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Tan Delta and Capacitance Tester TDC3100

User Manual
(V1.3.0)
Content

1.Safety Instruction……………………………………………………………………………….........2
2.Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………..2
3.Technical Index………………………………………………………………………………………3
4. Test Wiring Connection……………………………………………………………………………..3
4.1 Definitions…………………………………………………………………………………………..3
4.2 Test Wiring Connection Diagram…………………………………………………………………...4
4.3 GSTG with internal power and internal reference capacitor………………………………………..9
4.4 Shield Layer of Low Voltage Cables………………………………………………………………11
4.5 Typical Applications in Power System…………………………………………………………….12
5.Operation Guide………………………………………………………………………………........20
5.1 Protection Units……………………………………………………………………………………20
5.2 Panel of Tester……………………………………………………………………………………..21
5.3 Operation of Tester………………………………………………………………………………...23
6.Trouble Shooting……………………………………………………………………………………26
7.Package List…………………………………………………………………………………………26

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1.Safety Instruction

1) The tester must be connected to earth properly before use.


2) The HV output terminals should be clean before starting test.
3) The test voltage is very high, so the users must keep enough safe distance from the sample and
high voltage circuit.
4) The tester should be power off when making wiring connections.
5) It is forbid to touch the terminals and cables when testing.
6) Any replacement should be made after tester is switched off
7) The tester should not be connected to the live power line at all.
8) The operator or user should get a certification of high voltage electrical test from local professional
institute.
9) Please do not use the tester in rain, high temperature, large amount of dust environment
10) The tester should be repaired by certificated engineer in case that there is fault.
The above warnings should be read and understood before using the tester.

2.Applications

Tan Delta and Capacitance Tester TDC3100 is applied to measure the dissipation factor (PF) of insulating
materials in heavy interference site, such as power plants, power substations etc.. It also can be applied in
laboratory for high accuracy capacitance and dissipation measurement. The tester is all-in-one design:
including precision digital bridge, power unit, internal reference capacitor (Cn), booster transformer and
other electronic circuits.
The typical applications of Tan Delta and Capacitance Tester TDC3100 are as following:
1)measure the dissipation & capacitance of power transformer and distribution transformer
2)measure the dissipation & capacitance of current transformer and voltage transformer
3)measure the dissipation & capacitance of high voltage circuit breaker
4)measure the dissipation & capacitance of high voltage motor
5)measure the dissipation & capacitance of insulation bushing

3.Technical Index

The detailed technical indexes of TDC3100 are as following:


1)Test Standard: IEC60247
2)Dielectric Dissipation Factor(tgδ)
measuring range: no limit
accuracy: ±(reading×1%+0.00040)
resolution: 0.001%

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3)Capacitance (Cx)
measuring range: Internal HV: 3pF~60000pF/12kV, 60pF~1uF/0.5kV
External HV: 3pF~1.5μF/12kV, 60pF~30μF/0.5kV
accuracy: ±(reading×1%+1 pF)
resolution: 0.001pF(4 valid digital)
4)Input Current Range: 10μA~5A
5)Internal HV
adjustment: rise or fall smoothly
range: 0.5~12kV / 200mA (max.)
accuracy: ±(reading×1%+10V)
resolution: 100V
6)CVT Output: voltage: 3~50V, current: 3~30A
7)Frequency Selection
range: 50Hz or 60Hz (single point, locked)
45Hz/55Hz, 55Hz/65Hz (double variable point, locked)
accuracy: ±0.01Hz
8)Interference Ratio: interference current is no more than 2 times of test current
9)Test Time: 40s typical
10)RS232 interface
11)Built-in micro-thermal printer
12)Power Supply: AC180V~270V, 50Hz/60Hz
13)Environmental Condition
storage temperature: -20℃~60℃
operating temperature: -10℃~50℃
humidity: <90%
14)Others
dimension: 455mm*335mm*350mm
weight: 30kg
15)Safety Qualifications and EMC
Safety: designed in accordance with IEC61010-1
EMC: light industrial IEC 61326

4.Test Wiring Connection

4.1 Definitions
UST: Un-grounded sample test. This mode is applied to measure the dielectric dissipation factor of
un-grounded specimen. The test result of UST mode is more accuracy compared to GST mode because the
ground condition has no effect in test result.
GST: Grounded sample test. This mode is applied to measure the dielectric dissipation factor of
grounded specimen.

