Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 40

EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

R-9110AC
GSM 900 BAND SELECTIVE REPEATER

EQUIPMENT MANUAL

The information contained herein is the


responsibility of and is approved by the
following, to whom all enquiries should be
directed in the first instance:

Nicole Au/David Shiu


International Documentation Centre
Comba Telecom

This is an unpublished work the copyright in which vests in Comba International ("Comba"). All rights reserved.
The information contained herein is confidential and the property of Comba and is supplied without liability for errors or omissions. No part
may be reproduced, disclosed or used except as authorised by contract or other written permission. The copyright and the foregoing
restriction on reproduction and use extend to all media in which the information may be embodied.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 1


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.2 CONTENTS
Section Page

0.2 CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................2


0.3 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES .....................................................................................4
0.4 HISTORY...............................................................................................................................5
0.5 ISSUE CONTROL .................................................................................................................6
0.6 REFERENCES ......................................................................................................................7
0.7 GLOSSARY OF TERMS .......................................................................................................8
0.8 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS......................................................................9
0.9 SERVICING POLICY AND RETURN OF EQUIPMENT .....................................................10
0.10 READERS COMMENTS .....................................................................................................11

1 GENERAL INFORMATION .................................................................................................12

2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION..............................................................................................13
2.1 GENERAL............................................................................................................................13
2.2 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT ........................................................................................................13
2.3 R-9110AC BLOCK DIAGRAM.............................................................................................14
2.4 MANUFACTURING ENTITIES............................................................................................14
2.5 KIT OF PARTS ....................................................................................................................15
2.6 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .........................................................................................16
2.6.1 ELECTRICAL AND POWER ...............................................................................................16
2.6.2 MECHANICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL ....................................................................................16
2.6.3 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE.........................................................................................17

3 INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................................18
3.1 WARNINGS AND ALERTS .................................................................................................18
3.2 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS................................................................................19
3.2.1 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST .........................................................................20
3.2.2 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION..................................................................20
3.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES.........................................................................................21
3.3.1 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION ......................................................................................21
3.3.2 TOOLS.................................................................................................................................21
3.3.3 PREPARATION ...................................................................................................................21
3.3.4 WALL MOUNTING DETAILS ..............................................................................................22
3.3.5 POLE MOUNTING DETAILS ..............................................................................................23
3.3.6 DRIP-LOOP .........................................................................................................................23
3.3.7 EQUIPMENT CONNECTIONS............................................................................................23

4 COMMISSIONING...............................................................................................................25
4.1 MCU LED INDICATORS .....................................................................................................25
4.2 EQUIPMENT POWER-UP ..................................................................................................25
4.3 OMT .....................................................................................................................................26
4.4 NON-VOLATILE MEMORY .................................................................................................26
4.4.1 OMT SOFTWARE VERSION ..............................................................................................27
4.4.2 OMT SOFTWARE INSTALLATION.....................................................................................27
4.4.3 PREPARATION FOR REMOTE CONNECTION OF OMT USING WIRELESS
MODEM ...............................................................................................................................27
4.4.4 CONNECTING OMT TO EQUIPMENT ...............................................................................28
4.5 LOCAL COMMISSIONING..................................................................................................29
4.5.1 DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETERS ....................................................................................30
4.6 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES ....................................................................................34
4.7 REMOTE MONITORING USING OMC ...............................................................................36

5 OPERATION........................................................................................................................37

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 2


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

6 MAINTENANCE...................................................................................................................38

7 APPENDICES......................................................................................................................39
7.1 APPENDIX A: TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR INSTALLATION ......................................39
7.2 APPENDIX B: VSWR – RETURN LOSS TABLE ................................................................39
7.3 APPENDIX C: UPLINK ATT AND NOISE LEVEL...............................................................39
7.4 APPENDIX D: RMA (RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION) FORM .............................40

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 3


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.3 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES

Fig 1: Front view of equipped product .............................................................................................13


Fig 2: R-9110AC block diagram ......................................................................................................14
Fig 3: Mounting rack dimension ......................................................................................................22
Fig 4: Wall mounting overview.........................................................................................................22
Fig 5: Pole mounting overview ........................................................................................................23
Fig 6: Location of MCU and LED.....................................................................................................25
Fig 7: Wireless modem....................................................................................................................27
Fig 8: OMT screenshot - communication setup ..............................................................................28
Fig 9: OMT screenshot - Main window............................................................................................29

Table 1: R-9110 variants ..................................................................................................................13


Table 2: R-9110AC Manufacturing Entities ......................................................................................14
Table 3: R-9110AC KOP ..................................................................................................................15
Table 4: Electrical specifications ......................................................................................................16
Table 5: Mechanical and environmental specifications....................................................................16
Table 6: Management of R-9110AC.................................................................................................17
Table 7: Repeater Installation checklist............................................................................................20
Table 8: Antenna installation checklist .............................................................................................20
Table 9: MCU LED............................................................................................................................25
Table 10: Management - Network Parameters ..............................................................................30
Table 11: Management - RF parameters .........................................................................................31
Table 12: Management - Alarm list...................................................................................................32
Table 13: Commissioning procedures..............................................................................................35
Table 14: Alarms diagnosis ..............................................................................................................37

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 4


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.4 HISTORY
Change No. Issue/ENU Details Of Change

1 V 2.1 Issued on March 2003 and revised on Oct 2004


2 1-0-0 Re-write and issued in March 2005, Author D Shiu

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 5


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.5 ISSUE CONTROL


Date 02
03
05

Section
All all

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 6


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.6 REFERENCES
0.6.1 OMT Installation guide for R-9110AC ENU 1-0-0 prepared by Nicole Au Mar 2005

