-median.

6. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral. Denote by Q the intersection of AD and BC and by R the intersection
of AB and CD. Let X, Y, and Z be the midpoints of AC, BD, and QR, respectively. Prove that X, Y, and
Z lie on a single line.

7. Let ABCD be a quadrilateral with AB  CD. If ADB  DBC  180  , prove that

 .
CD BC

8. Let ABCD be a cyclic quadrilateral. Let P be the point on the ray AD such that AP = BC and let Q be
the point on the ray AB such that AQ  CD. Prove that the line AC cuts PQ at its midpoint.

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ALOK KUMAR GEOMETRY I
9. Let X, Y and Z lie on the sides BC, CA, AB, respectively, of a triangle ABC. Show that the perpendicular
from X, Y, Z to the respective triangle sides meet at one point if and only if

BX 2  CY 2  AZ 2  CX 2  AY 2  BZ 2 .

10. Let P be a point inside acute-angled triangle ABC with BPC  180  A. Denote by A1,B1,C1 its
reflections over the sides BC,CA, AB, respectively. Prove that the points A, A1,B1,C1 are concyclic.

11. In the convex pentagon ABCDE all interior angles have the same measure. Prove that the perpendicular
bisector of segment EA, the perpendicular bisector of segment BC and the angle bisector of CDE
intersect at one point.

12. Let ABCD be a quadrilateral with segments BC and AD equal and AB not parallel to CD. Denote by M,
N the midpoints of BC and AD, respectively. Prove that the perpendicular bisectors of AB, MN, and
CD pass through a common point.

13. Let fixed points A, Z, B lie on a line  in this order such that ZA  ZB. A variable point X   and a
variable point Y on the segment XZ are chosen. Let D  BY  AX and E  AY  BX. Prove that all
lines DE pass through a fixed point.

14. Let ABC be a triangle. Point O in its interior satisfies OBA  OAC, BAO  OCB, and
BOC  90. Find AC/OC.

15. Let ABC and ABC be two triangles in plane. Show that the perpendiculars from A  to BC, from B
to CA and from C to AB (denote thier feet by X, Y, and Z, respectively) are concurrent if and only if the
perpendicularls from A to BC , from B to CA , and from C to A B are concurrent.

16. Let the incircle  of triangle ABC touch BC, CA, and AB at D, E, and F, respectively..
Let Y1 ,Y2 ,Z1 ,Z 2 , and M be the midpoints of BF,BD,CE,CD, and BC, respectively. Let
Y1 Y2  Z1 Z 2 =X. Prove that MX  BC.

17. Let A,B,C,D be four distinct points on a line, in that order. The circles with diameters
AC and BD intersect at X and Y. Let P be a point on the line XY such that P  BC.
The line CP int ersects the circle with diameter AC at C and M, and the line BP
intersects the circle with diameter BD at B and N. Prove that the lines AM, DN, XY
are concurrent.

18. Let ABC be a non-right triangle with orthocenter H and let M, N be points on its sides AB and AC.
Prove that the common chord of circles with diameters CM and BN passes through H.

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ALOK KUMAR GEOMETRY I
19. In an acute triangle ABC, D,E,F are the midpoints of the sides BC, CA, AB respectively.
On the extensions of EF, FD, DE take points P,Q,R respectively, such that
AP = BQ = CR. Prove that the circumcenter of PQR is orthocenter of the ABC .

20. In ABC the points D, E are on AB, AC respectively such that DE || BC. The
inscribed circle of ADE touches DE at M, the escribed circle on side BC of ABC
touches BC at N. BE and CD intersect at P. Prove that M, N, P are collinear.

21. Given an acute triangle ABC, O is the circumcenter and H is the orthocenter. Let
A1 ,B1 ,C1 be the midpoints of the sides BC, CA and AB respectively. Rays HA1,HB1,HC1
cut the circumcircle of ABC at A 0 ,B0 and C 0 respectively. Prove that O, H and H0
are collinear if H0 is the orthocenter of A 0 B0C 0 .

22. Three congruent circles have a common point O and lie inside a triangle such that
each circle touches a pair of sides of the triangle. Prove that the incentre and the
circumcentre of the triangle and the point O are collinear.

23. Four circles , A , B , and C with the same radius are drawn in the interior of
triangle ABC such that A is tangent to sides AB and AC, B to BC and BA, C to CA
and CB, and  is externally tangent to A , B , and C . If the sides of triangle ABC
are 13, 14, and 15, determine the radius of  .

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