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GSTG: Grounded sample test with guarded connection. This mode is applied to split the capacitors
with grounded specimen.
CVT: Capacitive Voltage Transformer test. CVT is applied in capacitive voltage transformer
dissipation factor measurement only.
HV: High voltage
MV: Medium high voltage
LV: Low voltage
PF: Dielectric dissipation factor

4.2 Test Wiring Connection Diagram


4.2.1 Reference Connections in Different Test Mode
The guide connection of TDC3100 is as figure 1 to figure 9.
1) UST with internal reference capacitor and internal HV (Normal UST)
HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx
Specimen
Input
Cn
External
Reference
Capacitor
Core of Cx Cable

CVT1

CVT2

Figure 1 Wiring connection for UST with internal reference capacitor and internal HV power

2) GST with internal reference capacitor and internal HV(Normal GST)

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx
Specimen
Input
Cn
External
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Figure 3 Wiring connection for GST with internal reference capacitor and internal HV power

3) UST with external reference capacitor and internal HV


HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx Specimen Cn

Input
Cn Reference
Capacitor
External Core of Cx
Reference
cable
Capacitor
Core of Cn
cable
CVT1

CVT2

Figure 3 Wiring connection for UST with external reference capacitor and internal HV power

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4) GST with external reference capacitor and internal HV

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx Specimen Cn

Input
Cn Reference
Capacitor
External
Reference
Capacitor

Core of Cn
CVT1
cable

CVT2

Figure 4 Wiring connection for GST with external reference capacitor and internal HV power
5) UST with internal reference capacitor and external HV

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx Specimen

Input
Cn
External
Reference High voltage
Capacitor
transformer

CVT1 Core of Cx
cable
CVT2

Figure 5 Wiring connection for UST with internal reference capacitor and external HV power

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6) GST with internal reference capacitor and external HV

HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx

Input Specimen
Cn
External
Reference High voltage
Capacitor transformer

CVT1

CVT2

Figure 6 Wiring connection for GST with internal reference capacitor and external HV power
7) UST with external reference capacitor and external HV (HV dissipation)

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx Specimen
Cn
Input
Cn Reference
Capacitor High voltage
External Core of Cx transformer
Reference
Cable
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2
Core of Cn
Cable

Figure 7 Wiring connection for UST with external reference capacitor and external HV power

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8) GST with external reference capacitor and external HV

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx
Specimen Cn
Input
Cn Reference
Capacitor
External
Reference High voltage
Capacitor transformer

CVT1

CVT2

Core of Cn
Cable

Figure 8 Wiring connection for GST with external reference capacitor and external HV power
9) Self-excited voltage test for CVT reference connection
If the sample is CVT the test could be connected in figure 9. The test voltage would be injected from
the secondary of CVT.
HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx

Input
Cn CVT
External
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Figure 9 Wiring connection for CVT

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4.3 GSTG with internal power and internal reference capacitor
The GSTG mode is applied to split the capacitors of grounded specimen. The Low voltage cable is
applied to be a guard layer. The current flowed from the low voltage cable will be decreased from the final
test result.

The reference connection mode for GSTG with internal power and internal reference connection is as
figure 9B. The capacitors in part 2 will be guarded in this mode. The figure 9C is the reference connection
for three-phase DY power transformer test in GSTG mode.

The software test item in GSTG is the same as GST, but the “M” mode of GST should be selected. You
can move the cursor to the GST and then click button “enter”. The “M” logo will be displayed as figure 9D
when GSTG is selected.

Figure 9B Split the test result by shield layer

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Figure 9C Reference Connection for DY Power Transformer in GSTG mode

Figure 9D GSTG Test Mode Selection

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4.4 Shield layer of low voltage cables
The leakage current flowed from the shield layer of Cx cable will not be calculated by the bridge in
the final test results. That means if we connect one parts of the specimen to the shield layer of Cx cable, the
capacitor value and dielectric dissipation factor from the test point to the shield layer will not be included in
the final test result.
Fox example in figure 10. The single phase voltage transformer with 2 secondary windings and both
the HV terminal had been packaged with bushes. The total dissipation of the HV winding to LV winding
and shell could be stood by capacitor C1, C2 and C3 as figure 10. If we make measurement as figure 10 in
UST mode, we will get the capacitor value as C3. Both C1 and C2 will not be included in the test result
because leakage current I1 and I2 do not flow into the internal bridge.

HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx Voltage Transformer with two HV bushes

Input LV1
Cn C2
External
Reference HV Winding
Capacitor
Shield Layer
Core I3
CVT1
C3 I2
CVT2 LV2
C1 I1

Shell

Cx Cable

Figure 10 Split the test result by shield layer

Also the current flowing from the shield layer of Cn cable will not be included in the internal bridge. That
is said the shield layer could be applied to cut the disturb current outside the external standard capacitor.

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4.5 Typical Applications in Power System

4.5.1 Measure Dielectric Dissipation Factor of 3-phase Transformer

1)Measure the total dielectric dissipation factor of windings in GST Test Mode

The total dielectric dissipation factor of windings of 3-phase power transformer is constructed by two parts
as figure 11. The capacitor C1 stand for the capacitor value of HV windings to shell and the capacitor C2
stand for the capacitor value of HV windings to LV windings in figure 11.
The capacitor value and dielectric dissipation factor of C2 could be measured in UST mode. If the shell of
power transformer has been grounded, GST test mode should be applied in measuring the capacitor value
and dielectric dissipation of C1.

HV Winding LV Winding
UA
Shell of Ua
transformer
UB Ub
C1 C2
Uc
UC
Uo
UO

Two Windings Three Phase Power


Transformer

Figure 11 Dielectric dissipation construction for three phase transformer


Normally the LV windings are connected with the shell together in dielectric dissipation measurement for
three phase power transformers. In this connection mode GST test mode should be applied in the test. Also
the value measured by TDC3100 stand for whole loss of windings of power transformer.
The figure 12 to figure 18 are the typical measurement for the while dielectric dissipation factor
measurement of windings of power transformer. All those test should made in GST test mode.

2)Measure the dielectric dissipation factor from HV Windings to LV Windings in UST Test Mode

The dielectric dissipation factor of HV windings to LV windings for two winding power transformer could
be represented by capacitor C2 in figure 11. In order to get the accuracy test result the leakage current
flowed from the shell should not be injected to the bridge internal the tester. So the UST mode is

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applied in the test and the shell of the transformer should be connected to ground.
All the typical connection diagram of follow is based on YY connection for mode for three phase
power transformer. If the winding connection mode is Delta, Please make short connection for
UA,UB and UC only.
HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc
External
Reference Uo
Capacitor UO

Two Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 12 PF measurement of HV Winding in GST mode for two windings transformer

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc
External
Reference Uo
Capacitor UO

Two Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 13 PF measurement of LV Winding in GST mode for two windings transformer

HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc
External
Reference Uo
Capacitor UO

Two Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 14 PF measurement of both HV&LV Winding in GST mode for two windings transformer

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding MV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc Uc
External
Reference Uo Uo
Capacitor UO

Three Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 15 PF measurement of HV Winding in GST mode for three windings transformer

HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding MV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc Uc
External
Reference Uo Uo
Capacitor UO

Three Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 16 PF measurement of MV Winding in GST mode for three windings transformer

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding MV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc Uc
External
Reference Uo Uo
Capacitor UO

Three Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 17 PF measurement of LV Winding in GST mode for three windings transformer

HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding MV Winding LV Winding
UA Shell of
Input Ua Ua transformer
Cx
UB Ub Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc Uc
External
Reference Uo Uo
Capacitor UO

Three Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2

Figure 18 PF measurement of All Windings in GST mode for three windings transformer

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester


HV Winding LV Winding
UA
Input Ua
Cx Shell of
UB transformer
Ub
Input
Cn
UC Uc
External
Reference Uo
Capacitor UO

Two Windings Three Phase Power


CVT1 Transformer

CVT2
Core of Cx cable

Figure 19 PF measurement of HV Windings to LV Windings in UST mode

4.5.2 Measure Dielectric Dissipation Factor of Singe phase transformer

Please make test wiring connection as figure 20 for Single phase transformer with two insulation bushes.
The GST test mode should be selected and the total dielectric dissipation factor of HV winding to LV
winding & shell will be measured in this test. The single phase transformer with two bushes includes single
phase power transformer, Line voltage measurement voltage transformer and current transformer.