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 7


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.7 GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Abbreviation Definition
ALC Automatic Level Control
ATT Attenuation
BS Base Station
BTS Base Transceiver Station
dB Decibel
dBm Decibels relative to 1 milliwatt
DL Downlink
DT Donor Terminal
DPX Duplexer
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only
Memory
FS Frequency Selector
GSM Groupe Speciale Mobile or Global Standard for Mobile
Communication
Hz Hertz
ID Identification
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
MCU Main Control Unit
MHz Megahertz
MT Mobile Terminal
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
NC Normally Closed
NF Noise Figure
NO Normally Open
OMC Operation & Maintenance Center
OMT Operation & Maintenance Terminal
PLL Phase Locked Loop
PSU Power Supply Unit
RF Radio Frequency
SMA Sub-Miniature A Connector (coaxial cable connector
type)
SMS Short Message System
UL Uplink
VAC Volts Alternating Current
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Radio

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 8


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.8 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS


This document contains safety notices in accordance with appropriate standards. In the interests of
conformity with the territory standards for the country concerned, the equivalent territorial
admonishments are also shown.

Any installation, adjustment, maintenance and repair of the equipment must only be carried out by
trained, authorised personnel. At all times, personnel must comply with any safety notices and
instructions.

Specific hazards are indicated by symbol labels on or near the affected parts of the equipment. The
labels conform to international standards, are triangular in shape, and are coloured black on a yellow
background. An informative text label may accompany the symbol label.

Hazard labelling is supplemented by safety notices in the appropriate equipment manual. These
notices contain additional information on the nature of the hazard and may also specify precautions.

Warning:
These draw the attention of personnel to hazards which may cause death or injury to the operator or
others. Examples of use are cases of high voltage, laser emission, toxic substances, point of high
temperature, etc.

Alert:
These draw the attention of personnel to hazards which may cause damage to the equipment. An
example of use is the case of static electricity hazard.

Caution notices may also be used in the handbook to draw attention to matters that do not constitute
a risk of causing damage to the equipment but where there is a possibility of seriously impairing its
performance, e.g. by mishandling or gross maladjustment. Warnings and Cautions within themain
text do not incorporate labels and may be in shortened form.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 9


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.9 SERVICING POLICY AND RETURN OF EQUIPMENT

The repair of individual units and modules of this equipment is not considered practicable without
factory facilities. It is, therefore, the policy of Comba whereby faulty units or modules are returned to
the local agent for repair.

To enable an efficient, prompt after sales service to be provided for the diagnosis, repair and return
of any faulty equipment, please comply with the following requirements.

Items to be sent for repair should be packaged so as to provide both electrostatic and physical
protection and a Repair Material Authorization (a sample of this form is in appendix D) completed
giving the required information

This request must be included with the item for repair, items for repair should be sent to the nearest
Comba office:

COMBA TELECOM SYSTEMS, LTD.

Hong Kong Office


Address: Room 1503-10 Delta House, 3 On Yiu Street, Shatin, Hong Kong.
Tel: + 852 2636 6861
Fax: + 852 2637 0966
Email: combahk@comba-telecom.com

Singapore office
Address: 865 Mountbatten Road #05-43, Katong Shopping Centre, Singapore 449408
Tel: + 65 6345 4908
Fax: + 65 6345 1186
Email: combasg@comba-telecom.com

Sweden Office
Address: Comba Telecom Systems AB, Gustavslundsvagen 147, S- 167 51 Bromma,
Stockholm, Sweden
Tel: +46 8 25 38 70
Fax: +46 8 25 38 69
Email: info@comba-telecom.se

China R&D and Manufacturing Base


Address: No.6, Jinbi Road, Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development
District, Guangzhou, China.
Tel: + 86 20 8222 5788
Fax: + 86 20 8222 6121
Email: combagz@comba-telecom.com

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 10


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

0.10 READERS COMMENTS

Whilst every endeavour is made to ensure the accuracy of this and all Comba documents, there is
always the possibility that an inaccuracy or omission could occur.

In order that any amendment/remedial action can be carried out promptly, we would appreciate your
co–operation in filling out and returning a photocopy of this customer reply sheet as soon as
possible.

Customer Information:
Name

Title

Company

Date

Address

Telephone Number

Customer Comments:
Equipment title

ENU 1-0-0

Page number

Paragraph number

Line number

Figure number

Details of inaccuracies

Other comments

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 11


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

1 GENERAL INFORMATION
R-9110AC system is a GSM 900 MHz band-selective RF repeater. The system is used in outdoor
locations where signal coverage for dead zone is desired (e.g. villages, highways, rural area, etc.)

Band-specific linear amplifier and filtering effectively amplifies the desired BTS carrier and provides
superior out-of-band rejection. Typical units incorporate up to 15MHz, 19MHz and 24.6MHz filter
bandwidth with frequencies programmed to specific requirements of the network. Remote
configuration and surveillance is possible through Comba’s remote control and monitoring system,
via laptop or wireless modem to the OMC. Li-ion battery backup built in enclosure ensures alarm
signals are sent out in the event of power failure, and optional external battery backup ensures
operation in conditions of non-ideal power supply or unstable supply voltages. The R-9110AC
comes in a completely sealed, well-ventilated cast aluminum chassis, suitable for all weather
conditions.