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HV Cable

Tangent Delta Tester HV


Winding
Input
Cx
LV Winding
Input
Cn
Single Phase power transformer & Voltage transformer& Current
External Transformer with two insulation bushes in HV Winding
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Two insulation bushes reference

Figure 20 PF measurement of two bushes single phase transformer in GST mode


HV Cable

Core of Cx Cable

Tangent Delta Tester HV LV Winding


Winding
Input
Cx

Input
Cn
Single power transformer & Voltage transformer with
External
single insulation bushes in primary
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Single bushes transformer reference

Figure 21 HV Winding to LV Winding PF measurement of single bushes transformer in UST mode


Please make test connection as figure 21 for Single phase transformer with single insulation bushes. The
UST test mode should be selected and the dielectric dissipation factor of HV winding to LV winding will be
measured in this test. Please be careful that the maximum output current of the TDC3100 is 200mA. Some
of the power output will be consumed at the high voltage winding excitation. Also the test voltage should

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not more than the rated voltage of high voltage winding of the single phase transformer.
The single phase transformer with single bushes includes phase voltage measurement voltage transformer
and voltage booster of HIPOT tester.
Warning:
The low voltage winding should keep open for the single bushes transformer PF measurement. Also
the low voltage side of high voltage winding should be connected to ground So that the excitation
current of HV winding will not affect the final test result.

4.5.3 Measure Dielectric Dissipation Factor of Motors

All the output windings of power generator motors should connected together with the high voltage cable
of the test set. Also the winding of excitation should be connected to ground as figure 22. The GST test
mode should be applied in the dielectric dissipation factor measurement of HV power generator motors.
HV Cable

Excitation Coil
(For Power LV Winding
Generator only)
Ua Shell of
Tangent Delta Tester Motor
Ub

Input Uc
Cx
Uo
Input
Cn
External HV Motors
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Reference Gas Generator Motor, Hydro Power


Generator Motor Generator and HV Motor

Figure 22 Dielectric Dissipation Factor Measurement of Motors in GST mode


For the HV electric motor the connection of PF measurement is the same with power generator except the
excitation coil. There is no rotor winding in HV electric motors.

4.5.4 Measure Dielectric Dissipation Factor of Circuit Breakers

The dielectric dissipation factor measurement of circuit breaker is to test the bushes of contacts. Each
contact has two bushes in the circuit breaker. All those bushes should be test one by one.
The contacts of circuit breaker should keep open before PF measurement. Make connection for dielectric

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dissipation factor measurement as figure 23 for circuit breakers. The UST test mode should be applied in
the bushes PF measurement.
HV Cable
Keep Circuit Breaker Contacts
Open and then test the Bushes
one by one

Tangent Delta Tester

Input
Cx

Input
Cn
External Circuit Breaker
Reference
Capacitor

CVT1

CVT2

Figure 21 PF measurement of Circuit Breaker Bushes in UST mode

5.Operation Guide

5.1 Protection Units


There are many safe protections are integrated in the tester. The details of protection are as following:
1) High voltage side protection
If the sample is break down or the test current is over the maximum value for short circuit the test
would stop test and cut off power out automatically
2) Input power supply Protection
If power supply is unstable or broken suddenly, or connected to 380V mistakenly, it will go to
protected status .Main power supply circuit will be cut off automatically
3) Grounded Protection
There is ground detection unit in the test set. If the test set has not been grounded the test will not be
disenabled until the test set had been grounded.

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5.2 Panel of Tester
The panel of TDC3100 is as figure 22 and figure 23. Figure 22 is the front panel of TDC3100, which is
able to measure the CVT dielectric dissipation factor. Figure 23 is the HV output port of TDC3100.The
detailed descriptions are as following:

Figure 22 Front Panel of TDC3100

1)Cx socket (range 10μA—1A)

Function: Leakage current detection for UST as figure 9.


Connection: The core of cable connects LV test point of specimen, the current flow from the core
will be calculated in the final test results; the shell connects LV shell point, the current flow from the shell
will be ignored in the bridge. It will not include in the final test result. If no shell point on the specimen,
please keep the cable shell free. In the socket, pin 1 is core, pin 2/3 are shell (already grounded).
Notice:
(a) Strictly prohibiting pull out the cable while testing in UST mode.
(b) Use full-shelled connector to improve accuracy of measurement.
(c) In order to avoid false data, the cable should be connected the set and the specimen reliably.
(d) In order to prevent inductive electric shock, it's better to disconnect the cable while keeping the
cable grounded.

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2)Cn socket (range 10μA-5A)

Function: use an external reference capacitor.


Connection: similar with the Cx socket.
(a) Wire the external reference capacitor with full shelled connector to improve the accuracy of
measurement
(b) Cn socket is valid while “External Cn” mode on test menu is selected.
(c) Set the capacitance and the dissipation factor of reference capacitor connected. So the test set
could use the external capacitor as a standard value.

3)Grounding socket

The ground Pin of power input socket has been connected to the shell of case. The test set should
be well grounded all the time when testing. No ground connection will cause danger in the metal touch
point of the test set.

4)Power supply inlet (180V~270V, 50Hz/60Hz)

(a) There is a fast protection of power failure, so the power supply should be well connected.
(b) If the input voltage is higher than 270V, the set will be protected.
(c) If the voltage is lower than 180V, the set cannot output 12kV voltage and maybe brings protection.
If the local power if 110V system, the power must be converted to 220V by a transformer or a booster with
capacitance no less than 500VA.
(d) The test set can fit the 50Hz/60Hz power frequency automatically.
(e) If powered with a portable generator, the frequency can not be locked with the interference
frequency that means no anti-interference function enabled. The frequency of the generator may fluctuate
greatly, so it is better to select the “fixed frequency” mode (50/60Hz).

5)Main switch and Keys

The main fuse of the test set is 5A/250V. When turning ON, test menu will be displayed after a few
seconds. In the case of emergency, turn OFF the switch immediately.
Notice: If the exchanged fuse is broken again, there may be internal error, please contact with the
manufacturer and get a guide suggestion for further inspection.
1)“►”key to move cursor.
2)“▲”and“▼”keys to modify the setting.

3) key to enter.
4) Press any key to terminate the test while the test is proceeding.

6)CVT output

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If CVT test is supported: CVT1 is the low voltage output, and CVT2 is the grounding (it is the same
terminal of earth connection).

7)HV output socket (voltage range 0.5~12kV, maximum current 200mA)

Position: at the front side of the tester as figure 23.


Function: internal HV output; the sample current measurement point of GST; the HV end of the
internal reference capacitor.
Connection: When UST, the core and / or shell of the HV cable connect to the HV side of sample.
When GST the core connects the HV test point of sample, the shell connects the HV shell of sample, if no
shell on the sample let the cable shell free. In the socket, pin 1 is core, 2/3 pins are shell, and all are on HV.
Warning:
(a) All cables of the test set are exchangeable. It is advised that the HV cable is connected with the
socket. HV socket and HV cable are at high voltage! Turn off power supply before making connection for
the HV socket.
(b) In order to avoid false data, the cable should be connected the test set and the specimen reliably.
(c) In order to prevent inductive electric shock, it's better to disconnect the cable while keeping the
cable grounded.

Figure 23 HV output port of TDC3100

5.3 Tester Operation Guide

5.3.1 Adjust the display contrast

Keep ▲or▼ button press down while turn on the main power switch, and press ▲or▼ button

again to adjust the contrast, and then press key to quit.

5.3.2 Enter the menu

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Turn on the power main switch and the LCD displays manufactory date and serial number:
Then enter the main menu as figure 24:

UST I Cn UST I Cn

60Hz 10kV I Un 60Hz 10kV I Un

Testing…………. 55% TEST

Figure 24 Main menu of display

5.3.3 Select the test mode

Move the cursor to the UST menu item. you can select “UST”、“GST” or “CVT” by pressing down
▲or▼ button.