Main features of R-9110AC:

z High output power of 10W.


z Band selective with variable bandwidth from 2 to 15MHz (19MHz or 24.6MHz) in full band
of GSM 900MHz.
z Integrated GSM modem for remote configuration, monitoring and control.
z Automatic gain stabilization prevents self oscillation caused by a low isolation between
DT and MT antennas.
z Internal backup battery keeps the alarm unit running for up to 3 hours after power loss.
z Optional OMC is available for remote operation and maintenance of repeaters.
z Designed for all weather outdoor – waterproof, damp-proof and omni-sealed (IP65).

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 12


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
2.1 GENERAL
The R-9110AC repeater consists of:

z Frequency Selector (FS): can select the demand signal band and reject the other
unwanted signals effectively.
z Power Amplifier (PA): fulfils power amplification in both of uplink and downlink branches.
z Couplers: Located towards the DT and MT connections, these provide coupling signal to
the modem and as a point for testing the DL input and UL output power levels.
z Duplexer (DPX): Located towards the DT and MT connections, their function is to
combine/divide the uplink and downlink signals.
z One Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) is installed in each UL/DL branch. The repeater UL/DL
ATT value corresponds individually to UL/DL LNA gain.
z Main Control Unit (MCU): is used to monitor and control the operation parameters of the
repeater and provides telecommunication interface for remote control, indicator LEDs
(L1~L4) on which display the respective operation status.
z Located on the distribution board (backplane) the following connections: connectivities to
function modules, MCU, RS232 port (D5) for local control.

The following variant exists under the R-9110 naming structure:

R-9110AC Band selective repeater


R-9110AS Solar powered GSM repeater
R-9110DB Dual Cell (Two Band Selective)
R-9110H Hybrid repeater Hybrid (Band and Channel Selective)
Table 1: R-9110 variants

2.2 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT

Fig 1: Front view of equipped product

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 13


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

2.3 R-9110AC BLOCK DIAGRAM

ALC

M-ATT
DL Band Selective
LNA1 Module PA1

Downlink

Donor Mobile
Ant Ant
DT MT
ALC

M-ATT
UL Band Selective
PA2 Module LNA2
Mobile
Uplink

Alarm Power Li-ion


Main Control Unit
OMT Indicator Supply BATT
Computer with Modem
Data card

Wireless
Modem
External
Power

OMT

OMC

Fig 2: R-9110AC block diagram

2.4 MANUFACTURING ENTITIES


R-9110AC is composed of modules with the following identifiers.

Identification Code Description


PA-4250CSS00D Downlink broadband power amplifier
PA-4250CSS00U Uplink broadband power amplifier
FB-C942B27SS06 Downlink broadband frequency selector
FB-C897B24SS06 Uplink broadband frequency selector
LA-1439C1SS01 Low noise amplifier
FD-U897D942B25SS03 Duplexer
RC-5SK/SK/SK-30C DT coupler
RC-5SK/SK/SK-20C MT coupler
R-9110AC1-M1 Main control unit
R-9110AC1-BB Distribution board
WM02-G900 Wireless modem
PC222435A-1 (26V) Power supply unit
3.6V/1300mAh ×6 Li-on battery assembly
V20-C/2 Lightning arrester
Table 2: R-9110AC Manufacturing Entities

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 14


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

2.5 KIT OF PARTS

Product identifier Description


R-9122C8-5140/1 Mounting rack (kit)
M10×110 Masonry bolt
M10×85×110 U expansion bolt
5.5 Allen key
R-9122C/R-9122AC Field commission cable
Label “9122” Key
6.3A Delay Fuse
R-9110AC QE 1-0-0 This equipment manual
V1.03 OMT software
Table 3: R-9110AC KOP

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 15


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

2.6 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

2.6.1 ELECTRICAL AND POWER


Frequency Range, UL – [MHz] 890 – 915
Frequency Range, DL – [MHz] 935 – 960
Max. Filter Bandwidth (FBW) – [MHz] *1 15, 19, 24.6
Operating bandwidth (BW) – [MHz] 2 – FBW
(Adjustable in GSM900MHz Full
Band)
System Gain Adjustable Range– [dB] (1dB Step) 60–92 ± 2
3rd Order Intercept, OIP3 – [dBm] 55 (10W), 58 (1W, 2W)
Output Power (with ALC) – [dBm] 30, 33, 40 ± 1
Pass Band Ripple @ FBW, p-p – [dB] ≤4
System Noise Figure – [dB] ≤5
@ Max. System Gain
Group Delay – [µsec] ≤6
Out-of-band Gain @System Gain ≤ 80 – [dB] *2
- at Offset ≥ 400KHz < 50
- at Offset ≥ 600KHz < 40
- at Offset ≥ 1MHz < 35
- at Offset ≥ 5MHz < 25
Spurious – [dBm]
- 9kHz to 1GHz ≤ -36
- 1GHz to 12.75GHz ≤ -30
Intermodulation @ 2x22dBm – [dBm] ≤ -36 (10W output power)
Intermodulation @ 2x27dBm – [dBm] ≤ -36 (1W, 2W output power)
Max. Non-destructive RF Input Power – [dBm] +10
VSWR ≤ 1.5
Impedance – [Ω] 50
Power Supply – [VAC] 155–285 / 45-55Hz
Power Consumption – [W] 150 (10W output power, approx.)
130 (1W, 2W output power, approx.)
MCU Battery Backup Time – [hr] 3 (approx.)
Power Up Waiting Time – [sec] 60 (approx.)
Table 4: Electrical specifications
2.6.2 MECHANICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL
Dimensions, L x W x H – [mm] 600 x 450 x 195
Housing Material Aluminum
Housing Color Grey Anodized, RAL877U
Weight – [kg] 37 (approx.)
Connector Type N-Female
Operating Temperature – [°C] -40 to +55
Operating Humidity – [%] ≤ 95
Cooling Convection
MTBF – [hrs] > 50,000
Environmental Class IP65
Table 5: Mechanical and environmental specifications

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 16


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

2.6.3 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE

Local Monitoring Feature PC via RS232


Remote Data Transfer Built-in wireless GSM modem
(data or SMS), OMC (optional)
Local and Remote Controlled Parameters Channel No., ATT, Soft
ON/OFF, Oscillation Elimination
ON/OFF, Over-Temp Threshold,
DL Output Power Threshold, DL
Input Power Threshold, Alarm
Report Enable
Local and Remote Monitored Parameters Alarms (LNA, PA, PLL unlock,
Power Down, PSU Fault, Door
Open, Self oscillation, DL Input
Power Low, Over Temp,
VSWR, DL Output Power Low),
UL/DL Output Power, DL Input
Power
Table 6: Management of R-9110AC

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 17


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3 INSTALLATION
3.1 WARNINGS AND ALERTS

Radio Frequency energies

There may be situations, particularly workplace environments near high- powered RF sources,
where recommended limits for safe exposure of human beings to RF energy could be exceeded. In
such cases, restrictive measures or actions may be necessary to ensure the safe use of RF energy.

High voltage

The equipment have been designed and constructed as to prevent as far as reasonably practicable
danger. Any work activity on or near equipment involving installation, operation or maintenance must
be as far as reasonably free from danger.

Where there is a risk of damage to electrical systems involving adverse weather, extreme
temperatures, wet, corrosive or dirty conditions, flammable or explosive atmospheres than the
system must be suitably installed to prevent danger.

Protective Earthing

Equipment provided for the purpose of protecting individuals from electrical risk must be suitable for
the purpose and properly maintained and used.

Handling Percautions

This covers a range of activities including lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, moving, holding
or restraining an object, animal or person. It also covers activities which require the use of force or
effort such as pulling a lever, or operating power tools.

ESD

Observe standard precautions for handling ESD-sensitive devices. Assume that all solid-state
electronic devices are ESD-sensitive. Ensure use of a grounded wriststrap or equivalent while
working with ESD-sensitive devices. Transport, store, and handle ESD-sensitive devices in static-
safe environments.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 18


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3.2 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS


Site considerations

The repeater is designed to be waterproof, rainproof, and with snow protection. Temporary
protection should be taken when the equipment chassis is opened for installation or maintenance in
an outdoor environment. The equipment must not be opened for installation or maintenance in bad
weather (e.g. gale, storm rainfall, extreme temperatures and high humidity)

Installation location

Mounting surface shall be suitable to support weight pf the equipment: for R-9110AC, this is about
37 kg (82 lb.).

Environmental

Humidity has an effect on the reliability of the equipment. It is recommended to install the equipment
in location having stable temperature and un-restricted air-flow.

R-9110AC equipment has been designed to operate in the ambient air temperature range of -40°to
+55℃/-40°to 131℉ (class I) or -25°to +55℃/-13°to 131℉ (class II) at <95% relative humidity.
Should the direct day light temperature exceeds 40°C (104°F), then barrier device should be
installed in to protect the equipment to limit sunlight exposure.

Powering

The power supply unit (PSU) provides power to all modules within the chassis. The PSU accepts
155~285VAC/50Hz. It is recommended that the PSU operate on a dedicated AC circuit breaker or
fused circuit.

In order to avoid electromagnetic interference, select the R-9110AC mounting location to minimize
interference from electromagnetic sources such as: large electricity powered equipment.

Grounding requirement

Verify the equipment has been well grounded, this includes antennas and all cables connected.
Ensure lightning protection for the antennas is properly grounded.

Cable routing

Four cables entries to the equipment: Two co-axial, mains-power and 1x RS-232

Manual handling

During transportation and installation, take necessary handling precautions to avoid potential
physical injury to the installation personnel and the equipment.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 19


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3.2.1 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST

Installation Location Requirement Considerations


Working Space available Ample space on mounting pole or wall surface

AC power supply at each installation Power cord length is 2m (6.5 ft), use a dedicated
location: 155~285VAC 50Hz AC breaker or fuse circuit, and with good access to
an earthing point.
EMC and interference Do not locate near large transformers or motors
that may cause electromagnetic interference.

Maintain distance from chassis to DT, MT Reduce of signal loss in feeder cable
antennas
Suitable operating environment -40° to 55°C(-40° to 131°F) (class I) -25°to 55°C (-
13° to 131°F) (class II) Maximum 95% relative
humidity.

Table 7: Repeater Installation checklist

3.2.2 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION

Installation Location Requirement Considerations


Locate donor antenna in a site to receive Field intensity of receiving site: Typical mobile
the maximum signals from the desired BTS phone test field intensity ≥-70dBm
and to shield the other signals at the same
time.
Locate the mobile antenna in the center of
signal coverage area
Isolation of donor antenna and mobile I > Gmax+ 10dB
antenna (I) must be larger than the
maximum gain of the repeater in operation
Table 8: Antenna installation checklist

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 20


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES

3.3.1 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION


z Verify the number of packages received against the packing list.
z Check all packages for external damage; report any external damage to the shipping carrier. If
there is damage, a shipping agent should be present before unpacking and inspecting the
contents because damage caused during transit is the responsibility of the agent.
z Open and check each package against the packing list. If any items are missing. Contact
Comba Telecom Systems.
z Do not remove items from antistatic packing until installation. If damage is discovered at the
time of installation, contact the shipping agent.