5.3.4 Select the internal / external reference capacitor


测试 测试
Move the cursor to the I Cn menu item, Change the selection by press down ▲or▼ button. “I Cn”
stand for internal reference capacitor is applied and “E Cn” stand for external reference capacitor is applied.
If external reference capacitor is selected, the capacitance and dissipation factor of external capacitor
should be set in the test set before test is running:

5.3.5 Select the internal / external power


Move the cursor to I Un. Change the selection by press down ▲or▼ button. “I Un” stand for
internal power is applied and “E Un” stand for external power is applied

5.3.6 Select frequency

Move the cursor to Hz selection. Change the selection by press down ▲or▼ button. Select locked
frequency stand for fixed at power frequency(for 50Hz system it is 50Hz. For 60Hz system it is 60Hz).
Select un-locked frequency stand for double frequency. The test frequency is 45Hz/55Hz for 50Hz power
system. The test frequency is 55Hz/65Hz for 60Hz power system when un-locked frequency is recommend
test mode.

5.3.7 Select the test HV

Move the cursor to the test voltage setting menu item, Change the selection by press down ▲or▼
button, the available sets are“0.5 /0.6 /0.8 /1 /1.5 /2 /2.5 /3 /3.5 /4 /4.5 /5 /5.5 /6 /6.5 /7 /7.5 /8 /8.5 /9 /9.5
/10/10.5/11/11.5/12kV”.

5.3.8 Auto print

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The printer icon is displayed or canceled by pressing the key . The printer icon indicates
auto print after testing.

5.3.9 Start

Move the cursor to the TEST menu item. Press key more than 1 second to enable the test.
When test is running, the test set alarms with sound and LED light. At the bottom of LCD screen it
shows test precedence by 0%~99%.
Test can be cancelled by pressing key.
Turn off main switch immediately in the case of emergency.
When the test completes, the voltage auto fall, the results are displayed.

5.3.10 Results

After the results are displayed, press ▲or▼ button to display other result. Print by pressing the print
key. It returns to test menu after press key more than 1 second.
The type of sample is recognized automatically. The unit of data is given automatically.

Type of specimen Displayed result Note

Capacitive Cx,PF,U,I,φ,P,F,t If |PF|>1 displays Rx and


Inductive Lx,Q,U,I,φ,P,F,t Cx, if |Q|<1 displays Rx and
Resistive Cx(Lx),Rx,U,I,φ,P,F,t seriated Lx

Cx: Capacitance [1μF=1000nF / 1nF=1000pF]


PF: Dissipation Factor [1%=0.01]
Lx: Inductance [1MH=1000kH / 1kH=1000H]
Q: Quality Factor
Rx: Resistance [1MΩ=1000kΩ / 1kΩ=1000Ω]
U: Test voltage [1kV=1000V / 1V=1000mV]
I: sample current [1A=1000mA / 1mA=1000μA]
φ: Phase that the voltage (0°) lag current [°]
P: Dissipation power [1kW=1000W / 1W=1000mW]
F: Frequency [Hz], double frequency mode is the averaged frequency
t: Temperature [℃], internal sensor may be influenced by internal heat, all data is at the current
temperature, without calibration.
“Over” illustrate over range.

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6.Trouble Shooting

If the test result is in doubt, please test a reference capacitor to check the settings whether is right or
wrong. If the wrong test result is confirmed generated by the test set, please check as following:
1) The HV cable is not connected properly
If the HV cable is connected to the specimen by a hook, there may be thick dust on the specimen, and
bring in bad readings. Please make sure the specimen to the test set is reliable.
2) The grounding cable is not connected properly
There may be thick rust or thick paint on ground conductor. Please make sure the test set has been
connected to earth properly.
If readings obviously change while test the same specimen continuously, maybe the cable is bad.
3) Minus dissipation factor
Some minus PF are due to test principle such as test CVT in UST mode, test PT by the way of end
grounded. Some are due to stray capacitance such as the HV cable is too close to the specimen, or the
specimen is not shelled well. Some are due to high humidity or discharge at contact point etc.
4) High humidity
If the air humidity is too high, it’s better to add a shield ring on the sample to shell the surface
leakage.
5) Power by a generator
The input frequency is unstable. It’s better to use fixed frequency mode.
6) Test cable
The cables may be broken after long-term use. The test set should be calibrated with a standard PF
device periodically.
7) Select a right frequency
Please select a frequency different from power frequency to enable the anti-interference function.

7.Package List

Item Quantity(pcs) Item Quantity(pcs)


Tester 1 Printer paper 1
HV Test cable 1 Power supply cable 1
LV test cable 2 User manual 2
Grounding Cable 1

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