3.3.2 TOOLS
See appendix 7.1 for a full list of tools required for installation.

3.3.3 PREPARATION

Repeater:
z Mounting surface or pole capable of support chassis’ weight: < 37 kg (82 lb.)
z Power outlet within 2m / 6.5 ft.
z Terminate unused antenna ports with a 50 ohm terminator.
z Earthing point/Safety ground within 2m / 6.5 ft.

Antenna:
z Antenna installation is covered by their respective manuals. Take normal precautions when
preparing and handling feeder cables to ensure they are not damaged.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 21


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3.3.4 WALL MOUNTING DETAILS


z Fix the mounting rack to a wall with four masonary bolts (M10×100). If the mounting surface is
not strong enough, insert two more masonary bolts to the upper mounting rack.
z Raise the chassis and position it over the mounting rack, hook the equipment chassis onto the
mounting rack from the upper corners.
z Unlock and open the chassis door and to remove four socket-head bolts on each corners of the
cover.
z Four bolts (M8×80) secure the chassis to the mounting rack, these are accessed from the rear
rack.
z Close the chassis cover, tighten the socket-head bolts on four corners and lock the chassis
door.

Fig 3: Mounting rack dimension

Fig 4: Wall mounting overview

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 22


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

3.3.5 POLE MOUNTING DETAILS


z The equipment can be mounted on customer-located poles of about 75mm in diameter.
z Insert and tighten the U bolts to secure the mounting frame onto the pole.
z The remainder of the installation are identical to wall-mounting.

Fig 5: Pole mounting overview

3.3.6 DRIP-LOOP
Comba recommends that every horizontal cable entry to the equipment forms a 'U' before its entry to
the equipment. Any accumulated water on the cable will drip down at the bottom of the loop and will
not climb up to the equipment.

3.3.7 EQUIPMENT CONNECTIONS


The equipment has been designed for all cable entries from the bottom of the chassis. The only
exception is the RS232 connection where it a temporary connection for equipment commissioning.

Ground connection

The chassis must be grounded securely. Connect a copper wire (resistance <2.5 Ω) to the
grounding terminal on the equipment chassis, and connect the other end to a protective ground (i.e.
building earth point). An internationally acceptable coloring code of the ground connection wire is
green/yellow.

Service voltage connection

The repeater accepts single phase 220V AC 50Hz power. The recommected AC connection is rated
at AC 220V, 10A and has three connections to include earth. This connection is labelled ‘AC in’

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 23


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

Optional: Equipment back-up battery connectivity

External batteries provides DC voltage at 24V 100Ah to the equipment. Comba recommends
sealed lead-acid batteries to be used. DC connection is made with wires constructed on-site,
wires of AVR 1.2mm2 are used, select red for ‘+’ and black for the ‘-‘ connection.

Take red and black wires from the terminals within the chassis; feed them through the cable
gland to the battery pack. This connection is labeled “DC in”.

24V is derived by two 12v battery cells connected in series, connect the red and black wires to
the battery terminals securely and tightening the cable gland.

RF signal connection

Connectection to donor antenna and mobile antenna is below:


z Donor antenna cable → DT port
z Mobile antenna cable → MT port

Li-ion battery connection

The lithium-ion battery-pack provides back-up supply to the MCU board; an in-line connector
close to the battery pack is ‘disconnected’ before shipping. During installation, re-connect the in-
line connector to ensure proper function of the MCU.

OMT connection for commission and local management

This cable is supplied with the equipment, it connects between the serial port of the PC to the ‘D5’
on the distribution board within the chassis. Note: temporary break the the Li-ion battery connection
before making the OMT connection.

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 24


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4 COMMISSIONING
4.1 MCU LED INDICATORS
Four diagnostic LED are located on the distribution board, each indicates the status of a particular
function:

Identifier Colour Indication


L1 Red Online programming.
L2 Red Alarm.
L3 Green MCU operation.
L4 Red Wireless modem status.
Table 9: MCU LED

- MCU resumes operation mode


Following initialization, L2, L3 & L4 will flash for 60sec then remain ON. At this point, the MCU is
under normal operation mode.

- Whilst MCU is in normal operation, the following mode


z Operation is indicated by L3 (Green LED) flashing at a rate of 1 flash/sec. Any other flashing
rate indicates MCU is faulty.
z Warning LED L2 (Red LED) is ON to indicate alarm.
z L4 (Red LED) indicates the status of the wireless modem. During normal operation, it is
OFF, while ON, it’s indicating faulty wireless modem and no communication will take place.
z L1 LED indicator will flash when users read, set or download files via OMT

Note: Faulty MCU is indicated by LED (L2, L3 or L4) flashing at any other rate than 1 flash/sec. MCU
will have to be replaced.

Fig 6: Location of MCU and LED

4.2 EQUIPMENT POWER-UP


Before applying power, check that the expected voltage, current, and power levels do not violate any
ratings. Double check all connections before applying power. Do not manipulate circuits or make
changes with power applied.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 25


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.3 OMT
The equipment can be monitored and controlled by one or two means.

z OMT software running on a local PC with serial connection the equipment


z OMC software with remote connection to the equipment over wire/wireless telecommunication
network.

OMT software is based on Windows operation system, and is designed for monitoring and
maintaining of Comba repeaters and boosters.

For R-9110AC repeater, the OMT software can accomplish the following functions:

z To configure and adjust the repeater’s operating parameters


z Display the repeater’s internal operation status
z Display the input field level and output power
z To configure and commission the software network parameters

4.4 NON-VOLATILE MEMORY


A non-volatile storage device on the MCU holds the configuration of the equipment, the following
information are preserved in the event of power-loss:

Repeater configuration
Repeater number
Device number
SMS center number
Alarm dial-up number
OMC inquiry number
Remote communication mode

Operating parameters
Master ATT
Assistant ATT
PA soft on/off
Oscillation elimination on/off
Output power
Gain
Channel field
Alarm thresholds

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 26


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.4.1 OMT SOFTWARE VERSION


The version number of OMT for this equipment is 1.03, this is compatible for both 5W and 10W
version of the repeater.

4.4.2 OMT SOFTWARE INSTALLATION


This is documented separately by the OMT Installation manual. (Ref: 0.6.1)

After installing OMT software on the PC, connection to the equipment can be done directly or
remotely.

4.4.3 PREPARATION FOR REMOTE CONNECTION OF OMT USING WIRELESS


MODEM
A factory installed wireless modem with the equipment provides the option of remote connection of
the equipment by OMT. The wireless modem implements the link for data and SMS.

The power cable and data wire has already been connected to the wireless modem, customer only
need to insert the SIM card into the wireless modem.

Fig 7: Wireless modem

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 27


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.4.4 CONNECTING OMT TO EQUIPMENT


OMT communicates to the equipment by either a direct serial link or remotely by a wireless modem.

1. Connect the local PC to the equipment by the RS232 cable supplied, one end connects to the
‘D5’ connector within the equipment, the other to the serial port of PC.

2. Power-up the equipment, and it will go through the initialization process (duration about
60~120s).

3. After initialization, select ‘Choose Connection Type’ -> “Local connection” -> ‘OK’

4. Select ‘Com-Setting’ -> ‘Serial Port Setting’ to enter communication port configuration.

Note, the default settings are: baud rate (9600), check bit (None), data bits (8 bits), and stop bit (1
digit).

Fig 8: OMT screenshot - communication setup

The aboves enable communication between OMT and the equipment. The OMT main-window will
appear automatically, and is followed by a pop-up message ‘Online OK’

For remote connection, selecting ‘online’ should bring up the main-window.

In the event of connection failure, a connection prompt will appear on the screen, proceed to verify
the following and re-try the connection:

z Check the power connection


z Check serial port selection
z Check speed setting for the port
z Check whether the mains voltage is normal, and whether the repeater is switched on.
z Check whether the site ID is correct.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 28


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.5 LOCAL COMMISSIONING


With OMT executing on the local PC and connected to the equipment, select ‘online’ from the main
window to enter the screen for equipment configuration and data inquiry.

The ‘R-9110AC band Selective Repeater’ window will appear, and ‘Online OK!’ message will
appear.

Fig 9: OMT screenshot - Main window

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 29


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.5.1 DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETERS


The parameters being described are applicable throughout the R-9110AC variants having power
1W, 2W and 10W.

4.5.1.1 NETWORK PARAMETERS

The following parameters are located on the left of the main screen, these include: Site ID, SMS and
data link parameters, all of enables communication with the OMC located in a Network Operation
Centre.

SITE ID The identification of each site to the OMC (see section ‘Remote
Monitoring using OMC’)

SMS REPORT ALARM Specifies the SMS centre the system dial when alarms are to be
sent as SMS.
The ‘OMC report number’ specifies a number the MCU to dial for
alarm reporting.

DATALINK REPORT In the datalink mode, alarms can be sent over the PSTN to a
ALARM maximum of four numbers.

Table 10: Management - Network Parameters

Note 1: Only one communication mode is available at one time. Green indicates active and red
indicates disable.
Note 2: If the alarm message has been acknowledged using OMT, then it would not be reported
again.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 30


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.5.1.2 RF PARAMETERS

Occupuing the middle of the main window are the RF parameters:

Identifier Application Setting 1 Setting 2 Initial setting


Soft On/Off To avoid the electro- ‘On' = DC power ‘Off’= no DC supply to ON
Switch magnetic emission from the supply enabled, and frequency selecting and
repeater in operation, by the frequency amplifying module. their
enable/disable the DC power selecting and parameters (frequency
supply to the frequency amplifying module is band, ATT, power, and
selecting and amplifying enabled, parameters alarm) can not be read
module. The repeater gives of which can be set or set.
out no power in this case, but and read.
other parameters are not
affected.
‘On' = enable the
function to eliminate
the self-excited
oscillation, this is
Oscillation To enable/disable the ‘Off' = disable the
done automatically by
Elimination function that eliminates self- function to eliminate the ON
stepping down the
On/off excited oscillation self-excited oscillation.
gain when while
isolation value is
lower than the
configured value.
Uplink freq chn
Channel To configur channel number, Uplink channel Down channel high edge =
number and allow fine tuning of numbers: High edge numbers: High edge 88, Downlink
setting frequency in steps of 25KHz. and low edge and low edge freq chn high
edge = 66
ATT setting Adjustment to the operation Master uplink / Assistant uplink / 0dB for master
gain for: Master uplink ATT, downlink ATT is downlink ATT is ATT, 0~3dB
master downlink ATT, 0~30dB 0~15dB. for Assistant
assistant uplink ATT and ATT
assistant downlink ATT.
Setting the upper- Shoule the measured
Temperature temperature threshold within temperature reach the
+75c
threshold the chassis. A measured threahold, the alarm is
temperature is shown. generated.
For uplink and downlink Should the measured
power threshold setting power value is lower
ranging from +10 to +40dBm. than the setting, the
Power
A measures power level is appropriate +12dBm
threshold
shown, and customer can set uplink/downlink power
power threshold according to alarm will be
situation. generated.
Field Intensity threshold,
valid range is from –40 to – Should the measured
80dBm. The measured value field value is lower
Field
is shown (DT port downlink than field threshold, a -55dBm
threshold
input power), Customer can field-low alarm is
set field threshold according generated.
to situation.
Table 11: Management - RF parameters

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 31


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.5.1.3 EQUIPMENT RESET

In the unlikely events of false alarms being reported or software appear to run abnormally, the
customer has the option to reset the equipment. Observing the read-only fields should indicate
equipment reset had completed.

Select ‘System’ -> ‘Device Reset’ followed by ‘Yes’ or ‘No’

4.5.1.4 ALARM LIST

The Alarm list for the R-9110AC is shown below, these are enabled/disabled with OMT/OMC by
placing a ‘tick’ in the adjacent box against the required alarm condition and select ‘Set’:

Alarm name Observations


Uplink/downlink LNA alarm monitor whether uplink/downlink LNA is
normal
Power down alarm check whether the AC power supply is down
Power fault alarm check whether the power supply is at fault
Door open alarm check whether the chassis door is closed
Oscillation alarm check whether the system is in the status of
self-excited oscillation
Uplink/downlink PA alarm check whether uplink/downlink power
amplification is normal
Field low alarm check whether DT field intensity is too low
Over temperature alarm check whether the temperature in chassis is
too high
Uplink/downlink VSWR alarm check whether DT/MT antenna VSWR is
normal
Uplink/downlink high/low edge PLL alarm check whether local PLL is normal
Uplink/downlink power low alarm check whether uplink/downlink power is too
low
Table 12: Management - Alarm list

On the OMT/OMC screen, the alarm is colour coded to indicate its status:

z Red indicates failure, and an alarm condition is generated.


z Green indicates normal, and no alarm is generared.
z Gray indicates null, meaning alarm can not be read (i.e. Soft ON/OFF set to ‘ON’)

4.5.1.5 ALARM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

As and when the designated Alarm occurs, it will be visible on OMT and/or reported to OMC.

If OMC does not acknowledging after a time-out of three minutes, the same alarm will be reported to
OMC.

After each the time-out, the un-acknowledged alarm will be reported again with a total of with five
attempts.

Should the alarm is acknowledged within the time-out period, the alarm is acknowledged, and
reported stops.

Alarm is cleared after the necessary diagnosis and rectification has been carried out, the on-scree
colour indicator for the designator should turn to green.

Every twenty-four hours, the equipment will be resetted automatically, any alarm messages held
within the equipment would be cleared.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 32


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

For every five dial-up attempts, the equipment will be resetted automatically, any alarm messages
held within the equipment would be cleared.

Should the ‘Soft on/off’ function is ‘ON’, then the no alarm will be generated for the following
conditions: Power down, power failed, chassis lock and over temp alarms.

4.5.1.6 SOFTWARE DOWNLOAD

This deals with the firmware held on the MCU, download is initiated by selecting ‘Download’.
Firmware update is carried out when a new version is released, the current formware is at releae
“V4.9.07”.

4.5.1.7 SOFTWARE VERSION

OMT software are designed to be backward compatible, to view the OMT software version, select
‘Help’ → ‘About System’ in the OMT software main window.

The MCU firmware has its own version number. This version number is shown on the upper right of
the ‘equipment configuration’ window.

4.5.1.8 EXIT OMT

Click ‘Exit’ sub-menu under ‘System’ command of OMT main window, select ‘Yes’, the OMT
software will stop executing.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 33


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.6 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES


System commission can commence after the monitoring system has initialized. (e.g. when MCU
LED L4 is off and L3 begin to flash). The commission procedure is as follow:

Commissioning Tasks Observation


1. Verify RF uplink and z Locate the DT coupler at the inside left side of chassis.
downlink power Measure signal from the –30dB coupling port to verify
downlink signals from BS or uplink signals retransmitted
by the repeater.
z Measure signal from the –20dB coupling port to verify
GSM modem signal level to transmit remote control
signals.
z Locate the MT coupler at the right side of chassis.
Measure signal from the –30dB coupling port to verify
uplink signals from mobile antenna or downlink signals
retransmitted by the repeater.
2. On-line & inquiry status z Enter into R-9110AC Main window. Initialization of
monitoring system will be up in about 2 minutes, at that
time, on MCU L4 is off and L3 begins to flash. Click
‘online’ button and inquiry the repeater’s status. Go to
next step if there is no alarm. Else or, check the point of
failure and handle the alarm.
z Set site ID and telephone number
3. Set On/off Status / z Click ‘ON’ of power supply and set high edge and low
operating band/ gain edge of the repeater’s operating frequency,
uplink/downlink master ATT (user can set initial value to
30~40dB) and uplink/downlink assistant ATT (factory
set value is 0dB).
4. Set monitoring system
parameters
5. Test DL input power and z Observe DL input power from ‘Field (dBm)’. Align the
align donor antenna direction of donor antenna till the DL input power
reading is maximized.
6. Set monitoring system
parameters
7. Measuring power

8. Test DL output power and z Set the DL ATT to the optimal level to avoid saturating
adjust DL ATT level the DL PA or to satisfy designing requirement.
9. Test coverage area field z Use test-handset to verify field intensity within the
intensity and adjust mobile coverage area. If needed, re-align the mobile antenna to
antenna . achieve the coverage as per customer requirement.
z Note 1: If during operation, the equipment gain could
not be set to maximum or the output power is not high
enough due to influence of donor antenna and mobile
antenna isolation, the value of ‘I’ should be re-
calculated. If the output power has been high enough
and ALC is enables, then adjust gain for the downlink
branch to achieve ALC to operate within 4~7 dB.
z Note 2: Output power may be variable due to TDMA
technology employed in GSM devices. Take the
maximum value when reading parameters.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 34


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

10. Verify uplink gain and z Adjust uplink gain and carryout test-call. Set the uplink
ensure test-call is proper gain slightly lower than downlink gain. Then carryout
and there’re no interfering test call in the coverage area while adjusting uplink gain
BS if required. Note: If the repeater locates near the BTS
and the test-call performance is poor, this may be due
to uplink noise interfere the BTS. Customers can
calculate whether the repeater uplink noise interfere the
BTS according to the table in appendix C.
z Verify again there’s no unacceptable interference to
BTS and Isolation meets the need after test-call.
Table 13: Commissioning procedures

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 35


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

4.7 REMOTE MONITORING USING OMC


OMC offers flexibility to manager a network of equipment, all the tasks carried out by the OMT can
performed centrally from the OMC terminal.

In order for OMC to communicate to each equipment, an unique equipment identification must be
referred to, and it is entered using OMT after local commission has been completed. The identifier is
known as ‘Site ID’, and is an alpha-numeric string composed of of six characters.

z Enter the unique ‘Site ID’ value into the ‘Site Address’ field and select ‘Set’

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 36


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

5 OPERATION
Following installation and commissioning, occasional operation tasks to handling alarms may be
required:

Alarm condition Diagnosis


Power down / power Check AC power cable and verify AC mains supply is normal. During
fault alarm power fault alarm, DC power supply has no output. Check if DC
output power is overload or short-circuitd. The PSU could be faulty.
Uplink / downlink LNA, Check power and signal connections of respective modules. If the
uplink / downlink PA, power and signal wire connections are OK, then the respective
uplink / downlink modules may be faulty. Replace the fault modules and return it to
high/low edge PLL the factory for repair.
alarms handling
Uplink / downlink power Eliminate alarm by correct setting of uplink/downlink power threshold
low alarm The recommended power threshold is within the range of
10~40dBm. If alarm can not be cleared, check the equipment.
Field low alarm Eliminate alarm by correct setting of field threshold. The
recommended field threshold is within the range of –40~-80dBm. If
alarm can not be cleared, check the DT antenna system.
Oscillation alarm Check whether the Isolation between donor antenna and mobile
antenna is large enough. Adjustment to RX/TX antennas can
eliminate self-excited oscillation. Verify the (I) is 10dB larger than
Gmax.
Uplink / downlink VSWR Check DT antenna system if there is uplink VSWR alarm. Check MT
alarm antenna system if there is downlink VSWR alarm.
Over temperature alarm Eliminate alarm by correct setting of temperature threshold. If alarm
can not be cleared, apply climatic protection to the equipment
Door open alarm Close the chassis door
Table 14: Alarms diagnosis

End of section

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 37


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

6 MAINTENANCE
The R-9110AC repeater offers trouble free operation and generally does not need maintenance.

The equipment operation status can be observed remotely through OMC.

Periodic inspection of the repeater equipment(s) is recommended, the recommended tasks includes:

z Inspect and record operation status and output power of the repeater from OMC or OMT.
z Verify the direction and position of antennas. Re-align if necessary.
z Make sure the cable gland and sealing on the RF cable connectors are not damaged.
z Verify lightning and grounding protection are in good condition.
z For both Li-ion and the optional equipment back-up battery, verify their state. Deeply
discharged battery shall be return to Comba for replacement.
„ A simple procedure to check Li-ion battery: after operating for 24-hours, switch off AC
power supply. Measure and if the voltage of Li-on battery drops below 16V within one
hour, the Li-on battery has been over-discharged.
„ A simple procedure to check the back-up battery: after operating for 24-hours, switch off
AC power. Measure and if the voltage of backup battery drops below 23.5V within one
hour, the backup battery has been over-discharged.

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 38


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

7 APPENDICES
7.1 APPENDIX A: TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR INSTALLATION

Description
Slotted screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver
Adjustable spanner (up to 20mm opening)
Electrically operated drill and masonry drill bits
Anti-static wrist strap
Allen key

7.2 APPENDIX B: VSWR – RETURN LOSS TABLE

VSWR - Return VSWR - Return VSWR - Return Loss


Loss (dB) (VSWR - Loss (dB) (dB) (VSWR - RL)
RL) (VSWR - RL)
1.4 -- -15.5 1.8 -- -10.9 2.2 -- -8.5
1.5 -- -14 1.9 -- -10.2 2.3 -- -8.1
1.6 -- -12.8 2.0 -- -9.6 2.4 -- -7.7
1.7 -- -11.8 2.1 -- -9 2.5 -- -7.4

7.3 APPENDIX C: UPLINK ATT AND NOISE LEVEL

Uplink Uplink 200KHz Noise


Master ATT Channel ATT Level (dBm)
(dB) (dB)

0 0 -21
-10 0 -30
-20 0 -37
-30~-40 0 -40
-30~-40 -10 -47
-30~-40 -20 -50

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 39


ENU Status : 1-0-0
EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR R-9110AC

7.4 APPENDIX D: RMA (RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION) FORM

End of section

End of Document

R-9110AC QE Copyright - refer to title page Page 40


ENU Status : 1-0-0